See: "Attempted Suicide" Results For Homosexually Oriented Males & Females: More Than 140 Studies!
At Another Website (Includes Transgender Study Results)
See: More Than 250 Full Text Papers and Documents Related to GLBT Suicidality.
APA Policy Statements on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, & Transgender Concerns. - Psychologists to Review Stance on Gays (2007):
"The American Psychological Association is embarking on the first
review of its 10-year-old policy on counseling gays and lesbians, a
step that gay-rights activists hope will end with a denunciation of any
attempt by therapists to change sexual orientation." - APA
Pamphlet on Homosexuality and Sexual Orientation (Alternate Link). - American
Psychological Association's resolutions re: GLBT Youth in Schools. - Harsh Realities: The Experiences of Transgender Youth in Our Nation's Schools (2009). - Association
for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Issues in Counseling. - Gay
and Lesbian Adolescent (2006, AACAP). - The
Gay and Lesbian Affirmative Development (GLAD) Model: Facilitating Positive
Gay Identity Development (1999, PDF Download). - Protecting
and Counseling Gay and Lesbian Students. - Gay
Teens: Preventing Self-Harm (1997, School Nurse). - Deadly Decision: Suicide in Gay Adolescents (2001). - Social
Work with Gay and Lesbian Adolescents (Abstract) -
Health Issues and Homosexuality (2001). - LGB
Mind Matters: Looking at Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual mental health issues.
are Your Beliefs About Gays and Lesbians?
Launch of Healthy People 2020, USA (2010): Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health: Goal - Improve the health, safety, and well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals. - Overview - LGBT individuals encompass all races and ethnicities, religions, and social classes. Sexual orientation and gender identity questions are not asked on most national or State surveys, making it difficult to estimate the number of LGBT individuals and their health needs. Research suggests that LGBT individuals face health disparities linked to societal stigma, discrimination, and denial of their civil and human rights. Discrimination against LGBT persons has been associated with high rates of psychiatric disorders,1 substance abuse,2, 3 and suicide.4 Experiences of violence and victimization are frequent for LGBT individuals, and have long-lasting effects on the individual and the community.5 Personal, family, and social acceptance of sexual orientation and gender identity affects the mental health and personal safety of LGBT individuals.6.
Semp D (2007). A Public Silence: Sexual Orientation and Mental Health Services (Word Download N/A: Was made to disappear?).
So, if discrimination related to sexual orientation is directly
connected to mental health problems for some MSM, then how well do
mental health services address this issue?... . Further some
participants were unable to disclose their sexuality in mental health
services even though they considered it central to their mental health
problems. This was the case for the two youngest men interviewed.
Daniel explained how a medical and symptom based approach was a barrier
to discussing his issues regarding his sexuality... They reported that
staff generally do not ask clients about sexual orientation and they
gave various reasons for this. One barrier to asking about sexuality is
the perceived dominance of the medical model... This focus on ‘mental
illness’ reduces the chance that staff may see conversations about
sexual orientation as important or relevant to their work. Instead, the
medical model requires them to focus primarily on symptoms and
diagnosis... Yet, homosexuality is marginalised, often remaining
unacknowledged. Thus, when homosexuality is omitted for MSM it is not
just their sexual behaviour that is ignored; rather, many other aspects
of their lives are also ignored such as their relationships, important
aspects of identity, and their experience of homonegative trauma... - Semp, David (2006). A public silence : discursive practices surrounding homosexuality. PhD. Dissertation, Psychology, University of Auckland (Abstract & Full Text Download). - Doubled up with stigma: gay men and mental illness in New Zealand (2009). - It's Harder To 'Come Out' About Mental Health Than Being Gay, UK.
Homoignorance: considerations for the gay or lesbian client in therapy
(2011): This article explores the issues that arise when working with
lesbian and gay clients in therapy. Fortunately, explicit homophobia is
now frowned upon in almost all therapeutic circles, but I’m looking at
the ways in which even ‘gay-friendly’ therapists can unconsciously
damage clients by ignoring crucial differences between gay and
heterosexual lives. This unconscious ‘homo-ignorance’, as it has been
called, is not limited to heterosexual therapists. I’ve been powerfully
struck while I was researching this piece how much it also applies to me
as an openly gay man working in a liberal, integrative training
institute. And I believe this is an important area of consideration
because the figures show that we as therapists will encounter a
disproportionate number of lesbian and gay clients in our work...
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: At Risk and Underserved (by Advocates for Youth): Open LGBT Identity Often Means Family Rejection. Open/Perceived LGBT Identity Often Makes School Dangerous. Lack of Positive Role Models. Substance Abuse, a Common Reaction to a Homophobic Society. High Risk Behavior for HIV Infection. Greater Risk for Attempting Suicide. LGBT Youth of Color Face Additional Challenges. Positive Trends and Steps. - GLBTQ Resources for Professionals. - Suicide and Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Youth. - Penn State Conference Addresses Counseling For Gay, Lesbian Youths (1997). - The Impact of Homophobia and Racism on GLBTQ Youth of Color.
Healing Homosexuality Through Reparative Therapy. - Convertir les gais et les lesbiennes à l'hétérosexualité. - A related book by Charles Socarides: A Freedom Too Far. - Some thoughts by Author. - Author's participation in education via Wall Street Journal: Don't forsake homosexuals who want help). - Homosexuality and the Possibility of Change: An ongoing research project with 31 research summaries. (Summary of Paper) - Reparative Therapy of Male Homosexuality: New Clinical Approach by Joseph Nicolosi. - Book Excerpt: Chapter One - Non-Gay Homosexuals: Who Are They? - Nicolosi's work with 'gay' teenagers. - A similar view from "Mastering Life Ministries N/A. - Reparative Therapy: Group Home for Gays in Memphis. - Psychology Today Elicits Disappointment & Concern from HRC: Magazine said Accepting Ads from NARTH, an Anti-Gay Group Misrepresents Gay Men and Lesbians, Reflecting Harmful Views. - Reparative Therapy: A Pseudo Science. - The ex-gay files: The bizarre world of gay-to-straight conversion (2010): Is homosexuality a form of mental illness? A small but evangelical band of psychotherapists believe that it is – and they're on a mission to 'heal' the afflicted. Patrick Strudwick enters the bizarre world of gay-to-straight conversion... - UN Tackles Gay 'Conversion Therapy' For First Time (2013). - Conversion Therapy Survey Reveals Real Harm In Gay 'Cure' (2013). - The Ex-Gay Survivor's Survey Results (2013).
the Damage: Recovering from 'Reparative Therapy'. - The Toughest Call: Conversion Therapy (20/20). - Reparative
Therapy for gay/bisexual teens in Utah: ABC's 20/20 8/29/97 N/A. -
condemns conversion therapies. - Book
review by Dr. J. D. Weinrich of J. Nicolosi's book "Reparative Therapy
of Male Homosexuality." - APA
Council of Representatives passes resolution on so-called reparative therapy.
or reparative therapy and similar therapies: an overview. - Mission
Impossible: Why Reparative Therapy & Ex-Gay Ministries Fail. -
defection of 'ex-gay' leader shows ministries' of credibility, HRC
says. - QRD
Resources: Ex-gay "Ministries". - All
Things Gay: Ex-Gay. - OutFront
Minnesota Fact Sheet: The Truth About "Converting" Gay People. - The
Homosexual Issues Involving Children in Canada: Answers to the questions
raised at the pre-sessional meeting of Canadian NGOs on June 10, 2003 (PDF
Download). - Counseling the Gay and Lesbian Client: Treatment Issues and Conversion Therapy. - The
gay cure? Given the evidence against them, why do one in six therapists
still see fit to offer gay clients treatments that aim to make them
straight? - The response of mental health professionals to clients seeking help to change or redirect same-sex sexual orientation.
World Health Organisation releases groundbreaking report condemning ’conversion’ therapies (2012). - Psychologists nix gay-to-straight therapy (2009): Association slams technique that seeks to change sexual orientation. - My Ex-Gay Friend (2011): I was headed to a small town north of Cheyenne to see an old friend and colleague named Michael Glatze. We worked together 12 years ago at XY, a San Francisco-based national magazine for young gay men, back when we were young gay men ourselves... Michael, who is 36, now often refers to gay life as a kind of cave — or cage. In an open letter to Ricky Martin, published on WorldNetDaily after Martin came out, he wrote, “Homosexuality is a cage in which you are trapped in an endless cycle of constantly wanting more - sexually - that you can never actually receive, constantly full of emptiness, trying to justify your twisted actions by politics and ‘feel good’ language.” - Rachel Maddow Covers the Retracted Ex-Gay Study and the Movement It Bolstered (2012). - Dr. Robert Spitzer Apologizes to Gay Community for Infamous ‘Ex-Gay’ Study (2012). - Therapist who tried to 'cure' me of being gay thrown out – but the system is still broken (2012).
