THE IMPORTANCE OF THE BABYLONIAN EXILE
Michaelangelo's "Jeremiah"TRANSITION FROM ISRAELITE RELIGION TO JUDAISM
Geographical, political location
- Fall of Northern Kingdom - 722 b.c.e. - Assyrians
- The ten tribes taken into captivity. Disappear from history
- Sanctuary at Shiloh .
- Southern kingdom of Judah (and Benjamin) survive
- Importance of Solomon's Temple as focal point of worship and
- Political unrest - The Babylonian Empire
Southern Kingdom: Religious and Cultural Environment
- Temple prophets prophesy all will be well
- Jeremiah's prophetic activity - 627 to 582 b.c.e. - approximately
- Jeremiah prophesies catastrophe - cf Jeremiah: Chapters 1-3. 7-8,
18-20, 26-29. 30-31
- Chap. 7:1-12 and Chaps. 26, 28, 29.
- Judah taken into captivity - 586 b.c.e. - destruction of Temple
- Duration of Captivity - approximately 50 years
KEY TO SURVIVAL MECHANISM:
- Texts indicate an established ritual and temple structure.
- Discussion of law and religious practice in Chapt. 26.
- Establishment of community in Babylon.
- Essential definition of the nation -
- Separation from outside influences - monotheism v pluralism
- Problems of Inter-marriage - offspring
William Blake: Nebuchadnezzar grazing
Role of prophets - credibility of Jeremiah's prophetic ministry. Ezekiel,
Role of Sabbath, synagogue to substitute for Temple.
Press here to return to Judaism Notes Index