Jewish Religious Beliefs and Values of the Talmudic Era

1. God: Non-physical, but with a human-like personality (love, anger, etc.). Father-like.

Tension between Attribute of Justice, Attribute of Mercy.

God's Presence in the world: the Shekhinah.

(Exile, female element).

2. Humanity: The two urges / inclinations:

Yetzer ha-tov, Yetzer ha-ra.

3. Peoplehood:

*Chosenness and Covenant.

Struggle against Paganism.

*Torah, Practice (commandments) and Study

Written and Oral Torahs.

*Messiah


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