[Including information from Qumran scrolls]
|Origin of Name:||Descendants of Zadok, ancient High Priestly family||From Hebrew : P'rushim, meaning "separated ones"-- because their strict standards of purity limited their contacts with common people.||Unclear: Possibly from word meaning 'healers"|
|Social Class:||Priests, aristocrats||Common people||[Possibly founded by extreme Sadducees]|
|Figures of Authority:||Priests||"Disciples of the Wise"||"Teacher of Righteousness"|
|Attitude to Hellenism and Romans:||For Hellenism.
Allied with the Romans as being able to guarantee the safety of the Temple
Synthesis between Hellenistic assimilation and cultural separation
|Attitide to Hasmoneans:||Opposed usurpation of priesthood by non-Zadokites||Varied?
Opposed usurpation of monarchy?
Personally opposed to Jonathan ("Wicked Priest")?
|Attitude to Bible:||Literalist||Sophisticated scholarly interpretations: applied Torah to all aspects of life.||"Pesher" (interpreted Scripture as foretelling of recent history)
|Attitude to Oral Torah:||Rejected||Equal to Written Torah||Developed their own body of interpretation and extra biblical traditions.|
|Practices:||Temple and the surrounding rituals considered the central element for religious life.||Application of priestly laws to non-priests (tithes and purity rules)||Dictinctive interpretations of Torah laws, special rules for their own community ("Manual of Discipline") , shared property, celibacy, strong emphasis on purity.|
Luni-solar (perhaps only under popular pressure?)
|Luni-solar||Solar: 364-day year|