Religious Studies 367

Bibliography for Research in Rabbinic Judaism:

Primary Sources and General Reference:

  1. Primary Sources:

    More and more rabbinic texts are becoming available in English translations, though not all of them are of equal quality.

    J. Neusner himself has translated almost all the major works. Use his versions only as a last resort, if no other editions are available. They are very inaccurate, and poorly annotated.

    Among the important translations by others are:

    The Mishnah:

    • Danby, H. The Mishnah. [London].
    • Goldin, J. (1957). The Living Talmud : the wisdom of the Fathers and its classical commentaries. New York, New American Library.
    • Krauss, S. The Mishnah treatise Sanhedrin. Leiden.
    • Neusner, J. (1988). The Mishnah : a new translation. New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press.

    Tosefta:

    • Neusner, J. and R. S. Sarason (1977). The Tosefta : translated from the Hebrew. Hoboken, N.J., Ktav

    Avot de-Rabbi Nathan:

    • J. Goldin (1955). The Fathers according to Rabbi Nathan. New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press.

    Halakhic (Tannaitic) midrash:

    • Hammer, R. (1986). Sifre : a Tannaitic commentary on the book of Deuteronomy. New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press.
    • Lauterbach, J. Z. (1976). Mekilta de-Rabbi Ishmael. Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society of America.

    Jerusalem Talmud:

    • Bokser, B. M., L. H. Schiffman, et al. (1994). Yerushalmi Pesahim. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
    • Rabbinowitz, J. The Jerusalem Talmud (Talmud Yerushalmi) Bikkurim. London.
    • Neusner, J. (1982). The Talmud of the land of Israel. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

    Babylonian Talmud:

    • Epstein, I. The Babylonian Talmud.
    • Epstein, I. (1967). Soncino Hebrew-English Talmud. London, Soncino (same as the above, but with the original Hebrew-Aramaic on facing pages)
    • Steinsaltz, A. and I. V. Berman (1989). The Talmud : the Steinsaltz edition. New York, Random House.
    • Ehrman, A. (1965). Tractate Qiddushin. Jerusalem, El-'Am.
    • Ehrman, A. (1965). Tractate Berakhot = Masekhet Berakhot. Jerusalem, El-'Am.
    • Ehrman, A. (1968). Tractate Bava mezia. Jerusalem, El-'Am.

    The "Minor Tractates" of the Talmud:

    • Cohen, A. (1965). The Minor tractates of the Talmud : Massektoth Ketannoth. London, Soncino Press.
    • Zlotnick, D. (1966). The tractate "Mourning" (Semahot) : regulations relating to death, burial and mourning. New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press.

    Aggadic Midrash:

    • Midrash rabbah. London.
    • Braude, W. G. and I. J. Kapstein Tanna debe Eliyyahu : = The lore of the school of Elijah. Philadelphia. [Soncino "Midrash" consisting of the "Midrash Rabbah" to the Pentateuch and the "Five Scrolls" (Ruth, Esther, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs).]
    • Braude, W. G. (1959). The Midrash on Psalms. New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press.
    • Braude, W. G. (1968). Pesikta Rabbati : discourses for feasts, fasts and special Sabbaths. New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press.
    • Braude, W. G., I. J. Kapstein, et al. (1975). Pesikta de-Rab Kahana : R. Kahana's compilation of discourses for Sabbaths and festal days. Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society of America.
    • Enelow, H. G. (1933). The mishnah of Rabbi Eliezer, or, The midrash of thirty-two hermeneutic rules. New York, Bloch.
    • Mandelbaum, B. (1987). Pesikta de Rav Kahana : al pi ketav yad Oksford : ve-shinuye nusha-ot mi-kol kitve ha-yad u-seride ha-Genizah : im perush u-mavo. Nuyork, beit midrash lerabbanim be-amerika

  2. Reference Works:

    • Encyclopaedia Judaica. New York, Macmillan. (1971). Note that most entries on Biblical personalities also contain a section on their depiction in rabbinic literature. It has a full volume index.
    • The older Jewish Encyclopedia also contains some useful material.
    • Jastrow, M. (1967). A dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic literature. New York, Shalom. A Hebrew-English dictionary. If you have a smattering of Hebrew, this could be helpful, mostly because of the many sample texts it cites in most entries.
    • Kolatch, A. J. (1981). Who's who in the Talmud. Middle Village, N.Y., Jonathan David Publishers. Not the most scientifically sound of its kind, but it contains basic biographical information about the leading rabbis, and our library has it.
    • Neubauer, A. La géographie du Talmud. Hildesheim. It is what it sounds like: An introduction to the places mentioned in the Talmud (mostly in Israel and Babylonia).
    • Hermann Strack's Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash provides a useful one-volume reference handbook for all matters related to (surprise!) Talmud and Midrash; e.g., the names, abbreviations and orders of tractates; chronology of rabbis, etc. For up-to-date information, of course, you will be using the new revision by G. Stemberger.

  3. Scholarly Journals:

    The important journals in this field are:

    • Jewish Quarterly Review (JQR)
    • Journal for the Study of Judaism in the Persian, Hellenistic and Roman Periods (JSJ)
    • Journal of Jewish Studies (JJS)
    • Hebrew Union College Annual (HUCA)
    • Tarbiz (It's in Hebrew, but has useful English summaries)
    • Proceedings of the World Congress of Jewish Studies. Jerusalem, World Union of Jewish Studies.
    • AJS Review
    • Rabbinical Council of America (1958). Tradition : a journal of orthodox Jewish thought. New York, Rabbinical Council of America.


