Notes for Religious Studies 369:

Introduction to Judaism


Prayer and the Prayer Book


On the Early Evolution of Formal Prayer


The Main Prayers of the Daily Services

Berakhah: The Blessing

Components of Daily Services

Evening Service

Ma'ariv

Morning Service

Shaharit

Afternoon Service

Minhah

 

Preliminary blessings, study and Psalms

Preliminary Psalm (145)

A. Shema:

A. Shema:

 

Blessing A: Master of Nature (Creator of evening)>

Blessing A: Master of Nature (Creator of light)

 

Blessing B: Loves Israel <-- Revelation Torah

Blessing <-- B: Loves Israel Gave Torah

 

Text of Shema

The three paragraphs of the Shema':
Deuteronomy 6:4-9 ["Acceptance of the yoke of divine sovreignty"];
Deuteronomy 11: 13-21 ["Acceptance of the yoke of the commandments"];
Numbers 15: 37-41 ["Precept of fringes, remembering the Exodus from Egypt".

Text of Shema

The three paragraphs of the Shema':
Deuteronomy 6:4-9 ["Acceptance of the yoke of divine sovreignty"];
Deuteronomy 11: 13-21 ["Acceptance of the yoke of the commandments"];
Numbers 15: 37-41 ["Precept of fringes, remembering the Exodus from Egypt".

 

Blessing C: Redemption

Blessing C: Redemption

 

Blessing D: Protection at night

 

 

B. "Eighteen Blessings"

B. "Eighteen Blessings"

A. "Eighteen Blessings"

Group A: Praises

Group A: Praises

Group A: Praises

Group B: Petitions

Group B: Petitions

Group B: Petitions

Group C: Thanks

Group C: Thanks

Group C: Thanks

 

Penitential prayers

Penitential prayers

 

Reading from Torah (Monday and Thursday)

 

The Shema serves to affirm god's covenant with the Jews as one people, liked to the One God.

Amidah: Petition ("standing")

Additional components of the traditional liturgy:

Formal reading from the Torah is incorporated into some of the services.

Congregational prayer is introduced by a call to worship: "Bless the blessed Lord" [Barekhu]

The Kaddish: Sanctification

Alenu: Adoration

Psalms are recited before some services in order to enter into the appropriate mood.


Reading the TorahThe Synagogue: place of prayer

Dressing for Prayer

Certain special forms of dress for prayer serve as special, tangible reminders of belief and respect for God:

Fringed garment: Tallit KatanFringed garment: TallitTallit

Tefillin

Tefillin

Head covering


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