Sample Text: Megillah 24a

Rashi's Commentary

Mishnah

"The one who concludes with the reading from the Prophets"
The Sages have enacted that one who is accustomed to read the concluding reading from the Prophets should lead the responsive reading of the Shema.

"He also passes before the ark"
In order to fulfil the obligation on behalf of the congregation with regards to the Kedushah ("sanctification") section of the prayer.

"in his stead"
For his sake.

"A minor... may not lead the responsive reading of the Shema"
Because he is supposed to fulfil the obligation on behalf of the community, and since he himself is not obliged to do it, he may not release others from their obligation.

"And he may not lift his hands"
If he is a Priest; since it dishonours the congregation to be subject to his blessing.
...

Gemara

"On account of the honour"
Of being allowed him to pass before the ark. As a reward for volunteering himself for a task which carries no honour, they ruled that he should be given this honour.

"Because it might lead to a quarrel"
The matter gives provokes disagreements: "I am concluding with the reading from the Prophets, while you get to pass before the ark!"

"Where he did it gratis"
The one who passes before the ark does not receive any payment. In such an instance, the fear of a quarrel would apply, but not the issue of honour.


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