Timeline: Principal Medieval Rabbinic Authorities


Year of Death Name Country Main Areas
A. Ge'onic Era:

c. 750 - c. 1050

750 (c.) Aha of Shabha Babylonia Code (?)
772 (c.) Jehudai Ga'on Babylonia Code
850 (c.) Simeon Qayyara Babylonia Code
942 Sa'adya Ga'on Egypt, Babylonia Legal Treatises, Liturgy, Bible Commentaries and Translations
1006 Sherira Ga'on Babylonia Responsa
1013 Samuel b. Hofni Ga'on Babylonia Legal Treatises
1038 Hai Ga'on Babylonia Responsa, Legal Treatises
B. Early Rabbinic Era ("Rishonim"):

c. 1050 - c. 1600

1050 (c.) Hananel b. Hushiel Kairowan, Tunisia Talmud Commentary
1103 Isaac Alfasi Spain Code
1105 Solomon b. Isaac (Rashi) France Commentaries (Talmud, Bible)
1140 Joseph Ibn Migash Spain Critical Talmud Commentary, Responsa
1158 (c.) Samuel b. Meir (Rashbam): Tosafot France Critical Talmud Commentary, Bible Commentary
1171 Jacob "Tam": Tosafot France Critical Talmud Commentary
1198 Abraham b. David (Rabad) Provence Commentaries, critical glosses to codes
1205 Moses Maimonides Egypt Code, Commentary (to Mishnah), List of Commandments
1250 (c.) Moses of Coucy France Code
1270 Moses b. Nahman (Nahmanides, Ramban) Spain Critical Talmud Commentary, Responsa, Bible Commentary
1293 Meir of Rotenberg Germany Critical Talmud Commentary, Responsa
1310 (c.) Asher b. Jehiel (Rosh, Asheri) Germany, Spain Critical Talmud Comentary, Code
1310 Solomon b. Abraham (Rashba) Spain Critical Talmud Commentary, Responsa
1343 (c.) Jacob b. Asher Spain Code
1510 Obadiah of Bertinoro Italy Commentary (to Mishnah)
1572 Moses Isserles Poland Code
1575 Joseph Caro Turkey, Palestine Code


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