Results from more than 30 gay / bisexual male youth suicidality Studies
To Index Page: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual / Queer / Transgender / Two Spirit Information Site
GLB Street Youth
Site Index
Subject Index
Your Help Would be Appreciated
Full Text Papers /
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(Part 3 of 4: Index)
Graphics by Websight West: - Acknowledgments  & Information Limitations

Page Index: Sexual Minorities in Schools - Homosexuality: Genetic / Learned - Ethnic Minority Sexual Minorities - Latin American Sexual Minorities - African Sexual Minorities - Middle East to Central Asia Sexual Minorities - Asian: General - South Asia - Northeast Asia - Southeast Asia: Mekong Region. - Southeast Asia: Minus the Mekong Region). - Male Youth Prostitution - HIV / AIDS.

To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Sexual Minorities in Schools:

Note: Additions to this list will initially be made on - This Web Page (End of Page) - and here up to one year later.

Book: Epstein D, Ed. (1994). Challenging Lesbian and Gay Inequalities in Education. Gender and Education Series. Open University Press, Buckingham, England. PDF Download. Download Page.

Abstract: Educators in Britain have tended to ignore lesbian and gay issues, creating a gap that this book addresses by discussing the complex debates about sexuality and schooling. Contributors to this collection tell stories of distress and victimization and of achievement and support in the following: (1) "Introduction: Lesbian and Gay Equality in Education--Problems and Possibilities" (Debbie Epstein); (2) "So the Theory Was Fine" (Alistair, Dave, Rachel, and Teresa); (3) "Growing Up Lesbian: The Role of the School" (Marigold Rogers); (4) "A Burden of Aloneness" (Kola); (5) "Are You a Lesbian, Miss?" (Susan A. L. Sanders and Helena Burke); (6) "Victim of a Victimless Crime: Ritual and Resistance" (Roy Bartell); (7) "Black in the Closet" (Akanke); (8) "Lesbian and Gay Equality within a Whole School Policy" (Debbie Epstein); (9) "Lesbian and Gay Issues in the Curriculum" (Paul Patrick and Susan A. L. Sanders); (10) "Shifting Ground: Rethinking Sexuality Education" (Peter Redman); (11) "(In)visibility: Sexuality, Race and Masculinity in the School Context" (Mairtin Mac An Ghaill); (12) "Coming Out in the National Union of Teachers" (Gillian Spraggs); and (13) "On the Straight and Narrow: The Heterosexual Presumption, Homophobias and Schools" (Debbie Epstein and Richard Johnson). 


Adams N, Cox T, Dunstan L (2004).I am the hate that dare not speak its name’: Dealing with homophobia in secondary schools. Educational Psychology in Practice, 20: 259–269. PDF Download.

Alderson KG, Orzeck TL, McEwen SC (2009). Alberta High School Counsellors’ Knowledge of homosexuality and Their Attitudes Toward Gay Males. Canadian Journal of Education, ,32(1): 87-117. PDF Download.

Allan, Christina (1999). Poets of Comrades: Addressing Sexual Orientation in the English Classroom. English Journal, July: 97-101. PDF Download.

Alloway N (2000). Just kidding? Sex-based harassment at school. New South Wales: PDF Download.

Almeida J, Johnson RM, Corliss HL, Molnar BE, Azrael D (2009). Emotional distress among LGBT youth: the influence of perceived discrimination based on sexual orientation. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(7): 1001-14. Abstract. PDF Download.

Alvine, Lynne (1994). Understanding Adolescent Homophobia: An Interview with Bette Greene. The Alan Review, 20(2). Full Text.

The American College of Pediatricians (2008). Empowering Parents of Gender Discordant and Same-Sex Attracted Children. Full Text.

APA (American Psychological Association) Online. Just the Facts About Sexual Orientation & Youth: A Primer for Principals, Educators and School Personnel. Full Text. Full Text.

Anderson JD (1994). School Climate for Gay and Lesbian Students and Staff  Members. Phi Delta Kappan, 76(2), 151-54. Full Text.

Andersson, Miranda (2007). Ung och gay - Informationsbehovet som ung och homo- eller bisexuell i komma-ut-processen [Young and gay - The need for information as young and gay or bisexual in the coming-out-process]. Master's Dissertation, Vid Institutionen Biblioteks - Och Informationsvetenskap / Bibliotekshögskolan. PDF Download. Google Translation.

Armstrong M (1994). Creating a Positive Educational Environment for Gay and Lesbian Adolescents: Guidelines and Resources for Staff Development, Curriculum Integration, and School-Based Counseling Services. Master's Practicum Project, Heidelberg College. (The 46-page document is available from ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Institute for Urban and Minority Education, Box 40, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027. PDF Download. Abstract. PDF Download.

Barnard I (1993). Anti-homophobic pedagogy: Some suggestions for teachers. Feminist Teacher, 7, 3, 50-52. Full Text. (Excerpts)

Berlan ED, Corliss HL, Field AE, Goodman E, Austin SB (2010). Sexual orientation and bullying among adolescents in the growing up today study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 46(4): 366-71. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Bidell, Markus P (2011). School Counselors and Social Justice Advocacy for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Students. Journal of School Counseling, 9(10). PDF Download. Download Page.

Bird L (2004). A queer diversity: Teaching difference as interrupting intersections. The Canadian On-Line Journal of Queer Studies in Education, 1(1). PDF Download. Full Text.

Birden, Susan (2002). Teaching with "attitude": Coming to grips with the truths and consequences of ignoring sexual diversity in schools. Educational Foundations, 16(Fall). Full Text.

Bishop, Christa M (2010). How visible and integrated are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender families: A survey of school psychologists regarding school characteristics. PhD Disssertation, School Psychology, Alfred University, Alfred, NY. PDF Download. Download Page.

Blackburn MV, McCready LT (2009). Voices of Queer Youth in Urban Schools: Possibilities and Limitations. Theory Into Practice, 48(3): 222-230. PDF Download.

Blackwell, Louise (2008). Needs Assessment of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered young people living in Flintshire. Flintshire, England: Flintshire Citizens Advice Bureaux. Word Download.

Blake SM, Ledsky R, Lehman T, Goodenow C, Sawyer R, Hack T (2001). Preventing sexual risk behaviors among gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents: the benefits of gay-sensitive HIV instruction in schools. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6): 940-6. Full TextFull Text.

Bland, Frederick J (2010). Assessing Michigan school counselors' preparedness to meet the needs of attractional/sexual minority students. PhD Dissertation, Western Michigan University. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Blumenfeld WJ (). Adolescence, Sexual Orientation & Identity: An Overview. Full Text.

Blumenfeld WJ, Cooper RM (2010). LGBT and Allied Youth Responses to Cyberbullying: Policy Implications. International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, 3(1): 114-133. PDF Download.

Blumenfeld WJ, Lindop, L (2000). How to Start a Gay-Straight Alliance. PDF Download.

Blumenfeld WJ, Lindop L ()  Road Blocks and Responses in Addressing Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Issues: Responding to Resistance from Teachers, Administrators, Students and the Community.  Full Text.

Bochenek M, Brown AW (2001). Hatred in the Hallways: Violence and Discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students in U.S. Schools. Full Text.

Bonauto ML (2008). The Legal Rights of Public Schoo; Students and Teachers in Massachusetts: A Focus on Sexual Orientation Discrimination and Free Speech in Massachusetts Elementary and Secondary Schools. Boston, MA: Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders. PDF Download.

Bontempo DE, D’Augelli AR (2002). Effects of at school victimization and sexual orientation on lesbian, gay, or bisexual youths’ health risk behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health, 30(5), 364-374. PubMed AbstractFull Text. Full Text.

Bortolin S, Adam BD, Brooke C, McCauley J (2011). Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Youth's Experiences of School Climate. Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Windsor. PDF Download.

Bouchard P, Jean-Claude St-Amant J-C, Gagnon C (2000). Pratiques de masculinité à l’école québécoise. Revue canadienne de l’éducation/Canadian Journal of Education, 25(2): 73-87. PDF Download. Download Page. Google Translation.

Bower LA, Klecka CL (2009). Lesbian Mothers' Bids for Normalcy in Their Children's Schools. Educational Forum, 73(3): 230-239. Full Text.

Brautigam, Christel Katharina Ireme (2004). The Image of Homosexuality in Recent Novels for Young Adults. Master's Dissertation, University of British Columbia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Bravener HL (2010). School Climate and Implications for LGBT Youth. PPT Presentation.

Breitenbach, Esther (2004). Researching lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender issues in Northern Ireland. OFMDFM Equality Directorate. PDF Download.

Brickley, Lori (2001). Diversity and Learning: Ending the Silence--Starting a Gay/Straight Alliance. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Seattle, WA. Full Text. Download Page.

Bridge, Sally (2010). No place on the shelves? Are Northern Ireland’s school libraries addressing the information needs of their lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered students? Master's Dissertation, Department of Information Studies, Aberystwyth University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Bridgman, Becky L (2008). LGBTQ Course(s) in Public Education. Master's Dissertation, Division of Teacher of Education of the College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Health Services. PDF Download. Download Page.

Buckel DS (1998). Taking the Offensive in the Struggle against Anti-Gay Abuse in Public Schools: Improving School Policies and State Laws. A Landmark compendium of Model Policies and Laws. PDF Download. Download Page.

Burnett L (2003). We Don’t Have Any of THEM at Our School! Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Student, Teacher and Parent Invisibility and Issues. Australian Journal of Middle Schooling, 3(1). PDF Download.

Busch, Rebecca (2006). Wisconsin School Counselor Perceptions of Schol Climate Experiences of Gay and Lesbian Youth. Master of Science Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Stout. PDF Download.

Buston K, Hart G (2001). Heterosexism and homophobia in Scottish school sex education: exploring the nature of the problem. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1): 95-109. Full Text N/A. PubMed Abstract.

Byrd R, Hays DG (2012). School Counselor Competency and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning (LGBTQ) Youth.  Journal of School Counseling, 10(3).  PDF Download. Download Page.

Cahill S, Cianciotto J (2003). Education Policy: Issues Affecting Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth. PDF DownloadHome Page.

Callahan, Connie J (2001). Protecting and Counseling Gay and Lesbian Students. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, 40(1): 5-10. Word Download.

Callaghan, Tonya (2009). How Catholic Schools Dance Away From Their Obligations Regarding Sexual Diversity. Canadian Journal for New Scholars in Education/ Revue canadienne des jeunes chercheures et chercheurs en education. 2(1). PDF Download.

Callaghan TD (2008). Matthew’s Catholic Closet: Narrative Inquiry as a Form of Qualitative Research. Paper presented at the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies (CACS) Congress, University of British Columbia. Word Download.

Callaghan TD (2007). Contra/Diction: How Catholic doublespeak in Canadian Catholic secondary schools furthers homophobia. The Canadian On-Line Journal of Queer Studies in Education, 3(1). PDF Download.

Camille, Lee (2002). The Impact of Belonging to a High School Gay/Straight Alliance. The High School Journal 85(3). Download Page. - Full text - PDF Download. (Subscription Needed). Alternate Link.

Cant B, Taket A (2008). Editorial Introduction: Special Section on Methodology and LGBT People. Sociological Research Online, 13(1). Full Text.

Cart Michael (1997). Honoring Their Stories, Too: Literature for Gay and Lesbian Teens. The Alan Review, 25(1). Full Text.

Carvalho, Kimberly (2006). Effects of a Gay-Straight Alliance on the perceived climate at a continuation high school. A Social Work 298 Special Project Presented to the Faculty of the College of Social Work San José State University. PDF Download.

Casper, Virginia et al. (1996). Toward a Most Thorough Understanding of the World: Sexual Orientation and Early Childhood Education. Harvard Educatioal Review, 66(2): 271-294. Full text.

Catlett C, Lesser LK (2007). Tools and Strategies for Including Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Diversity in Professional Development. PDF Download.

Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA (2007). Sexual minority students. Los Angeles, CA: Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA. PDF Download.

Chesler MA, and Zuniga X (1991). Dealing with Prejudice and Conflict in the Classroom: The Pink Triangle Exercise. Teaching Sociology, 19, 2, 173-81. Full text.

Chew, Cynthia Mei-Li (2008). “It’s stupid being a girl!” The Tomboy character in Selected Children’s Series Fiction. PhD. Dissertation, Murdoch University, Australia. PDF Download.

Cochran BN, Stewart AJ, Ginzler JA, Cauce AM (2002). Challenges faced by homeless sexual minorities: comparison of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender homeless adolescents with their heterosexual counterparts. American Journal of Public Health, 92(5): 773-7.  PDF Download.

Clarke P, MacDougall B (2004). Crossing the Line: Homophobic Speech and Public School Teachers. Encounters on Education, 5(Fall): 125-140. PDF Download.

Clyde LA (2003). School libraries and social responsibility: support for special groups and issues - the case of homosexuality. Paper presented at the World Library and Information Congress: 69th IFLA General Conference and Council, Berlin, Germany. PDF Download.

Cooper-Nicols M, Bowleg L, de Mesquita PB (2007). Exploring the Experiences of Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youth in Schools: Lessons for School Psychologists. Paper presented at the NASP 2007 Annual Convention, New York, NY, March 27-31. Word Download N/A.

Corliss HL, Shankle MD, Moyer MB (2007). Research, Curricula, and Resources Related to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health. American Journal of Public Health, 97(6): 1023-27. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Correa, Dierdra Marie (2009). Creating a socially supportive environment for gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and questioning youth through education, advocacy, and school-based support groups. Master's Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach. PDF Download.

Crew, Louis (1975). The Faggot in the Woodpile: Teaching Gay Students. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the College English Assn. (6th, Atlanta, Georgia, April 10-12, 1975). Download Page. PDF.

Crothers L, Altman C (2007). Bullying of Sexually Diverse Children and Adolescents. NASP Communiqué, 35, #5. Full Text.

Crowhurst M (2009). More Conversations with Queer Young People To Be Read Aloud. Australia: Common Ground Publishing Pty Ltd. PDF Download.

Crowhurst M (2005). 'I think I might be gay'. In: M. Pallotta-Chiarolli (ed.) When Our Children Come Out: How to Support Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgendered Young People, Finch, New South Wales, Australia, pp. 153-157. PDF Download. Download Page.

Crowhurst, Michael (2001). Working Through Tension: A Response to the Concerns of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Secondary School Students. PhD Dissertation, Youth Research Centre, Department of Education Policy and Management, University of Melbourne. PDF Downloads (Download Page).

Crowhurst, M (1999). Are you gay/sir?: I'm not going to tell you: Towards a pedagogy of provocation. Paper presented at the AARE conference in 1999. Are You Gay/Sir? is meant to be read first and is forthcoming in 'Melbourne Studies in Education'. Full Text.

Crowhurst, M (1999). 'When We Treat Them All The Same We Don't': Snippets of Gay and Lesbian School Experience: The need for naming names in policy. Paper presented at the AARE conference in 1999. Full Text.

Crozier PW (2000). Forcing boys to be boys: The persecution o fgender non-conforming youth. Boston College Third World Law Journal, 21(1): 123-144. Full Text.

Culhane, John G (2011). A Population-Based, Public Health Approach to Bullying of LGBT Youth. Rutgers Law Record: The Internet Journal of Rutgers School of Law, 38. Download Page.

Cull M, Platzer H, Balloch S (2006). Out On My Own: Understanding the Experiences and Needs of Homeless Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth. Health and Social Policy Research Centre, Faculty of Health, School of Applied Social Science, University of Brighton. PDF Download.

Curry, Ann (2005). If I Ask, Will They Answer? Evaluating Public Library Reference Service to Gay/Lesbian Youth. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 45(1): 65-75. PDF Download. Download Page.

Cutler A, et al. (2010). The World of Sexual Minority Youth: Implications for Educational Professionals. Wayne State University. PDF Download.

Dalley-Trim L, Cook J (2009). The Call To Critique ‘Common Sense’ Understandings About Boys And Masculinity(Ies). Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 34(1): 54-68. PDF.

Dame L (2004). Queer youth in care in Manitoba: An examination of their experiences through their voices. The Canadian Online Journal of Queer Studies in Education, 1(1). PDF Download. Full Text.

D’Augelli A, Grossman A (2006). Researching lesbian, gay and bisexual youth: Conceptual, practical and ethical considerations. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Issues in Education, 3(2/3): 35-56. PDF Download.

Davis, Katherine (2010). Application of a Leadership Approach to Address Suicide among Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Youth. Florida Public Health Review, 7: 4-8. PDF Download.

Davison KG (2004). Texting Gender and Body as a Distant/ced Memory: An Autobiographical Account of Bodies, Masculinities, and Schooling. Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 30(3): 129-149. PDF Download. Download Page.

Davison KG (2000). Boys’ Bodies in School: Physical Education. The Journal of Men’s Studies. 8(2): 255-266. PDF Download.

Davison, Kevin G (1996). Manly expectations: memories of masculinities in school. Master's Dissertation, Education, Simon Fraser University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Davison K, Frank B (2006). Sexualities, Genders, Bodies and Sport: Changing Practices of Inequity. In: K. Young & P. White (Eds.) Sport and Gender in Canada, Second Edition, Toronto: Oxford University Press, pp. 178-193. PDF Download. Download Page.

DeJean W (2007). Out Gay and Lesbian K-12 Educators: A Study in Radical Honesty. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education, 4(4): 59-72. PDF Download.

Denton, Mary Jean (2009). The lived experiences of lesbian/Gay/[bisexual/transgender] educational leaders. PhD. Dissertation, Faculty of Education, University of Minnesota. PDF Download. Download Page.

DePalma R (2008). ‘No Outsiders’: Challenging homophobia and heteronormativity in UK primary schools. Paper presented at the ECER Conference: From Teaching to Learning? Full Text.

DePaul J, Walsh ME, Dam UC (2009). The Role of School Counselors in Addressing Sexual Orientation in Schools. Professional School Counseling, 12(4): 300-308. Full Text. Full Text

DeSurra CL, Church KA (1994). Unlocking the Classroom Closet: Privileging the Marginalized Voices of Gay/Lesbian College Students.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association in New Orleans, November 19-22, 1994. Abstract contains a hyperlink to an excerpt of the article. PDF Download. Abstract / Download Page.

Diaz, Elizabeth Maria (2010). Demographic differences in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth's participation in school-based gay-straight alliances in the United States. Master's Dissertation, George Washington University. Abstract & Download. - Note: "Black and Latino/a youth were less likely than White youth, and males were less likely than female or transgender youth to participate in their school's GSA. Findings highlight a need for further research examining barriers to GSA participation."

Diaz EM, Kosciw JG (2009). Shared Differences: The Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students of Color in Our Nation’s Schools. New York, NY: Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Drake KA, Billington A, Ellis C (2003). Homophobic Bullying In Schools: Baseline Research, Northamptonshire. PDF Download.

Drummond M (2005). Men's bodies and the meaning of masculinity. Paper presented at the Ian Potter Museum of Art Masculinities Symposium Proceedings: Masculinities: Gender, Art and Popular Culture. PDF Download.

Dumas, Jacqueline (2008). The ESL Classroom and the Queerly Shifting Sands of Learner Identity. TESL Canada Jourbal, 26(1): 1-10. PDF Download.

Duncan, Neil (2006). Homophobia, misogyny and school bullying. Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, University of Warwick. Full text.

Dunne A (2006). Over-Conformists to Gender Norms: Anabolic Steroid Consumption among Adolescent Males. ACR (Association  for Consumer Research) Proceedings: Conference Presentation. PDF Download.

Eaton LE (2005). Constructing Rainbow Classrooms: Non-heterosexual Students Journey Toward Safer Schools. PhD. Dissertation. Educational Research, Leadership, and Policy Analysis, North Carolina State University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Egale Canada. (2009). Youth speak up about homophobia and transphobia. PDF Download. Summary.

Elliott, Amy M (2006). Thinking Globally and Reading Diversely: Issues of Gay and Lesbian International Literature for Young Adults. Paper presented at the 28th Annual College of Communication and Information Research Symposium, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN. PDF Download. Download Page.

Ellis V, High S (2004). Something More to Tell You: Gay, Lesbian or Bisexual Young People's Experiences of Secondary Schooling. British Educational Research Journal, 30(2): 213-225. PDF Download.

Elsbree A, Fernández AE, Wong P (2004). It’s not so elementary: Practices to disrupt homophobia in teacher education courses. Multicultural Pavilion Education. Word Download.

Elze DE (2003). Risk factors for internalizing and externalizing problems among gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents. Social Work Research, 26(2): 89-100. PDF Download.

Epstein D (1997). Teaching Sexualities. Chapter extracted from Debbie Epstein and Richard Johnson (in press). Schooling Sexualities. Buckingham: Open University Press and given by Debbie Epstein as a paper at the Australian Association for Research in Education Conference, Brisbane. Full text.

The Equality Authority, Ireland (2006). Making Your School Safe for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Students. PDF Download.

Erlandson C (2004). Inclusive Schools? Sharing the Stories of Gay and Lesbian Students. Perspectives, 4. PDF Download.

Espejo, Juan Cornejo Espejo (2011). “Coming out” en la escuela. Bagoas, 5(6): 49-68. PDF Download. Translation.

Espelage DL, Swearer SM (2008). Addressing Research Gaps in the Intersection Between Homophobia and Bullying. School Psychology Review, 37(2): 155-159. PDF Download.

Espelage DL,  Aragon SR, Birkett M, Koenig BW (2008). Homophobic teasing, psychological outcomes, and sexual orientation among high school students: What influence do parents and schools have? School Psychology Review, 37(2): 202-216. PDF Download. PDF Download. Full text.

Estrada R, Marksamer J (2006). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Young People in State Custody: making the Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Systems Safe for All Youth through Litigation, Advocacy and Education. The Temple Law Review, 79(2): 425-428. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Evans L, Davies K (2000). No sissy boys here: A content analysis of the representation of masculinity in Elementary School Reading Textbooks. Sex Roles. 41(3/4): 255-270. PDF Download.

Fetner T,  Kush K (2008). Gay-Straight Alliances in High Schools: Social Predictors of Early Adoption. Youth & Society, 40(1): 114-130. PDF Download.

Fifield Steve (2004). Mr. Swain is Gay’: Problems and Prospects of Teachers as Sexual Strangers. Paper presented at the LGBTQ Lecture Series, University of Delaware, Newark, DE. PDF Download.

Fifield Steve (2004). Getting to know you?: LGBT teachers and the epistemological prospects of coming out versus being a sexual stranger. Paper presented at the Centre for Research into Professional Practice, Learning, and Education, Charles Sturt University. PDF Download.

Fisher, ES, Komosa-Hawkins K, et al. (2008). Promoting School Success for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered, and Questioning Students: Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention and Intervention Strategies. The California School Psychologist. Full text. Full text.

Flood M, Hamilton C (2005). Mapping Homophobia in Australia. Australia Institute Webpaper. PDF Download.

Fong, Sabrina (2010). Homophobic bullying and safety for queer youth in high school, a retrospective study. Masters' Dissertation, Social Work, California State University Sacramento. PDF Download. Download Page.

Ford T (2004). Queering education from the ground up: Challenges and opportunities for Educators. Canadian Online Journal of Queer Studies in Education, 1(1). PDF Download. Full text.

Forsman DH, Simonet L (2003). Understanding the GLBTQ Diversity in the Classroom. Hamline University. PDF Download.

Forsyth, Bob (2000). LGBT Youth & Social Inclusion: A Review of Existing Research. Stonewall Youth Project. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Foster D (2007). Considerations for Educators: Not everyone knows what Barb is, do they Mom? Health Leaning, 3. PDF Download.

Fournier B, Marcoux A (1997). Demystifying Homosexuality in Schools in the Chaudière-Appalachia Region: An Aid to Intervention. Public Health Office of Planning and Evaluation Chaudière-Appalachia Region. PDF Download

Flowers P, Buston K (2001). "I was terrified of being different": exploring gay men's accounts of growing-up in a heterosexist society. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1): 51-65. Full Text N/A, PubMed Abstract.

Frank B, Davison K (2006). Editorial – Boys, Men, Masculinities and Education. The McGill Journal of Education, 41(2): 105-107. PDF Download. Download Page.

Frank II DA, Cannon EP (2009). Creative Approaches to Serving LGBTQ Youth in Schools. Journal of School Counseling, 7(35): 1-25. PDF Download. PDF Download.

French J (2009). Support of marginalized students in science: An examination of successful lesbian individuals in science career paths. PhD. Dissertation, College of Education and Human Ecology, Ohio State University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Garcia  MRV (2009). Homofobia e heterossexismo nas escolas: discussão da produção científica no Brasil e no mundo. In: IX Congresso Nacional de Psicologia Escolar, 2009, São Paulo. Anais do IX Congresso Nacional de Psicologia Escolar e Educacional, 2009.  PDF Download. Google Translation.

Gardner CA (2006). Welcoming Our GLBT Patrons. Virginia Libraries, 52(2). Full Text.

Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN). What You Can Do: Ideas and Resources for Educators Working to End Homophobia in Schools. Full Text.

Gibbons M, O’Shea K (2006). More Than a Phase: A resource guide for the inclusion of young lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender learners: Understanding the Issues. Ireland: Pobal. PDF Download.

Gipson LM (2002). Poverty, Race and LGBT Youth. Poverty & Race Research Action Council Newsletter. March/April. Full Text.

GIRES: Gender Identity Research and Education Society (2008). Guidance on Combating Transphobic Bullying in Schools. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

GLEN (2009, Ireland). Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Students in Post-Primary Schools; Guidance for Principals and School Leaders. PDF Download.

Glimps BJ (2005). Students Who are Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, or Transgender. Current Issues in Education,  8(16). Full Text.

GLSEN and Harris Interactive (2008)The Principal's Perspective: School Safety, Bullying and Harassment. A Survey of Public School Principals. Commissioned by GLSEN in collaboration with NASSP. New York: GLSEN. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Glynn, Warrick (1999). Non-hegemonic masculinities and sexualities in the secondary school: construction and regulation within a culture of heteronormativity. Masters dissertation, Faculty of Education, University of Melbourne. PDF Download.

Gobby, Brad (2006). Captured becomings: An assemblage of sexual difference, neoliberal capitalism and bodies in the boys‘ education debate. Master's Dissertation, Education, Murdoch University, Australia. PDF Download.

Goldstein T (2004). Performed ethnography for anti-homophobia teacher education: Linking research to teaching. The Canadian On-Line Journal of Queer Studies in Education, 1(1). PDF Download. Full text.

Goldstein T, Russell V, Daley A (2007). Safe, Positive and Queering Moments in Teaching education and Schooling: A conceptual framework. Teaching Education, 18)3): 183-199. PDF Download.

Goodrich KM, Luke M (2010). Handout A: What Youth Say About Counselors Straight Talk About Counseling LGBT Youth. American Counseling Association 2010, Pittsburgh, PA. PDF Download.

Gopal S, Mesibov LL (2003). Liability for Peer Harassment of Gay Students. School Law Bulletin, Fall, 2003: 16-29. PDF Download.

Gordon, Lenore (1997). What do we say when we hear 'faggot'? New Moon Network, 4(4): 6-7. Reference. In: Rethinking Our Classrooms, Volume 1. In: Equity in schools and society - 2000 - edited by  Judy M. Iseke-Barnes, Njoki Nathani Wane (Google Books). PDF Download. PDF Download.

Gosse, Douglas (2009). Race, Sexual Orientation, Culture and Male Teacher Role Models: Will Any Teacher Do As Long As They Are Good? Conference proceedings at EDGE Conference, St. John’s, NL.  PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Gosse D (2005). My Arts-Informed Narrative Inquiry into Homophobia in Elementary Schools as a Supply Teacher. International Journal of Education & the Arts, 6(7): 1-19. PDF Download. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Gosse D (2004). Foundational Tenets and Challenges in Conceptualizing a Queer Curriculum Model. Inter-Cultural Studies, 4(1): 32-41. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Grace A P (2007). In your care: School administrators and their ethical and professional responsibility toward students across sexual-minority differences. In W. Smale & K. Young (Eds.), Approaches to educational leadership and practice: 16-40. PDF Download.

Gosse D, Parr M, Allison J (2007). You’re Out! Calling for debate on male primary school teacher candidates. The Canadian On-Line Journal of Queer Studies in Education, 3(1). PDF Download Full Text.

Grace, André P (2009). Resilient sexual-minority youth as fugitive lifelong learners: engaging in a strategic, asset-creating, community-based learning process to counter exclusion and trauma in formal schooling. University of Alberta. PDF Download.

Grace AP, Wells K (2005). The Marc Hall Prom Predicament: Queer Individual Rights v. Institutional Church Rights in Canadian Public Education. Canadian Jourbal of Education, 28(3): 237-270. PDF Download.

Graybill E, Morillas C (2009). School climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trandgender youth: An overview of the literature. Center for School Safety, School Climate, and Classroom Management, Georgia State University. PDF Download.

Greytak EA, Kosciw JG, Diaz EM (2009)Harsh Realities: The Experiences of Transgender Youth in Our Nation's Schools. A Report from the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network. PDF Download. PDF Download.

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Harris N, Dyson MR (2004). Safe Rules or Gays' Schools? The Dilemma of Sexual Orientation Segregation in Public Education. University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, 7(11): 183-218. PDF Download.

Hayn J, Hazlett L (2008). Connecting LGBTQ to Others through Problem Novels: When a LGBTQ Is NOT the Main Character. ALAN Review, 36 (1): 68-72. Full Text.

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Kehler M,  Martino W (2007). Questioning Masculinities: Interrogating Boys' Capacities for Self-Problematization in Schools. Canadian Journal of Education, 30(1): 90-112. PDF Download.

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Robinson KH (2002). Making the Invisible Visible: gay and lesbian issues in early childhood education. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 3(3): 415-434. PDF Download.

Robinson KH (2005). Doing Anti-homophobia and Anti-heterosexism in Early Childhood Education: moving beyond the immobilising impacts of 'risks', 'fears' and 'silences'. Can We Afford Not To? Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 6(2). Download Page.

Robinson KH (2005). ‘Queerying' gender: Heteronormativity in early childhood education. Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 30(2): 19-28. Full Text. PDF Download.

Robinson KH, Ferfolja T (2003). Anti-homophobia education in teacher education: Perspectives from teacher educators in NSW, Australia. Paper presented at the NZARE/AARE conference, Auckland, New Zealand. PDF Download.

Roen, Katrina (2007). The cultural context of youth suicide: identity, gender and sexuality: Full Research Report. ESRC End of Award Report, ES-000-22-1239. Swindon: ESRC. PDF Download.

Rofes, Eric (1998). Transgression and the Situated Body: Gender, Sex, and the Gay Male Teacher. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. San Diego. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Rosenfeld MJ (2007). The Risk of Suicide, the Safety of Sexual Minorities in High Schools, and the Response of Gay-Straight Alliances. PDF Download.

Rooke A, Gooch B (2007). Sci:dentity: What’s The Science Of Sex And Gender? Centre for Urban and Community Research, Goldsmiths College. PDF Download. Executive Summary:  PDF Download.

Ruffolo DV (2006). Reading Students as Queer: Disrupting (Hetero)normativity for an Equitable Future. Canadian Online Journal of Queer Studies in Education, 2(1). PDF Download.

Russell ST, Kosciw J, Horn S, Saewyc E (2010). Safe Schools Policy for LGBTQ Students. Social Policy Report, 24(4): 1-24. PDF Download.

Russell ST, Seif H, Truong NL (2001). School outcomes of sexual minority youth in the United States: evidence from a national study. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1): 111-127. Full Text N/A, PubMed Abstract.

Russell ST (2011). Challenging homophobia in schools: policies and programs for safe school climates. Educar em Revista, 39: 123-138. PDF Download.

Russell ST, Ryan C, Toomey RB, Diaz RM, Sanchez J (2011). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adolescent school victimization: implications for young adult health and adjustment. Journal of School Health, 81(5): 223-30. PDF Download. Abstract.

Russo, Pat (2004, 2006). What does it mean to teach for social justice?:  Working to Interrupt the Cycle of Oppression. Word Download.

Rye BJ, Elmslie P,  Chalmers A (2007). Meeting a transsexual person: Experience within a classroom setting. Canadian On-Line Journal of Queer Studies in Education, 3(1). PDF Download.

Saewyc EM, Poon CS, Homma Y, Skay CL (2008). Stigma management? The links between enacted stigma and teen pregnancy trends among gay, lesbian, and bisexual students in British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 17(3): 123-139. Abstract. PDF Download.

Saewyc EM, Homma Y, Skay CL, Bearinger LH, Resnick MD, Reis E (2009). Protective factors in the lives of bisexual adolescents in North America. American Journal of Public Health, 99(1): 110-7. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Saewyc E, Poon C, Wang N, Homma Y, Smith A (2007). Not Yet Equal: The Health of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth in BC. Vancouver, BC: McCreary Centre. PDF Download. Download Page.

Saewyc EM, Skay CL, Hynds P, Pettingell S, Bearinger LH, Resnick MD, Reis E (2007). Suicidal ideation and Attempts in North American School-Based Surveys: Are Bisexual Youth at Increasing Risk? Journal of LGBT Health Research, 3(2): 25-36. PDF Download.

The Safe Schools Action Team, Ontario (2008). Shaping a Culture of Respect in Our Schools: Promoting Safe and Healthy Relationships. Safe Schools Action Team Report on Gender-based Violence, Homophobia, Sexual Harassment, and Inappropriate Sexual Behaviour in Schools. PDF Download.

Safe Schools Coalition (Seattle, Washington, 1999). They Don't Even know Me! Understanding Anti-Gay Harassment and Violence in Schools. PDF Download.

