The Fourth Gospel--John

El Greco: John the Evangelist
El Greco: John the Evangelist
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

2 The same was in the beginning with God.

3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.

5 And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not. (John 1)


A Greek Manuscript Fragment of John 1

"Word":

Origin in Stoic philosophy, intermediary between spiritual God and physical world. Rational foundation of existence.

Philo adopts idea to explain biblical anthropomorphisms (descriptions of God in human terms: speaking, being seen, etc.).

Jesus described as a manifestation of God on earth.

El Greco: The Trinity
El Greco: The Trinity
Evolution into idea of "Holy Trinity":

God as:


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