Faculty of Humanities
DEPARTMENT OF FRENCH, ITALIAN and SPANISH
Course Information
FRENCH 349 - PHONOLOGIE FRANÇAISE


Fall, 2004:  MW 9:00 - 9:50, ED 287
                     Lab 01: TR 9:00 - 9:50; Lab 02: TR 8:00 - 8:50, both in the
                     Language Research Centre, CHD 428


Instructor:   Prof. D.C. Walker
Office:   SS 1342
Telephone:   220-7121
Office Hours:  MW 8:00 - 9:00 or by appointment
Electronic Mail:  dcwalker@ucalgary.ca
WWW site:  http://www.ucalgary.ca/~dcwalker

 Textbooks:       Walker, Douglas. French Sound Structure. University of Calgary Press.
                                  2001.

                           Duménil, Annie. Facile à dire! Les sons du français. Prentice Hall. 2003

 Course Content:  Introduction to the sound structure of French.  The relationship
                                between spelling and pronunciation. The French sound system:
                                vowels, glides and consonants.  The prosodic system of French.
                                Specific problems: nasal vowels, the loi-de-position, mute-e,
                                intonation, liaison and enchaînement, h-aspiré. Variation in the
                                form of words. Numerous exercises.

 Note: Because of the important practical component in this  course, regular attendance,
           laboratory work and extramural contact with spoken French are indispensable.

 Determination of Final Grade:
                      Exercises and tests:   30%
                      Mid-term examination:  20%
                      Final examination (written):  40%
                      Laboratory work (oral and written): 10%

 Notes:

 (1) The final examination will be scheduled by the Registrar.  No supplementary material (notes, textbooks, etc.) may be used during any examinations.  Missed assignments and examinations will receive the grade "F".  When numerical grades are used, official letter grades are correlated with numerical grades as follows:

                      99-100: A+    75-79: B       55-59: C-
                      90-98:  A       70-74: B-      50-54: D+
                      85-89:  A-      65-69: C+     45-59: D
                      80-84:  B+     60-64: C       44 or less: F

 (2) Student attention is drawn specifically to the sections of the University of Calgary Calendar dealing with plagiarism, cheating and other forms of academic misconduct. All students are responsible for knowledge of the regulations which govern their programmes.

(3) Additional information and excercises dealing with French phonology and specifically related to the text French Sound Structure may be found on the following site: http://www.ucalgary.ca/~dcwalker/FSS.html


Outline and Assigned Readings:

Note: 'FSS' refers to the assigned reading in French Sound Structure;
            'FAD' to Facile à dire!

1) Generalities, variation
         FSS: 1 - 6
         FAD: 1 - 5
 2) Classification of sounds
         FSS: 21-22
 3) The syllable, the phonological phrase
         FSS: 21 - 27, 31 - 37
         FAD: 9 - 12
 4) Orthography and pronunciation
         FSS: 11 - 17
 5) The vowel system 
         FAD: 19 -21
         a) vowel length
                 FSS: 41 - 48
         b) mid-vowels
                 FSS: 48 - 59
                 FAD: 93 - 100, 102 - 114
         c) low vowels
                 FSS: 60 - 62
                 FAD: 31 - 34
         d) nasal vowels
                 FSS: 62 - 75
                 FAD: 45 - 46, 48, 50 - 51, 54 - 62
         e) schwa/mute-e
                 FSS: 76 - 95
                 FAD: 125 - 128, 130 - 135
 6) Semi-vowels
         FSS: 100 - 106
         FAD: 73 - 79, 82 - 83
 7) The consonant system
         FSS: 119 - 125
         FAD: 155 - 159
         See also the general discussion in Chapters 11 - 14
 8) Aspirate-h
         FSS: 140 - 147
         FAD: 165 - 167
 9) Final consonants, enchaînement, liaison
         FSS: 148 - 169
         FAD: 161 - 170, 172
 10) Prosody
         a) stress
                 FSS: 117 - 181
                 FAD: 11, 21
         b) intonation
                 FSS: 182 - 187
                 FAD: 12 - 15
 11) The "periphery"
         FSS: 191 - 204


