Wagner LS, Carlin PL, Cauce AM, Tenner A (2001)
. A snapshot of homeless youth in Seattle: their characteristics, behaviors and beliefs about HIV protective strategies. Journal of Community Health, 26(3): 219-32.  PubMed Abstract.

N = 272, Age = 13-22, Mean Age = 18 Years Males (n = 169), 16 Years females (n = 103)

Homeless/Street Youth: Seattle
Categories
All
Male
Female
N's
272
169
103
Age Range
13-22


Mean Age

18
16
Heterosexual
166 / 272
61%
103 / 169
60.9%
63 / 103
61.2%
Homosexual, Gay, Lesbian
53 / 272
19.5%
36 / 169
21.3%
17 / 103
16.5%
Bisexual
46 / 272
16.9%
26 / 169
15.4%
20 / 103
19.4%
Transgender, None of Above
7 / 272
2.6%
4 / 169
2.4%
3 / 103
2.9%
Non-Heterosexual
106 / 272
38.9%
66 / 169
39.1%
40 / 103
38.8%
Sexually Assaulted While On Street
53 / 272
19.5%
22 / 169
13.0%
31 / 103
30.1%
White/Anglo
133 / 272
48.9%
82 / 169
48.5%
51 / 103
49.5%
Black / African American
17 / 272
6.3%
6 / 169
3.6%
11 / 103
10.7%
Latino / Hispanic
15 / 272
5.5%
7 / 169
4.1%
8 / 103
7.8%
Asian / Pacific Islander
13 / 272
4.8%
9 / 169
5.3%
4 / 103
3.9%
American Indian
22 / 272
8.1%
17 / 169
10.1%
5 / 103
4.9%
Mixed Ethnicity/Race
64 / 272
23.5%
44 / 169
26.0%
20 / 103
29.4%
Other
8 / 272
2.9%
4 / 169
2.4%
4 / 103
3.9%
Data Source: Wagner et al. (2001)
18% Report Sexual Orientation as Reason for Leaving Home.


Johnson KD, Whitbeck LB, Hoyt DR (2005). Predictors of social network composition among homeless and runaway adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 28(2): 231-48. PubMed Asbtract. N = 428,  Males = 187, Females = 241, 15% GLB - Search PubMed: johnson homeless

Johnson RJ, Rew L, Sternglanz RW (2006). The relationship between childhood sexual abuse and sexual health practices of homeless adolescents. Adolescence, 41(162): 221-34. PubMed Asbtract.  To Download.

Noell JW, Ochs LM (2001). Relationship of sexual orientation to substance use, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and other factors in a population of homeless adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 29(1): 31-6. PubMed Asbtract.


Homeless/Street Youth: Portland, Oregon
Thirteen to Twenty Years of Age
Categories
All
N = 532
100%
Male
n = 316
59.4%
Female
n = 216
40.6%
Mean Age (Years)
Age Range (Years)

18.8
14-20
17.7
13-20
100% Heterosexual
53.3%
67.4%
37.5%
Mostly Heterosexual
18.2%
18.7%
17.6%
Bisexual
15.4%
7.9%
26.4%
Mostly Homosexual
3.2%
1.3%
6.0%
100% Homosexual
4.5%
2.5%
7.4%
Not Sure / Unsure
3.4%
2.2%
5.1%
Not 100% Heterosexual 46.7%
32.6%
62.5%




Caucasian / White
77%


Black / African American
2.8%


Latino / Hispanic
3.0%


Asian / Pacific Islander
1.1%


American Indian
10.4%


Other
5.7%


Data Source: Noell & Ochs (2001)
Odds Ratios (95%CI): GLBU vs 100%/Mostly Heterosexual
Attempted Suicide (Lifetime): 2.2 (1.2, 2.7)
Recent Suicidal Ideation: 1.9 (1.2, 3.1)
Recent Depression: 2.2 (1.2, 3.7)
Recent Amphetamine Use: 2.1 (1.4, 3.2)
Recent IDU (Males): 3.0 (1.3, 6.9)
Recent IDU (Females): 2.7 (1.2, 6.2)