Sandnabba K, Ahlberg C (1999). Parents' attitudes and expectations about children's cross-gender behavior. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, February 01. PDF Download.

Sanelli M, Perreault G (2001). "I could be anybody": Gay, lesbian, and bisexual students in U.S. schools. NASSP (National Association of Secondary School Principals) Bulletin, 85: 69-78. Full Text N/A. Abstract.

Sandfort TG, Bos HM, Collier KL, Metselaar M (2010). School environment and the mental health of sexual minority youths: a study among Dutch young adolescents. American Journal of Public Health, 100(9): 1696-1700. Abstract. PDF Download.

Sapon-Shevin, Mara (1999). Using music to teach against homophobia. In: - Queering Elementary Education: Advancing the Dialogue About Sexualities and Schooling - 1999 - by William J. Letts and  James T Sears, Eds. (Google Books) (Review) (Review). Word Download.

Satcher J, Leggett M (2007). Homonegativity among professional school counselors: an exploratory study. Professional School Counseling, 11(1): 10-16. Full Text. Full Text.

Saylor, TL (Draff, 2008). Stumbling Over Ethics: Considering Autonomy, Beneficence and Justice in Research with Queer Adolescent Participants. University of Virginia. PDF Download.

Schmitt, Ireana (2009). School policies, sexualities, and the conceptualization of young people as heteronormative. Paper presented at first Nordic conference on feminist pedagogies, Uppsala, Sweden. Word Download.

Schrader A, Wells K (2005). Queer perspectives on social responsibility in Canadian schools and libraries: Analysis and Resources. School Libraries in Canada Online, a Journal of the Canadian Association for School Libraries, 24(4). PDF Download.

Schwartz W (1994). Improving the School Experience for Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Students. ERIC Digest No. 101. ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Institute for Urban and Minority Education, Box 40, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027. PDF Download.

Shanahan N (2006). Safe at School: Gay and Lesbian Issues in the Classroom. Perspectives, 6. PDF Download.

Shariff S (2005). Cyber-dilemmas in the New Millennium: School obligations to provide student safety in a virtual school environment. McGill Journal of Education, 40(3): 467-487. PDF Download.

Simmons WS (2002). "Don’t Let Ignorance Win": Gay and Lesbian Characters in Adolescent Literature. Author Home Page.

Simpson, Joanna (2009). Everyone Belongs: A Toolkit for Applying Intersectionality. Ottawa, ON: CRIAW-ICREF. PDF Download.

Sivertsen WD, and Thames TB. Each Child That Dies: Gays and Lesbians in Your Schools. - Full Text. (Alternate link)

Skattebol J, Ferfolja T (2007). Voices from an enclave: Lesbian mothers' experiences of child care. Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 32(1): 10-18. Full Text.

Smith MU, Drake MA (2001). Suicide and Homosexual Teens: What Can Biology Teachers Do To Help?. American Biology Teacher, .63(3): 154-62. Full Text.

Smith NJ, Wright T, Reilly C, Esposito J (2008). A National Study of LGBT Educators' Perceptions of Their Workplace Climate. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, NY. PDF Download.

Sokol S, Gil Gerald & Associates' LGBT-TRISTAR Division (2009). Serving Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and/or Questioning Youth. PDF Download. Download Page.

Stapel, Christopher (2008). Queer in the Country: Postsecondary Educational Aspirations of Rural Sexual Minority Youth. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Boston, MA. Full Text.

Starfield, Amanda Louise (2008). Adult support for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and questinging (LGBTQQ) youth in high school. MSW Dissertation, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts. PDF Download. Download Page.

Steward, Karen (2002-2003). Meeting the Needs of Gay and Lesbian High School Students. Legacy, 2(1): 34-38. PDF Download.

St. Clair, (1995). Outside Looking In: Representations of Gay and Lesbian Experiences in the Young Adult Novel. The Alan Review, 23(1). Full Text.

Stufft DL, Graff CM (2011). Increasing Visibility for LGBTQ Students: What Schools Can Do To Create Inclusive Classroom Communities. Current Issues in Education, 14(1). PDF Download.

Swartz, Patti Capel (2003). Bridging multicultural education: bringing sexual orientation into the children's and young adult literature classrooms. Radical Teacher. Full Text.

Swearer SM, Turner RK, Givens JE, Pollack WS (2008). "You're So Gay!": Do Different Forms of Bullying Matter for Adolescent Males? School Psychology Review, 37(2): 160-173. PDF Download. PDF Download. Full Text.

Syracuse University Students in CFE/QSX 300 (2010, Under the direction of Elizabethe Payne). 2010 Report on Queer Youth in the Syracuse City School District. PDF Download.

Takacs J (2006). Social exclusion of young lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people in Europe. ILGA-Europe. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Tanis J, et al. (2009). Teaching Transgender. National Center for Transgender Equality. PDF Download.

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Temple JR (2005). “People Who Are Different from You”: Heterosexism in Quebec High School Textbooks. Canadian Journal of Eduation, 28(3): 271-294. PDF Download.

Temple MA, Lyde AR (1999). Preservice School Health Educators Perceptions of Homosexuality. The International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 1999; 2(4): 144-149. PDF Download.

Tharinger DJ (2008). Maintaining the Hegemonic Masculinity through Selective Attachment, Homophobia, and Gay-Baiting in Schools: Challenges to Intervention. School Psychology Review, 37(2): 221-227. PDF Download. Full Text.

Throckmorton W (2005). Sexual Orientation & Public Schools: A Balanced Approach. PDF Download.

Thurlow C (2001). Naming the "Outsider Within": Homophobic Pejoratives and the Verbal Abuse of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual High-School Pupils. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1): 25-38.  PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

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True Color, Inc. Sexual Minority Youth and Family Services (2007). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual. Transgender, Intersex, Questioning,  Ally Resource GuidePDF Download.

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Valentine, Sarah E (2008). Traditional Advocacy for Nontraditional Youth: Rethinking Best Interest for the Queer Child. Michigan State Law Review, 2008: 1053-1114. PDF Download.

van Wormer C, McKinney R (2003). What schools can do to help gay/lesbian/bisexual youth: a harm reduction approach. Adolescence, 38(151): 409-420. Full Text. PDF Download.

Walker RL (2004). “Queer”ing identity/ies: Agency and subversion in Canadian education. The Canadian Online Journal of Queer Studies in Education, 1(1). PDF ownload.

Walsh J, Symons C, Hemphill D (2007). "Getting Over It" Homophobia, sport and university education. Victoria, Australia. PDF Download.

Walker D (2008). Visioning Difference: Lesbian and Gay Experiences in Multi-Cultural Britain and The Theory and Method of Differential Oppositional Consciousness. Word Download. Schools Out Documents.

Walton G (2006). H-Cubed: A Primer on Bullying and Sexuality Diversity for Educators. Perspectives, 6(4). PDF Download.

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Warren M (2002). Seeing the Rainbow: Teachers Talk About Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, Transgender, and Two-Spirited Realities. Our Schools/Our Selves, 12(1) & Perspectives, 3. PDF Download.

Warwick I, Aggleton P, Douglas N (2001). Playing it safe: addressing the emotional and physical health of lesbian and gay pupils in the U.K. Journal of Adolescence,  24(1): 129-140. Full Text N/A, PubMed Abstract.

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Weidler, Rebecca (2011). LGBTQ Youth Experience in Schools: A Review of the Literature. PDF Download.

Weiler EM (2003). Making School Safe for Sexual Minority Students. Principal Leadership Magazine, 4(4). Full Text. PDF Download.

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Wells K (2009). Research Brief on Sexual Minority Youth Health, Wellness, and Safety Concerns. Institute for Sexual Minority Studies and Services.Faculty of Education, University of Alberta.  PDF Download.

Wells K (2008). Generation Queer: Sexual Miority Youth and Canadian Schools. Edusation Canada 48(1): 18-23. PDF Download.

Wells K (2007). Risk and Protective Factors: A Literature Review on the Impact of Homophobia on LGBTQ Youth in Canada. Prepared for the Society for Safe and Caring Schools and Communities. PDF Download.

Wells K (2003?). Resist-stance Work and Critical Social Learning: Queer Young Adults as Activist Educators for Social Justice. PDF Download.

Wells K, Tsutsumi LM (2005).Creating Safe, Caring and Inclusive Schools for LGBTQ Students: A guide for counsellors. Edmonton, Alberta: The Society for Safe and Caring Schools and Communities. PDF Download.

Wickens, Corrine Marie (2007). Queering young adult literature: examining sexual minorities in contemporary realistic fiction. PhD Dissertation, Texas A&M University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Wilber S, Ryan C, Marksamer J (2006). CWLA Best Practice Guidelines: Serving LGBT Youth in Out-of-Home Care. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America. PDF Download.

Wilkinson J, Pearson J (2009). School Culture and the Well-Being of Same-Sex-Attracted Youth. Gender & Society, 23(4): 542-568. PDF Download PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Women's Sport Foundation. An Administrator‘s Guide To Handling Anti-Gay Harassment. PDF Download.

Women's Sport Foundation. An Educator's Guide To Intervening In Anti-Gay Harassment. Full Text.

Wong-Chong, Christine (2007). The Youth Pathways Project (YPP): Young, Queer, & Homeless in Toronto. PDF Download.

Woods, Jordan Blair (2010). Gay-Straight Alliances and Sanctioning Pretextual Discrimination Under the Equal Access Act. New York University Review of Law & Social Change, 34: 373-423. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Woronoff R, Estrada R, Sommer S (2006). Out of the Margins: A Report on Regional Listening Forums Highlighting the Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Youth in Care. Washington DC, New Yorn, NY: CWLA, Inc. and Lambda Legal, Inc. PDF Download.

Wu KK, Leung EY, Leung AY (2008). A survey on Same-Sex Attraction in Secondary School Adolescents: Prevalence and Psychosocial Factors. Hong Kong Journal of Psychiatry, 18: 15-22. PDF Download.

Wyatt TJ, Oswalt SB, White C, Peterson FL (2008). Are Tomorrow’s Teachers Ready To Deal with Diverse Students? Teacher Candidates’ Attitudes toward Gay Men and Lesbians. Teacher Education Quarterly, 35(2): 171-185. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Wynne, Nora (2008). An Analysis of Student Teacher Preparation in Relation to Homophobia. Master's Dissertaton, Education, Humboldt State University. PDF Download.

Wyss, Shannon E (2004). ‘This was my hell’: the violence experienced by gender non-conforming youth in US high schools. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 17(5): 709-730. PDF Download.

Young AL, Youth Contributors (2011). Queer Youth Advice for Educators: How to Respect and Protect Your Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students. Next Generation Press. What Kids Can Do, Inc. PDF Download.

Youth Leadership and Action Program of COLAGE (Children Of Lesbians and Gays Everywhere, 2003). Tips for Making Classrooms Safer for Students with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Parents. PDF Download. Full Text.

Zacher, Elizabeth Jean (2009). School counselor perspectives on bullying behavior in urban middle school settings. MSW Dissertation, Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, Massachusetts. PDF Download. Download Page.
Homosexuality: Genetic / Learned / Other Causes:

Note: Additions to this list will initially be made on - This Web Page (End of Page) - and here about one year later.


Full Text "Feminism & Psychology (17(4), 2007) Commentaries on: Unger, Rhoda Kesler (1979). Toward a Redefinition of Sex and Gender. American Psychologist, 34(11): 1085-1094. - I. It Made Us Think Differently: Unger's `Toward a Redefinition of Sex and Gender'. - II. The Subtleties of Meaning: Still Arguing After All These Years. - III. On the Necessity of Distinguishing Between Sex and Gender.  - IV. Adding Gender to the Mix: A Commentary on `Toward a Redefinition of Sex and Gender'. - V. Feminist Questions, Feminist Answers: Towards a Redefinition. - VI. Redefinition Reviewed: What `Toward a Redefinition of Sex and Gender' Can Offer Today. - VII. Meanings of Sex and Gender for a New Generation of Feminist Psychologists. - VIII. Reconsidering `Sex' and `Gender': Two Steps Forward, One Step Back. - IX. From Sex to Gender and Back Again: Co-optation of a Feminist Language Reform. - Afterword: From Inside and Out: Reflecting on a Feminist Politics of Gender in Psychology (by Rhoda Unger).

Adams HE, Wright LW Jr, Lohr BA (1996). Is homophobia associated with homosexual arousal? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105(3): 440-5. PDF Download.  PDF Download. PDF Download

Adelman, Míriam (2000). Paradoxos da identidade: a política de orientação sexual no século XX. Revista de Sociologia e Politica, 14: 163-171. PDF Download. Google Translation.

Adriaens, Pieter R (2007+). Eros’ ambiguity An philosophical history of male love. PDF Download. Publications.

Alexandera GM, Hines M (2002). Sex differences in response to children’s toys in nonhuman primates (Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus). Evolution and Human Behavior, 23: 467-479. PDF Download.

Anderson E (2008). "Being Masculine is not About who you Sleep with...:" Heterosexual Athletes Contesting Masculinity and the One-time Rule of Homosexuality. Sex Roles, 58: 104-115. PDF Download.

Annicchiarico I (2009). Psicobiología de la homosexualidad masculina: hallazgos recientes. Universitas Psychologica [Psychobiology of Male Homosexuality: Recent Findings], 8(1). PDF Download. Google Translation.

Badgett L, Goldberg N, Sexual Minority Assessment Research Team: SMART (2009). Best Practices for Asking Questions about Sexual Orientation on Surveys. The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. PDF Download.

Bagley C, Tremblay P (1998). On the prevalence of homosexuality and bisexuality in a random community survey of 750 men aged 18 to 27. The Journal of Homosexuality, 36(2), 1-18. Full Text (Draft) PubMed Abstract.

Bailey JM, Dunne MP, Martin NG (2000). Genetic and environmental influences on sexual orientation and its correlates in an Australian twin sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(3): 524-36. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Bailey NW, Zuk M (2009). Same-sex sexual behavior and evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24(8): 439-46. PDF Download. Abstract.

Bartlett NH, Vasey PL (2006). A retrospective study of childhood gender-atypical behavior in Samoan fa'afafine. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 35(6): 659-66. PDF Download. Abstract.

Bearman PS, Bruckner H (2002). Opposite-sex twins and adolescent same-sex attraction. American Journal of Sociology 107 1179-1205.PDF For Working Paper. PDF Download. Abstract.

Beckmann Menezes, Aline (2005). Analise da investigacao dos determinantes do comportamento homossexual humano [Analysis of research into the determinants of human homosexual behavior]. PhD. Dissertation,  Universidade Federal do Para. PDF Download. Abstract.

Bem DJ (2008). Is There a Causal Link Between Childhood Gender Nonconformity and Adult Homosexuality? Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 12(1/2): 61-79. Abstract. PDF Download.

Bem DJ (2000). Exotic Becomes Erotic: Interpreting the biological correlates of sexual orientation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 29: 531-548. Full text.

Bem DJ (1998). Is EBE Theory Supported by the Evidence? Is it Androcentric? A Reply to Peplau et al. Psychological Review, 105(2), 395-8. Full text (Alternate Link).

Bem DJ (1997). Exotic Becomes Erotic: Explaining the Enigma of Sexual Orientation. Invited address presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association. Full text.

Bem DJ (1996). Exotic becomes erotic" a developmental theory of sexual orientation. Psychological Review, 103(2), 320-35. Full text (Alternate Link). - Abstracts of Bem Articles: Complete text of underlined titles are online and can be accessed directly.

Billings, Paul (1993). Genetic discrimination and behavioral genetics: The analysis of sexual orientationIntractable Neurological Disorders in Human Genome Research and Society. Proceedings of the Third International Bioethics Seminar in Fukui, 19-21 November, 1993, 35-39. Full text. Full text.

Blackwood, Evelyn (2000). Culture and Women's Sexualities. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 223–238. Full Text. Abstract.

Blanc, Marie-Ève (2005). Construction sociale des homosexualités masculines au Viet Nam. [Social contruction of male homosexualities in Vietnam]. Revue internationale des sciences sociales, 4(No. 186). Full Text. (Google Translation)

Blanchard, Ray (2004). Quantitative and theoretical analyses of the relation between older brothers and homosexuality in men. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 230: 173-187. PDF Download. Abstract.

Blanchard, Ray (2001). Fraternal Birth Order and the Maternal Immune Hypothesis of Male Homosexuality. Hormones and Behavior 40: 105-114. PDF Download. Abstract.

Blanchard, Ray (2000). Fraternal Birth Order, Maternal Immune Reactions, and Homosexuality in Men. PLS (Politics and the Life Sciences). 2: 157-179. PDF Download.

Blanchard R, Cantor JM, Bogaert AF, Breedlove SM, Ellis L (2006). Interaction of fraternal birth order and handedness in the development of male homosexuality. Hormones and Behavior, 49(3): 405-14. PDF Download. Abstract.

Bogaert, Anthony F (2003). Number of Older Brothers and Sexual Orientation: New Tests and the Attraction/Behavior Distinction in Two National Probability Samples. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(3): 644-652.  PDF Download.

Bogaert, Anthony F (2000). Birth Order and Sexual Orientation in a National Probability Sample. The relations between birth order and sexual orientation in both men and women were examined in a national probability sample of the United States.  Journal of Sex Research, 37(3): 361-68. Full Text. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents). Wikipedia: Fraternal birth order and male sexual orientation.

Boswell J (1989). Revolutions, Universals, and Sexual Categories. In Duberman M, Vicinus M, and Chauncey G Jr., Eds. Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past. New York: Meridian. - Full Text.

Bradley SJ, Oliver GD, Chernick AB, and Zucker KJ (1998).  Experiment of Nurture: Ablatio Penis at 2 Months, Sex Reassignment at 7 Months, and a Psychosexual Follow-up in Young Adulthood, Pediatrics, 102(1). Full Text. PDF Download.

Brickell, Chris (2003+). The Social Constructionisms of Gender and Sexuality. Word Download.

Broeck, Shannon R (2005). Categories of Gender & Sexuality: Exploring the Relationship between Language and the Formation of Non-Heteronormative Identities. Honors Thesis, University of California, San Diego. PDF Download. Download Page.

Brookey, Robert Alan (2001). Bio-Rhetoric, Background Beliefs, and the Biology of Homosexuality. Argumentation and Advocacy, 37(4): 171. Full Text.

Brooks, Ross (2004). The desire and pursuit of the whole: Testosterone, perceived dominance, and sexual preference in men. Full Text. PDF Download.

Bryson M, de Castell S (1993). Queer Pedagogy: Praxis Makes Im/Perfect. Canadian Journal of Education / Revue canadienne de l'éducation, 18(3): 285-305. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Bubela TM, Caulfield TA (2004). Do the print media "hype" genetic research? A comparison of newspaper stories and peer-reviewed research papers. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 170(9):1399-407. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Bucholtz M, Hall K (2004). Theorizing identity in language and sexuality research. Language in Society (2004), 33: 469-515. PDF Download.

Burri AV, Spector TD (2008). The Genetics of Female Sexual Behavior. Sexuality, Reproduction and Menopause, 6(2). PDF Download.

Byrd AD, Olsen S (2002). Homosexuality: Innate and Immutable? Regent University Law Review, 14(2): 513-54. PDF Download. PDF Download. Declaration of A Dean Byrd.

Cáceres CF, Konda1 K, Segura1 ER, Lyerla R (2008). Epidemiology of male same-sex behaviour and associated sexual health indicators in low- and middle-income countries: 2003-2007 estimates. Sexually Transmiyyed Infections, 84: i49-i56. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

Cambell J, l'Anson C (2007). Beyond Gender Essentialism and the Social Construction of Gender: Redefining the Conception of Gender through a Reinvestigation of Transgender Theory. International studies in philosophy, 39(1): 19-30. PDF Download. Download Page.

Campbell J, I'Anson C (2005). Beyond Gender Essentialism and the Social Construction of Gender: Redefining the Conception of Gender through a Reinvestigatoin of Transgender Theory. Paper Presented at the S.W.A.P. Conference for Topics of Diversity in Philosophy. PDF Download. Full text.

Camperio-Ciani A, Corna F, Capiluppi C (2004). Evidence for maternally inherited factors favouring male homosexuality and promoting female fecundity. Proceedings, Biological Sciences / The Royal society, 271(1554): 2217-21. Abstract. PDF Download PDF Download PDF Download

Camperio-Ciani A, Cermelli P, Zanzotto G (2008). Sexually antagonistic selection in human male homosexuality. PLoS One, 18;3(6): e2282. PubMed Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Cardoso FL (2008). O conceito de orientação sexual na encruzilhada entre sexo, gênero e motricidade [The concept of sexual orientation at the crossroads between sex, gender, and motricity]. Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 42(1): 69-79. PDF Download. Google Translation.

Carolan B (1999). An Army of Lovers? Queering the Ministry of Defense Report of the Homosexual Policy Assessment Team. Tulsa Law Journal, 34(3): 555-566.  PDF Download.

Chandra A, Mosher WD, Copen C, Sionean C (2011). Sexual behavior, sexual attraction, and sexual identity in the United States: data from the 2006-2008 National Survey of Family Growth. National Health Statistics Report, (36):1-36. Hyattsville, MD: Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. PDF Download.

Chiang, Howard Hsueh-Hao (2009). Homosexual Behavior in the United States, 1988-2004: Quantitative Empirical Support for the Social Construction Theory of Sexuality. Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality, 12. Full Text.

Clark JL, Caceres CF, Lescano AG, Konda KA, Leon SR, Jones FR, Kegeles SM, Klausner JD, Coates TJ; NIMH STD/HIV Collaborative Prevention Trial (2007). Prevalence of same-sex sexual behavior and associated characteristics among low-income urban males in Peru. PLoS One, 22;2(1): e778. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Condit C (2004). Science reporting to the public: does the message get twisted? CMAJ, 170(9) :1415-6.  PDF Download.

Cvorovic J (2006). Nonhuman Primates Homosexual Behavior: A Critical Review of Literature. Antropologija (2): 7-17. PDF Download.

Davis D (2008+). Religion, Genetics, and Sexual Orientation: A First Cut. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal (in press). PDF Download.

Davo MC, Ivarez-Dardet C (2003). El genoma y sus metáforas. ¿Detectives, héroes o profetas? [The genome and its metaphors. Detectives, heroes or prophets?]. Gaceta Sanitaria, 17(1): 59-65. PDF Download. Google Translation.

Dawood K, Pillard RC, Horvath C, Revelle W, Bailey JM (2000). Familial aspects of male homosexuality. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 29(2): 155-63. PubMed Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

de Block A, Adriaens PR (2004). Darwinizing sexual ambivalence: a new evolutionary hypothesis of male homosexuality. Philosophical Psychology, 17(1): 59-76. PDF Download. Publications.

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Vanderlaan, Doug P (2007). Elucidating the origins of heterosexual sex differences in mating psychology by examining the behaviour of homosexual men and women. Master's Dissertation, University of Lethbridge. PDF Download. Download Page.

van Zyl, Susan (2003). The` genes’ talk back: two and a bit takes on the origins of homosexuality. On The Subject of Sex & The Body Seminar Series (in collaboration with the Graduate School for the Humanities and the School of Arts). Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WISER), The University of Witwatersrand. PDF Download. Download Page.

Vasey PL, VanderLaan DP (2007). Birth order and male androphilia in Samoan fa'afafine. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 274: 1437-1442. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Veniegas RC, Conley TD (2000). Biological Research on Women's Sexual Orientations: Evaluating the Scientific Evidence. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 267-282 . Full Text.

Vrangalova Z, Savin-Williams RC (2010). Correlates of same-sex sexuality in heterosexually identified young adults. Journal of Sex Research, 47(1): 92-102. Full Text.

Weber Shannon (2009). Beyond 'I Can't Help It": Biological Determinisn in American Politics and Possibilities for Agency. Paper, in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelors of Arts with Honor Program in Critical Social Thought, Faculty of Mount Holyoke College. PDF Download

Weir DH (2002). An Odyssey of Sexual/Gender Evolution: An Autoethnographical Study of the United States from the 1950s to the Present. PhD Dissertation. Maimonides University. PDF Download

Werner Dennis (1998). Sobre a evolução e variação cultural na homossexualidade masculina. In Joana Maria Pedro e Miriam Pillar Grossi (orgs). Masculino, Feminino Plural. Florianópolis: ed. Mulheres, 99-129. Internet Availability of the English translation of "On the Evolution and Cross-Cultural Variation in Male Homosexuality." Full Text.  Full Text. New Home Page.

Whitehead NE (2007). An antiboy antibody? Re-examination of the maternal immune hypothesis. Journal of Biosocial Science, 39(6): 905-21. PDF Download. PubMed abstract.

Wilkins As (1993). Jurassic Park and the "Gay Gene": The new genetics seen through the distorting lens of the media. The FASEB Journal, 7: 1203-1204. PDF Download.

Wilson, Glenn (2010). Born Gay? The origins of sexual orientation. Lecture, Museum of London. The lecture is a part of the series, The Psychology of Mating and Dating. Transcript.

Wu KK, Leung EY, Leung AY (2008). A survey on Same-Sex Attraction in Secondary School Adolescents: Prevalence and Psychosocial Factors. Hong Kong Journal of Psychiatry, 18: 15-22. PDF Download.

Wunsch, Serge (2007). Rôle et importance des processus de renforcement dans l'apprentissage du comportement de reproduction chez l'homme. [Evolution from mammalian heterosexual reproductive behavior to human erotic bisexuality.] PhD Dissertation, Neurosciences Intégratives, L'École Pratique des Hautes Études. Full Text.

Zietsch BP, Morley KI, Shekar SN, Eaves LK, Verweij KJH, Keller MC, Macgregor S, Wright MJ, Bailey JM, Martin NG (2008). Genetic factors predisposing to homosexuality may increase mating success in heterosexuals. Evolution and Human Behavior, 29: 424-433. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download

Zolna, Ben (2009?). The Quandary of Homosexuality: Yet Another Unexplained Hole in Darwinian Evolutionary Theory. In: Karthik Panchanathan, Ed. The Science of Fiction: Evolutionary Explanations of Hypothetical Human Behavior - Volume 1: 31-38. PDF Download.

Ethnic Minority Sexual Minorities:

Note: Additions to this list will initially be made on - This Web Page (End of Page) - and here about one year later.


Psychological Perspectives On Sexual Orientation in Communities of Color (APA, 2007): In this Special Section, we are pleased to present a series of brief articles/essays that examine, through a psychological prism, the meaning and challenges of sexual orientation in communities of color. Specifically we seek to promote better understanding of the cultural variations in both the meaning given to lesbian and gay status, and the unique issues confronting both ethnic minority communities related to sexual orientation,and lesbian and gay persons of color.
Contents: - Introduction. - Overview: Lesbians and Gay Men of Color: Between the Rock of Ethnoracial Identity and the Hard Place of Heterosexism. - Latino Perspectives on Sexual Orientation: The Desire ThatWe Do No Dare to Name. - Challenges to Healthy African American Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Transgender Status. - HIV In Asian and Pacific Islander MSM In The U. S. - Young Men of Color Who Have Sex with Men: HIV: Epidemiology and Considerations for Prevention. - Homophobia/Heterosexism In Communities of Color. - Hate Crimes Targeting Race and Sexual Minorities:Same and Different.


Hawkeswood, William G (1996). One of the Children: Gay Black Men in Harlem. Berkeley:  University of California Press. Free Full Text.

Australian Critical Race and Whiteness Studies e-jounal, Volume 2, Number 2: Special Issue: Queer Race. Edited by Damien W. Riggs. Editorial: PDF Download. Download Page. - Articles: Donna McCormack: 'Dreaming Across the Sea': Queer Postcolonial Belonging in Shani Mootoo's Novels. Abstract. PDF Download.  - Gilbert Caluya: The (Gay) Scene of Racism: Face, Shame, and Gay Asian Males Abstract. PDF Download. - Elaine Laforteza: What a Drag! Filipina/White Australian Relations in The Adventures of Priscilla Queen of the Desert. Abstract. PDF Download. - Alan Han: I Think You're the Smartest Race I've Ever Met: Racialised Economies of Queer Desire. Abstract. PDF Download. - Nicholas Birns: 'The Earth's Revenge': Nature, Diaspora, and Transfeminism in Larissa Lai's Salt Fish Girl. Abstract. PDF Download.  - Acknowledgments PDF Download.


Abdur-Rahman, Aliyyah I. (2006). 'The Strangest Freaks of Despotism': Queer Sexuality in Antebellum African American Slave Narratives. African American Review, 40(2): 223-237. Full Text.

Agyemang S, Wallace BC, Liebman RE (2008). An Exploratory Internet Study of Black Men on the Down Low: Potential Factors Related to Non-Disclosure to Female Partners and Inconsistent Condom Use for Black Men who Have Sex with Men and Women (MSMW). The Journal of Equity in Health, 1(1): 79-97. PDF Download. Download Page.

Akerlund M, Cheun M (2000). Teaching beyond the Deficit Model: Gay and Lesbian Issues among African Americans, Latinos, and Asian Americans. Journal of Social Work Education, 36(2): 279-.  PDF Download. PDF Download.

Alaers, Jill (2010). Two-Spirited People and Social Work Practice: Exploring the History of Aboriginal Gender and Sexual Diversity. Critical Social Work, 11(1). Full Text.

Alexander, William H (2004). Homosexual and Racial Identity Conflicts and Depression Among African-American Gay Males. Trotter Review, 16(1): Article 8. PDF Download.

Almaguer, Tomas (2006). Chicano Men: A Cartography of Homosexual Identity and Behavior.  475-486. In: MS KImmel & MA Messner, Eds. Men's Lives. Fourth Edition. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. PDF Download.

Almeida J, Johnson RM, Corliss HL, Molnar BE, Azrael D (2009). Emotional distress among LGBT youth: the influence of perceived discrimination based on sexual orientation. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(7): 1001-14. Abstract. PDF Download.

Ambrosio, Cinzia (2008). Empowering Ourselves, Empowering Our Communities: A History of the AGMC. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 4(1): 7-8. PDF Download. Download Page.

American Psychological Association (2007). Psychological Perspectives On Sexual Orientation in Communities of Color. Intorduction. - Overview: Lesbians and Gay Men of Color — Between the Rock of Ethnoracial Identity and the Hard Place of Heterosexism (Beverly Greene). - Latino Perspectives on Sexual Orientation: The Desire That We Do No Dare to Name (José Toro-Alfonso) - Challenges to Healthy African American Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Transgender Status (Reginald Nettles) - HIV In Asian and Pacific Islander MSM In The U. S. (Frank Y. Wong) - Young Men of Color Who Have Sex with Men: HIV Epidemiology and Considerations for Prevention (Hank Tomlinson) - Homophobia/Heterosexism In Communities of Color (Beverly Greene) - Hate Crimes Targeting Race and Sexual Minorities: Same and Different (Edward Dunbar). PDF Download.

Anderson, Eric (2003). Comparing the Black & Gay Athlete: Patterns in Oppression. PDF Download. Full Text.

Anderson E, McCormack M (2010). Intersectionality, critical race theory, and American sporting oppression: examining black and gay male athletes. Journal of Homosexuality, 57(8): 949-67. PDF Download. Abstract. PDF Download.

Armengol Carrera, José María (2006). Gendering Men: Theorizing Masculinities in American Culture and Literature. PhD Dissertation, University of Barcelona. Download Page.

Arora, Kulvinder (2006). The Mythology of Female Sexuality: Alternative Narratives of Belonging. Women: a cultural review, 17(2): 220-250. PDF Download.

Arreola SG, et al. (2005). Higher prevalence of childhood sexual abuse among Latino men who have sex with men than non-Latino men who have sex with men: Data from the Urban Men’s Health Study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29: 285–290. PDF Download.

Arriola, Elvia R (1998). Respiro Lubre: Coming Home to a Latina Lesbian Self: Race and Sexual Orientation in Legal Scholarship. Full Text.

Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations (AFAO, 1998). National Indigenous Gay and Transgender Consultation Report and Sexual Health Strategy. PDF DownloadPDF Download.

Avivi, Yamil (2011). Room for variation? The experience of Colombian gay asylum seekers and asylees in Miami. Sociedad y Economía, 11. PDF DownloadDownload Page.

Ayres, Tony (2000). Sexual Identity and Cultural Identity: A Crash Course. In Helen Gilbert, Tseen Khoo and Jacqueline Lo (eds), Diaspora: Negotiating Asian Australia: Journal of Australian Studies no 65, St Lucia, UQP, 2000. Full Text. PDF Download.

Badgett MVL, Gary Gates G, Saunders L (2005). Double Disadvantage? African American Same-Sex Couples: Evidence from Census 2000. Draft. PDF Download.

Baird BJ (2005). ‘Kerryn and Jackie: Thinking Historically about Lesbian Marriages’. Australian Historical Studies, 36(126): 253-271. PDF Download.

Baldwin GR (2003). What a difference a gay makes: queering the magic negro. Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, 5.  Full Text.

Basilio, Camille (2010). Community definition and benefits: Perspectives from African American lesbians. Master's Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach. Abstract and Download.

Battle J, Bennet M (2000). Research on Lesbian and Gay Populations Within the African American Community: What Have We Learned? Perspectives, Spring/Summer.  PDF Download.

Battle J, Bennett N, Shaw TC (2004). From The Closet to a Place at The Table: Past, Present, and Future Assessments of Social Science  Research on Black Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations. Perspectives, Spring/Summer: 9-26. PDF Download.

Battle J, Cohen CJ, Warren D, Fergerson G, Audam S: NGLTF (2002). Say It Loud: I'm Black and I'm Proud. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Bersten, Rosanne (2008). Marginalia: living on the edge. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 4(1): 9-18. PDF Download. Download Page.

