CHRISTOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE PRIMITIVE CHURCH

    (FIRST CENTURY)

  1. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

  2. THE KERYGMA

  3. THE SYNOPTIC GOSPELS AND THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN

  4. EARLY GOSPEL SYMBOLISM

  5. JOHN'S GOSPEL - THE LOGOS, TRINITARIAN THEOLOGY AND THE "I AM" DISCOURSES

  6. THE BATTLE FOR A CLEAR TRINITARIAN STAND AND A PRECISE CHRISTOLOGY :


    DEVELOPMENT OF FIRST CENTURY CHURCH

    BIRTH OF JESUS 4 b.c.e.

    JESUS CRUCIFIED 30 c.e.

    JERUSALEM CHURCH

    (THE KERYGMA)

    30 c.e.

    PAUL'S MISSIONARY WORK 35-65 c.e.

    ESTABLISHMENT

    OF HOUSE CHURCHES

    30-65 c.e.

    PAUL'S MARTYRDOM 60-65 c.e

    .

    MARK'S GOSPEL 65-75 c.e.

    LUKE'S GOSPEL 80-85 c.e.

    MATTHEW'S GOSPEL 85-90 c.e.

    JOHN'S GOSPEL 95-140 c.e.


    THE KERYGMA

    1. GREEK WORD FOR PREACHING

    2. THE PREACHING OF THE GOSPEL BY THE PRIMITIVE CHURCH - THE APOSTOLIC GOSPEL MESSAGE

      EARLIEST EXAMPLE: ACTS 2:32-39

      • JESUS IS LORD AND CHRIST

      • JESUS WAS CRUCIFIED, ROSE AGAIN FROM THE DEAD AND ASCENDED INTO HEAVEN

      • CALL TO REPENTENCE FOR SALVATION FROM SIN

    3. THE KERYGMA IS THE ENLARGEMENT/DEVELOPMENT OF THE EARLY PREACHING OF JESUS - cf MK. 1:14-15.

    4. PAULINE DOCTRINE IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF THIS EARLY APOLSTOLIC TEACHING OR KERYGMA


    THE FOUR GOSPELS

    SUGGESTED DATES OF COMPOSITION

    MARK 65-75 c.e.

    MATTHEW 85-90 c.e

    LUKE 80-85 c.e.

    JOHN 95 -140 c.e.

    SYNOPTIC GOSPELS:
    MARK, MATTHEW AND LUKE

    JOHN:
    EXAMPLE OF TRINITARIAN THEOLOGY


    Mark with Winged Lion
    Matthew with Human Being
    Luke with Ox
    John with Eagle

    GOSPEL EMBLEMS

    TETRAMORPHS:

    FOUR SYMBOLIC FIGURES DERIVED FROM EZEKIEL'S VISION

    C.F. - EZ. 10:14

    1. MARK - WINGED LION

      TWO POSSIBILITIES:

      1. CHRIST PORTRAYED AS THE LION OF THE TRIBE OF JUDAH

      2. LION AS A SYMBOL OF THE RESURRECTION - THE EPISODE WITH WHICH MARK'S GOSPEL ENDS

    2. MATTHEW - MAN

      TWO POSSIBILITIES:

      1. CHRIST PORTRAYED AS THE SON OF MAN

      2. ONE OF THE FOUR LIVING CREATURES (REV. 4:7) HAD THE FACE OF A MAN

    3. LUKE -- THE OX - THE SACRIFICAL ANIMAL

      1. EMPHASIS ON THE SACRIFICE OF CHRIST

    4. JOHN - THE EAGLE

      1. CAUGHT UP IN THE SPIRIT

      2. THE VISIONARY


    THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN

      -
    • THE LOGOS
    • - JOHN 1: 1-5

    • THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TRINITARIAN CONCEPT
    • - JOHN 1:9-18

    • THE `I AM" DISCOURSES

    • I AM THE BREAD OF LIFE - JOHN 6:35

      I AM THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD - JOHN 8:12, 9:5

      I AM THE DOOR OF THE SHEEP - JOHN 10:7
      I AM THE GOOD SHEPHERD - JOHN 10:11, 14
      I AM THE RESURRECTION AND THE LIFE - JOHN 11:25
      I AM THE WAY, TRUTH AND LIFE - JOHN 14:6
      I AM THE VINE- JOHN 15:1


    THE LOGOS

    THE LOGOS

    AMONGST THE CLASSICAL GREEK STOIC PHILOSOPHERS LOGOS CAME TO MEAN:

    1. THE RATIONAL ORDER OF THE UNIVERSE

    2. A LIFE GIVING FORCE HIDDEN WITHIN THINGS

    3. A POWER WORKING FROM ABOVE ON THE SENSIBLE WORLD

    4. A REASONING "POWER" LATER DEVELOPED INTO THE CONCEPT OF "GOD"

    5. ASSOCIATED WITH ALL THE FUNCTIONS NORMALLY ATTRIBUTED TO THE DIVINE

    6. REPRESENTS DESTINY AND PROVIDENCE

    EARLY CHRISTIANS DEVELOPED THE CONCEPT OF THE LOGOS = JOHN'S GOSPEL

    1. JOHN'S GOSPEL PRESENTS THE PRE-EXISTING LOGOS AND THE JESUS OF HISTORY AS THE DEEDS OF GOD, THE WORD OF GOD WHICH IS JESUS THE CHRIST

    2. JESUS IS DESCRIBED AS THE REVELATION OF GOD

      UPON THE EARTH


    THE NICENE CREED

    (4th Century)

    We believe in one God the Father All-sovereign, maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible;

    And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, Begotten of the Father before all the ages, Light of Light, true God of true God, begotten not made, of one substance with the Father, through whom all things were made; who for us men and for our salvation came down from the heavens, and was made flesh of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary, and became man, and was crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, and suffered and was buried, and rose again on the third day according to the Scriptures, and ascended into the heavens, and sitteth on the right hand of the Father, and cometh again with glory to judge living and dead, of whose kingdom there shall be no end:

    And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and the Life-giver, that proceedeth from the Father, who with the Father and Son is worshipped together and glorified together, who spake through the prophets:

    In one Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church:

    We acknowledge one baptism unto remission of sins. We look for a resurrection of the dead, and the life of the age to come.


    THE GREAT SCHISM

    THE SEPARATION OF GREEK SPEAKING EASTERN AND WESTERN LATIN CHURCHES IN 1054

    HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL BACKGROUND:

    1. DEVELOPMENT OF EASTERN (GREEK SPEAKING) CHRISTIANITY

    2. DEVELOPMENT OF WESTERN (LATIN SPEAKING) CHRISTIANITY

    3. EMERGENCE OF BISHOPS - THE BISHOPRICS OF ALEXANDRIA, JERUSALEM, ANTIOCH, CONSTANTINOPLE AND ROME.

      THE ROMAN BISHOP'S CLAIM

    4. SEPARATION - PHYSICAL AND THEOLOGICAL

      THEOLOGICAL BACKGROUND

    5. THE FILIOQUE CLAUSE


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