Selected Topics from: G. Stemberger, Introduction to Talmud and Midrash

Talmudic Judaism: The Historical Framework

Year (C.E.)

Historical Events

Name of Rabbinic Era

Works of Rabbinic Literature

c. 50

Limited autonomy under Roman rule

Tannaitic

Mishnah
Tosefta
Halakhic Midrash
etc.

70

Destruction of Second Temple

(Yabneh [Yavneh/Jamnia]: Restoration of Jewish Religious Life)

135

Bar Kokhba Revolt

(Usha: Transfer of religious cenre from Judea to Galilee)

c. 220

 

Start of Amoraic Era

Palestinian ("Jerusalem") Talmud
Aggadic Midrash

c. 380

Christianization of Roman Empire

 

c. 400[1]

 

End of Amoraic era in the Land of Israel

c. 500[2]

 

End of Amoraic Era in Babylonia

Babylonian Talmud

 



[1] The Transition from Second Temple to Rabbinic Judaism


[2]The Transition from Talmudic to Medieval Judaism


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