Bhattar RG, Victoria NA (2007). Rainbow Rice: A Dialogue between Two Asian American Gay Men in Higher Education and Student Affairs. The Vermont Connection, 28: 39-50. PDF Download.

Blackburn MV, McCready LT (2009). Voices of Queer Youth in Urban Schools: Possibilities and Limitations. Theory Into Practice, 48(3): 222-230. PDF Download.

Boarts, Jessica M (2008). Psychological Predictors of Health Risk Behaviors in Minority Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Adolescents. PhD Dissertation, Department of Psychology, Kent State University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Bond L, Wheeler DP, Millett GA, LaPollo AB, Carson LF, Liau A (2009). Black men who have sex with men and the association of down-low identity with HIV risk behavior. American Journal of Public Health, 9 Suppl 1:S92-5. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

Broodram C (2003). Building the Links: The Intersection of Race and Sexual Orientation. Prepared by: Chris Boodram, With contributions from Wayne van der Meide, Kim Vance, John Fisher, Fiona Meyer Cook, Anthony Mohamed, and Lisa Lachance (collectively the Egale Canada Building the Links organising committee).  (A Research Paper prepared for EGALE Canada) (Full Text)  Not available in French or Spanish.

Brown, Clarence, E (2008). Racism in the Gay Community and Homophobia in the Black Community: Negotiating The Gay Black Male Experience. MS Thesis, Sociology: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. PDF. Download Page.

Brown III, William (2003). Discrimination Dot Com: Racially biased interaction in the online gay male community. McNair Scholars Journal of the University of California, Davis, 6. PDF.

Bryant L, Bowman L (2011). The Role of Spirituality in the Lives of Black Same Gender Loving Men at Midlife. Paper presented at the 2011 Adult Education Research Conference (AERC). PDF Download.

Buchting, Francisco O (2008). Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, and Transgenders of Color Sampling Methodology" Strategies for Collecting Data in Small, Hidden, or Hard-to-Reach Groups To Reduce Tobacco-Related Health Disparities. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Burton E, McLeod L (2011). Under One Sky: A Bristol LGB Forum report on the experiences and needs of Lesbian Gay and Bisexual people from Black and Other Minority Ethnic and Faith communities, in Bristol. Bristol, England: Bristol LGB Forum. PDF Download.

Caluya, Gilbert (2006). The (Gay) Scene of Racism: Face, Shame and Gay Asian Males. ACRAWSA e-journal, 2(2). Australian Critical Race and Whiteness Studies Association. PDF Download.

Castro, Daniel (2010). Stigma and disclosure issues experienced by older gay Latino men living with HIV/AIDS. Master's Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach. PDF Download. Abstract and Download Page

Chambers CR (2007). "Thank God I’m Gay!": Refining Black Identity and Homosexual Identity in the Documentary, "Gay Rights, Special Rights". Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 93rd Annual Convention, TBA, Chicago, IL. Full Text.

Chang-Ross, Aurora (2010). Racial Queer: Multiracial College Students at the Intersection of Identity, Education and Agency. PhD Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin. Abstract and Download.

Chang S, Apostle D (2008). Recommendations from the AGMC Conference, 2004. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 4(1): 56-60. PDF Download. Download Page.

Chavez CA (2003). Homophobia, Hate Crimes, and Victimization in Racial and Ethnic Communities of Color. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta, GA. Full Text.

Cheng PS (2012). Homophobia and the Gender Anxieties of Asian American Conservative Christian Male Pastors and Lay Leaders. Paper presented as a part of the Asian North American Religion, Culture, and Society (ANARCS) Group panel on “Asian North American ‘Conservative’ Christian Communities, Masculinities, and Gender Issues.”. PDF Download.

Cheng, Patrick S (2004). Jesus, Mary, and the Beloved Disciple: Towards a Queer Asian Pacific American Christology. PDF Download.

Cheng, Patrick S (2003). Kuan Yin: Mirror of the Queer Asian Christ. PDF Download.

Cheng, Patrick S (2002). Multiplicity And Judges 19: Constructing A Queer Asian Pacific American Biblical Hermeneutic. Semeia (90/91): 119–33. PDF Download.

Cheng, Patrick S (2000). Liberation from Silence: A Response to Queer Asian American Suffering. Full Text N/A.

Chin JJ, Leung M, Sheth L, Rodriguez TR (2007). Let's not ignore a growing HIV problem for Asians and Pacific Islanders in the U.S. Journal of Urban Health, 4(5): 642-647. PDF Download.

Chin TS (1997). "BULLERS" AND "BATTYMEN"  Contesting Homophobia in Black Popular Culture and Contemporary Caribbean Literature. Callaloo 20(1), 127-141. Full text N/A.

Choudhuri, Sucheta Mallick (2009). Transgressive territories: queer space in Indian fiction and film. PhD. Dissertation, University of Iowa. PDF Download.

Chung C, Kim A, Lemeshewsky AK (Eds. 1987). Between the Lines: An Anthology by Pacific/Asian Lesbians of Santa Cruz, California. Dancing Bord Press: Santa Cruz, CA.  PDF Download.

Cintron R, Owens T, Cintron M (2007). Health, Culture, HIV/AIDS, and Latino/a College Students. NASPA Journal, 44(1): 84-100. PDF Download.

Cober, Rob (2004). Cultured borders, bordering cultures: lesbian/gay culture, the Australian multiculturalism paradigm and ‘the nations’. Word Is Out. PDF Download

Cochran SD, Mays VM (1988). Epidemiologic and Sociocultural Factors in the Transmission of HIV Infection in Black Gay and Bisexual Men. In M. Shernoff & W.A. Scott (Eds.). The Sourcebook On Lesbian/Gay Health Care: 2002-11. Washington D.C.: National Gay and Lesbian Health Foundation. PDF Download.

Cochran SD, Mays VM, Alegria M, Ortega AN, Takeuchi D (2007). Mental health and substance use disorders among Latino and Asian American lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 75(5): 785–794. Full Text.

Cools, Janice (1998). The (Re) Construction of African-American Masculinity -- Homosexuality. African American Male Research, 3(1). Full Text.

Coronado, Ramon (2009). Gay Latino men and their fathers: A qualitative study on their relationship. Master's Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach. PDF Download. Abstract and Download.

Crawford I, Allison KW, Zamboni BD, Soto T (2002). The influence of dual-identity development on the psychosocial functioning of African-American gay and bisexual men.  Journal of Sex Research, 39(3): 179-89. Full Text. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents) (PubMed Abstract). PDF Download.

Dang A, Hu M (2005). Asian Pacific American Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender People: A Community Portrait. A Report From New York's Queer Asian Pacific Legacy Conference, 2004. National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute. PDF Download.

Dang A, Vianney C (2007). Living in the margins: A national survey of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender Asian and Pacific Islander Americans. New York: National Gay & Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute. Executive Summary. PDF Download: Full Report. Alain Dang.

Dariotis, Wei Ming (2007). "My race, too, is queer": queer mixed heritage Chinese Americans fight for marriage equality. Chinese America: History and Perspectives, Annual. Full Text. Full Text.

das Nair R (2005). Metaminorities and Mental Health: A model of vulnerability for Black and Minority Ethnic Queer Folk  Paper presented at the 2nd Global Conference in Critical Issues in Sex and Sexuality, Vienna. PDF Download

Davidson MM, Huenefeld N (2002). Struggling with two identities: the case of Eileen. Career Development Quarterly, 50(4). Full Text.

Della B, Wilson M, Lin Miller R (2002). Strategies for Managing Heterosexism Used among African American Gay and Bisexual Men.  Journal of Black Psychology, 28(4): 371-391. PDF Download.

Delucio, Kevin (2010). Challenging Silences, Creating Visibility: Queer Latino Self-Identity Negotiation and Community Formation. Bachelor's Honors Dissertation, Williams College. PDF Download.

Diaz, Elizabeth Maria (2010). Demographic differences in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth's participation in school-based gay-straight alliances in the United States. Master's Dissertation, George Washington University. Abstract & Download. - Note: "Black and Latino/a youth were less likely than White youth, and males were less likely than female or transgender youth to participate in their school's GSA. Findings highlight a need for further research examining barriers to GSA participation."

Diaz RM, Ayala G (2001). Social discrimination and health: The case of Latino gay men and HIV risk. National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. Downlaod Page. PDF Download.

Diaz RM, Ayala G (1999). Love, passion and rebellion: ideologies of HIV risk among Latino gay men in the USA. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 1(3): 277-293. PDF Download.

Diaz RM, Ayala G, Bein E, Henne J, Marin BV (2001). The impact of homophobia, poverty, and racism on the mental health of gay and bisexual Latino men: findings from 3 US cities. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6): 927-32. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Diehl HA (2004). Beyond The Silk Road: Staging a queer Asian America in Chay Yew's Procelain. Studies in the Literary Imagination, 37(1). Full Text.

DiPillo SL (2009). Identity Among Black Gay Men: The Relationship Between Racial and Sexual Orientation Identity Development. Master's Dissertation, Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, Massachusetts. PDF Download. Download Page.

Dodge B, William L. Jeffries WL, IV, and Theo G. M. Sandfort TGM (2008). Beyond the Down Low: Sexual Risk, Protection, and Disclosure Among At-Risk Black Men Who Have Sex with Both Men and Women (MSMW). Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37(5): 683–696. Full Text.

Dolezal C, Carballi-Dieguez (2002). Childhood sexual experiences and the perception of abuse among Latino men who have sex with men. Journal of Sex Research, 39(3): 165-73. Full Text. (Journal of Sex Research) (PubMed Abstract)

Dong, Lan (2004). Diverse Identities in Interracial Relationships: A Multiethnic Interpretation of Mississippi Masala and The Wedding Banquet. Xchanges, 4(1). Full Text.

Dorsainvil Monique (2009). Resisting the Margins: Black Lesbian Self-Definition and Epistemology. Bachelor of Arts with Honors' Dissertation, Faculty of Emory College of Arts and Sciences of Emory University. PDF Download.

Drummond, Murray JN (2005). Asian gay men's bodies. Journal of Men's Studies, 13. Full Text.

Dunbar E (2007). Hate Crimes Targeting Race and Sexual Minorities: Same and Different. In: August 2007 Communiqué, Special Section: Psychological Perspectives On Sexual Orientation in Communities of Color. PDF Download.

Easton, Marlaina (2010). Resisting Multiple Oppressions: An African American Lesbian's Counter-Narrative. PhD. Dissertation, Union Institute and University. Read Online.

Eguchi, Shinsuke (2011). Cross-National Identity Transformation: Becoming a Gay ‘Asian-American’ Man. Sexuality and Culture, 15: 19-40. PDF Download.

Eisenberg, Daniel (1996). Research Topics in Hispanic Gay and Lesbian Studies. Full Text.

Elford J, McKeown E, Doerner R, Nelson S, Low N, Anderson J (2010). Sexual health of ethnic minority MSM in Britain (MESH project): design and methods. BMC Public Health. 10: 419. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Eng, David L (1994). Primal Glances: Race and Psychoanalysis in Lonny Kaneko's "The Shoyu Kid". HMC: A Journal of Asian American Cultural Criticism, 1(2). Full Text.

Espinoza, Robert (2008). Building Communities: Autonomous Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer People of Color Organizations in the U.S.. Funders for Lesbian and Gay Issues: Enterprise Press. PDF Dowbload. Download Page.

Ferguson, Angela (2006). Intersections of Identity: Navigating the Complexities. Forum on Public Policy. PDF Dowbload.

Ford CL, Whetten KD, Hall SA, Kaufman JS, Thrasher AD (2007). Black sexuality, social construction, and research targeting 'The Down Low' ('The DL'). Annals of Epidemiology, 17(3): 209-16. Abstract. PDF Download.

Forstater, Mathew (2002). Queer black marxist feminist political economy in a white-supremacist heterosexist-homophobic capitalist patriarchy: Rhonda M. Williams on method, history, theory, and policy. The Review of Black Political Economy, 29(4): 43-51. PDF Download.

Frye V, Latka MH, Koblin B, Halkitis PN, Putnam S, Galea S, Vlahov D (2006). The urban environment and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men. Journal of Urban Health, 83(2): 308-24. PDF Download.

Fung, Eileen Chia-Ching (2010). Deconstructing the "Butterfly": Teaching David Henry Hwang’s M. Butterfly in Cultural and Socio-political Contexts. Asian American Literature: Discourses and Pedagogies, 1: 16-26. PDF Download.

Fung, Richard (1991). Looking for my Penis. In: Bad Object-choices (Eds). How Do I Look? Queer Film & Video, 145-168. Seattle: Bay Press. Full Text.

Gates G, Lau H, Sears RB (2006). Asians and Pacific Islanders in Same-Sex Couples in the United States: Data from Census 2000. Amerasia Journal, 32(1): 15-32. Abstract. PDF (2005 version)

Gaytan N, Goode Maralá (2011). Latina Portrait: Domestic Violence and Latinas. Chicago: Mujeres Latinas en Acción. PDF Download.

Géliga-Vargas, Jesús A (1999). Ethnic identity, gay identity and sexual sensation seeking: HIV risk-taking predictors among men of color who have sex with men. Master's Dissertation, University of North Texas. PDF Download. Download Page.

Gipson, L Michael (2002). Poverty, Race and LGBT Youth. Poverty & Race, 11(2): 1-5, 11. PDF Download.

Glick SN, Golden MR (2010). Persistence of racial differences in attitudes toward homosexuality in the United States. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 55(4): 516-23. Abstract. PDF Download.

González, M Alfredo (2007). Latinos on DA Down Low: The Limitations of Sexual Identity in Public Health. Latino Studies, 5: 25-52. PDF Download.

Gopalkrishnan, Carl (2000). A Sociological Analysis of Gay Racism and Its Affect on Asian Men in HIV Social Research in Australia. Master's Dissertation, Department of Sociology, School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Murdoch University.
(Alternate Link, Murdoch University).

Graham LF, Aronson RE, Nichols T, Stephens CF, Rhodes SD (2011). Factors Influencing Depression and Anxiety among Black Sexual Minority Men. Depression, Research and Treatment, Online First. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Gray, Sally (2007). [You make me Feel] Mighty Real - David McDiarmid’s art and the space within [the] House. Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries Conference, UTS 2007. PDF Download

Greene B (2007). Homophobia/Heterosexism In Communities of Color. In: August 2007 Communiqué, Special Section: Psychological Perspectives On Sexual Orientation in Communities of Color. PDF Download.

Greene B (2007). Overview: Lesbians and Gay Men of Color - Between the Rock of Ethnoracial Identity and the Hard Place of Heterosexism. In: August 2007 Communiqué, Special Section: Psychological Perspectives On Sexual Orientation in Communities of Color. PDF Download

Greene, Beverly (2000). African American Lesbian and Bisexual Women. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 239-249. Full Text.

Greene B (1994). Ethnic-Minority Lesbian and Gay Men: Mental Health and Treatment Issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62(2): 243-51. PDF Download.

Gwadz MV, Clatts MC, Yi H, Leonard NR, Goldsamt L, Lankenau S (2006). Resilience Among Young Men Who Have Sex With Men in New York City. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 3(1): 13-21. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Halkitis PN, Jerome RC (2008). A comparative analysis of methamphetamine use: black gay and bisexual men in relation to men of other races. Addictive Behaviors, 33(1): 83-93. PubMed abstract. PDF Download.

Han, Alan (2006). I think you're the smartest race I've ever met: raciaised economies or queer desire. ACRAWSA e-journal, 2(2). Australian Critical Race and Whiteness Studies Association. PDF Download.

Han C-s (2009). I Know a Lot of Gay Asian Men Who are Actually Tops. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA. Full TextPDF.

Han C-s (2007). They Don’t Want To Cruise Your Type: Gay Men of Color and the Racial Politics of Exclusion. Social Identities, 13(1): 51-67. PDF Download N/A.  Abstract.

Han C-s, Proctor K, Choi K-H (2007)Margins Upon Margins: Managing the Stigma of Race and Sexuality. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, New York City.  Full Text.

Han, Chong-suk (2005). Gay Asian-American male seeks home. The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide, 12(5): 35-36. Full Text.

Harawa NT, Williams JK, Ramamurthi HC, Manago C, Avina S, Jones M (2008). Sexual Behavior, Sexual Identity, and Substance Abuse Among Low-Income Bisexual and Non-Gay-Identifying African American Men Who Have Sex with Men. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37(5): 748–762. Full Text.

Harper PB (1995). Walk-On Parts and Speaking Subjects: Screen Representations Of Black Gay Men. Callaloo 18(2), 390-394. Full Text N/A. Excerpt.

Hasten, Lauren W (1998). In Search of the "Berdache": Multiple Genders and Other Myths. Paper presented at the "Sex On The Edge" Conference, October, Montreal, Canada. Full Text.

Herek G, Gonzalkez-Rivera M (2006). Attitudes toward homosexuality among U.S. Residents of mexican descent. Journal of Sex Research, 43(2): 122-35. PDF Download.

Hill, LaToya Cherie (2006). The racial and sexual identity development of African American gay, lesbian and bisexual students at a religiously affiliated Historically Black University. PhD Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin. PDF Download. Download Page.

HIV Endemic Task Force (HETF, Toronto, Canada, 2001). Summary report of the Community Forum "For Us, By Us, About Us:: An Opportunity for African and Carribean Communities to Address the Issues of HIV/AIDS Related Stgma and Denial. PDF Download.

Hogan, Kristen (2010). "Breaking Secrets" in the Catalog: Proposing the Black Queer Studies Collection at the University of Texas at Austin. Braverman Essay. Progressive Librarian #34-35. PDF Download.

Hucks, Tonya Camille (2004). Racial and Sexual Orientation Identity and Social Support as Predictors of Sexual Risk-Taking Behavior Among African-American Men Who Have Sex With Men. PhD. Dissertation, Arts and Sciences, Psychology, University of Cincinnati. PDF Download. Download Page.

Hunter MA (2010). All the Gays Are White and All the Blacks Are Straight: Black. Gay Men, Identity and Community. Sexuality Research & Social Policy 7(2): 81-92. PDF Download.

Hunter MA (2006). Negotiating Stigmas: Black Gay Males Reconciling Race and Sexuality. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Full Text.

Husbands W, et al. (2009). MaBwana: Health, Community and Vulnerability to HIV among African, Caribbean and Black Gay and Bisexual Men in Toronto. Toronto, Ontario: The African and Caribbean Council on HIV/AIDS in Ontario (ACCHO) and the AIDS Committee of Toronto. PDF Download. Related PPT Presentation. Follow-up event (2010): Ontario Black Gay Men's Summit--Cultures of Sexuality and Black Men's Health. - Related: Shimeles H, et al (2010). African, Caribbean and Black Communities in Canada: A Knowledge Synthesis Paper for the CIHR Social Research Centre in HIV Prevention. Toronto, Ontario: The Social Research Centre in HIV Prevention. PDF Download.  Related: Norsah K (2010). Keep It Alive: Social Policies and Programs for African Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) in Toronto, Ontario. <pmtreal: Mcill University, School of Social Work. PDF Download.

Hurley M (2003). Then and Now: Gay Men and HIV. The Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health & Society, La Trobe University. PDF Download.

Hutchinson, Earl Ofari (1997, 1999). My Gay Problem, Your Black ProblemIn: Devon Carbado,  Ed. Black Men on Race, Gender and Sexuality:  A Critical Reader: 303-305. New York: New York University Press (Table of Contents). Part 1. Part 2.

Hutson B (2009). The "coming out" challenge: African American lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender professionals are trying to gain more ground in corporate America, but unchecked discrimination still exists. Black Enterprise, November. Full Text. Full Text.

Jackson, Peter A (2000). 'That's what rice queens study!' White gay desire and representing Asian homosexualities. Journal of Australian Studies, 65 (June 2000): 181-88, 238.  PDF Download.

Jamil, Omar B (2010). I am the melting pot: Multiple identity integration among gay/bisexual/questioning male ethnic minority adolescents. Theses and Dissertations. Paper 68. PhD Dissertation, DePaul University. PDF Download.

Jamil OB, Harper GW, Fernandez MI; Adolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (2009). Sexual and ethnic identity development among gay-bisexual-questioning (GBQ) male ethnic minority adolescents. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 15(3): 203-14. PDF Download. Abstract.

Jaspal, Rusi (2010). Identity threat among British Muslim gay men. To be pubished in The Psychologist. PDF Download. Download Page.

Jaspal R, Siraj A (2011). Perceptions of ‘coming out’ among British Muslim gay men. Psychology & Sexuality, 2(3): 183-197. PDF Download.

Jaspal R, Cinnirella M (In press, 2010)Coping with potentially incompatible identities: accounts of religious, ethnic and sexual identities from British Pakistani men who identify as Muslim and gay.  British Journal of Social Psychology. PDF Download Download Page.

Jeffries WL, Dodge B, Sandfort TG (2008). Religion and spirituality among bisexual Black men in the USA. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 10(5): 463-77. PDF Download.

Johnson EP (1998). Feeling the Spirit in the Dark: Expanding Notions of the Sacred in the African-American Gay Community. Callaloo 21(2), 399-416. Full Text. (Subscription Needed)

Kapadia R (2005). We're not gay; we're just foreign!: Desi Drags, Disidentifications and Activist Film in New York. Comparative Cultural Studies, Spring  PDF Download.

Katyal SK (2010). The Dissident Citizen. UCLA Law Review, 57(5): 1415-1476. PDF Download. Download Page.

Kumashiro KK (1999). Supplementing normalcy and otherness: Queer Asian American men reflect on stereotypes, identity, and oppression. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 12(5): 491-508. Download Page.

Keamy,  Ron 'Kim' (2002). Ian's Story: the complex interaction of ethnicity, class and masculinities. Paper presented at the International Education Research Conference, Brisbane, Australia. Full Text.

Kee, Jone (1998). (Re)sexualizing the Desexualized Asian Male in the Works of Ken Chu and Michael Joo. Jouvert: A Journal of Postcolonial Studies, 2(1). Full Text. (Alternate Link)

Keogh P, Henderson L, Dodds C (2004). Ethnic minority gay men: Redefining community, restoring identity. UK: Sigma Research. PDF Download.

Kertzner RM, Meyer IH, Frost DM, Stirratt MJ (2009). Social and psychological well-being in lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals: the effects of race, gender, age, and sexual identity. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 79(4): 500-10. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

Kim JH (2007). Performing Female Masculinities at the Intersections of Gender, Class, Race, Ethnicity, and Sexuality. PhD. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin. PDF Download. Download Page.

Kim M (2004). Out and About: Coming of Age in a Straight White World. In: Asian American X, Arar Han and John Hsu (Eds). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 139-48.  PDF Download.

Koken JA, Bimbi DS, Parsons JT (2009). Experiences of familial acceptance-rejection among transwomen of color. Journal of Family Psychology, 23(6): 853-60. PubMed AbstractPDF Download.

Kudler, Benjamin A (2007). Confronting Race and Racism: Social Identity in African American Gay Men. Master of Social Owrk Dissertation, Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, Mass. PDF Download. Download Page

Kwong-Lai Poon MK-L, Sin R (2008). ‘Without power analysis, there won’t be equality’: Interrogating the idea of love in Asian/Caucasian gay relationships. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 4(3): 198-200. PDF Download.

Lawrence, Chris et al. (2004). Queensland Survey of Aboriginal and Torres Strait  Islander Men who have Sex with Men: 2004. PDF.

Lee, Byron King Hin (2007). Reading GAM in craigslist personal ads: Constructing gay Asian males during the negotiation of anal intercourse & Remembering spaciality: Refocusing the History of Vancouver's Gay Community. Master's 'Dissertation', Simon Fraser University, British Columbia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Leis, Genevieve (2001). HIV Prevention from Indigenous Youth Perspectives. Master's Dissertation, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia. PDF Download.

Lemelle AJ, Battle J (2004). Black Masculinity Matters in Attitudes Toward Gay Males. Journal of Homosexuality, 47(1: 39-51. PDF.

Lewis LJ, Kertzner RM (2003). Toward improved interpretation and theory building of African American male sexualities. Journal of Sex Research, 40(4): 383-95. Full TextPubMed Abstract.

Leslie D, MacNeill L (1995). "Double Positive: Lesbians and Race." In Racism in the Lives of Women: Testimony, Theory, and Guides to Anti-Racist Practice. Adelman and Enguidanos (Eds.). New York: Harrington Park Press. (PDF)

Lewis-Williams, Jeniece T (2006). Race, religion, and homosexuality: Black Protestants and homosexual acceptance. Master's Dissertation, Department of Sociology, Baylor University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Li A, et al (2008)Caught between homophobia and racism: effects of discrimination upon the sexual behaviour of men who have sex with men (MSM) from ethnic and racial minority communities [in Toronto]. AIDS 2008 - XVII International AIDS Conference: Abstract no. TUPE0750. PDF N/A.

Lin H-L (2005). From Enter the Dragon to Enter the Mullet: Exploring Filmic Representations of East Asian Butch Dykes by Asian Queer Women Filmmakers in Contemporary Canada. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

López, Candace (2010). Walking contradictions : Latina lesbianas, immigration and citizenship. Master's Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin. PDF Download. Download Page.

Loppie, Samantha Terri (2011). Splitting the Difference: Exploring the Experiences of Identity and Community Among Biracial and Bisexual People in Nova Scotia. Master's Dissertation, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. PDF Download.

Majied K, Moss-Knight T (2012). Social Work Research Considerations with Sexual Minorities in the African Diaspora. Journal of Social Work Values and Ethics, 9(2): 56-67. PDF Download.

Mao, Limin (2002). Gay Asian and Caucasian men in Sydney: cultural, social and cognitive factors associated with sex practices. School of Education and National Centre of HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales. PDF Downloads (Download Page): Title, Abstract, Contents, Introduction, Chapters 1-7, Bibliography, Appendices.

Malebranche DJ (2003). Black Men who Have Sex with Men and the HIV Epidemic: Next Steps for Public Health. American Journal of Public Health, 93: 862-865.  PDF Download. PDF Download.

Masequesmay, Gina (2003). Negotiating Multiple Identities in a Queer Vietnamese Support Group. Journal of Homosexuality, 45 (2/3/4): 193-215. Also published in Queer Theory and
Communication: From Disciplining Queers to Queering the Discipline(s)
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Masequesmay, Gina (2003). Emergence of Queer Vietnamese America. Amerasia Journal, 29(1): 117-134. PDF Download.

Martin, Alfred (2008). Coming-Out in Black and White: A Literature Review of the Coming-Out Process for Black Men. Paper presented at the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Boston. MA. Full Text.

Martinez J, Hosek SG (2005). An exploration of the down-low identity: nongay-identified young African-American men who have sex with men. Journal of the National Medical Association, 97(8): 1103-12. PubMed Abstract. PDF Download.

Masequesmay G (2003). Negotiating Multiple Identities in a Queer Vietnamese Support Group. Journal of Homosexuality, 45(2/3/4): 193-215. PDF Download.

Matteson DR (1997). Bisexual and homosexual behavior and HIV risk among Chinese-, Filipino-, and Korean-American men. Journal of Sex Research, 34(1): 93-104. Full Text. Full Text.

Mays VM, Chatters LM, Cochran SD, Mackness J (1998). African American families in diversity: Gay men and lesbians as participants in family networks. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 29(1): 73-87. PDF Download.

Mays VM, Cochran SD (1998). Kinsey and Male Homosexuality in the African-American Population: A Question of Fit. In Plummer, K. (Ed.). Sexualities: Studies in Culture and Society: 98-100. London: Sage. PDF Download.

Mays VM, Cochran SD, Bellinger G, Smith RG, Henley N, Daniels M, Tibbits T, Victorianne GD, Osei OK, Birt DK (1992). The Language of Black Gay Men's Sexual Behavior: Implications For AIDS Risk Reduction. The Journal of Sex Research, 29(3): 425-434. PDF Download.

Mays VM, Cochran SD, Zamudio A (2004). HIV Prevention Research: Are We Meeting the Needs of African American Men Who Have Sex With Men? Journal of Black Psychology, 30(1): 78-105. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

Mays VM, Yancey AK, Cochran SD, Weber M, Fielding JE (2002). Heterogeneity of Health Disparities Among African American, Hispanic, and Asian American Women: Unrecognized Influences of Sexual Orientation. American Journal of Public Health, 92(4): 632-9. PDF Download, PubMed Abstract 

McBride DA (1998). Can the Queen Speak? Racial Essentialism, Sexuality and the Problem of Authority. Callaloo 21(2), 363-379. Full text N/A.

McCready, Lance T (2010). Black Queer Bodies, Afrocentric Reform and Masculine Anxiety. International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, 3(1): 52-67. PDF Download.

McCready LT (2004). Understanding the marginalization of gay and gender non-conforming black male students. Theory Into Practice, 43(2): 136-143. Full text.

McFarland W, Chen S, Weide D, Kohn R, Klausner J (2004). Gay Asian men in San Francisco follow the international trend: increases in rates of unprotected anal intercourse and sexually transmitted diseases, 1999-2002. AIDS Education and Prevention, 16(1): 13-8. PDF Download. Abstract.

McLaughlin KA, Hatzenbuehler ML, Keyes KM (2010). Responses to discrimination and psychiatric disorders among Black, Hispanic, female, and lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. American Journal of Public Health, 100(8): 1477-1484. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

McLachlan, Christine (2010). Queering gender : an exploration of the subjective experience of the development of transgender identity. Master's Dissertation, Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg. PDF Download. Download Page.

Medicine B (2002). Directions in gender research in American Indian societies: Two spirits and other categories. In W. J. Lonner, D. L. Dinnel, S. A. Hayes, & D. N. Sattler (Eds.). Full text.

Mehrotra G, Munshi S (2011). Shifting the Frame: Addressing Domestic Violence in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer South Asian Communities. Manavi Occasional Paper No. 7. PDF Download.

Meladze, Pikria (2009). Integration of culture, religion and sexuality: A study of Caucasian and Asian gay men. Honours Dissertation, Thesis, Macquarie University. PDF Download.

Miller Jr, RL (2007). Legacy denied: African American gay men, AIDS, and the Black church. Social Work, 52, 51-61. Full text. PDF Download

Millett GA, Flores SA, Peterson JL, Bakeman R (2007). Explaining disparities in HIV infection among black and white men who have sex with men: a meta-analysis of HIV risk behaviors. AIDS, 21(15): 2083-91. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Millett GA, Peterson JL, Wolitski RJ, Stall R (2006). Greater risk for HIV infection of black men who have sex with men: a critical literature review. American Journal of Public Health, 6(6): 1007-19. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Misawa, Mitsunori (2011). The Intersection of Racist and Homophobic Bullying in Adult and Higher Education. Paper presented at the Midwest Research-to-Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing, Community and Extension Education, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, September 21-23. PDF Download.

Misawa, Mitsunori (2010). Racist and Homophobic Bullying in Adulthood: Narratives from Gay Men of Color in Higher Education. New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resource Development, 24(1): 7-23. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Mitra R (2010). Resisting the Spectacle of Pride: Queer Indian Bloggers as Interpretive Communities. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 54(1): 163-178. PDF Download.

Mitra R, Gajjala R (2008). Queer Blogging in Indian Digital Diasporas: A Dialogic Encounter. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 32(4): 400-423. PDF Download

Moore, Darnell L (2011). An Interrogation of the Black Presence in the Queer Project. Paper presented at the Feminism for the Planet: 5th Annual Rutgers Newark Women’s Studies Symposium in March 2009. PDF Download.

Moore, Marlon Rachquel (2008). Black Church, Black Patriarchy, and the "Brilliant Queer": Competing Masculinities in Langston Hughes's "Blessed Assurance". African American Review, 42: 493-502. Full text. Full text.

Moore, Mignon R (2008). Gendered Power Relations among Women: A Study of Household Decision Making in Black, Lesbian Stepfamilies. American Sociological Review, 73: 335–56.  PDF Download.

Moore, Mignon R (2006). Lipstick or Timberlands? Meanings of Gender Presentation in Black Lesbian Communities. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 32(1): 113-139. Download.

Moraga, Cherrie (2004). Queer Azland: the Re-formation of Chicano Tribe. In: John D'Emilio, et al. Queer Cultures. Pearson/Prentice Hall. PDF Download.

Moran, Christy D (2003). Conceptualizing Identity Development: Unmasking the Assumptions within Inventories Measuring Identity Development. NASPA Journal, 40(3): 43-55. PDF Download.

Moreno C (2002). Invisible Lesbians: Latina Immigrant Lesbian Coming Out Experiences. PhD Dissertation, Maimonides University. PDF Download.

Muñoz-Laboy M, Dodge B (2007). Bisexual Latino men and HIV and sexually transmitted infections risk: an exploratory analysis. American Journal of Public Health, 97(6): 1102-6. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Muñoz-Laboy M, Leau CJ, Sriram V, Weinstein HJ, del Aquila EV, Parker R (2009). Bisexual desire and familism: Latino/a bisexual young men and women in New York City. Culture, Health and Sexuality, (3): 331-44. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Murdolo, Adele (2008). ‘Living in Harmony With Your Contradictions’: Lesbian health in a multicultural context. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 4(1): 40-44. PDF Download. Download Page.

Mutchler, Matt G (AIDS Project Los Angeles, 2001). Race/Ethnicity Matters: Latino Versus Caucasian Young Gay Men’s Sexual Stories. PowerPoint Presentation: American Sociological Association. PowerPoint Presentation.

Meyers T, et al. (2001). An HIV Research Needs Assessment of MSM in Ethno-Cultural Communities: Perspective of Volunteers and Service Providers. Toronto. Word Download.

