Race / Ethnic Minority Page Index
Section 1B (This
Asian-American / Canadian (Chinese
- Korean - Japanese
- South Asian - Vietnamese
-- General Asian Resources: Web
Resources - Bibliographies. - Books.
-- American, Canadians & Europeans of Middle
East Origins: Web Resources -
-- General Resources for Peope of Color, including Racism
Issues. - Books.
Note: Full Text Documents are Located on Another Web Page.
Section 1A: - Aboriginal People in Canada & United States: - Web Resources & Bibliographies - Books. / Australia. -- Latin-American / -Canadian: - Web Resources & Bibliographies - Books. -- African-American / -Canadian: - Web Resources & Bibliographies - Books.
Collation of Information related to racism issues: "Racism
in Predominantly White Gay and lesbian Communities"
Constructing Masculinities and Experiencing Loss: What the Writings of Two Chinese Americans Tell (2006). - My race, too, is queer (2007): queer mixed heritage Chinese Americans fight for marriage equality (2007). - Tracing Chinese Gay Cinema 1993-2002 (2005). - Ethan Mao (2004): Gay Chinese-American Boy's Struggle in Hollywood-ish Crime Thriller. - Was Mom Chung "A Sister Lesbian"? Asian American Gender Experimentation and Interracial Homoeroticism (2001). - The Gay Asian American Male: Striving to Find an Identity (2000):
“When I hear ‘gay community’ I automatically think ‘white.’ Being gay
seemed like such a white thing. It never occurred to me that you can be
Asian and gay,” says 22-year-old college student Alex,* who is of
Chinese descent. “Even though I’m Asian and gay, I just never
associated the two. It was always one or the other.”
C S S S M: Chinese Society for the Study of Sexual Minorities; A Newsletter. - (English Version of Newsletter - 1997-2003). - "Chinese gays and lesbians from around the world met in San Francisco June 26 - 28 .". - Portrait of gay playwright Chay Yew ("Red") (2004). (Related Google.com search) - Asian Gay Faces Double Prejudice (2001, Canada). - In July 2000, Edward Cheng Ming Tang - a Chinese immigrant, successful businessperson, father and gay man - established the Pride Scholarship to help APA lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and questioning (LGBTQQ) youth achieve educational pursuits and dreams, proudly and without shame. - Under One Roof (2002): "A highly erotic and funny romantic film about two guys in love - one from a traditional Chinese-American family and the other with single California style mom." - Race, Sexuality Make for a Two-Pronged Fork: Asian-American gays face dual problems: A Gay, Chinese-American Perspective.
Dress Like a Boy - 2000 - by Quentin Lee (Amazon).
- Chinese-American Life Behind ‘Red Doors’: "Riverton mentioned that
the LGBT community in the United States has embraced the film. The
community praised the lesbian relationship between Riverton’s character
and Elaine Kao when “Red Doors” was screened as part of Outfest, the
first LGBT film festival in the United States, where it took several
awards. “I was surprised that they were interested in featuring us,”
Riverton said. “The lesbian relationship isn’t a huge part of the
movie—only a small one.” Riverton is nonetheless glad for the positive
reception amongst the LGBT community." - Saving Face (2005): An Asian American Lesbian Love Story. - Saving Face: A Chinese-American Romcom: A Romantic Comedy Set in the Chinese-American Community of New York. - The Chinese-American Lesbian Feel-Good Comedy of the Summer (2005, Saving Face).- Under One Roof
(Wkipedia): a 2002 independent gay-themed romantic comedy-drama
directed by Todd Wilson . Shot on digital video, the film tells the
story of a young gay Chinese-American man's search for true love and
family acceptance within a framework of traditional norms..
Mounting the Nian: The Theatre Offensive unveils an award winner: "If you’re 23 years old and about to premiere your first full-length musical, you probably don’t mind the climb up five steep flights of stairs to the rehearsal hall on the top floor of the Boston Center for the Arts. And it’s okay that you’re sweating through rewrites, not to mention filling in as rehearsal pianist while six actors run through the songs you’ve written about being a young, gay Chinese-American mindful of the disconnect between your heritage and the culture of your new land."
Mei Ng (1998):
Mei Ng was born and raised in Queen’s Village, New York. She graduated
from Columbia University in 1988 with a degree in women’s studies. She
was also a student at Brooklyn College’s graduate program in fiction
writing. Temporarily, she worked as counselor for the New York City Gay
and Lesbian Anti-Violence Project. Ng is the third and youngest child
of Chinese immigrant parents. Family and the dynamics of
Chinese-American socialization into the US are at the center of Ng’s
widely reviewed novel "Eating Chinese Food Naked" (1998), her only
novel to date. - Jay Kuo (2007):
Musical theater's bright new light: How a young, queer,
Chinese-American charmer from San Francisco is making showtunes
exciting again. - Ohm-ma
(2003, Film): "Using older photographs of her mother's youth, super-8 footage
of Toronto's Korea town, along with images of her own present-day life,
this intimate narrative video-letter critically explores connections
between love, gender, race, sexuality and national identity by a young
queer-identified Korean-Canadian woman." - Ming-Na to Play a Lesbian on 'Stargate Universe' (2009). - Wayne Yung:
Born 1971 in Edmonton, Canada in a Chinese Family... As author, actor
and video artist he discusses questions of ethnicity and identity from
the Canadian-Chinese perspective... Filmography Listing.
"Strange mash-up" influences Aaron Chan's work:
Like many of the films we have come across in the shorts programmes at
the Queer Film Festival, Chan’s movie is a personal project. But
he isn’t giving much up, hoping the audience won’t go in with any
assumptions or guess as to how it will all play out... But get him
started about being Chinese and gay and that’s a completely different
matter as he talks of his very traditional family, the Chinese cultural
view of homosexuality and his own view of himself as a “strange
mash-up”. “Despite having raised their children in Canada, my parents
are traditional Chinese people, and with that brings up problems,” said
Chan. “It was difficult to come out to them because I never felt
like they understood what it was like to be gay or even the concept of
it.” Chan also points to how the “whole subject of being gay is taboo
in Chinese culture” making any discussion about homosexuality
difficult, not only for others in the Chinese community, but for
himself as well. “So if no one talks about it, how could they
understand it?” But Chan sees himself more than just the colour of his
skin. “I'm a strange mash-up of Chinese, Canadian, and gay, where
I feel like there's a balance of all three. But at times I feel
alienated when I think about the fact there isn't a community of gay
Chinese men like me, which is kind of sad”..
Looking for Asian Butch-Dykes: Exploring Filmic Representations of East Asian Butch-Dykes in Donna Lee's Enter the Mullet
(2009): .Asian butch-dykes have been overlooked in analyses of Chinese
cinema, studies that often concentrate on “feminized” transgender
roles. This article examines cinematic representations of Asian
butch-dykes through film analysis of Enter the Mullet (2004), a
five-minute short, and in-depth interviews with the filmmaker, Donna
Lee, a Chinese-Canadian in Vancouver...
Book launch: "‘An Asian gay man’s coming out journey’ (2006):
"Award-winning Malaysian writer, columnist and former journalist
o.young (Ouyang Wenfeng) will launch his latest title An Asian Gay
Man’s Coming Out Journey in Singapore this week. In this book, written
in Chinese, he gives an honest account of his experience coming out as
a gay man during his recent years of teaching and research in the US.
He will also share details about the part that his ex-wife, family and
the church played in a process in which he realized that one can never
lead a complete life unless one is to be honest with oneself..."
A Jewish, Chinese and Gay Movie Explores Several Identities (2006): The Conrad Boys
, a gay Chinese-American Jewish film, was shown at Frameline, San
Francisco's 30th annual International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and
Transgender Film Festival. This film is the debut production of
24-year-old writer, star and director, Justin Lo. - Phoenix Eyes and Other Stories - 2000 - by Russell Charles Leong (Google Books). Review: Interesting but not always fully developed stories about morose but compassionate gay Chinese American men. -
Constructing Masculinities and Experiencing Loss: What the Writings of Two Chinese Americans Tell
(2006): Chinese American men live in partially hostile environments
where they confront discrimination and stereotypes that can undermine
their sense of manhood. Through a critical analysis of autobiographies,
this study explores how two Chinese American men, Yi-Fu Tuan and Ben
Fong-Torres, poignantly construct viable masculinities. In the face of
discrimination, they experience conflicting selves as they negotiate
between their gender, race, class, and cultural and sexual identities:
a process that involved search for empowerment, splitting of selves,
and painful loss.
When I was a Chinese-American teen bisexual girl .... (2007): What do zombies, cheerleaders, teen love and smart-mouthed bisexual Asian girls have in common? Brent Hartinger's latest young adult novel, Split Screen! In this second sequel to Hartinger's excellent novel about gay teens, The Geography Club (2003), queer teens Russel Middlebrook and Min Wei work as extras on a zombie movie called Attack of the Soul-Sucking Brain Zombies.
Half of the story is told from Russel's point of view, and the other
half is told from Min's. (You just flip the book over when you're done
with one side of the tale and then begin reading the other
one.)Sixteen-year-old Min, who is an out bisexual Chinese-American teen
(wish there were more of those when I was a Chinese-American teen!),
soon finds herself drawn to a cute ex-cheerleader named Leah who is also
working as an extra and happens to have great fashion sense (a
military-esque jacket with epaulets is a key motivator in an early
Mookey's Story: A Transgender Journey (Part 1, Video) - .Mookey's Story: A Transgender Journey (Part 2, Video).
of Chinese American Christians rally in support of traditional marriage (2004). - Do Asian Americans hate gay marriage?
(2010): Korean Americans Hate Gay Marriage Most, Poll Reveals.The
headline reeled me in, but it was the blogger’s assertion that “it’s
been known for some time that Asian Americans are the ethnic group most
opposed to gay marriage in California” which got me going. First of
all, Asian American is not an ethnic group. Rather, it is a catch-all
for Americans who can trace their roots to East Asia, Southeast Asia
and South Asia... - .Majority of Californians Now Support Gay Marriage,
Poll Finds (2010): But other race/ethnicity groupings were mostly
against gay marriage: African-American (38% for gay marriage),
Chinese-American (41% for), Korean-American (25% for) and
Vietnamese-American (32%). - How dare Stephen Harper? (2005: I'm queer,
I'm Chinese and my parents love me): Stephen Harper will go to any
length to deprive gays and lesbians of their fundamental rights of
equality and dignity. He'll even resort to ethnic stereotyping if he
thinks it will help in his fight to stop same-sex marriage legislation.
Can A Gay Asian Be An Ugly American? The Nanjing Race Review
(2010): Philip is not responsible for the massacre of hundreds of
thousands of Chinese, but that is what Bao thinks about when he looks
at him. Bao’s fellow hotel worker Yu Ahn sees Philip as his ticket to
America. But Philip, a gay Japanese-American businessman from New
Jersey, views himself differently than these two hotel “floor boys”
whom he meets on his first trip to China, in 1988. He sees himself as
an outcast. The complexities of identity and perception are explored in
“The Nanjing Race,” a modest, appealing play by Reggie Cheong-Leen at
long last getting its New York debut, at the Abingdon Theater Company,
where it runs through November 21.
Activism in Asian and Asian-American Churches (2005). - Queer
Asian Spirit website. - China
Rainbow Association (CRA): a social support organization serving the
gay Chinese community in Los Angeles. - China
Rainbow Network: site by gay Chinese from the mainland for support
Resources: - Asian LGBT Organizations in America. - British Born Chinese Lesbian: Articles.
To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!
Divided We Fall (2000):
The press conference was called to trumpet the formation of the Korean
Americans for Civil Rights, (KACR), whose founding members are the Gay
Asian Pacific Support Network, Korean immigrant Workers Advocates, and
the National Korean American Service and Education Consortium. As
described in the press release, the organization's objectives are:
educating the Korean community about anti-gay initiatives; conducting a
series of forums to raise awareness on gay and lesbian issues in Korean
churches; and fostering long-term alliances in the Korean-American
community. To help achieve these goals, the coalition published
full-page ads in two major Korean-language newspapers..." - Straight From the Church: How Korean American churches in California rallied against gay rights (2000).
The Dari Project Goes to KASCON! N/A
The Dari Project will represent LGBT Koreans at the 20th annual Korean
American Student Conference (KASCON) at Princeton University, March
23-26, 2006. Dari will bring a strong, visible LGBT Korean presence to
the national conference of 2,000 Korean American college students...
Dari's contingent will include youth, women, trans folks, and adoptees.
Speakers will include noted organizers working in economic justice,
gender rights, media advocacy, health and HIV/AIDS, multilingual
organizing, and other social, political, and educational work. And
we'll talk about Dari's plans to produce a bilingual resource material
sharing LGBT Koreans' experiences with coming out, relationships with
our families, affirming faith, building community, etc." - The Dari Project
was created to develop resources that are designed to increase
understanding and awareness in the Korean American community of the
issues faced by LGBTQ people of Korean descent by documenting our lives
and stories. The project aims to provide a voice for progressive change
in the Korean American community around issues facing queer people..."
Coloring the Media (2006):
"It’s a good thing Andy Marra likes to keep busy. It’s not just that
the Korean American transgender activist is Gay And Lesbian Alliance
Against Defamation’s Asian-Pacific Islander Media Fellow, or that she’s
served on the boards of the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network
(GLSEN), the National Center for Transgender Equality (NCTE) and the
New York Association for Gender Rights Advocacy (NYAGRA). It’s that the
20-year-old transgender woman—pictured here accepting a 2005 Creating
Change Award from the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force—manages to do
all of this while attending school full time; pursuing both a political
science bachelor degree and a masters in public administration."
3rd Annual San Francisco Korean American Media Arts Festival: "Made in Korea" N/A: "Three women, Laurie (Eun Ah), Pam (Sung Ah) and Amber (Sook
Ji), who were adopted from Korea by middle class white families
in the 1970s, were raised as white straight kids. But they
are not white, nor straight. Minorities within minorities,
queer Korean adoptees, they are telling their stories of evolving
journeys to find and construct who they are as Korean and
queer..." - Rice: Explorations into Gay Asian Culture + Politics
- 1998 - Edited by Song Cho: "After recounting the experience of going
to gay bars in Ottawa and "feeling like I was drowning: the whiteness
was so complete," Cho expresses ongoing frustration at being lumped
together with those of other backgrounds in the category "Asian": "To
internalize 'Asian' as my identity is to see myself as an outsider
would see me, where the rich cultural and historical specificity of my
Korean culture is homogenized and erased, while permitting the
oppressor to dwell in his cultural ignorance." Whether it is the fault
of white people failing to differentiate among Asian/Pacific
backgrounds or those building pan-Asian/Pacific identities,
organizations, and politics, Cho does not specify...
Finding the Real Me (2007): The famous Chinese movie star Chen Xiao Ching once said, “It’s hard being a person, harder being a woman, and even harder being a famous woman.” What about being a transgender woman? Pauline Park, the chair of the New York Association for Gender Rights Advocacy, understands best the weight of this question. Whenever someone asks Park where she is from, Park never knows how to answer. Park and her brother were adopted by a Caucasian couple from a Korean orphanage when Park was only eight months old. Growing up in a small town in Wisconsin, Park and his brother were the only non-white residents. When he was in elementary school, teachers and parents looked at Park and his brother curiously and asked, “Whose children are these?” “Ever since I was a kid, I never knew where I belonged. I was born in Korea but I have never been there. I grew up in America but people call me Chinese or Japanese,” Park says. Even more confusing for her was her sexuality. “When I was little, I felt that I was a girl. I was just a girl’s soul in a boy’s body,” she says. In 1978, Park and her brother left home to attend college in Madison, Wis. Madison had a more active gay and lesbian community, and the university had a center for gay and lesbian students. This was where Park and her brother came out as openly gay...
a queer-enhanced and technology-enabled adaptation of the "Choose Your
Own Adventures" books popularized in the 1980s. Illustrated with
original comix and presented on the Web, Crossroads invites the reader
to make a choice at the end of each chapter: for instance, "Your
parents invite you to Bible Study. Do you say yes? Turn to page 41."
Based on fictionalized accounts of "true stories," Crossroads will
launch with the pilot story, a coming out adventure story about a
Korean American lesbian who faces conservative Christian family members
and both support and apprehension from the people around her. The
reader's choices have direct consequences for how the story unfolds in
Crossroads. Coming out is presented as a narrative journey and an
adventure in itself -- and the form of sequential art reflects the
series of choices involved in coming out. Storytelling is also used as
an essential part of community-building and resource-sharing. Judy Han
is the principal writer/artist/programmer behind Crossroads. Judy has
been active in progressive and queer Korean/American movements for over
twelve years, and her articles and artwork have been published in
Sojourner: The Women's Forum (June 2000)..."
An Hour or a Year
(by Jenie Pak, 2008): "I sit in a cubicle and daydream about changing my
life. Having a new career doing meaningful work, where I know how to
laugh, how to hug, and cry! I imagine coming out to my father, "By the
way, I'm a lesbian. I don't like guys. I like girls, get it? Do you
want me to throw some more dried cuttlefish on the stove for you?" ...
Instead, they got me, a big lesbo. While all of their friends' kids are
getting married, I'm living in San Francisco with my "roommate," my
"bestest friend." It's great how people can't bear to say the word:
lesbian, dyke, gaygirl. My mother asks, "Did something bad happen to
you in college?" I want to tell her it's a blessing -- this love for
girls... My conversations with my mother aren't any better. "Why don't
you meet a nice boy," my mom begs. "You're a young lady now -- wear
some dresses and grow your hair out." "The mother is talking to
herself," I reply. " She is making jokes and enjoying herself, and the
daughter is silently crying inside." ..."
On the Korean American Adoptee Adoptive Family Network (KAAN) 2004
conference: "The great thing about KAAN for me again this year, as in
past years, is the embrace of all my identities, all my realities, that
I feel at KAAN. Here, I need not hide or downplay any aspects of my
multi-layered identity, as is so often the case in the outside world.
The fact that I, an Asian-American a transracial adoptee, a gay man, a
parent, and even a journalist, is simply accepted as a fact about me,
and the dialogue moves on. It’s hard to overstate the profound sense of
belongingness and the ease that creates for me, someone whose life has
been defined by unusualness. One thing I can assure anyone who is
thinking about attending a KAAN conference: If you think you have an
unusual or challenging life-story, you’re bound to meet someone with a
more unusual or challenging one there..." - A Few Thoughts from a Korean, Adopted, Lesbian, Writer/Poet, and Social Worker.
Queer Korea: Identity, Space, and the 1998 Seoul Queer Film & Video
Festival (1999). - Sundance Film Short Explores Homosexuality in the Korean-American Community (2012): The story behind the new short-film Dol (First Birthday) is packed with enough drama to be turned into a movie of its own. Dol
was Korean-American filmmaker Andrew Ahn’s way of coming out to his
parents. He wanted acceptance from his family. He got that and, in the
process, had the movie accepted for screening at the Sundance Film
Festival, one of the most prestigious cinema showcases in the world.
Lee, Jee Yeun (1998). Toward a queer Korean American history. In: David Eng & Alice Hom (Eds.), Queer in Asian America, pp. 185-209. - Lee, Jee Yeun (1996). Why Suzie Wong Is Not a Lesbian. In: Brett Beemyn and M. Eliason (Eds.), Queer Studies: A Lesbian,. Gay, Bisexual, & Transgender Anthology, pp. 115-32. - Chung G, Oswald RF, Wiley A (2006). Good Daughters Three Different Ways of Being Korean American Queer Women. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 2(2), pp. 101-124. Abstract. - Sohng S, Icard LD (1996). A Korean Gay Man in the United States: Toward a Cultural Context for Social Service Practices. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 5(2/3): 115-138. Abstract.
Utopia's Korean Resources.- Pridelinks. - Chingusai, NY. - GLBT Korean Resources. - Asian LGBT Organizations in America. - KUE-LA.ORG!: Korean-Americans United for Equality (KUE) is an alliance of multigenerational straight and LGBTQI Korean-Americans committed to promoting sexual and gender equality... Links. - The Dari Project: a volunteer-led, grassroots organization that develops resources to increase awareness and acceptance in Korean American communities of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) people of Korean descent. By documenting and sharing the life stories of LGBTQ Koreans, the Dari Project seek to build bridges among Korean American families, social networks, institutions and faith communities.
Discussion questions include: How can queer youth interact with the rest
of the JA community? Is there a Homosexual JA community? What are the views
of Issei, Nisei, and Sansei etc. parents/friends¹ on homosexuality?
What is the future of the homosexual Japanese American? - Humor,
Perception, and Identity (1994). - Tamai
Kobayashi Interview (1999): "From
the Future Bakery to Old Man Dam, Tamai Kobayashi reveals the ordinary
and extraordinary lives of Asian-Canadian lesbians and their families
with a quiet intense passion. Kobayashi has a sharp eye for the poetic
in the everyday, and for the small resonant truths that gleam amidst
the seemingly mundane. Contemplative, generous, and precise, this is a
book about how history, personal and global, creates the present and
how the present evolves into history." - Out of the Closet, Onto the Bookshelf (1991, Free Access with Registration):
"Perhaps unexpectedly, gay fiction is often open to the problems of
other minorities. At the Out/Write conference I met gay
Japanese-American writers, gay Pueblo Indians, gay black writers, and
heard a whole panel devoted to gay Jews...."
Robert Imada (2001):
a native of Sunnyvale, California. He graduated in 1998 from Homestead
High School with honors... n high school, Robert was active in his
local LGBT Community Center and a LGB speakers bureau. After coming out
as gay to his parents when he was 16, he came out to his entire high
school through the campus newspaper as a columnist for the publication.
Since then, Robert has continued to put himself at the forefront of
Queer and racial justice activism as a gay Japanese-American man..." - Statement
by Japanese American Citizens League Director of Public Affairs
Kristine Minami Opposing the Federal Marriage Amendment (2004): "This is
why the JACL opposes the Federal Marriage amendment - because we
believe discrimination in any form is un-American. When any of us
are denied the rights and privileges enjoyed by others, society as a
whole is hurt and our national purpose diminished. Our country
was founded on the belief that freedom and liberty are basic,
fundamental guarantees, but unfortunately we live in a society that
requires vigilance to protect our civil liberties and human rights..."
Being Japanese American:
Japanese America, wake up! Time to put post-war immigrants from Japan
in your timeline. Time to recognize the youth who do not want to be
restricted by Japanese America when they can be free and successful in
mainstream society. Time to recognize mixed race JAs of whatever racial
mixture are as fully entitled to the label "Japanese American" as any
JA of completely Japanese heritage. Time to talk about racism not just
from mainstream American society, but the racism within the JA
community toward other races of people. Time to realize that gay and
lesbian JAs are numerous in the community, and should not be treated as
shameful outcasts or non-existent myths. Time to welcome JAs in Hawai'i
to be just as JA. And especially, to recognize that there are large
Nikkei communities far beyond the borders of the U.S..
Asian Pacific American Legal Center: Press Release, 2007:
... Debee Yamamoto, Director of Public Policy for the Japanese American
Citizens League (JACL), stated, “In 1994, the Japanese American
Citizens League became the first non-gay national civil rights
organization after the American Civil Liberties Union to support
marriage equality for same-sex couples. Current California laws
deny same-sex couples the fundamental right to marry. As Japanese
Americans, we recognize the detrimental effect that exclusionary laws
have on communities. As advocates for civil and human rights, the
JACL is proud to support this amicus brief and we urge the California
Supreme Court to uphold the rights of same-sex couples.”
Paul Kawata (2005):
National Minority AIDS Council: "When Paul Kawata agreed to serve as
executive director of the National Minority AIDS Council (NMAC) in
1989, the organization had a staff of four and operated on an annual
budget of about $700,000. Sixteen years later, Kawata oversees a
40-person operation with a budget of $7 million. "This was supposed to
be a four-year gig," he says with a laugh. "And I'm still here."
A 2000 interview reporting on early life issues such as xoming out to
family member and his partner (Must Scroll: PDF Download).
In the Realm of the Sansei (2002): "Recently a Vietnamese-American friend was giving a talk at a local college about Asian-American sexual politics. He pointed out the commonplace that while Asian and Asian-American women — from the geisha in Madame Butterfly to the bar girls in Miss Saigon — are seen as sensual, exotic creatures, Asian men are typically seen as unattractive, even sexless. The class was mainly white, with a few Asian Americans and African Americans. They protested that this was an overstatement. My friend asked if any of them had ever found an Asian man attractive. No one raised their hand. To me, this shouldn't be surprising. Growing up Japanese in 1950s America, I never saw an image of an attractive Asian man, much less a Japanese-American man like me. Instead, the heroes and great lovers were all white: Cary Grant, Jimmy Stewart, Clint Eastwood, Sean Connery, Marlon Brando. In those years, the typical image of a Japanese male was Mickey Rooney as the buck-toothed, mop-topped bespectacled photographer, screaming at Holly Golightly in Breakfast at Tiffany's, angry at her for constantly ringing his doorbell..."
National Japanese American Heritage Historical Society: Nikkei Heritage, 14(3), 2002: Gay and Japanese (PDF Download)...
Contents: JACL, Marriage and Civil Rights, On Our Honor: Boy Scouts and
the BCA, From the Past: A Gay Life, Gay Nikkei Pioneers, The Good
Fight: Kiyoshi Kuromiya, A Hidden History, Not-Queer, Not-Asian,
Not-Black, Resurrection of a Family, No Denial: Paul Kawata, Dancing on
the Moon: Jill Togawa, A Nikkei Church and its Covenant. - Gay Nikkei Pioneers.
Can A Gay Asian Be An Ugly American? The Nanjing Race Review
(2010): Philip is not responsible for the massacre of hundreds of
thousands of Chinese, but that is what Bao thinks about when he looks
at him. Bao’s fellow hotel worker Yu Ahn sees Philip as his ticket to
America. But Philip, a gay Japanese-American businessman from New
Jersey, views himself differently than these two hotel “floor boys”
whom he meets on his first trip to China, in 1988. He sees himself as
an outcast. The complexities of identity and perception are explored in
“The Nanjing Race,” a modest, appealing play by Reggie Cheong-Leen at
long last getting its New York debut, at the Abingdon Theater Company,
where it runs through November 21. - Award-Winning Nanjing Race, a Play of Culture Clash and Desire, Makes NYC Debut (2010).
A Fire Is Burning It Is in Me: The Life and Writings of Michiyo Fukaya
- 1996 - edited by Michiyo Fukaya, Gwendolyn L. Shervington: Michiyo
Fukaya, a Japanese-American lesbian poet and activist, was also a
single mother of a mixed-race daughter, living on welfare, a survivor
of childhood sexual abuse and adult sexual assault, and a woman of
color in an all white environment. This collection portrays her life
and that of a concerned lesbian community which was deeply affected by
born in Toronto, Ontario - is an award-winning Japanese-Canadian
[lesbian] filmmaker. Her work is short and feature-length films and
videos, and is exhibited internationally. Artist's Website. Articles & Interviews related to Midi Onodera.
This Is the Story of Mariko Tamaki and Jillian Tamaki.(2005):
Canadian cousins Mariko Tamaki and Jillian Tamaki are both natural
storytellers, Mariko using words, Jillian using pictures... "Writing
was a big part of the lesbian community at McGill University," says
Mariko, who self-identified as a lesbian in her second year at
university (these days, to express a more broader view of sexuality and
gender, she considers herself part of a queer community)... Mariko Tamaki's website.- Skim - 2008 - by Mariko Tamaki (Author) & Jillian Tamaki (Illustratot). - Skim, a beautiful graphic novel (2008).
Risk and Testing Behavior of Japanese Men in US Who Have Sex With Men:
Preliminary Findings: "Japanese men in the U.S. who have sex with men
(MSM) have disproportionately been affected by the AIDS epidemic. In San
Francisco, which has the highest proportion of Asian AIDS cases in the
U.S., a total of 773 Asian AIDS cases have been reported as of December
2000.1 Of these 773 cases, Filipinos had the largest number (270), followed
by Chinese (194) and Japanese (97). When adjusted for population size of
each ethnic group, however, the Japanese community (8.1 per 1,000) had
the highest prevalence of AIDS compared to the Filipino (6.0 per 1,000)
and Chinese community (1.5 per 1,000). Also, 84% of Japanese AIDS patients
in San Francisco have contracted HIV through homosexual contact and 33%
of these patients are citizens of Japan..."
(1943-2000): He was a committed civil rights and anti-war activist. He
was also one of the founders of Gay Liberation Front - Philadelphia and
served as an openly gay delegate to the Black Panther Convention that
endorsed the gay liberation struggle. Kuromiya was an assistant of
Martin Luther King Jr. and took care of King's children immediately
following his assassination... Kuromiya was involved in all aspects of
the AIDS movement, including radical direct action with ACT UP
Philadelphia and the ACT UP network, PWA empowerment and
coalition-building through We The People Living with HIV/AIDS, national
and international research advocacy, and loving and compassionate
mentor ship and care for hundreds of people living with HIV. Kiyoshi
was the editor of the ACT UP Standard of Care, the first standard of
care for people living with HIV produced by PWAs... - Obituary:
Asian American Gay Pioneer: Kiyoshi Kuromiya (2000, Alternate
Link). - Remembering Kiyoshi Kuromiya: Japanese American Gay, Health Care and Civil Rights Activist.
Shoulders to Stand On: Remembering Martin Hiraga (1956-2010): “We are at war against AIDS. Our front-line soldiers are PWAs (People With AIDS), and we will win this war in time. Our troops are being betrayed by enemies in the federal bureaucracy.” These are the words of Martin Kazu Hiraga, spoken in April, 1988. Martin was an energetic young man, with a warm smile, a huge heart, and the spark of life and justice that moved him into a position of leadership in the Rochester gay community... In Rochester, Martin Hiraga was a student at NTID (National Technical Institute for the Deaf) learning sign language interpretation/Spanish and English. Interpreting and training interpreters would be his primary work in the National Multicultural Interpreter Project from 1996 until his death in September, 2010. Locally, Martin was involved in the Deaf Pride Movement. He advocated for the deaf community, gays, lesbians and people of color....
Eguchi, Shinsuke (2011). Cross-National Identity Transformation: Becoming a Gay ‘Asian-American’ Man. Sexuality and Culture, 15: 19-40. PDF Download.Prior to moving to the U.S., the author, a gay Japanese man, was secure in his multiple identities. After the cross-national transition to the U.S., however, he confronted unique and particular challenges in negotiating his multiple identities. As a foreigner, adopting the cultural discourse of the gay Asian-American identity as a way of life shocked and surprised him—especially because of the ways in which others communicated with him. In particular, others generally viewed his identity expression as reinforcing the stereotypical image of gay men and failing to conform with the social perception of Asian-Americans. Also, the racialized and gendered image of gay Asian-American men became a conflict in his interactions with gay and bisexual men because its image did not fully represent who he is. Being trapped by his dual-identity conflict, he faced difficulty in negotiating performative aspects of gay Asian-American male identity construction. At the same time, this contradiction became an opportunity for him to (de)construct his dual identity conflict and to finally name himself with such labeling. This analysis employs autoethnography to explore the author’s cross-national transformation process of becoming a gay Asian-American man. Finally, this analysis intends to link his personal experience and the cultural and social experiences of gay Asian- American male identity.
Honor Thy Children: One Family's Journey to Wholeness - 2000 - by Molly Fumia (Google Books). "This heartbreaking story of a Japanese American couple who experienced the tragic deaths of all three of their children-two from AIDS, one a murder victim... They virtually disowned their firstborn son, Glen, upon learning he was gay. Troubled, sullen, secretive, raised by parents who feared he was not "normal," Glen left home in 1977 at age 15, living on college loans and forged checks; he died of AIDS in 1990...
Covering: The Hidden Assault on Our Civil Rights: (Amazon) "Yoshino has written a book that is both treatise and memoir. Taking his cue from Erving Goffman's introduction of the term "covering" (in Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity), Yoshino writes from his own experience as a young gay Japanese American who is also a lawyer and scholar at Yale University. Covering, Yoshino proposes, is "to tone down a disfavored identity to fit into the mainstream" (ix). He identifies three historical and individual stages of dealing with disfavored identity: conversion, in which the individual and/or society try to transform an identity to render it more acceptable (for example, attempts to convert homosexuals into heterosexuals); passing, in which the individual hides the undesirable identity to a greater or lesser extent depending on circumstances; and covering, in which the individual openly acknowledges the undesirable identity but suppresses behavioral aspects of the identity that could draw unwelcome attention (for example, a gay male publicly holding hands with or kissing another gay male)..." - Don't Ask, Don't Tell: Rising law-prof star's book analyzes the ways we pass—and throws in a cri de coeur. - How has being gay shaped your worldview? Kenji Yoshino (Video).
Lifestyles and identity maintenance among gay Japanese-American males. - Gay Love in Japanese Manga.
Ultimate "Planet Out" Guide to Queer Movies (Country: Japan).- Utopia's
Satrang & South Asian Network (2007). Giving
Visibility to the Needs of the South Asian LGBTIQ Community in Southern
California: Southern California LGBTIQ South Asian Community Needs
Assessment Report. PDF
Download. Faced with both racism and homophobia, the Lesbian, Gay,
Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex, Queer, and Questioning (LGBTIQ) South
Asians can fi nd few spaces in Southern California where they can feel
safe, healthy, and whole. Often, both LGBT and Asian/South Asian service
providers and policymakers are not aware enough of this community to
address their needs. Research about this community remains few and far
between... Despite the critical unmet needs revealed in the fi ndings,
the SA LGBTIQ community in Southern California also demonstrated both
assets and resiliency. Th is research report suggests specifi c ways for
SA LGBTIQ individuals and their allies to maximize these skills and
resources in order to empower individuals in this community and improve their safety, health and well-being.
Bisexuality in South Asian Communities (1996). - Cultural constructions of male sexualities in India (1997). - Queering Gender: Trans Liberation and Our Lesbigay Movements (Trikone Magazine. July issue. 14(3): 6-8 & 18): presents some of the problems in GLB communities such as the existence of genderqueers, the tyranny of the gender binary, transphobia and related violence / abuses, biphobia, class factors, and related transcultural issues (1999). - Out and Out Radical: New Directions for Progressive Organizing (2001).
'This isn't just a fantasy world' (2006):
A new British film depicts a young Asian lesbian whose family is so
accepting that her mum plays matchmaker. Is this anything like reality,
asks Sara Wajid. - SAMAR
(South Asian Magazine for Action and Reflection) is a magazine/website
with a South Asian focus based in the United States: Topic = Queer. - For Straights Only (2001):
"When her brother comes out to her as a homosexual, the film maker is
motivated to survey the conditions and attitudes encountered by gays
and lesbians in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the rest of Southern
Asia." - Related Information.
Queer as desi - The London diasporic queer:
Despite the rocky path still deluding the Indian queer, things have
definitely progressed. Club Kali has been providing popular South Asian
Bollywood music for the South Asian queer community in London and has
seen party-goers coming from as far as Scotland just to celebrate their
sexuality ‘with other desis’. More recently two new Clubs have come up
to provide a safe Queer space for party goers- Urban Desi and Habibi, a
testimony to the growing South Asian queer populace in London. Most
recently the South Asian queer population came out in throes at the
London Gay Pride 2010 and provided further visibility for this
The Mythology of Female Sexuality: Alternative Narratives of Belonging
(2006): Before examining the work of cultural production in the South
Asian immigrant community through two films, Fire and Junky Punky
Girlz, and the mythological text of the Ramayana, I would like briefly
to discuss the generational character of South Asian immigration. In
Desis in the House, Sunaina Maira writes of the differences South Asian
parents and children have about culture (Maira 2002). While parents
have a fossilized sense of ‘Indian culture’, their children note the
dynamism of cultural change in their visits to India. Maira writes that
South Asian youth hold ‘situational identities’, by which she means
that there is a strict compartmentalization of ‘Indian’ and ‘American’
identities (87). In Junky Punky Girlz, a young Indian woman works
actively against this strict compartmentalization. Instead of feeling
tension and guilt about straddling the two different worlds, being in a
queer identity formation with her American friends and being South
Asian, Anita tries to bring her worlds closer together through the
process of getting a nose ring. I willdiscuss Junky Punky Girlz further at the end of this article.
Like Ganesha? Show hard N/A (2005):
"Traditional attitudes are also in play in Toronto's South Asian
community, though tempered by Canadian realities. Haran Vijayanathan,
26, came out to his mother only after he'd completed his undergraduate
degree. "It was important to my mother because she was a single
parent," he says. He felt he owed it to her to wait, since her divorce
violates a major taboo in the Tamil culture, and having a son who's gay
makes it a "double whammy." But the freedom of movement his mother
experienced after her divorce helps her to understand his own need to
slip the bonds of tradition. "She said, 'I was forced to do things in
my life, so I want you guys to do what makes you happy.'" Some uncles
and older cousins are clearly uncomfortable with his revelation;
cordial but now distant, especially physically. Then again, South Asian
queers can find the same reaction in Toronto's gay bars and bathhouses.
"There's not just racism of white folks toward brown folks but also
internal racism, like romanticizing the idea of having a white
boyfriend or a black boyfriend," says Vijayanathan of Dosti.ca, a
support group for South Asian men who have sex with men. "It's quite
rare that you find someone looking for another South Asian." "
Popcorn: An Interview with Nisha Ganatra (2001): "Nisha Ganatra is the director,
co-writer and star of Chutney Popcorn, a touching new comedy about the
shifting relationships in an Indian-American family.... Being American
enough to not feel at home in the country your parents came from, but ethnic
enough to not fit in in America or be considered "American". It's a really
specific but universal feeling and it contributes to feeling invisible
in American society... We still live in a very homophobic society so I
can't imagine a gay person's parent not going through this emotion..."
- Touch of Pink (2004):
"A Canadian south Asian man - who has Cary Grant's spirit talking to
him -living in London tries to convince his visiting mother that the
man living with him is just his roommate... The gay director and
screenwriter, born in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and raised in Canada,
has little to worry about. Reactions to “Touch of Pink” have been very
positive. After the 92-minute romantic comedy made its debut at the
Sundance Film Festival, Rashid received scores of offers from other
film companies to write and direct more films in this genre." - A Conversation with Touch of Pink's Ian Iqbal Rashid, Jimi Mistry, and Kyle McLachlan (2005). - Pride and Prejudice: Ismaili Muslim Community Touched Pink (2004).
Gopinath G (1998) (Curriculum Vitae). Queer
diasporas: Gender, sexuality and migration in contemporary South Asian
literature and cultural production (Ismat Chughtai, Shyam Selvadurai,
Shani Mootoo, India), PhD Dissertation, Columbia University: "Queer
Diasporas examines the literatures and popular cultural forms produced
by South Asians in migrancy in various diasporic sites: Canada,
Britain, the United States, the Caribbean, and South Asia. Taking the
South Asian diaspora as a paradigmatic site of transnational cultural
production, the dissertation demands that we locate the formation of
racial, sexual, and gender subjectivities both across multiple national
sites as well as in specific localities..."
student organizing gay South Asian film fest (2004): In a
culture where arranged marriages rule and societal and familial pressure
to conform to the norm is rampant, lesbians and gays experience the
extra burden of having to hide their sexuality. How does one negotiate
one's social life around a culture where dating is not prevalent? Parmesh
Shahani, a graduate student in comparative media studies at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who is gay, has some responses. - 'Between the Lines' (2004)
explores South Asian LGBT identity: "Organizing big projects is nothing
new for Parmesh Shahani. Before he left his native Bombay, Shahani
worked in the media--writing for Elle magazine, helping get cricket
onto Sony Television, and launching an online magazine for disaffected
teenagers. His latest challenge: organizing, producing and publicizing
MIT's first lesbian- and gay-themed South Asian film festival..." - Between The Lines: The Films (2004). - Film Fest Speakers (2004). - Sholay Productions Heats Up the Gay South Asian Scene (2007, PDF Download):
"Anuja Madar visits one of Sholay productions' monthly parties in
Manhattan and speaks with the crew responsible for New York's
successful gay South Asian parties... The company promotes Bollywood to
the gay South Asian masses, so it should be no surprise that it got its
name from one of the most popular Hindi films of the 70s, Sholay, which
means flame or fire. The film's two male protagonists are depicted as
close friends, but those in the gay community see something more in
their relationship. "They sing songs to each other, and the words are
those that you would sing to your lover," says Rajesh, 35. The name,
Rai says, is also representative of their audience, particularly drag
queens, who have grown up idolizing Bollywood films and their stars..."
- Indian Actress in American Lesbian Film - Post Bollywood Controversy! (2007) - Constructing-Contesting Masculinities: Trends in South Asian Cinema.
Alliance for South Asian AIDS Prevention
(Toronto): "The Alliance for South Asian AIDS Prevention is a
community-based, non-profit, charitable organization committed to
providing health promotion, support, education and advocacy in a
non-discriminatory manner for those who identify as South Asian living
with and affected by HIV/AIDS." - Desh's
mid-life crisis Community / Popular fest looks to its roots as success,
sparks criticism (1999):
Toronto's South Asian Queer Community... "Nelson Carvello, a founding
member of Khush (Toronto's South Asian queer boys club) and one of the
original organizers of Desh Pardesh, says: "The first years of Desh
were very political, creative, exciting and scary all at the same
time!" In 1986, the Khush boys, with the help of the Gay Asians
Toronto, organised an event called Salaam Toronto (Desh's predecessor)
at the 519 Church Street Community Centre. "We wanted to expose our
families to our realities as queer South Asians," says Carvello. "And
at the same time we also wanted to expose the white gay and lesbian
community to our lives in more than a tokenistic fashion. There was so
much creativity and we had a lot of fun, but the vision was always
about outreach - outward and inward."
Kapadia R (2005). We're not gay; we're just foreign!: Desi Drags, Disidentifications and Activist Film in New York. Comparative Cultural Studies, Spring (PDF Download):
"This piece considers a moment of South Asian queer cultural production
in the diaspora, specifically the activist film “Julpari” made in New
York City. The documentary, produced for the South Asian Lesbian and
Gay Association (SALGA) by Khuragai Productions, follows a group of
South Asian urban immigrant male drag queens as they build community,
practice drag and complicate what it means to be an immigrant and queer
in New York City..." - A
Rainbow from the East: A National Qualitative Study Assessing the
Perspectives and Needs of South Asian Queer People on College Campuses (2008). - Queer Blogging in Indian Digital Diasporas: A Dialogic Encounter (2008).
Dossier 18: The All-American Queer Pakistani Girl: The dilemma of being between cultures (1997): My mother had just validated all my fears associated with Pakistan and I cut off all ties with the community, including my family. Pakistan became synonymous to homophobia. My mother disowned me when I didn't heed her advice. But a year later when Robin and I broke up, she came back into my life. Wishful thinking on her part. Though I do have to give her credit, not only for nurturing the strength in me to live by my convictions with integrity and honesty, but for eventually trying to understand me... The conflict I'm experiencing seems relatively simple to me - I don't know how not to be out anymore, and if I went back to Pakistan to find that my grandmother is indeed alive and well and still wondering why I don't have a husband, I'll tell her politely, "I'm not interested in marrying a man, but I am looking for a wife. Know any good women?" (Source: --- This is an excerpt from an essay which will be published in Generation Q: Inheriting Stonewall, a collection of essays being published next fall by Alyson Publications).
Live and Let Love -Sometimes the Making of a Story
"Many years later when I chose to do the story it was because of a
couple of conversations that I had with two gay men. One told me that
the suicide rate and depression had catapulted to alarming proportions
among south Asian gays and also that the number of south Asians coming
out was increasing at a high rate. At that time I was freelancing for
the largest south Asian publication in the south east, among others. I
decided that since this was an issue that must be brought to light a
South Asian publication would be an ideal vehicle. Initially the
publishers were very hesitant... Finally after weeks of going back and
forth they agreed to publish the piece. Then came the reactions. One of
my brothers, a total homophobe was aghast. “Why are you doing this? ...
When they were told, after the initial shock Navarun was even told to
get married and continue to see his boyfriend on the side. Navarun
refused. Vismita went on to make an award winning documentary called”
For straights only”. At that time she said to me, "There is not even a
respectful Indian word to describe homosexuality in India and I would
feel very anguished at the thought that all those people who love my
brother and look up to him are just going to be disrespectful once they
found out he was gay. You have jokes about this terrible portrayal of
people who are gay and insinuations that are perverse, especially in
Hindi movies... As I heard story after story, there were days I
would put my head on my writing table and weep tears of anger and
frustration. It was hard to accept the fact that someone’s sexual
orientation could become the sum of their personality and the freedom I
took for granted could be denied to someone, based on what they did in
the privacy of their bedroom...Finally after 3 months of research,
incessant interviews(I was ambushed by almost 500 emails daily from all
over the world during those months from people wanting to share their
stories) I finally sent the story out. A couple of days before the
story was to go to the press the magazine dropped it. I was told that
if I left out the bisexuals and transgender people they would carry the
story. Their reasoning- bisexuals were the horribly promiscuous people
who made a grab for both sexes and no one really talked about
transgender people... Today 3 years later, I don’t see much change.
Also while Canada legalized same sex marriages thanks to the initiative
taken by Ujjal Dosanjh the Canadian Health minister, who I know
personally and admire tremendously, the condemnation he faced from the
Sikh community big wigs for being a part of that historic decision,
when he went to India was devastating..."
Rungh Magazine, 3(3) - Queering the Diaspora (2006):
How Do You Say ‘Queer’ in ‘South Asian’?: Editorial by Ian Iqbal
Rashid, Guest Editor. - Notes on a Queer South Asian Planet: Gayatrai
Gopinath on Queer Transnational Cultures. - Queer Screen... Desi Dykes:
Pratibha Parmar’s Filmi Fantasies. - Destiny Desire Devotion: Atif
Ghani reviews Zahid Dar’s first film. - Artist Run Centre... Interrupt:
Alistair Raphael’s haunting postcard image. - Barbie (and Annie) Go
South Asian... Barbie’s New Home: Barbie thinks she smells curry.
Image/text piece by Adrienne Vasanti Salgado and Ian Iqbal Rashid. -
Oriental Mistress, Plastic Passions: Digital Collage by Anita Kaushik.
- Tantrik Droplets: Looking for South Asian lipstick lesbians, Sonali
Fernando finds Annie Sprinkle instead. - Memory and Mourning... Her
Sweetness Lingers: Ian Iqbal Rashid reviews Shani Mootoo’s sexy,
evocative new video. - ‘Funny’ Boys and Girls... A Stranger’s View:
Kathleen Pirrie Adams on Tanya Syed’s Queerness. - Corporealities of
Desire: Smaro Kamboureli examines the poignant, painful worlds of Shyam
Selvadurai’s Funny Boy. - New Indian Queer Cinema: Onir’s I Am (2011).
Mehrotra G, Munshi S (2011). Shifting the Frame: Addressing Domestic Violence in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer South Asian Communities. Manavi Occasional Paper No. 7. PDF
Download. However, from experiences of service providers, domestic
violence advocates, activists, and community members, we know that
domestic violence is an issue within all LGBTQ communities, including
amongst queer South Asians. Many of the same factors and dynamics that
impact experiences of domestic violence within heterosexual
relationships in the South Asian community also affect LGBTQ South
Asians. In addition, the larger context of multiple and particular
oppressions such as homophobia, heterosexism, genderism, and transphobia
impact both what the abuse looks like and the barriers and challenges
that LGBTQ South Asians may face in seeking safety, support, and/or
services... The larger social context of homophobia, heterosexism, and
transphobia mean that South Asian LGBTQ people often have to fight for
the legitimacy of our relationships and identities. Further, since these
identities and relationships can be viewed as inherently abnormal or
wrong, it can be particularly difficult to acknowledge that violence may
be occurring within these relationships.
Resource Links: - SALGA-NY's Resources: Internet Publications for: Australia - India - Nepal - Pakistan - South Africa - United Kingdom - Canada - Malaysia - New Zealand - Singapore - Sri Lanka - United States (Home Page). - The Khush page: Organizations - Literature - Cinema - Who's Who - News - Links. - Trikone LGBT Resources and Links . - Gaysia: This site is for gay asian men from the Indian subcontinent, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan, resident in The United Kingdom and their friends. - Gaysia Articles on Gay Life. - South Asian Lesbian And Gay Association of New York: SALGA-NY is a social and political group for lesbians, gay men, bisexual and transgender people who trace their descent from countries such as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Tibet as well as people of South Asian descent from countries such as Guyana, Trinidad and Kenya. - The Alliance for South Asian AIDS Prevention (ASAP). - Samalinga: South Asian Resources. - Khush DC Resources.
San Francisco. - Trikone Magazine. - The
Khush Page: For and about gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered South Asians. - For and about gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered S. Asians Organizations: Literature - Cinema - Who's Who - News...Links. - Queer People and Allies of South Asian Descent. - Trikone Northwest. - Satrang: a social, cultural and support organization providing a safe
space to empower and advocate for the rights of the South Asian LGBTIQQ
(Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, Intersex, Queer and Questioning)
community in Southern California through education, networking, and
outreach.- Khush DC Newsletter. - Queer People and Allies of South Asian Descent.
Chicago's South Asian/ Middle Eastern Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Women's Organization (2009). - Sri Lankan Gay Friends (2008). - Chicago's Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Organization and Support Group for the people from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Afghanistan, Iran, Burma, and rest of the South Asian countries (2007). - Books, films, and more: The (future) Trikone Northwest Library (2007). - Dar Newsletter (2002).
Trikone-Tejas (2004): a pan Asian queer-straight alliance at University of Texas, Austin: "We are committed to ending racism and gender-based prejudice (sexism, homophobia, biphobia and transphobia) on campus with a focus on our diverse Asian-origin communities here."
dosti.ca: website for gay, bisexual and transgender South Asians (Toronto). - Leather and Desi. - Sex Without Regret! - Resource Links. - “Brown Like Me” is a short documentary brought to you by the Alliance for South Asian AIDS Prevention (ASAAP)’s Queer South Asian Youth (Q-SAY) project. This short film captures the experiences of 6 queer-identified South Asian youth living in the Greater Toronto Area who speak candidly about identity labels, homophobia, “coming out,” pride, resiliency, and family.- South Asian support group returns after hiatus: A support and social group for South Asian gay, bisexual and trans men is back up and running again after a long hiatus. Dosti, which means “friendship” in Hindi, was only minimally functional for the past several years.- Queeristan: Desi Queered by Queer Desis - A blog for the South Asian LGBT community. - Resisting the Spectacle of Pride: Queer Indian Bloggers as Interpretive Communities (2010).
South Asian American Studies A Working Bibliography 1975-1994. - Bibliography on Homosexuality in the Indian-American Community. - glbtq: South Asian Literatures. - Bibliography on South Asian Americans, 1988-1998. - Literature of South Asia and the Indian diaspora. - Bibliography of Materials on South Asian Gay, Lesbian Concerns. - Bibliographies and Other Resources: Gender and Sexuality (South Asia). - Books, films, and more: the trikone-northwest library (2004).
Impossible Desires: Queer Diasporas and South Asian Public Cultures - 2005 - by Gayatri Gopinath (Review) (Amazon) (Review). - Correlates of high-risk sexual behaviour among Canadian men of South Asian and European origin who have sex with men. - Harm reduction among south Asian men who have sex with men at Toronto bathhouses.
'Homosexualities' In India / South Asia:
Excerpts from - Khan, Shivananda (2001). Culture, sexualities, and
identities: men who have sex with men in India.
Journal of Homosexuality,
40(3/4), 99-115 (Full Text). - Asthana S, and Oostvogels R (2001). The social construction
of male 'homosexuality' in India: implications for HIV transmission and
Social Science & Medicine, 52: 707-21 (Abstract).
Saigon to San Francisco: Two Journeys (2001): "Tony came to the U.S. from
Vietnam when he was 17 and eventually settled with his family in San Jose.
When he was 22, his older brother discovered that he was gay and told him
to leave the home they shared... "Shame is used in Asian and Pacific Islander
cultures to remind individuals of their obligation to their families and
their communities. Saving face means acting in ways that support family
and social values and structures"... When he was 17, Lam realized that
he was attracted to men. "I was completely scared, so scared. In Vietnam
it was really bad. If you acted gay or like a woman they teased you. It
was really painful." In school the word "gay" wasn't known. Instead the
French word "pede" was used derogatorily for men who looked or acted feminine."
radio show shines a light on gay issues (2003).
2006 GSBA, Richard Rolfs & Brandon F. Newton Law Scholars (2007):
Amanda Nguyen (Olympia): a first generation Vietnamese American, is
pursuing a degree in media studies and nonprofit work at the Evergreen
State College. Amanda sees media production as a powerful means for
creating social change. She is working on a short documentary about the
cultural experience/identity of a bisexual Vietnamese-American woman.
Vietnamese Study Internet resource Center: "Lam, B.T. 1994. Psychosocial Adjustment and Coping Strategies Among Vietnamese American Gay Men. MSW Thesis, California State University, Long Beach." (Adjunct Faculty at CUSSW - to 2004 - Californation State University, 2011) - HIV Prevention Evaluation Initiative: "We found that issues with gay Vietnamese men were surfacing, and so to determine if they had specific needs, we planned to do separate focus groups with them and compare responses with general gay Asian men. But because of our resources, we found that we did not have the capacity to conduct these focus groups and to carry out a specific program." - What Are Asian and Pacifc Islander HIV Prevention Needs? (2004) - Asian and Pacific Islander American HIV community-based organizations: a nationwide survey (1998). - Stigmatization, HIV/AIDS, and communities of color: exploring response to human service facilities (1997). - Social Supports Among Vietnamese American Gay Men (1998).
Vietnamese Literature: HIV (PDF
Download) - Vietnamese
Literature: HIV and Vietnamese I (PDF
Page). - Vietnamese Literature: HIV and Vietnamese II (PDF
Download). - AIDS
Puts Vietnamese Community, Too, at Risk Health (1993): Study says disease
seems to be spreading among male homosexuals, indicating culture isn't
enough to protect the population. - Emergence
of Queer Vietnamese America (2003). - Negotiating
multiple identities in a queer Vietnamese support group (2003). - HIV/STD
GLBT Vietnamese-Americans: Building a Conceptual Framework to Examine Minority Help-Seeking Behavior (2010). - Sexual identity and depression among Vietnamese-American gay and bisexual men (2010, Full Text).
Alex Hoa: - AIDS
Puts Vietnamese Community, Too, at Risk Health: Study says disease
seems to be spreading among male homosexuals, indicating culture isn't
enough to protect the population (1993): "Alex Hoa, the HIV/AIDS coordinator of the Gay Asian Pacific Support
Network, said that Vietnamese gays have been late to organize and that
many are still afraid to disclose their sexual orientation. As a
result, he said, "we don't have an Asian face attached to AIDS." - Alex Hoa
(Updated Apr, 2002): After attending GAPSN Lunar Celebration in 1992,
Alex Hoa had the pleasure and the privilege to serve on the board as
social chair. Until 1996, he had hold various board positions and
worked in different committees. He was a recipient for 1995 GAPSN Angel
Award. He is continuously proud to call GAPSN his first home, his first
family. - Things
Are Gradually Improving for Vietnamese American Gays
(2002) "Diem, the weekly entertainment magazine, publishes ads for
social and health services at the Orange County Gay and Lesbian Center.
It also printed a full-page notice for Cafe Tinh Trai, a support group
for Vietnamese gays that meets each Sunday and is sponsored by the
Asian Pacific Aids Intervention Team. Mimi News, a bilingual monthly,
profiled Sabrina, a popular Vietnamese transsexual, in its March issue
while Hop Luu, a literary journal, recently published a poem by Le
Nghia Quang Tuan, celebrating sexual intimacy between two men. More and
more, ethnic radio and television debate gay issues in talk shows. "The
general perception is that it's no longer a silent taboo, that
homosexuality is not a physiological disease," said Hoa, in his 40s. "I
believe the public has recognized my peers, that we are part of the
Vietnamese Diaspora. As for their acceptance, it's only a partial
embrace. The initial moral judgment persists." And so do the myths, he
adds, that gay Viets are "artistically inclined," doing well only in
"beauty-oriented businesses." ... - APAIT Pulse (The newsletter of the Asian Pacific AIDS Intervention Team, 2003, PDF Download):
In the Orange County office, Alex Hoa joins us as the OC Men’s Program
Coordinator. Until this time he has been the facilitator for the Tinh
Trai Vietnamese men’s group. - Pre Pride Party (2006): Performances by famous cai luong cross-gender actor Jayvee Mai The Hiep and queer activist Alex Hoa!
Le Cannibale N/A (A Poem by Alex Hoa in DOI DIEN (face to face) MAGAZINE,
probably the first Vietnamese publication featuring gay/lesbian writers
prominently. Here are the few pages from the 3 issues of DOI
DIEN, from various writers and a very beautiful layout of our models.).
Child of 10% (Poem) (Alternate Link). Alex Hoa's poem is related to suicide. Alex Hoa "knew he was gay at 6 years old, said it was easier for him to come out to the gay community than it was to tell other Vietnamese. Eight years ago, when he did tell his mother, it took another year before Hoa told her he sometimes dressed as a woman. Though he has found acceptance in the Vietnamese gay community here, it is much harder for those in Vietnam. Gay Vietnamese men lead double lives - a wife and kids, and a boyfriend on the side, Hoa said. (Viet students probe cultural gap N/A by Binh Ha Hong, The Orange County Register , May 7, 2000) - Laguna Beach Beating Opens Closed Asian Door: "Homosexuality: A Growing Orange County Group is Trying to Overcome the Gay Taboo in Vietnamese-American Families... Pham, who is not gay, said he started the group after his gay brother, a Catholic who could not accept his sexuality, committed suicide at age 28, and after his Vietnamese girlfriend came out as lesbian."
and I (by Toan Nguyen, 2001, PDF
Download, Must Scroll): "Also at this time I had fallen in love with
my English teacher. I was so happy and tought I had finally found the freedom
to love and the man of my life. But just a year later, one week before
he was to leave New York, my friend said good-bye to me. My world shattered.
I was in aa strange land and homesick. The man that I loved so deeply and
passionately just walked out on me. It hurt so much that I entered a severe
depression that I though I would never escape. I stayed in bed for days
without eating or drinking and lost so much weight. I wanted to die."
Nguyen Tan Hoang (Wikipedia) (Home Page):
a gay Vietnamese American video artist and academic. Nguyen's own
research interests include Asian American masculinity in gay male video
porn and Hollywood and international cinemas. - Nguyen Tan Hoang: Pirating the Popular Culture (2006):
Video artist Nguyen Tan Hoang spoke and showed eight of his
experimental short films at Vassar yesterday. His works are ranging
from four to eighteen minutes addressing various topics such as gay
Asian American, Vietnamese pop cultures, and sex stereotype of Asian
male in mainstream America media. Hoang received his Studio Art’s MFA
at the UC Irvine, and is working on his PhD in Rhetoric/Film Studies at
UC Berkeley... The video starts off with clips of fleeing boat people
then progresses into homosexual pirates. Even though the piece relates
to the Vietnamese people, he hesitates to show it to them because he
concerns about the homosexual context..."- Pirated:
Using a nonlinear "pirated television" editing technique the filmmaker
recounts his escape from Vietnam as a child complete with capture by
pirates and rescue by West German sailors and reveals the impact events
played in developing his sexual identity. A film by Nguyen Tan Hoang.
2000. 11 min. - Short Bio:
"His critical essay, "The Resurrection of Brandon Lee: The Making of a
Gay Asian American Porn Star," will appear in the anthology Porn Studies (Linda Williams, Editor), from Duke University Press in 2004." Google Books. - Some information about Brandon Lee: 1, 2, 3. - A
view from the bottom: Asian American masculinity and sexual
representation (2008). PhD Dissertation, University of California,
Berkeley. Abstract. Full
text. Related 2006 Conference Presentation.
- Nguyen, Hoang Tan (2006). Reflections on an Asian Bottom: Gay Asian
American Masculinity and Sexual Representation. Paper presented at the
annual meeting of the American Studies Association, Oct 12, 2006. Abstract. - Colloquium "Bottomhood is Powerful: Asian American Sexual Positionings", November 1st  at University of Pittsburgh.
Bryn Mawr Prof Discusses Queer Asian-American Sexuality
(2008): A few dozen students attended Nguyen Tan Hoang’s lecture and
multimedia presentation exploring the intersection of visual culture
and queer male Asian American identity on Wednesday evening. His films
all explore what he called "my own sense of perverse identification
with pop cultural texts which I invest with my own queer and of color
desires."... After screening all the films, Hoang stayed to talk with
students about the new media landscape for queer film in the age of the
Internet. He said that there is "still very little work that addresses
Asian-American queer men" and worried that "queer film is now becoming
corporatized... there’s no place for experimental work," but stated
that he wanted to think more about the Internet’s possibilities in the
Danny Thanh Nguyen:
"Danny Thanh Nguyen is a co-creator of the literary-trash character DJ
Berkley: The Worst Spoken Word Artist In The World. His writing has
recently appeared in Salt Hill, Lodestar Quarterly, and Transfer, among
other journals and magazines. His essay "Something for the Ladies" is forthcoming in the anthology The Full Spectrum
(Knopf, 2006), which benefits the organization GLSEN. Danny lives in
San Francisco and is a member of the Vietnamese Artist Collective. ("I Do" for Queer Love, 2006).
- "Danny is one of six new MFA candidates in fiction to begin in the
fall of 2006 at Indiana University. He is currently working on a
collection of essays and short stories entitled Engrish Lessons." (queerthology).
Dust and Conscience -
2002 - by Truong Tran (Wikipedia) (Bio & Poems, 2004) (Review): " These prose poems capture the experience of a
young gay Vietnamese-American poet caught between conflicting cultures."- Within the Margins (2004): Poetry. Asian-American Studies. Vietnamese-American Studies.
Gay/Lesbian Studies. This book explores identity within the space and
concept of marginality. Tran's publications include The Book of
Perceptions (1999), Placing the Accents (1999), and Dust and
Conscience, which won the Poetry Center Book Award for 2002.About
the author: Truong Tran is a poet and visual artist. Truong lives in San Francisco where
he is currently teaching poetry at SFSU and Mills College (2004).
La Petite Salon: Not Just Another Day at the Salon
(2010): It’s not everyday you get to be cast as a lead in a movie.
While the Hollywood industry is struggling to intermix more
Asian-Americans into the media, I had the privilege and opportunity to
work as a lead on La Petite Salon in the Bay Area... In the
film, I play Quynh, a queer adolescent girl who loves modern dance but
struggles with her mother’s rigid expectations to succeed as a doctor.
Her tale unfolds in her mother’s salon as you see her interact with her
mother, girlfriend, as well as the other customers.
'The Fashion Project' Vietnamese American Contestant Makes Charity Fashionable (2010): Designer Calvin Tran made helping children in Vietnam who need open heart surgery fashionable and now he hopes to win “The Fashion Project” to help another charity. - Chicago Pride Interview (2010): Calvin Tran the controversial new designer on Bravo's The Fashion Show owns three stores in Chicago, New York and LA. He sat down for a quick minute to catch up with old friend Jerry Nunn.
Trieu Le (Trusive): Gay Vietnamese American Independent Flmmaker, TV Host / Personality and Actor. YouTube. - About Trusive: Firstly, I am mixed French and Vietnamese (Eurasian). Secondly, I am an independent filmmaker, photo shoot creative director and songwriter. Although I enjoy being a photo model every now and then to update my professional portfolio, I mainly utilize Model Mayhem for castings in upcoming Trusive independent films, photo shoots and music videos.
New TV crime series enters gay territory: (2004, Alternate Link)
"A novel about the lives of gay men set in Viet Nam that has taken
readers by surprise has now been made into a TV series. Mot The Gioi
Khong Co Dan Ba (A World Without Women) by former crime journalist Bui
Anh Tan, which won first prize in the For The Nation’s Peace and
Security writing competition 2002, is being presented in a 10-episode
format, as part of the Viet Nam Television’s Crime Police series..."
Dynamic Issues in Mulitple Identities of Vietnamese Amrican in Race, Gender and Sexuality (2008):
My multimedia website Dynamic Issues in Multiple Identities of
Vietnamese Americans in Race, Gender, and Sexuality allows me to think
about different ways that a website can be used to discuss the
complexity of queer Vietnamese American identities. This includes
lesbian, bisexual women, transgendered, and queer (LGBTQ) of
multi-generational Vietnamese Americans and adoptee Vietnamese
Americans, Chinese Vietnamese Americans, Vietnamese Amerasians, and
other mixed-heritage Vietnamese in greater Seattle. As a "straight"
woman of color, I do not claim this website to be representative of all
queer Vietnamese Americans. Instead, it enables the exploration how
queer Vietnamese Americans deal with specific homophobic issues in the
Vietnamese American community in greater Seattle as well as racial
discrimination in mainstream society.
Gay Vietnamese Alliance: News. - Gay Vietnamese Alliance: Links. - Gay Vietnamese Alliance Blog.
Dual identity among gay Asian Pacific Islander men (2008). - Cross-National Identity Transformation: Becoming a Gay ‘Asian-American’ Man (2010). - Integration of culture, religion and sexuality: A study of Caucasian and Asian gay men N/A (2009). - Piecing
Together My Racial Identity (2001). -- Gay
and Asian? Encouraging Media and Community to Embrace Both (2005). - Dual
Identities N/A: The complexities of being Asian and Queer in Canada.
Gay Asian American Male: Striving to Find an Identity. - Liberation
from Silence: A Response to Queer Asian American Suffering N/A. - Asian
Gays and Lesbians: "Politicizing our Identity N/A." - Asian
/ Gay: Arthur Hu's Index of Diversity. -
under: Not having to explain chopsticks (2001). - The
Queer Asian/Pacific Islander Community Gets Proud (2003). - Gay Activism in Asian and Asian-American Churches (2004). - Westernized Asians deny their Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual/Transgender Heritage (2004).
Bhattar RG, Victoria NA (2007). Rainbow Rice: A Dialogue between Two Asian American Gay Men in Higher Education and Student Affairs. The Vermont Connection, 28: 39-50. PDF
Though we are both Asian American and gay, our surroundings rarely
allow these identities to coexist. This narrative presents a dialogue
between two Asian American gay men and chronicles our identity
development. As we explore the contradictions related to being both gay
in Asian American society and Asian American in the predominantly
White, gay society, we describe the aspects of our educational
experiences that promote successful integration of our identities. We
provide information to the higher education and student affairs
administration community in the hopes of creating a healthier
environment for Asian American gay men. First, we comment on the taboo
status of homosexuality in most Asian cultures and its perception that
homosexuality is a component of White, not Asian, culture.
Specifically, we comment on how the religious roots of our cultures
have hindered our coming out processes. Next, we explore the
discrimination we experience due to the predominantly White
representation of gay culture in the United States, focusing on the
difficulties created by a lack of visible role models and the absence
of an environment celebrating our identities. Finally, we reflect upon
our graduate experiences in the Higher Education and Student Affairs
Administration (HESA) program at the University of Vermont (UVM). It
has provided a framework for integrating these disparate identities,
resulting in this narrative...
Unfair and Unbalanced Reporting (2004). - Asian American on the same-sex marriage debate (2006). - Increasing Awareness of Family, Immigration & Marriage Equality: Asian-Pacific Islander Press Expands LGBT Coverage (2006). - Transgendered Asian American Perspectives on Same-Sex Marriage (2010).
Gay? No Way (2001): So there are no Asian gay men or women. None. It doesn't happen in our community. It's a western ill. And if perchance you're gay then you're sick, were dropped at birth or to take the more 'liberal' stance - you were abused as a child - and that's the only reason you 'turned out' gay. Shocking ? Well you needn't look far to hear these kinds of views. In fact no further than your own doorstep. Perceptions of homosexuality within our community remain as old-fashioned as some of the decor in our homes. And yet there are probably as many gay men and women in our homeland as there are in the western world..." - Asian Homophobia Overrated (2002). (Alternate Link) - Race, Sexuality Make for a Two-Pronged Fork: Asian-American gays face dual problems: A Gay, Filipino-American Perspective (2001). - Asian Pacific American Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender People: A Community Portrait (2005). A Report From New York's Queer Asian Pacific Legacy Conference, 2004.
Asian Stereotypes (1998): On rice queens, potato queens, sticky rice,
mashed potatoes and other queens. - Talking
about Prejudice: "So, for instance, while we are acquainted with such
terms as “rice queens” (Caucasians who like Asians) or “potato queens”
(Asians who like Caucasians), and film maker Tony Ayres tells what it's
like to be a “banana” (yellow on the outside and white on the inside),
there is no attempt to explain why desire and racial and sexual stereotyping
are connected." - Some
Queens (1990). - The
Truth About Gay Asian Men (2001). - What,
then, are some of the special issues facing LGBT Asian Americans? (2004) -
in Between: Queer Asians in time and space (2001). - The
Gay Asian American Male: Striving to Find an Identity (2001). - Gay
Asian Male History (2000).
Supplementing normalcy and otherness: Queer Asian American men reflect on stereotypes, identity, and oppression
(2009, Full Text Avalable): In the remainder of this paper, I examine
how Bobby,Michael, and Paul discussed their experiences with seven
diOEerent forms of oppression while growing up in the United States.
Focusing on race, sexual orientation, and gender, I begin by looking at
their experiences with what I call "discrete" forms of oppression, and
suggest that certain identities - namely, White American, heterosexual,
and "masculine" - were often privileged in society by being de® ned
as "normal," while others were marginalized by, in some way, being
Othered. These processes pointed to the racial, gendered, and sexual
hierarchies that characterized oppression within and by mainstream
society. Turning to their experiences with what I call "intersected"
forms of oppression, I describe how two of the intersected forms
consisted of a coupling of these hierarchies, and pointed to ways in
which my participants were "doubly oppressed" within and by mainstream
society, meaning that they faced two of the discrete forms of
oppression simultaneously. However, I also describe how, for at least
Michael, two of the intersected forms of oppression re¯ ected a
partial inversion of these hierarchies ; these were the unique forms of
oppression which Michael experienced, not in mainstream society, but in
his Asian American and queer communities..
Primal Glances: Race and Psychoanalysis in Lonny Kaneko's "The Shoyu Kid" (1994): "In noting the persistent conflation of "Asian and anus" in North American gay male video pornography, Richard Fung describes equally well the general position in which mainstream society has placed the Asian American male, gay or straight (153). In his extensive writings on the crises of Asian American masculinity..." - (Re)sexualizing the Desexualized Asian Male in the Works of Ken Chu and Michael Joo (1998). - Querying Postcolonial and U.S. Ethnic Queer Theory (2004, by Frederick Luis Aldama): "So while in Racial Castration David Eng aims to demonstrate how the West discursively constructs itself as hypermasculine and the East as hyperfeminine (where the "Asian and anus are one", for example), he aims also to give shape to those "disavowed social identities and differences" (224)--the diasporic sexual/racial Asian subject--that will in turn destabilize an old-guard, homophobic and male-biased Asian American nationalism. For Eng, the first step toward transformation of "the conditions under which we claim our identities and communities" (28) is the acknowledgment of a queer imaginary and psyche within Asian America..."- Images of Asian males: "The emasculation of the Asian bachelor society in America was created. Evidently, the images of Asian men as unmanly, more feminine, and asexual spread thoughout. Asian women took on the roles of the Lotus Blossom Baby-passive, subservient, exotic, and sexually availble and the Dragonlady-prostitutes, devious madames. These images later became the stereotypical roles of Asian American gay men." Social Misconceptions About Gay Asian Americans: The China Doll Syndrome. (2002, Alternate Link) - Racial Castration: Managing Masculinity in Asian America - 2001 - by David L. Eng (Review Comments) (Abstract) (The Author). - A view from the bottom: Asian American masculinity and sexual representation (2008). PhD Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley. Abstract. Full text. Related 2006 Conference Presentation.
Fung, Richard (1991). Looking for my Penis. In: Bad Object-choices (Eds). How Do I Look? Queer Film & Video, 145-168. Seattle: Bay Press. Full
Text. "If I understand your question correctly, you are asking about the
prognosis for new and different representations within commercial porn.
And I don't think that prognosis is very good: changes will probably
happen very slowly. At the same time, I think that pornography is an
especially important site of struggle precisely for those Asians who
are, as you say, economically and socially at a disadvantage. For those
who are most isolated, whether in families or rural areas, print
pornography is often the first introduction to gay sexuality—before, for
example, the gay and lesbian press or gay Asian support groups. But
this porn provides mixed messages: it affirms gay identity articulated
almost exclusively as white. Whether we like it or not, mainstream gay
porn is more available to most gay Asian men than any independent work
you or I might produce. That is why pornography is a subject of such
concern for me."
Richard Fung is a Toronto-based video artist, writer, theorist and
educator. He holds a degree in cinema studies as well as an ME in
sociology and cultural studies, both from the University of Toronto. He
is Associate Professor in the Integrated Media program at the Ontario
College of Art and Design. His work comprises of a series of
challenging videos on subjects ranging from the role of the Asian male
in gay pornography to colonialism, immigration, racism, homophobia,
AIDS and his own family history... Richard is a public intellectual who
has pushed forward the debates about queer sexuality, Asian identity
and the uneasy borderlands of culture and politics.
A Gay World Make-Over? An Asian American Queer Critique by Martin F. Manalansan IV (2005) In: Asian American studies after critical mass edited by Kent A. Ono (Google Books). - Race, Violence, and Neoliberal Spatial Politics in the Global City (2005).
Slant\ings/: Toward Asian American queer epistemologies
(2009): This dissertation examines the ways in which Asian Americanists
might deploy queer or slanted methodologies by interpreting literary
and cultural texts that center not only on race, sex, gender, class,
and desire, but also call into question discourses of
heteronormativity. Contemporary gay and lesbian movements have been
critiqued for what Lisa Duggan has termed, "homonormativity" or
assimilation to dominant culture, and we have witnessed the recent
commodification of queerness in popular culture that depoliticizes the
term "queer" or trivializes complex forms of sexuality or desire.
Within Asian American Studies, queer scholarship has been limited to
issues of identity while simultaneously using the term "queer" as
synonymous with gay or lesbian. I argue for queer interventional
reading strategies that offer transgressive interpretations of literary
and cultural texts that center on more than Asian American queer
bodies, or mismatches between sex, gender, and sexuality. These reading
strategies focus on other forms of queerness by addressing some of
these issues from a slanted perspective in four specific areas: (1)
children's sexuality, cross-generational desire, and the bottom
position as a place of pleasure, (2) queer acts of child abandonment
and the disaffected performativity of the maternal as postcolonial
resistance, (3) transgressive readings of mental illness through
disability studies as queer madness, and (4) and the potential queer
future of Asian American Studies.
China Dolls (1998, Tony Ayres for Film Australia): "The journey towards self acceptance for gays and lesbians is difficult in any culture, but for those in a racial minority it becomes even more so.This stylish and moving portrayal of gays of Asian descent in Australia explores the relationship between race and sexuality. China Dolls probes the uncomfortable reality of racial stereotyping and discrimination in the gay world through interviews with Asian men..." China Dolls (1998): China Dolls is a stylish and moving portrayal of gay Asian-Australians and their often difficult journeys to self-acceptance. In the gay scene, the young and beautiful possess the greatest social power, but what is considered desirable is also influenced by race. From Calvin Klein ads to gay erotica, the dominant image is Caucasian. Asian men are either invisible or portrayed as soft and “feminine”. This film probes the uncomfortable reality of racial stereotyping and discrimination in the gay world through interviews with Asian men who talk frankly, and often humorously, of their experiences of living within a “double minority”. - A Voice of Their Own: Asian filmmakers get into focus at S.F. lesbian, gay film fest. - Queer films starring Asians are rather hard to come by in the U.S., but luckily we have a great selection from the films being produced in Asia. - When Sissy Boys Become Mainstream: Narrating Asian Feminized Masculinities in the Global Age (2009).
of Transgendered Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (2000). - Transgendered
people gaining acceptance in gay and lesbian community N/A (2002). - In
Her Own Image: Transgender Activist Pauline Park (2002). - Asian & Pacific Islander Transgender Empowerment (ATE): The Transgender Program. - Why
a need to study Asian transgender? Research in transgender is mostly Western.
Hybrids & Passing Dykes.
by Francis Gallego on February 2002 at University of California lesbian,
gay, bisexual and transgender youth conference:
many of us experience the worlds of asian america and gay america as
seperate spaces, emotionally, physically, and intellectually.
while i was first discovering my own identity as a 19 year old queer
male, i was also discovering what it meant to be mixed, to be filipino
and what it meant to be politicized. to be politicized as an
advocate not only for LGBTQ rights, but for HIV/AIDS education and
prevention. i first felt that being a mixed filipino american who
was gay was contradictory. coming out was impossible at that time
in my life because i was the youngest son and my role in my family,
among my friends would change. i didn't know if i wanted to take
that risk. i also felt that coming out would make me feel more
isolated and add to the isolation i felt from being both being mixed
and gay. coming out was risky and once you came out, you couldn't
take it back. i also wanted to make sure i was really, queer, really
gay. i delved into a journey of self discovery and healing,
healing from the lies that were told to me about homosexuality and how
negative being gay was and i was healing from being a survivor of
sexual violence and abuse. i eventually resolved my multiple identities
in a variety of ways. one was approaching mainstream culture as
an empowered gay man of color who was motivated to improve
discriminatory conditions that were experienced by the various
communities i belonged to...
Queer Asian and Pacific Islanders: Crossing Borders, Creating Home (2001): Last year the Asian and Pacific Islander Wellness Center (A&PIWC) produced the first ever Asian & Pacific Islander Pride Stage at San Francisco's Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Pride 2000 Celebration. The success of the stage was one indicator of how far the queer Asian and Pacific Islander (A&PI) community has come. "It put us on the map," A&PIWC's Nikki Calma (a.k.a. Tita Aida), a Filpina immigrant, says. "It said, 'You can't ignore us.' It brought our communities to the next level and put a face to our leadership." ... In the United States, gay A&PIs often experience a complex blend of circumstances. In urban settings, there's often the freedom to come out and organize. But there may also be disapproval from families and mainstream communities. Then, as people of color, there is the task of relating to and within a predominantly white mainstream LGBT culture... Different groupings of A&PI LGBT communities and their allies are making an impact and resisting the homo genizing tendency of a mainstream queer nation... A&PIs have always been a part of social justice movements. Kiyoshi Kuromiya, who died of AIDS in 2000, participated in the first protest for gay and lesbian rights in Philadelphia in July 1965...
Gay men and women in Canada's ethnic communities feel surrounded by homophobia, marginalized by gay culture* N/A. - "People of African, Native, Latin and Asian descent still endure ethnic invisibility or exploitation in many "gay" settings" N/A (New Site). - Rice Paper Issue # 9: The official publication of GACHEP: The Gay Asian Community Health Empowerment Project GACHEP is a special program of AIDS Services In Asian Communities (ASIAC) dedicated to addressing the health needs (including HIV/AIDS) of Asian & Pacific Islander gay, lesbian, and bisexual men and women through outreach, education, referral, advocacy, and community organizing (2000):: PDF Download. - Minority Stress and Psychological Distress Among Asian American Sexual Minority Persons (2010). - Examining the Relationships Between Multiple Oppressions and Asian American Sexual Minority Persons' Psychological Distress (2009).
being Asian and Gay in Straight White America (2002). - Being
Asian and being Gay (2001, Canada). - The
Power of Sexuality. - Queer
Asian American Women (2000): so many battles, so little time... challenging
evil, fighting for justice. - AsiaPacifiQueer
at International Convention of Asia Scholars, 19-22 August 2003, Singapore
for Papers). - AsiaPacifiQueer Site. - Multiple
South Asian Queer Groups in a Single City: Fragmentation and Coalition (2000).
C. Tsang: "His essay, “Gay Awareness,” published in 1975 in Bridge
Magazine, served as the first gay Asian male manifesto." - Gay
Activism in Asian and Asian-American Churches. - Race and the Politics
of LGBT Communities of Color (2002): PDF
Download, Must Scroll. - Gay
or Asian? (2004) (Related Articles: The
Problem Runs Deeper Than Details (2004) - Asian
or Just a Person Like You? (2004) - Gay or Asian? Spread Causes Minority Uproar (2004). - Details Says "Gay or Asian". We Say Gay AND Asian. (2004).
"Gay or Asian?": Racism AND Heterosexism
(2008): Thus, it's not sufficient to denounce "Gay or Asian?" for
merely presenting a feminizing view of Asian American men, because
there are distinct concerns in how attempts to reclaim one's
"masculinity" can be reduced to bigoted assertions of what constitutes
a "man." It would be inexcusable to perform "masculinity" through
violence against women or queer people--fighting racism cannot come at
the expense of ignoring sexism and homophobia. Rightfully, the driving
force against Details came from both Asian American and queer advocacy
groups, a show of unity and an understanding of the intersections of
communities, rather than the forces that would dichotomize the two.
It's a promising sign.
“Gay or Asian?” spread in Details Magazine
(2010): While the article itself interested me at the start, when I
began to notice the numerous responses to “Gay or Asian” I found a
positive thing that came from it. The Asian American community rallied
around this issue and was able to create a united front. While the
article to me is highly offensive and improper, seeing the activism
that came from it was very exciting. Historically the Asian American
community has struggled with their identity and to have the opportunity
to so forcefully speak out against this gross misrepresentation could
have sparked a new wave of interest in how Asian Americans are
portrayed in the media, who is deciding on their identity, and made
them realize the importance of taking back control of their identity.
Queer Asian Art Exhibit: - Kek Tee Lim - Gigi Otalvaro-Hormillosa - Gioi Tran - Fredeswinda Z Santos - Kelvin Ming Young - Freddie Niem - Rico Reyes - Eric Cheng - Arthur Dong. - Queer Cultural Center Artist Links.
Dang A, Hu M (2005). Asian Pacific American Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender People: A Community Portrait. A Report from New Yorks's Queer Asian Pacific Legacy Conference, 2004. National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute (PDF Download).
"This study helps to explain why the broader LGBT community must defend
immigrants’ rights and organize in languages other than English... Over
82% said that APA LGBT people experience racism within the white LGBT
community, and 96% of respondents said that homophobia and/or
transphobia was a problem in the APA community... The lives of APA LGBT
people involve a complex web of issues arising from being sexual,
racial, ethnic, language, gender, immigrant, and economic minorities...
Asian Pacific American LGBT people face vastly different forms of
discrimination attributed to gender and sexual exploitation and
objectification... There have been few attempts to collect
sociodemographic data about APA LGBT people, and even fewer attempts to
quantitatively analyze the effect of multiple minority identities on
political and civic involvement... This study is one of the first
large-scale attempts at collecting data on Asian Pacific American LGBT
communities..." - Task Force, Asians groups team up on groundbreaking report aimed at dispelling invisibility.
Sar, Michael S (2009). Out of the Killing Fields, out of the closet: A personal narrative on finding identity as a gay Cambodian-American. Master's Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach. PDF Download. Download Page. The purpose of this project was to examine, in narrative form, the writer's experiences as a homosexual Cambodian-American. The narrative will explain how the author's struggle to form an identity within each community while dealing with prejudices from both helped strengthen his character and develop the skills he will use in his career as a social worker. The technique of narrative writing was evaluated through theory and the analysis of published narratives addressing the topic of coming out, as well as struggles with various other adversities. The author's experience developing his narrative and its implications on field of social work were also discussed.
Narui, Mitsu (2010). A
Foucauldian analysis of Asian/American Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual
Students’ Process of Disclosing their Sexual Orientation and Its Impact
on Identity Construction. PhD. Dissertation, Ohio State University. PDF Download. Download Page. PDF Download.
In recent years, the number of traditional-aged Asian/American gay,
lesbian and bisexual (GLB) college students has steadily increased.
Despite this trend, this population has largely been neglected within
the research literature. As a group, Asian/American GLB students are
distinctively positioned within society, facing pressures from the
Asian/American, White, heterosexual, and GLB communities. The purpose of
this study was to better understand how and why Asian/American GLB
students disclosed their sexual orientation to others during college and
the impact of that disclosure on their construction of identity.
Methodologically, a Fouaculdian analysis (particularly situational
analysis) was conducted with the primary data sources being
semi-structured interviews; secondary sources included documents
(including blogs, Facebook posts, and personal essays), participant
observations, and fieldwork. Overall, the goal of this study was to find
out how disclosing one’s sexual orientation affected the study’s
participants’ experiences in college.
A national conference of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Asian Americans, South Asians, and Pacific Islanders
(2009): Building on past national convenings, the National Queer Asian
Pacific Islander Alliance (NQAPIA), a federation of lesbian, gay,
bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Asian American, South Asian, and
Pacific Islander (API) organizations, is planning a national activist
convening in August 2009 in Seattle, WA. We hope to acquire and expand
the aptitude, ability, and achievements of LGBT APIs, break barriers,
and connect community so that we can build the capacity of local
groups, invigorate grassroots organizing, train leaders, and challengehomophobia, racism, and anti-immigrant bias. - Hear from the QAPI 2009 National Conference Participants: Videos. - Transgress, Transform, Transcend: A national conference for QAPI (2008, Video). - Asian Pacific Islander LGBT Leaders Convene in Denver (2008).
Setting-, and Community - Level HIV Prevention Strategies for Asian / Pacific
Islanders: Data from Peer Educators at theAsian/Pacific Islander Coalition
on HIV/AIDS - PDF Download (1999). (From http://www.apiahf.org/
: Asian and Pacific Islander
Partnership for Health - Men: Top
10 Reasons why I came out to my parents. - Asian
& Pacific Islander Wellness Center: Community HIV/AIDS Services.
- What put gay men of color at risk for HIV? Is it ethnic identity? Gay identity? Or sexual sensation seeking? - Systematic
Review of HIV Behavioral Prevention Research in Asian Americans and Pacific
Islanders (2002).- HIV Transmission and Prevention in Asian and Pacific Islander Americans: Related Resources (2007). - HIV/AIDS among Asians and Pacific Islanders (CDC, 2008).
Minority Stress and Psychological Distress Among Asian American Sexual Minority Persons
(2010): The purpose of this study was to examine multiple minority
stressors (i.e., heterosexist events, racist events, heterosexism in
communities of color, racism in sexual minority communities,
race-related dating and relationship problems, internalized
heterosexism or homophobia, outness to family, and outness to world) as
they relate to the psychological distress of 144 Asian American
lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) persons.
When examined concomitantly, these minority stress variables accounted
for approximately one third of the variance in psychological distress
scores. Results indicate that heterosexism in communities of color,
race-related dating and relationship problems in the LGBTQ community,
internalized heterosexism, and outness to world were the only
significant and unique predictors of Asian American LGBTQ persons’
psychological distress. In addition, no support was found for the
moderating or mediating roles of outness in the internalized
related to gay, bi, lesbian, transgender Asian/Pacific people (To 1996). - Jackson
PA (1996): The Persistence of Gender: From Ancient Indian Pandakas
to Modern Thai Gay-Quings.
Australian Humanities Review.
Dong's award winning documentary work reflects his commitment to social
activism through media. He has received numerous accolades from both
the Asian American community and the LGBTQ community. - Arthur Dong Bio, 2010. Arthus Dong, Wikipedia. - Queer Asian Women Gain Momentum in Western Entertainment (2004).
Mango Tribe (To 2008):
"Mango Tribe is a multi-city Asian/Pacific Islander American (APIA)
interdisciplinary performance ensemble that provides space for APIA
girls, women, and genderqueer people to develop their creative voices
and skills through collaborative productions. We engage in cultural
resistance to oppression through experimental, community-based
performance and workshops. We believe that collective creation is a
powerful force for social justice." - Out, Loud, and Seen: The Asian and Pacific Islander Lesbian and Bisexual Women's Movement, Past and Present - 1972-1997.
Han C (2006). Geisha of a Different Kind: Gay Asian Men and the Gendering of Sexual Identity. Sexuality & Culture, 10(3): 3-28. - Quintiliani, Karen. (1995).
One of the girls: the social and cultural context of a
Cambodian-American "Gay" group. M.A. Dissetation. California State
University, Long Beach. "Ethnographic field study on crosscultural
homosexuality; investigates how a group of Cambodian immigrant men have
constructed a successful identity as both Cambodian and gay." - Racial and Sexual Identities of Asian American Gay Men (2007).
Asian American Literature (2009): Written
works of persons of Asian ancestry living in North America. Only since
the 1970s has Asian American literature included lesbian themes and
works by openly lesbian authors. The absence of lesbian voices in Asian
American literature is related to the historical struggle of Asian
Americans to gain literary acceptance. The appearance of Asian American
women writers and the development of Asian American feminism were
important influences on the emergence of literary work by and about
Asian American lesbians... - Landmarks in Literature by Asian American Lesbians (1993, Reference).
Ona, Fernando Frederick (2002). Of bougie babes and bangy boyz: A cultural study of suicide and other funky everyday thangs.
PhD Thesis, University of California, San Francisco, with University
of California, Berkeley. Abstract Excerpt: "The cultural experience of
suicide within American ethnic groups of color is not well understood
within the social science literature. Furthermore, few studies examine
the cultural experience of suicide among 18-26 year old Americans of
Asian/Pacific Islander descent, especially among gay, lesbian,
bisexual, transgendered or queer youth (LGBTQ). This dissertation is a
street ethnography among a group of LGBTQ, 18-26 year old, Americans of
Asian/Pacific Islander descent.... The dissertation concludes that
suicide occurs, not only in a vacuum of pathological psychiatric
disorders of the self, but also in a complex cultural arena where
disappointments and expectations, hopelessness and despair, loss and
yearning fuse within an intimate place of becoming-in-belonging within
everyday American culture."
Bryn Mawr Prof Discusses Queer Asian-American Sexuality
(2008): A few dozen students attended Nguyen Tan Hoang’s lecture and
multimedia presentation exploring the intersection of visual culture
and queer male Asian American identity on Wednesday evening. His films
all explore what he called "my own sense of perverse identification
with pop cultural texts which I invest with my own queer and of color
desires."... The first film shown was “Forever Bottom!” made in 1999, which was
inspired by “my exposure to the work of Richard Phong, who wrote
“Looking for my Penis” about gay Asian men in North American video porn…
due to the way we are gendered in the west, invariably we are
positioned as the passive bottom… [I wanted to] present a critique [of
that idea] that doesn’t reinforce heteronormative standards of what
masculinity is or can be.” “Forever Bottom!” shows an Asian male happily bottoming—in bed, in
the shower, in the car, on the roof—for four minutes, and when it
wrapped, Hoang joked that making the film had been “much better than
writing a 300-page dissertation on gay male bottoming.” ...After screening all the films, Hoang stayed to talk with
students about the new media landscape for queer film in the age of the
Internet. He said that there is "still very little work that addresses
Asian-American queer men" and worried that "queer film is now becoming
corporatized... there’s no place for experimental work," but stated
that he wanted to think more about the Internet’s possibilities in the
In God's Hourse: Asian American Lesbian & Gay Families in the Church
(Film Website): Asian American lesbians and gays have been largely
invisible in Christian churches. Some Asian American churches silence
the issue for fear of division and conflict. Other Asian American
church leaders have condemned homosexuality and publicly protested
against same-sex marriage. Yet lesbian and gay Asian Americans and
their families worship and serve in churches every day. Where are their
voices? This honest and thought-provoking film tells a story that the
church needs to hear: that of Asian American Christian lesbian and gay
people, their pastors, and their parents.
A New Look at Homophobia and Heterosexism in Canada: The Experience Of Asian and South-Asian Canadians. Table of Contents. Full Text: PDF Download. - Multiplicity And Judges 19: Constructing A Queer Asian Pacific American Biblical Hermeneutic: PDF Download. - Sexualities as Social Roles Among Asian- and Pacific Islander American Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals: Implications for Community-Based Health Education and Prevention. - Study of Asian Pacific American LGBT People Reveals High Rates of Discrimination (2005). - Who is Asian?: Representing a Panethnic Continent in Queer Asian Activism and Community Building (2007).
Links: - North
America Gay Asian Social / Support Groups. - Gay
Asian Pacific Support Network.- Asian Pacific Islander Pride Council. - API Equality-LA. - Asian Pacific AIDS Intervention Team (Newsletter). - Asian, Gay & Proud. - Asian/pacific islander Queers United for Action: Resources. - China Rainbow Association. - Gay
Asian & Pacific Islander Men of New York. (The
GAPIMNY Story): GAPIMNY
news magazine, PersuAsian. - Gay
Asian group marking a milestone (2000). - Article Listing. - Gay and Lesbian Asians of Montreal (GLAM, YouTube). - Asian Pacific Islander Queer Women & Transgender Community. - Asians & Friends Denver: Asian Coming Out Resources. - Gay Person of Color Blog. - Being gay and Asian in America Blog. - 8Asians.com: A blog for GLBT Asian Americans. - Queer Asian Youtn, Toronto. - Queer and Questioning Asians/Pacific Islanders of Stanford: Asians and Pacific Islanders at Stanford have often lacked visibility
within the LGBTQ community, and conversely, LGBTQ members and issues
have often been invisible within the API community. With this queer
Asian group, we hope to promote racial and ethnic diversity within the
larger gay community as well as combat homophobia among Asian-Americans.
Asians & Friends Denver:
We are a celebration of Asian culture, food and friendship by serving
as a social-support organization for GLBT Asians and friends... Coming Out: Acceptance and Support... Coming Out: Resources for GLBT Burmese, families and friends... for GLBT Cambodians, families and friends...for GLBT Chinese, families and friends... for GLBT Hmong and families and friends... for GLBT Indian, families and friends... for GLBT Indonesian, families and friends... for GLBT Japanese, families and friends... for GLBT Koreans, families and friends... for GLBT Malaysians, families and friends... for GLBT Mongolian and families and friends... for GLBT Muslims, families and friends... for GLBT Nepal families and friends... for GLBT Filipinos, families and friends... for GLBT Singapore families and friends... for GLBT Sri Lankan families and friends... for GLBT Timor families and friends... for GLBT Vietnamese and families and friends.
The world largest international social organization for Gays of Asian Pacific Heritage. - Queer Asian Youth (Toronto). - Asian & Pacific Islander Wellness Center: Community HIV/AIDS. - Positive Asian Posters. - Asian/Pacific Gays and Friends: Newsletter. - BGLAD: Asian American. - AQU25A: Asian and Pacific Islander Queer and Questioning, 25 and Under All Together is a group for and run by young queer and questioning Asians and Pacific Islanders (A&PIs) who are aged 25 years and under. - Asian News Items from Long Yang Club, Toronto (To 2003). - OG Magazine. - DRAGUN magazine is a quarterly Asian Alternative Lifestyle Publication Premiering June 1999 in Toronto Canada. - Queer and Asian: mochi balls newsletter (1996-2000). - Barangay: Filipino-American Organization (To 2002). - British Born Chinese Lesbian: Articles (To 2008). - Queer Berkeley: Cal Queer & Asian Groups (To 2007). - Queer Asian Support Society* (NZ, to 2003). - Gay Asian Pacific Alliance Community Arts Project (To 2004). - Isn't It Queer Asian-American Link (To 2007).- Gay, bi, lesbian, transgender A/P youth resources (To 1998). - Asian Pacific Lesbian and Bisexual Women's Resources (To 1998). - Queer Asian Pacific resources (To 1998). - Queer Asian/Pacific Web Resources (To 1997). - GenderVariant's Resources (To 2005). - Noodle Magazine (To 2002). - Beyond Face Values: Building Cultural Competency with Asian American/Pacific Islander (API) Populations: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Resources (2005). - Queer Asian Compass: A Descriptive Directory of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBTQ) Asian American, South Asian, and Pacific Islander (AAPI) Organizations (2009).
Stanford Q&A Links. - Utopia - QRD - Gayscape - Pridelinks. - QueerTheory.com's Resources. - HIVinsite"s Asian & Pacific Islander Americans Links. - Articles and Essays on APA Sexualities: Queer APAs (Must Scroll). - South Asia Links (UK). - Fridae: Empowering Gay Asia. - AfterEllen: Asian American articles / Interviews.
exoticizemyfist.com : Originally a term coined by pro-queer Asian American activist/ theorist/ punk rocker Mimi Nguyen, Exoticize My Fist! has become a slogan of anti-objectification and, thus, empowerment for Asian Pacific Americans of all genders, sexualities and walks of life. The staff at exoticizemyfist.com have adopted this in-your-face term to use as a rallying cry for queer Asian Pacific American women who have no qualms about speaking our minds or putting up a fight.
Ultimate "Planet Out" Guide to Queer Movies (Subject: Asian Images) (To 2009).
galaxy of Asian and Asian American films at the 25th San Francisco International
lesbian & Gay Film Festival (2001). - Queer Asian Cinema: Shadows
in the Shade (Google Books) - from Haworth Press). - (Re)sexualizing
the Desexualized Asian Male in the Works of Ken Chu and Michael Joo (1998).
Belacan in San Francisco. - Projected
bodies in David Henry Hwang's M. Butterfly and Golden Gate: Critical Essay. - In God's House: Asian American Lesbian and Gay Families in the Church: A Video by Lina Hoshino for the PANA Institute's Civil Liberty and Faith Project. - Queer People of Color Documentaries (PDF Download). - Queer Asian Movies at the Asia Film Festival Aotearoa: film list, 2005. - Gay gaze at the SF International Asian American Film Festival (2011): Film Listing / Description.
of materials on South Asian Gay, Lesbian, Concerns. - Guide to the Asian Pacific Islander Lesbian Collection, 1980-2001. - Books
related to gay, bi, lesbian, transgender Asian/Pacific people (To 1998). - Ohio
State University Library's GLB Book list (China, Japan, New Guinea,
Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and other Asia and Pacific countries. To 1996)
homosexuality bibliography (To 1994). - Landmarks
in Literature by Asian American Lesbians. - Bibliography
of Asian TG (and TG-related) studies in the humanities and social sciences.
1990-present. .- Gay
Asian Literature (To 2004)): Fiction,
American Sexualities Syllabus. - Queer
Asian Non-Fiction. - GLBT
Bibliographies Listing (To 2004). - A Bibliography of LGBT Issues in Race and Diversity (To 2007). - Asian American Literature. - Landmarks in Literature by Asian American Lesbians. - Gay Male Asian-American Fiction.
Books: - CelebrAsian: Shared Lives: Gay Asians Toronto's Oral History book - 1996. Book Description: Thirteen members of Gay Asians Toronto, including Wayson Choy, Richard Fung, André Goh, and Alan Li, share their personal stories including comments on their experience of racism, homophobia, and the gay community in Toronto (Reference). - Making of a Gay Asian Community : An Oral History of Pre-AIDS Los Angeles (Pacific Formations : Global Relations in Asian and Pacific Perspectives) - 1995 - by Eric C. Wat (Review) (Article based on book). - Working With Asian Americans : A Guide for Clinicians - 1997 - edited by Evelyn Lee (Google Books).
Books: - The Very Inside: An Anthology of Writing by Asian and Pacific Islander Lesbian and Bisexual Women - 1994 - edited by Sharon Lim-Hing. - Take Out: Queer Writing from Asian Pacific America - 2001 - edited by Quang Bao, Hanya Yanagihara, Timothy Liu (Review). - Bite Hard - 1997 - by Justin Chin (The Author) (A Conversation with Justin Chin) - Queer Asian Cinema: Shadows in the Shade - 2000 - edited by Andrew Grossman (Google Books). This title has been co-published simultaneously as Journal of Homosexuality Volume 39, Numbers 3/4 2000. - Mongrel : Essays, Diatribes, Pranks - 1998 - by Justin Chin (The Author) (A Conversation with Justin Chin).
Selves: Autobiographies of Queer Asian-Pacific-American Activists
- 2003 - edited by Kevin K. Kumashiro (Google Books). - Racial
Castration: Managing Masculinity in Asian America - 2001- by David
L. Eng (Google Books).
B-farhet Tarek: The Law of the Blood... is Bloody: Coming out problems in Middle-Eastern Societies (1996). - Homosexualité: le monde Arabe. - Muslim Lesbians (2002). - OutSpoken : Arab American And Gay: Mubarak Dahir is a gay Arab-American and lives in New York City. In this despatch he describes how the events of September 11th have had a profound effect on his life in one of the world's most ethnically diverse cities. - Gay Muslim Web Site Opened in Asia (2000).
Iranian Gays Bravely Unite Worldwide (1997). - Saviz Shafaie: An Iranian Gay Activist Leader - Interview by Jack Nichols (1997). - Gay Iranians in Los Angeles and Struggle to Come Out (2001). - Iranian Gay and Lesbian Health Care Provoders Association (To 2008): Article Listing. - Muslims step out at Gay Pride. - LGBT Muslims Holding 2nd International Confab in London (2002).
Blacks, blanc, beurs. (A French article reporting on racism (Black & Arab) problems in France. Article is located in issue n°9 - décembre 1996). - L'association Kelma se bat contre l'isolement et le racisme (France) (T0 2001). (Alternate Link) - Kelma, l'association des beurs gay (To 2001). "Kelma, l'association des beurs gays, est un lei d'écoute, de rencontre, de convivialité et de chaleur, qui fait écho à une réalité souvent douloureuse : les difficultés rencontrées par les homosexuels d'origine maghrébine dans leur quête de leur place dans la société française et dan leur comuauté d'origine." - Kelma: The first french gay and lesbian arab association (To 2005). - Problèmes avec Kelma N/A. - The New Kelma (To 2009). - Un Homosexuel Algerien a Paris (To 2002). - Kelma Belgique (To 2001): La page de l'association des gays maghrébins en belgique. - Archives des actualités du C.S.H.S.P. (Articles to 1998).
and Sexuality in the Middle East (1998): Sexual relations in Middle Eastern
societies have historically articulated social hierarchies, that is, dominant
and subordinate social positions: adult men on top; women, boys and slaves
below." - In
These Times: Isn't That Queer
(2002): .After almost 2 years of bitter fighting, trust between
Israelis and Palestinians has never been lower. But in a packed, smoky
nightclub on the edge of Jerusalem’s ultra-Orthodox Mea Shearim
district, the gay communities from both sides still bridge the growing
divide, breaking down racial and political barriers as Jews and Arabs
defy traditional stereotypes and threats of suicide bombers. - Re-Orienting
Desire: The Gay International and the Arab World
(2002): One of the more compelling issues to emerge out of the gay
movement in the last two decades is the universalization of "gay
rights." - White
Anti-Racists: They Battle Bigotry from the Inside Out (2002): "Their first
workshop will target New York City gay and lesbian groups because most
of the trainers identify themselves as "queer" - a term they use to encompass
gay, lesbian and transgendered people. "We're trying to challenge the queer
movement," Lee said. "Or lack thereof." Lee described how the gay and lesbian
community is divided along race and class lines, which she said undermines
their power as a collective political force. For example, she believes
racial differences spark the current turf war between the young gay and
transgendered people of color who flock to the West Village streets to
socialize, and the older, mostly white residents who routinely call the
police to kick them out."
Prisoners of Sex:
"The politics of homosexuality is changing fast in the Arab world. For
many years, corners of the region have been known for their rich gay
subcultures — even serving as secure havens for Westerners who faced
prejudice in their own countries. In some visions, this is a part of
the world in which men could act out their homosexual fantasies. These
countries hardly had gay-liberation moments, much less movements.
Rather, homosexuality tended to be an unremarkable aspect of daily
life, articulated in different ways in each country, city and village
in the region. But sexuality in general and homosexuality in particular
are increasingly becoming concerns of the modern Arab state... In
recent years, there have been arrests, crackdowns and episodes of
torture. In Egypt, the most populous country in the Arab world, as in
Morocco, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates - even in famously open
and cosmopolitan Lebanon - the policing of homosexuality has become
part of what sometimes seems like a general moral panic... "
The double closet: Shunned by Arabs for being gay, and by gays for being Arab, an emerging community struggles:
"Arabian Nights is orchestrated by AL-GAMEA, a group formed in 2004 by
three gay Arab men dedicated to creating a forum for support,
socialization, education and awareness, in an area that's home to the
largest and most visible Arab-American community in the country... As
immigrants, they must cope with melding two nationalities; as Arabs,
they must deal with unbridled, post-9/11 racism in this country; and as
gays, they must deal with jokes, harassment, discrimination, and
sometimes, the threat of being attacked and beaten — even by their own
families. Outing oneself as gay in this country can still lead to
alienation of friends and family, pain, shame, humiliation and
discrimination. But in the Middle East, where gender roles are
extremely polarized, being gay can lead to imprisonment, flogging or
death... While the situation is less grim for Arab-Americans in this
country, they still face personal, religious and familial hardships for
their sexual orientation — much like those tackled by the first wave of
the gay rights movement in the '70s... He says being openly gay is one
of the "hardest things you can do as an Arab. It's extremely hard
because of your culture, your parents. It's the biggest taboo. It's
basically considered filth. Arabs don't understand that it's not a
choice; they say, 'America made you that way.'" ... Sebastian suggests
that perhaps Arab lesbians are more closeted than men, but doesn't know
why. That's not to suggest they don't exist. Canadian Irshad Manji is
an outspoken Muslim lesbian and author who's appeared on CNN, the BBC
and FOX News; the Safra Project (safraproject.org) is a growing
international support group of sorts for Muslim lesbian, bisexual and
transgendered women; and ASWAT (aswat.org) is a support network for
Palestinian gay women — one of the group's goals is "to increase the
presence of women's sexuality and lesbianism in the Arabic language and
The daughter of those people (2002): "Being 'bint el nas' means you are someone's daughter; having family. Belonging to someone and having people who belong to you. For many arabs, that belonging to the family and community is an essential component of cultural identity. For others, especially those born or living in the diaspora, the distance from family and a lack of community bring into sharp relief the ways in which their cultural identity is problematic. Whether you live in the Middle East, North Africa or the diaspora, to be lesbian, bisexual or transgender is to create distance from your culture, a kind of internal exile or ghurbeh. And you are doing it to yourself, either because of the silences you may choose or need to maintain, or because there are areas of your life in which you need to make that impossible choice between being queer and Arab; your cultural identity is further complicated. And yet, in that distance from your Arab culture you are finding yourself as an individual. You are also, hopefully, moving towards belonging to a lesbian/ bisexual/ transgender community, whether physically or via email and other forms of communication. And in that place you may find yet another expression of yourself as an Arab, however similar or different that is to your previous experience. For me that bringing together of my Arab, westernised and lesbian selves has been and still is a difficult process, with many pitfalls along the way...
The Invisible American Half: Arab American(1) Hybridity and Feminist Discourses in the 1990s (1998):
"The discourse that defines Arab American women as women of color gives
a new impetus for the discussion of racism not just as a problem facing
the community, but also as a problem within the community. The fight
against the racist attitude and practices within opens the door to the
discussion of homophobia and the hostility some members of the
community show towards Arab American gay men and Lesbian women. These
problems which are internal to the community undermines its ability to
mobilize against the racism of the hegemonic culture and to build
successful coalitions with other groups and communities with the U.S.
political system. The fight against these problems provide important
levers for overcoming the "partitioned"(66) and "ghettoized"(67)
existence that have dissipated the collective and intellectual energies
of Arab Americans as people of color in the U.S..."
Arab-American Writers Identify with Communities of Color (2003):
"At the same time, the reaction from within the Arab-American community
can be fierce if it perceives any kind of attack or challenge to its
prevailing social and familial structures, especially from one of its
"own." This breeds an insidious form of self-censorship that has, until
recently, kept Arab-American literature from engaging in unabashed
discussions of sexuality, incest, or even mental health issues. By
contrast, women writers in the Arab world have long explored lesbian
relationships, incest, and other subjects that remain largely taboo in
the Arab-American world...."
Arab Americans and HIV Prevention (2005). - Arab Americans and HIV/AIDS Prevention (2000). "Many themes repeat through the four interviews, but one that stands out quite clearly is shame. Words like secretive, stigma, taboo, suspicion, and fear are repeatedly used to describe the relationship many Arab Americans have towards HIV & AIDS and related topics, including sexuality, homosexuality, and drug use."
& Videos on Gay & Lesbian Studies: The
Perfumed Garden - An exploration of the myths and realities of sensuality
and sexuality in Arab society. (new September, 2001) - Talking
Back. Arabs in the Celluloid Closet (1996): Separate and unequal visions of
gay male identities in lands of exile: "These directors may love filming
Brown or Black men, but they still have no clue of how to narrate the lives
of these characters, making them hollow figments of their imagination.
In fact, they know nothing about the culture of others, yet talk about
"shared values..." How long until we see a film with a gay Arab man who
is not necessarily beautiful, who is menacing instead of being sexy, sympathetic
and reassuring? Such a character might find a way to impose his perspective
instead of playing the passive victim awaiting the white hero." - Menicucci G (1998). Unlocking the Arab Celluloid Closet: Homosexuality in Egyptian Film. Middle East Report, No. 206, Power and Sexuality in the Middle East (Spring, 1998), pp. 32-36.
Documentary on gay Muslims (2008): Jihad For Love (Wikipedia) (Google Search):
Homosexuality and Islam. Can the two coexist? Parvez
Sharma, a secular Muslim, has put together a documentary film about gay
and lesbian Muslims who ask themselves the same question, not always
with the same answer. One constant, however, is lots of suffering. Some
people in the film do in fact marry, with tragic results. All of
them are deeply religious, a religiosity that takes different
forms. There are those who are distressed by their "sinfulness"
and express a desire for punishment. There are those who say that
if Allah made me this way it must be okay. And then there is gay
imam Mushin Hendricks, driven out of teaching in South African
madrassas because he came out... - YouTube: jihad for love Part 1, Part 2, Part 3. - Interview with Gay Muslim Filmmaker Parvez Sharma (2009). - Is There A Place For Gay Muslims?
A Jihad for Love (2009): The documentary film A Jihad for Love follows the lives of gay and lesbian Muslims living in places around the world, including Egypt, Iran, India, Turkey, Canada, and France. The film follows these individuals in underground subcultures for homosexual communities in Muslim countries and as immigrants to the West where their lifestyles are more acceptable in public. The main storyline of the film centers on a homosexual Imam from South Africa, Muhsin Hendricks, who was once partnered with a woman in an arranged marriage, is now divorced and is still close with his three children. He says at one point that the marriage was out of guilt for having feelings towards men and pressure to conform with religious norms in the Muslim community in Capetown... - Jihad For Love Blog.
Real Queer Arabs:
In the film, Hatem Rashid, the editor of French-language newspaper Le
Caire is presented as a predator who feeds on a naïve Upper
Egyptian police guard called Abd Rabu. Like in the aforementioned The
Malatili Bath, Rashid seduces Abd Rabu by getting him drunk with the
forbidden western ills of red wine and (heterosexual) pornography. All
the while, Hatem’s sense of logic is also warped and confused. He
convinces Abd Rabu that cheating on his wife with a man is not sinful
because ‘a man cannot get pregnant’. Subsequently, he threatens the
young police guard when he refuses his advances, warning that he ‘could
harm him’ if he didn’t continue to consummate their relationship.
Again, it is no surprise that Hatem Rashid is half French and the
editor of a French-language newspaper, insinuating that the homosexual
vice is a predicament relegated to the Egyptians who hold associations
with the world of the former African colonies..
Dutch Fear Muslim Reaction to Hirsi Ali's Gay Movie (2006): The Dutch authorities fear that "Submission 2,” Ayaan Hirsi Ali's soon to be released new movie, might make the Netherlands a target of angry Muslims worldwide. The movie criticizes Muslims for their intolerance of gays. In a report published last Wednesday the country's National Anti-Terrorism Coordinator (Nationaal Co–rdinator Terrorismebestrijding, NCTb) warns that one must seriously take into account the possibility of an international Muslim boycott of the Netherlands, similar to the boycott of Denmark by the Islamic world earlier this year over the Muhammad cartoons... Ayaan Hirsi Ali has announced that her new movie will be released later this year. "Submission 2” criticizes the "lack of sexual liberty” of homosexuals in Muslim societies. Hirsi Ali's first movie, "Submission,” which was released in 2004, criticized the discrimination of women in Muslim societies. The script of the movie was written by Hirsi Ali. The movie depicted verses from the Koran written on the naked backs of battered women. Theo van Gogh, the Amsterdam film maker who directed Hirsi Ali's movie, was assassinated in November 2004 by a Muslim fanatic. Van Gogh's murderer pinned a letter to his corpse, threatening to kill Hirsi Ali as well.
A European Gay Arab Male Comments N/A: "I have been for a relatively short time in the gay scene/community, yet I find myself terribly disappointed (my problem) by the way gay life is lived and what is important for men. Our entire culture seems to rotate around getting the next best guy into bed or having the best orgasm. I am not judging nor am I condemning yet when this becomes all, it truly becomes unnerving. Gay Arabs are, unfortunately, not advancing beyond that point either."
gives journalists a chance to reflect, too (2002): "Dahir said he has always
taken solace knowing that the gay community would be there for acceptance.
However, Dahir said that after the terrorist attacks, he wrote about his
experience of being an Arab-American in the United States and was shocked
to receive negative and hateful responses from the LGBT community. "I've
always assumed that the gay community was a safe haven," Dahir said. "But
I don't feel that way anymore. A bond has been broken that I feel will
never be repaired." Dahir said the LGBT community knows what discrimination
and hatred feel like, and he assumed its members would not be among those
who jumped to conclusions that all Arab-Americans were to blame for the
No Homosexuals in the Arab World [incl.Joseph Massad, Richard Bulliet]
(2007): Recall that at Ahmadinejad's recent speech at Columbia, he
responded to a question about Iran's oppression of homosexuals by
claiming that "in Iran we don't have homosexuals like in your country."
His statement was met with a chorus of boos and catcalls, the only
thing he said that really riled up the politically correct crowd of
Morningside Heights. Well, it may come as a surprise to Columbia
faculty and students to learn that a current professor at Columbia has
argued that there are no homosexuals in the entire Arab world, except
for a few who have been brainwashed into believing they have a
homosexual identity by an aggressive Western homosexual missionizing
movement he calls "Gay International." The article is called, "Re-Orienting Desire: The Gay International and the Arab World,"...
American Muslim Response to Queer Visibility
(2010, Full Text Available): Muslims in the U.S. are by many indicators
a well-integrated minority, comparatively well-educated, economically
indistinct from the rest of the population, and with a set of attitudes
compatible with the political mainstream. One of the few issue areas on
which they stand out as distinctly conservative is on homosexuality,
where rates of “disapproval” are at the same level as among evangelical
Protestants. This view is reflected in the positions taken by most
organized Muslim groups in the U.S., and almost certainly by the vast
majority of religious leaders. There are indications of Muslims
adapting their faith to the western context, and to intergenerational
change in attitudes to sexual diversity, but increasing sensitive among
American Muslims to the distrust or disdain to which their faith is
subject, and to the heightened sense of scrutiny that they experience,
may well be contributing to a retention of selective moral
traditionalism. - Trailer: I am Gay and Muslim (2012): World premiere: March, 23rd 2012, LGBT Festival Amsterdam.
Resources: GayJews.Org (Orthodox Jews) - A Community of Frum Gay Jews (To 2005) - Everything Gay/ Lesbian/ Bisexual/ Transgender and Jewish - The World Congress of Gay and Lesbian Jewish Organizations (To 2003): New Website. - JGLG - The longest established Jewish gay group in the world. - Congregation Beth Simchat Torah, New York's synagogue serving the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender Jewish community: The largest in the world. - History of Gay Israel ? Queer in the Land of Sodom.
and Lesbian Arabic Society (GLAS). - Articles
& Essays. - The
politics of Naming; A Queer Arab Identity? - Arab
Lesbian Home Page. - Welcome
to the home page for our GayArabs Chat Channel and Mail List (gayarab.org) (To 2007).
Muslims Home Page. - Sehakia:
the Voice of Arab and North African Lesbians (To 2004). - AHBAB: The Gay and Lesbian Arab Society. - Salaam:
The Queer Muslim Community of Toronto. An organization dedicated to
Muslims who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transsexual and/or
transgender, as well as those questioning their sexual orientation or
gender identity, and their friends. - Al-Fatiha Foundation.
- Safra Project: Personal stories of Muslim lesbian, bisexual and trans women. - Filou Mektoub. -
Queer Muslim Revolution: Bringing progressive news, information, and
resources to LGBT Muslims and their allies - across globe. - Hidden Voices: The Lives of LGBT Muslims: Presented by queer Muslim activist, speaker and writer Faisal Alam (Gay Muslim Activist Bucks Cultural Norm, 2012). - The Gay Mosque. - LGBT Muslim Retreat.
Iranian queers headquartered in Toronto N/A: "The Iranian Queer
Organization (IRQO) is based in Toronto, as its functioning in Iran
would be illegal and dangerous. However, it communicates with people in
Iran and around the world via the web and e-mail, with some 5,000
members and a monthly publication. - Unveiling the Iranian Queer Organization: An Interview with Arsham Parsi:
"The Persian Gay and Lesbian Organization (PGLO), now called the
Iranian Queer Organization (IRQO), is a non-profit organization working
for the rights of sexual minorities in Iran, including homosexuals,
bisexuals, and transsexuals."
Bibliography (1995): Arabic traditions of male-male erotic/sensual/sexual relationships. - The Queer Jihad for Muslim Homosexuals (To 2007). - QuerJihad Blog. - YOESUF Foundation’s Book Project (To 2004). - The Ultimate "Planet Out" Guide to Queer Movies (Subject: Arab / Middle Eastern Images) (To 2009).
Jerusalem Open House (2003): Where Jews and Arabs find ways to mix peacefully in the Holy Land: "In the heart of Jerusalem, the holy city torn by age-old animosities, the rainbow flag is sending a powerful message, according to those who placed it there. Flying over a pedestrian mall that's been the target of terrorist bombs, the international symbol of Gay Pride shows that Jews, Christians and Muslims can live together in harmony.
Resource Links: - QRD: GLB People in the Middle-East Links. - Gayscape. - Sites beur gay. - Liens gay beurs et lascars. Links to Arab sites. - GayEgypt.com's Links. - Arabic GLBT Cultural Resources. - Queer Jihad Links. - Gay and lesbian Arabs Resources.
Books: - Review of Homoeroticism in Classical Arabic Literature - 1997 - edited by J.W.Wright Jr. and Everett K. Rowson (Review) (Review). - "Sexuality and Eroticism Among Males in Moslem Societies - 1992 - edited by John Dececco (Google Books). - Islamic Homosexualities: : Culture, History, and Literature - 1997 - edited by Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe (Google Books) (Review) (Review) (A Book that Hurts Muslim Sensibilities). - Queer Jews - 2002 - edited by David Shneer, Caryn Aviv (Google Books). - Unspeakable love: gay and lesbian life in the Middle East - 2006 - by Brian Whitaker (Google Books) (Review) (Review).
GENERAL GLBT RACIAL/ETHNIC MINORITY RESOURCES & ISSUES
From One White Gay Male to Another: Calling out the Implicit Racism in Dan Savage’s ‘Liberal’ Politics & the ‘It gets better’ Campaign” (2012)
The recent launch of Dan Savage’s “It Gets Better” campaign on MTV networks is failing to gain momentum among progressives because the campaign itself is myopic. While I applaud Savage for responding to the increasing number of gay and lesbian suicides that often follow bullying and violence, the framing of this campaign gives me pause. The campaign was developed in response to a culmination of the heartrending stories of gay and lesbian youth suicides (some of whom were youth of color-many of which have historically been unable to get national or even local media attention) within the media that reached its apex with the tragic death of Tyler Clementi, a white gay male.
Indeed, when we think of victims of homophobia-induced violence, many US citizens can easily recall the names of white gay males Tyler Clementi and Matthew Shepard but not Sakia Gunn, a black working class lesbian or Brandon White, a black gay youth. Why is that? Because many of the news stories prioritized within gay media outlets are framed by folk who seem to have a limited platform that favors particular persons, namely, middle-class white gay males, over some others. Savage and other middle-upper class gay white men benefit from this form of commodification. It is a hard truth that I, too, have to confront.
It is important, then, that we challenge Savage and his politics. He fails to recognize that the popularity of the campaign and its legitimacy depend on the very subtle exclusion of non-white and non-bourgeois bodies. Moreover, the movement has garnered international endorsement by politicians and celebrities because being gay in America, in the West, somehow speaks to the democratization of what was once considered radical, namely, gay identity. So, yeah, it gets better for queer folk in the US context, but which queer folk?
There is no national campaign for the indeterminable number of Black queer and transgender men and women that have been killed or gone missing across the country. This is not because many have not tried to create such, but because the media, and liberal gays who shape it, like Savage, don’t seem to care...
Gay in America: When culture and sexuality collide (2009): At some point, nearly everyone grapples with their identity—faith, family and sexual orientation. But,
as the following individuals attest, it can be even more difficult for
minorities or immigrants struggling to sort through their
sexuality. - Race, ethnicity can be challenge to gay acceptance (2010). - April Showers Bring Controversy for Young Lesbians of Color:
Earlier in April, The Village Voice and the New York Post showered a
disgraceful downpour over young lesbians of color (2007). - Ad Campaign Focuses On Gay Men Of Color (2010,
NYC): To clarify, the images you see on this webpage now are the ones
running in the subways. The images on this page earlier (and on our 9pm
show) are part of the same campaign, but were designed to be shown only
in gay-friendly bars and restaurants. They include images of men
kissing and are the ads our viewers are responding to below. And as you
can read, most of our viewers didn't mind anyway. - Aren't I Black Too? Keynote Address pt. 1 - Hispanic Black Gay Coalition (2011). - Aren't I Black Too? Keynote Address pt. 2 - Hispanic Black Gay Coalition (2011). - Homophobia and Racism- Third World Solidarity for the Doubly Disadvantaged: How racism and homophobia are pervasive in American society and the consequences for queer people of color.
LGBT People of Color: Our Lives Are Valuable
(2013): It is quite common for the media to sensationalize stories.
After all, their first goal is to sell, not to inform or educate. It is
also common for the media to ignore LGBT people of color who are victims
of hate crimes. Matthew Shepard. Charles Howard. Teena Brandon. In the
LGBT community these are names and tragic stories that made national
headlines. But how many of us are familiar with Sakia Gunn? Tiffany
Berry? Micheal J. Sandy? Roberto Pancho Duncanson? Where was CNN? The
New York Times? Where was -- dare I say it? -- BET? Is it that people of
color are expected to be victims and thus receive far less media
attention? Aren't our lives as valuable as the next? - How White LGBTQ People Can Be More Inclusive of People of Color (2013). - Couples of Color Scarce in Formulaic Gay Cinema (2013).- “Queer Rage” from LGBT Students of Color: Poetry (2012): Performance Critiques Marriage Politics, and Is Badass.
LGBT Youth of Color Have Own Mix of Challenges
(2012): LGBT youth of color may have to contend with different factors
when dealing with their sexuality and coming out, say Jason Cianciotto
and Sean Cahill in the book "LGBT Youth in America's Schools." In this
excerpt, they explore why and how... LGBT youth of color often
experience racism in white-dominated LGBT communities, organizations and
support networks, which may disproportionately be of service to white,
suburban, middle-class LGBT youth. Such LGBT communities may offer fewer
resources for urban youth, who are more likely to be black or Latino,
and the institutions that do exist may be perceived as "white,"
inaccessible or irrelevant to their experiences. Although sizable and
well-organized LGBT communities of color exist, particularly in large
urban areas, LGBT youth of color may choose not to connect with them
because they fear they will be harassed by their peers. Though these
youth are stigmatized on the basis of both race and sexual orientation
or gender identity, many find inadequate support as they navigate among
three, often compartmentalized communities. - Study: People of Color More Likely to ID as Gay (2012). - CDC awards $55 million for HIV prevention among gay, bisexual and transgender youth of color (2011). - Health Risks at the Intersections: Transgender People of Color and HIV (2012).
Prism Casts Light on Struggle of Gays and Lesbians of Color
(2009): Prism is a group founded in 1995 by a group of Yale students of
color. Their objective: to combat homophobia in communities of color
and racism in communities of queers. - Marginalized identities and multiple oppressions: GLBTQ people of color negotiating everyday life (2007). - The Impact of Homophobia and Racism on GLBTQ Youth of Color (2007). - Hyphenating
(2004): Re two book: Andy Quan's "Calendar Boy" & Francisco
Ibañez-Carrasco's "Flesh Wounds and Purple Flowers: The Cha-Cha
Years." - The Myth That LGBT Youth of Color Can't Be Supported (2011). - Midwest LGBTQ Activist Creates Cultural Spaces for Queer Youth of Color (2010). - Health Disparities in LGBT Communities of Color (2010). - LGBT People of Color Need More Than Health Insurance (2010). - Bridging the Gap Between Communities of Color and LGBT Communities (2010). - Gay Immigrant Youth in New York Struggle With Homelessness
(2011): “I grabbed a whole bunch of black plastic bags, packed all of
my things, and went to my best friend’s house. And, I mean, what else
could I do? I was 16, I didn’t know how to do anything,” Juan said. Juan
was kicked out of his house when he revealed to his parents that he was
gay. Adrielle Grant has a similar story. “I moved down to New York with
[my mom], and like two weeks into the move she found out that I was
gay,” Adrielle said. “The drama started and she kicked me out.”
Adrielle (who changed his name from Leroy) was 18 when he became
Diaz EM, Kosciw JG (2009). Shared Differences: The Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students of Color in Our Nation’s Schools. New York, NY: Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network. PDF
Download. Download Page. - Educators fail gay students of color (2009, Alternate Link). - Harsh Words For Gay Students of Color (2009). - Study: LGBT students of color at highest risk (2009):
"While research on the experiences of LGBT students has increased in
recent years, few studies have examined the specific victimization of
students who identify as people of color and LGBT," said GLSEN
Executive Director Dr. Eliza Byard. "Our schools are diverse
environments, and it is important to understand how our students
experiences differ based on personal characteristics such as race and
ethnicity. This report provides alarming evidence that we must act now
to ensure sure that America's LGBT students of color are safe in
school." - Remembering LGBTQ Youth of Color When Talking About Bullying (2010).
Still No Freedom Rainbow for Transgender People of Color (2011). - Assessing the Needs of Female-to-Male Transgendered People of Color and their Partners
(2004): Based on the data from this needs assessment, recommendations
for better serving this community through FTMI include: be more
transparent and welcoming as an organization; provide facilitator
training; pursue funding for people of color-specific programming;
conduct personable outreach specifically to people of color and their
partners; develop community relationships; involve people of color and
their partners in organizational development; and promote dialogue and
education on FTM of color and class issues. - Understanding Sociocultural and Psychological Factors Affecting Transgender People of Color in San Francisco (2010). - One Day Our Change Will Come: A Call to Raise Awareness and End Violence Against Transgender Women of Color (2011). - The State of Gay and Transgender Communities of Color in 2012: The Economic, Educational, and Health Insecurities These Communities Are Struggling With and How We Can Help Them. - Why Centering Race in Transgender Advocacy Is Key to Equality for All (2012). - Transgender People of Color and Domestic Violence (2013).
Measuring multiple minority stress: The LGBT People of Color Microaggressions Scale (2011): Lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals who are also racial/ethnic minorities (LGBT-POC) are a multiply marginalized population subject to microaggressions associated with both racism and heterosexism. To date, research on this population has been hampered by the lack of a measurement tool to assess the unique experiences associated with the intersection of these oppressions. To address this gap in the literature, we conducted a three-phase, mixed method empirical study to assess microaggressions among LGBT-POC. The LGBT People of Color Microaggressions Scale is an 18-item self-report scale assessing the unique types of microaggressions experienced by ethnic minority LGBT adults. The measure includes three subscales: (a) Racism in LGBT communities, (b) Heterosexism in Racial/Ethnic Minority Communities, and (c) Racism in Dating and Close Relationships, that are theoretically consistent with prior literature on racial/ethnic minority LGBTs and have strong psychometric properties including internal consistency and construct validity in terms of correlations with measures of psychological distress and LGBT-identity variables. Men scored higher on the LGBT-PCMS than women, lesbians and gay men scored higher than bisexual women and men, and Asian Americans scored higher than African Americans and Latina/os.
Misawa, Mitsunori (2011). The Intersection of Racist and Homophobic Bullying in Adult and Higher Education. Paper presented at the Midwest Research-to-Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing, Community and Extension Education, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, September 21-23. PDF Download. - Misawa, Mitsunori (2010). Racist and Homophobic Bullying in Adulthood: Narratives from Gay Men of Color in Higher Education. New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resource Development, 24(1): 7-23. PDF Download. PDF Download. "Three conclusions were drawn from the study: 1) The bullying of gay male faculty of color in academia was prevalent and practiced by White and/or heterosexual males and females while simultaneously being cloaked in civility, subjectively applied rules and policies, and enabled by a cooperatively complicit system; 2) Bullying had a negative cumulative impact on gay male faculty of color necessitating them to live in defense of their psychological well-being and academic careers; and 3) The gay male faculty of color separately and in isolation from other gay male faculty of color constructed support networks and developed self-help mechanisms as a way to insure their survival in academia."
Reinventing SISTA for Young, Transgender Women of Color: DIVAS and TITA
(2007): implementation and reinvention of SISTA for transgender women
of color. SISTA’s intended target population is young, African
American, heterosexual women. This grouplevel intervention emphasizes
ethnic and gender pride so as to strengthen self-efficacy with respect
to safer sex practices. Transitions would like to highlight two communitybased organizations (CBOs), the Life Foundation
in Honolulu and Bienestar in southern California, that have
successfully reinvented SISTA interventions for young, male-tofemale(MTF), transgender women color. - Murders of Transgender Women of Color Fuel Concern, Advocacy (2011). - CDC releases request for proposals to work with YMSM and young trans women of color (2011). - HIV/AIDS and Communities of Color (2011).
MLK Day and Modern Gay Men of Color Worth Following (2011). - Top 15 Most Powerful People of Color in LGBT Community (2011). - Gay Youth Of Color Creating Change At Conference (2010). .- GLAAD Launches Media Institute for LGBT People of Color (2011). - Gay prides of color (2009). - Urban Pride welcomes all LGBT people of color (2010, San Diego). - Internalized Homophobia among Same Gender Loving/Gay Men of Color, why? (2009). - 4th
Annual Queer People of Color Conference at UC Davis 2009. The 5th
Annual QPOCC will be held at San Diego State University, May 7th and
5th Annual Queer People of Color Conference:
The Queer People of Color Collective in San Diego are pleased to
announce this years workshops for our 2010 conference! Please see the
amazing workshops and presenters bios and schedule.
DisOrienting Encounters: The Queer Color of Television
(2011): On February 7th , 2011, edge on the net released an article
commenting on the depiction gay characters in network and cable
television. A trans-Atlantic cross cultural analysis of gay pop
culture, I find many points very agreeable with Douglas Baulf
article, LGBTs on TV – does it get better. He is not only
supposing the virtual lack of queer people of color, but the overall
reticence of portraying queer characters of color and transgender
issues. Watching more television these day than I would like, the state
of gay characters on television is lax and negligent to say the least.
I am happy to watch a budding queer relationship on Glee, lesbian love
on Greys Anatomy and the stunning six gay characters on True Blood. But
representation is an elusive creature and the connections between
television and representation is always an appropriate discussion. - LGBTs on TV - does it get better? (2011). - ABC's "The Whole Truth" Features Gay Character of Color (2010).
Psychological Perspectives On Sexual Orientation in Communities of Color
(APA, 2007): In this Special Section, we are pleased to present a series of
brief articles/essays that examine, through a psychological prism, the
meaning and challenges of sexual orientation in communities of color.
Specifically we seek to promote better understanding of the cultural
variations in both the meaning given to lesbian and gay status, and the
unique issues confronting both ethnic minority communities related to
sexual orientation,and lesbian and gay persons of color. - "It's one, two, three strikes, you're out, at the old ball game”: A day in the life of a young queer person of color. - Preventing LGBT Youth of Color Suicides: A Case for Diversity (2010).
Immigrants: A Study in Cultural Crossings (1992). (Longer version of paper) - Cultural diversity and
men who have sex with men: a review of the issues, strategies and resources.
Text online). - EGALE
to consult with queers on the intersection of race and sexual orientation
and the implications of intersectional oppression (2002). - Consultation: The Intersectionalities of Race and Sexual Orientation (2001).
- Embracing Cultural and Sexual Diversity in the BGLT Community:
Conference to address issues of race, ethnicity, and sexuality in
“mainstream” Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, and Trans (BGLT) community (2004). - No Coverage of the Violence against LGBT People of Color (2003).
People of color activists organize across the U.S. (2006):
"Militant activists of color played a leading role in early
multinational gay liberation groups and formed their own caucuses and
organizations..." - Queer People of Color Heroes (2006). - Equal Opportunity: gay people of color in motion picture industry (2001). - Lesbian and Bisexual Women of Color on TV (2003). - Voice for the voiceless: RedBone, a press for LGBT writers of color, rises from the ashes to make a mark in publishing (2005). - At
Home in a World of Strangers. Towards a Comparison of Gay Urban Cultures: Towards
a global gay culture?. (Home Page (To 2004): More Writings)
Poverty, Race and LGBT Youth (2002, PDF).
a society that has disdain for racial and ethnic complexity, gender
variance and sexual diversity, intolerance is the likely experience and
oppression the probable condition for people who belong to communities
that defy simplistic categorization, resist the values and ideals of
the majority community, and consistently engage in political protest
against the political and cultural dominance of those belonging to the
status quo. For people from these communities, outcomes often include
an increased potential to experience poverty, disease, incarceration
and violence... Until society is able to scrutinize the values, systems
and practices that create the oppressive conditions and poor life
outcomes experienced by those whose lives and being defy simplistic
categorization, LGBT YOC will continue to be the most underserved and
vulnerable population of any youth population in the United States. - A review of the professional literature
and research need of LGBT youth of color (2002, PDF
Download). - Youth of Color—At Disproportionate Risk of Negative Sexual Health Outcomes (2004).
Out For A Change: Racial and Economic Justice Issues in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Communities
(2005): In addition to homophobia, lesbian, gay, bisexual and
transgender people confront racism and poverty on a daily basis.
Low-income and LGBT people of color are particularly marginalized and
vulnerable within both the LGBT community and the broader society. They
face multiple oppressions and a range of issues including the erosion
of public benefits and the dismantling of welfare; lack of affordable
housing and homelessness; employment discrimination; immigration
restrictions; labor issues and workers’ rights; violence; incarceration
and involvement with the criminal justice system; and environmental racism. - Identity, Stress, and Resilience in Lesbians, Gay Men, and Bisexuals of Color (2010).
Beyond Bullying: Race, Poverty and LGBT Rights
(2011): The intersection of race, poverty and LGBT status has very
tangible effects. Several studies have indicated that LGBT persons of
color are more vulnerable to hate crimes than whites. This is likely
due to them lacking adequate safe spaces to express their identities
openly. Also, poor LGBT people cannot afford to move to low-crime
neighborhoods, thus, exacerbating their susceptibility to violence...
These youths are statistically quite vulnerable to suicide and abuse.
While the media has devoted a lot of attention on the issue of suicides
among LGBT individuals, it has focused attention primarily upon
suicides resulting from bullying — rather than examining the massive
difficulties that poor LGBT youth face when their parents refuse to
accept their identities. - Homeless Gay and Transgender Youth of Color in San Francisco: "No One Likes Street Kids" - Even in the Castro (2009).
Dixon E, et al. (2011). Hate Violence Against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and HIV-Affected Communities in the United States in 2010. New York, New York: New York City Gay & Lesbian Anti-Violence Project, Inc. PDF Download. In April and May of 2010, foreshadowing the findings of this report, NCAVP called attention to a pattern of increased anti-LGBTQH murders, including six transgender women of color. This year’s report documents the continuing and disproportionate impact of anti-LGBTQH murder on transgender people and people of color. NCAVP continues to work to end the targeting of transgender people and people of color throughout the United States, through community-based and survivor-centered strategies.
Race and the Politics of LGBT Communities of Color (2002). - One Face of Gay Africa: Creating Community in Exile (2002, UK). - Characteristics of Nonrespondents to Questions on Sexual Orientation and Income in a HMO Survey (2001): "Whereas there was no variation in nonresponse to the income question by race, African Americans, Hispanics, and Asians were much more likely than Non-Hispanic Whites to be nonrespondents to the sexual orientation question (odds ratio 1.9, 2.2, and 7.2, respectively)." - GLBT in the non-European World (2000). - Silence broken: National Coming Out Days vigil mourns hate crimes (2003).
We Are Foreigners and Strangers Among Ourselves: "However, when separatism happens within marginal groups, like our LGBT communities, we see how far down the road we have not traveled." - Men of All Colours Together: "Men of All Colors Together/Philadelphia is a gay multiracial, multicultural organization committed to fostering supportive environments wherein racial and cultural barriers can be overcome and the goal of human equality can be realized. To these ends, we engage in educational, political, cultural and social activities as means of dealing with racism, sexism, homophobia, heterosexism, HIV/AIDS, ageism, ableism, classism, and other inequities in our communities and in our lives. Men of All Colors Together (SF): Newsletters available for download. - Gay Is Global: Three decades after Stonewall the movement it spawned has become a worldwide symbol of freedom. - Men of All Colors Together, NY.
of Color: Racism, Homophobia, and Community Identity. - "Too
Busy Studying and No Time for Sex?" (Citation
of Study) Homosexually Active Male International Students
and Sexual Health: "Most of the students were from Indonesia, Malaysia,
Singapore and Thailand and four had undertaken their secondary education
in Australia. (Sydney: National Centre in HIV Social Research, University
of New South Wales, 1999. 54 p. Monograph 4/1999.) - GLBT
panel discusses double discrimination. - Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth of Color: Qualitative Insights into Intersections of Race, Religion, and Sexual Orientation. - Hate Crimes Targeting Race and Sexual Minorities: Same and Different (PDF
Download). - Homophobia/Heterosexism In Communities of Color (PDF
Download). - Overview: Lesbians and Gay Men of Color - Between the Rock of Ethnoracial Identity and the Hard Place of Heterosexism (PDF
Download). - LGBT Athletes of Color: Intersections of Racism, Sexism and Heterosexism.
Queer Ethnic Studies: Queer People of Color Films/Videos in the Michigan State University Libraries (2008).
"The prostitute problem": sex work and self-determination
(2007): And everywhere I've lived (but especially in New York and San
Francisco), I've witnessed and struggled against the violence of
pro-gentrification "neighborhood" associations that always see the
annihilation of public sex and sex work cultures as paramount to the
success of their urban removal projects. In New York, a group called
"Residents in Distress" (RID) aggressively seeks to eliminate queer
youth of color, hookers and other “undesirables” from sections of the
West Village where these cultures have survived and thrived for
Chae DH, Krieger N, Bennett GF, Lindsey JC, Stoddard AM, Barbeau EM (2010). Implications
of discrimination based on sexuality, gender, and race for
psychological distress among working class sexual minorities: The
United for Health Study, 2003-2004. The International Journal of Health Services, 40(4): 589-608. Abstract:
This study investigated the distribution of demographic
characteristics, the prevalence of discrimination based on sexuality,
gender, and race, and relationships with psychological distress among
178 working-class sexual minorities (i.e., who identified as lesbian,
gay, or bisexual (LGB) or had ever engaged in same-sex sexual
behaviors) recruited to the United for Health Study (2003-2004). The
results indicated considerable heterogeneity in responses to items
assessing sexual orientation and sexual behavior, with a majority of
sexual minority participants not identifying as LGB (74.2%). The
authors found significant demographic differences in LGB identification
by gender, race/ethnicity, nativity, and socioeconomic factors. In
addition, LGB participants had higher levels of psychological distress
than non-LGB-identified sexual minorities. Linear regression analyses
revealed that reports of racial/ethnic discrimination and sexuality
discrimination were associated with higher levels of psychological
distress among sexual minority participants. The results underscore the
need to collect multiple measures of sexuality in conducting research
on racially diverse working-class communities; to consider demographic
factors in collecting sexuality data; and to disaggregate information
on sexuality by LGB identification. Findings also highlight the
importance of addressing discrimination in ameliorating problematic
mental health outcomes among working-class sexual minorities.
Jamil OB, Harper GW, Fernandez MI; Adolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (2009). Sexual and ethnic identity development among gay-bisexual-questioning (GBQ) male ethnic minority adolescents. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 15(3): 203-14. PDF Download. Abstract. Identity development is a critical task of adolescence and occurs across multiple areas of self-identification. Although research on the identity development process among individuals who are ethnic and sexual minorities has been conducted for individuals who have 1 minority status or the other, few studies have examined these processes in people who are both ethnic and sexual minorities. In this qualitative study, the authors examined the dual identity development processes related to ethnic and sexual identity among gay-bisexual-questioning (GBQ) Latino and African American male adolescents. Results indicated that the processes associated with the development of sexual orientation and ethnic identity occur concurrently. However, the actual processes involved with the development of each identity not only differed, but seemed to be independent of each other because neither process was referenced in the development of the other. Overall, the process of ethnic identity development involved the process of becoming aware of one's ethnic and cultural heritage, whereas sexual identity development involved finding one's own personally relevant sexual orientation label and connecting to that community. The implications of these findings for the development of interventions to assist in the healthy development of GBQ adolescents are discussed.
(1998) Recently, factions of the queer community have taken to seeking
societal acceptance by catering to the traditional values of the
so-called straight community, assimilating as quickly and as thoroughly
as possible. The now familiar chorus, "We're just like straight people"
dominates their approach, hence distilling the goals of gay liberation
into a solitary aim-to eradicate the distinction of the homosexual from
the heterosexual, to regain the privilege lost after coming out. But
what, or rather whose, privilege is being so passionately defended?
These so-called assimilationist gays presume a specific narrative of
prejudice against queer folk, one which considers one and only one form
of oppression as relevant, ignoring the ways in which people of color,
women, drag queens, bulldykes, transgender people-anyone who is neither
white nor a man, are discriminated against. The perception of
homophobia as singular, uniform, and universal for all queers is
childishly simple, and is indicative of a ridiculously narrow
conception of the freedom that weas queers are supposedly fighting for..."
Working with Communities of Color: The Asian And Pacific Islander Experience In Oregon (1998?):
"Lesbians and gay men of color have always been involved in the lesbian
and gay movement and the struggles of people of color in this country.
This reality stands in sharp contrast with the relative isolation of
white gays and lesbians from communities of color, Japanese Americans
or African Americans, for example. Increasingly, however, sexual
minority communities and racial and ethnic minority communities are
recognizing, and must recognize, that cooperative efforts are necessary
and will benefit everyone over the long run..."
A Different Shade of Queer: Race, Sexuality, and Marginalizing by the Marginalized (2006):
"Shared experiences of oppression rarely lead to sympathy for others
who are also marginalized, traumatized, and minimized by the dominant
society. Rather, all too miserably, those who should naturally join in
fighting discrimination find it more comforting to join their
oppressors in oppressing others. As a gay man of color, I see this on a
routine basis – whether it be racism in the gay community or homophobia
in communities of color..."
Re-coloring the Rainbow:
"When I think of GLBTQ women of color, I think of the phrase,
“re-coloring the rainbow.” GLBTQ is an acronym that stands for gay,
lesbian, bisexual, transgender /transsexual, and queer/questioning.
Because GLBTQ women of color are a minority within a minority, there is
a shortage of research, resources, and representation in the media of
these women. Racism continues to pervade our society; there is also
much opposition to homosexuality in a society where many believe that
everyone is born heterosexual and that homosexuality is a choice. Even
within the GLBTQ community, women’s needs may be overlooked; and even
within the GLBTQ community of women, the needs and issues of minority
women are sadly ignored..."
Giving Voice to Emerging Science and Theory for Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual People of Color
(2004): Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people of color may experience
multiple layers of oppression, as they often not only contend with the
negative societal reactions to their sexual orientation but also may
experience racial prejudice, limited economic resources, and limited
acceptance within their own cultural community. Despite the range of
psychosocial issues that may be encountered by this population, and the
need to understand factors that promote resiliency and well-being, the
empirical psychological literature has virtually ignored LGB people of
color... - Fannie Fierce:An
examination of the empirical literature on LGB people of color over a
10-year period (1992 to 2002) indicates that less then 1% of the 14,482
empirical articles published in American Psychological Association
(APA) journals included LGB samples (Jernewall & Zea, 2004). In
fact, there were only 124 LGB specific articles published in all APA
journals, and of those, only 6 (0.04%) focused on on people of
color…Empirical research on transgendered people is nonexistent in APA
and APA division journals (Jernewall & Zea, 2004)…
Queerness in the Transnational Caribbean-Canadian Diaspora
(2009): It is within this complex environment that this paper explores
the lives of ten queer Caribbean-Canadians who live in Toronto. The
paper provides insights into the ways in which queer
Caribbean-Canadians arrive in Canada, cope with marginalization from
family and community once they come out, and deal with racism,
classism, and sexism from both within and outside of their community.
The paper also describes the ethnic differences within the community
and how that affects treatment. The generational and social class
differences within the queer Caribbean community and what this means
for acceptance and marginalization is also highlighted. Finally, the
paper comments on the transnational activities that connect queer
Caribbean-Canadians with human rights advocacy groups both in Canada
and in the circum Caribbean region.
The Dissident Citizen
(2010, Access to Full Text): Historically, and even today, the majority
of accounts of LGBT migration tend to remain focused, in one scholar’s
words, on “a narrative of movement from repression to freedom, or a
heroic journey undertaken in search of liberation.” Within this
narrative, the United States is usually cast as a land of opportunity
and liberation, a place that represents freedom from discrimination and
economic opportunity. But this narrative also elides the complexity
that erupts from grappling with the reality that many other
jurisdictions outside of the United States can be even more
forward-looking when it comes to recognizing the need for LGBT civil
rights and the fact that many immigrants may confront a much more
complex reality for many people of color, particularly in a post-9/11
LGBTQ Racial Equity Campaign:
Extensive research shows that racial inequities persist in every
indicator of well-being, including health and wellness, school
readiness, economic success and civic participation, among many others.
Further, funding for LGBTQ people of color has been woefully
inadequate, which profoundly impacts the health of these organizations
and, ultimately, the effectiveness of our broader movements for social
change. Let’s begin redressing these inequities... About FLGI's Racial Equity Campaign: The Racial Equity Campaign is a multi-year initiative to create healthy
grantmaking institutions that embody fairness and inclusiveness and
support the leadership of LGBTQ people of color and their organizations. - Overview the the Campaign (2008). - Goals and Benchmarks of the Campaign (2009).
Espinoza, Robert (2008). Building Communities: Autonomous Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer People of Color Organizations in the U.S.. Funders for Lesbian and Gay Issues: Enterprise Press. PDF Dowbload. Download Page.
In many important ways, the character of LGBTQ people of color
organizations mirrors that of other LGBTQ organizations. These are the
stories of people coalescing to form vibrant communities, broaden our
understanding of family, and resist discrimination, hostility and
ignorance. And like several of their counterparts, LGBTQ people of
color groups have worked to break down different forms of inequity and
enhance opportunity for everyone. Together, across deeply diverse
populations, they have organized one another to fight for systemic
change, formed culturally appropriate services for their communities,
infused the policy realm with their unique perspectives, cultivated
artistic communities, and taken on a plethora of social and economic
issues. Their existence debunks the myths that all LGBTQ people are
white and all people of color are heterosexual. They model how a
multi-faceted response takes shape. They live and breathe the core
tenet of social change as based in diversity and connectivity. Building Communities: Autonomous Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer People of Color Organizations in the U.S. is a first-ever report on U.S.-based organizations that are led by and for LGBTQ people of color.
Blackburn MV, McCready LT (2009, PDF). Voices of Queer Youth in Urban Schools: Possibilities and Limitations.
Theory Into Practice, 48: 222-230. We acknowledge the significant
activist efforts by LGBTQ youth in the forms of professional
development, official curricula, and GSAs, but we are concerned about
how GSAs, in particular, seem to be inadequate for LGBTQ youth of
color. The importance of this shortcoming is underscored by the GLSEN
finding that even though LGBT students attending schools in cities were
less likely than those in schools in suburbs, small towns, or rural
areas to hear homophobic remarks and to experience victimization based
on sexual orientation, they were more likely to experience
victimization based on race or ethnicity. - Young, gay and of color (2002):
Working with lesbian, gay and bisexual youth of color requires unique considerations..
Queeers of Color (2000):
"Since my freshman year, I have been an active member of both the queer
and Asian-American communities. Like many other people of color, I feel
comfortable identifying as both "queer" and "Asian-American" here at
Stanford. However, my Stanford experience has taught me that the racism
and homophobia in American society at large still operate on our campus
to make many queer people of color uncomfortable with their sexuality
or racial identity. These perceptions of exclusion and marginalization
are not shared equally by all queer people of color. In fact, many
people in Q&A experience the queer community as welcoming, and are
more concerned about the homophobia of our ethnic community. However,
that fact does not erase the need to address the reality of racism and
homophobia as overlapping systems of discrimination. That process
begins with our dis-orientation. Dis-orientation is a common experience
for queer people of color here at Stanford. When ethnic groups "orient"
us, we often feel like the only non-heterosexual in the community. At
their conferences, dinners, and parties, compulsory heterosexuality
erases our identities and ignores our issues. When queer groups
"orient" us, we often feel like the only non-white person in the
community. At their workshops, socials, and dances, whiteness marks us
as "Other", renders us invisible, and commodifies us as exotic. Two
communities claim us and reject us simultaneously because of racism and
homophobia. The gay community and the ethnic communities welcome you on
paper, but exclude you in person - that is the ultimate
Embracing Cultural and Sexual Diversity in the BGLT Community: Conference to address issues of race, ethnicity, and sexuality in “mainstream” Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, and Trans (BGLT) community. - S'ouvrir à la diversité culturelle et sexuelle au sein de la communauté BGLT: Un colloque se penchera sur les questions d'inclusion de la diversité culturelle et sexuelle au sein de la communauté bisexuelle, gaie, lesbienne et transsexuelle/transgenre (BGLT). - EGALE Attends World Conference against Racism, Releases Report on the Intersection of Race and Sexual Orientation (2001). - Égale assiste à la Conférence mondiale contre le racisme et publie un rapport sur l’intersection de la race et de l’orientation sexuelle (2001). - Deschamps G (1998). We Are Part of a Tradition: A Guide on Two-Spirited People for First Nations Communities. Mino-B'maa:diziwin, 2-Spirited of the 1st Nations, Toronto: PDF Download. Word Download. A Quebec version of the document having the same title "We Are Part of a Tradition: A Guide on Two-Spirited People for First Nations Communities" was produced by the First Nations of Quebec and Labrador Health and Social Services Commission: PDF Download.
Intersection of Sexual Orientation & Race: Considering the
Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered People of Colour
& Two-Spirited People (“GLBT People of Colour & two-spirited
People”) - Executive Summary. - Carrefour de l’orientation sexuelle et de l’origine ethnique comprendre la vie des personnes gaies, lesbiennes, bisexuelles,
transsexuelles et transgenres (glbtt) de couleur ainsi que
bi-spirituelles - Sommaire. - La
intersección de la orientación sexual y la raza: Intentos
de Comprender las Experiencias de Personas Gays, Lesbianas,
Transgénero de Color y las Personas de Doble Espíritu
(“Personas GLBT de Color y Personas de Doble Espíritu”) - Resumen. - The
Intersection of Sexual Orientation & Race: Considering the
Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered (“GLBT”) People of
Colour & Two-Spirited People. Appendicies.. Appendix One: The
Survey, Part 1: Identity, Part 2: Community and Family Relationships,
Part 3: Oppression and Discrimination, Appendix 2: Bibliography,
Appendix 3: Definition of Terms. In French. In Spanish. - Embracing Cultural and Sexual Diversity in the BGLT Community:
Conference to address issues of race, ethnicity, and sexuality in
“mainstream” Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, and Trans (BGLT) community (2004).
- S'ouvrir à la diversité culturelle et sexuelle au sein de la communauté BGLT (2004). - Sexuality in Men of Color: The Impact of Culture (2005).
The Intersection of Sexual Orientation & Race: Considering the Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered (“GLBT”) People of Colour & Two-Spirited People - A Research Paper (2001). - Carrefour de l’orientation sexuelle et de l’origine ethnique: Comprendre la vie des personnes gaies, lesbiennes, bisexuelles, transsexuelles et transgenres (GLBTT) de couleur ainsi que bi-spirituelles - Document de recherche (2001). - La intersección de la orientación sexual y la raza: Considerando las Experiencias de Personas Gays, Lesbianas, Bisexuales y Transgénero (“GLBT”) de Color y de Personas de Doble Espíritu - Documento de Investigación (2001). - van der Meide, Wayne (2002). The Intersections Of Sexual Orientation, Race, Religion, Ethnicity And Heritage Languages: The State Of Research. (A Literature Review & Research Backgrounder Prepared for: Canadian Heritage, Multiculturalism Program.) PDF Download. - Building the Links: The Intersection of Race and Sexual Orientation (2003). Prepared by: Chris Boodram, With contributions from Wayne van der Meide, Kim Vance, John Fisher, Fiona Meyer Cook, Anthony Mohamed, and Lisa Lachance (collectively the Egale Canada Building the Links organising committee). - Minority groups within the canadian gay community - Les minorités dans la communauté gaie et lesbienne.
Queer People of Color: Instructions to Facilitator (2007): This module is designed to provide your group with a springboard for discussing current issues in healthcare that affect Queer People of Color (QPOC). AMSA’s hope is that this discussion will also create a more understanding environment within your medical school for students who have yet to reconcile their sexual identities with their identities as people of color and who therefore have yet to "come out" as LGBT or continue to struggle with the racism and homophobia that make this combination of identities challenging to negotiate. Furthermore, we would like all students to gain insight on the unique cultural background of queer people of color in order to facilitate professional and quality patient care. (Note: It is important to maintain focus on the type of environment your school is providing for such students without singling out any particular students who may or may not identify as QPOC.). - LGBTPM's Advocacy and Support Group for Queer People of Color N/A: "Queer People of Color (QPOC) frequently feel as if they must choose between their ethnic community and the LGBT community because they experience discrimination within both. For both religious and cultural reasons, ethnic minorities are less accepting of sexual orientations other than heterosexuals and the coming out process of QPOC often differs greatly from most LGBT people. The families of QPOC face unique challenges as well, with language and cultural barriers preventing support from resources for parents, like PFLAG. Even within the LGBT community, which should be most accepting of QPOC based on their sexual orientation, QPOC often feel marginalized. It is not uncommon for QPOC to report feeling invisible within the one community they wish to be a part of. At its most extreme form, this discrimination has lead to increasing rates of HIV infection among young gay Asian and African American men who engage in high-risk behavior in order feel accepted by the predominately white gay community. Although LGBTPM cannot easily change attitudes within ethnic communities, we are dedicated to ensuring QPOC medical students feel completely accepted within our LGBT community and that unique health issues of QPOC patients are addressed by physicians."Fusion 2009: Los Angeles Gay People of Color Film Festival. - Outfest Comes Out with "Fusion" Spotlighting Gay People of Color (2004): "Outfest, the group that organizes the annual L.A. lesbian and gay film festival in July, announced it will host "Fusion," a new festival spotlighting films by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered people of color... "Fusion is a first-of-its-kind festival that builds bridges between L.A. communities, celebrates local artists, affirms identity and fights homophobia," commented Outfest executive director Stephen Gutwillig in a release. "Up until now, there has never been a cohesive festival that showcased and blended so many ethnicities within a queer context. I'm thrilled Outfest is presenting Fusion the first lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered people of color film festival." - Spike lee’s booty-bumpin’ lesbian sex thang: The director’s new film takes a surprising view of dyke love (2004): "When Spike Lee’s new film “She Hate Me” opens on Wednesday, July 28, viewers will have the chance to see 19 self-identified lesbians, most of them women of color, on the big screen. This is a huge step, certainly, but is it a positive one?" - The Ultimate "Planet Out" Guide to Queer Movies (Subject: Racism). - Landmark Lesbian of Color Film Series Launched in DC (2008).
Racism Haunts Queer and Christian Communities:
"Racism continues to be one of those nagging problems that we must
grapple with. As part of an ongoing dialogue that sometimes appears to
get better, talks concerning race in America never succeed at making
people of color feel secure or making the problem seem curable. That's
because every time the political tide changes, the racial gains made
during one political season often are reconsidered if not reversed in
the other... In WOW's effort to be inclusive of all people within the
Body of Christ, it decided to confront the issue of racism by looking
at itself. The Coordinating Committee put out this statement: "Over the
course of the last two years, the WOW 2003 Coordinating Committee has
been challenged in confronting racism. We confess that as a committee,
we talked a lot about working on racism and maintaining our diversity
as a committee, but there always seemed to be more urgent items on our
agenda. In fact, it has only been in the past nine months that we began
to deal with racism as a part of our committee work. We have learned a
lot about ourselves and about our movement." ... s a nagging problem
that seems to never go away, racism must be the issue we wrestle with
in our attempts to do social justice work on behalf of all LGBT people
- churched and unchurched, Christian and non-Christian. But for LGBT
Christian activists especially, it is important that in our
proclamation to create the beloved community as depicted in the Gospel
of John in the New Testament, we not fail at being inclusive - because
the thorn of racism impinges on our movement.
Performing Sexual Inequalities:
Participatory action research on social inequalities in sexual
communities using theater for participation and dissemination: "In the
course of my ongoing research project on racism in the gay male
community, I have deepened my thinking about the role of the researcher
in society, and have begun to fashion what I believe is a unique way of
integrating research with community collaboration in a sincere effort
to affect positive social change. In the case of my research, the very
practice I have chosen reflects the reflexive position vis-B-vis the
topic or racism, and the role of the researcher in affecting change.
The way in which I conducted my research was totally novel for me.." - Presenting author: Niels Teunis, Title: Racism in the San Francisco gay community (Word Download):
An experimental ethnography to create new visibility to an old problem.
This paper will describe the outcome of an experimental ethnography of
a theater production that attempts to investigate the non-verbal,
physical expressions of racism in the San Francisco Gay Community by
means of theatrical techniques. This theater project was set up to
serve the following goals:... One major hindrance to recognition across
racial lines is the fact that so much racism is expressed in subtle
non-verbal ways that are nevertheless unmistakable to those on the
receiving end. Overt verbal expressions of racism are a rarity in
modern day San Francisco. But the question is how to effectively and
convincingly demonstrate what the effects of subtle or not so subtle
non-verbal expressions of racism are. That is the reason why this
theater project has been organized."
Resources: - LGBTQ Racial Equity Campaign. - EGALE. - Queer and Questioning Asians/Pacific Islanders of Stanford:
Asians and Pacific Islanders at Stanford have often lacked visibility
within the LGBTQ community, and conversely, LGBTQ members and issues
have often been invisible within the API community. With this queer
Asian group, we hope to promote racial and ethnic diversity within the
larger gay community as well as combat homophobia among
Asian-Americans (Resource Links). - Advocates for Youth's Youth of Color Initiative. - Building Anti-racist GSAs:
"GSA organizers from around the Bay Area came up with these ideas about
why many GSAs are disproportionately white:... Here are some broad
strategies that GSAs can use to address these issues and build diverse,
anti-racist organizations:..." - How to Fight Racism in the LGBT Community. - Author Keith Boykin's new book (2011): For Colored Boys Who Have Considered Suicide When The Rainbow Is Still Not Enough.
Resources: - After Elton: archives - articles related to men of color. - Marylanders of Color Collective (To 2009, Facebook Site). - Dismantling Racism: Tools and Resources (To 2008). - ColorBiNumbers (To 2009):
"a social network of bisexual men, women and couples of all races
coming together to celebrate diversity while networking and
socializing. We are african american, asian, latin and bi-racial people
who welcome all people of color and those who enjoy relating to people
of color." - Rashawn & Beyond: Anti-Violence News for Queer People of Color. - Resources for GLBT Youth of Color - Safe Schools Coalition. - REACH-LA: LGBTQ Youth of Color. - Keith Boykin Website & Blog.
Resources: - Queer People of Color Coalition
(To 2008): QPOCC started out last fall, 2004, as a "Committee to Create
a More Hospitable Climate for LGBT People of Color" on campus. - Beyong Polatiries: A Handbook on Queer Issues for All (Rutgers University, 2009). - The Queer Student Alliance of Rutgers University. - Queer People of Color (Resource Links, University of Maryland). Berkeley University: LGBT Resources -- Queer People of Color. - Lesbians & Bisexual Women of Color Resources. - Gay Persons of Color Blog.
Resources: - Queer Youth of Color Resources. - GLSEN Resources: Race
and Sexual Orientation (To 2003). - Womyn of Color Links. - 2009 Directory of LGBTQ People of Color Organizations and Projects in the U.S. - Queer People of Color Heroes. - Harlem Collective for Lesbians of Color. - Black and Minority Ethnic Lesbian and Bisexual Women: Useful web sites (2007). - Black, Gifted and Gay.
Links: - Pridelinks.com's
Ethnic Group Links. - Resources
for Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual People (Queers) of Color - Gay, Lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people of color resource list. - Gays & Lesbians of Color Links. - Resources for GLBT Youth of Color - Safe Schools Coalition. - Queer Youth of Color Resources. - Google: GLBT Race & Ethicity. - HRC: Focus on Diversity: Resources for Coming Out in Communities of Color. - Internet Resources: LGBTQQIA People of Color Issues (To 2008, Home Page). - Black Gay & lesbian Resources, UK.- AfterElton: Men of Color Articles / Interviews.
youthpride.org Multi-Cultural Links (To 2002: The Resource no longer exist. This is a new Site: youthpride.org) - Links and Resources for the Study of the Rhetoric of Race (To 2008).Bibliographies: - Bibliography: Ethnicity and sexuality to 1994. - LGBT Persons of Color Bibliography To 2001. - Books on Race/Ethnicity in the OGLBTC Collection To 2000. - Gays & Lesbians of Color Bibliography To 2002. - A Bibliography of LGBT Issues in Race and Diversity. - Re-Centering the Margins: Queer Women of Color Bibliography. - More than 50 books by Queer People of Color. - Popular queers-of-color books.
Books: Aberrations In Black: Toward A Queer Of Color Critique - 2003 - Roderick A. Ferguson (Google Books). - Disidentifications: Queers Of Color And The Performance Of Politics - 1999 - by Jose Esteban Munoz (Google Books). - The Feeling of Kinship: Queer Liberalism and the Racialization of Intimacy - 2010 - by David L. Eng (Google Books) (Review). - Troubling Intersections of Race and Sexuality: Queer Students of Color and Anti-Oppressive Education - 2001 - by Kevin K. Kumashiro (Google Books). - Respectably Queer: Diversity Culture in LGBT Activist Organizations - 2008 - by Jane Ward (Review). - Critical Essays: Gay and Lesbian Writers of Color - 1994 - edited by Emmanuel S. Nelson (Google Books).
Search Engines & Directories: - Google.com. - Google Scholar. - MSN
Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer
Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.
Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal. - Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - OpenPDF.com. - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. - findarticles.com: many free full text articles and papers. - Scribd.com.
Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers). eScholarship Repository: University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries. - NTUR, National Taiwan University. - Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. - UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory.
Search for Free Articles, Papers or Reports: FindArticles.com - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. - NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere. The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.
Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project
Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.
Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses, Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available - OpenThesis.org.Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. - Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. - Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers, 2005, 3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review: Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports.
The development of these GLBT information web pages were made possible through the collaboration of Richard Ramsay (Professor, Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary) and Pierre Tremblay (independent researcher, writer, and GLBT children and youth advocate) who both recognize that often needed social changes occur as the result of knowledge availability and dissemination. Additional Information at: Warning, Acknowledgments, Authors.
These GLBTQ Info-Pages were located at the University of Southampton from 2000 to 2003, this being the result of a collaboration with Dr. Chris Bagley, Department of Social Work Studies, University of Southampton.
Graphics are compliments of Websight West. The Synergy Centre donated computer/Internet time to facilitate the construction of this GLBT information site. Both are owned by a Chris Hooymans, a friend, and former publisher of a gay & lesbian magazine in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Chris continues to offer his expertise whenever needed and he has supplied, free of charge, the hosting of the site - Youth Suicide Problems: A Gay / Bisexual Male Focus - where a smaller - GLBTQ Education Section - and the Internet Resource Page for this subject (http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/links5.htm) is located.
Many thanks to Wendy Stephens from The Department of Communications Media, University of Calgary. She communicated with publishers of many academic journals (an ongoing time-consuming process) for permission to reproduce abstracts from papers and studies on these GLBT information web pages.
The information made available on this web page does not represent all the relevant information available on the Internet, nor in professional journals and in other publications.
This web page was constructed to supply a spectrum of information for individuals seeking to understand one or more of the many gay, lesbian, bisexual, queer and transgender issues.