Reasons for Survival of Judaism
through Babylonian Exile
A. Theology and Beliefs:
1. Ideas that had been preached by the
- a) Belief that God had not been defeated, but that the destruction of Judea had been according to God's will, as threatened by the Prophets.
- b) Belief that God ruled the entire world, and was not limited to a particular people.
- c) The belief that the exile was a temporary phenomenon, but that the covenant still existed and God would restore the people to their land and Temple
2.Maintaining of distinction between Hebrew monotheism and Persian dualism (Zorastrianism).
- Compilation of prophetic traditions--the ancient documents and oral teachings that would afterwards form the basis for the Hebrew Bible.
- Refusal to transplant cult to foreign soil. No new temple was built (possibly because foreign land was considered impure).
- Possible beginnings of formal prayer as substitute or complement for Temple sacrificial worship (e.g., the Shema').
Press here to return to Judaism Notes Index