Nabors NA,, et al. (2001). Multiple Minority Group Oppression: Divided We Stand? Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association, 5(3): 101-105. PDF Download.

Narui, Mitsu (2010). A Foucauldian analysis of Asian/American Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Students’ Process of Disclosing their Sexual Orientation and Its Impact on Identity Construction. PhD. Dissertation,  Ohio State University. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

NASTAD (2006). Black Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM): Standing At the Crossroad of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the United States. PDF Download.

National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute (2009). Hispanic and Latino Same-Sex Couple Households in the United States. PDF Download.

Negy C, Eisenman R (2005). A comparison of African American and white college students' affective and attitudinal reactions to lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals: an exploratory study. Journal of Sex Research, 42(4): 291-8. Full text.

Nelms SD (2006). The Black lesbian experience: the intertwining of race and sexuality. PhD. Dissertation, Educational Psychology, University of Texas at Austin. PDF Download. Download Page.

Nettles R (2007). Challenges to Healthy African American Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Transgender Status. In: August 2007 Communiqué, Special Section: Psychological Perspectives On Sexual Orientation in Communities of Color. PDF Download.

Nguyen Duc, Thinh (2007). Fairies in the Far East: Now and Then. Paper presented at the Third Semi-Annual Conference on the Rhetoric of Monstrosity. PDF Download N/A.

Nguyen, Hoang Tan (2008). A view from the bottom: Asian American masculinity and sexual representation. PhD Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley. Abstract. Full text.

Nguyen, Phong (2008). ‘Please Explain’: Is it that hard to link homophobia and racism? Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 4(1): 45-48. PDF Download. Download Page.

NHS (2007). Briefing 12 [for health and social care staff]: Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people from Black and minority ethnic communities. PDF Download.

NMDOH & CPAG (2010). New Mexico Comprehensive HIV Prevention Plan 2009 - 2011: Supplement on Latino Gay & Bisexual Men. New Mexico: New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) HIV Prevention Program and New Mexico HIV Prevention Community Planning and Action Group (CPAG). PDF Download.

Norsah, Kofi (2010). The Greatest Taboo: Queer Identities among Afro-Canadian Males. PDF Download.

O'Brian D, Travers B (2006). River of Life, Rapids of Change: Understanding HIV Vulnerability among Two-Spirit Youth who Migrate to Toronto. Canadian Journal of Aboriginal Community-Based HIV/AIDS Research, 1. PDF.

Ohi, Kevin (1999). "I'm not the boy you want": sexuality, "race," and thwarted revolution in Baldwin's 'Another Country.' African American Review 33(2): 261-81.. Full Text.

Okazaki S (2002). Influences of culture on Asian Americans' sexuality. Journal of Sex Research, 39(1), 34-41. Full text.

Operario D (2003). Asian Pacific Islander MSM: Social Context of HIV Risk. Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco. Conference Presentation. PDF Download.

Otalvaro-Hormillosa, Sonia (1999). The Homeless Diaspora of Queer Asian Americans. Social Justice, Fall. Full text.

Outlaw AY, Phillips G, Hightow-Weidman LB, Fields SD, Hidalgo J, Halpern-Felsher B, Green-Jones And The Young Msm Of Color Spns Initiative Study Group M (2011). Age of MSM Sexual Debut and Risk Factors: Results from a Multisite Study of Racial/Ethnic Minority YMSM Living with HIV. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2011 Jun 28. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract. PDF Download.

Pallotta-Chiarolli M, Van de Ven P, Prestage G, Kippax S (1999)."Too Busy Studying and No Time for Sex?" Homosexually Active Male International Students and Sexual Health. Monograph 4/1999,  National Centre in HIV Social Research, The University of New South Wales. Full text.

Pallotta-Chiarolli, Maria (2008, On behalf of the AGMC Inc (Australian GLBTIQ Multicultural Council Incorporated). Guest Editorial: Presenting A Sampler of How Diversity is Lived and Loved. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 4(1): 2-6. PDF Download. Download Page.

Parés LA, et al. (2007). Puerto Rican Queer Sexualities. CENTRO Journal 19(1): 4-25. PDF Download.

Payne R (2007). Gay scene, queer gridPaper presented at the "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference. PDF Download. Download Page.

Pearson, Wendy Gay (2007). ‘Whatever That Is’: Hiromi Goto’s Body Politic/s. Studies in Canadian Literature, 32(2): 75-96. PDF Download. Download Page.

Peña, Abráham  (2012?). Empowering the Self, Creating Worlds: Lesbian and Gay Latina/o College Students’ Identity Negotiation in Figured Worlds. Journal of College Student Development, ... PDF Download.

Peplau LA, Cochran SD, Mays VM (1997). A national survey of the intimate relationships of African American lesbians and gay men: A look at commitment, satisfaction, sexual behavior and HIV Disease. In B. Greene (Eds.). Psychological Perspectives on Lesbian and Gay Issues:  Ethnic and Cultural Diversity Among Lesbians and Gay Men: 11-38. Newbury Park: Sage. PDF Download.

Perez N, Torres L (2011). Latina Portrait: Latina Queer Women in Chicago. Chicago: Amigas Latinas & Mujeres Latinas en Acción. PDF Download.

Petchauer EM, et al. (2008). Initiating a Culturally Responsive Discourse of Same Sex Attraction among African American Males. Spaces for Difference: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 1(1): 4-20. PDF. PDF.

Phua VC, Kaufman G (2003). The Crossroads of Race and Sexuality: Date Selection Among Men in Internet "Personal" Ads. Journal of Family Studies, 24(8): 981-994. PDF Download.

Pitt RN (2010). "Killing the Messenger": Religious Black Gay Men’s Neutralization of Anti-Gay Religious Messages. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 49(1): 56-72. PDF Download.

Poon M K-L, Ho P T-T (2002). A Qualitative Analysis of Cultural and Social Vulnerabilities to HIV Infection Among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Asian Youth. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, Vol. 14(3): 43-78. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Poon MKL, Ho PTT, Wong JPH (2001, Spring/Summer). Developing a omprehensive AIDS prevention outreach program: A needs assessment survey of MSM of East and Southeast Asian descent who visit bars and/or bath houses in Toronto. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 10 (1/2): 25-39. PDF Download.

Poon MK, Ho PT, Wong JP, Wong G, Lee R (2005). Psychosocial Experiences of East and Southeast Asian men who use gay Internet chatrooms in Toronto: an implication for HIV/AIDS prevention. Ethnic Health, 10(2): 145-67. Abstract. PDF Download.

Poon Mk-L, Sin R. (2008). “Without power analysis, there won’t be equality”: Interrogating the idea of love in Asian/Caucasian gay relationships. Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 4 (3): 198-200. Full Text.

Prieto, Antonio (2000). Queer/Joto: Performing the Epidermic Cartography of Lesbian and Gay Chicanos. Paper presented at the 2000 meeting of the Latin American Studies Association, Miami, March 16-18. PDF Download.

Ramirez, Christopher (2008). Homosexual Latinos Creating Spaces of Social Belonging. UC Santa Barbara: Center for Chicano Studies. PDF Download.

Ramirez CA (2006). Bearing Witness: Resiliency In the Lives of (Homo)Sexual Latino Men. Master of Arts Disseration. Digital Arts and New Media, University of California, Santa Cruz.  PDF Download.

Ramirez-Valles, Jesus (2007). The Quest for Effective HIV-Prevention Interventions for Latino Gay Men. Amercian Journal of Preventative Medicine, 32(4S): S34-5. PDF.

Ramirez-Valles J, Garcia D, Campbell RT, Diaz RM, Heckathorn DD (2008). HIV infection, sexual risk behavior, and substance use among Latino gay and bisexual men and transgender persons. American Journal of Public Health, 98(6): 1036-42. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Ramsey F, Hill MJ, Kellam C (2010). Black Lesbians Matter: An examination of the unique experiences, perspectives, and priorities of the Black Lesbian community. PDF Download.

Raymond HF, McFarland W (2009). Racial mixing and HIV risk among men who have sex with men. AIDS and Behavior, 13(4): 630-7. PDF Download. Abstract.

Rayside, David (2010). American Muslim Response to Queer Visibility. Paper presnted at the 2010 APSA Annual Meeting. Download Page.

Reeders DW (2010). Double Trouble? The Health Needs of Culturally Diverse MSM. Melbourne: Centre for Culture, Ethnicity & Health. Full Text.

Retzloff, Tim (2007). Eliding trans Latin o/a queer experience in U.S. LGBT history: José Sarria and Sylvia Rivera reexamined. Centro Journal, 19(1): 140-161. PDF.

Riggs, Marlon T (1991, 1999). Black Macho Revisited: Reflections of a SNAP! Queen. In: Devon Carbado,  Ed. Black Men on Race, Gender and Sexuality:  A Critical Reader: 306-311. New York: New York University Press (Table of Contents). PDF Download N/A. Google Books.

Ritieni A, et al. (2006). Prevalence of HIV Infection and Related Risk Behaviors Among Young Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men: San Diego-Tijuana Border Region. CA: California Department of Health Services, Office of AIDS HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Branch. PDF Download.

Robinson, Russell K (2008). Structural Dimensions of Romantic Preferences. Fordham Law Review, 76: 2787-2819. Abstract & Link to Full Text.

Romero,  Victor C (2005). Asians, Gay Marriage, and Immigration: Family Unification at a Crossroads. 15 Indiana International & Comparative Law Journal, 337. Abstract & Link to Full Text.

Ross MW, Essien EJ, Williams ML, Fernandez-Esquer ME (2003). Concordance between sexual behavior and sexual identity in street outreach samples of four racial/ethnic groups. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 30(2): 110-3. PDF Download. PubMed abstract.

Ross MW, Rosser BR, Neumaier ER; Positive Connections Team (2008). The relationship of internalized homonegativity to unsafe sexual behavior in HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men. AIDS Education and Prevention, 20(6): 547-57. PDF Download.

Rutter, Phil (2011). The Intersection of Ethnicity and Sexual Orientation in Youth Suicide Risk. NewsLink E-Community: A Publication of the American Association of Suicidology, November: 14-16. Full Text. PDF Download.

Ryan C, Huebner D, Diaz RM, Sanchez J (2009). Family rejection as a predictor of negative health outcomes in white and Latino lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults. Pediatrics, 123(1): 346-52. PubMed Abstract. PDF Download.

Ryan, Maura (2007). Queer Internal Colonialism: Aiding Conquest Through Borderless Discourse. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, TBA, New York, New York City, Aug 11, 2007. (Abstract & Full Text)

Sadarangani, Umeeta (2005). Standing My Ground: Reflections of a Queer Indian Immigrant Professor in the U.S. Classroom. English Scholarship. Paper 2. PDF Download.

Sager JB, Schlimmer EA, Hellmann JA (2001). Latin American Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients: Implications for Counseling. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education & Development, 40(1): 21-33. PDF Download.

Sandfort TGM, Dodge B (2008). “…And Then There was the Down Low”: Introduction to Black and Latino Male Bisexualities. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37(5): 675–682. Full Text.

Sandfort TG, Melendez RM, Diaz RM (2007). Gender nonconformity, homophobia, and mental distress in latino gay and bisexual men. Journal of Sex Research, 44(2): 181-9. Full Text. Full Text.  Abstract

Sar, Michael S (2009). Out of the Killing Fields, out of the closet: A personal narrative on finding identity as a gay Cambodian-American. Master's Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach. PDF Download. Download Page.

Satrang & South Asian Network (2007). Giving Visibility to the Needs of the South Asian LGBTIQ Community in Southern California: Southern California LGBTIQ South Asian Community Needs Assessment Report. PDF Download.

Schnoor RF (2008). Being Gay and Jewish: Negotiating Intersecting Identities. Sociology of Religion, 67(1): 43-60. PDF Download.

Shek, Yen Ling (2005). The relationship of racial identity and gender-role conflict to self-esteem of Asian American undergraduate men. Thesis. Graduate School of the University of Maryland, College Park. PDF Download. Download Page

Silberman, Seth Clark (2005). Youse awful queer, chappie": Reading black queer vernacular in black literatures of the Americas, 1903--1967. PhD Dissertation, Uiversity of Maryland. Abstract. PDF Download.

Smith C (2007). Queer as Black Folk? Wisconsin Law Review, 2: 379-407. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Smyth, Heather (1999). Sexual Citizenship and Caribbean^ Canadian Fiction: Dionne Brando "In Another Place, Not Here" and Shani Mootoo's "Cereus Blooms at Night." ARIEL: A Review of International English Literature, 30(2): 141-160. PDF Download.

Spieldenner AR, Castro CF (2010). Education and Fear: Black and Gay in the Public Sphere of HIV Prevention. Communication Education, 59(3): 274-281. PDF Download.

Strayhorn TL, et al. (2008). Factors Affecting the College Choice of African American Gay Male Undergraduates: Implications for Retention (2008). NASAP Journal, 11(1). PDF Download.

Steep, Ian (2007). ‘GWM ISO GAM’: Mediated identities and ethnicity fetish. Paper presented at the "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" conference, University of Technology Sydney, Australia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Story, Kaila Adia (2008). There’s No Place like "Home": Mining the Theoretical Terrain of Black Women’s Studies, Black Queer Studies and Black Studies. The Journal of Pan African Studies 2(2): 44-57. PDF Download.

Strongman, Roberto (2008). Sizing up the Queer Black Thug Lover: The Down Low as Counter Discourse to Homonormativity. Screening Noir, Journal of Black Film, Television & New Media Culture, 1(2): 17-29.  PDF Download. Download Page.

Sudarto, Budiadi (2008). ‘Without Love, There Won’t be Us’: A Narrative of a GAM – GWM Couple. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 4(1): 23-34. PDF Download. Download Page.

Tajón, Manuel Montoya (2009). Identity Development of Latino Gay Men. PhD. Dissertation, Psychology in Clinical Psychology, Antioch University, Southern California. PDF Download. Download Page.

Tang, Denise Tse Shang (2001). Queering the Pacific Northwest : a case study of the Leaving Silence project. Master's Dissertation, Uiversity of British Columbia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Teunis, Niels (2003) . Racism in the San Francisco gay community: An experimental ethnography to create new visibility to an old problemWord Download. Related Information.

Themistou T, Wang J, Allan W (2005). Transcending socialised limitations in forming and maintaining intimate relationships in Asian gay men in Australia. PDF Download.

Thing, James (2009). Entre maricones machos, y gays: Globalization and the construction of sexual identities among queer Mexicanos. PhD. Dissertation, University of Southern California. PDF Download. Abstract & Download Page. PDF Download.

Thompson, Beverly Yuen (1999). The Politics of Bisexual/Biracial Identity: A study of Bisexual and Mixed Race Women of Asian/Pacific Islander Descent. PhD. Dissertation, San Diego State University. Abstract. PDF Download.

Tomlinson H (2007). Young Men of Color Who Have Sex with Men: HIV Epidemiology and Considerations for Prevention. In: August 2007 Communiqué, Special Section: Psychological Perspectives On Sexual Orientation in Communities of Color. PDF Download.

Toro-Alfonso J (2007). Latino Perspectives on Sexual Orientation: The Desire That We Do No Dare to Name. A version of this paper was presented at the XXXI Interamerican Congress of Psychology, Mexico, July 4, 2007.. PDF Download.

Torres, Lourdes  (2007). Boricua Lesbians: Sexuality, Nationality, and the Politics of Passing. Centro, 19(1): 231-249. PDF Download.

Townsley, Jeramy (2009). Intersectionalized identities: sexual and racial minorities and their related mental health risks. Full Text.

Tran, Janine (2010). Sexual identity and depression among Vietnamese-American gay and bisexual men. Master's Dissertation, Department of Social Work, California State University, Long Beach, CA. Abstract. PDF Download. Abstract and Download.

Trans Programming at the 519 (2005?). The Toronto Trans and Two-Spirit Primer: An Introduction to Lower-income, Sex-working and Street-involved Transgendered, Transsexual & Two-Spirit Service Users in Toronto. PDF Download.

Travers R, Allman D, Lau W, Maxwell W, Calzavara L (2001). An HIV Research Needs Assessment of MSM in Ethno-Cultural Communities: Perspectives of Volunteers and Service Providers. Toronto, Canada. PDF Document. PDF Document. Word Document

Trexler, Richard C (2002). Making the American berdache: Choice or constraint? Journal of Social History, 35: 613-36. Full Text. Journal of Social History, Table of Contents, Vol. 35.

Trujillo, Carla (1991). Chicana Lesbians: Fear and Loathing in the Chicano Community. In: - Chicana Lesbians : The Girls Our Mothers Warned Us About - 1991 - edited by Carla Trujillo. PDF Download.

Tseng, Tommy (2011). Understanding Anti-LGBT Bias: An Analysis of Chinese-Speaking Americans’ Attitudes Toward LGBT People in Southern California. LGBTQ Policy Journal at the Harvard Kennedy School: 2011 Edition. Full Text.

van der Meide, Wayne (2001). The Intersection of Sexual Orientation & Race: Considering the Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered (GLBT) People of Colour & Two-Spirited People. (A Research Paper prepared for EGALE Canada) (Full TextExcerpts.

van der Meide, Wayne (2001). Carrefour De L’orientation Sexuelle Et De L’Origine Ethnique. : Comprendre La Vie Des Personnes Gaies, Lesbiennes, Bisexuelles, Transsexuelles Et Transgenres (GLBTT) De Couleur Ainsi Que Bi-Spirituelles. (Document de recherche préparé pour ÉGALE Canada) Rapport complet.

van der Meide, Wayne (2001). La Intersección de la Orientación Sexual y la Raza: Considerando las Experiencias de Personas Gays, Lesbianas, Bisexuales y Transgénero (“GLBT”) de Color y de Personas de Doble Espíritu. (Documento de Investigación Preparado por EGALE Canadá.) Informe completo.

van der Meide, Wayne (2002). The Intersections Of Sexual Orientation, Race, Religion, Ethnicity And Heritage Languages: The State Of Research. (A Literature Review & Research Backgrounder Prepared for: Canadian Heritage, Multiculturalism Program.) PDF Download. Excerpts.

van der Meide, Wayne (2002). Carrefour de l’orientation sexuelle et de la race, de la religion, de l’origine ethnique et de la langue d’origine: etat de la recherche. PDF Download.

Vincent W, Peterson JL, Parrott DJ (2009). Differences in African American and White Women's Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men. Sex Roles, 61(9-10): 599-606. Abstract. PDF Download.

Viteri MA (2005+). Translating Race and Sexuality in the LGBT "Latino" Diaspora in the U.S. Vitrubia Perspectives, 1(2). Full text.

Wahab A, Plaza D (2009). Queerness in the Transnational Caribbean-Canadian Diaspora. Caribbean Review of Gender Studies, 3. PDF Download.

Wallace,  David Shane  (2006). “Come the Final Throwdown, What is s/he First, Black or Gay?”: Revolutionary Arguments in Randall Kenan’s A Visitation of Spirits and Me’shell Ndegeocello’s Cookie: the Anthropological Mixtape. Queer America, 4(1). PDF. Download Page

Waller MA, McAllen-Walker R (2001). One Man’s Story of Being Gay and Diné (Navajo): A Study in Resiliency. In Bernstein, M. & Reimann, R. (2001). Queer families, queer politics: Challenging culture and the state (pp. 87-103). New York: Columbia University Press. PDF Download Page. PDF Download.

Ward EG (2005). Homophobia, hypermasculinity and the US black church. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 7(5): 493–504.  PDF.

Warren JC, Fernández MI, Harper GW, Hidalgo MA, Jamil OB, Torres RS (2008). Predictors of unprotected sex among young sexually active African American, Hispanic, and White MSM: the importance of ethnicity and culture. AIDS and Behavior, 12(3): 459-68. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Wilkinson W, Gil Gerald & Associates' LGBT-TRISTAR Division (2010). Culturally Competent Approaches for Serving Asian and Pacific Islander Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations in California. PDF Download. Download Page.

Williams, Vikki (2002). Representations in the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual & transgendered. (Australia).  PDF.

Wilson, Javarré Cordero (2006). The Negation of Black Gay Men in Castro’s Bars. The Black Studies Journal. Abstract. Full Text: Word Download.

Wong FY (2007). HIV In Asian and Pacific Islander MSM In The U. S. In: August 2007 Communiqué, Special Section: Psychological Perspectives On Sexual Orientation in Communities of Color. PDF Download.

Wong, Alan (2007). Who is Asian?: Representing a Pan-ethnic Continent in LGBTIQ Community Activism. Paper presented at the 4th Conference on Sex & Sexuality. PDF. (Project Archives).

Wong A, et al. (2007). Invisible Identities Sexually Diverse Ethnic and Racial Minorities and Two-Spirited People in Quebec. Memoire presented by Coalition MultiMundo and Ethnoculture Inc., in collaboration with the Sexual and Gender Diversity: Vulnerability, and Resilience (SVR) Research Team, to the Commission de consultation sur les pratiques d'accommodement reliees aux differencesculturelles. PDF.

Wong A, et al. (2007). Identités Invisibles: Diversité sexuelle des minorités visibles, des communautés culturelles et des personnes bispirituelles au Québec. Mémoire présenté à la commission de consultation sur les pratiques d'accommodements reliés aux différences culturelles par la Coalition MultiMundo et Ethnoculture, en collaboration avec l’équipe de recherche Sexualités et Genres : Vulnérabilité et Résilience (SVR). PDF

Wu, Rose (2004)Becoming an Inclusive Community: Challenges from Hong Kong's Tongzhi Movement. In God's Image 23(1). PDF Download.

Xiaojing, Zhou (2002). Denaturalizing Identities, Decolonizing Desire: Videos by Richard Fung and Ming-Yuen S. Ma. Jouvert, 3(2).  Full Text.

Xu, Mingzhao (2004). The Negotiation of Political Identities: Being Queer and an Asian Pacific Islander. PDF. Prize Essay, University of California, Davis:  Full Text.

Yang, Pahoua K (2008). A Phenomenological Study of the Coming Out Experiences of Gay and Lesbian Hmong. PHD. Dissertaton, University of Minnesota. PDF Download. Download Page.

Yarbro-Bejarano Y, Pualin D (1994). Race and Representation in "Tongues Untied" and "Paris is Nurning." Working Paper Series, No. 48, Stanford Center for Chicano Research, Stanford University. PDF Download.

Young JC (1999). Alternative genders in the Coast Salish world : paradox and pattern. Master's Dissertation, University of British Columbia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Zea MC, Reisen CA, Poppen PJ, Bianchi FT, Echeverry JJ (2005). Disclosure of HIV status and psychological well-being among Latino gay and bisexual men. AIDS and Behavior, 9(1): 15-26. Abstract. PDF Download.

Latin American Sexual Minorities: 2 Parts - Mexico/Caribbean & Central/South America

Note: Additions to this list will initially be made on - This Web Page (End of Page) - and here about one month later.

Mexico/Caribbean

AIDS and Male-to-Male Sex in Latin America: Vulnerabilities, strengths and proposed measures: Perspectives and reflections from the point of view of public health, social sciences and activism - 2003 - edited by Carlos F. Cáceres, Mario Pecheny and Veriano Terto Júnior. UPCH/UNAIDS (PDF Download). Foreword / Contents. - Chapter 1 (Introduction): Confronting the HIV/AIDS epidemic in gay men and other men who have sex with men in Latin America and the Caribbean (Carlos F. Cáceres and Mario Pecheny). - Chapter 2: Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS infection among men who have sex with men in Latin America and the Caribbean: Current Situation and Recommendations for Epidemiological Surveillance (Carlos F. Cáceres). -  Chapter 3: Socio-Cultural context of male-to-male sex (Gabriel Guajardo S.). Chapter 4: Vulnerability of Gay Men and Other Men who Have Sex with Men to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Latin America: The Other Side of Masculinity (José Toro-Alfonso) -  Chapter 5 ...

Abramschmitt C (2007). Is Barbados Ready for Same-Sex Marriage?: Analysis of Legal and Social Constructs. SALICES Conference Paper. PDF Download.

Agard-Jones, Vanessa (2009). Le Jeu de Qui?1 Sexual Politics at Play in the French Caribbean. CRGS: Caribbean Review of Gender Studies, 3. PDF Download.

Allen, Jafari (2007). Means of desire’s production: Male sex labor in Cuba. Identities: Global studies in culture and power, 14(1): 183-202. PDF Download.

Anderson T (2009). HIV/AIDS in Cuba: lessons and challenges. Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, 26(1): 78-86. PDF Download.

Anzaldo D (1999+). Las púberes canéforas, la sensibilidad social y sexual en la nocturna ciudad de México. CiberLetras, 11. Full Text.

Arguelles L, Rich R (1984). Homosexuality, Homophobia, and Revolution: Notes toward an Understanding of the Cuban Lesbian and Gay Male Experience, Part I. Signs, 9(4): 683-699. PDF Download.

Avrett, Sam (2011). Men Who Have Sex with Men and HIV in the Anglophone Caribbean. Arlington, VA: USAID’s AIDS Support and Technical Assistance Resources, AIDSTAR-One, Task Order 1. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Downkoad.

Bartholomew C, et al. (1987). Transmission of HTLV-I and HIV among homosexual men in Trinidad. JAMA, 257(19), 2604-8. (PubMed Abstract) Full Text.

Bombereau G (2005). Représentations sociales du VIH/SIDA en Guadeloupe et recommandations à l'usage de la santé publique. La peur ou la mort dans l'âme dans les Antilles françaises. These, Philosophiæ doctor (Ph.D.), Université Laval Québec. Full Text.

Bonomo, Hernán (2009). Transexualidad y transgénero en América Latina: condiciones de alto riesgo. PDF Download. Translation.

Cáceres CF (2002). HIV among gay and other men who have sex with men in Latin America and the Caribbean: a hidden epidemic? AIDS, 16, Suppl 3: S23-S33. PDF Download.

Cáceres CF, Fernández P, Silva-Santisteban A (2009). Men who have Sex with Men and the HIV Epidemic in Latin America and the Caribbean. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Calixte, Shana L (2005). Things Which Aren't to Be Given Names: Afro-Caribbean Diasporic Negotiations of Same Gender Desire and Sexual Relations. Canadian Woman Studies. 24(2/3): 128-137. PDF Download.

Campbell K (2006). Reading Queer Caribbean Identities: Faizal Deen’s land without chocolate and the Gay Caribbean Canon. Postcolonial Text, 2(2). Full Text. Full Text.

Cantú, Lionel (2002). De Ambiente: Queer Tourism and the Shifting Boundaries of Mexican Male Sexualities. GLQ, 8(1/2): 139-166. PDF Download.

Carr, Robert (2003). On "Judgements": Poverty, Sexuality-Based Violence and Human Rights in 21st Century Jamaica. The Caribbean Journal of Social Work, 2: 71-87. PDF Download.

Castillo BF (2005?). Proceso de expansión de la comunidad homosexual en la sociedad dominicana en los últimos 30 años. Full TextTranslation

Comité Para Los Asuntos de Lesbianas, Gays, Bisexuales y Transgénero (LGBT), Asociación de Psicología de Puerto Rico (2008). Estándares para el Trabajo e Intervención en Comunidades Lesbiana s, Gay, Bisexuales y Transgéneros (LGBT). PDF Download. Translation

Cooper, Carolyn (2005). Sweet & Sour Saucw: Sexual Politics in Jamaican Dancehall Culture. The Sixth Jagan Lecture Presented at York University on October 22, 2005. CERLAC Colloquia Paper. PDF Download

De La Torre, Miguel (1999). Beyond Machismo: a Cuban Case Study. The Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics, 19: 213-33. Full Text. Full Text.

del Rio C, Jaime Sepulveda J (2002). AIDS in Mexico: lessons learned and implications for developing countries. AIDS, 16: 1445-1457. PDF Download.

Douglas, Eduardo de Jesus (1998). The colonial self: homosexuality and mestizaje in the art of Nahum B. Zenil. Art Journal, 57(3): 14-21. Full Text N/A. Excerpt. Excerpt.

Erviti J, Castro R, Sosa-Sánchez IA (2007)Identidades de género, sexualidad y violencia sexual. La Manzana, 2(3). Full TextTranslation.

Esparza, Hortensia Moreno (2010). La construcción cultural de la homosexualidad. Revista Digital Universitaria, 11(8): 3-9. PDF Download. Translation.

Fankhanel, Edward H (2008). Paraphilias Among Gay Men in Puerto Rico. PhD. Dissertation, Faculty of The American Academy of Clinical Sexologists, Orlando, Florida. PDF Download. Download Page.

Finkler, Tamara (2008). Sexual diversity challenging HIV AIDS prevention in Oaxaca, Mexico. Master's Dissertation, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam. PDF Download.

Finlinson HA, Robles RR, Cólón HM, Soto López M, del Carmen Negrón M, Oliver-Vélez D, Deren S, Andía JF, Cant JG (2003). Puerto Rican drug users experiences of physical and sexual abuse: comparisons based on sexual identities. Journal of Sex Research, 40(3): 277-85. Full Text.

Foster GM (2009). Translating (Black) Queerness: Unpacking the Conceptual Linkages Between Racialized Masculinities, Consensual Sex, and the Practice of Torture. Souls, 11(2): 143-166. PDF Download.

Galán JIP (2002). Identidad, cuerpo, exclusión y gays. Revista Iberoamericana de Antropología, 19. Full Text. Translation.

Gemmerli, Tobias (2009). Queering Development - Incorporating Sexuality: The Problem of Heteronormativity in the Development Paradigm. PDF Download.

Gómez ER, Villegas GT (2007)Este tema no es científico: La violencia simbólica en el conocimiento y discurso académico. La Manzana, 2(3). Full Text. Translation.

Granados-Cosme, José Arturo (2009). La vivencia del rechazo en homosexuales universitarios de la Ciudad de México y situaciones de riesgo para VIH/sida [The experience of rejection in homosexual university students from Mexico City and risk situations for HIV/AIDS]. Salud Pública de México, 51(6): 482-488. Full Text. Translation. PDF Download.

Green JN, Babb FE (2002). Introduction. Gender and Same-Sex Desire in Latin America. Special Issue of Latin American Perspectives. Edited with Florence Babb, 29(2): 3-23. PDF Download.

Grinnell, Lucinda (2010). Challenging 'Moral Renovation:' Lesbian and Gay Activism and the 1982 Economic Crisis in Mexico. Paper presented at the 2010 Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Toronto, Canada. PDF Download.

Guerra, Lillian (2010). Gender policing, homosexuality and the new patriarchy of the Cuban Revolution, 1965-70. Social History, 35(3): 268-289. PDF Download.

Guerrero RM (2002). Homosexualidad, Decheros Naturales y Cultura Popular: 1790-1820. La Ventana, 15: 263-312. PDF Download. Translation.

Gutiérrez JMS (2006). Hacia una nueva sensibilidad social en el reconocimiento del “otro”: las minorías sexuales. La Manzana, 1(2). Full Text. Translation.

Gutzmore  (2004). Casting the First Stone: Policing of Homo/Sexuality in Jamaican Popular Culture. Interventions, 6(1): 118-134. PDF Download.

Halperin DM (2006). Gay identity after Foucault. La Manzana, 1(2). Full Text.

Halperin DT, de Moya EA, Pérez-Then E, Pappas G, Garcia Calleja JM (2009). Understanding the HIV epidemic in the Dominican Republic: a prevention success story in the Caribbean? Journl of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 51 Suppl 1: S52-9. PDF Download.

Hernández MG, Herrera OB, Guzmán Cedillo YI, Fernández MAG (2010). Diseño de Estudio de Caso en Línea Como Propuesta Educativa Sobre la Homosexualidad Para Jóvenes de Bachillerato Universitario PDF Download. Translation.

Howe C, Zaraysky, Lorentsen (2008). Transgender Sex Workers and Sexual Transmigration between Guadalajara and San Francisco. Latin American Perspectives, 35(1): 31-50. PDF Download.

Hron A (2003). Report on Persecution of Sexual Minorities in Jamaica. Jamaica Forum for Lesbians, All-Sexuals and Gays. PDF Download.

HRW (2004). Hated to Death: Homophobia, Violence and Jamaica’s HIV/AIDS Epidemic. Human Rights Watch, 16(6) (B). PDF Download.

IAHCR Thematic Hearing (2008). Orientación sexual e identidad de género: interseccionalidad con otras formas de discriminación en las Americas. - Discriminación con base en genero, raza y orientación sexual en las Américas. PDF Download Translation.

ILGA-LAC (2009). A 40 años de Stonewall Inn: Transfobia, Lesbofobia, Homofobia, Bifobia en Latinoamérica y El Caribe. PDF Download.

IRB, Canada (1999). Mexico: Treatment of Sexual Minorities. Issue Paper prepared by the Research Directorate of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada on the basis of publicly available information, analysis and comment. Full Text. Update, 2000: PDF Download.

Izazola-Licea JA, et al. (2000). Assessment of non-response bias in a probability household survey of male same-gender sexual behavior. Salud Pública Méx, 42(2): 92-98. Full Text. PDF Download.

Izazola-Licea JA, Gortmaker SL, De Gruttola V, Mann J (2000). Prevalence of Same-Gender Sexual Behavior and HIV in a Probability Household Survey in Mexican Men. Journal of Sex Research, 37(1): 37-43.  Full Text. Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents.

Jesus ML (2006). Los costos ocultos de la masculinidad. .La Manzana, 1(2). Full Text. Translation.

Kempadoo, Kamala (2009). Caribbean Sexuality: Mapping the Field. CRGS: Caribbean Review of Gender Studies, 3. PDF Download.