Cochran BN, Stewart AJ, Ginzler JA, Cauce AM (2002). Challenges faced by homeless sexual minorities: comparison of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender homeless adolescents with their heterosexual counterparts. American Journal of Public Health, 92(5): 773-7. PubMed Abstract. Data collected 1995 - 1998.  84 / 375 = 22.4% sexual minority. Bisexual = 71. Gay = 8. Lesbian = 4. Trangender = 1. Mean Age = 17.14 Years. Age Range: 13-21. 84 matched with 84 heterosexual youth. "GLBT adolescents left home more frequently, were victimized more often, used highly addictive substances more frequently, had higher rates of psychopathology, and had more sexual partners than heterosexual adolescents." Do search with author.

Manzon L, Rosario M, Rekart ML (1992). HIV seroprevalence among street involved Canadians in Vancouver. AIDS Education and Prevention, Fall Supplement: 86-9. PubMed Reference. To do: Aboriginal/homo Risk for HIV.

Roy E, Haley N, Leclerc P, Sochanski B, Boudreau JF, Boivin JF (2004). Mortality in a cohort of street youth in Montreal. JAMA, 292(5): 569-74. PubMed Abstract.

Roy E, Haley N, Leclerc P, Cedras L, Weber AE, Claessens C, Boivin JF (2003). HIV incidence among street youth in Montreal, Canada. AIDS, 17(7):v1071-5. PubMed Abstract.


Montreal Street Youth Cohort: 1995 - 2000
Age Range: 14-25 Years, Mean Age = 19.9 Years (Entry)
Categories /
Cause of Death

Males
n = 683
Females
n = 330
All
N = 1,013
Rate: / 100,000,
/ Year (95% CI)
Suicide
12
1
13
All: 460 **
Males: 626 **
Drug
Overdose
5
3
8

Untintentional
Injury
2
0
2

Fulminant
Hepatitis A
1
0
1

Heart
Related
1
0
1

Unidentified
1
0
1

Total
22
6
26
921 (602, 1,350)
Males: 1148 (720, 1,739)
Females: 442 (120, 1,131
Reported Homo-
Sex Experiences
* 18.8% * 28.9%
180
17.8%
* 22.1%

Death: Homo-Sex
?
?
8
30.8%

Data Source: Roy et al. (2004)
** Not Given by Authors. Roughly Estimated.
** Given by Roy et al. (2003) for Subsample, N = 863


Public Health Agency of Canada (2006). Street Youth in Canada: Findings from Enhanced Surveillance of Canadian Street Youth, 1999-2003. Ottawa: Ministry of Health.  Internet: http://www.publichealth.gc.ca/sti.

Street Youth in Canada: Ethnicity
Results of Three Canada-Wide Surveys
Street-Youth-Canada-Ethnicity
Data Source: Public Health Agency of Canada (2006): Table 4




Suicides, and Suicide Rate
By Sex and by Age Group
  1996 1997 1981 1991 1996 1997
  Number of suicides Suicide rate per 100,000 population
All ages 3,941 3,681 14.0 13.3 13.2 12.3
Males 3,093 2,914 21.3 21.6 20.8 19.6
Females 848 767 6.8 5.3 5.6 5.1
             
1-14 years 41 51 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9
Males 32 39 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.4
Females 9 12 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
15-19 years 231 261 12.7 13.8 11.5 12.9
Males 190 207 21.2 23.0 18.5 19.9
Females 41 54 3.8 4.0 4.2 5.5
20-24 years 350 293 19.6 18.2 17.2 14.5
Males 300 257 33.2 31.7 29.0 24.9
Females 50 36 5.9 4.1 5.0 3.6
25-44 years 1,770 1,549 17.4 18.1 17.9 15.8
Males 1,390 1,228 26.2 28.8 24.7 25.0
Females 380 321 8.6 7.6 8.6 6.6
Data Source: Statcan
Internet: http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/health01.htm




