Movements in Modern Judaism

Emancipation and enlightenment

Moses Mendelssohn - Representative of the Jewish Enlightenment Movement

The Reform Movement

The Great Synagogue in Belvaros, Hungary

Counter Reformation






Least traditional Most traditional Middle ground - traditional in practice, ideologically liberal Traditional [similar to Conservative] in practice, radically liberal  in theology
Disregard of Halakha and rejection of traditional practice. Stresses ethical and theological ideas. Strict adherence to Halakha as interpreted by Rabbinic authority Committed to Halakha, but interpret it more freely. Pluralist approach to legal issues. Does not recognize the divine origin of Halakha, but view is as a set of popular customs
[Originally] rejects non-religious aspects of Judaism Varied approaches to Jewish nationalism - Zionist, Anti-Zionist Stresses Jewish "Peoplehood" Views Judaism as an evolving civilization
Main American Rabbinical school - Hebrew Union College Yeshiva University Jewish Theological Seminary of America Reconstructionist Rabbinical College
Key Figures - Abraham Geiger [Germany], Issac M. Wise [US] Hatam Sofer, Samson R. Hirsch Zecharias Frenkel [Germany], Solomon Schechter [US] Mordecai M. Kaplan, Ira Eisenstein
Abraham Geiger Hatam Sofer Solomon Schechter Mordecai M. Kaplan



















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