Kempadoo K, Taitt A (2006). Gender, Sexuality and Implications for HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean: A Review of Literature and Programmes. Word Download

King J (2006). Outing the Center: Homophobia in Jamaica. ISP Collection. Paper 380. Download Page.

Kovac, Amy L (2002). Africa's rainbow nation. Journal of Southern African Studies, 28(2). Full Text.

La Fountain-Stokes, Lawrence  (2008?). Translocas: Migración, homosexualidad y travestismo en el performance puertorriqueño reciente. E-Misferica, 8.1.  Full Text. Translation.

La Fountain-Stokes, Lawrence  (2007). LGBTT and Queer Studies in the Caribbean. PDF Download. Translation.

Laguarda R (2002). "Vamos al Noa-Noa": de homosexualidad, secretos a voces y ambivalencias en la música de Juan Grabriel. In: Actas del IV Congreso Latinoamericano de la Asociación Internacional para el Estudio de la Música Popular. Mexico, 2002. PDF Download. PDF Download. Translation.

Larcher AA, Robinson C (2009). Fighting ‘Murder Music’: Activist Reflections. CRGS: Caribbean Review of Genser Studies, 3. PDF Download.

Larson, Scott (2005). Gay Space in Havana. In: Changing Perceptions, Emergent Perspectives, Chapter 6, pp. 64-77. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Lewis RA, Carr R (2009). Gender, sexuality and exclusion: Sketching the outlines of the Jamaican popular nationalist project. CRGS: Caribbean Review of Gender Studies, 3. PDF Download.

Lewis, Linden (2006). Unsettling Masculinity in the Caribbean: Facing a Future Without Guarantees. Working Paper 06-9: The International Working Group on Gender, Macroeconomics, and International Economics. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Lewis, Vek (2009). Sociological Work on Transgender in Latin America: Some Considerations. PDF Download.

Lind A, Share J (2003). Queering Development: Institutionalized Heterosexuality in Development Theory, Practice and Politics in Latin America. In: Feminist Futures: Re-Imagining Women, Culture and Development, edited by Kum-Kum Bhavnani, John Foran and Priya Kurian, Zed Press, 2003: 55-73. Full Text N/A. Summary.

Llamoja, Gaby Mariño (2008). Visibilidad Trans en America Latina y el Caribe.  PPT Presentation. PPT Download. Translation

Lozano I (2009). El Significado De Homosexualidad En Jóvenes De La Ciudad De México. Enseñanza e Investigación en Psicología, 14(1): 153-168. PDF Download. Translation.

Maher, Michael J (2007). The Lost Sheep: Experiences of Religious Gay Men in Havana, Cuba. Journal of Religion & Society, 9: 1-15. PDF Download.

Massiah E, et al. (2004). Stigma, discrimination, and HIV/AIDS knowledge among physicians in Barbados. Rev Panam Salud Publica (Pan American Journal of Public Health), 16(6): 395–401. PDF Download.

Meyer AM (2003). Anthropological research on homosexuality in Latin America and the lesbian drought. Kaleidoscope: University of Kentucky Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship. Fall, 2003. Full Text.

Monsiváis, Carlos (2002). Los Gays en México: La Fundación, la Ampliación, la Consolidación del Ghetto. Debate Feminsita. Año 13. no. 26: 89- 115. Full Text PDF Download.

Morad M (2008). 'Invertidos' in Afro-Cuban Religion. Gay & Lesbian Review, 15(2): 26-28. PDF Download.

Morad M (2006). Male Homosexuality, Transvestism and Cross-Gender Manipulation in Cuban Santería. Word Download.

Morad M (2005). Cuba'a article 303 in a regional perspective: Legislation and gay human rights violation in Latin America.  Word Download.

Morales MI (1997). Submitting or Resisting: Exploring the Popular Central American Belief that Homosexuality Can Be Induced. Full Text.

Morales ZR (2000). El movimiento lésbico en México: reconstrucción de una historia no escrita. Espiral, 7(19). PDF Download.

Mott, Luiz (2004). Las Raíces De La Homofobia En América LatinaFull Text. PDF Download. Translation.

Narrain A (2005). Brazil Resolution on Sexual Orientation: Challenges in Articulating a Sexual Rights Framework from the Viewpoint of the Global South. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Negrón-Muntaner, Frances (2008). «Mariconerías» de Estado: Mariela Castro, los homosexuales y la política cubana. Nueva Sociedad, 218: 163-179. PDF Download. Translation.

Nesvig, Martin (2001). The Complicated Terrain of Latin American Homosexuality. Hispanic American Historical Review, 81(3/4): 689-72. PDF Download.

Ocasio, Rafael (2002). Gays and the Cuban Revolution: The Case of Reinaldo Arenas. Latin American Perspectives, 29(2): 78-98.  PDF Download.

ONUSIDA (2007). Guía de acciones estratégicas para prevenir y combatir la discriminación por orientación sexual e identidad de género: Derechos humanos, salud y VIH. PDF Download. Translation.

Ortiz-Hernández L (2004). La opresión de minorías sexuales desde la inequidad de género. Política y Cultura, 22: 161-182. Full Text. PDF Download. Translation.

Ortiz-Hernandez L, Isabel M, Torres G (2005). Opresión internalizada y prácticas sexuales de riesgo en varones homo-y bi-sexuales de México [Internalized opression and high-risk sexual practices among homosexual and bisexual males, Mexico]. Revista de Saúde Pública, 39(6): 956-964. Full Text. Translation. PDF Download.

Ortiz-Hernandez L, Torres G, Isabel M (2005). Efectos de la violencia y la discriminación en la salud mental de bisexuales, lesbianas y homosexuales de la Ciudad de México. [Effects of violence and discrimination on the mental health of bisexuals, lesbians, and gays in Mexico City]. Cad. Saúde Pública, 21(3): 913-925. English Abstract. Download Page. Full Text. Translation.

Ottosson D (2007). State Homophobia in Latin America & the Caribbean: A Latin American and Caribbean survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults. PDF Download.

Ottosson D (2007). Homofobia De Estado en America Latina y el Caribe: Un estudio latinoamericano y caribeño de las leyes que prohiben la actividad sexual con consentimiento entre personas adultas. Un informe de ILGA: Asociación Internacional de lesbianas y gays. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Pan American Health Organization (2009). Challenges Posed by the HIV Epidemic in Latin America and the Caribbean 2009. PDF Download.

Parry O (1996). In One Ear and Out the Other: Unmasking Masculinities in the Caribbean Classroom. Sociological Research Online, 1(2). Full text.

Peña, Susana (2007). "Obvious Gays" and the State Gaze: Cuban Gay Visibility and U.S. Immigration Policy during the 1980 Mariel Boatlift. Journal of the History of Sexuality, 16(3): 482-514.  PDF Download.

Pinnock AMN (2007). “A Ghetto Education Is Basic”: (Jamaican) Dancehall Masculinities As Counter-Culture. The Journal of Pan African Studies, 1(9): 47-84. PDF Download.

Plaza RC (2006). Trabajo sexual masculino y factores de riesgo en la adquisición de VIH/SIDA en Xalapa, Veracruz. La Manzana, 1(2). Full Text (Translation).

Posa R, Sardá A, Villalba V (2005). Lesbianas en América Latina: de la inexistencia a la visibilidad. Orientaciones: revista de homosexualidades, 9: 37-53. PDF Download. Full Text.

Pourette, Dolorès (2002). Hommes et femmes de la Guadeloupe en Ile-de-France: Pratiques liées au corps, relations entre les sexes et attitudes face au risque de contamination par le VIH. Thèse en ethnologie et anthropologie sociale, sous la direction de Marie-Élisabeth Handman, à l’EHESS (Paris). Full Text. Translation.

Pourette, Dolorès (2002). La figure du makomè : masque de l'homosexualité masculine dans les mondes guadeloupéens. In: R.-M. Lagrave, A. Gestin, E. Lépinard, G. Pruvost (dir.), Dissemblances. Jeux et enjeux du genre, Paris, 2002, l'Harmattan, p.51-63. EHESS, Paris. Full text. Translation.

Prieur A (1994). 'I am my own special creation.' Mexican homosexual transvestites' construction of femininity. Young, Nordic Journal of Youth Research, 2(3): s. 3-17. Full Text.

Puar, Jasbir K (2009). Chutney to Queer and Back: Trinidad 1995-1998. CRGS: Caribbean Review of Genser Studies, 3. PDF Download.

Puar, Jasbir K (2005).Global Circuits: Transnational Sexualities and Trinidad. PDF Download.

Reyes JA (2005?). Homosexualidad en República Dominicana. Full text. Translation.

Reicherzer SL, Patton JL, Steves M (2007). Transgenders, Vestidas, Hijra, Kathoey: Responding to Cultural Cukltural Expressions of Gender Identity. A PowerPoint presentation of the Texas Association of Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Issues in Counseling (TAGLBIC). A Presentation at the American Counseling Association 2007 Annual Convention. PDF Download.

Rosa, Luis Ernesto Nieves Rosa (2002?). Homofobia, opresión y ciudadanía: Retos del trabajo social en el siglo XXI. PDF Download.

Rosario JEA, Peralta KAC (2005). Consecuencias psicosociales de la homosexualidad en República Dominicana. Full text. Translation.

Rosario-Hernández E, et al. (2009). Saliendo del clóset en el trabajo: La relación entre el manejo de la identidad sexual, heterosexismo organizacional percibido, actitudes de trabajo y bienestar psicológico. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 20: 103-143. PDF Download. Translation.

Royes H (1999). A Cultural Approach to HIV/AIDS Preventon and Care:  UNESCO?UNAIDS Research Project. Jamaica Experience: Country Report. PDF Download. Translation.

Royes H, et al (2003). HIV/AIDS Risk Mapping Study of Men Who Have Sex With Men in Jamaica. PDF Download.

Ruvalcava HD (2006). El cuerpo del héroe. Homofobia y homosociedad en El águila y la serpiente de Martín Luis Guzmán. La Manzana, 1(2). Full Text (Translation).

Sardá, Alejandra (1998). Bisexualidad, ¿un disfraz de la homofobia internalizada? Trabajo presentado en el I Encuentro Argentino de Psicoerapeutas Gays, Lesbianas y Bisexuales, organizado por el Grupo Nexo y realizado en Buenos Aires, en septiembre de 1998.  Full Text. Translation.

Serrano-García I, Cintrón-Bou F, Rodríguez YR, Acosta-Pérez E, Walters-Pacheco K (2005). . Una mirada a la sexualidad desde el Caribe: Implicaciones de su estudio para las Ciencias Sociales. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 14: 10-21. English Abstract.  PDF Download. Translation.

Silva, Sócrates (2009). Observing Homosexual Encounters: The Joseph M. Carrier Papers at the ONE Archives. Paper presented at SALALM 54, Berlin, Germany. PDF Download.

Soto-Lafontaine, Melisa A (2008). Gender Variance, Institutional Imaginaries. Latin American Transgendered Immigrants in the Netherlands. Master's Dissertation, University of Amsterdam. PDF Download.

Strongman, Roberto (2008). The Afro-Diasporic Body in Haitian Vodou and the Transcending of Gendered Cartesian Corporeality. KUNAPIPI, Journal of Postcolonial Writing & Culture, 30(2): 11-29.  PDF Download. Download Page. Author Home Page.

Strongman, Roberto (2008). Transcorporeality in Vodou. Journal of Haitian Studies, 14(2): 4-29. PDF Download. Download Page. Author Home Page.

Strongman, Roberto (2006). Gay Human Rights in Cuba: Exile, Hegemony and Liberation in Reinaldo Arenas's La Vieja Rosa and Arturo, La Estrella Más Brillante. Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies, 15(3): 355-367. PDF Download. Download Page. Author Home Page.

Strongman, Roberto (2002). Syncretic Religion and Dissident Sexualities. In: Globalizations: Citizenship and the Afterlife of Colonialism - 2002 - edited by Arnaldo Cruz-Malave, Martin Manalansan (Google Books), pp. 176-192. Author Home Page.

Strongman, Roberto (2005). Development and Same-Sex Desire in Caribbean Allegorical Autobiography: Shani Mootoo's Cereus Blooms at Night,and Jamaica Kincaid's Annie John and Lucy. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing, 27(1): 26-41. PDF Download. Download Page.Queer Globalizations: Citizenship and the Afterlife of Colonialism - 2002 - edited by Arnaldo Cruz-Malave, Martin Manalansan (Google Books) (See: "Syncretic Religion and Dissident Sexualities" by Roberto Strongman, pp. 176-192.Thélot F-L E, Louis J-C,  Bastien HB (2008). Homosexualité masculine et VIH/Sida en Haïti: Dossier de Presse de Panos Caraïbes. Port-au-Prince, Haiti: Panos Caraïbes, Bureau Central. PDF Download.

Thing, James (2009). Entre maricones machos, y gays: Globalization and the construction of sexual identities among queer Mexicanos. PhD. Dissertation, University of Southern California. PDF Download. Abstract & Download Page. PDF Download.

Toro-Alfonso J (2009). La inversión del género como límite a la aceptación de empleados y empleadas de agencias de gobierno en Puerto Rico hacia la comunidad gay en Puerto Rico. Cuadernos de la Revista Cayey #3 / Serie Monográfica: 141-158. PDF Download. Translation.

Toro-Alfonso J (2008). Ciudadanía condicionada: Percepción de la comunidad gay sobre la tolerancia en Puerto Rico. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 19: 42-69. PDF Download. PDF Download. English Abstract.

Toro-Alfonso J (2007). By Way of Exclusion: Homophobia and Citizenship in Puerto Rico. PDF Download.

Toro-Alfonso, José (2005). El estudio de las homosexualidades: Revisión, retos éticos y metodológicos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales 14. PDF Download (Translation). PDF Download.

Toro-Alfonso J (1999). Domestic Violence Among Same Sex Partners in Puerto Rico: Implications for HIV Intervention. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 9(1), 69-78. Full text.

Toro-Alfonso J, Nieves-Rosa L, Zuluaga LG (2007).  Por la Vía de la Exclusión: Homofobia y Ciudadanía en Puerto Rico: Proyecto Homofobia: Resumen Ejecutivo. PDF Download. Translation.

Toro-Alfonso J, Rodríguez-Madera S (2004). Domestic violence in Puerto Rican gay male couples: perceived prevalence, intergenerational violence, addictive behaviors, and conflict resolution skills. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(6): 639-54. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Toro-Alfonso J, Varas-Díaz N (2005). Exclusión e internalización del estigma en hombres que tienen sexo con hombres en la República Dominicana: Implicaciones para la salud en América Latina y el Caribe. PDF Download. Translation.

Toro-Alfonso J, Varas-Díaz N (2004). Los otros: prejuicio y distancia social hacia hombres gay y lesbianas en una muestra de estudiantes de nivel universitario. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 4(3): 537-551. PDF Download. Translation. English Abstract.

Toro-Alfonso J, et al. (2006). Strengths and Vulnerabilities of a Sample of Gay and Bisexual Male Adolescents in Puerto Rico. Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 40(1): 59-68. PDF Download. Full Text.

Toro-Alfonso J, Rodríguez-Madera S (2004). Sexual Coercion in a Sample of Puerto Rican Gay Males. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 17(1): 47-58. PDF Download.

Trumbull, Charles (2002). Prostitution and Sex Tourism in Cuba. Cuba in Transition, 11: 356-71. PDF DownloadPDF Download.

Varas-Díaz N, Toro-Alfonso J, Serrano-García I (2005). My Body, My Stigma: Body Interpretations in a Sample of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Puerto Rico. The Qualitative Report, 10(1): 122-142. PDF Download.

Verduzco IL, Díaz-Loving R (2010). Medición de la identidad sexual en México. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 21: 133-154. PDF Download. Translation.

White RC, Carr R (2005). Homosexuality and HIV/AIDS stigma in Jamaica. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 7(4): 347-359. PDF Download. PDF Download.

White YR, Barnaby L, Swaby A, Sandfort T (2010). Mental Health Needs of Sexual Minorities in Jamaica. International Journal of Sexual Health, 22(2): 91-102. Abstract. PDF.

Williams J (1998). Homosexuality and Political Activism in Latin American Culture: An Arena for Popular Culture and Comix. Other Voices, 1(2). Full text. Full Text.


Central/South America

Barrán JP (----). Homosexualidad en la Historia de Uruguay: Visión Social de la Homosexualidad. José Pedro Barrán es Catedrático de Historia del Uruguay, de la Licenciatura en Historia de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de la República. Full Text. (Translation) Full Text. (Translation)

de Braz CA (2006+). Macho versus Macho: a produção discursiva da hiper-masculinidade em alguns contextos homoeróticos na cidade de São Paulo. Full Text. Translation. Download Page.

de Sousa ICF, Cruz FO  (2000). Conceptual and Practical Approaches to HIV/AIDS: The Brazilian Experience. Current Issues in Comparative Education, 3(1):  Full Text, PDF Download.

Decker JC (2007). The progression of the gay rights movement in Buenos Aires, Argentina. PDF Download.

Douglas, Eduardo de Jesus (1998). The colonial self: homosexuality and mestizaje in the art of Nahum B. Zenil. Art Journal, 57(3): 14-21. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com.

Green JN (2003). Homosexuality, Eugenics, and Race: Controlling and Curing “Inverts” in Rio de Janeiro in the 1920s and '30. Paper presented at the onference "The Body and the Body Politic in Latin America.". Presented at the Conference on “The Body and the Body Politic in Latin America,” Center for Historical Studies, University of Maryland at College Park. April 18-19, 2003. PDF Download. Download Page.

Green JN (2001). Challenging National Heroes and Myths: Male Homosexuality and Brazilian History. Estudios Interdisciplinatios De America Latina Y El Caribe, 12(1). Full Text. Download Page.

Guajardo G (2006). Visibilidad y Participación Social de las Homosexualidades en Chile: La emergencia de una esfera pública subalterna. Revista Mad: Revista del Magíster en Antropología y Desarrollo, 14. PDF Download.

Gutiérrez J-P, et al. (2006). Correlates of condom use in a sample of MSM in Ecuador. BMC Public Health, 6: 152. Full text.

Izazola-Licea JA, Gortmaker SL, De Gruttola V, Mann J (2000). Prevalence of Same-Gender Sexual Behavior and HIV in a Probability Household Survey in Mexican Men. Journal of Sex Research, 37(1): 37-43.  Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)

Kulick D, Klein C (2001). Scandalous acts: the politics of shame among Brazilian travesti prostitutes. Paper presented at the "Gender and Citizenship: Looking Across Policy Borders" Symposia, Ledamotshuset, Sweden. PDF Download. Full Text. Home Page. Scandalous acts: The politics of shame among Brazilian travesti prostitutes. In B. Hobson (Ed.), Recognition Struggles and Social Movements. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Machado, Joani de Nazaré Campos; Silva, Silvia Cristina de Souza SILVA(2002). Perfil psicossocial da prostituição masculina em Belém. Universidade da Amazônia. Belém-Pará. PDF Download.

Mariño R, Minichiello V, Disogra C (2003). Male sex workers in Córdoba, Argentina: sociodemographic characteristics and sex work experiences. Rev Panam Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health 13(5), 311-19. PDF Download.

Marsiaj JP (2006). How Relevant Are Legislatures? Sexual Diversity Politics and Political Institutions in Brazil. Papern prepared for delivery at the 2006 Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association, York University, Toronto, Ontario, June 1-3, 2006. PDF Download.

Mendès-Leite R (1995). Michê: la masculinité au marche ou les aléas de la "prostitution virile" au Brésil. In: Mendès-Leite, R. (dir.) Un sujet inclassable ? Approches sociologiques, littéraires et juridiques des homosexualités. Lille, GKC, 1995. Full Text. Bibliographie.

Monteiro M (2001). Contemporary male homoeroticism in Brazilian gay magazines: the case of Sui Generis and HomensFull TextDownload Page.

Monteiro M (2000). O homoerotismo nas revistas Sui Generis e  Homens. Full Text. Translation. Download Page.

Mott L (2003). O jovem homossexual: noções básicas de direitos humanos para professores, professoras e para adolescentes gays, lésbicas e transgêneros. Revista do Mestrado em Educação, 7: 95-102. PDF Download. Abstract also in English.

Muñoz CB (2004). Identidades translocales y orientación sexual en Caracas: arqueología, genealogía y tecnologías de la orientación sexual. Programa Globalización, Cultura Y Transformaciones Sociales. Centro De Investigaciones Postdoctorales, Facultad De Ciencias Económicas Y Sociales, Universidad Central De Venezuela (Word Download).

Nussbauner GM (2005). Homossexualidade e subjetividade on line: um estudo de comunidades virtuais gays. Alceu: Revista de Comunicação, Cultura e Política, 6(11): 64-76. PDF Download.

Orellana JO, et al. (2001). Actidud hacia la homosexualidad en estudiantes de Iztacala UNAMFull Text. Full Text. Translation. Translation.

Pinella AP, et al. (2003). Evaluación clínica de la orientación sexual en adolescentes. El papel de médicos generales y pediatras. Med UNAB, 6(17): 93-97. PDF Download.

Parry O (1996). In One Ear and Out the Other: Unmasking Masculinities in the Caribbean Classroom. Sociological Research Online, 1(2). Full text.

Pérotin-Dumon A (----). Las crónicas de Pedro Lemebel y la identidad homosexual en Chile, 1890-1990. Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Rios LP (2003). Parcerias e práticas sexuais de jovens homossexuais no Rio de Janeiro. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 19, Supplement 2. Full text.

Salazar X, et al. (2005). Vulnerability and sexual risks: Vagos and vaguitas in a low income town in Peru. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 7(4): 375–387. PDF Download.

Stern R (2001). Gay Costa Rica: Gay Life and Democratic Process in Costa Rica. Gay and Lesbian Review, July/August. Full text.

Vergès C (2007). Programas De Educación Sexual En Panamá. Act Bioethica, 13 (1) (Full Text) (Translation).

Williams, Jeff (1998). Homosexuality and Political Activism in Latin American Culture: An Arena for Popular Culture and Comix. Other Voices, 1(2). Full text.

Zzunt JR, et al. (2006). Risk factors for HTLV-II infection in Peruvian men who have sex with men. American Journal of Tropical medicine and Hygene, 74(5): 922–925. PDF Download.

African Sexual Minorities:

Note: Additions to this list will initially be made on - This Web Page (End of Page) - and here about one year later.


From Social Silence to Social Science: Same-sex sexuality, HIV & AIDS and Gender in South Africa - 2009 - edited by Vasu Reddy, Theo Sandfort & Laetitia Rispel (Amazon) (Review) (Podcast Package: Same-sex sexuality, HIV & AIDS and Gender in South Africa) (Free Download. Download Page). Contents: Foreword. - Introduction. - - Theory, methodology, context: 1 Researching same-sex sexuality and HIV.  2 Sexuality research in South Africa: The policy context.  3 Same-sex sexuality and health: Current psychosocial scientific research in South Africa.  4 Homosexual and bisexual labels: The need for clear conceptualisations, operationalisations and appropriate methodological designs.  5 Gender, same-sex sexuality and HIV/AIDS in South Africa: Practical research challenges and solutions.  6 From social silence to social science: HIV research among township MSM in South Africa. -- History, memory, archive:  7 Gay AIDS activism in South Africa prior to 1994.  8 Sexing women: Young black lesbian women’s reflections on sex and responses to safe(r) sex in Johannesburg.  9 Creating memory: Documenting and disseminating life stories of LGBTI people living with HIV
Ruth Morgan, Busi Kheswa, John Meletse.  10. Perspectives from sub-Saharan and southern Africa 10 What we know about same-sex practicing people and HIV in Africa.  11 Same-sex sexuality and HIV/AIDS: A perspective from Malawi.  12 A bird’s eye view of HIV and gay and lesbian issues in Zimbabwe. 13 Epidemiological disjunctures: A review of same-sex sexuality and HIV research in sub-Saharan Africa. -- Needs, programming, policy and direction for future research:  14 Mobilising gay and lesbian organisations to respond to the political challenges of the South African HIV epidemic.  15 Are South African HIV policies and programmes meeting the needs of samesex practising individuals?  16 Lessons learned from current South African HIV/AIDS research among lesbian/gay/bisexual populations.  17 Observations on HIV and AIDS in Cape Town’s LGBT population.  18 Some personal and political perspectives on HIV/AIDS in Ethekwini.  19 Health for all? Women who have sex with women (WSW) health needs and issues. -- Conclusions:  20 Taking research-based prevention forward.

The Prize and the Price: Shaping sexualities in South Africa (Free Download) - 2009 - edited by Melissa Steyn, Mikki van Zyl (Amazon). - Some Sections with Homosexuality Related Issues: Foreword. - 1. The Prize And The Price. - 5. Renegotiating masculinity in the Lowveld: narratives of male-male sex in compounds, prisons and at home. - 7. Are blind people better lovers? - 8. Sexuality in later life. - 13. Heterosex among young South Africans: Research reflections. - 17. Queer marriage: Sexualising citizenship and the development of freedoms in South Africa. - 18. Beyond the Constitution: from sexual rights to belonging. - Conclusion: Shaping sexualities.  See also the Index.

The country we want to live in Hate crimes and homophobia in the lives of black lesbian South Africans (Free Download) - 2010 - by Nonhlanhla Mkhize, Jane Bennett, Vasu Reddy, Relebohile Moletsane (Full Text) (HSRC Seminar: The Country We Want to Live In - Hate Crimes and Homophobia in the Lives of Black Lesbian South Africans). Contents: Foreword. - Preface. - - Part I: Context and History:  Context and socio-political background. - Language and vocabulary. - The delimitations of this report. - -  Part II: Perspective and Profile: Roundtable Seminar on Gender-Based Violence, Black Lesbians, Hate Speech and Homophobia. - - Part III: Current and Future Prospects: Legally-focused campaigning. - Conclusions and Recommendations: a way forward?

Dubel I, Hielkema A, Eds. (2008). Urgency Required: Gay and Lesbian Rights are Human Rights. [This book is an expanded English version of Urgentie Geboden (in Dutch), ISBN 978-90-6665-967-4, that also appeared as Issue 33 / 34 (June 2008) of the Journal for Humanistics].  PDF Download. Part 3 Africa: Behind the Mask - Bart Luirink. - - Simon Tseko Nkoli - Ireen Dubel. - - Queer Jihad. A View from South Africa - Scott Kugle. - - Self-portrait - Chan Mubanga. - How to be a ‘Real’ Gay - Gert Hekma. - - Tommy Boys, Lesbian Men and Ancestral Wives. Female Same-Sex Practices in Africa - Gertrude Fester. - - Black Bull, Ancestors and Me. My Life as a Lesbian Sangoma - Boshadi.Semenya - - Self-portrait - Victor Juliet Mukasa. - - Homosexuality in Cameroon. Identity and Persecution - Peter Geschiere. - - Urgent Goals of LGBTI Liberation - David Kuria
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Abu-Raddad LJ, et al. (2010). Characterizing the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa. Washinton, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Agyemang S, Wallace BC, Liebman RE (2008). An Exploratory Internet Study of Black Men on the Down Low: Potential Factors Related to Non-Disclosure to Female Partners and Inconsistent Condom Use for Black Men who Have Sex with Men and Women (MSMW). The Journal of Equity in Health, 1(1): 79-97. PDF Download. Download Page.

Almgren T (1997). Homosexualty in non-European Cultures. Full Text.

Anderson, Ben (2007). The Politics of Homoseuxality in Africa. Africana, 1(1): 123-136. PDF Download.

Annandale, Gertruida Cornelia (2006). The experiential world of adolescent learners with homosexual parents. Master's Dissertation, Education, University of South Africa. PDF Download. Download Page.

Anyamele C, Lwabaayi R, Nguyen T-V, Binswanger H (2005). Sexual Minorities, Violence and AIDS in Africa. Africa Region Working Paper Series No 84. PDF Download.

Arndt, Marlene (2010). Attitudes towards bisexual men and women: the relationship between respondents' attitudes and their sexual orientation. PhD Dissertation, University of Johannesburg. Download Page.

Arndt M, de Bruin G (2006). Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men: Relations With Gender, Race and Religion Among University Students. PINS, 33: 16-30. PDF Download.

Arnott J, Crago A-L (2009). Rights Not rescue: A Report on Female, Male, and Trans Sex Workers’ Human Rights in Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa. Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa Sexual Health and Rights Project, Open Society Institute. PDF Download.

Awondo SP (2006). L'homosexualité dans les représentations sociales camerounaises: esquisse d'une anthropologie à partir des Beti. PDF Download. Download Page. Translation.

Ayala G, et al. (2010). Social Discrimination Against Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM): Implications for HIV Policy and Programs. The Global Forum on MSM and HIV (MSMGF). PDF Download.

Azuah, Unoma (2011). Extortion and Blackmail of Nigerian Lesbians and Bisexual Women. In: Ryan Thoreson & Sam Cook, Eds.. Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa, pp. 46-59. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Balcha, Daniel Iddo (2009). Homosexuaity in Ethiopia. Master's Dissertation, Faculty of the Social Sciences, Lund University. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download. Download Page.

Baral S, Trapence G, Motimedi F, Umar E, Iipinge S, Dausab F, Beyrer C (2009). HIV prevalence, risks for HIV infection, and human rights among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana. PLoS One, 4(3): e4997. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Barker G, Ricardo C (2005). Young Men and the Construction of Masculinity in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for HIV/AIDS, Conflict, and Violence. Social Development Papers: Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction, Paper No. 26. PDF Download.

Belkin A, Canaday M (2010). Assessing the integration of gays and lesbians: Into the South African National Defence Force. Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies, 38(2): 1-21. PDF Download.

Ben-Asher, Noa (2005). Screening Historical Sexualities: A Roundtable on Sodomy, South Africa, and Proteus (with Brassel, Garrett, Greyson, Lewis, Newton-King). GLQ, Journal of Gay & Lesbian Studies, 11(3): 437-455. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Beresford B, et al. (2007)Constitutional Authority and its Limitations: The Politics of Sexuality in South Africa. PDF Download.

Beyrer C, Trapence G, Motimedi F, Umar E, Iipinge S, Dausab F, Baral S (2010). Bisexual concurrency, bisexual partnerships, and HIV among Southern African men who have sex with men. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 86(4): 323-7. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

Binagwaho A, et al. (2009). Exploring HIV Risk among MSM in Kigali, Rwanda. PDF Download.

Blackwood, Evelyn (2004). Conference Report: The Women’s Same-Sex Forum and African Women’s Life History Project of Sex and Secrecy: The 4th Conference of the International Association for the Study of Sexuality, Culture, and Society. Johannesburg, South Africa, June 22-25. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 1(1): 104-107. PDF Download.

Botha MP (2003). Homosexuality and South African cinema. Kinema, 19, Spring 2003:39-64. Full Text.

Bousfiha S, Fdaïl M, Mekouar (2006). Male Prostitution in Morocco. PDF Download.

Brody S, Potterat JJ (2003). Assessing the role of anal intercourse in the epidemiology of AIDS in Africa. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 14: 431-436. PDF Download. Full Text. Abstract.

Broqua C (2004). Vulnérabilité des hommes ayant des pratiques homosexuelles à Dakar. Transcriptase, 117. Full Text. Translation.

Broqua C (2004). Sexualités entre hommes, VIH et Afrique. Conférence internationale sur le sida, automne 2004. Also in: Transcriptase, 118. Full Text. Translation. Full Text. Translation.

Butler A (2004). Taxonomy of Feelings Associated with the Coming Out Process of South Asrican Gya and Lesbian Youth. PDF Download. Author Website.

Butler A (2000). A Qualitative Study on the Coming Out Process of Gay and Lesbian Youth. PhD Dissertation, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Porth Elizabeth. PDF Download. Author Website.

Butler A, Alpaslan N, Strumpher N, Astbury G (2003). Gay and Lesbian Youth Experiences of Homophobia in South African Secondary Education. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Issues in Secondary Education. 1(2/3): 3-28. PDF Download. Author Website.

Butler A, Astbury G (2005). South Africa: LGBT issues. In James T. Sears (Ed.), Youth, education, and sexualities: An international encyclopedia, pp. 810-814. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. PDF Download.Author Website.

Butler A, Astbury G (2005). South African LGBT youth. In James T. Sears (Ed.), Youth, education, and sexualities: An international encyclopedia, pp. 814-817. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. PDF Download. Author Website.

Canaday M (2002). The Effect of Sodomy Laws on Lifting the Ban of Homosexual Personnel: 3 Case Studies. White Paper. Includes South Africa. Full TextPDF Download.

Cassiau-Haurie C, Luwa S (2009). L'homosexualité en Afrique, un tabou persistant L'exemple de la RDC. Africultures - Analyse. Full Text, Translation..  Full Text, Translation.

Chacha BK,  Nyangena K (2006). Globalisation of Sex and the Problematics of Gender Identities in Africa: From Human Rights to Women’s Rights to Sexual Freedom. CODESRIA Bulletin, Nos 1/2. PDF Download N/A. Home Page. Issues Now Online.

Chibwezo, Wiseman  (2011). Blackmail Among Gay People in Malawi. In: Ryan Thoreson & Sam Cook, Eds.. Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa, pp. 74-88. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Christiansen, Eric C (2000). Ending the Apartheid of the Closet: Sexual Orientation in the South African Constitutional Process. New York University Journal of International Law and Politics (JILP), 32(997): 1-36. PDF Download.

Cloete A, Rispel L, Reddy V, Metcalf C (2010). Constructs of identity and HIV risk behaviours among men who have sex with men (MSM) in two South African cities. PPT Presentaton at the
Third Annual International Colloquium "Gender, Sexuality, History and Culture in Africa", University of Lagos, Nigeria.
PDF Download.

