Cryobiology - A Short Course
Ken Muldrew, Dept. of Physiology & Biophysics, and Dept. of Surgery,
University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Locksley E. McGann, Dept. of Pathology,
University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada.
This web-based textbook is intended as an introduction to the science of cryobiology--
the study of living things at low temperatures. It is a work in progress and will be
built up piecemeal, as time permits. You may find various sections assume wildly
different backgrounds for the reader, but hopefully as work progresses, this will
become less of a problem.
Note: You will need IBM's techexplorer plugin to view the equations in
this document as they are formatted in TeX. Go to
to get it.
Note to mountaineers: click here
4. Aqueous Solutions
6. Physical Aspects of Freezing
7. Freezing of Cells
8. Cryopreservation of Cells
9. Cryopreservation of Tissues and Organs
11. Hypothermia and Frostbite
12. Strategies for Survival in Cold Climates
13. Food Preservation by Freezing
14. Freezing Technology
WWW Resources for Cryobiology
Glossary of Unusual Terms
A Lexicon of Snow
Document last updated Mar. 25, 1999.
Copyright © 1997, Ken Muldrew.