Some useful WWW sites:

Phonétique française (P. Martin, Université Laval)

Introduction à la linguistique française
(Henriette Gezundhajt, SELF, Université de Toronto, 1997-2000)

Caractéristiques phonétiques du français québécois (CIRAL, Université Laval)

Introduction à la linguistique française (G. Lessard, Université Queen's)


Supplementary Reading List: 

Carton, Fernand. Introduction à la phonétique du français. Paris: Bordas. 1974.

Catach, Nina. L'orthographe française. Traité théorique et pratique. Paris: Nathan. 1986.

Dansereau, Diane. Savoir dire. Cours de phonétique et de prononciation. Lexington: D.C. Heath. 1990.

Fouché, Pierre. Traité de prononciation française. Paris: Klincksieck. 1956.

Léon, Pierre. Phonétisme et prononciations du français, avec des travaux pratiques d'application et leurs
        corrigés. Paris: Nathan. 1992.

Malmberg, Bertil. Phonétique française. Malmø: Hermods. 1969.

Martinet, André. Le français sans fard. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 1969.

Pope, Mildred.  From Latin to Modern French with Especial Consideration of Anglo Norman. Manchester:
        Manchester University Press. 1934.

Price, Glanville. An Introduction to French Pronunciation. Oxford: Blackwell. 1991.

Tranel, Bernard. The Sounds of French. An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  1987.

Valdman, Albert. Introduction to French Phonology and Morphology. Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House. 1976.

Walker, Douglas. The Pronunciation of Canadian French. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press. 1984. (See also
          the www site http://www.ucalgary.ca/~dcwalker/PCF.html, which contains the manuscript of the book.)


French 349 Phonologie française

Introduction to the sound structure of French.  The relationship between spelling and pronunciation.
The French sound system: vowels, glides and consonants.  The prosodic system of French.
Specific problems: nasal vowels, the loi-de-position, mute-e, intonation, liaison and enchaînement, h-aspiré.
Variation in the form of words. Numerous exercises.

Outcomes Statement

Upon completion of this course, students are expected to have attained oral proficiency in French at the Advanced Level in production and comprehension (ACTFL Guidelines), and to be in command of the following theoretical material:

Students should understand the following concepts or properties relevant to an analysis of French:
 Students are also expected to:

ACTFL Guidelines, Advanced:

1. Speaking: "Able to satisfy routine social demands and limited work requirements.  Can handle with confidence but not with facility most social situations including introductions and casual conversations about current events, as well as work, family, and autobiographical information; can handle limited work requirements, needing help in handling any complications or difficulties.  Has a speaking vocabulary sufficient to respond simply with some circumlocutions; accent, though often quite faulty, is intelligible; can usually handle elementary constructions quite accurately but does not have thorough or confident control of the grammar."

2. Listening: "Sufficient comprehension to understand conversations about routine social conventions and limited school or work requirements.  Able to understand face-to-face speech in the standard language, delivered at a normal rate with some repetition and rewording by a native speaker not used to dealing with foreigners.  Understands everyday topics, common personal and family news, well-known current events, and routine matters involving school or work; descriptions and narration about current, past and future events; and essential points of discussion or speech at an elementary level of topics in special fields of interest."


Phonetics: "The science which studies the characteristics of human sound-making, especially those sounds used in speech, and provides methods for their description, classification and transcription."

Phonology: "The branch of linguistics concerned with the range and function of sounds in specific languages (and often therefore referred to as "functional phonetics"), and with the rules that can be written to show the types of phonetic relationships that relate and contrast words and other linguistic units"

 From: Crystal, David. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics Third edition. Oxford: Blackwell, 1991. Pp. 259, 261.