Cloete A, Rispel L, Metcalf C, Reddy V (2010). Being Straight and being Gay: Identity or Multiple Desire: The Case of South Africa. Sexuality in Africa: Magazine Monographs, 6(1): 9-10. PDF Download. Full Text.

Cloete A, Sanger N, Simbayi LC (2011). Are HIV positive women who have sex with women (WSW) an unrecognized and neglected HIV risk group in South Africa? Journal of AIDS and HIV Research, 3(1): 1-5. PDF Download. Abstract.

Cloete A, Simbayi LC, Kalichman SC (2008). Disclosure decisions of HIV positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in Cape Town, South Africa. Human Science Research Council. PPT Presentation as PDF.

Cloete A, Simbayi LC, Kalichman SC, Strebel A, Henda N (2008). Stigma and discrimination experiences of HIV-positive men who have sex with men in Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS Care, 20(9): 1105-10. Abstract. Full Text. PDF Download.

Cobbinah, Mac-Darling (2011). Because of You”: Blackmail and Extortion of Gay and Bisexual Men in Ghana. In: Ryan Thoreson & Sam Cook, Eds.. Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa, pp. 60-73. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Cochrane N (2006). Uit in die kuberruim: enkele waardetoevoegings en uitdagings ten opsigte van Gay@Litnet binne Suid-Afrikaanse konteks. PDF Download. Translation. PDF DownloadTranslation

Cochrane N (2005). Voicing gay experience in South Africa (2002-2005): democratization, minorities and cyberspace. PDF Download. Paper Presented at the 2nd Sexualities Global Conference.

Cock J (2003). Engendering gay and lesbian rights: the equality cluase in the South African Constitution. Women’s Studies International Forum, 26(1): 35–45. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Coelho, Tony (2009). When the Global and the Local Collide: Gay Identity in Brazil and South Africa According to Parker and Reid. Amsterdam Social Science, 1(2): 6-23. PDF Download. PDF Download.- Summary &  Download Page.

Coetzee, Catherine Anne (2009). The development and evaluation of a programme to promote sensitive pscyhotherapeutic practice with gay men and lesbians. PhD Dissertation, Rhodes University. Abstract and Download Page.

Consultancy Africa Intelligence (2011). Perpetrators of corrective rape: Uncertainty and gender in the 21st century. Full Text.

Consultancy Africa Intelligence (2010). Colonial Sodomy: Homophobic threat within common law. Full Text.

Corboz, Julienne (2008). Results of a Contextual Scoping Study: East Africa - Kenya and Uganda. PDF Download. Download Page.

Croucher, Sheila (2002). South Africa's Democratisation and the Politics of Gay Liberation. Journal of Southern African Studies, 28(2): 315-330. PDF Download.

Currier, Ashley (2007). Transgender Inclusion in the Namibian and South African LGBT Movements. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, New York, New York. Full Text.

Currier, Ashley McAllister (2007). The Visibility of Sexual Minority Movement Organizations in Namibia and South Africa. PhD Dissertation, Sociology, University of Pittsburgh. PDF Download. Download Page.

Dahoma M, Johnston LG, Holman A, Miller LA, Mussa M, Othman A, Khatib A, Issa R, Kendall C, Kim AA (2011). HIV and related risk behavior among men who have sex with men in Zanzibar, Tanzania: results of a behavioral surveillance survey. AIDS and Behavior, 15(1): 186-92. PDF Download. Abstract.

da Silva et al. (2010). Study about vulnerability and risk to HIV infection among Men who have Sex with Men in Maputo City. Maputo, Mozambique: Lambda – Mozambican Association for Sexual Minority Rights, Population Services Mozambique (PSI), Pathfinder International,UNFPA. PDF Download. Download Page.

da Silva et al. (2010). Estudo sobre vulnerabilidade e risco de infecção pelo HIV entre os Homens que fazem sexo com Homens na Cidade de Maputo.. Maputo, Moçambique: Lambda – Associação de Defesa das Minorias Sexuais (em formação), Population Services Mozambique (PSI), Pathfinder International,UNFPA. PDF Download. Download Page.

de Gruchy J, Lewin S (2001). Ethics that exclude: the role of ethics committees in lesbian and gay health research in South Africa. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6): 865-8. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

Dodds C, et al. (2004). Outsider status: Stigma and discrimination experienced by Gay men and African people with HIV. United Kingdom: Sigma Research. PDF Download.

Dodge B, Jeffries WL 4th, Sandfort TG (2008). Beyond the Down Low: sexual risk, protection, and disclosure among at-risk Black men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW). Archives of Sexual Behavior,  37(5): 683-696. PDF Download. Abstract.

Donham DL (1998). Freeing South Africa: The "Modernization" of Male-Male Sexuality in Soweto. Cultural Anthropology, 13(1): 3-21.  PDF Download.

Douglas, Ben (2007). The Politics of Homosexuality in Africa. Africana: A Journal of Ideas on Africa and the African Diaspora, 1(1): 123-134. PDF Download.

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Fabeni S, Johnson CA, Nana J (2007?). The Violations of the Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Persons in Zambia. Submitted to the Human Rights Committee. Released: 2007. PDF Download. Word Download.

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Gevisser, Mark (2000). Mandela's stepchildren: homosexual identity in post-apartheid South Africa. In: Different Rainbows: Same-Sex Sexualities and Popular Movements in the Third World - 2000 - edited by Peter Drucker.  PDF DownloadAuthor Website.

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Graham T, Kiguwa S (2005+). Experiences of Black LGBTI Youth In Peri-Urban Communities in South Africa. Formative Research: For LGBTI Radio Drama Being Produced by CommunityMedia for Development/CMFD Productions andThe Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA).  PDF Download.

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Gueboguo C (2006). It était une fois ... l'homosexualité contée aux journalistes camerounais. Communication présentée à l’école de journalisme et de science des communications à Yaoundé (ESSTIC) à Yaoundé, vendredi 24 février 2006. PDF Download. TranslationDownload Page.

Gueboguo C (2006). Pour une lecture revue et corrigée de l'homosexualité dans la pensée doxique africaine : Impacts, dérapages et risques. Communication présentée à l’Université Catholique d’Afrique Centrale, campus de Nkolbisson, dans le cadre des activités de l’APDHAC-ACTION (branche estudiantine de l’Association pour la Promotion des Droits de l’Homme en Afrique Centrale), le mercredi 18 janvier 2006. PDF Download. Translation. Download Page.

Guegogua C (2006). L'homosexualité en Afrique : sens et variations d'hirer à nos jours. Socio-logos, 37(1). Full Text. Translation. Full Text. Translation - Homosexualité en Afrique Noire Mythe ou réalité ? - « (Homo) sexualité » dans l’histoire africaine : socio-graphie et socio-analyse d’une activité « jouissive ». - Homosexualité ou homosexualités en Afrique : de quelques contours sémantiques dans les langues africaines. - « Homosexualité » en Afrique : construction historique. - Pratiques homosexuelles à travers les classes d’âge : les jeux érotiques chez les jeunes garçons. - « Homosexualité » dans les rites initiatiques. - « Homosexualité » en l’absence d’hommes et/ou de femmes. - « Gender-defined homosexuality ». - Manifestations et facteurs explicatifs de l’homosexualité dans les villes d’Afrique contemporaine. - De quelques facteurs sociologiques explicatifs de la visibilité homosexuelle en Afrique.

Gueboguo C, Epprecht M (2011). Extortion and Blackmail on the Basis of Sexual Orientation in Africa: A Case Study from Cameroon. In: Ryan Thoreson & Sam Cook, Eds.. Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa, pp. 89-110. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

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Gunda, Masiiwa Ragies (2010). The Bible and Homosexuality in Zimbabwe: A Socio-historical analysis of the political, cultural and Christian arguments in the homosexual public debate with special reference to the use of the BiblePDF Download.

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HRW & IGLHRC (2003). More than a Name: State-Sponsored Homophobia and Its Consequences in Southern Africa. New York, N.Y: Human Rights Watch. PDF Download.

INCRESE (2009). Report of the Survey on Sexual Diversity and Human Rights in Nigeria. PDF Download.

Institute of Environmental Sciences, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Senegal National AIDS Control Council (CNLS), Horizons Program (2002). Meeting the Needs of Men Who Have Sex With Men in Senegal. Report on research conducted in Senegal. Washington, DC: Population Council. PDF Download. Download Page.

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International HIV/AIDS Alliance (2009). Responding to the HIV-related Needs of MSM in Africa: A guide to facilitating a consultation workshop with stakeholders. Download Page.

Izugbara CO (2004). Patriarchal Ideology and Discourses of Sexuality in Nigeria.Understanding Human Sexuality Seminar Series 2. PDF Download.

Isaak PJ (1998). Homosexuality: dimensions of the issue in church and society in Namibia - Homosexuality: Some Elements for an Ecumenical Discussion. The Ecumenical Review.  Full Text

Isaack W, Gubkel h (2003). Troubling Gender: Homosexuality in an African Society. Paper presented at he Sex and Secrecy Conference 2003, the 4th Conference of the International Association for the Study of Sexuality,Culture and Society (IASSCS). PDF Download.

Johnson CA (2007). Off The Map: How HIV/AIDS Programming is Failing Same-Sex People in Africa. New York, New York: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC). PDF Download. Executive Summary.

Kaduuli S (2009). Perceptions of LGBT in Uganda and Africa. York University: Africa Leadership Institute. PDF Download

Kajubi P, Kamya MR, Raymond HF, Chen S, Rutherford GW, Mandel JS, McFarland W (2008). Gay and bisexual men in Kampala, Uganda. AIDS and Behavior, 12(3): 492-504. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

Kalamar, Matthew John (2009). Exploring the factors affecting HIV prevention interventions for men who have sex with men (MSM) in Cameroon : a case study of Alternatives-Cameroun, an NGO based in the city of Douala. Master's Dissertation, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. PDF Download. Download Page.

Kaoma, Kapya (2009). Globalizing the Culture Wars: U.S. Conservatives, African Churches, and Homophobia. Political Research Associates. PDF Download

Kennedy, Brett (2006). Homosexuals in the Periphery: Gay and Lesbian Rights in Developing Africa. University of Nebraska, Lincoln. PDF Download.

Khaxas, E, Wieringa S (2007). Same-Sex Sexuality among Damara Women. In: Suzanne LaFont and Dianne Hubbard, Eds., Unravelling Taboos: Gender and Sexuality in Namibia. Windhoek, Namibi: Gender Research & Advocacy Project, Legal Assistance Centre. PDF Download.

King MJ (2007). Homosexuality in Cameroon’s Public Sphere: Rejecting Homosexuality as Protest against the Other. Washington University Undergraduate Digest, 2(2): 7-16.  PDF Download.

Kiragu J, Nyong’o Z (2005). LGBTI Organizing in East Africa: The True Test for Human Rights Defenders. UAF-Africa. PDF Download. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Klaaren J (2005). Southern Africa: As Seen Through Sexuality, Mobility and Citizenship. African Sociological Review, 9(2): 168-183. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Klein, Thamar (2009). Intersex and transgender activism in South Africa. Liminalis: Journal for sex/gender emancipation and resistance, 3. PDF Download. Download Page.

Klein, Thamar (2009). Trans citizenship in the making: the case of South Africa. Paper presented at the 3rd European Conference on African Studies, Leipzig, Germany. Word Download.

Kotzé, Marinda (2009). Men who have sex with men: A neglected HIV risk population in Africa. Full Text.

Kovac, Amy L (2003). Africa's rainbow nation. Journal of Southern African Studies, 28(2). Full Text.

Kraak, Gerald  (2002). Homosexuality and the South African left: the amibiguities of exile. On The Subject of Sex & The Body Seminar Series (in collaboration with the Graduate School for the Humanities and the School of Arts). Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WISER), The University of Witwatersrand. PDF Download. Download Page.

Krause, Kristina (2006). Being a Lesbian in South AfricaWord Download.

Kugle, Scott (2005). Queer Jihad. A View from South Africa. ISIM Review 16, Autumn. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Lagabrielle R (2006). Le pouvoir de l’homosexualité dans la littérature maghrébine de langue française. A propos d’Eyet-Chékib Djaziri. Stichproben. Wiener Zeitschrift für kritische Afrikastudien, 11(6): 63-80. PDF Download. Translation

Landry D, Foucault P (2008). Trajectoires arcs-en-ciel de l’Afrique: Expérience vécue d’immigrants homosexuels d’origine africaine. Travail présenté à Mme Linda Pietrantonio, cours ANT 3517, Session d’hiver 2008. Université d'Ottawa. PDF Download. Translation.

Lane T, et al (2006). High-Risk Sex among Black MSM in Gauteng, South Africa. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Lane T, Raymond HF, Dladla S, Rasethe J, Struthers H, McFarland W, McIntyre J (2011). High HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men in Soweto, South Africa: results from the Soweto Men's Study. AIDS and Behavior, 15(3): 626-34. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Lane T, Mogale T, Struthers H, McIntyre J, Kegeles SM (2008). "They see you as a different thing": the experiences of men who have sex with men with healthcare workers in South African township communities. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 84(6): 430-433. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Larmarange J, et al (2009). Homosexuality and Bisexuality in Senegal: A Multiform Reality. Population, 64: 635-666. Full Text. - Homo-bisexualités au Sénégal : une réalité multiforme (2009, Translation).

Larmarange J, et al (2008). Homosexuels masculins  : une épidémie sous-estimée”, Transcriptases / ANRS Information, 138. Download Page. Translation.

Larmarange J, Wade AS, Diop AK, Diop O, Gueye K, Marra A, du Loû AD; for ELIHoS Group (2010). Men who have sex with men (MSM) and factors associated with not using a condom at last sexual intercourse with a man and with a woman in Senegal. PLoS One, 5(10). pii: e13189. Abstract PDF Download.

Legrand A, Yomb Y, Bourrelly M, Lorente N, NKom A (2010). MSM law in francophone Africa and the fight against AIDS: the hypocrisy of certain countries. HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review, 14(3): 13-7.  Abstract PDF Download.

Li, XinLing (2010). Disjunctures within conventional knowledge of black male homosexual identity in contemporary South Africa. Masters Dissertation, Rhodes University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Liddle, Rod (2003). Who's to blame for African homophobia? We are, of course. The Spectator, October 18. Full Text.

Lindström, Christina (2009). Narratives of Lesbian Existence in Egypt: Coming to Terms with Identities. Bachelor Dissertaton, Middle Eastern and North African Studies, Stockholm University. PDF Download.

Livermon X (2001). Dark and Lovely Soft and Free: The Politics of Representing African Sexualities. CCMS: Gender & Culture. Full Text. Full Text.

Livingston L, et al. (2008). Prism Project: Needs Assessment Report: Resourced Gay Men in Tshwane aged 18-40, 2007/8. Pretoria: OUT Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual/Transgender (LGBT) Well-Being. PDF Download.

Long, Scott (2004). Anatomy of a Backlash: Sexuality and the "Cultural" War on Human Rights. Human Rights Watch. PDF Download.

Lorway, Robert (2007). Health Silence: HIV Risk and Male-Male Sexual Practices in the Windhoek Urban Area. In: Suzanne LaFont and Dianne Hubbard, Eds., Unravelling Taboos: Gender and Sexuality in Namibia. Windhoek, Namibi: Gender Research & Advocacy Project, Legal Assistance Centre. PDF Download.

Lubbe, Carien (2007). Mothers, fathers or parents: Same-gendered families in South Africa. South African Journal of Psychology, 37(2): 260-283. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Lubbe-De Beer, Carien (2008). The experiences of children growing up in lesbian-headed families in South Africa. Journal of GLBT family studies, 4(3): 325-359. PDF Download. Download Page. Abstract.

Lundholm, Klara (2009). Challenging heteronormativity in the post-colonial nation building of Namibia. Master's Dissertation, Department of Political Science, Umea University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Mabitla, Makwetle Aubrey (2006). Causes and manifestation of aggression among secondary school learners. Master's dissertation, Education, University of South Africa. PDF Download. Download Page.

Masango, Maake (2002). Homosexuality: A challenge to African churches. HTS Teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies, 58(3): 956-972. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Mathuray, Mark (2000). On the (African) national question: Sexuality and tradition. Queering Development Seminar Series, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Maunze, Rumbidzai (2009). A history of debates on sexuality in Zimbabwe. Master's Dissertation, Historisch-Kulturwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität Wien. Download Page.

Mbali, Mandisa (2005). The Treatment Action Campaign and the History of Rights-Based, Patient-Driven HIV/AIDS Activism in South Africa: Research Report No. 29. University of Kwazulu-Natal Centre for Civil Society. PDF Download. Download Page.

McGuuinness J (2006). Between the Parc de la Ligue Arabe and Cybermen.com: Being Gay Offline and Online in Urban Morocco. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Dresden International Congress Centre, Dresden, Germany. Full Text.

Mieses A (2009). Gender Inequality and Corrective Rape of Women Who Have Sex With Women. GMHC Treatment Issues. PDF Download.

Millett G, Malebranche D, Mason B, Spikes P (2005). Focusing "down low": bisexual black men, HIV risk and heterosexual transmission. Journal of the National Medical Association, 97(7 Suppl): 52S-59S. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Monamodi, Nthabiseng (2009). Rainbow Pride in The Rainbow Nation: The fictional representation of lesbians on the South African Broadcasting Corporation. Master's Dissertation, Faculty of Humanities, The University of the Witwatersrand. PDF Download. Download Page.

Morgan R, Reid G (2003). 'I've Got Two Men and One Woman': Ancestors, Sexuality and Identity among Same-Sex Identified Women Traditional Healers in South Africa. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 5(5): 375-391. PDF Download.

Mott, Luiz (2005). Raízes Históricas da Homossexualidade no Atlântico Lusófono Negro [Historical Roots of Homosexuality in 'Western Africa ?']. Afro-Ásia, 33: 9-33. PDF Download (Translation). PDF Download.

Mudavanhu, Jannet (2010). The attitude of the Methodist Church in Zimbabwe to homosexuality: towards a socio-sexological theological investigation. PhD. Dissertation, University of Birmingham. PDF Download. Download Page.

Muholi, Zanele  (2009). Mapping Our Histories: A Visual History of Black Lesbians in Post-Apartheid South Africa. PDF Download Other Writings. Home Page.

Muholi, Zanele (2008). (Un)Imagined Bodies and Identities. Documentary Studies II: Documentary Media Program, Ryerson University. PDF Download.

Murray SO (1998+). Homosexuality in “Traditional” Sub-Saharan Africa and Contemporary South Africa: An Overview. PDF Download.

Mushayabasa S, Bhunu CP (2011). Modeling HIV Transmission Dynamics among Male prisoners in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Applied Mathematics, 41(1): 62-67. PDF Download. Download Page.

Muthien, Bernedette (2008). Queerying Borders: An Afrikan Activist Perspective. PDF Download.

Muula AS (2007). Perceptions about Men Having Sex with Men in Southern African Country: Case Study of Print Media in Malawi. Croatian Medical Journal. 48: 398-404. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Naome-Buzindana (2010). Lesbian Study on Lived Realities of Same Sex Women in Rwanda. Kigali, Rwanda: Horizon Community Association (HOCA). PDF Download. Download Page: Horizon Community Association (HOCA).

National AIDS Control Council of Kenya and Population Council (2009). The overlooked epidemic: Addressing HIV prevention and treatment among men who have sex with men in sub-Saharan Africa, report of a consultation, Nairobi, Kenya, 14–15 May 2008,” Consultation Report. Nairobi: Population Council. PDF Download.

Nel, Juan A (2007). Lifting the veil: Experiences of gay men in a therapy group. South African Journal of Psychology, 37(2): 284-306. PDF Download. Abstract.

Nel JA (2005). Hate crimes: A new category of vulnerable victims for a new South Africa. In Davis, L., & Snyman, R. (Eds.) Victimology in South Africa. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik.  PDF Download. Download Page.

Nel JA, Judge M (2008). Exploring homophobic victimisation in Gauteng, South Africa: Issues, impacts and responses. Acta Criminologica, 21(3): 19-36. PDF Download. Download Page.

Niang CI, et al. Edited by Kees Kostermans and Aissatou Diack (2004). Targeting Vulnerable Groups in National HIV/AIDS Programs: The Case of Men Who Have Sex with Men: Senegal, Burkina Faso, The Gambia. Africa Region Human Development Working Paper Series. PDF Download.

Ntata PRT, Muula AS, Sisiya B (2008). Socio-demographic characteristics and sexual health related attitudes and practices of men having sex with men in central and southern Malawi. Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 10(3): 124-130. PDF Download. Abstract.

Ntseane, Peggy Gabo (2004). Cultural dimensions of sexuality: Empowerment challenge for HIV/AIDS prevention in Botswana. Paper presented at the International Seminar/Workshop on "Learning and Empowerment: Key Issues in strategies for HIV/AIDS Prevention," Chiangmai, Thailand. PDF Download.

Ntuli, Praisegod Mduduzi. (2009). IsiNgqumo : exploring origins, growth and sociolinguistics of an Nguni urban-township homosexual subculture. Master's Dissertation, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download. Abstract.

Nyanzi, Stella (2010). Politicising 'the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah': Examining Christian Rightists' war against homosexuality in Uganda. Draft Concept Paper prepared for the The Makerere Institute of Social Research (MISR), Uganda. PDF Download.

Nyanzi S (2006). Reflections on ‘Barren' but Pleasurable Sexualities in Africa. Sexuality in Africa Magazine, 3(2). PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Onyango-Ouma W, Birungi H, Geibel S (2005). Understanding the HIV/STI risks and prevention needs of men who have sex with men in Nairobi, Kenya, Horizons Final Report. Washington, D.C.: Population Council. Research. PDF Download. Summary: PDF Download.

Ottosson, Daniel (2010). State-sponsored Homophobia: A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults. ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. PDF Download.

Ottosson, Daniel (2009). Homophobie d'État: Une enquête mondiale sur les lois qui interdisent la sexualité entre adultes consentants de même sexe ILGA: Association Internationale des Lesbiennes, des Gays, des personnes Bisexuelles, Trans et Intersexuelles. PDF Download.

Pambazuka News (2010). Sexual orientation under the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights. Pambazuka News, Issue 506. Full text.

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Patron EJ (1995). Heart of Lavender: in search of gay Africa. Harvard Gay and Lesbian Review, Fall, 1995. Full Text. Full Text.

Pattman, Rob (2005). Researching and working with boys in Southern Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS - a radical approach. Sociology, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa. PDF Download.

Peach, Ricardo (2005). Queer cinema as a fifth cinema in South Africa and Australia. PhD. Dissertation, University of Technology, Sidney.  Abstract and PDF Download Page.

Pearson S, Makadzange P (2008). Help-seeking behaviour for sexual-health concerns: a qualitative study of men in Zimbabwe. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 10(4): 361-76. Abstract. PDF Download.

Phillips, Oliver (2011). Blackmail in Zimbabwe: Troubling Narratives of Sexuality and Human Rights. In: Ryan Thoreson & Sam Cook, Eds.. Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa, pp. 19-45. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Phillips, Oliver C (2009). Blackmail in Zimbabwe: Troubling Narratives of Sexuality and Human Rights. International Journal of Human Rights, 13(2): 345-364. Abstract and PDF Download Page.

Phillips O (2001). Constituting the Global Gay: issues of individual subjectivity and sexuality in Southern Africa. Published in Herman, D. and Stychin, C. (eds.) Sexuality in the Legal Arena. Athlone: 2001. PDF Download.

Polders LA, Nel JA, Kruger P, Wells H (2008). Factors affecting vulnerability to depression among gay men and lesbian women. South African Journal of Psychology, 38(4): 673-687. PDF Download. Download Page.

Polders LA (2006). Factors affecting vulnerability to depression among gay men and lesbian women. Master's Dissertation, University of South Africa. PDF Download. Download Page.

Population Council (2010). Understanding the HIV Risk and Sexual Health Needs of Men Who Have Sex With Men: Horizon Studies 2001 to 2008. PDF Download.

Posel D (2002). “Getting the Nation Talking about Sex”: Reflections on the Politics of Sexuality and ‘Nation-Building’ in Post-Apartheid South Africa. Draft: PDF Download. Download Page.

Punt, Jeremy (2005). Using the Bible in post-apartheid South Africa: Its influence and impact amidst the gay debate. Edited version of the paper presented at the Annual SBL Meeting in Philadelphia, PA. PDF Download.

Ranchod S, Boezak S (2007). Hivos’ role in LGBT emancipation in southern Africa: 1995 - 2006PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Ratele, Kopano (2006). Ruling masculinity and sexuality. Feminist Africa, 6: 48-64. PDF Download. Full Text N/A. Download Page N/A.

Raymond HF, McFarland W (2009). Racial mixing and HIV risk among men who have sex with men. AIDS and Behavior, 13(4): 630-7. PDF Download. Abstract.

Reddy, Vasu (2009). Gender variance and male-male sexualities across the global south: a South African perspective. Presentation, Gender variance and male-male sexualities across the global south (2009, Satellite Session, organized by the Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (ACPOM), Naz Foundation International and Hivos). PDF Download.

Reddy, Vasu (2005). Moffies, stabanis and lesbos: the political construction of queer identities in southern Africa. PHD Dissertation, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. PDF Download (Very large: 159 Megs). Download Page.

Reddy V, Sandfort T (2009). Researching MSM in South Africa: Some Preliminary Notes from the Frontlines of a Hidden Epidemic. Feminist Africa, 11: 29-54. PDF Download. Reference.

Rees, Jennifer (2010). Masculinity and sexuality in South African border war literature. Master's Dissertation, University of Stellenbosch. PDF Download. Download Page.

Samba, Chesterfield (2006). The Issues of Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender organising in Africa. Centre For Peace and Reconciliation Studies. PDF Download. Download Page.

Samelius L, Wågberg E (2005). Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Issues in Development: A Study of Swedish policy and administration of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender issues in international development cooperation.  Sida Health Division, Sweden. Study commissioned by Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. PDF Download.

Sandfort TG, Nel J, Rich E, Reddy V, Yi H (2008). HIV testing and self-reported HIV status in South African men who have sex with men: results from a community-based survey. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 84(6): 425-429. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract. PDF Download.

Sappe, Robin (2003). Le SIDA et les rapports sexuels entre hommes en Afrique Noire. Observatoire socio-épidémiologique du Sida et des Sexualités. Facultés Universitaires Saint-Louis.Bruxelles. PDF Download. Translation.

Schaff E (2010). "It’s a White People Thing": The Experience of Negotiating Sexual and Cultural Identity for Young-Adults in Durban. ISP Collection. Paper 851. Download Page.

Schaap, Rudy (2011). State of Emergency: An exploration of attitudes towards homosexuality in the SADF, 1969-1994. Master's Dissertation, History Department, Stellenbosch University. Abstract and Download Page.

Sinclair R (2005). The official treatment of white, South African, homosexual men and the consequent reaction of gay liberation from the 1960s to 2000. PhD Dissertation. University of Jahannesburg. Download Page.

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Sonnekus, Theo (2009). Invisible Queers: Investigating the 'other' Other in gay visual cultures. Master or Arts Dissertation, University of Pretoria. PDF Download. Download Page.

Stephens, Angeline V (2010). An exploration of Hate Crime and Homophobia in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: The Gay and Lesbian Network. PDF Download.

Swarr AL (2004). Moffies, Artists, and Queens: Race and the Production of South African Gay Male Drag. Abstract. Draft: Full Text.

Tamale, Sylvia (2003). Out of the Closet: Unveiling Sexuality Discourses in Uganda. Feminist Africa, 2. Full Text.

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Theuninck AC (2000). The Traumatic Impact of Minority Stressors on Males Self-Identified as Homosexual or Bisexual. Master's Dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Full Text & Summary N/A. (Archive Link)

Thoreson R, Cook S, Eds. (2011). Nowhere to Turn: Blackmail and Extortion of LGBT People in Sub-Saharan Africa. Brooklyn, NY: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download. - LGBT Africans face blacmail and extortion on a regular basis (2011, Alternate Link).

Tieu HV, Murrill C, Xu G, Koblin BA (2010). Sexual partnering and HIV risk among black men who have sex with men: New York City. Journal of Urban Health, 87(1): 113-21. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Tlou, Benedictor Leah (2007). Being gay in the management echelon of the South African Department of Defence: a life history. PhD Dissertation, University of Johannesburg. Download Page.

Tlou BL, Schurink W (2003). A Gay Woman's Experience During her Career in the Department of Defence: Fleet of Hope: A Social Science Commentary - Part 2. SA Journal of Human Resource Management [SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur], 1(3): 35-44. PDF Download.

TrustAfrica (2009). Conference Report: 15th International Conference on AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Africa (ICASA). Dakar-Fann, Sénégal: TrustAfrica. PDF Download.

Undie C-C, Benaya K (2008). The State of Knowledge on Sexuality in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Synthesis of Literature. QUEST: An African Journal of Philosophy / Revue Africaine de Philosophie, 20: 119-154. PDF Download.

Undie C-C, Benaya K (2006). The State Of Knowledge On Sexuality In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Synthesis Of Literature. Jenda: A Journal of Culture and African Women Studies, Series B. Full Text.

van der Elst EM, Okuku HS, Nakamya P, Muhaari A, Davies A, McClelland RS, Price MA, Smith AD, Graham SM, Sanders EJ (2009). Is audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) useful in risk behaviour assessment of female and male sex workers, Mombasa, Kenya? PLoS One, 4(5): e5340. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

van Griensven F, de Lind van Wijngaarden JW, Baral S, Grulich A (2009). The global epidemic of HIV infection among men who have sex with men. Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS, 4(4): 300-7. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

van Zyl M, et al. (1999). Human rights abuses of gays and lesbians in the South African Defence Force by health workers during the apartheid era. Cape Town, Sotuh Africa: Simply Said and Done
on behalf of Gay and Lesbian Archives, Health and Human Rights Project, Medical Research Council, and the National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality.
PDF Download.

Visser, Gustav (2008). The homonormalisation of white heterosexual leisure spaces in Bloemfontein, South Africa. Goforum, 39: 1344-1358. PDF Download.

Ward K (2002). Same-sex relations in Africa and the debate on homosexuality in East African Anglicanism. Anglican Theological Review, Winter. Full text.

Wells H, Polders l (2004). Levels of Empowerment among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender [LGBT] People in Gauteng, South Africa. Research initiative of the Joint Working Group conducted by OUT LGBT Well-being in collaboration with the UNISA Centre for Applied Psychology. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Wieringa SE (2007). The admonishment of vegetarian great aunt: reflections on sexual and gender multiplicity and culture. Inaugural address of the chair I have been invited to hold, ’Gender and Women’s Same-Sex Relations Cross-culturally’. The University of Amsterdam. PDF Download.

Wieringa SE (2006). Female Masculinities and Sexual Practices in Southern Africa and Indonesia; female-bodied banci and lesbian men. University of Amsterdam: For International Academy of Sex Research June 2006.  PDF Download

Wood J, Simon S, Anmeghichean M (2007). LGBT Health and Rights in East Africa: A Snapshot of Successes and Challenges for the Advocacy Community. New York, New York: Open Society Institute Public Health Program. PDF Download. Download Page.
Sexual Minorities - Middle East / Central Asia:

Note: Additions to this list will initially be made on - This Web Page (End of Page) - and here about one year later.

Abaza O (2010). "Ana Gay": Coming to Terms with Male Gayness in Egypt. Surfacing 3(1): 100-122. PDF Download.

AbuKhalil, As'ad (1997). Gender boundaries and sexual categories in the Arab world. Feminist Issues, 15(1/2): 91-104. PDF Download.

Abu-Raddad LJ, et al. (2010). Characterizing the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Afary, Janet (2010). The sexual economy of the Islamic republic: birth control, female sexual awakening, and the gay lifestyle. Journal of Azerbaijani Studies, 13(1): 39-61. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Akin, Deniz (2009). Bargaining with heteronormativity: elaborations of transsexual experiences in Turkey. Master's Dissertation, Gender and Development, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway. Abstract & Download Page.

Altinay, Rustem Ertug (2009). Violence, Forced Displacement and the Transgendered Sex Workers of Istanbul. National Association of Student Anthropologists e-Journal, 1(1). PDF Download.
 
Bahreini R (2008). From Perversion to Pathology: Discourses and Practices of Gender Policing in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Muslim World Journal of Human  Rights, 5(1): 1-49. PDF Download.

Belkin A, Levitt M (2001, 1998). Homosexuality and the Israel Defense Forces; Did Lifting the Gay Ban Undermine Military Performance? Armed Forces and Society, 27(4). Full Text. PDF Download.

Blasher P-S (2001). Le lexème comme facteur d'identification identitaire:: le cas des homosexuels a Istanbul. Table-Ronde Franco-Turque: crise d'identite et construction identitaires. L'apport des recit de vie. Full Text.

Blasher P-S (1999). Honoisexualite en Turquie: de l'heritage musulman au movement associatif. Les mouvements sociaux dans le monde musulman contemporain Regards croisés, Université de Lausanne, 3-4 décembre 1999. Full Text. Download Page.

Bousfiha S, Fdail M, Abdelhadi M, Owens C (2006). The Perception of Male Prostitution in MoroccoPDF Download.

Cheviron NT, Çeler, Z (2013). The Touristic Experience of Gays in Istanbul: Sensual and Sexual Body as Object of Consumption. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 3(12). PDF Download.

Çınar, Melike (2011). “They make your Life like Shit“ - Masculinity and Violence against Transgender People in Istanbul PDF Download.

