Topics from Sanders, Judaism,

Chapter Eighteen: The Pharisees

Political Activity

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Question of Control of Policies and Institutions

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Did the Pharisees Represent a Social Class?

Ginzberg-Finkelstein thesis: Middle-Working class. Not well received.

Neusner: Rabbinic texts presuppose small independent land-owners. Does this reflect situation in Second Commonwealth times? <hr>

Martyrdom:

Not a distinctively Pharisaic ideal.

Note Talmudic discussion that defines conditions under which martyrdom is required (three cardinal transgressions). <hr>

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