American Street Youth: A Same-Day Eight-City Sample
'Race' / 'Ethnicity'
Categories
All
N = 670
(100%)
GLB
n = 150
(22.4%)
Non-GLB
n = 520
77.6%
Odds
Ratio
p
White / Caucasian
242 / 670
36.1%
58 / 150
38.8%
184 / 520
35.4%


African / American
237 / 670
35.4%
37 / 150
24.5%
200 / 520
38.5%


Latino / Hispanic
69 / 670
10.3%
15 / 150
10.2%
54 / 520
10.3%


Native American
32 / 670
4.8%
8 /150
5.4%
24 / 520
4.6%


Asian / Pacific Islander
9 / 670
1.3%
1 / 150
0.7%
8 / 520
1.5%


Others 81 / 670
12.1%
31 /. 150
20.4%
50 / 520
9.7%


Data Source: van Leeuwen et al. (2006)
All Counts Calculated From Given Percentages: An Approximation
Some Study Participants Likely Did Not Report their 'Race'/'Ethnicity'


Van Leeuwen JM, Boyle S, Salomonsen-Sautel S, Baker DN, Garcia JT, Hoffman A, Hopfer CJ (2006). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual homeless youth: an eight-city public health perspective. Child Welfare, 85(2): 151-70. PubMed Abstract.

American Street Youth: A Same-Day Eight-City Sample
Categories
All
N = 670
(100%)
GLB
n = 150
(22.4%)
Non-GLB
n = 520
77.6%
Odds
Ratio
p
Social Services
In Custody, Ever
227 / 666
34.1%
64 / 147
43.5%
163 / 519
31.6%


Asked to
Exchange Sex
199 / 656
30.3%
65 / 147
44.2%
134 / 509
26.3%


Trade Sex,
Ever
67 / 656
10.2%
27 / 147
18.8%
40 / 509
7.9%


5 Alcohol Drinks, At
Once, Past 2 Weeks
198 / 661
30.0%
62 / 147
42.2%
136 / 514
26.5%


Intravenous Drug Use
(IDU), Ever
98 / 659
14.9%
34 / 147
23.1%
64 / 512
12.5%


Family Member, Severe
Drug / Alcohol Problem
432 / 661
65.4%
108 / 145
74.5%
324 / 516
62.9%


Ever In Drug / Alcohol
Treatment Program
193 / 651
29.6%
56 / 138
37.8%
137 / 513
26.7%


Attempted Suicide,
Ever

241 / 662
36.2%
93 / 149
62.4%
148 / 513
28.8%


White / Caucasian

38.8%
35.4%


African / American

24.5%
38.5%


Latino / Hispanic

10.2%
10.3%


Native American

5.4%
4.6%


Asian / Pacific Islander

0.7%
1.5%


Others
20.4%
9.7%


Data Source: van Leeuwen et al. (2006)


Rew L, Whittaker TA, Taylor-Seehafer MA, Smith LR (2005). Sexual health risks and protective resources in gay, lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual homeless youth. Journal of  Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, 10(1): 11-9. PubMed Abstract.

Street Youth -16 to 20 Years-Old: Texas
Categories
Gay /
Lesbian
n = 63
(15.6%)
Bi-
sexual
n = 82
(20.3%)
G
LB
n = 145
(36.0%)
Hetero-
Sexual
n = 258
(64.0%)
All
N = 403
(100%)
Race/Ethnicity





White
48
64
112
192
304
[75.4%]
African-American
2
3
5
10
15
[3.7%]
Latino/Hispanic
6
4
10
14
24
[6.0%]
Native-American
3
6
9
15
24
[6.0%]
Asian-American
1
1
2
2
4
[1.0%]
Other
3
4
7
23
30
[7.4%]






Males
44
32
76
(31.9%)
162
(68.1%)
238
[59.1%]
Females
19
50
69
(41.8%)
96
(38.2%)
165
[40.9%]












Data Source: Rew et al. (2005)