Davis DA, Davis SS (1993). Sexual values in a Moroccan Town. In W.J. Lonner & R.S. Malpass (Eds.) Psychology and culture. Needham Heights: Allyn and Bacon: 225-230. Full Text.

Dunne B (1998). Power and Sexuality in the Middle East. Middle East report, 206.  Full Text.

El Menyawi H (2006). Activism from the closet: gay rights strategising in Egypt. Melbourne Journal of International Law, 7(1): 3. Full Text.  PDF Download.

Fishman, Louis A (2013). Turkey and LGBT Rights: A Historical and Global Perspective. Turkish Policy Quaterly, 11(4): 149-159. PDF Download.

Grungras N, Levitan R, Slotek A (2009). Unsafe Haven: Security Challenges Facing LGBT Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Turkey. PRAXIS: The Fletcher Journal of Human Security, 24: 41-61. PDF Download.

International HIV/AIDS Alliance (2006). Rapport de l'atelier Régional de Réflexion sur les Programmes de Prévention des IST/SIDA Ciblant les Hommes qui ont des Relations Sexuelles avec d'autres Hommes au Maghreb et au Liban. International HIV.AIDS Alliance. PDF Download.

International HIV/AIDS Alliance (2006). Rapid Situation Analysis of Men Who Have Sex with Men in the Maghreb and Lebanon. International HIV.AIDS Alliance. PDF Download.

International HIV/AIDS Alliance (2006). Analyse rapide de situation sur les hommes ayant des relations sexuelles avec des hommes dans les pays du Maghreb et au Liban. International HIV.AIDS Alliance. PDF Download.

International Research Centre on Social Minorities (2005). Sexual Minorities in Uzbekistan, Mission Report, Word Download

Katz MN (2004). Assessing the Political Stability of Oman. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 8(3). PDF Downkoiad.

Kirey, Anna (2011). Oral history of activism, formal and non-formal organizing by women-loving women and transgender organizing in Central Asia. In: Wieringa, Saskia E (2011, Editor). Women-Loving-Women in Africa and Asia:  TRANS/SIGN Report of Research Findings. Amsterdam: Den Haag. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Krause l (2002). The Queer Community in Israel: Findings of Research for the HBF (Tel Aviv Office). PDF Download.

Kugle S (2005).Queer Jihad: A view from South Africa. ISIM Review, 16: 14-15. PDF Download.

Massad J (2001). Re-Orienting Desire: The Gay International and the Arab World. Public Culture, 14(2): 361-385. Full Text. Full Text.

Moawad N, Qiblawi T (2011). Who’s afraid of the big bad internet? Internet regulation and the queer movement in Lebanon. Issue Paper 11: Association for Progressive Communications. PDF Download.

Pratt N (2007). The Queen Boat case in Egypt: sexuality, national security and state sovereignty. Review of International Studies, 33: 129–144.  PDF Download.

Şahin, Melike (2007). Transgender Discrimination in Employment. PDF Download.

Skier S (2004). Western lenses on male same-sex relationality in Pashtun Afghanistan. The Queer Journal, Spring: 11-22. PDF Downkoiad.

Taşcioğlu, Esen Ezgi (2011). What Do Transgender Women’s Experiences Tell Us about Law? Towards an Understanding of Law as Legal Complex. Master's Dissertation, Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Antigua Universidad, Spain. PDF Download.

Waller, Matthias (2011). Quelle place pour les homosexuels dans la société turque? Mémoire de Séminaire, Université de Lyon, Université lumière Lyon 2, Institut d'Études Politiques de Lyon. PDF Download. Translation.

Yenicioðlu Y (1997). Gay identities, communities and places in the 1990s  in Istanbul. Ýstanbul University, Department of Theatre Criticism. Full Text. Download Page.


South Asian Sexual Minorities:

Note: Additions to this list will initially be made on - This Web Page (End of Page) - and here about one year later.

Abraham KC, Abraham AK (1998). Homosexuality: some reflections from India. The Ecumenical Review, January 01. Full Text.

Agoramoorthy G, Hsu MJ (2007). India's homosexual discrimination and health consequences, Revista de Saúde Pública, 41(4). Full Text.

Anonymous (2006) Country Report: Bangladesh. For The Risks and Responsibilities International Consultation on Male Sexual Health and HIVC in Asia and the Pacific. PDF Download. Content/Download Page.

Boyce P, Pant S (2001). Rapid ethnography of male to male sexuality and sexual health. Family Health International, Kathmandu, Nepal. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Chakrapani V, Kavi AR, Ramakrishnan LR, Gupta R, Rappoport C, Sai Subhasree Raghavan SS (SAATHII Working Group on HIV Prevention and Care among Indian GLBT / Sexuality Minority Communities, 2002)HIV Prevention Among Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) In India: Review of Current Scenario and Recommendations. Bachground Paper. Chennai, India. PDF Download.

Chan PA, Khan OA (2007). Risk factors for HIV infection in Males who have Sex with Males (MSM) in Bangladesh. BMC Public Health, 7: 153. Full TextPDF Download.

Chandrasekhar C (1997). Queer in Bhharat. Discourses, Spring: 14-18. PDF Download.

CREA 2006). Sexual Rights and Social Movements In India. CREA, New Delhi. Working Paper. PDF Download.

Dandona L. et al. (2006). How much attention is needed towards men who sell sex to men for HIV prevention in India? BMC Public Health, 6, 31. Full TextPDF Download.

de Lind van Wijngaarden JV (2006). The HIV/AIDS situation  in the Republic of the Maldives in 2006. National HIV/AIDS Council (NAC),
Ministry of Health of the Maldives and the UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS.
For The Risks and Responsibilities International Consultation on Male Sexual Health and HIVC in Asia and the Pacific. PDF Download. Content/Download Page.

Dorji G (Programme Manager, HIV/AIDS, Ministry of Health, 2006). Bhutan: Country Report. For The Risks and Responsibilities International Consultation on Male Sexual Health and HIVC in Asia and the Pacific. PDF Download. Content/Download Page.

Gayatri G (2000). Queering Bollywood: Alternative Sexualities in Popular Indian Cinema. In: Queer Asian Cinema: Shadows in the Shade - edited by Andrew Grossman. Abstract. PDF Download. Download Page.

Ghosh S (2002). Queer Pleasures for Queer people - Film television and Sexuality in India. In: - Queering India: Same-Sex Love And Eroticism In Indian Culture And Society -by Ruth Vanita. PDF Download. Download Page. .

Hall K (2005). Intertextual Sexuality: Parodies of Class, Identity, and Desire in Liminal Delhi. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 15(1): 125–144. PDF Download.

Human Rights Watch (2003). Ravaging the Vulnerable: Abuses Against Persons at High Risk of HIV Infection in Bangladesh. New York: Human Rights Watch. Table of Contents with links to HTLM sections and PDF downlaod for the full report.

The Humsafar Trust (2003/2005). A Study On Behavior Of Men Having Sex With Men In Mumbai And Thane - Review Of Four Years Of Intervention. The Humsafar Trust, Mumbai. 2003 Draft. PDF Download. 2005 Draft. PDF Download.

Jami H (2005). Condition and Status of Hijras (Transgender, Transvestites etc.) in Pakistan. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Jenkins CL, Saidel T, Ahmed SK, Faisal MM, Khan SD, Rahman H (2005). Male sex workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh: Risk reduction through effective interventionPDF Download. Download Page.

Jenkins C (2004). Male Sexuality, Diversity and Culture: Implications for HIV Prevention and Care. For UNAIDS. PDF Download. Download Page.

Jenkins C (2000). A Situational Assessment of HIV/AIDS in the Maldives for the Year 2000. Conducted for the Department of Public Health and the UN Theme Group, The Republic of Maldives, UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS. PDF Download.

John ME, Nair J (1999). Sexuality in Modern India: Critical Concerns. Voices for Change. A Journal on Communication for Development, 3(1): 4-8. Full Text.

Kavi AR (2000). The changing image of the hero in Hindi films. In: Queer Asian Cinema: Shadows in the Shade - edited by Andrew Grossman. Abstract. PDF Download. Download Page. In: Queer Asian Cinema: Shadows in the Shade - edited by Andrew Grossman. Abstract. PDF Download. Download Page.

Khan S, Bondyopadhyay A (2006). From the Front Line: The impact of social, legal and judicial impediments to sexual health promotion, and HIV and AIDS related care and support for males who have sex with males in Bangladesh and India: A Study Report. Naz Foundation International. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download

Khan S (2005). Assessment of sexual health needs of males who have sex with males in Laos and Thailand: Some reference resources. Naz Foundation International. PDF Download.

Khan S (2004). Masculinities, (homo)sexualities, and vulnerabilities in South Asia. Naz Foundation International. PDF Download. Download Page.

Khan S (2004). The invisible man, an invisible epidemic: Masculinities, (homo)sexualities, vulnerabilities, and HIV risk in South Asia. Naz Foundation International. PDF Download. Download Page.

Khan S (2004). MSM and HIV/AIDS in India. Naz Foundation International. PDF Download. Download Page.

Khan SI, Buiya AU, Uddin ASMJ (2004). Application of the capture-recapture method for estimating number of mobile male sex workers in a port city of Bangladesh. Journal of Health, Poulation and Nutrition, 2004, 22(1)19-26. PDF Download. Download Web Page.

Khan S, Khan SI, Hollerbach PE (2005). In their own words: the Formulation of Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviour Among Young Men in Bangladesh. A collaborative study between the CATALYST Consortium, Naz Foundation International, and Bandhu Social Welfare Society. USA  Full Text. PDF Download. Download Page.

Khan S (2002+). MSM, HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in South Asia. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download  Download Page.

Khan S (2001). Culture, sexualities, and identities: men who have sex with men in India. Journal of Homosexuality, 40(3/4), 99-115. Full Text.

Khan S (2000)The Kothi Framework. Briefing Paper 4. Naz Foundation International. Word Download. Download Page. Word Download. PDF Download: page 53-63, as one of 10 briefing papers.

Khan S (1997). Perspectives on Males Who Have Sex with Other Males in Bangladesh and India. PDF Download. Download Page.

Khan S (1996). Through a window darkly: Males selling sex in other males in India and Bangladesh. Naz Foundation International. PDF Download. Download Page. An edited version of this essay was published in "Men Selling Sex" edited by Peter Aggleton, Taylor and Francis, 1998.

Khan S (1996). Making Visible the Invisible: sexuality and sexual health in south asia: a focus on male to male sexual behaviours. Naz Foundation International. PDF Download. Download Page.

Khan S (1996). Under the blanket: bisexualities and AIDS in India. Naz Foundation International. In: Bisexualities and AIDS: international perspectives, edited by Peter Aggleton: 161-177. A draft is available as part of "Perspectives On Males Who Have Sex With Males In India And Bangladesh" (PDF Download).

Khan S (1996). Culture, Sexualities, and Identities: men who have sex with men in South Asia. Naz Foundation International. PDF Download. Download Page.

Khan S, Bondyopadhyay A, Jenkins C (2004). Eyes Wide Shut: Violence, stigma and social exclusion: MSM, HIV and social justice in South Asia. Word Download. Download Page.

Kulkarni V, Kulkarni S, Sahasrabudhe N, Marathe M (2000). Networks, Language and Sexual Behaviors of Men who have Sex with Men in an Urban Setting. Paper presented at the Workshop on Reproductive Health in India: New Evidence and Issues. Pune, India. PDF Download. Download Page.

Lal V (1996). Sexuality in the Chess Players. Deep Focus (Film Journal), 6: 48-58. PDF Download. Download Page.

Muhammad T, Zafar N (2006). Situational analysis report on prostitution of boys in Pakistan (Lahore & Peshawar). ECPAT INternational & Pakistan Pediatric Association. PDF Download.

NACP & UNAIDS (2006). Pakistan, Country Report. For The Risks and Responsibilities International Consultation on Male Sexual Health and HIVC in Asia and the Pacific. PDF Download. Content/Download Page.

Nag M (1995). Sexual behaviour in India with risk of HIV/AIDS transmission. Health Transition Review, Supplement to Volume 5: 293-305. PDF Download.

Narrain A, Dutta B (2006). Male-to-male sex, and sexuality minorities in South Asia: An analysis of the politico-legal framework. Alternative Law Forum. A background paper produced for Risks and Responsibilities: Male Sexual Health and HIV in Asia and the Pacific International Consultation held in New Delhi, India 23-26 September 2006 [PDF Download]. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download. Download Page.

NFI, Bondyopadhyay A (2002)The context of social construction of masculinities in South Asia and the kothi framework.Word Download. Download Page. PDF Download: page 101-107, as one of 10 briefing papers.

Pant SB (Blue Diamond Society, 2006). MSM and HIV/AIDS in Nepal. For The Risks and Responsibilities International Consultation on Male Sexual Health and HIVC in Asia and the Pacific. PDF Download. Content/Download Page.

Raizada A, Gupta SB, Kumar A (2002)Sexual practices other than peno-vaginal sex: perceptions and ptactices in an urban comunity. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 27(4): 177-180. PDF Download. Full Text.

Raj Rao R (2000). Memories pierce the heart: homoeroticism, Bollywood-style. In: Queer Asian Cinema: Shadows in the Shade - edited by Andrew Grossman. Abstract. PDF Download. Download Page.

SAATHII (Solidarity and Action Against The HIV Infection in India, 2006). India, Country Report. National AIDS Control Programme in India: Scaling-up HIV-related interventions for men who have sex with men, transgendered people and Hijras – Inputs from regional and national consultations. For The Risks and Responsibilities International Consultation on Male Sexual Health and HIVC in Asia and the Pacific. PDF Download. Content/Download Page.

Samabhavana Society (2005). General survey of lietrature on the media construction of male sex work & amsseurs in India. Mumbai, India. PDF Download. Download Page.

Samabhavana Society (2003). Sexual behaviour of male sex workers & masseurs with their male/female clients/partners in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Mumbai, India. PDF Download. Download Page.

Samabhavana Society (2001). K.A.B.P. study on male sex workers and masseurs in Mumbai Metro. Mumbai, India. PDF Download. Download Page.

Satpathy S (2005). Ethics of RepreseNtATION: Media and the Indian Queer. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.  

Save The Children Sweden (2005). Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Chilcren: A situational analysis of Pakistan PDF Download.

Singh SM, et al. (2006)Men who have sex with men and transgenders in Mumbai, India: An emerging risk group for STIs and HIV. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, 72(6): 425-431. Full Text. Download Page.

Sircar O (2007). The Marginality of Liminality: Experiences of Sexualizing University Spaces in India. In-Spire e-journal, 2(1). PDF Download.

Steinbrook R (2007). HIV in India: A Complex Epidemic. New England Journal of Medicine, 356: 1089-1093. Full Text.

Valdivieso V (2006). Country Report, Sri Lanka.  For The Risks and Responsibilities International Consultation on Male Sexual Health and HIVC in Asia and the Pacific. PDF Download. Content/Download Page.

Wadia RV (2000). Long Life of a Short Film. In: Queer Asian Cinema: Shadows in the Shade - edited by Andrew Grossman. Abstract. PDF Download. Download Page.

Waugh T (2001). Queer Bollywood, or "I'm the player, you're the naive one": patterns of sexual subversion in recent Indian popular cinema. In: Keyframes: popular cinema and cultural studies - edited by Matthew Tinkcom and Amy Villarejo: 280-97. PDF Download. Download Page.

 
See: - Male 'Homosexualities' In India / South Asia: Excerpts from - Khan, Shivananda (2001). Culture, sexualities, and identities: men who have sex with men in India. Journal of Homosexuality, 40(3/4), 99-115. & Asthana S, and Oostvogels R (2001). The social construction of male 'homosexuality' in India: implications for HIV transmission and prevention. Social Science & Medicine, 52: 707-21. Male 'Homosexualities' In India / South Asia (Part 2)Male 'Homosexualities' In India / South Asia (Part 3). 

Northeast Asian Sexual Minorities:

Note: Additions to this list will initially be made on - This Web Page (End of Page) - and here about one year later.

Celluloid Comrades: Representations of Male Homosexuality in Contemporary Chinese Cinemas -2006 - by Song Hwee Lim (Google Books) (University of Hawai'i Press) (Introduction) (Review) (Review) (Full Text Download).

Homoerotic Sensibilities in Late Imperial China - 2004 - by Wu Cuncun (Review) (Google Books) (Full Text Download).

AIDS Prevention and Care Committee (2001). Recommended Strategy for HIV prevention in MSM in Hong Kong. PDF Download.

Ako T (2001). Beginnings of Sex Reassignment Surgery in Japan. The International Journal of Trangenderism, 5(1). Full Text.

Alexander R (2003). Social Transformation or a New Fashion : Sexual Minorities in Japan.  Journal of international cooperation studies, 10(3): 95-121. PDF Download.

Altenburger, Roland (2005). Is It Clothes that Make the Man? Cross-Dressing, Gender, and Sex  in Pre-Twentieth Century Zhu Yingtai Lore. Asian Folklore Studies, 64: 165–205. PDF Download.

Angles J (2006). Penisism and the Eternal Hole: (Homo)Eroticism and Existential Exploration in the Early Poetry of Takahashi Mutsuo. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

Aoki D (2006). Itō Bungaku and the Solidarity of the Rose Tribes [Barazoku]: Stirrings of Homo Solidarity in Early 1970s Japan. Full Text. Download Page.

Barry C (1999). My Queer Korea: Identity, Space, and the 1998 Seoul Queer Film & Video Festival. Intersections, 2. Full Text. Download Page.

Behringer, Karen (2008). HIV/AIDS Prevention: Factors Affecting Risky Sexual Behaviors among MSM in Shenzhen, China. UCHC Graduate School Masters Theses 2003 - 2010. Paper 144. Master's Dissertation, Public Health, University of Connecticut. PDF Download Download Page.

Billé, Franck (2010). Different Shades of Blue: Gay Men and Nationalist Discourse in Mongolia. Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, 10(2): 187-203. Abstract. Full Text.

Bao, Hongwei (2010). The Word That Dares Not Speak Its Name: Sexuality, Space and the Chinese Other. PDF Download. Other Articles / Papers.

Bao, Hongwei (2010). The Word That Dares Not Speak Its Name: Sexuality, Space and the Chinese Other. Full Text. Other Articles / Papers.

Bourne, Jenny (2007). Korean Lesbians and Heteronormativity: From the Experiences of Six South Korean Lesbians. Master's Dissertation, Athabasca University. PDF Download.

Cai WD, Zhao J, Zhao JK, Raymond HF, Feng YJ, Liu J, McFarland W, Gan YX, Yang ZR, Zhang Y, Tan JG, Wang XR, He ML, Cheng JQ, Chen L (2010). HIV prevalence and related risk factors among male sex workers in Shenzhen, China: results from a time-location sampling survey. Sexually transmitted Infections, 6(8): e23431. Abstract. PDF Download.

Caldart, Regina E (2010). Lesbians and Transgenders in Japanese Media. Undergraduate Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. PDF Download. Download Page.

Castro-Vazquez G, Kishi I (2003). Masculinities and Sexuality: the case of a Japanese top ranking senior high school. Journal of Gender Studies, 12(1): 21-33. PDF Download. Download Page.

Causey P, Settle E (2008). Enabling effective voluntary counselling and testing for men who have sex with men: Increasing the role of community based organizations in scaling up VCT services for MSM in China. Occasional Paper: UN Technical Working Group on MSM and HIV/AIDS, Beijing, China. PDF Download.

Chalmers S (2002). My Queer Career: Coming Out as a 'Researcher' in Japan. Intersections, 7. Full Text. Download Page.

Chalmers S (2002). Who’s That Girl? Lesbian In/visibility in Japanese Society. IIAS Newsletter, 29, November. PDF Download. Download Page.

Chalmers S (2001). Tolerance, Form and Female Dis-ease: The Pathologisation of Lesbian Sexuality in Japanese Society. Intersections, 6. Full Text. Download Page.

Chan, Felicia (2006). Wuxia Cross-dressing and Transgender Identity: The Roles of Brigitte Lin Ching-hsia from Swordsman II to Ashes of Time. Word Download.

Chan K, Leung R, Wong KH (2011). Factors associated with HIV infection among men who have sex with men recruited from the internet. Communicable Diseases Watch, 8(9): 36-37. PDF Download.

Chan LK, Donovan R (2007). Iconography and Stigma: Graphic Strategies of HIV/AIDS Campaigns Which Target Men Who have Sex with Men (MSM) in Hong Kong. In: Emerging Trends in Design Research. IASDR 07 Proceedings, presented at International Association of Societies of Design Research (IASDR07), Hong Kong, 12-15 November. PDF Download.

Chan M-W C (2005). Sexual Orientation discrimination in Hong Kong. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Chang, Ivy I-chu (2009). Mourning Love: Queer Performativity and Transformation in Zero Chou’s Spider Lilies and Splendid Float. Concentric: Literary and Cultural Studies. 35(2): 277-307. PDF Download.

Chang, Yin-Kun 2006. Out of the Closet and into the Political Arena: Can the Internet Become a Location for Queer Movements? PDF Download. PDF Download.

Chao, Antonia (2005). Moving House: The Relational-Materialistic Aspect of Queer Cultural Citizenship. Taiwan: A Radical Quarterly in Social Studies. 57: 41-85. PDF Download.

Chen Y (2005). Schoolgirl Romance and Female Same-Sex Love in Eileen Chang's Tongxue shaonian dou bujian: toward a Tortured and Tortuous Po's Narrative. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Chen YJ, Lin YT, Chen M, Huang SW, Lai SF, Wong WW, Tsai HC, Lin YH, Liu HF, Lyu SY, Chen YM (2011). Risk factors for HIV-1 seroconversion among Taiwanese men visiting gay saunas who have sex with men. BMC Infectious Diseases, 11: 334. AbstractPDF Download. PDF Download.

Cheng, Pang-Yen (2011). From dialogue to understanding: a case study of the Taiwanese gay and lesbian exhibition curating. Working Papers: The dialogic museum and the visitor experience: 26-35. PDF Download.

Chew L P-l (1989). Female homosexuality in Hong Kong : a psychosocial investigation. Master's Dissertation, Hong Kong University. Download Page. Note: Must accept agreement before dissertation is accessed.

Chi, Ta-wei (2002). New Park: Gay Literature in Taiwan. IIAS Newsletter, 29, November. PDF Download. Download Page.

Chou, Dienfang (2010). Exploring the Meaning of Yaoi in Taiwan for Female Readers: From the Perspective of Gender. Intercultural Communication Studies XIX: 1: 78-90. PDF Download.

Chow EP, Wilson DP, Zhang L (2011). What is the potential for bisexual men in China to act as a bridge of HIV transmission to the female population? Behavioural evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Infectious Diseases, 11: 242. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Chu W-C R (2005). Queer(ing) Taiwan and Its Future: From an Agenda of Mainstream Self-Enlightenment to One of Sexual CitizenshipPaper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Cong L, Ono-Kihara M, Xu G, Ma Q, Pan X, Zhang D, Homma T, Kihara M (2008). The characterisation of sexual behaviour in Chinese male university students who have sex with other men: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 22;8: 250. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Cross, Whitney (2004). Homosexuality in Hong Kong: How Gay Men and Lesbians have united for Greater Equality. Essay: Anthropology 350, The College of William and Mary. Word Download.

Darlington, Tania (2009). The Queering of Haruhi Fujioka: Cross-Dressing, Camp and Commoner Culture in Ouran High School Host Club. ImageTexT: Interdisciplinary Comics Studies, 4(3). Full Text.

Dasgupta R (2010). The ‘Gay Salaryman’ at Work: Negotiating with Hegemonic Ideologies of Sexuality in the Japanese Workplace. PDF Download.

de Lind van Wijngaarden JW, Brown T, Girault P, Sarkar S, van Griensven F (2009). The epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus infection, sexually transmitted infections, and associated risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in the Mekong Subregion and China: implications for policy and programming. Sexually transmitted Diseases, 36(5): 319-24. PDF Download. Abstract.

Diver, Andrew P (2011). Querying the ‘Global Gay Narrative’: Hong Kong, Transnational Sexualities, and the Formation of Queer Subjectivities since 1997. PDF Download.

Engebretsen, Elisabeth L (2009). Intimate practices, conjugal ideals: Affective ties and relationship strategies amongst lala ('lesbian') women in contemporary Beijing. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 6(3): 3-14. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Engebretsen, Elisabeth (2005). Lesbian identity and community projects in Beijing: Notes from the field on studying and theorising same-sex cultures in the age of globalisation Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Dong L (2005). Tracing Chinese Gay Cinema 1993-2002. In: Thematic Issue New Papers in American Cultural Studies. Ed. Joanne Morreale and P. David Marshall. Also in CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 7.2. Full Text. Download Page. PDF Download.

Engebretsen, Elisabeth Lund (2008). Queer ethnography in theory and practice: Reflections on studying sexual globalization and women’s queer activism in Beijing. Graduate Journal of Social Science, (2): 88-116. PDF Download.

Feng Y, Wu Z, Detels R, Qin G, Liu L, Wang X, Wang J, Zhang L (2010). HIV/STD prevalence among men who have sex with men in Chengdu, China and associated risk factors for HIV infection. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 53 Suppl 1:S74-80. Abstract. PDF Download.

Feng Y, Wu Z, Detels R (2010). Evolution of men who have sex with men community and experienced stigma among men who have sex with men in Chengdu, China. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 53 Suppl 1: S98-103. PDF Download. Abstract.

Ferguson, Joshua M (2010). Queer Japanese Cinema: A Rich and Diverse Cultural History’s Challenge to Hegemonic Ideologies of Gender and Sexuality. Master's Dissertation, University of British Columbia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Fung, Eileen Chia-Ching (2010). Deconstructing the "Butterfly": Teaching David Henry Hwang’s M. Butterfly in Cultural and Socio-political Contexts. Asian American Literature: Discourses and Pedagogies, 1: 16-26. PDF Download.

Haochu, Li (2006). Homosexuality in Contemporary Chinese Society: Implications for HIV/AIDS Prevention. Master's Dissertation, Mahidol University, Thailand. Abstract. PDF Download.

He Q, Xia Y, Raymond HF, Peng R, Yang F, Ling L (2011). HIV trends and related risk factors among men having sex with men in mainland China: findings from a systematic literature review. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 42(3): 616-33. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

He, Terri (2007). Cyberqueers in Taiwan: Locating Histories of the Margins. Journal of International Women’s Studies, 8(2): 55-73. PDF Download.

Hibino M (2005). What Is Necessary for US? For Our Queer Movement in Japan? Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Hidaka T (2006). Corporate Warriors or Company Animals?: an investigation of Japanese salaryman masculinities across three generations. PhD Dissertation. School of Social Studies, Unievrsity of Adelaide. PDF Download. Download Page. Abstract/Content:: PDF Download.

Hidaka Y, Operario D (2006). Attempted suicide, psychological health and exposure to harassment among Japanese homosexual, bisexual or other men questioning their sexual orientation recruited via the Internet. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(11): 962-7. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Hidaka Y, Operario D, Takenaka M, Omori S, Ichikawa S, Shirasaka T (2008). Attempted suicide and associated risk factors among youth in urban Japan. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 43(9): 752-7. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Hidaka Y, Ichikawa S, Koyano J, Urao M, Yasuo T, Kimura H, Ono-Kihara M, Kihara M (2006). Substance use and sexual behaviours of Japanese men who have sex with men: a nationwide internet survey conducted in Japan. BMC Public Health, 6: 239. Full Text.

Hideki S (2006). The Social Situation Facing Gays in Japan. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

Hideki S (2006). Japan's Gay History. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

Higgins LT, Zheng M, Liu Y, Sun CH (2002). Attitudes to marriage and sexual behaviors: A survey of gender and culture differences in China and United Kingdom. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 46(3/4: 75-89. Full Text N/A. Abstract.

Hirano, Yuki (2003). Interrupting polarities of gender and sexuality: consumption of same-sex pornography by Japanese women. Master of Arts' Dissertation, University of British Columbia. Full Text. Download Page.

Hiroshi H (2006). AIDS and the Gay Community in Japan. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

Hiroyuki T (2006). The Legal Situation Facing Sexual Minorities in Japan. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

Hitoshi I (2006). Interactive Practices in Shinjuku Ni-Chōme's Homosexual Bars. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

Hitoshi I, Takanori M (2006). The Process of Divergence between 'Men who Love Men' and 'Feminised Men' in Postwar Japanese Media. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

Ho, Aaron KH (2009). The Lack of Chinese Lesbians: Double Crossing in Blue Gate Crossing. Genders, 49. Full Text. Full Text.

Ho, Jason (2007). A Queer (Re)evaluation: Stanley Kwan and The Island Tales. Cultural Studies Montly. Full Text.

Ho, Josephine (2006). Embodying gender: transgender body/subject formations in Taiwan. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 7(2): 228-242. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Ho JK-h (2006). Reinterpreting a queer experience : a study of Stanley Kwan's films and their reception. Master's Dissertation, Hong Kong University. Download Page. Note: Must accept agreement before dissertation is accessed.

Ho HTK (1996). Gender Benders: The Kabuki Onnagata Heroines as Performers of Femininity. PhD Dissertation. The Department of Comparative Literature, University of Hong Kong. PDF Download. Download Page.

Ho L (2005). Opening Up: Articulating a Same-sex Identity in Beijing. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Ho, LWW (2007). China's opening up : nationalist and globalist conceptions of same-sex identity. PhD Thesis, University of Western Australia. Download Page.

Ho PSY, Tsang AKT (2000). Negotiating Anal Intercourse in Inter-racial Gay Relationships in Hong Kong . Sexualities, 3(3): 299-323. Draft: Word Download. Abstract.

Hoffman '98, Hope (1997). Stereotypes as Reinforced Structure in M. Butterfly. Undergraduate Review, 10(1): Article 9. PDF Download.

Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS (2007). Recommended HIV/AIDS Strategies for Hong Kong 2007-2011. PDF Download.

Hou C-N (2011). Same Tongzhi, Different Destiny Examining the Gay Website Regulations in China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Taiwan. Journal of Cyber Culture and  Information Society, 20: 39-81. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Hou, Cheng-Nan (2009)Fighting for a mission impossible: A study on media relations strategies of gay and lesbian movement in Taiwan. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton New York, New York City, NY. Full Text.

Hou, Cheng-Nan (2006)The Influence of Gay Sex Websites on the Sexual Identity Development of Gay College Students in Taiwan: A Qualitative Study. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Dresden International Congress Centre, Dresden, Germany, Jun 16, 2006. Full Text.

Hou, Cheng-Nan (2005). Creating the Internet as Alternative Media:A Study of the Role of Gay Virtual Community in Taiwan’s Political Participation.  網路社會學通訊期刊 [Internet Journal of Sociology communications]. Full Text.

Hsieh YH, Chen CWS, Lee SM, Chen YMA, Wu SI, Lai SF, Chang AL (2006). Estimating the Number of HIV-Infected Gay Sauna Patrons in Taipei Area. Physica A-Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 362(2): 495-503.  PDF Download.

Hung CC, Ji DD, Sun HY, Lee YT, Hsu SY, Chang SY, Wu CH, Chan YH, Hsiao CF, Liu WC, Colebunders R (2008). Increased risk for Entamoeba histolytica infection and invasive amebiasis in HIV seropositive men who have sex with men in Taiwan. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2(2): e175. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

IGLHRC (2009). Japan: Discrimination against Lesbians, Bisexual Women and Transgender Persons. A Shadow Report. PDF Download.

Ito, Daisuke (2007). College Students' Prejudiced Attitudes toward Homosexuals: A Comparative Analysis in Japan and the United States. Master's Dissertation, Department of Sociology, Georgia State University. PDF Download.

Jiang H (2005). ICCGL: Cultural Communication via the Internet and GLBT Community Building in China. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Jiang, Jin (2011). Women Playing Men Same-Sex Relations in Republican Shanghai. Harvard-Yenching Insittute Working Paper Series. PDF Download.

Jin, Cao (2009). Case Study of Lesbian’s Health Hotline in Peripheral Chinese City. Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, 10: 273-287. PDF Download.

Jingru, Teng (2009). Lesbian Spaces in Beijing. Paper presented at the 4th International Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU) in Amsterdam/Delft. PDF Download.

Jones RH (2007). Imagined comrades and imaginary protections: identity, community and sexual risk among men who have sex with men in China. Journal of Homosexuality, 53(3): 83-115.  AbstractPDF Download.

Jones RH (2002). A Walk in the Park: Frames and Positions in AIDS Prevention Outreach among Gay Men in China.  Journal of Sociolinguistics 6(3): 575-588. Word Download. Download Page.

Jones RH (2000}. "Potato Seeking Rice": Language, Culture and Identity in Gay Personal Ads in Hong Kong. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 14(3): 33-61.. Full Text. Download Page.

Jones RH (1999). Mediated action and sexual risk: Searching for ‘culture’ in the discourses of homosexuality and AIDS prevention in China. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 1(2): 161-180.  Full Text. Download Page.

Jones RH, Candlin CN (2003). Constructing risk along timescales and trajectories: Gay men’s stories of sexual encounters. Health, Risk and Society, 5(2): 199-213.  Word Download. Download Page.

Jones RH, Kwan YK, Candlin CN (2000+). A Preliminary Investigation of HIV Vulnerability and Risk Behavior among Men who Have Sex with Men in Hong Kong. Download Page.

Ka-man, Carmen Tong (2002). Being a Tomboy: An Ethnographic Research of Young Schoolgirls in Hong Kong. E-Journal on Hong Kong Cultural and Social Studies, 2. Full Text. Download Page.