Issue: Sexual Conversion Therapies: Ethical, Clincial, and Research Perspectives
- Abstracts (Journal Of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy, 5-3/4, 2002):
What Needs Fixing?: Introduction by Ariel Shidlo, Michael Schroeder,
Jack Drescher. - I’m Your Handyman: A History of Reparative Therapies by
Jack Drescher. - The View from Irving Bieber’s Couch: “Heads I Win, Tails
You Lose.” - Excerpts from "Cures: A Gay Man’s Odyssey" by Martin
Duberman. - Becoming Gay: A Personal Odyssey by Richard Isay. - Healing
homosexuals: A Psychologist’s Journey Through the Ex-Gay Movement and the
Pseudo Science of Reparative Therapy by Jeffrey G. Ford. - Cures Versus
Choices: Agendas in Sexual Reorientation Therapy by A. Lee Beckstead. -
Therapeutic Antidotes: Gay and Bisexual Men Recover from Conversion Therapies
by Douglas C. Haldeman. - Ethical Issues in Sexual Orientation Conversion
Therapies: An Empirical Study of Consumers by Michael Schroeder, Ariel
Shidlo. - Overview of Ethical and Research Issues in Sexual Orientation
Therapy by Marshall Forstein. - Ethical Concerns Raised When Patients Seek
to Change Same-Sex Attractions by Jack Drescher. - Sexual Conversion Therapies (Jack Drescher). - Un/divided
Loyalties: Therapists’ perspectives on working with lesbian and bisexual
women of colour.
What to Say When Your Teenager Says She's Gay
(2010): What role, if any, should parents and schools play in a child's
emerging sexual orientation? Sparks have been flying around that
question this spring.
Early last month, a small group called the American College of
Pediatricians (ACP) sent a letter to the nearly 15,000 school
superintendents in the U.S., stating that most adolescents who
experience same-sex attraction at age 12 no longer do by age 25, and
warning that prematurely labeling them could lead some "into harmful
homosexual behaviors they otherwise would not pursue." The letter also
stated that homosexual attraction and/or gender confusion "can respond
well to therapy." The far larger American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
posted a statement saying it is in no way affiliated with the ACP and
referred schools and parents to its own publications that urge
acceptance of gay, lesbian and bisexual youth... Other incidents this
spring: One Mississippi high school canceled its prom rather than allow
one senior to bring a same-sex date; another refused to let a girl be
photographed for the yearbook wearing a tuxedo rather than the
customary formal drape, and a group called PFOX (Parents and Friends of
Ex-Gays) distributed fliers advocating sexual-reorientation therapy in
Special Double Issue on The Mental Health Professions and Homosexuality: International Perspectives- Abstracts (Journal Of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy, 7-1/2, 2003): - As the World Turns: An Introduction (Excerpt, Must Scroll). - British Psychoanalytic Attitudes Towards Homosexuality. From Perversion to Sexual Identity: Concepts of Homosexuality and Treatment in Germany. - Psychiatric, Psychoanalytic, and Mental Health Profession Attitudes Toward Homosexuality in Switzerland . - Look to Norway? Gay Issues and Mental Health Across the Atlantic Ocean. - Homosexuality in Finland: The Decline of Psychoanalysis’ Illness Model of Homosexuality. - Happy Italy? The Mediterranean Experience of Homosexuality, Psychoanalysis and the Mental Health. - From “Long Yang” and “Dui Shi” to Tongzhi: Homosexuality in China. - Homosexuality in India: The light at the end of the tunnel. - The Emergence of an International Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Psychiatric Movement. - The International Psychoanalytical Association and Homosexuality. - A Psychoanalyst in Germany: A conversation with Paul Parin on Fritz Morgenthaler.
Guidelines to Assess if a Counseling Center is Gay/Lesbian-Affirmative. - Psychotherapy and Homosexuality.- Effective Psychotherapy For Gay Men (Ohio Psychological Association). - Topics in Narrative Psychology: Gay and Lesbian Identity. - Valuing a Gay or Lesbian Self-Identity: Help Yourself is created by University Counseling Services, Kansas State University. - Lesbian & Gay Parenting. - Counseling Center: Coming Out. - Cognitive therapy can reduce risky sex amongst gay men with compulsive sexual behaviour.
Lesbian and Gay Youth: Care and Counseling by Caitlin Ryan and Donna Futterman (1997) - (Chapter 3: Experiences, Vulnerabilities, and Risks.) - Counseling issues with gay and lesbian adolescents. - Issues for Gay and Lesbian Adolescents. - Counseling lesbian and gay male clients. - Gay Therapist Online is the Place for Gay Counseling Help! - Homosexualité Et Environnement Social: Le Cas Des Jeunes Adultes Et De Leur Famille (PDF Download). - Culturally appropriate career counseling with gay and lesbian clients (Alternate Link). - Career counseling with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered persons: the next decade. - IPG Counseling: GLBT (Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender) Therapy Services.
Counseling Transsexual Populations. - High Risk Project Society: An Introduction to: Gender, Transgender and Transphobia. - Guide to Intersex & Trans Terminologies. - Counseling the Transsexual Client: A Brief Overview of Transsexualism for Mental Health Professionals. - Issues of Countertransference in Therapy with Transgender Clients. - Recent Transgender Theory (Feminist Studies, Summer 2001). - Gender identity disorder in adolescence: outcomes of psychotherapy (Adolescence, Summer 1999). - Adolescents With Gender Identity Disorder Who Were Accepted or Rejected for Sex Reassignment Surgery: A Prospective Follow-up Study N/A by Yolanda L.S. Smith (Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, April, 2001: Abstract). - Clinical management of gender identity disorder in adolescents: a protocol on psychological and paediatric endocrinology aspects. - Counseling the Transsexual. - Gender counselling and its difficulties in cases of acute and chronic gender dysphoria. - Transgender and Counseling. - Los Angeles and Southern California transgender counseling and therapy for gender identity issues, disorders, and transvestite crossdressing behavior. - Culture and Sexual Orientation: How to Create More Sensitive Environments for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered Clients. - Transphobia in film: selected quotations. - Order your 'Trans Clients Speak' DVD today!: This is your chance to hear from Transgender and Genderqueer people about their range of experiences with therapists: helpful, insulting, insensitive, uplifting, pathologizing, plaguing, empowering, and healing.
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgendered Domestic Violence. - Domestic Violence in Gay and Lesbian Relationships. - Gay Men's Domestic Violence Project. - Abuse in Lesbian Relationships & Lesbian Friendly Service. - Domestic
Violence in Gay and Lesbian Couples and Related counseling. - Working
with Gay Men Who Batter. - Battering
in Lesbian Relationships: Mainstream Response and the Real Story. -
Sex Domestic Violence Bibliography. - Lesbian Battering & Sexual Violence Bibliography. - Male
Rape: Articles from the Professional Medical and Mental Health Journals. - Gay
and Bisexual Survivors of Sexual Abuse. - Gay Youth and Sexual Violence. - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Sexual Violence.
Eating Disorders - When your man has an eating disorder. - Males & eating disorders. - Eating Disorders in LGBT Populations. - Study links gays, eating disorders - Male Bulimia Sufferers Often Gay, Bisexual, a New Study Finds: "135 men with eating disorders who received treatment at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. Of the 135 men, 62 (46%) had bulimia, and 42% of the bulimic men either were homosexual or bisexual. Another 30 men (22%) had anorexia nervosa. Fifty-eight percent of the anorexic patients were identified as asexual, which the investigators defined as lacking all sexual interest for one year prior to being evaluated for the study. Overall, 27% of subjects were homosexual or bisexual, and 32% were asexual. (Study Abstract: Possible PDF Download) - Eating Disorders in males. - Issues for Men with Eating Disorders. - Eating Disorders in Males. "More men who develop anorexia or bulimia were seriously teased as overweight children," Andersen said, adding that about 21 percent of males with eating disorders are gay. - Anorexia in Males. - Males and Eating Disorders: Some Basic Facts and Findings. - Eating Disorders in Gay Men - Current Issues. - Gay Men, Eating Disorders and Crystal Meth Addiction. - Sexual Orientation and Eating Psychopathology: The Role of Masculinity and Femininity. - Eating Disorders in Diverse Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations. - Study Finds Gay & Lesbian Teens at Risk for Eating Disorders (2009).