    Other general Religious Studies journals often contain relevant material (e.g., Religious Studies\Sciences Réligieuses, Harvard Theological Review).


    Many classic old articles have been reprinted in a helpful collection by J. Neusner called The Literature of Formative Judaism.(Garland Press).


  4. Collections and Festschriften:

    • Aschkenasy, Y. and N. Stichting Compendia Rerum Iudaicarum ad Novum Testamentum (Amsterdam (1984). Compendia rerum Iudaicarum ad Novum Testamentum. Assen, Netherlands
      Philadelphia, Van Gorcum ;
      Fortress Press.
    • Corré, A. D. Understanding the Talmud. New York.
    • Daube, D. and B. S. Jackson (1974). Studies in Jewish legal history : essays in honour of David Daube. London, Jewish Chronicle Pub.
    • Dimitrovsky, H. Z. Exploring the Talmud. New York.
    • Goldin, H. E. Hebrew criminal law and procedure : Mishnah.
    • Ginzberg, L. (1955). On Jewish law and lore. Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society of America.
    • Lauterbach, J. Z. (1951). Rabbinic essays. Cincinnati, Hebrew Union College Press.
    • Neusner, J. (1990). The Literature of formative Judaism, the Mishnah and the Tosefta. New York, Garland.
    • Neusner, J. (1990). The Literature of formative Judaism, the Talmuds. New York, Garland.
    • Neusner, J. (1990). History of the Jews in the second through seventh centuries of the Common Era. New York, Garland.
    • Neusner, J. (1990). History of the Jews in the second century of the Common Era. New York, Garland.
    • Neusner, J. (1990). The Literature of formative Judaism, controversies on the literature of formative Judaism. New York, Garland.
    • Neusner, J. (1990). The Literature of formative Judaism, the Targumim and other Jewish writings in late antiquity. New York, Garland.

  5. History:

    • Alon, G. Jews, Judaism, and the classical world : studies in Jewish history in the times of the Second Temple and Talmud. Jerusalem.
    • Alon, G. and G. Levi (1980). The Jews in their land in the Talmudic age, 70-640 C.E. Jerusalem, Magnes Press.
    • Baron, S. W., A Social and Religious History of the Jews, Volume 2, has some fine material on the rabbinic period, with extensive notes.
    • Cohen, S. J. D. (1987). From the Maccabees to the Mishnah. Philadelphia, Westminster.
    • Miller, S. S. (1984). Studies in the history and traditions of Sepphoris. Leiden, the Netherlands, Brill.
    • Moore, G. F. (1997). Judaism in the first centuries of the Christian era : the age of tannaim. Peabody, Mass., Hendrickson Publishers.
    • Sperber, D. (1978). Roman Palestine, 200-400, the land : crisis and change in agrarian society as reflected in rabbinic sources. Ramat-Gan, Israel, Bar-Ilan University Press.
    • Sperber, D. (1991). Roman Palestine, 200-400 : money and prices. Ramat-Gan, Bar-Ilan University Press.
    • Schiffman, L. H. (1991). From text to tradition : a history of Second Temple and Rabbinic Judaism. Hoboken, N.J., Ktav.

  6. Works about the Talmuds:

    • Adler, M. The world of the Talmud. New York.
    • Cohen, A. Everyman's Talmud. New York.
    • Kraemer, D. C. (1990). The mind of the Talmud : an intellectual history of the Bavli. New York, Oxford University Press.
    • Mielziner, M. (1968). Introduction to the Talmud. New York, Bloch.
    • Unterman, I. The Talmud : an analytical guide to its history and teachings. New York.
    • Strack, H. L., G. Stemberger, et al. (1991). Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash. Edinburgh, T. & T. Clark.
    • Steinsaltz, A. (1976). The Essential Talmud. New York, BasicBooks.
    • Rodkinson, M. L. The history of the Talmud : from the time of its formation, about 200 B.C., up to the present time. New York.

  7. Literary Studies of Rabbinic Texts:

    • Halivni, D. (1986). Midrash, Mishnah, and Gemara : the Jewish predilection for justified law. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press.
    • Halivni, D. (1991). Peshat and derash : plain and applied meaning in Rabbinic exegesis. New York, Oxford University Press.
    • Jacobs, L. Teyku : the unsolved problem in the Babylonian Talmud : a study in the literary analysis and form of the Talmudic argument. New York.
    • Jacobs, L. (1991). Structure and form in the Babylonian Talmud. Cambridge, England, Cambridge University Press.
    • Kalmin, R. L. (1989). The redaction of the Babylonian Talmud : Amoraic or Saboraic? Cincinnati, Hebrew Union College Press.
    • Goodblatt, D. M. (1975). Rabbinic instruction in Sasanian Babylonia. Leiden, the Netherlands, Brill.
    • Neusner, J. (1970). The formation of the Babylonian Talmud : studies in the achievements of late nineteenth and twentieth century historical and literary-critical research. Leiden, the Netherlands, Brill.
    • Neusner, J. (1973). The Modern study of the Mishnah. Leiden, the Netherlands, Brill.
    • Segal, E. (1990). Case citation in the Babylonian Talmud : the evidence of Tractate Neziqin. Atlanta, Scholars Press.


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