Primary TextType: Text

Mikra'ot Gedolot

Image Map of an edition of the 'Mikra'ot Gedolot' (Rabbinic Bible)
Click on any section for an explanation
If your browser does not read image maps, you may access the files through the following menus:

Primary TextTexts

  • Mikra'ot Gedolot (the Rabbinic Bible) to the Torah
  • The Torah
  • CommentariesCommentaries

  • The Masorah
  • Targum Onkelos
  • "Targum Yonatan ben 'Uzziel" to the Torah
  • The "Targum Yerushalmi"
  • Rabbi Abraham Ibn Ezra's Commentary to the Torah
  • Rashi's Commentary to the Torah
  • Ramban's Commentary to the Torah
  • Rashbam's Commentary to the Torah
  • Rabbi Obadiah Sforno's Commentary to the Torah
  • The Ba'al Ha-Turim's Commentary to the Torah
  • Navigational AidsNavigational Aids

  • The Masorah
  • Chapter Numbers
  • The Names of the Books of the Torah
  • The Sedrahs (lection divisions) of the Torah
  • Page Numbers
  • The Toledot Aharon

  • Title

    The Hebrew expression translates roughly as "The Great Scriptures"; in Latin: Biblia Rabbinica. The expression is in fact grammatically incorrect, since it uses a feminine adjective with a masculine noun.




    Daniel Bomberg


    Although the name "Mikra'ot Gedolot" was first attached to a version of the Bible that was printed in Venice by Daniel Bomberg of Antwerp, the Christian publisher of many standard Jewish religious texts, the name has been used for several different editions that have been printed over the years by a variety of Hebrew publishers.

    Certain basic components are found in all subsequent editions, such as the Biblical text itself, the masoretic notes, the Onkelos Targum and Rashi's and Ibn Ezra's commentaries. However the various publishers included additional versions, commentaries and indices, with a preference for medievals.

    The very first printing of the Mikra'ot Gedolot was edited by Felix Pratensis, an apostate Jew, and Bomberg had requested an imprimatur from the Pope. Neither of these facts served to endear the book on its potential Jewish clientele, so Bomberg had to produce a brand new edition under the direction of proper Jewish editors.

    The Mikra'ot Gedolot includes the entire Bible, though only the section on the Torah, the first five books, is described here.

    The Masoretic notes to the Biblical text were carefully edited by Jacob ben Hayyim Ibn Adoniyahu, and established themselves as the standard version of the Masorah.

    Return to the Talmud Page Image MapReturn to the Talmud Page Image Map