Emancipation

Definition:

"The legal process, which began in Europe with the French Revolution, of granting to the Jews equal civic rights in the countries in which they reside."

By Extension:

"The whole cultural and social movement promoting directly and indirectly Jewish integration."

Causes:

Implications of Emancipation:

Rights:

The cost:

The Ideological Expression of Emancipation = "Enlightenment."

The Religious Expression of Emancipation = "Reform."

Challenges to traditional Jewish religious ideas:


Moses Mendelssohn (1729-86): Pioneer of Jewish Enlghtenment

Biography;

A traditionally observant Jew who also excelled as a philosopher and literary figure. Relationship with Gottfried Lessing (Nathan der Weise).

Challenge by Johann Lavater to either refute Christianity or convert.

Jerusalem:

Click here to read passage from Jerusalem

Presentation of Judaism as more universal than Christianity.

Mendelssohn's Programme:


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