Katsuzō N (2006). Japanese Lesbian/Gay Studies. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

Kim, Shin-Young (2010). Narrative case study : unheard life story of a senior gay Korean man. Master's Dissertation, Social Work, University of British Columbia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Kim YG, Hahn SJ (2006). Homosexuality in ancient and modern Korea. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 8(1): 59-65. PDF Download.

Knapp, Leah (2011). Pulling the wings off M. Butterfly: Dramatic Irony, Performance and the Third Space in Hwang’s dramatic script and film adaptation. Inkwell: A Journal of Academic Writing. Full Text.

Kong, Travis SK (2009). More Than a Sex Machine: Accomplishing Masculinity Among Chinese Male Sex Workers in the Hong Kong Sex Industry. Deviant Behavior, 30(8): 715-745. Abstract. PDF Download.

Kong, Travis SK (2002). The Seduction of the Golden Boy: The Body Politics of Hong Kong Gay Men. Body & Society 8 (1): 29-48. PDF Download. Download Page.

Kong TS (2008). Risk factors affecting condom use among male sex workers who serve men in China: a qualitative study. Sexually Transmitted infection, 84(6): 444-8. Abstract. PDF Download.

Kuang M-F, Nojima K (3003). Mental Health and Sexual Orientation of Female in Taiwan: Using Internet as the research tool. Kyushu University Psychological Reseach, 4: 295-305. PDF Download.

Lai, Chia-chih (2007). Deciphering the Abjection of ○ in Notes of a Desolate Man. PDF Download.

Lam C-p (1998). Sexuality in formation of lesbian identity : an exploratory study in Hong Kong. Master's Dissertation, Hong Kong University. Download Page. Note: Must accept agreement before dissertation is accessed.

Lam ML (2005). A study on the Sexuality of Transsexuals in Hong KongPaper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Lanam D (2004). Gender Cleansing: The Innocent World of Young Girls in Suzuki Izumi's "The Age of Woman and Woman". E-ASPAD: An Electronic Journal in Asian Studies. Full Text.

Lau H, Stotzer RL (2011). Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation: A Hong Kong Study. Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Lau H (2011). Grounding Conversations on Sexuality and Asian Law. UC Davis Law Review, 44(3): 773-802. PDF Download.

Lau HL (2005). Gay Specificity: The Reworking of Heteronormative Discourse in the Hong Kong Gay Community. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Lau JT, Kim JH, Lau M, Tsui HY (2004). Prevalence and risk behaviors of Hong Kong males who seek cross-border same-sex partners in mainland China. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 31(9): 568-574. Abstract. PDF Download

Lau JT, Kim JH, Lau M, Tsui HY (2004). HIV related behaviours and attitudes among Chinese men who have sex with men in Hong Kong: a population based study. Sexually Transmitted infections, 80(6): 459-65. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Lau JT, Wang M, Wong HN, Tsui HY, Jia M, Cheng F, Zhang Y, Su X, Wang N (2008). Prevalence of bisexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China and associations between condom use in MSM and heterosexual behaviors. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 35(4): 406-13. PDF Download. Abstract.

Lau JTF, Siah PC, Tsui HY (2002). A study of the STD/AIDS related attitudes and behaviors of men who have sex with men in Hong Kong. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(4): 367-372.  PDF Download

Lee BMW (2005). Together We Teach them Safe Sex:' HIV Education Program for Men who haves Sex with Men (MSM). Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Lee SS, Lam AN, Lee CK, Wong NS (2012). Virtual versus physical channel for sex networking in men having sex with men of sauna customers in the City of Hong Kong. PLoS One, 7(2): e31072. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Lee SS, Ma E, Tam D (2007). Report on the Assessment of Recently Acquired HIV Infection in Men Having Sex with Men (MSM) in Hong Kong. The Chinese University of Hong KongL Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases. PDF Download.

Leung HH-S (2002). Thoughts on lesbian genders in contemporary Chinese cultures. Journal of Lesbian Studies, 6(2): 123-133. PDF Download.

Li, Cheuk Yin (2012). The absence of fan activism in the queer fandom of Ho Denise Wan See (HOCC) in Hong Kong. Transformative Works and Cultures, 10. Full Text.

Li, Cheuk-Yin (2011). Queering Urban Popculture: Exploring Tactics in the Ho Denise Wan See (HOCC) Fandom in Hong Kong In: Hidden Cities: Understanding Urban Popcultures - 2011 - edited by Leonard R. Koos. PDF Download.

Li HM, Peng RR, Li J, Yin YP, Wang B, Cohen MS, Chen XS (2011). HIV incidence among men who have sex with men in China: a meta-analysis of published studies. PLoS One, 6(8): e23431. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

LI S-w, et al. (2008). Detection of recent HIV-1 infections among men who have sex with men in Beijing during 2005–2006. Chinese Medical Journal, 121(12): 1105-1108. PDF Download.

Li X, Shi W, Li D, Ruan Y, Jia Y, Vermund SH, Zhang X, Wang C, Liu Y, Yu M, Xing H, Hong K, Shao Y (2008). Predictors of unprotected sex among men who have sex with men in Beijing, China. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 39(1): 99-108. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Liu, Bo-wen (2009). Comparison of Cross Dressing in The Twelfth Night and Yi Zhong Yuan. Cross-cultural Communication, 5(4): 78-85. Download Page.

Linderström J (2007). Boy's Love: En studie av maskuliniteter och maktrelationer i yaoi manga. PDF Download.

Liou Liang-ya (2005). Queer Theory and Politics in Taiwan: The Cultural Translation and (Re)Production of Queerness in and beyond Taiwan Lesbian/Gay/Queer Activism. NTU Studies in Language and Literature, 14: 123-154. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Liou L-y (2003). At the Intersection of the Global and the Local: Representations of Male Homosexuality in Fictions by Pai Hsien-yung, Li Ang, Chu Tien-wen, and Chi Ta-wei. Postcolonial Studies, 6(2): 191 - 206. PDF Download.

Liou, Liang-ya (2003). At the Intersection of the Global and the Local: Representations of Male Homosexuality in Fictions by Pai Hsien-yung, Li Ang, Chu Tien-wen, and Chi Ta-wei. Postcolonial Stidies, 6(2): 191-206. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Liu CW (1995). "To Love, Honor, and Dismay": Subverting the Feminine in Ang Lee's Trilogy of Resuscitated Patriarchs. Hitting Critical Mass: A Journal of Asian American Cultural Criticism, 3(1). Full Text.

Liu, Julian (1998). Queer Deviance as Critical Method. Discourses, 3: 5-9.  PDF Download.

Liu S, Zhao J, Rou K, Chen L, Cai W, Li L, Wu Z, Detels R (2012). A survey of condom use behaviors and HIV/STI prevalence among venue-based money boys in Shenzhen, China. AIDS and Behavior, 16(4): 835-46. Abstract. PDF Download.

Lou J, Wu J, Chen L, Ruan Y, Shao Y (2009). A sex-role-preference model for HIV transmission among men who have sex with men in China. BMC Public Health, 18;9 Suppl 1:S10. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Lubetsky MH (1998). Sensei, I Slashed My Wrists Last Night. The Language Teacher, May. Full Text. Full Text.

Lulla R (1998?). Men who have sex with men in Hong Kong. Full Text.

Lunsing W (2006). Yaoi Ronsō: Discussing Depictions of Male Homosexuality in Japanese Girls' Comics, Gay Comics and Gay Pornography. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

Lunsing W (2005). LGBT Rights in Japan. Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice, 17: 143–148.  PDF Download.

Mahtani S, Vernon K (2010). Creating Inclusive Workplaces for LGBT Employees: A Resource Guide for Employers in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Community Business Limited. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Mak AH-s (2000). BI AII means : the trouble with Tong Zhi discourse : beyond queer looks in the East is red and Swordsman II. Master's Dissertation, Hong Kong University. Download Page. Note: Must accept agreement before dissertation is accessed.

Maree C (2004). Same-Sex Partnerships in Japan: Bypasses and Other Alternatives. Women’s Studies, 33: 541–549. PDF Download.

Maree C (2003). Ore wa ore dakara ['Because I'm me']: A study of gender and language in the documentary Shinjuku Boys. Intersections 9.  Full Text. Download Page.

Martin F (2003). Introduction: Taiwan's literature of transgressive sexuality. In Angelwings: contemporary queer fiction from Taiwan: 1-28. PDF Download. Download Page.

Martin F (2002). The Legacy of the Crocodile:: Critical Debates over Taiwanese Lesbian Fiction. IIAS Newsletter, 29, November. PDF DownloadDownload Page.

Martin, Fran (2000). From Citizenship to Queer Counterpublic: Reading Taipei's New Park. Communal/Plutal, 8(1): 81-94. Abstract & Download Page.

Martin Fran (2000). Surface Tensions: Reading Productions of Tongzhi in Contemporary Taiwan. GLQ: a Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 6(1): 61–86. Abstract & Download Page.

Martin F (1999). Chen Xue's queer tactic. Positions: East Asia Cultures Critique, 7(1): 71-94. Abstract & Download Page.

Masataka M (2006). Determined to Live as a Man. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

Matthews J (2005). Salarymen Doing Queer: Gay Men and the Heterosexual Public Sphere in Japan. PDF Download.

Matthews J (2005). Queer Japanese Identities: An Anti-disciplinary Approach to Constructions of Identity in Japan. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

McCarthy, Mac (2011). Chinese Gay Cinema: Revisiting The Cut Sleeve in The Modern Age. UCLan Confucius Institute China Lecture Series. PDF Download.

McHarry M (2003). Yaoi: Redrawing Male Love. The Guide, November. Full Text. Full Text.

McLelland MJ (2009). The role of the ‘tojisha’ in current debates about sexual minority rights in Japan. Japanese Studies, 29(2): 193-207. PDF Download.

McLelland M (2006). A Short History of Hentai. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

McLelland M (2006). Introduction to the Queer Japan Special Issue. Intersections, 12. Full Text. Download Page.

McLelland MJ (2005). Salarymen Doing Queer: Gay Men and the Heterosexual Public Sphere in Japan. In McLelland, MJ and Dasgupta, R (eds), Genders, Transgenders and Sexualities in Japan, Routledge, London, 2005, 96-110. Amazon. Google Books.

McLelland M (2005). A Short History of Hentai. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page

McLelland M (2004). From the Stage to the Clinic:  Changing Transgender Identities in Post-War Japan. Japan Forum, 16(1): 1–20. PDF Download. Download Page.

McLelland M (2003). A Mirror for Men? Idealised Depictions of White Men and Gay Men in Japanese Women’s Media. Transformations, 6, February 2003. PDF Download.

McLelland MJ (2002). A Mirror for Men? Idealised Depictions of White Men and Gay Men in Japanese Women's Media. Transformations, 6. PDF Download.

McLelland MJ (2002). Kamingu Auto: Homosexuality & Popular Culture in Japan. IIAS Newsletter, 29, November. PDF Download. Download Page.

McLelland M (2001). Local meanings in global space: a case study of women's 'Boy love' web sites in Japanese and English. MOTS PLURIEL, 19. Full Text.

McLelland M (2001). Why Are Japanese Girls' Comics full of Boys Bonking? Intensities: the journal of cult media. 1. PDF Download. Full Text.  Also published in 2006 in: Refraction, 19.  Full Text. Full Text.

McLelland M (2001). Out on the Global Stage: Authenticity, Interpretation and Orientalism in Japanese Coming Out Narratives. electronic journal of contemporary japanese studies, October. Full Text.

McLelland M (2000). Male Homosexuality and Popular Culture in Modern Japan. Intersections, 3. Full Text. Download Page.

McLelland MJ (2000). Male homosexuality in modern Japan : cultural myths and social realities. PhD Dissertation, Hong Kong University. Download Page. Note: Must accept agreement before dissertation is accessed. Related Book: Amazon. Google Books.

Meng X, Anderson AF, Wang L, Li Z, Guo W, Lee Z, Jin H, Cai Y (2010). An exploratory survey of money boys and HIV transmission risk in Jilin Province, PR China. AIDS Research and Therapy, 7: 17. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Micollier, Evelyne (2006). Sexualités et vulnérabilité au VIH en Chine, un regard anthropologique [Sexualities and HIV/AIDS vulnerability in China, an anthropological perspective]. Sexologies, 15: 191-201. Abstract. Abstract. PDF Download. Translation.

Micollier E (2005). Sida en Chine : discours et pratiques de la sexualité. La gestion de l’épidémie par l’Etat éclaire et reflète les contradictions de la société. Perspectives chinoises n° 89, mai- juin. Full Text. Full Text.

Micollier M (2005). Collective mobilisation and transnational solidarity to combat Aids in China: local dynamics and visibility of groups sexual and social minorities. Face to Face, 7. PDF DownloadFull Text.

Mountford, Tom (2010). China: The Legal Position and Status of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender People in the People’s Republic of China. Download Page: Paper available in English and Chinese.

MSM Working Group (2000). Hong Kong Community Planning Process on HIV/AIDS: Draft Situation Analysis. PDF Download.

Mulky, Virginia (2011). Shaping a New Identity: Increasing Visibility of Lesbian Desire in Chinese Cinemas. Honors Dissertation, School of Arts and Sciences, University of Pittsburgh. PDF Download. Download Page.

Normington K (2004). Under the skin: theatrical cross- gender performances of Japan and the West. Masters' Dissertation. Theatre Arts, San Jose State University. Full Text.

Petersen CJ (1997). Values in Transition: The Development of the Gay and Lesbian Rights Movement in Hong Kong. The Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Review (ILR), 19(2): 337-362. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Reynen, Scott (2002). Lesbian Suicide and Shortcomings ofSocialism in Interwar Japan. Undergraduate Review, 14(1): Article 4. PDF Download.

Ruan FF, Tsai YM (1988). Male homosexuality in contemporary mainland China. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 17(2): 189-99. Abstract. PDF Download.

Ruan Y, Luo F, Jia Y, Li X, Li Q, Liang H, Zhang X, Li D, Shi W, Freeman JM, Vermund SH, Shao Y (2009). Risk factors for syphilis and prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C among men who have sex with men in Beijing, China: implications for HIV prevention. AIDS and Behavior, 13(4): 663-70. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Rubin, Kyna (2002). The Butterfly And The Sword: AIDS In China. Health Affairs, 21(3): 221-227. PDF Download.

Sang TD (2002). Restless Longing: Homoerotic Fiction in China. IIAS Newsletter, 29, November. PDF Download. Download Page.

Shaw R K-w (2002). Gay desire and the politics of space. Master's Dissertation, Hong Kong University. Download Page. Note: Must accept agreement before dissertation is accessed.

Shiau H-C (2008). Performativity, Intertextuality, and Social Change: An Ethnographic Analysis of Taiwanese Gay Personal Ads. Gender Forum: An Internet Journal of Gender Studies, No. 20. Full Text.

Shiau H-C, Chen C-C (2009). When Sissy Boys Become Mainstream: Narrating Asian Feminized Masculinities in the Global Age. International Journal of Social Inquiry, 2(2): 55-74. PDF Download.

Shiu-Ki TK (2004). Queer at Your Own Risk:  Marginality, Community and Hong Kong Gay Male Bodies. Sexualities, 7(1): 5-30. PDF Download PDF Download.

Smith R (2002). Queer Mongolians: Is Isolation Their Destiny? IIAS Newsletter, 29, November. PDF Download. Download Page.

Smith G, Chung LC, Louey P (2002). A Study of the Sexual Behavior and Attitudes of the Men who use Hong Kong's Gay Saunas. Aids Concern, Hong Kong. PDF Download. PDF Download.

So SM-p (1996). An exploratory study of the myth and reality of male homosexual in Hong Kong. Master's Dissertation, Hong Kong University. Download Page. Note: Must accept agreement before dissertation is accessed.

Someya Y (2005). The Creature of Asexual Love in My Name is Shingo. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Stahlénius O (2007). Det queera Japan: Genusföreställningar och normbrytande konst i det samtida Japan. PDF Download.

Stickland LR (2004). Gender Gymnastics: Performers, Fans and Gender Issues in the Takarazuka Revue of Contemporary Japan. PhD Dissertation.  Asian Studies, Murdoch University. Download Page.

Suen P-k (2001). Filming gay representations : male homosexuality in Hong Kong and Taiwanese cinema. Master's Dissertation, Hong Kong University. Download Page. Note: Must accept agreement before dissertation is accessed.

Suganuma K (2006). Festival of Sexual Minorities in Japan: A Revival of the Tokyo Lesbian & Gay Parade in 2005. Full Text. Download Page.

Summerhawk B (1998). From Closet to Classroom: Gay Issues in ESL/EFL. The Language Tacher, May. Full Text.

Sun Z, Farrer J, Choi K-h (2006). L'identité des hommes aux pratiques homosexuelles à Shanghai. Perspectives Chinoise, 93, janvier - février. Full Text. Translation

Sun Z (2003+). Chinese Traditional Culture and Modern Recognition of Gay Rights. PDF Download N/A.

Sun Z, Farrer J, Choi K-h (2006). Sexual identity among men who have sex with men in Shanghai. China Perspectives, 64, March-April: 2-12. Full Text. Download Page.

Takeyama A (2005). Commodified Romance in a Tokyo Host Club. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Tan, Jia (2007, 2010). Chinese Queer Videos Beyond Visibility: The Politics of Independent DV in the Era of Transnationalism. Presented at the Screen Studies Conference 2007, University of Glasgow. (2010). Beyond Visibility: Independent Chinese Queer Videos in the Era of Transnationalism. Cultural Studies Monthly, April 25, 2010. Full Text.

Tang D (2005). Spaces to Be Maneuvered: Lesbian Identities and TemporalityPaper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Tang, Tse-shang Denise (2008). Conditional spaces and infinite possibilities : Hong Kong lesbians and urban spatialities. PhD Dissertation, Sociology, Hong Kong Polytechnic University. PDF Download.

Tao X, Gai R, Zhang N, Zheng W, Zhang X, Xu A, Li S (2010). HIV infection and mental health of "money boys": a pilot study in Shandong Province, China. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 41(2): 358-68. Abstract. PDF Download.

Testa, Amy (2010). Changing Attitudes: The Male Homoerotic Tradition in Late Imperial China through Present Day. Honor's Dissertation, Robins College. PDF Download.

Thorn M (2004). Girls And Women Getting Out Of Hand: The Pleasure And Politics Of Japan's Amateur Comics Community. In: William W. Kelly, ed., Fanning the Flames: Fans and Consumer Culture in Contemporary Japan. New York: State University of New York Press. Amazon. Google Books.

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Ting, Ming-hao (2009). The study on the male to male sex workers in Shanghai China. Master's Dissertation, College of Commerce, National Chengchi University. Download Page.

Tsui HY, Lau JTF (2010). Comparison of risk behaviors and socio-cultural profile of men who have sex with men survey respondents recruited via venues and the internet [Hong Kong]. BMC Public Health, 10: 32. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

UN Technical Working Group on MSM and HIV/AIDS, Beijing, China (2008). Enabling effective voluntary counselling and testing for men who have sex with men. Increasing the role of community based organizations in scaling up VCT services for MSM in China. PDF Download.

Van de Werff T (2010). The Struggle of the Tongzhi: homosexuality in China and the position of Chinese 'comrades'. In: Dubel & Hielkema (eds). Urgency Required: gay and lesbian rights are human rights. The Hague: HIVOS. PDF Download.

Wang, Chun-Chi (2007). Lesbianscape of Taiwan: Media History of Taiwan's Lesbians. PHD. Dissertation, University of Southern California. PDF Download.

Wang FT, Bih HD, Brennan DJ (2009). Have they really come out: gay men and their parents in Taiwan. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 11(3): 285-96. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Wang L, et al. (2012). HIV prevalence and influencing factors analysis of sentinel surveillance among men who have sex with men in China, 2003–2011. Chinese Medical Journal, 125(11): 1857-1861. PDF Download. Download Page.

Wang, Jinjie (2007). Chinese university students' perspectives toward their gay and lesbian peers. Master of Education Dissertation, University of Saskatchewan. PDF Download. Download Page.

Warren, Robin A (2004). Gay Marriage: Analyzing Legal Strategies for Reforms in Hong Kong and the United States. Pacific Rim Law & Policy Journal, 13(3): 771-805. PDF Download. Download Page.

Welker J (2004). Telling Her Story: Narrating a Japanese Lesbian Community. Japanstudien: Jahrbuch des Deutschen Instituts für Japanstudien, 16: 119-144. PDF Download. See also: Welker, James (2010). Telling Her Story: Narrating a Japanese Lesbian Community. Journal of Lesbian Studies, 14(4): 359-380. Abstract.

Wilson B, Toku M (2003). "Boys' Love," Yaoi, and Art Education: Issues of Power and Pedagogy. A chapter for a special issue book for Semiotics and Art/Visual Culture (Shank Ed.) which will be published by the NAEA (National Art Education Association) in 2003. Full Text.

Wong AD (2008). The Trouble with Tongzhi: The Politics of Labeling among Gay and Lesbian Hongkongers. Pragmatics, 18(2): 277-301. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Wong AD (2005). The reappropriation of tongzhi. Language in Society 34: 763–793. Abstract. PDF Download.

Wong AD (2005). Language, Cultural Authenticity, and the Tongzhi Movement. Texas Linguistic Forum, 48: 209-215. PDF Download.

Wong C, Tang C (2004). Sexual practices and psychosocial correlates of current condom use among Chinese gay men in Hong Kong. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 33: 159-167. PDF Download. Download Page.

Wong CY, Tang CS (2004). Coming out experiences and psychological distress of Chinese homosexual men in Hong Kong. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 33(2): 149-157. Abstract. PDF Download.

Wong C, Tang C (2003). Personality, psychosocial variables, and life satisfaction of Chinese gay men in Hong Kong. Journal of Happiness Studies, 4: 285-293. PDF Download.

Wong, See-huat (2008). Cosmopolitan consumption of sexualized space : Hong Kong's gay bar/club/sauna. Master of Sciences (Urban Planning) Dissertation, University of Hong Kong. Download Page.

Wong WC, Kong TS (2007). To determine factors in an initiation of a same-sex relationship in rural China: using ethnographic decision model. AIDS Care, 19(7): 850-7. Abstract. PDF Download.

Wong WC, Zhang J, Wu SC, Kong TS, Ling DC (2006). The HIV related risks among men having sex with men in rural Yunnan, China: a qualitative study. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 82(2): 127-30. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

World Health Organization (2009). Health Sector Response to HIV/AIDS Among Men Who Have Sex With Men: Report of the Consultation, 18–20 February 2009, Hong Kong SAR (China). Manila, the Philippines: World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific. PDF Download.

Wu, Chao-Jung (2007). Performing Postmodern Taiwan: Gender, Cultural Hybridity, and the Male Cross-Dressing Show. PhD Dissertation, Wesleyan University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Wu KK, Leung EY, Leung AY (2008). A survey on same-sex attraction in secondary school adolescents: prevalence and psychosocial factors. Hong Kong Journal of Psychiatry, 18: 15-22. PDF Download. Full Text.

Wu R (2004). Becoming an Inclusive Community: Challenges from Hong Kong’s Tongzhi Movement. PDF Download.

Xiaopei H (2002). Birthday in Beijing:: Women Tongzhi Organizing in 1990s’ China. IIAS Newsletter, 29, November. PDF Download. Download Page.

Xu JJ, Reilly KH, Lu CM, Ma N, Zhang M, Chu ZX, Wang JJ, Yun K, Shang H (2011). A cross-sectional study of HIV and syphilis infections among male students who have sex with men (MSM) in northeast China: implications for implementing HIV screening and intervention programs. BMC Public Health, 11: 287. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Yeh, Nei-Ching (2008). The social constructionist viewpoint on gays and lesbians, and their information behaviour. Information Research, 13(4). Full Text.

Yujie, Guo (2010). A History of Lesbians Organizing in China. China. Development Brief, no.47 (Fall 2010). Full Text.

Zhang, Jennifer Q (2011). Tongzhi Today, Tomorrow: Homosexuality in Modern China & the Emerging Gay Identity. Senior Dissertation, Trinity College, Hartford, CT. PDF Download. Download Page.

Zhang L, Ding X, Lu R, Feng L, Li X, Xiao Y, Ruan Y, Vermund SH, Shao Y, Qian HZ (2012). Predictors of HIV and Syphilis among Men Who Have Sex with Men in a Chinese Metropolitan City: Comparison of Risks among Students and Non-Students. PLoS One, 7(5): e37211. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Zhang, Weidong (2009). Crime, Disease, Sex, and Abnormal Love: Sexual Minorities under Dominant Gaze in Chinese Media. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton New York, New York City, NY. Full Text.

Zhao, Jin (2010). Imagining Queerness: Sexualities in Underground Films in the Contemporary P. R. China. Communication Theses. Paper 73. Master's Dissertation, Georgia State University. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Zhongxin S, Farrer J, Choi KH (2006). Sexual Identity Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Shanghai. China Perspectives, 64(April): 1-17. Abstract. Download Page.

Zi’en C (2002). Filtered Voices: Representing Gay People in Today’s China. IIAS Newsletter, 29, November. PDF Download. Download Page.

Zou H, Wu Z, Yu J, Li M, Ablimit M, Li F, Pang L, Juniper N (2010). Sexual risk behaviors and HIV infection among men who have sex with men who use the internet in Beijing and Urumqi, China. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiemcy Syndromes, 53 Suppl 1: S81-7. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.


Southeast Asian Sexual Minorities: - 2 Parts - SE Asia: Mekong Region & SE Asia (Minus Mekong Region)

Note: Additions to this list will initially be made on - This Web Page (End of Page) - and here about one year later.

Southeast Asia: Mekong Region


Talk About Sexuality in Thailand: Notion, Identity, Gender Bias, Women, Gay, Sex Education and Lust - 2004 - by Nithi ʻĪeosīwong. Full Text. Google Books. Chapters: To Become Gay.  Sex and Power. Removing Power, Not Clothes. The Association of Housewives. ...

Aizura, Aren Z (2009). Where Health and Beauty Meet: Femininity and Racialisation in Thai Cosmetic Surgery Clinics. Asian Studies Review, 33: 303–317. PDF Download.

Altman, Dennis (2004). Sexuality and Globalization. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 1(1): 63-68. PDF Download.

Ayutthaya, Prempreeda Pramoj Na (2007). Fluidity of Thai Queer Sexualities and Their Experiences of Accessing Sexual Health Care. Master's Disssertation, Mahidol University. PDF Download.

Bao VN, Girault P (2005). Facing the fact Men who have sex with men and HIV/AIDS in Vietnam. ENCOURAGES Project – CIHP - Collected working paper. Unpublished.  PDF Download.

Barea, Milagros Expósito (2012). From the Iron to the Lady: The Kathoey Phenomenon in Thai Cinema [The Iron Ladies: El fenómeno kathoey en el cine tailandés]. Sesión no numerada: Revista de letras y ficción audiovisual, Núm. 2 (2012): 190-202. PDF Download.

Baxter D (2006). Bangkok’s MSM HIV Explosion – Precursor for Asia’s Mega-cities? HIV Australia, 5(2). PDF Download N/A. Full Text. Also as Part 1, Part 2..

Berliner, David (2011). Luang Prabang, sanctuaire Unesco et paradis gay [Luang Prabang, Unesco sanctuary and gay paradise]. Genre, sexualité & société, 5 (Printemps). Full Text. Translation.

Berry S, McCallum L (2010, Draft). Reference Guide MSM and Transgender People Multi-City HIV Initiative. AIDS Projects Management Group for UNDP Asia Pacific. PDF Download.

Blanc, Marie-Ève (2005). Construction sociale des homosexualités masculines au Viet Nam. [Social contruction of male homosexualities in Vietnam]. Revue internationale des sciences sociales, 4(No. 186). PDF Download Page & Abstract. (Google Translation. PDF.

Blackwood E (2000). Culture and Women's Sexualities. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 223-238. Full Text.

Boonnimitra, Sopawan (2006). Lak-ka-pid-lak-ka-perd: contemporary urban conditions with special reference to thai homosexuality. PhD Dissertation, Malmö Academies of Performing Arts, Lund University, Sweden. PDF Download.

Canotal, Eugene Espejo (2009). An Overseas Example of "Lighter is Better": The Implications of Colorism Among Male Sex Workers in Thailand. Master of Social Work Dissertation, Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, Mass.. PDF DownloadDownload Page.

Chaiyajit NL, Walsh CS (2012). Sexperts! Disrupting injustice with digital community-led HIV prevention and legal rights education in Thailand. Digital Culture & Education, 4(1): 146-66. Abstract & Full Text.

Chariyalertsak S, Kosachunhanan N, Saokhieo P, Songsupa R, Wongthanee A, Chariyalertsak C, Visarutratana S, Beyrer C (2011). HIV incidence, risk factors, and motivation for biomedical intervention among gay, bisexual men, and transgender persons in Northern Thailand. PLoS One, 6(9): e24295. PDF Download. PubMed abstract.

Chemnasiri T, Netwong T, Visarutratana S, Varangrat A, Li A, Phanuphak P, Jommaroeng R, Akarasewi P, van Griensven F (2010). Inconsistent condom use among young men who have sex with men, male sex workers, and transgenders in Thailand. AIDS Education and Prevention, Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22(2): 100-109.  PDF DownloadPubMed abstract.

Clatts MC, Giang le M, Goldsamt LA, Yi H (2007). Male sex work and HIV risk among young heroin users in Hanoi, Vietnam. Sexual Health, 4(4): 261-267. PDF Download. PubMed abstract.

Colby D, Cao NH, Doussantousse S (2004). Men who have sex with men and HIV in Vietnam: a review. AIDS Education and Prevention, 16(1): 45-54. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed abstract.

de Lind van Wijngaarden JW (2006). Exploring factors and processes leading to HIV risk among the most vulnerable children and adolescents in Vietnam: Literature ReviewWord Download.

Couch M, Hong Khuat Thu (2004). Exchanges between Men within the Sexual Economies of Prostitution in Viet Nam. Paper presented at the The Australian Sociological Association (TASA) Conference held at the Beechworth Campus of La Trobe University. PDF Download.

Doussantousse S, Anh N, Tooke L (2002). Synopsis of Men engaged in having sex with men in Viet Nam - a Hanoi snapshot. Part 1. Part 2.

Doussantousse S, and others (2005). Male Sexual Health: Kathoeys in the Lao PDR, South East Asia - Exploring a gender minority. Research and discussion paper. Full Text. PDF Download.

Doussantousse S, Keovongchith B (2005). Male Sexual Health: Kathoeys in the Lao PDR, South East Asia – Exploring a Gender Minority. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.

Dowsett G, Grierson J, McNally S (2006). A Review of Knowledge About the Sexual Networks and Behaviours of Men Who Have Sex With Men in Asia. ARCSHS: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, Melbourne. PDF Download. See "Thailand" Section.

Gallagher R (2005). Shifting Markets, Shifting Risks: HIV/AIDS Prevention and the Geographies of Male and Transgender Tourist-Orientated Sex Work in Phuket, Thailand. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Gillispie, Clara (2005). Kathoey: Transgendered and Transvestite Men in Thailand. PDF Download.

Girault P, Saidel T, Song N, de Lind Van Wijngaarden JW, Dallabetta G, Stuer F, Mills S, Or V, Grosjean P, Glaziou P, Pisani E (2004). HIV, STIs, and sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. AIDS Educatio and Prevention, 16(1): 31-44. PDF Download. Abstract. See also: Sexual behavior, STIs and HIV among men who have sex with men in Phnom Penh, Cambodia 2000: PDF Download.

Goss, John (2005, Editor & Photography). Utopia Guide to Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar & Vietnam : the Gay and Lesbian Scene in Southeast Asia Including Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City & Angkor. USA: Utopia-Asia.com. PDF Download.

Graham S (2005). Indonesian Intersections of Bisexuality and Transgender. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Grieger, Matthew T (2011). Challenging Conventional Wisdom: Sex Work, Exploitation, and Labor Among Young Akha Men in Thailand. Master's Dissertation, George Washington University. PDF Download.

Guadamuz TE, Wimonsate W, Varangrat A, Phanuphak P, Jommaroeng R, McNicholl JM, Mock PA, Tappero JW, van Griensven F (2010). HIV Prevalence, Risk Behavior, Hormone Use and Surgical History Among Transgender Persons in Thailand. AIDS and Behavior. 2010 Nov 20. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed abstract. PDF Download.

Guadamuz TE, Wimonsate W, Varangrat A, Phanuphak P, Jommaroeng R, Mock PA, Tappero JW, van Griensven F (2011). Correlates of forced sex among populations of men who have sex with men in Thailand. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40(2): 259-266. PubMed abstract. PDF Download.

Guan, Toh Heng (2011, Draft). Constructing Masculinity in Southeast Asian LGBT Discourse. Paper presented at the ISA Asia-Pacific Regional Section Inaugural Conference 2011. PDF Download. Download Page.

Guillou, Anne Y (2002). Les enfants des rue et le probleme du SIDA au Cambodge: parcours feminin, parcour masculins.  Jeunesses marginalisées. La revue du GREJEM [Groupe de Recherche et d’Echanges sur les Jeunesses Marginalisées en Afrique et dans le Monde, CEA/EHESS], n° 1: 29-41. Download Page. PDF Download, Translation.

Haddad, Caroline  (2008, Editor). Mekong Erotics: Men Loving/Pleasuring/Using Men in Lao PDR. Bangkok, Thailand: UNESCO Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Haritaworn, Jin  (2008). Shifting Positionalities: Empirical Reflections on a Queer/Trans of Colour Methodology. Sociological Research Online, 13(1).