Both are Traditional churches: i.e., the Christian message is mediated by traditional interpretation and authoritative leadership.
|Roman Catholic Church||Eastern Orthodox Church|
|Style of Spirituality||Emphasis on grandeur of God.
Consciousness of utter sinfulness of human nature (Augustinian tradition).
Jesus' death as key to God's redeeming activity.
|Deification (=sharing Jesus' divinity)|
Mystical goals: Knowledge of God.
Focus on restoration of God's image in humans through the incarnation of Christ.
High Christology: By sharing in Christ's perfect humanity humans can be raised up to God.
|Distinctive Modes of Worship||Canon law, personal discipline.||Icons, Monastic spiritual discipline: Interior contemplation focuses on illumination of the soul with divine Light.|
Solemn recapitulation of drama of salvation.
|Theology||Holy Spirit issued from Father and Son ("fiolioque).||Holy Spirit Proceeds only from Father|
|Church Structure||Headed by Pope (=successor to Peter); exclusion of laity; Power of excommunication||Spiritual head: the Patriarch of Constantinople. More democratic: Strong lay influence, synods|
|Relationship to State||Competition with secular government||Subject to Emperor (=official head of the Church)|