Corboz J, et al. (2008). A review of the literature on depression and related issues among gay, lesbian, bisexual and other homosexually active people. Melbourne, Australia: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health, and Society, Faculty of Health Sciences, Division of Health Research, La Trobe University. Report prepared for beyondblue: the national depression initiative. PDF Download. There is a growing body of evidence, both international and Australian, to suggest that non-heterosexual people experience anxiety and depression at higher rates than their heterosexual peers and are at greater risk of suicide and self-harm. Yet, there has been little recognition of the implications of this for policy and practice. Contested debates on the influence of genes on sexual orientation aside, non-heterosexual people are not physiologically different from their heterosexual peers to all intents and purposes. However, they are likely to have different life experiences that contribute to at least two areas of particular need in relation to mental health and depression: managing the effects of homophobia and its consequences on a daily basis through the life course; and gaining access to mental health services that are able to respond to their needs in socially and culturally competent ways. The invisibility of these issues prompted the partnership between beyondblue and the Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society (ARCSHS) at La Trobe University to undertake a systematic and targeted international literature review of the evidence base on depression and related issues among non-heterosexual people, published between the years 2000 and 2008.
The Pink Practice: - Counselling - Library - Papers - Internet Links. - Links to Downloadable Papers. - The Montrose Counseling Center. - GLBT Resources from The University of Buffalo Counseling Center. - Istituto Gay Counseling: info sul Gay Counseling. (Italia) - Cos'e'il Gay Counseling? Il sito si propone di divulgare, in Italia, questo approccio psicologico, individuale, di coppia e di gruppo, indirizzato alla comunita' gay e lesbica. - Gay Counseling Institute (DGSS-Institut). - The 1999 Boulder Summit: a multi-issue, multicultural gay health's movement. Information related to the Gay Men's Health Summit (2000). - German Society for Social Scientific Sex Research, Inc. (DGSS) - Seattle Counseling Services is proud to provide counseling and therapy to the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgendered community of the greater Seattle area. Training issues for counseling psychologists in working with lesbian women and gay men. - Counselling men who have sex with men (for GP's). - Revised Guidelines for HIV Counseling, Testing, and Referral. - Counseling gay/bisexual men: Experiences of an Indian community-managed organization.
What is Bisexual Counseling? - Why seek a Bisexuality-Aware Professional? - Crisis counseling and support for bisexuals. - Resources for counselors working with bi clients N/A (by Univeristy of Texas BiSpaceN/A. Archive Link). - Counselling in a Gay Environment: "The purpose of this page is to foster discussion of counselling issues and difficulties in a Gay environment." - Becoming Visible: Counseling Bisexuals Across the Lifespan - 2007 - edited by Beth A. Firestein (Google Books) (Author Interview) ("What's in a Name? Why Women Embrace or Resist Bisexual Identity." by Robyn Ochs). - “…And Then There was the Down Low”: Introduction to Black and Latino Male Bisexualities. - Bialogue/GLAAD Bisexuality Packet for Mental Health Professionals.
Association for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Issues in Counseling: - Infusing Gay, Lesbian, & Bisexual Issues into Counselor Preparation Programs. - Gloria as a Lesbian: A Revisitation of “Three Approaches to Psychotherapy.” - The Relationship between Gay and Lesbian Identity Development and Psychological Adjustment. - A Support Group for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Questioning Youth: A High School-Based Approach. - Advocating for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Persons: Overcoming Barriers and Resistances. - Counseling Issues With Sexual Minorities: An Invisible Minority School. Population. - School Counselors and Sexual Minority Students. - Competencies for Counseling Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgendered (GLBT) Clients. - AGLBIC Newletter.
Re-Evaluation Counseling: - Counseling on "Gay" Distress.- An Open Letter to My Fellow Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Co-Counselors. - Some Thoughts on the RC Gay Policy.- Working on the Policy about Gayness. - Psychoanalytic therapy and the gay man: an international online seminar. - Counselling gay men with multiple loss survival problems: the bereavement group as a transitional object. - Psychotherapeutic Work with HIV Infected Gay Men: A View from Self Psychology on Recent HIV Infections. - Challenging the taboo: psychotherapy and sexual risk behaviour among HIV-infected homosexual men. - Heterosexual Counselors Can Effectively Run Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Support Groups with Additional Professional Growth. - Infusing lesbian, gay, and bisexual issues into counselor education.
The Association of Gay and Lesbian Psychiatrists (AGLP). - Association for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Issues in Counseling: - Bibliography of basic resources for counselors working with GLB clients. - Associations of Lesbian and Gay Psychologists in Europe N/A. - LAGPA Directory: Lesbian and Gay Psychotherapy Association of Southern California. A non-profit association of gay and lesbian psychotherapists, psychiatrists, social workers, family therapists, students, interns and other persons interested in ... - Istituto Gay Counseling. - Gay Men's Counselling. - Sexual Orientation and Mental Health: Toward Global Perspectives on Practice and Policy: An International Meeting on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns in Psychology (2001).
Therapeutic and Training Considerations for Psychiatry. - Crafting
a Lesbian/ Gay/ Bisexual - Affirmative Model of Pastoral Counseling.-
prejudice no longer 'permissible,' psychoanalysts say. - Psychiatry,
Psychology, Law and Homosexuality - Uncomfortable Bedfellows (R G Myers
Memorial Lecture 2000). - Mental
Health Issues of Particular Groups: Gay and Lesbian Seniors.
- LGBTQ Domestic Violence: Technical Assistance & Training Project:
Effective Case Management with LGBTQ DV Victims/Survivors (PPT Presentation). - A History of Sexual Abuse Elevates the Massachusetts Teenagers' Risk of Engaging in Unsafe Sexual Practices (2001).
Worthington, Anne (2011). Female homosexuality: psychanalysis and queer theory. PhD Dissertation, Middlesex University. PDF Download. Download Page. My thesis is that psychoanalytic discourse always characterises homosexual women as masculine. I evidence this through an examination of published psychoanalytic case histories of female homosexuals from 1920 to the present day. Informed by Foucault‘s genealogical methodology, I propose that this characterisation constitutes an ―unconscious rule‖, which transcends the differences between the various schools of psychoanalysis, and which has remained constant throughout its history and impervious to the challenges and critiques of its theory and practice. Since the late 1980s, the most recent critical engagement with psychoanalysis has come from queer theory. I argue that, despite the apparent promise of this engagement, queer theory, like psychoanalysis, is subjected to the same ―rule‖: lesbians are masculine.
Disparities in Health-Related Quality of Life: A Comparison of Lesbians and Bisexual Women
(2009): We investigated the association of health-related quality of
life (HRQOL) with sexual orientation among lesbians and bisexual women
and compared the predictors of HRQOL between the 2 groups... We used
multivariate logistic regression to analyze Washington State Behavioral
Risk Factor Surveillance System population-based data (2003 to 2007) in a
sample of 1496 lesbians and bisexual women and examined determinants of
HRQOL among lesbians and bisexual women.. For lesbians and bisexual
women, frequent mental distress and poor general health were associated
with poverty and lack of exercise; poor general health was associated
with obesity and mental distress. Bisexual women showed a higher
likelihood of frequent mental distress and poor general health than did
lesbians. The odds of mental distress were higher for bisexual women
living in urban areas as compared with nonurban areas. Lesbians had an
elevated risk of poor general health and mental distress during
midlife... Despite the standard practice of collapsing sexual minority
women into a single group, lesbian and bisexual women in this study
emerge as distinct groups that merit specific attention. Bisexual women
are at elevated risk for poor HRQOL.
van den Berghe W, et al. (2008). Minority-specific Determinants of Mental Well-being Among Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Youth. Belgium: University of Antwerp, Policy Research Centre on Equal Opportunities. PDF Download.This study discusses the impact of stress specific to being lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB), measured by means of the concepts of stigma consciousness and internalized homonegativity, on the mental well-being of LGB youth. Also, the effects of positive and negative social support were considered within the model. The sample consisted of 743 LGBs less than 26 years old who were recruited during the online ZZZIP survey in Flanders, Belgium. Hierarchical regression shows that LGB-specific unsupportive social interactions have the greatest direct effect on mental well-being of LGB youth, followed respectively by stigma consciousness, internalized homonegativity, and confidant support.
Szymanski DM, Carr ER (2008). The
Roles of Gender Role Conflict and Internalized Heterosexism in Gay and
Bisexual Men’s Psychological Distress: Testing Two Mediation Models. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 9(1): 40-54. PDF
Download. Many gay and bisexual men struggle with unique issues
related to being both a man and a sexual minority person. The purpose of
this study was to use feminist theory to test two mediation models
examining the roles of both gender role conflict and internalized
heterosexism (IH) in gay and bisexual men’s psychological distress.
Findings from the best fitting model revealed that gender role conflict
was both directly and indirectly (through IH) related to self-esteem,
and self-esteem was directly and indirectly (through avoidant coping)
related to psychological distress. Research and practice implications are discussed.
Bauermeister JA, Johns MM, Sandfort TG, Eisenberg A, Grossman AH, D'Augelli AR (2010). Relationship trajectories and psychological well-being among sexual minority youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39(10): 1148-63. PDF
Download. Dating in adolescence plays an integral part in the
development of sexual and social identities. This process is
particularly salient for sexual minority youth who face additional
obstacles to their identity formation due to their marginalized status.
We investigated the influence of participating in a same-sex
relationship (SSR) or an opposite-sex relationship (OSR) on sexual
minority youths' psychological well-being (i.e., symptoms of depression,
anxiety and internalized homophobia, and self-esteem) in an
ethnically-diverse sample of 350 youth (55% male) between the ages of
15-19 years, recruited from three GLBT drop-in centers in the New York
City area. Using longitudinal data, we examined youths' SSR and OSR over
time. Multivariate regression analyses suggest that involvement in a
SSR was positively associated with changes in self-esteem in males, and
negatively correlated with changes in internalized homophobia in
females. We discuss the implications for positive development in sexual
minority adolescent populations.
Sánchez FJ, Westefeld JS, Liu WM, Vilain E (2010). Masculine Gender Role Conflict and Negative Feelings about Being Gay. Professional Psychology, Research and Practice, 41(2): 104-111. PDF
Abstract. Professional psychologists who work with gay men have
noted that traditional masculine ideals play a prominent role in the gay
community whereby some endorse these traditional ideals and stigmatize
effeminate behavior by other gay men. One hypothesis is that this
behavior reflects negative feelings about being gay. This article
examined this hypothesis by reporting the results of an online survey of
622 self-identified gay men. Participants completed the Gender Role
Conflict Scale, Lesbian and Gay Identity Scale, the Social Desirability
Scale, and questions related to the importance of masculinity. Results
showed that most participants valued the public appearance of
masculinity; and they ideally wished to be more masculine than they felt
they were (Cohen's d = 0.42). A multiple regression analysis showed
that the degree to which they valued masculinity and were concerned with
violating masculine ideals was positively related with negative
feelings about being gay (Cohen's f(2) = .67). These findings highlight
the importance of exploring the role that masculine ideals play in gay
client's lives given that negative feelings about oneself can adversely
affect psychological well-being.
Cochran SD, Mays VM (2009). Burden of psychiatric morbidity among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals in the California Quality of Life Survey. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 118(3): 647-58. PDF
Download. In the present study, the authors investigate associations
between sexual orientation and mental health/substance use morbidity
using information obtained from 2,272 individuals, including 652 sexual
orientation minorities, age 18 to 72 years, interviewed in the
California Quality of Life Survey. Results confirm that minority sexual
orientation is a risk indicator for psychiatric morbidity. However,
levels of increased risk vary within this subpopulation by both gender
and patterns of sexual orientation expression. Among gay/bisexual men,
much of this greater burden is related to concurrent HIV infection.
Reducing excess mental health morbidity risk among sexual orientation
minorities could result in possibly a 5% to 11% reduction in the burden
of the disorders assessed here among the adult population. Sexual
orientation represents an important, but relatively understudied,
individual characteristic shaping risk for psychiatric morbidity.
Ueno K (2010). Same-Sex Experience and Mental Health During the Transition Between Adolescence and. Young Adulthood. Sociological Quarterly, 51: 484–510. PDF Download.Previous research has demonstrated that people who report same-sex experience tend to have poorer mental health than heterosexual people in adolescence and adulthood. Yet, little is known about how same-sex experience is associated with changes in mental health between the two life stages. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 12,056), this study assesses patterns of same-sex experience between adolescence and young adulthood and their consequences for changes in depressive symptoms, binge drinking, and drug use. Compared to people with no same-sex experience, those who report such experience only in adolescence show greater levels of mental health problems in adolescence, but they do not show any worse mental health changes during the transition into young adulthood. People who develop their first same-sex experience in young adulthood, however, tend to show worse changes, consistent with the argument that entry into a stigmatized role is psychologically harmful. Among females, those who report same-sex experience in both life stages also show worse mental health changes, indicating that the continuity in minority status contributes to their cumulative disadvantage. However, these differences are modest, and substantial amounts of variations in mental health changes are observed within each group. Findings are used to address the dynamic aspect of mental health disparity linked to sexuality.
High Levels of Psychological Distress in Men Who Have Sex with Men Are Independent of HIV Status
(2011): This study assessed psychological distress (PD) in men who have
sex with men (MSM) accessing primary health clinics in Australia.
Relationships between PD, HIV status and substance use were explored. A
cross-sectional convenience sample of 250 MSM completed the Personality
Assessment Screener (PAS). One-third (n = 83) scored in the PAS
clinically significant range, suggesting significant mental health
symptoms. Negative Affect (27 per cent clinically significant), Suicidal
Thinking (29 per cent clinically significant) and Amphetamine use
significantly positively correlated with PD. There were no significant
differences between HIV diagnostic groups on PD. A third of MSM
displayed PD. Psychological screening may provide valuable information
for improving the psychological well-being of MSM, regardless of their
Mental health of the non-heterosexual population of England
(2011): The Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007 (n = 7403) was
representative of the population living in private UK households...
Self-reported identification as non-heterosexual (determined by both
orientation and sexual partnership, separately) was associated with
unhappiness, neurotic disorders overall, depressive episodes,
generalised anxiety disorder, obsessive–compulsive disorder, phobic
disorder, probable psychosis, suicidal thoughts and acts, self-harm and
alcohol and drug dependence. Mental health-related general practitioner
consultations and community care service use over the previous year were
also elevated. In the non-heterosexual group, discrimination on the
grounds of sexual orientation predicted certain neurotic disorder
outcomes, even after adjustment for potentially confounding demographic
variables... This study corroborates international findings that people
of non-heterosexual orientation report elevated levels of mental health
problems and service usage, and it lends further support to the
suggestion that perceived discrimination may act as a social stressor in
the genesis of mental health problems in this population.
Adams J, Blair KL, Borrero-Bracero NI, Espin O, Hayfield NJ, Hegarty P, Herrman-Green LK, Hsu M-HD, Maurer O, Manalastas EJ, McDermott DT, Shepperd D (2010). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender psychology: An international conversation among researchers. Psychology & Sexuality, 1: 76-91. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page. This paper reports on a conversation between 12 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) psychologists at the first international LGBT Psychology Summer Institute at the University of Michigan in August 2009. Participants discuss how their work in LGBT psychology is affected by national policy, funding, and academic contexts and the transnational influence of the US-based stigma model of LGBT psychology. The challenges and possibilities posed by internationalism are discussed with reference to the dominance of the United States, the cultural limits of terms such as “lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender”, intergenerational communication between researchers, and the role of events such as the Summer Institute in creating an international community of LGBT psychologists.
Frisell T, Lichtenstein P, Rahman Q, Långström N (2010). Psychiatric morbidity associated with same-sex sexual behaviour: influence of minority stress and familial factors. Psychological Medicine, 40(2): 315-24. PubMed
We attempted to estimate the influence of minority stress and familial
factors on psychiatric disorder among adults with same-sex sexual
partners. Self-report data from a 2005 survey of adults (age 20-47
years, n=17,379) in the population-based Swedish Twin Registry were
analysed with regression modelling and co-twin control methodology...
Rates of depression, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), eating
disorders, alcohol dependence and attention deficit hyperactivity
disorder (ADHD) were increased among men and women with same-sex sexual
experiences. Adjusting for perceived discrimination and hate crime
victimization lowered this risk whereas controlling for familial
(genetic or environmental) factors in within-twin pair comparisons
further reduced or eliminated it... Components of minority stress
influence the risk of psychiatric ill-health among individuals with any
same-sex sexual partner. However, substantial confounding by familial
factors suggests a common genetic and/or environmental liability for
same-sex sexual behaviour and psychiatric morbidity.
Pathela P, Schillinger JA (2010). Sexual Behaviors and Sexual Violence: Adolescents With Opposite-, Same-, or Both-Sex Partners. Pediatrics, 126(5): 879-886. PDF Download. From the 2005–2007 New York City Youth Risk Behavior Surveys, 3805 male and 3456 female adolescents reported having had sex and the sex of their sexual contacts. Subgroups were constructed: only opposite-sex partners; only same-sex partners; and partners of both sexes (both-sex partners). Weighted prevalence, risk behaviors (eg, using drugs/alcohol with sex), and sexual identity among subgroups were described. Similar numbers of sexually active male (3.2%) and female adolescents (3.2%) reported only same-sex behavior, but fewer male than female adolescents reported both-sex partners (3.7% vs 8.7%; P < .001). Male adolescents with both-sex partners reported a higher prevalence of sexual risk behaviors than male adolescents with only opposite-sex or only same-sex partners. Female adolescents with both-sex or only same-sex partners reported a higher prevalence of risk behaviors than female adolescents with only opposite-sex partners. Adolescents with both-sex partners reported a marked prevalence of dating violence and forced sex. Many adolescents with only same- or both-sex partners (38.9%) self-identified as straight.
Terp, Dianne M (2011). When Joanie Comes Marchin’ Home: An Exploratory Study of Community-based Mental Health Services For Lesbian Military Families. Master's Dissertation, Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, Massachusetts. PDF
Download. Download Page.
The U.S. military invests significant resources into support for
servicemembers and their families. Due in part to the federal policies
known as “Don't ask, don't tell” (DADT) and The Defense of Marriage Act
(DOMA), the military does not provide this support to lesbian military
families. This study researched the potential of lesbian-focused
community mental health centers as viable alternative providers for
these servicemembers. The findings of the study showed that the best
prepared lesbian-focused mental health centers can provide only 73% of
the resources which the military states are needed. The average center
had access to only 40% of the defined resources. The study raises new
questions about community based mental health centers‟ ability to treat
military families and the potential value of research on “officially
McGeorge C, Stone Carlson T (2011). Deconstructing heterosexism: becoming an LGB affirmative heterosexual couple and family therapist. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 37(1): 14-26. Abstract. PDF
Download. The purpose of this article is to propose a three-step
model to help heterosexual therapists become more aware of the influence
of their own heteronormative assumptions, heterosexual privileges, and
heterosexual identities on the therapy process. This article also
provides definitions of concepts central to the practice of affirmative
therapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients and strategies that
therapists and clients can use to deconstruct heterosexism in the
context of therapy.
Zietsch BP, Verweij KJ, Bailey JM, Wright MJ, Martin NG (2011). Sexual orientation and psychiatric vulnerability: a twin study of neuroticism and psychoticism. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40(1): 133-142. PDF Download. Abstract.
Our results contradicted this idea, with nonheterosexual men and women
scoring significantly higher on Neuroticism and Psychoticism than their
heterosexual counterparts, suggesting an overall elevation of
psychiatric risk in nonheterosexuals. Secondly, we used our genetically
informative sample to assess the viability of explanations invoking a
common cause of both nonheterosexuality and psychiatric vulnerability.
We found significant genetic correlation between sexual orientation and
both Neuroticism and Psychoticism, but no corresponding environmental
correlations, suggesting that if there is a common cause of both
nonheterosexuality and psychiatric vulnerability it is likely to have a
genetic basis rather than an environmental basis.
Hatzenbuehler ML, Keyes KM, McLaughlin KA (2011). The protective effects of social/contextual factors on psychiatric morbidity in LGB populations. International Journal of |Epidemiology, 40(4): 1071-80. Abstract. PDF Download.The past-year prevalence of major depression and generalized anxiety disorder was lower among LGB respondents living in states with higher concentrations of same-sex couples, compared with LGB respondents in states with lower concentrations. Additionally, the increased risk for mood and anxiety disorders among LGB individuals exposed to economic adversity and social isolation was evident only in states with low concentrations of same-sex couples. These interactions between the risk and protective factors were not found among heterosexuals, suggesting specificity of the effects to LGB individuals. Results were not attenuated after controlling for socio-demographic factors, state-level income inequality, state-level policies targeting LGBs and state-level attitudes towards LGB-relevant issues... These results provide evidence for the protective effect of social/contextual influences on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in LGB individuals. Measures of the social environment should be incorporated into future research on the mental health of LGB populations.
Nickels SJ, Walls NE, Laser JA, Wisneski H (2011-2012). Differences in Motivations of Cutting Behavior Among Sexual Minority Youth. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, Online First. PDF
Download. This aim of this study is to examine predictors of
specific motivations for engaging in cutting behavior among a community
sample of sexual minority youth. The study involved secondary analysis
of data collected by a community-based organization serving lesbian,
gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth and their allies.
Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were conducted using a
final sample of 131 sexual minority youth ages 13–24. Analyses indicate
that cutting occurs at high rates among sexual minority youth and that
certain demographic characteristics, psychosocial variables, and mental
health issues significantly predict endorsement of particular
motivations for cutting among youth in this sample. Implications for
social work assessment and intervention with sexual minority youth are
Jung, Gretchen (2011). But we still end up dead: effects of mainstream Hollywood film on Queer identity development. Master's Dissertation, Education, California State University Sacramento. PDF
Download. Download Page.
The stereotypical portrayals of Queers in Hollywood film do not provide
such models. Historically, in many films the Queer character, who is
rarely a hero, ends up dead before the end of the film; sometimes at the
hand of another, or from disease but most often by his her own hand.
Sources of Data: Questionnaires were distributed to 35 adult individuals
primarily, within the greater Sacramento area, 27 were returned and
analyzed. In addition, five participants were contacted requesting
supplement dialogue. Three individuals were able to participate in the
additional conversations. Both the questionnaires and the dialogue
focused on the influence the participant felt film had in their identity
development as Queer people. Although the concern of this study is the
prevalence of Queer youth suicide, adults were used in this study due to
the problems associated in finding an adequate sample of Queer youth.
The adults were asked to reflect on early films viewed and the feeling
generated by those films. Conclusions Reached: The responses from the
participants while not conclusive, build a strong case for the negative
effect seeing demeaning and deadly portrayals of Queer people in film
had on the self-image of these Queer respondents.
Smith, Tones (2011). Pathology, bias and queer diagnosis : a crip queer consciousness. Master's Dissertation, Social Work, Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, Massachusetts. PDF
Download. Download Page.
The medical industrial complex has historically contributed to the
oppression and pathology of queer and disabled people in a myriad of
ways; through forced medication and institutionalization, as well as
denial of self-determination and identity. Queer theory and disability
theory both challenge modes of normalcy directly related to both queer
and disabled identities by using a lens that encompasses sexuality,
gender, embodiment, health and impairment. This paper will use queer
theory and disability theory to analyze the ways in which queer and
disabled identities are connected and co-constructed, as well as, the
ways in which these intersections may expand our thinking in social
work. The current diagnosis and controversy around Gender Identity
Disorder as a diagnosis in the DSM will be examined through the lenses
of queer theory and disability theory, to aid in the continued movement
to depathologize queer and disabled identities. It is the perspective of
this paper that the liberation of queer people is directly linked to
the liberation of disabled people and that trans/queer justice is
Torres, Rodrigo (2011). In their own words: A qualitative analysis of relational resilience in the lives of gay, bisexual, and questioning male youth. PhD Dissertation, Department of Psychology, DePaul University. PDF
Download. Download Page. Clinical Implications:
The findings of this study have implications for clinical and
counseling practice. Before proceeding to these implications, I want to
note that the mere positing of these implications based on the findings
drawn from the lives examined for this dissertation does in no way
suggest that the young men from whom so much was learned are in need of
or require therapeutic intervention. The heart of the therapeutic
process is the relationship between the patient and therapist. The
present effort suggests that authenticity, mutuality, trust, and empathy
should be nurtured within the therapeutic process. Both the therapist
and patient must develop trust for one another and for their
relationship. At times, patients typically approach therapy with fear
and trepidation, sometimes engendered by past clinical relationship
characterized by hurt, invalidation, and even pain. To help nurture
trust from the patient, it is important for that the therapist to learn
to trust the patient. To do this the therapist must forego any semblance
of the all knowing, all-powerful therapist. Mutuality does not mean
equality-it means equity and openness to change and healing on both
sides. While the therapist certainly must exercise certain authority
within the therapeutic setting and the patient moves into a place of
vulnerability, the attitude should be one of empowerment and not what of
power over. Therapist and patient alike must risk change and
uncertainty. Based on the previous discussion, the following implication
for clinical and counseling practice can be derived from the findings
of the current study: ...
Peterson, Jean (2010). Gifted, Gay and Suicidal A Study of the Adolescent Experience. PDF
Download. The Study: - Participants: 18 young adults (6 females; 12
males), age 18-25, self-identified as gifted and GLB. - Mailing to GLB
support groups at 8 midwestern universities. - 10-page questionnaire; 13
open-ended questions related to social, emotional, academic concerns. -
Quantitative and qualitative analysis.
the Challenges of Being Gay or Lesbian: A first rate series
of videotapes aimed at helping psychotherapists work with gay and
lesbian clients; it also provides the lay person with penetrating insights
into the personal travails facing gays and lesbians in an often hostile
family and societal environment. Each of the five videotapes in the series
entitled, "Psychotherapy With Gay & Lesbian Clients" provides
a well-crafted exploration of a range of critical issues from a personal
Gay Men and Alcohol Update (UK): A fair deal for lesbians in therapy-
an ethical issue? A model for making agencies accessible to lesbian, gay
and bisexual people.
National Suicide Prevention LGBT Project:
PACE launched its national review of mental health support for LGBT
people on August 17th. Commissioned by the National Mental Health
Development Unit at the Department of Health the research will examine
what is currently being done to promote better mental health for LGBT
people in England.
To "The SEARCH Section" For The
Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites
to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable -
Where "Free Papers" Are Available!
Resources: - Mental Health Net: Many Iterms, Search Required. - Gayscape's Counseling and Psychotherapy Resources. - BGLAD. - For the next three years counselling work funded by the London Gay Men's HIV Prevention Partnership will be delivered jointly by HGLC, PACE and THT. Rob White finds out about the services on offer. - Special issue on Lesbian Therapists in Women and Therapy, Vol. 18(2): Abstracts. - Internet Resources for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Elders. - LGBT Therapists: Minnesota's (MN) Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender mental health providers' network. - Resources for Counseling Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Questioning/Queer Students & GLBTQ College Admission Counseling Professionals. - Association for Gay Lesbian & Bisexual Issues in Counseling of Alabama. - Fenway: Transgender Health Resources. - National Coalition of LGBT Health.
F. Kenneth Freedman: - Gay & Lesbian Mental Health (Part 1) - Part 2. - Faith, Identity, and Gay & Lesbian Awakening. - Spiritual / Sacred Psychology. - Multicultural Counseling. - Ecopsychology. His 1998 Master's Thesis - Rainbow Bridges: Counseling with Gays and Lesbians, Paying Particular Attention to Cultural, Spiritual, and Psychological "Otherness" - is available as a download "thesis.doc" file via the Home Page.
Michael Shernoff: Articles / Papers on Gay Male Lifestyles. - Articles/Papers on Non HIV/AIDS Counseling and Therapy. Books Written or Edited.
Kort's Index of Archived Articles:
Some Titles: Straights and queers both have 'body image' fears. - Cass
Model of Gay & Lesbian Identity Formation. - Queer Eye
for the Straight Therapist. - Boys Who Play with Dolls. - Covert Sexual
Abuse of the Gay Male Culture, Leading to Sexual Addiction. - The Men
In the Mirror: Understanding Gay Men and Their Porn...
Walt Odets: Articles.
Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff: - Turning up the Heat: How to make sex hot again in long-term relationships. - Déjà vu: Problems that Repeat in Relationships: How to change those patterns we all seem to repeat over and over again in our relationships. - CPR For Lesbian Bed Death. - When the Child Becomes the Parent to the Parent: Issues facing children and aging parents. - Reflections of a Queer Shrink: Observations on twenty years of counseling within the G/L/B/T community. - Size Discrimination: The Last Acceptable Prejudice. (More Papers by Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff).
Self-Help Psychology: - Finding Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Information Off the Net, at Community Centers, Libraries and Bookstores. - Articles related to GLBT issues. - Books. - ALBGTIC: Mentoring Program. - GLBTA Mentor Program. - USC LGBT Peer Mentoring Program. - LGB RPCV Mentor Program. - Howard Brown Mentor Program is dedicated to ensuring that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning (LGBTQQ) youth, ages 14 to 24, lead healthy, high quality lives by connecting them with caring, trustworthy adult members of the LGBTQ community who are committed to developing meaningful relationships with these youth, both individually and within a group setting. - A Group Practice Exercise with Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Transgender (LGBT) Persons “Coming out”.
University School of Social Work Student Organization's Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
Transgender Caucus Home Page N/A: - GLBT
Resources & Links N/A - Social
Work Links N/A. - PsychPage
Resources. - Search
Mental Health Net. - Vancouver BC: Counselling for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Issues: List of Counselors / Psychologists. - Gay and Lesbian Counselling and Community Services of Australia. - Three organisations provide free counselling for gay men in London. - THT Launches 'Connect' Counselling For Gay Men, UK:
Terrence Higgins Trust (THT) is launching 'Connect' a new low cost
counselling service, based in King's Cross, aimed at gay or bisexual
Ministerial Advisory Committee on Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Health and Wellbeing:
Preface... The Ministerial Advisory Committee on Gay, Lesbian,
Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Health and Wellbeing (GLBTI MAC) in
making its submission to the Because Mental Health Matters consultation
paper wants to make a clear statement that the most effective
prevention strategy to mental health problems in GLBTI communities
would be to minimise and eliminate discrimination on the basis of
sexual orientation and gender identity. To do this would require a
significant whole of government commitment and approach but in the
context of implementation of the Charter of Human Rights and the
government’s response to the imminent release of the Equal Opportunity
Review Final Report: An Equality Act for a Fairer Victoria it seems to
the community members of the GLBTI MAC that the time is right... - Lesbians, gay men and bisexuals and mental health:
This factsheet provides information on the types of mental distress
experienced by LGB people, the social factors that affect their mental
health, and the experiences of LGB people in mental health services.
Journals: - Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling. - Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health. - Journal of GLBT Family Studies. - The Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services: (BUBL abstracts: 1997-2000). - Journal of LGBT Youth. - Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy: (BUBL abstracts: 1993-1998). - Journal of Bisexuality. - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. Full Text Papers: - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff (Obituary, 2008). - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum.
Abstracts: - Gay-related Development, Early Abuse and Adult Health Outcomes Among Gay Males. - Emotion regulation and internalizing symptoms in a longitudinal study of sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents. - Gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth risks for
emotional, physical, and social problems: results from a community-based
survey. - Lesbians' constructions of depression. - Role of Sexual Orientation and Gender-Related Traits in Disordered Eating. - Gay-Related Stress and Emotional Distress Among
Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths: A Longitudinal Examination. - Gay Men with Learning Disabilities: UK Service Provision. - Queer Theory and Its Future in Psychology: Exploring Issues of Race Privilege. - Childhood
Gender Nonconformity and Body Dissatisfaction in Gay and Heterosexual Men. - Counselling gay men with multiple loss and survival problems: the bereavement group as a transitional object. - Applying Social Empowerment Strategies as Tools for Self-Advocacy in Counseling Lesbian and Gay Male Clients. - Counseling and Mental Health Care for Transgender Adults and Loved Ones. - Gay-affirmative Therapy and Emerging Integrative Solutions. - Reflections on Understanding and Ameliorating Internalized Heterosexism. - Homophobia in Counselling Practice. - Mental Health Stereotypes About Gay Men.
Abstracts: - Affirmative Psychotherapy with Bisexual Women (2006). - Stressors for Gay Men and Lesbians: Life Stress, Gay-Related Stress, Stigma Consciousness, and Depressive Symptoms (2003). - Mental Health Services Experiences of Bisexual Women and Bisexual Men: An Empirical Study (2004). - Dimensions of sexual orientation and the prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders in the United States (2010). - Affirmative Psychotherapy with Bisexual Transgender People (2006). - Stigma, Concealment and Symptoms of Depression as Explanations for Sexually Transmitted Infections among Gay Men (2007). - Community in the 21st Century: Issues Arising from a Study of British Lesbians and Gay Men (2007). - Sexual Orientation and Mental Health (2007, Review). - Sexual Orientation and Psychiatric Vulnerability: A Twin Study of Neuroticism and Psychoticism (2009). - Heterosexuals’ acceptance predicts the well-being of same-sex attracted young adults beyond ingroup support (2009). - Gay Affirmative Practice: A Model for Social Work Practice with Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youth (2007). - Affirmative Practice and Alternative Sexual Orientations: Helping Clients Navigate the Coming Out Process (2009). - The Impact of Institutional Discrimination on Psychiatric Disorders in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations: A Prospective Study (2010). - Pervasive Trauma Exposure Among US Sexual Orientation Minority Adults and Risk of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (2010). - Group differences in risk across three domains using an expanded measure of sexual orientation (2010).
- A Selected Bibliography of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns in Psychology: An Affirmative Perspective. - LGBT
and Social Work Issues Bibliography. - GLBT Social Work Research Bibliography. - Same-Sex Domestic Violence Bibliography. - Six-Part
Annotated Bibliography. -
and therapy (working with men). - Pink
Practice Book Shop. -
for Educators on Counseling GLBT individuals. - Bibliography on the Science of Sexual Orientation and Conversion Therapies. - Fenway Community Health: Transgender Health Bibliography & Resources. - Recommended reading for providers (PDF
Download). - Gay and Lesbian Adoptive Parents: Resources for Professionals and Parents. - Resources,
Reports, Guides and Other Tools for Lawyers, Social Workers, and other
Providers Working with LGBTQ Youth in Out‐of‐Home Care. - GLBTI Counseling Bibliography. - Gay
and Lesbian Community and Chemical Dependence Indexed Bibliography of
Articl es Published in Professional Chemi cal Dependency Journals. - Bibliography on the Science of Sexual Orientation and Conversion Therapies. - Bibliography of Research and Clinical Perspectives on LGBT Aging. - A general reading list for those who wish to explore a variety of written words on (Trans)gender issues. - References from workshop: Understanding Same-Sex Couples in the Context of Minority Stress. - A Few References for Counseling LGBT Individuals. - Bibliography for Facts About Sexual Orientation. - Gay
and Lesbian Community and Chemical Dependence Indexed Bibliography of
Articles Published in Professional Chemical Dependency Journals (2008).
Books: - Homosexuality and American Psychiatry: The Politics of Diagnosis - 1987 - by Ronard bayer (14 Sample Pages). - Homosexuality and the Mental Health Professions: The Impact of Bias - 2000 - by the Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry (17 Sample Pages) (Google Books) (Review) (Review). - Psychiatry, Psychology, and Homosexuality (Issues in Lesbian and Gay Life) - 1995 - edited by Ellen Herman, Martin Duberman. - Male Homosexuality : A Contemporary Psychoanalytic Perspective - 1990 - by Richard C. Friedman, Roger A. MacKinnon. - Textbook of Homosexuality and Mental Health - 1996 - edited by Robert P. Cabaj and Terry S. Stein (Review in New England Journal of Medicine) (Google Books). - Lesbian and Gay Youth: Care and Counseling - 1997 - by Caitlin C. Ryan & Donna Futterman (Review) (13 Sample Pages). - Mental health issues in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender communities - 2002 - by Billy E. Jones, Marjorie J. Hill (Google Books) (Review). - Empowering The Tribe: A Positive Guide to Gay and Lesbian Self-Esteem - 2008, 1999 - by Richard Pimental-Habib (Review). - Becoming Visible: Counseling Bisexuals Across the Lifespan - 2007 - edited by Beth A. Firestein (Google Books) (Author Interview) ("What's in a Name? Why Women Embrace or Resist Bisexual Identity." by Robyn Ochs). - Social Work Practice with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People, Second Edition - 2008 - edited by Gerald Mallon. - Out in Psychology: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Queer Perspectives - 2007 - edited by Victoria Clarke, Elizabeth Peel (Google Books) (Review) (Section: The Challenge of Understanding LGBTQ Lives and Experiences). - Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies With Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients - 2003 - by Christopher R. Martell, Steven A. Safren, Stacey E. Prince (Google Books). - Coming Out, Coming Home: Making Room For Gay Spirituality In Therapy - 2009 - by Kenneth A Burr. - Lesbian and Bisexual Women's Mental Health - 2005 - by Robin M Mathy and Shelly K Kerr (Review) (Google Books). - Lesbian Families' Challenges and Means of Resiliency: Implications for Feminist Family Therapy - 2007 - by Anne M. Prouty Lyness. - The Velvet Rage: Overcoming the Pain of Growing Up Gay in a Straight Man's World - 2005 - by Alan Downs (Google Books). - Being Homosexual: Gay Men and Their Development - 1989, 2009 - by Richard A. Isay (Review) (Google Books).
Books: - Lesbian and Gay Psychology: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications (Psychological Perspectives on Lesbian and Gay Issues Volume 1) - 1994 - edited by Beverly Greene & Gregory M. Herek (Review). - Gay and Lesbian Mental Health : A Sourcebook for Practitioners - 1996 - edited by Christopher J. Alexander (Review) (Google Books). - Psychology and Sexual Orientation: Coming to Terms - 1996 - by Janis S. Bohan (Review) (18 Sample Pages). - Pink Therapy: Therapeutic Perspectives on Working with Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Clients - 2000 - edited by D. Davies and C Neal. - Pink Therapy: Issues in Therapy with Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Clients - 2000 - edited by D. Davies and C Neal. - Affirmative Practice: Understanding and Working With Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Persons - 2003 - by Ski Hunter and Jane C. Hickerson (Review). - Nurturing Queer Youth: Family Therapy Transformed - 2005 - by Linda Stone Fish, Rebecca G. Harvey. - The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals - 2008 - by Stephanie A. Brill, Rachel Pepper (Review). - Transgender Subjectivities: A Clinician's Guide - 2004 - by Jack Drescher, Ubaldo Leli (Review, Must Scroll) (Google Books). - Secret Loves, Hidden Lives?: Exploring Issues for People with Learning Difficulties Who Are Gay, Lesbian or Bisexual - 2005 - by David Abbott and Joyce Howarth. - Couple Therapy with Gay Men - 2002 - by David E. Greenan, Gil Tunnell, David Greenan (Review) (Google Books). - Feeling Queer or Queer Feelings? Radical Approaches to Counselling Sex, Sexualities and Genders - 2007 - edited by Lyndsey Moon. - Midlife and Older LGBT Adults: Knowledge and Affirmative Practice for the Social Services - 2005 - by Hunter (Review). - Sexual Orientation and Gender Expression in Social Work Practice: Working with Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender People - 2006 - edited by Deana F. Morrow, Lori Messinger (Review). - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Queer Psychology: An Introduction - 2010 - by Victoria Clarke, Sonja J. Ellis, Elizabeth Peel, Damien W. Riggs (Google Books).
Books: - Affirmative Dynamic Psychotherapy With Gay Men - 1995 - edited by Carlton Cornett. - Disorienting Sexuality: Psychoanalytic Reappraisals of Sexual Identities - 1995 - edited by Thomas Domenici, Ronnie C. Lesser (Amazon) (Google Books). - Easing the Ache Gay : Gay Men Recovering from Compulsive Behaviours - 1998 - by David Crawford, Guy Kettelhack. - Treatment of Homosexuals With Mental Health disorders - 1988 - edited by Michael W. Ross, John P. Dececco. - Gays, Lesbians, and Their Therapists: Studies in Psychotherapy - 1991 - by Charles Silverstein. - Reclaiming the Authentic Self : Dynamic Psychotherapy With Gay Men - 1995 - by Carlton Cornett. - On Intimate Terms : The Psychology of Difference in Lesbian Relationships - 1993 - by Berverly Berch (14 Sample Pages). - The Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy Treatment Planner - 1999 - by J. M. Evosevich and Michael Avriette (Table of Contents) (Amazon) (Review). - Clinical Handbook of Pastoral Counseling - 1992 - by Richard D. Parsons, Robert J. Wicks, Donald Capps. - Clinical Handbook of Pastoral Counseling, Volume 2 - 1993 - by Robert J. Wicks and Richard D. Parsons. - Clinical Handbook of Pastoral Counseling, Volume 3 - 2003 - edited by Robert J. Wicks, Richard D. Parsons, and Donald Capps (Google Books). - Handbook Of LGBT Issues In Community Mental Health - 2005 - by Jack Drescher, Ronald Hellman (Review, Must Scroll) (Google Books). - Youth with Gender Issues: Seeking an Identity - 2007 - by Kenneth McIntosh, Ida Walker. - Dual Identities : Counseling Chemically Dependent Gay Men and Lesbians - 2002 - edited by Dana G. Finnegan, Emily M. McNally (Fourth Edition) (Google Books).
Books: - Positive: HIV Affirmative Counseling - 1996 - Craig D. Kain (Review). - Counseling Gay Men and Lesbians: A Practice Primer - 2002 - by Bob Barret and Colleen Logan. - Same-Sex Love and the Path to Wholeness - 1993 - edited by Robert H. Hopcke, Karin Lofthus Carrington, and Scott Wirth (Review). - Growing Up Gay in America: Informative and Practical Advice for Teen Guys Questioning Their Sexuality and Growing Up Gay - 2002 - by Jason Rich. - Men who beat the men who love them by Island & Letellier (excerpt) (Amazon). - Same-Sex Domestic Violence: Strategies for Change - 1999 - edited by Beth Leventhal and Sandra E. Lundy (Amazon). - No More Secrets: Violence in Lesbian Relationships - 2002 - by Janice L. Ristock (Paper by author: "Exploring dynamics of abusive lesbian relationships: preliminary analysis of a multisite, qualitative study." 2003: Abstract) (Amazon) (Google Books). - British Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Psychologies: Theory, Research, and Practice - 2007 - by Elizabeth Peel, Victoria Clarke, Jack Drescher (Google Books). - Deconstructing Heterosexism in the Counseling Professions: A Narrative Approach - 2004 - edited by James M. Croteau, Julianne S. Lark, Melissa A. Lidderdale, Y. Barry Chung (Chapter 3). - Interventions With Families of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, And Transgender People: From the Inside Out - 2007 - ediyed by Jerry J. Bigner, Andrew R. Gottlieb. - Relationship Therapy With Same-Sex Couples - 2004 - edited by Jerry J. Bigner, Joseph L. Wetchler (Google Books).
Books: - Ethnic and Cultural Diversity Among Lesbians and Gay Men (Psychological Perspectives on Lesbian and Gay Issues, Volume 3) - 1997 - edited by Beverly Greene (Abstract) (Amazon). - Other Women: Lesbian/Bisexual Experience and Psychoanalytic Views of Women - 1997 - by Beverly Burch (Review) (Amazon). - Lesbians and Psychoanalysis: Revolutions in Theory and Practice - 2000 - edited by Judith M. Glassgold, Suzanne Iasenza (Review) - Lesbians, Feminism, and Psychoanalysis The Second Wave - 2004 - by Judith Glassgold, Suzanne Iasenza (Contents). - Career and Life Planning With Gay, Lesbian, & Bisexual Persons - 1996 - by Susan Gelberg and Joseph T. Chojnacki (Review) (Review). - Counseling Gay Men and Lesbians: Journey to the End of the Rainbow- 1992 - edited by Dworkin, Sari H. & Gutierrez, Fernando J. (Review). - Stigma and Sexual Orientation: Understanding Prejudice against Lesbians, Gay Men and Bisexuals - 1998 - edited by Gregory M. Herek. - The Mental Health Professions and Homosexuality: International Perspectives - 2003 - by Jack Drescher, Vittorio Lingiardi (Review) (Review, Must Scroll) (Content/Abstracts) (Google Books). - Substance Use Disorders in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Clients: Assessment and Treatment - 2009 - by Sandra C. Anderson. - Youth, Education, and Sexualities - 2005 - edited by James Thomas Sears (2 Volumes) (Google Books) (Google Books).
Live Nude Girl: Chronicles of a Sex-Positive Culture - 1997 - by
Carol Queen (Review) (Amazon). - Issues
in Therapy with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Clients
- 2000 - edited by Charles Neal & Dominic Davies (Excerpt
PDF Download) (Barnes
& Noble Reference) - Lesbians
and Gays in Couples and Families: A Handbook for Therapists - 1998
- by Joan Laird and Robert-Jay Green. - Handbook
of Counseling and Psychotherapy With Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients
- 2002, 2006 - edited by Ruperto M. Perez, Kurt A. Debord, Kathleen J. Bieschke,
and Laura S. Brown (Review) (Review). - Sexual
Subjects: Lesbians, Gender, and Psychoanalysis - 1997 - by Adria
E.Schwartz (Google Books).
Your Hour: A Guide to Queer Psychotherapy - 2001 - by Michael Bettinger
(10 Sample Pages). - The
Course of Gay and Lesbian Lives: Social and Psychoanalytic Perspectives
- 2000 - by Bertram J. Cohler and Robert M. Galatzer-Levy (Review) (Amazon) (Google Books). - Queer: Counselling and Narrative Practice - 2002 - edited by David Denborough (Review) (By author: Community song writing and narrative practice). - Sexual Orientation and Mental Health: Examining Identity and Development in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual People - 2005 - edited by Allen M. Omoto, Howard S. Kurtzman (Review). - British Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Psychologies: Theory, Research, and Practice - 2007 - by Elizabeth Peel, Victoria Clarke, Jack Drescher (Google Books) (Review).
Books: - Death by Denial: Studies of Preventing Suicide in Gay and Lesbian Teenagers - 1994 - edited by Gary Remafedi. - Homosexualité et suicide - 2003 - par Eric Verdier, Jean-Marie Fridion (Review). - Sexuelle Orientierung, Suizidalität und psychische Gesundheit - 2005 - Von Martin Plöderl (Google Books). - Dead boys can't dance: sexual orientation, masculinity, and suicide - 2004 - by Michel Dorais, Simon Louis Lajeunesse (Google Books). - Mort ou fif. La face cachée du suicide chez les garçons - 2000 - de Michel Dorais, Simon Louis Lajeunesse (Review).
Search Engines & Directories: - Google.com. - Google Scholar. - MSN
Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer
Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.
Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal. - Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - OpenPDF.com. - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. - findarticles.com: many free full text articles and papers. - Scribd.com.
Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers). eScholarship Repository: University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries. - NTUR, National Taiwan University. - Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. - UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory.
Search for Free Articles, Papers or Reports: FindArticles.com - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. - NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere. The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.
Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project
Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.
Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses, Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available - OpenThesis.org.Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. - Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. - Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers, 2005, 3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review: Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports.
The development of these GLBT information web pages were made possible through the collaboration of Richard Ramsay (Professor, Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary) and Pierre Tremblay (independent researcher, writer, and GLBT children and youth advocate) who both recognize that often needed social changes occur as the result of knowledge availability and dissemination. Additional Information at: Warning, Acknowledgments, Authors.
These GLBTQ Info-Pages were located at the University of Southampton from 2000 to 2003, this being the result of a collaboration with Dr. Chris Bagley, Department of Social Work Studies, University of Southampton.
Graphics are compliments of Websight West. The Synergy Centre donated computer/Internet time to facilitate the construction of this GLBT information site. Both are owned by a Chris Hooymans, a friend, and former publisher of a gay & lesbian magazine in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Chris continues to offer his expertise whenever needed and he has supplied, free of charge, the hosting of the site - Youth Suicide Problems: A Gay / Bisexual Male Focus - where a smaller - GLBTQ Education Section - and the Internet Resource Page for this subject (http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/links1.htm) is located.
Many thanks to Wendy Stephens from The Department of Communications Media, University of Calgary. She communicated with publishers of many academic journals (an ongoing time-consuming process) for permission to reproduce abstracts from papers and studies on these GLBT information web pages.
The information made available on this web page does not represent all the relevant information available on the Internet, nor in professional journals and in other publications.
This web page was constructed to supply a spectrum of information for individuals seeking to understand one or more of the many gay, lesbian, bisexual, queer and transgender issues.