Notes for Religious Studies 369:

Introduction to Judaism


Modern Judaism

Emancipation

Definition:

The legal process, which began in Europe with the French Revolution, of granting to the Jews equal civic rights in the countries in which they reside.

By Extension:

The whole cultural and social movement promoting directly and indirectly Jewish integration.

Causes:

Implications of Emancipation:

Rights:

The cost:

The Ideological Expression of Emancipation = "Enlightenment."

The Religious Expression of Emancipation = "Reform."

Challenges to traditional Jewish religious ideas:

Some issues addressed by Napoleon's Assembly of Jewish Notables:
A bronze medal depicting Napoleon presenting the tablets of the new laws to a submissive and grateful Moses
A bronze medal depicting Napoleon presenting the tablets of thA bronze medal depicting Napoleon presenting the tablets of the new laws to a submissive and grateful Moses


Click here to read the full transcript of the Assembly of Jewish Notables


The Enlightenment


Baruch (Benedict) Spinoza

Baruch (Benedict) Spinoza


Click here to read a section from Spinoza's Theological-Political Tractate


Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn (1729-86)


Click here to read passage from Jerusalem


Mendelssohn's Programme to reform Judaism: