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Homosexuality: Biological? Learned? Part 2 of 2: Bibliography / Abstracts
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BIBLIOGRAPHY: Papers, Thesis, Articles & Books - The Bibliography for Homosexuality: Biological? Learned? Online Full Text Papers is Located on Another Webpage.


Page Index: Full Text Dissertation. - Older Bibliography With Links to Abstracts or Full Text.


Full Text Dissertations

Beckmann Menezes, Aline (2005). Analise da investigacao dos determinantes do comportamento homossexual humano [Analysis of research into the determinants of human homosexual behavior]. PhD. Dissertation,  Universidade Federal do Para. PDF Download. Abstract.

Heath, Lance (2005). Operationally defining sexual orientation: towards the development of a fundamental measure of adolescent sexual responsiveness variations. PhD Dissertation, Rhodes University. Download Page. PDF Download.

Heckert J (2005). Resisting Orientation: On the Complexities of Desire and the Limits of Identity Politics. PhD Dissertation, The University of Edinburgh. Download Page. PDF Download.

Milisitz J (2003?). The etiology of sexual desire. Dissertation. PDF Download.

Ostovich, JM (2005). Sex drive, sexual attitudes and sexual behaviors.  PhD Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. PDF Download.

Richters, Juliet (2001). The Social Construction of Sexual Practice: Setting Sexual Culture and the Body in Casual Sex Between Men. PhD Dissertation, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Sidney. PDF Downloads (Download Page): Title, Abstract, Contents. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Appendix 1. Appendix 2. Bibliography.

Tannenbaum, Ilana J (2006). The impact of social contest on the conceptualization of sexual orientation: a construct validity investigation. PhD Dissertation, Department of Psychology, Ohio State University. Download Page. PDF Download.

Vanderlaan, Doug P (2007). Elucidating the origins of heterosexual sex differences in mating psychology by examining the behaviour of homosexual men and women. Master's Dissertation, University of Lethbridge. PDF Download. Download Page.

Weir DH (2002). An Odyssey of Sexual/Gender Evolution: An Autoethnographical Study of the United States from the 1950s to the Present. PhD Dissertation. Maimonides University. PDF Download.

Weber Shannon (2009). Beyond 'I Can't Help It": Biological Determinisn in American Politics and Possibilities for Agency. Paper, in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelors of Arts with Honor Program in Critical Social Thought, Faculty of Mount Holyoke College. PDF Download.

Wunsch, Serge (2007). Rôle et importance des processus de renforcement dans l'apprentissage du comportement de reproduction chez l'homme. [Evolution from mammalian heterosexual reproductive behavior to human erotic bisexuality.] PhD Dissertation, Neurosciences Intégratives, L'École Pratique des Hautes Études. Full Text.


Older Bibliography, Not Being Added to. Many Items referenced here are not present in the other resources.


ABSTRACT
Alexander GM (2003). An evolutionary perspective of sex-typed toy preferences: pink, blue, and the brain. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32(1): 7-14. Was pink originally the color for boys and blue for girls
 
ABSTRACT
Bagley C, Tremblay P (1998). On the prevalence of homosexuality and bisexuality in a random community survey of 750 men aged 18 to 27. The Journal of Homosexuality, 36(2), 1-18. Full Text (Draft)  PubMed Abstract Link.
 
ABSTRACT
Bailey JM. (1989). A test of the maternal stress hypothesis for human male homosexuality. PH.D. Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, DAI, Vol. 50: 10B, p. 4761, 185 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Bailey JM, Dunne MP, Martin NG (2000). Genetic and environmental influences on sexual orientation and its correlates in an Australian twin sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(3): 524-36.
 
ABSTRACT
Bailey JM, Zucker KJ (1995). Childhood Sex-Typed Behavior and Sexual Orientation: A Conceptual Analysis and Quantitative Review. Developmental Psychology, 31(1), 43-55.

ABSTRACT
Bailey JM, Pillard RC, Dawood K, Miller MB, Farrer LA, Trivedi S, Murphy RL (1999). A family history study of male sexual orientation using three independent samples. Behavior Genetics, 29(2), 79-86, 
 
ABSTRACT
Bailey JM, Gaulin S, Agyei Y, Gladue BA. (1994) Effects of gender and sexual orientation on evolutionarily relevant aspects of human mating psychology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(6), 1081-93.
 
ABSTRACT
Bailey JM, Pillard RC, Neale MC, Agyei Y (1993). Heritable factors influence sexual orientation in women. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50(3), 217-23.
 
ABSTRACT
Bailey JM, and Pillard RC (1991). A genetic study of male sexual orientation. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48(12), 1089-1096.
 
ABSTRACT
Baumrind D (1995). Commentary on Sexual Orientation: Research and Social Policy Implications. Developmental Psychology, 31(1), 130-36. (ERIC "abstract" link.)
 
ABSTRACT
Bem DJ (1996). "Exotic becomes erotic" a developmental theory of sexual orientation. Psychological Review, 103(2), 320-35. Full Text. Is EBE Theory Supported by the Evidence? Is it Androcentric? A Reply to Peplau et al. Psychological Review, 105(2), 395-8. - Full text (Alternate Link). - Abstracts of Bem Articles: Complete text of underlined titles are online and can be accessed directly.
 
ABSTRACT
Billings, Paul (1993). Genetic discrimination and behavioral genetics: The analysis of sexual orientation.  In Intractable Neurological Disorders in Human Genome Research and Society. Proceedings of the Third International Bioethics Seminar in Fukui, 19-21 November, 1993, 35-39.  Full text. Full text.
 
ABSTRACT
Binstock T (2001). An immune hypothesis of sexual orientation. Medical Hypotheses, 57(5): 583-590. Full Text N/A: PDF Download. .
 
ABSTRACT
Blackwood E, Ed. (1986). The Many Faces of Homosexuality: Anthropological Approaches to Homosexual Behavior. Haworth Press, New York. Also published in the Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 11 (3-4), 1985. Listing of paper titles &  link to abstracts from PubMed.
 
ABSTRACT
Blanchard R (2001). Fraternal Birth Order and the Maternal Immune Hypothesis of Male Homosexuality. Hormones and Behavior, 40(2): 105-114.

ABSTRACT
Blanchard R, Bogaert AF (1997). Additive effects of older brothers and homosexual brothers in the prediction of marriage and cohabitation. Behavior Genetics, 27, 45-54. (Must scroll down page to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Blanchard R, Klassen P (1997). H-Y Antigen and Homosexuality in Men. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 185(3): 373-378. Full Text: PDF Download N/A.
 
ABSTRACT
Blanchard R, et al. (1995). Birth Order and Sibling Sex Ratio in Homosexual Male Adolescents and Probably Prehomosexual Feminine Boys. Developmental Psychology, 31(1), p. 22-30. (ERIC "abstract" link.)

ABSTRACT
Blanchard R, Zucker KJ (1994). Reanalysis of Bell, Weinberg, and Hammersmith's data on birth order, sibling sex ratio, and parental age in homosexual men. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151(9), 1375-6. Research Highlights.
 
ABSTRACT
Blanchard R, Zucker KJ, Cavacas A, Allin S, Bradley SJ, Schachter DC (2002). Fraternal Birth Order and Birth Weight in Probably Prehomosexual Feminine Boys. Hormones and Behavior, 41(3): 321-327. Ingenta.com Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Bobrow D, Bailey JM (2001). Is male homosexuality maintained via kin selection? Evolution and Human Behavior, 22(5): 361-368.

ABSTRACT
Bogaert, Anthony F (2000). Birth Order and Sexual Orientation in a National Probability Sample. The relations between birth order and sexual orientation in both men and women were examined in a national probability sample of the United States.  Journal of Sex Research, 37(3): 361-68. Full Text. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents). Wikipedia: Fraternal birth order and male sexual orientation.
 
ABSTRACT
Bogaert AF (1998). Physical development and sexual orientation in women: height, weight, and age of puberty comparisons. Personality and Individual Differences, 24(1), 115-121. 
 
ABSTRACT
Bogaert AF, Bezeau S, Kuban M, Blanchard R (1997). Pedophilia, sexual orientation, and birth order. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106(2),331-5.
 
ABSTRACT
Bogaert AF, Bezeau S, Kuban M, Blanchard R. (1997). Pedophilia, sexual orientation, and birth order. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106(2), 331-5.
 
ABSTRACT
Bogaert AF, Blanchard R (1996). Handedness in homosexual and heterosexual men in the Kinsey interview data. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 25(4), 373-8.

ABSTRACT
Bogaert AF, Friesen C (2002). Sexual orientation and height, weight, and age of puberty: new tests from a British national probability sample. Biological Psychology, 59(2): 135-145.
 
ABSTRACT
Bogaert AF, Friesen C; Klentrou P (2002). Age of Puberty and Sexual Orientation in a National Probability Sample. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(1): 73-81. Excerpt.
 
ABSTRACT
Bogawer SF (2000). Birth Order and Sexual Orientation in a National Probability Sample. The relations between birth order and sexual orientation in both men and women were examined in a national probability sample of the United States.  Journal of Sex Research, 37(3): 361-68. Full Text. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)
 
ABSTRACT
Bokanowski T (1995). The concept of psychic homosexuality. International Journal of Psychoalalysis, Pt 4, 793-804.  (A PubMed Abstract)
 
ABSTRACT
Boswell J (1989). Revolutions, Universals, and Sexual Categories. In Duberman M, Vicinus M, and Chauncey G Jr., Eds. Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past. New York: Meridian. - Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Bradley SJ, Oliver GD, Chernick AB, and Zucker KJ (1998).  Experiment of Nurture: Ablatio Penis at 2 Months, Sex Reassignment at 7 Months, and a Psychosexual Follow-up in Young Adulthood. Pediatrics, 102(1).  Full Text. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Brooks, Ross (2004). The desire and pursuit of the whole: Testosterone, perceived dominance, and sexual preference in men. Full Text. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Brown DE (1999). Human Nature and History. History and Theory, 38(4): 138-157. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Buhrich N, Armstrong MS, McConaghy N (1982). Bisexual feelings and opposite-sex behavior in male Malaysian medical students. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 11(5), 387-93.
 
ABSTRACT
Buvat J, Lemaire A, Ratajczyk J (1996). [Role of hormones in sexual dysfunctions, homosexuality, transsexualism and deviant sexual behavior: diagnostic and therapeutic consequences]. Contraception, Fertilite, Sexualite, 24(11), 834-46.
 
ABSTRACT
Byne W (1997). Why we cannot conclude that sexual orientation is primarily a biological phenomenon. Journal of Homosexuality, 34(1): 73-80.
 
ABSTRACT
Byne W, Tobet S, Mattiace LA, Lasco MS, Kemether E, Edgar MA, Morgello S, Buchsbaum MS, Jones LB (2001). The interstitial nuclei of the human anterior hypothalamus: an investigation of variation with sex, sexual orientation, and HIV status. Hormones and Behavior, 40(2): 86-92.
 
ABSTRACT
Cantor JM, Blanchard R, Paterson AD, Bogaert AF (2002). How many gay men owe their sexual orientation to fraternal birth order? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(1): 63-71.

ABSTRACT
Chung YB, Katayama M (1996). Assessment of sexual orientation in lesbian/gay/bisexual studies. Journal of Homosexuality, 30(4), 49-62. 
 
ABSTRACT
Cohen KM (2002). Relationships Among Childhood Sex-Atypical Behavior, Spatial Ability, Handedness, and Sexual Orientation in Men. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(1): 129-143.
 
ABSTRACT
Coolidge FL, Thede LL, Young SE (2002). The heritability of gender identity disorder in a child and adolescent twin sample. Behavior Genetics, 32(4): 251-7.
 
ABSTRACT
Daskalos CT (1998). Changes in the sexual orientation of six heterosexual male-to-female transsexuals. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 27(6), 605-14. (A PubMed Abstract)
 
ABSTRACT
Dawood K, Pillard RC, Horvath C, Revelle W, Bailey JM (2000). Familial aspects of male homosexuality. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 29(2): 155-63. PDF Download. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
DeCecco, JP, and Elia JP, Eds. (1993). If You Seduce a Straight Person, Can You Make them Gay? Issues in Biological Essentialism Versus Constructionism in Gay and Lesbian Identities. Haworth Press, New York. Also published in the Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 24 (3-4), 1993.  Listing of paper titles &  link to abstracts from PubMed.
 
ABSTRACT
Demetriades C (1997). Language gender and identity: a social-psychological study. PH.D. Thesis, University of Surrey. 
 
ABSTRACT
Dennis JP (2000). From Arcadia to Utopia: Manipulating Same-Sex Desire in Ethnographic Texts. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 29(5): 618-640.
 
ABSTRACT
Diamond M (2002). Sex and Gender are Different: Sexual Identity and Gender Identity are Different. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 7(3): 320-334. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Diamond M (1993). Homosexuality and bisexuality in different populations. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22(4), 291-310.

ABSTRACT
Dickemann M (1993). Reproductive strategies and gender construction: an evolutionary view of homosexualities. Journal of Homosexuality, 24(3-4), 55-71.

ABSTRACT
Dickson N, Paul C, Herbison P (2003). Same-sex attraction in a birth cohort: prevalence and persistence in early adulthood. Social Science and Medicine, 56(8): 1607-1615.
 
ABSTRACT
Dietrich MR (2000). Of moths and men: Theo Lang and the persistence of Richard Goldschmidt's theory of homosexuality, 1916-1960. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, 22(2): 219-247.
 
ABSTRACT
Dewar CS (2003). An association between male homosexuality and reproductive success. Medical Hypotheses, 60(2): 225-32.
 
ABSTRACT
Dörner G, Götz F, Rohde W, Plagemann A, Lindner R, Peters H, Ghanaati Z (2001). Genetic and Epigenetic Effects on Sexual Brain Organization Mediated by Sex Hormones. Neuroendocrinology Letters, 22(6). Download Page: PDF Download. - Table of Contents for Issue # 6.
 
ABSTRACT
Dowsett, Gary (1994). Working-Class Homosexuality, Gay Community, and the Masculine Sexual (Dis)Order. Revue Sexologique, 2(2). Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Dunne MP, Bailey JM, Kirk KM, Martin NG (2000). The subtlety of sex-atypicality. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 29(6): 549-65.
 
ABSTRACT
DuPree MG, Mustanski BS, Bocklandt S, Nievergelt C, Hamer DH (2004). A candidate gene study of CYP19 (aromatase) and male sexual orientation. Behavior Genetics, 34(3): 243-50.

ABSTRACT
Elliot P (2001). A Psychoanalytic Reading of Transsexual Embodiment. Studies in Gender and Sexuality, 2(4): 295-325. Ingenta.com Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Ellis L. Ficek C (2001). Color preferences according to gender and sexual orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 31(8): 1375-1379.

ABSTRACT
Escoffier J (2003). Gay-for-Pay: Straight Men and the Making of Gay Pornography: Sex and Sociology: Sociological Studies of Sexuality, 1910-1978. Qualitative Sociology, 26(4): 531-555.
 
ABSTRACT
Evaldsson A-C (2003). Throwing Like a Girl?: Situating Gender Differences in Physicality Across Game Contexts. Childhood, 10(4): 475-497.
 
ABSTRACT
Eyre SL, de Guzman R, Donovan AA, Boissiere C (2004). ‘Hormones is not magic wands’: Ethnography of a Transgender scene in Oakland, California. Ethnography, 5(2): 147-172.
 
ABSTRACT
Ferguson K (1997). How Peoples Get Made: Race, Performance, Judgment. Theory & Event 1(3). Full Text N/A, Replaced by Excerpt.
 
ABSTRACT
FitzGerald WA (2000). Explaining the variety of human sexuality. Medical Hypotheses, 55(5): 435-439. Full Text: PDF Download N/A.
 
ABSTRACT
Ford NJ, Vieira EM, Villela WV (2003). Beyond stereotypes of Brazilian male sexuality: qualitative and quantitative findings from São Paulo, Brazil. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 5(1): 53-69. Résumé. Extract.
 
ABSTRACT
Frommer MS (2000). Offending Gender: Being and Wanting in Male Same-Sex Desire. Studies in Gender and Sexuality, 1(2): 191-191.
 
ABSTRACT
Gabard DL (1999). Homosexuality and the human genome project: private and public choices. Journal of Homosexality, 37(1): 25-51.
 
ABSTRACT
Garnets LD, Peplau AP (2000). Understanding Women's Sexualities and Sexual Orientations: An Introduction. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 181-192. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Gatherer, Derek (2001). Modelling the effects of memetic taboos on genetic homosexuality. Journal of Memetics - Evolutionary Models of Information Transmission, 4. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Godelier M (2003). What is a Sexual Act? Anthropological Theory, 3(2): 179-198.
 
ABSTRACT
Gomes CA (2000). True Nature: A Theory of Human Sexual Evolution. Part 1. Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association, 4(1): 19-29. Full Text. Abstract. Author Website.

ABSTRACT
Gomes CA (2000). True Nature: A Theory of Human Sexual Evolution. Part 2-4. Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association, 4(2): 57-83. Full Text: Parts 2, 3, 4. Abstract. Author Website.
 
ABSTRACT
Gonsiorek J, et al. (1995). Definition and Measurement of Sexual Orientation. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 25 (Suppl), 40-51.

ABSTRACT
Goodman RE (1997). Understanding human sexuality - specifically homosexuality and the paraphilias - in terms of chaos theory and fetal development. Medical Hypotheseses, 48(3):237-43.
 
ABSTRACT
Gottlieb G. (1995). Some Conceptual Deficiencies in "Developmental" Behavior Genetics. Human Development, 38(3), 131-41.
 
ABSTRACT
Gottschalk L (2003). Same-sex Sexuality and Childhood Gender Non-conformity: a spurious connection. Journal of Gender Studies, 12(1): 35-50. Related. Full Text.

ABSTRACT
Gottschalk L (2003). From Gender Inversion to Choice and Back: Changing Perceptions of the Aetiology of Lesbianism Over Three Historical Periods. Women's Studies International Forum, 26(3): 221-233.
 
ABSTRACT
Greenberg AS, Bailey JM (2001). Parental Selection of Children's Sexual Orientation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 30(4): 423-437.
 
ABSTRACT
Guo J (2002). When do Chinese girls order boys around?: Culture and context in gender differences in communicative strategies by 5-year-old Mandarin-speaking children. Journal of Asian Pacific Communication, 12(2): 185-216.
 
ABSTRACT
Hall JA, Kimura D (1994). Dermatoglyphic asymmetry and sexual orientation in men. Behavioral Neuroscience, 108(6), 1203-1206. Full Text
 
ABSTRACT
Hall, Lynn S (2000). Dermatoglyphic Analysis of Total Finger Ridge Count in Female Monozygotic Twins Discordant for Sexual Orientation. Journal of Sex Research, 37(4): 315-20. Full Text. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)
 
ABSTRACT
Hall LS, Love CT (2003). Finger-Length Ratios in Female Monozygotic Twins Discordant for Sexual Orientation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32(1): 23-28.
 
ABSTRACT
Halpern DF, Cass M (1994). Laterality, sexual orientation, and immune system functioning: is there a relationship? International Journal of Neuroscience, 77(3-4), 167-80.
 
ABSTRACT
Hamer DH, Hu S, Magnuson VL, Hu N, and Pattatucci AM (1993). A linkage between DNA markers on the X chromosome and male sexual orientation. Science, 261(5119), 321-327.
 
ABSTRACT
Hammermeister K (1995). Nietzsche’s knights, the third sex, and other inventions. PH.D. Thesis, University of Virginia, DAI, Vol. 56: 4A, p. 1376, 239 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Harrison PJ, Everall IP, Catalan J. (1994). Is homosexual behaviour hard-wired? Sexual orientation and brain structure. Psychological Medicine, 24(4), 811-6. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Haslam, N. (1997). Evidence that male sexual orientation is a matter of degree. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(4), 862-70.
 
ABSTRACT
Hegarty P, Pratto F (2004). The Differences That Norms Make: Empiricism, Social Constructionism, and the Interpretation of Group Differences. Sex Roles, 50(7/8): 445-453.
 
ABSTRACT
Holtzen DW (1994). Handedness and sexual orientation. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Newrupsychology, 16(5), 702-12. Handedness and sexual orientation (Wikipedia). 
 
ABSTRACT
Hopkins PD (1996). 'Nature', technology, and morality. PH.D. Thesis, Washington State University, DAI, Vol. 57/09A, p. 3972, 194 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Horowitz, Stephen M (2001). Differences between sexual orientation behavior groups and social background, quality of life, and health behaviors. Journal of Sex Research, 38(3): 205-18. Full Text (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)
 
ABSTRACT
Horvath CD (1999). Measuring Gender. Biology and Philosophy, 14(4): 505-519.
 
ABSTRACT
Hostetler AJ, Herdt GH (1998). Culture, sexual lifeways, and developmental subjectivities: rethinking sexual taxonomies. Social Research, 65(2): 249-91. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
James S, Carter RA, Orwin A. (1977). Significance of androgen levels in the aetiology and treatment of homosexuality. Psychological Medicine, 7(3), 427-9.
 
ABSTRACT
James WH (2001). Finger-length Ratios, Sexual Orientation and Offspring Sex Ratios. Journal of Theoretical Biology,212(3): 273-274. Full Text: PDF Download N/A.
 
ABSTRACT
Jewitt, C. (1997). 'Images of Men: Male Sexuality in Sexual Health Leaflets and Posters for Young People'. Sociological Research Online, 2(2). Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Jolly S (2000). 'Queering' development: Exploring the links between same-sex sexualities, gender, and development. Gender and Development, 8(1): 78-88.
 
ABSTRACT
Kamin LJ, Goldberger AS (2002)Twin Studies in Behavioral Research: A Skeptical View. Theoretical Population Biology, 61(1): 83-95. Full Text: PDF Download N/A.
 
ABSTRACT
Kendler KS, Thornton LM, Gilman SE, Kessler RC (2000). Sexual orientation in a U.S. national sample of twin and nontwin sibling pairs. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157(11):1843-6. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Kirk KM, Bailey JM, Dunne MP, Martin NG (2000). Measurement models for sexual orientation in a community twin sample. Behavior Genetics, 30(4): 345-56.
 
ABSTRACT
Kirk KM, Bailey JM, Martin NG (2000). Etiology of male sexual orientation in an Australian twin sample. Psychology, Evolution and Gender, 2(3): 301-311. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Kopelson, Karen (2002). Dis/Integrating the Gay/Queer Binary: “Reconstructed Identity Politics” for a Performative Pedagogy. College English, 65(1): 17-35. PDF Download N/A. Excerpt. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Krieger N, Sidney S. (1997). Prevalence and health implications of anti-gay discrimination: a study of black and white women and men in the CARDIA cohort. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults. International Journal of Health Services, 27(1), 157-76.
 
ABSTRACT
Lasco MS, Jordan TJ, Edgar MA, Petito CK, Byne W (2002). A lack of dimorphism of sex or sexual orientation in the human anterior commissure. Brain Research, 936 (1/2): 95-8.
 
ABSTRACT
Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual (LGB) Youth Sexual Orientation Measurement Work Group (2003). Measuring Sexual Orientation of Young People in Health Research. Report from the April 2001Scientific Workshop to Measure Health Concerns of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
LeVay S (1991). A difference in hypothalamic structure between heterosexual and homosexual men. Science, 253(5023), 1034-1037. Full Text. - Research result summary. (Must scroll down page to locate information. Automatic Download of File to open in browser or: Simply chose your browser to open file that is in HTML).
 
ABSTRACT
Lippa RA (2003). Handedness, sexual orientation, and gender-related personality traits in men and women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32(2): 103-14.
 
ABSTRACT
Lippa RA (2002). Gender-related traits of heterosexual and homosexual men and women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(1): 83-98.
 
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Lippa RA (2001). On Deconstructing and Reconstructing Masculinity-Femininity. Journal of Research in Personality, 35(2): 168-207.
 
ABSTRACT
Loehlin JC, McFadden D (2003). Otoacoustic Emissions, Auditory Evoked Potentials, and Traits Related to Sex and Sexual Orientation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32(2): 115-127.

ABSTRACT
Lussier M (1999). Eroticism and language. Evolution Psychiatrique, 64(1): 29-41.

ABSTRACT
MacIntyre F, Estep KW (1993). Sperm competition and the persistence of genes for male homosexuality. Biosystems, 31(2-3), 223-33. 
 
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Mahalingam,R. (2003). Essentialism, culture, and beliefs about gender among the Aruvanis of Tamil Nadu, India. Sex Roles, 49, 9/10, 489-496. Ingenta.com Abstract. Full Text N/A.
 
ABSTRACT
Malcolm J P (2000). Sexual identity development in behaviourally bisexual married men: Implications for essentialist theories of sexual orientation. Psychology, Evolution and Gender, 2(3): 263-299.
 
ABSTRACT
Mays VM, Cochran SD (1998). Kinsey and Male Homosexuality in the African-American Population: A Question of Fit. In Plummer, K. (Ed.). Sexualities: Studies in Culture and Society: 98-100. London: Sage. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
McConaghy N, Buhrich N, Silove D (1994). Opposite sex-linked behaviors and homosexual feelings in the predominantly heterosexual male majority. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23(5), 565-77.
 
ABSTRACT
McFadden D, Pasanen EG (1999). Spontaneous otoacoustic emissions in heterosexuals, homosexuals, and bisexuals.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 105(4), 2403-13. 
 
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McFadden D, Shubel E (2002). Relative Lengths of Fingers and Toes in Human Males and Females. Hormones and Behavior, 42(4): 492-500.
 
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McLelland M (2002). The Newhalf Net: Japan's “Intermediate Sex” On-Line. International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies, 7(2/3): 163-175.

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McKenna KYA, et al. (2001). Demarginalizing the sexual self. Journal of Sex Research. Full Text. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
McKnight J, Malcolm J (2000). Is male homosexuality maternally linked? Psychology, Evolution and Gender, 2(3): 229-252.
 
ABSTRACT
Meijer H (1993). Can seduction make straight men gay? Journal of Homosexuality, 24(3-4), 125-36. Journal of Homosexuality, 24(3-4), 125-36.

ABSTRACT
Meyer-Bahlburg, Heino FL, et al. (1995). Prenatal Estrogens and the Development of Homosexual Orientation. Developmental Psychology, 31(1), 12-21.
 
ABSTRACT
Michaels, SM (1997). Queer counts: the sociological construction of homosexuality via survey research.  PH.D. Thesis, The University of Chicago, DAI, Vol. 58:07A, p. 2855, 193 pages.
 
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Mohr RD (1995). The Perils of Postmodernism. The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review, Fall, 9-13. - Full text.
 
ABSTRACT
Money J (1999). New phylism theory and the homosexualization of the visualization of lust. Medical Hypotheses, 53(3): 221-223.
 
ABSTRACT
Moreaux SE (1994). Biological orientation or a matter of preference? A study exploring the attitudes of lesbians about their erotic/affectional attractions. M.S.W. Thesis, California State University, Long Beach, MAI, 32:02, p. 494, 87 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Mubarak D (2001). Why we are gay? (Everybody has an idea: It's genetics--we're born that way. It's our mothers and testosterone in the womb. It's the environment as we were growing up....). The Advocate, July 17. 13 pages. Full Text N/A.
 
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Mucciaroni G, Killian ML (2004). Immutability, science, and legislative debate over gay, lesbian and bisexual rights. Journal of Homosexuality, 47(1): 53-77.
 
ABSTRACT
Muehlenhard CL (2000). Categories and Sexuality.(Review) Journal of Sex Research, 37(2): 101-07. Full Text. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)
 
ABSTRACT
Mumford KJ (1996). Race, Cultural Geography, and the Emergence of the Gay. American Quarterly 48(3), 395-414. Full Text. Subscription needed.
 
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Muòoz-Laboy MA (2004). Beyond ‘MSM’: Sexual Desire among Bisexually-Active Latino Men in New York City. Sexualities, 7(1): 55-80. 
 
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Munsey, David (1997). The Love That Need Not Name its Speaker. National Journal of Sexual Orientation Law, 2(1).  Full Text. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Muscarella F (2000). The evolution of homoerotic behavior in humans. Journal of Homosexuality, 40(1): 51-77.

ABSTRACT
Muscarella F (1999). The homoerotic behavior that never evolved. Journal of Homosexuality, 37(3): 1-18.
 
ABSTRACT
Muscarella F, Fink B*, Grammer K*, Michael Kirk-Smith M (2001). Homosexual Orientation in Males: Evolutionary and Ethological Aspects. Neuroendocrinology Letters, 22(6). Full Text. PDF Download. - Alternate PDF Download - Table of Contents for Issue # 6.
 
ABSTRACT
Mustanski BS, Chivers ML, Bailey JM (2002). A critical review of recent biological research on human sexual orientation. Annual Review of Sex Research, 13:89-140. PDF Download. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Narring F, Stronski Huwiler SM, Michaud PA (2003). Prevalence and dimensions of sexual orientation in Swiss adolescents: a cross-sectional survey of 16 to 20-year-old students. Acta Paediatrica, 92(2): 233-9.
 
ABSTRACT
Nierenberg O (1998). A Hunger for Science:  Psychoanalysis and the "Gay Gene." differences, 10(1). Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Nierenberg O (1997). The 'science' of homosexuality: a psychoanalytic critique. PH.D. Thesis, Adelphi University, The Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies, DAI, Vol. 58: 08A, p. 3282, 433 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Norton R (1997). Some fallacies of social constructionism. Edited extracts from The Myth of the Modern Homosexual. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Pattatucci AM (1998). Molecular investigations into complex behavior: lessons from sexual orientation studies. Human Biology, 70(2): 367-86. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Pattatucci AM, Hamer DH (1995). Development and familiality of sexual orientation in females. Behavior Genetics, 25(5), 407-20.
 
ABSTRACT
Peplau LA (2003). Human sexuality: how do men and women differ? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12(2): 37-40. Full Text.

ABSTRACT
Peplau LA, Cochran SD (1990). A Relationship Perspective on Homosexuality. In D.P. McWhirter, S.A. Sanders & J.M. Reinisch (Eds.). Homosexuality/heterosexuality: Concepts of Sexual Orientation: 321-49.. New York: Oxford. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.
 
ABSTRACT
Peplau LA, Garnets LD (2000). A New Paradigm for Understanding Women's Sexuality and Sexual Orientation. Journal of Social Issues,  56(2): 330-350. Full Text. PDF Download. Download Page.
 
ABSTRACT
Petersen A (1999). The Portrayal of Research into Genetic-Based Differences of Sex and Sexual Orientation: A Study of "Popular" Science Journals, 1980 to 1997. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 23(2): 163-182.
 
ABSTRACT
Phillips G, Over R (1992). Adult sexual orientation in relation to memories of childhood gender conforming and gender nonconforming behaviors. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 21(6), 543-58. 
 
ABSTRACT
Pieterse S (1993). Dysfunctional education as cause of homosexuality. Master's Thesis, University of Pretoria, Afrikaans Texts, MAI, Vol. 32:02, p. 414.
 
ABSTRACT
Pillard RC (1998). Biologic Theories of Homosexuality. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy, 2(2), 75-85.
 
ABSTRACT
Plummer K (2003). Queers, Bodies and Postmodern Sexualities: A Note on Revisiting the “Sexual” in Symbolic Interactionism: Sex and Sociology: Sociological Studies of Sexuality, 1910-1978. Qualitative Sociology, 26(4): 515-530.

ABSTRACT
Pollard I (1996). Preconceptual Programming and Sexual Orientation: a Hypothesis. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 179(3): 269-273. Full Text N/A: PDF Download,
 
ABSTRACT
Prestage, Garrett (2002). Investigating sexuality: a personal review of homosexual behaviour, identities and subcultures in social research. PhD Thesis, Philosophy, University of New South Wales. Download Page: Title, Contents, Abstract. Chapters 1-7, Bibliography, Appendices Download Page: Title, Contents, Abstract. Chapters 1-7, Bibliography, Appendices.
 
ABSTRACT
Quinsey VL (2003). The etiology of anomalous sexual preferences in men. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 105-17; discussion 144-53.
 
ABSTRACT
Rahman Q, Wilson GD (2003). Born gay? The psychobiology of human sexual orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 34(8):1337-1382. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Reed M.T (2001). Historicizing inversion: or, how to make a homosexual. History of the Human Sciences, 14(4): 1-29.

ABSTRACT
Remafedi G, Resnick M, Blum R, Harris L (1992). Demography of Sexual Orientation in Adolescents. Pediatrics, 89: 714-721. PDF Download. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Richters, Juliet (2001). The Social Construction of Sexual Practice: Setting Sexual Culture and the Body in Casual Sex Between Men. PhD Thesis, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Sidney. PDF Downloads (Download Page): Title, Abstract, Contents. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Appendix 1. Appendix 2. Bibliography.
 
ABSTRACT
Roen K (2001). Transgender Theory and Embodiment: the risk of racial marginalisation. Journal of Gender Studies, 10(3): 253-263. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Rosario, VA (2002). Science and Sexual Identity: An Essay Review. Journal of the History of Medicine and Alllied Sciences, 57(1): 79-85. Download Page N/A: PDF Download N/A. Related.
 
ABSTRACT
Ross MW, Paul JP (1992). Beyond gender: the basis of sexual attraction in bisexual men and women. Psychological Reports, 3 Pt 2, 1283-90. 
 
ABSTRACT
Rothblum AD (2000). Sexual Orientation and Sex in Women's Lives: Conceptual and Methodological Issues. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 193-204. PDF Download. Download Page. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Rust, Paula C. Rodriguez (2000). Bisexuality: A Contemporary Paradox for Women. Journal of Social Issues,  56(2): 205-221. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Saewyc EM, Skay CL, Bearinger LH, Blum RW, Resnick MD (1998). Demographics of sexual orientation among American-Indian adolescents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 68(4): 590-600. PDF Download.  PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Safir MP, Rosenmann A, Kloner O (2003). Tomboyism, Sexual Orientation, and Adult Gender Roles Among Israeli Women. Sex Roles, 48(9/10): 401-410. Ingenta.com Abstract. Full Text N/A. Excerpt.
 
ABSTRACT
Scasta D (1998). Historical Perspectives on Homosexuality.  Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy, 2(2), 3-17.
 
ABSTRACT
Sedlacek WE, Kim, SH (1996). Survey Terminology Related to Sexual Orientation: Does It Matter? Report No. 12-96. Download Page. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Sell RL (1997). Defining and Measuring Sexual Orientation: A Review. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 26(6): 643-658. Excerpt. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Sell RL, Petrulio C (1996). Sampling homosexuals, bisexuals, gays, and lesbians for public health research: a review of the literature from 1990 to 1992. Journal of Homosexuality, 30(4), 31-47.
 
ABSTRACT
Schneider BE, Mardi PM, Gagnon J, Simon W (1999). John H. Gagnon and William Simon's Sexual Conduct: The Social Sources of Human Sexuality : A 25th Anniversary Retrospective by the Authors. Sexualities, 2(1), 113-.
 
ABSTRACT
Simon W, Gagnon JH (2003). Sexual Scripts: Origins, Influences and Changes: Sex and Sociology: Sociological Studies of Sexuality, 1910-1978. Qualitative Sociology, 26(4): 491-497.
 
ABSTRACT
Sinnott M (2000). The semiotics of transgendered sexual identity in the Thai print media: imagery and discourse of the sexual other. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 2(4): 425-440.
 
ABSTRACT
Sloman S, Malt B (2003). Artifacts are not ascribed essences, nor are they treated as belonging to kinds. Language and Cognitive Processes, 18(5/6): 563-582.  PDF Download. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Smith, Tom W (1998). American Sexual Behavior: Trends, Socio-Demographic Differences, and Risk Behavior. National Opinion Research Center University of Chicago. GSS Topical Report No. 25. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Snyder PJ, Weinrich JD, Pillard RC (1994). Personality and lipid level differences associated with homosexual and bisexual identity in men. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23(4):433-51. 
 
ABSTRACT
Socarides CW (1992). Sexual Politics And  Scientific Logic: The Issue Of Homosexuality. The Journal of Psychohistory, 19(3). Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Spiering M, Everaerd W, Janssen E (2003). Priming the sexual system: implicit versus explicit activation. Journal of Sex Research, 40(2): 134-45. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Spitzer RL (2003). Can Some Gay Men and Lesbians Change Their Sexual Orientation? 200 Participants Reporting a Change from Homosexual to Heterosexual Orientation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32(5): 403-417.

ABSTRACT
Stein TS (1998). Social Constructionism and Essentialism: Theoretical and Clinical Considerations Relevant to Psychotherapy.  Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy, 2(2), 29-49.
 
ABSTRACT
Strautin AL (1992). Male and Female Homosexuality: A Review of Differential Factors in Etiology and Implications for Treatment. Doctoral research paper, Biola University, 113 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Swaab DF, Chung WCJ, Kruijver FPM, Hofman MA, Ishunina TA (2001). Structural and Functional Sex Differences in the Human Hypothalamus. Hormones and Behavior, 40(2): 93-98. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Thorp J (1992). The social construction of homosexuality (Review article/ discussion). Phoenix, 46(1), 54-65. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Traeen, Bente (2002). Sexual diversity in urban Norwegians. Journal of Sex Research, 39(4): 249-58. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
van Griensven F, Kilmarx PH, Jeeyapant S, Manopaiboon C, Korattana S, Jenkins RA, Uthaivoravit W, Limpakarnjanarat K, Mastro TD (2004). The prevalence of bisexual and homosexual orientation and related health risks among adolescents in northern Thailand. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 33(2): 137-47.
 
ABSTRACT
Veniegas RC, Conley TD (2000). Biological Research on Women's Sexual Orientations: Evaluating the Scientific Evidence. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 267-282 . Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Vasey PL (2002). Sexual Partner Preference in Female Japanese Macaques. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(1): 51-62. 
 
ABSTRACT
Warren CAB (2003). Sex and Gender in the 1970s: Sex and Sociology: Sociological Studies of Sexuality, 1910-1978. Qualitative Sociology, 26(4): 499-513.

ABSTRACT
Weeks J (1998). The 'Homosexual Role' After 30 Years : An Appreciation of the Work of Mary McIntosh  Sexualities, 1(2), 131-152.
 
ABSTRACT
Wegesin DJ (1998). Event-Related Potentials in Homosexual and Heterosexual Men and Women: Sex-Dimorphic Patterns in Verbal Asymmetries and Mental Rotation. Brain and Cognition, 36(1): 73-92. Full Text: PDF Download N/A.
 
ABSTRACT
Weinrich JD, Snyder PJ, Pillard RC, Grant I, Jacobson DL, Robinson SR, McCutchan JA (1993). A factor analysis of the Klein sexual orientation grid in two disparate samples. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22(2), 157-68. 

ABSTRACT
Werner Dennis (1998). Sobre a evolução e variação cultural na homossexualidade masculina. In Joana Maria Pedro e Miriam Pillar Grossi (orgs). Masculino, Feminino Plural. Florianópolis: ed. Mulheres, 99-129. Internet Availability of the English translation of "On the Evolution and Cross-Cultural Variation in Male Homosexuality."  Full Text.  Full Text. New Home Page.
 
ABSTRACT
Whitam FL (1980). The prehomosexual male child in three societies: the United States, Guatemala, Brazil. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 9(2), 87-99.

ABSTRACT
Wilson M (2002). 'I am the Prince of Pain, for I am a Princess in the Brain': Liminal Transgender Identities, Narratives and the Elimination of Ambiguities. Sexualities, 5(4): 425-448.
 
ABSTRACT
Young-Bruehl E (2001). Are Human Beings "By Nature" Bisexual? Studies in Gender and Sexuality, 2(3): 179-213.
 
ABSTRACT
Young IM (2002). Lived Body vs Gender: Reflections on Social Structure and Subjectivity. Ratio, 15(4): 410-428.
 
ABSTRACT
Zucker KJ, Blanchard R (2003). Birth order in the fakafefine. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 29(4): 251-3. Ingenta.com Abstract.



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The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
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ABSTRACTS/HIGHLIGHTS: Papers, Articles, & Books

Bailey JM, Gaulin S, Agyei Y, Gladue BA (1994). Effects of gender and sexual orientation on evolutionarily relevant aspects of human mating psychology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(6), 1081-93.

Abstract by authors: Sexual selection theory provides a powerful model for the analysis of psychological sex differences. This research examined (a) tests of several sex differences in mating psychology predicted from sexual selection theory, (b) broad developmental hypotheses about sex differences in mating psychology - through the relationship of mating psychology to sexual orientation, and (c) the structure of within-sex differences in mating psychology. Scales measuring aspects of mating psychology were administered to heterosexual and homosexual Ss of both sexes. The structure of scale intercorrelations was similar across groups. All scales yielded sex differences consistent with sexual selection theory. Homosexual Ss generally obtained scores similar to those of same-sex heterosexual Ss, though several scales were significantly related to sexual orientation. Findings constrain hypotheses concerning the origins of sex differences. (Abstract reprinted by permission of The American Psychological Association.)

Blackwood E, Ed. (1986). The Many Faces of Homosexuality: Anthropological Approaches to Homosexual Behavior. Haworth Press, New York. Also published in the Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 11 (3-4), 1985. Access the full references & links to abstracts for the papers listed below.

List of Papers:  "Mummies and babies" and friends and lovers in Lesotho. - The lesbian community: an anthropological approach. - Sisters and brothers, lovers and enemies: marriage resistance in southern Kwangtung. - The hijras of India: cultural and individual dimensions of an institutionalized third gender role. - Persistence and change in the berdache tradition among contemporary Lakota Indians. - Age, structure, and sexuality: reflections on the anthropological evidence on homosexual  - Why was the berdache ridiculed? - Men and not-men: male gender-mixing statuses and homosexuality. - Male homosexuality and spirit possession in Brazil. - Mexican male homosexual interaction in public contexts. - Breaking the mirror: the construction of lesbianism and the anthropological discourse on homosexuality. - Growing yams and men: an interpretation of Kimam male ritualized homosexual behavior. - Masculinity, femininity, and homosexuality: on the anthropological interpretation of sexual meanings in Brazil.

Blanchard R, Zucher KJ (1994). Reanalysis of Bell, Weinberg, and Hammersmith's data on birth order, sibling sex ratio, and parental age in homosexual men. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151(9), 1375-6.

Research Highlights: The results confirmed previous findings that gay males are later births, but not the finding that they have more brothers than heterosexual males.
 

Bogaert AF (1998). Physical development and sexual orientation in women: height, weight, and ages of puberty comparisons. Personality and Individual Differences, 24(1), 115-121.

Research Highlights:

The Kinsey data (obtained from 1938 to 1963) on nondelinquent homosexual (n = 275) and heterosexual women (n = 5,201) was analysed to determine height, weight, and age of puberty differences. The age of puberty was similar, but lesbians reported being taller and heavier than heterosexual women, thus supporting the postulation that lesbian may be more like men with respect to some physical attributes.
 

Bogaert AF, Bezeau S, Kuban M, Blanchard R (1997). Pedophilia, sexual orientation, and birth order. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106(2), 331-5.

Abstract by authors: This study extended research on birth order and erotic preferences by
examining birth order in a sample of pedophiles. Charts of 338 pedophiles, assessed from 1980-1994 in the Behavioural Sexology Department of the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry in Toronto, were reviewed for family-demographic information. In total, 170 (57 heterosexual pedophiles, 68 homosexual pedophiles, and 45 bisexual pedophiles) of these men had sufficient sibling information to be included in the analyses. The results indicated that homosexual-bisexual pedophiles had a later birth order than heterosexual pedophiles and that this effect was primarily the result of the homosexual-bisexual group being born later among their brothers. The results extend previous findings that homosexual men, regardless of sample composition, have a later birth order than comparable groups of heterosexual men. The results also challenge some existing theories on the nature and origins of pedophilia. (Abstract reprinted by permission of The American Psychological Association.)
 

Bogaert AF, Blanchard R (1996). Handedness in homosexual and heterosexual men in the Kinsey interview data. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 25(4), 373-8.

Research Highlights: Some researchers have reported that homosexual males are disproportionately compared to heterosexual males. The analysis of the Kinsey data, however, did not confirm this, For both groups rates of non-right-handedness was normal at 11-12 percent.

DeCecco, JP, and Elia JP, Eds. (1993). If You Seduce a Straight Person, Can You Make them Gay? Issues in Biological Essentialism Versus Constructionism in Gay and Lesbian Identities. Haworth Press, New York. Also published in the Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 24 (3-4), 1993. All Abstracts. Google Books. Amazon.

List of Papers:  The construction of identities as a means of survival: case of gay and lesbian teachers. - The social construction of homosexuals in the nineteenth century: the shift from the sin to the influence of medicine on criminalizing sodomy in Germany. - Reproductive strategies and gender construction: an evolutionary view of homosexualities. - Childhood cross-gender behavior and adult homosexuality: the resurgence of biological models of sexuality. - Essentialism, which essentialism? Some implications of reproductive and genetic techno-science. - The mineshaft: a retrospective ethnography. - Invertidos sexuales, tortilleras, and maricas machos: the construction of homosexuality in Buenos Aires, Argentina. - In Nicaragua: homosexuality without a gay world. - Homosexuality and police terror in Turkey. - Mati-ism and black lesbianism: two idealtypical expressions of female homosexuality in black communities of the Diaspora. - The Freudian construction of sexuality: the gay foundations of heterosexuality and straight homophobia. - Can seduction make straight men gay? - Homosexuality and marriage. - Gay fathers in straight marriages. - A critique and synthesis of biological essentialism and social constructionist views of sexuality and gender. - Political-economic construction of gay male clone identity.

Haslam, N (1997). Evidence that male sexual orientation is a matter of degree. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(4), 862-70.

Abstract by author: Whether male sexual orientation is best represented by discrete categories or by a continuum has been the focus of much debate. These alternatives were compared in an analysis of 1,138 men’s scores on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Masculinity-Femininity Scale, an established correlate of male sexual orientation. Mixtures of 2 or 3 latent distributions did not fit the observed distribution of scores better than a single normal distribution, suggesting that the latent variable underlying male sexual orientation is not discrete. Additional taxometric analyses provided convergent support for continuity. The findings were inconsistent with accounts of male sexual orientation that invoke single preponderant causes, whether genetic or environmental, and call some forms of taxonomic theorizing about sexual orientation into question. (Abstract reprinted by permission of The American Psychological Association.)
 

James S, Carter RA, and Orwin A (1977). Significance of androgen levels in the aetiology and treatment of homosexuality. Psychological Medicine, 7(3), 427-9.

Abstract by authors: Serum total androgens were estimated by radioimmunoassay on blood samples of treatment-seeking homosexuals and heterosexual controls. There was no significant difference in androgen levels between the homosexual and control group, nor was there any relationship between androgen levels and response to treatment. These results suggest that androgen levels have no aetiological significance in treatment-seeking homosexuals and have no relevance as indicators of treatment outcome. (Abstract reprinted by permission of the American Psychological Association.)
 

Krieger N, Sidney S. (1997).  Prevalence and health implications of anti-gay discrimination: a study of black and white women and men in the CARDIA cohort. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults. International Journal of Health Services, 27(1), 157-76.

Abstract by authors: This study investigates the prevalence of self-reported experiences of discrimination based on sexual orientation among black and white women and men (25 to 37 years old) who are members of CARDIA, a multisite longitudinal study of cardiovascular risk factors. Among the 1,724 participants who responded to a 1989 questionnaire obtaining data on lifetime number of sexual partners and who participated in the Year 7 exam (1992-1993), which included questions about discrimination, 204 (12 percent) reported having at least one same-sex sexual partner: 27 (7 percent) of the 412 black women, 13 (6 percent) of the 221 black men, 87 (14 percent) of the 619 white women, and 77 (16 percent) of the 472 white men. Among these four groups, 33, 39, 52, and 56 percent, respectively, reported having experience discrimination based on sexual orientation. Additionally, 85 percent of black women and 77 percent of the black men reported having experienced racial discrimination, and 89 percent of the black women and 88 percent of the white women reported having experience gender discrimination. In the light of research associating negative stressors with poor health outcomes, including elevated blood pressure, future studies should assess public health implications of discrimination based on sexual orientation, in conjunction with racial and gender discrimination. (Abstract reprinted by permission of  The International Journal of Health Services, Baywood Publishing Co. Inc..)



ABSTRACTS: Ph.D & Master's Theses

Bailey, JM. (1989). A test of the maternal stress hypothesis for human male homosexuality. PH.D. Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, DAI, Vol. 50: 10B, p. 4761, 185 pages.

Abstract by author: Recent evidence implicates a biological, and particularly, a neurohormonal role for the etiology of human male homosexuality. In contrast to most other traits, however, there is a priori reason to doubt high heritability of differences in sexual orientation, due to the presumed selective disadvantage of homosexuality. The discovery that prenatal stress behaviorally feminizes male offspring in rats has been of great interest as a plausible environmental model which could account for the neural feminization required by the neurohormonal theory of male homosexuality.  Evidence exists suggesting a strong maternal stress effect for human male homosexuality; however, this evidence is methodologically flawed.

The maternal stress hypothesis was tested using mothers’ retrospective reports of events during pregnancy.  Such reports were obtained from 83 mothers of nonheterosexual males (Kinsey Fantasy Scores >3; 72 of these subjects were Kinsey 5s or 6s.), 60 mothers of heterosexual males (Kinsey Fantasy scores <3), 53 mothers of heterosexual females, and 19 mothers of female nonheterosexuals. A within-family analysis was also done, as mothers also rated stress for their pregnancies with heterosexual siblings of subjects.

Results of both between-family and within-family analyses were consistently negative for males. Unexpectedly, however, there was a significant correlation between sexual orientation and prenatal stress for females, with mothers of nonheterosexual females reporting greater stress. An additional analysis of maternal stress-proneness provided some support for a modified maternal stress hypothesis:

Stress-proneness in mothers (measured by personality scales) correlated positively and significantly with childhood effeminacy of male offspring. This correlation was negligible for females. While not disproving the maternal stress hypothesis, results of this study are not consistent with a strong effect of maternal stress on male sexual orientation. Because male homosexuality appears to be strongly familial, it is recommended that genetic explanations should be pursued more vigorously.

Publication No.   9005525
 

Hammermeister K (1995) Nietzsche’s knights, the third sex, and other inventions. PH.D. Thesis, University of Virginia, DAI, Vol. 56: 4A, p. 1376, 239 pages.

Abstract by author: The way a society speaks about its different groups and sub-groups determines its general behavior toward them. Discriminated minorities oftentimes suffer from humiliating descriptions, and part of their project to change societal attitudes will evolve around the attempt to redescribe themselves in terms more acceptable to them. Advancing from these considerations, I examine the rhetoric of the emerging discourse of homosexuality between 1880 and 1920. During this time period the homosexual was invented as a new personality type, a being almost totally determined in all of his expressions by his sexual desire. Different professions like law, medicine, sociology, psychiatry, literature, and philosophy attempted to define this novel species. And they all converged in one aspect, namely in their rhetorical attitude.

The writings of people like Nietzsche, Krafft-Ebing, Proust, Symonds, Gide, and Mann share the common feature of diagnosing a vital and important difference between the homosexual person and her heterosexual fellow citizen. This rhetoric of emphasizing the dividing features between desires I call maximalism. The invention of the homosexual as a person occurred under the reign of maximalizing ways of writing. It was, however, widely disputed where exactly the relevant difference between homosexuals and heterosexuals was to be located, whether in anatomico-biological variations, in an overabundance or lack of masculine determinants, in psychological dispositions, or an exceeding portion of courage, intelligence, and creativity. Equally problematic was the valuation of this difference. But one thing was easily agreed upon: the description of the homosexual had to follow a maximalizing pattern.

I trace this pattern from its first precursory appearance in the Marquis de Sade to its breakdown in the psychoanalytic texts by Sigmund Freud. The shattering of this mode of thinking, though, has not been final, since in some of the rhetoric of ‘Queer Studies’ it has reemerged. Family resemblances often appear most striking when one looks back past the parents. Our contemporaries bear their grandparents’ smile.

Publication No 9525119
 

Hopkins PD (1996). 'Nature', technology, and morality. PH.D. Thesis, Washington State University, DAI, Vol. 57/09A, p. 3972, 194 pages.

Abstract by author: In this dissertation I examine how the concept of ‘nature’ and its oppositions, ‘unnatural’ and ‘artificial’, shape ethical debates concerning technology, science, and the human condition. Investigating these concepts is important for two reasons: first, the category of ‘nature’ is widely and effectively, though often subtly, employed in ethical analysis; second, recent scholarship has shed doubt on whether the category of ‘nature’ and the distinctions between it and its oppositions are sound. My thesis is that the category of ‘nature’ is inconsistently applied and the sharp distinction between it and its oppositions is unsound, unless the distinctions are construed so narrowly as to risk being arbitrary and irrelevant. Moral debates which appeal to them, then, rely on a conceptual mistake.

In this dissertation I focus on three specific moral issues: (1) Reproductive technology: Some feminists criticize male-dominated society for using ‘artificial’ means to co-opt women’s ‘natural’ procreative ability, and admonish women to reject technology in favor of ‘natural’ childbirth and to reassert their essential femaleness. I argue that ‘natural’ childbirth is itself a technological practice and the desire for ‘natural’ childbirth the result of traditional, cultural ideals of women as mothers;

(2) Biology and sexual orientation: Gay rights proponents claim that biology has proven homosexuality is ‘natural.’ Gay rights opponents disagree, but claim even if homosexuality is biological, it should be considered a treatable pathology. I argue that the use of ‘nature’ on both sides is inconsistent and demonstrates that the concept is often a reflection of cultural biases, rather than a reflection of objective reality;

(3) Euthanasia: The permissibility of ‘passive’ euthanasia is related to the perceived degree of artificiality in which an incurable, suffering patient lives - the removal of ‘artificial’ treatments is thought to lead to a ‘natural’ death. I argue that the idea of ‘natural’ death relies on a faulty understanding of the human body as ‘natural’, and that the belief that removing machines is a passive act relies on a faulty assessment of the moral relevance of ‘artificiality.’ In conclusion, I argue that ethical analyses should not appeal to the category of ‘nature.’

Publication No 9704432
 

Michaels, SM (1997). Queer counts: the sociological construction of homosexuality via survey research.  PH.D. Thesis, The University of Chicago, DAI, Vol. 58:07A, p. 2855, 193 pages.

Abstract by author: The goal of this work is to help advance a sociological understanding of homosexuality. It is based on the data from the most comprehensive national probability survey of U.S. adults on sexual behavior ever completed, the National Health and Social Life Survey (NHSLS). The NHSLS, fielded in 1992, consisted of 3,432 ninety minute, face-to-face, interviews about sexual partners and practices over the life course with an area-probability sample of English speaking adults, 18 to 59 years old, living in households.

Homosexuality has been studied in various ways via surveys from the Kinsey studies published in 1948 and 1953 to sociological studies in the 1970s that drew samples from participants in increasingly prominent gay communities to the AIDS-related surveys of the 1980s and 1990s. Each set of studies has brought different questions and different methods to bear on the topic.

Two chapters of this dissertation are devoted to an analytic review of the history of this research and its methods leading up to the present project. The remainder of this work focuses on the analysis of pertinent data from the NHSLS. The analysis presented here draws on these very different traditions by developing a multi-dimensional approach to homosexuality, independently measuring behavior, desire, and self-identification.

Analysis of the prevalence, interrelationships, and relationship to socio-demographic variables of these three dimensions of homosexuality/heterosexuality are presented and discussed. A more detailed investigation of ‘bisexuality,’ the relative mixtures of same and other gender sexual experience, desire, and identity is then presented.

The analysis concludes with some comparisons of sexual practices between more or less homosexual groupings within the population. These results confirm the importance of a more multi-dimensional approach to conceptualizing and measuring homosexuality.

Publication No 9800628
 

Moreaux SE (1994). Biological orientation or a matter of preference? A study exploring the attitudes of lesbians about their erotic/affectional attractions. M.S.W. Thesis, California State University, Long Beach, MAI, 32:02, p. 494, 87 pages.

Abstract by author: This descriptive study investigated the attitudes of lesbians about the origin of their erotic/affectional attractions, and whether they considered it a matter of choice or biological orientation. Sixteen lesbians who ranged in age from 22 to 54 years, who were garnered using a snowball sampling technique during November and December of 1992, constituted the sample.

The results indicated that lesbians did not find that their erotic/affectional attractions are a matter of preference or choice, although a significant number (38%) felt that being a lesbian is a political statement for them. Fifty percent of the study sample felt that the origin of their erotic/affectional attractions was biological. The other 50% of the sample cited diverse combinations of theories to account for the origin of their erotic/affectional attractions.

Publication No 1354522
 

Nierenberg O. (1997). The 'science' of homosexuality: a psychoanalytic critique. PH.D. Thesis, Adelphi University, The Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies, DAI, Vol. 58: 08A, p. 3282, 433 pages.

Abstract by author: This dissertation questions the assertion made by psychoanalyst Richard Isay that adopting the view that homosexuality is genetically determined will counteract its status as a pathology. It is argued that accepting such a biologically deterministic framework means accepting a network of assumptions that bear further scrutiny, including the status of science as ‘truth’, the idea that complex human attributes can be ‘written in’ to our genes and the theory that human sexuality is fixed by biology.  Furthermore, it is noted that Dr. Isay’s position obscures the theory of sexuality put forth by Freud in his Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905/62), which establishes a continuity between homosexuality and heterosexuality such that neither one is privileged as ‘natural’ nor denigrated as ‘deviant’.

Part I begins by showing how Freud’s concept of the unconscious lays the groundwork for a novel approach to science in that it calls into question the Cartesian ideal of a unified human subject with unmediated access to ‘reality’. Heinz Hartmann’s ego psychology and its focus on the autonomous ego is viewed as eliding such radical epistemological implications. Also explored is Freud’s characterization of science as necessarily provisional and limited given its source: human subjects who are divided by the presence of the unconscious.

Part II traces the history of genetic determinism, including how the vocabulary of information theory and the mechanistic approach of physics became the dominant forces which shaped molecular biology. It is argued that such forces imbued the gene with the supposed ultimate power to determine human attributes even before the material discovery of DNA. Furthermore, the limitations of the mechanistic theory of genetic determination are explored via an examination of contradictory evidence from medical genetics and critiques of human behavioral research.

In Part III, it is argued that Freud’s theory of sexuality provides a structural argument which cannot be reduced to biological determinism, even when Freud’s explicit biological reductionism is taken into account. This presentation highlights how Freud’s dialectical approach, (which is seen as including both biological and social factors as well as the unique element of the unconscious), provides an important alternative to biological determinism in that it situates both homosexuality and heterosexuality as ‘acquisitions’ which take place in the realm of human culture and intersubjectivity.

Publication No.   9806032
 

Pieterse S (1993). Dysfunctional education as cause of homosexuality. Master's Thesis, University of Pretoria, Afrikaans Texts, MAI, Vol. 32:02, p. 414.

Abstract by author: Only man is able to be educated and to educate. The child is dependent on the educational support of the adult in order to achieve its educational purpose, viz. adequate adulthood. A person’s sexual identity is not only biologically determined but is also subject to the educational contribution of the parents. Education is a complex process and its results are not always predictable. Education may go off course (become disharmonious) and be the cause of disharmonious meanings which the child then attaches to educational contents such as manhood or womanhood. Disharmonious relationships in the area of authority, trust and understanding between father and son, and between mother and son, may give rise to the development of a homosexual identity. Education, after all, remains the most decisive factor in the development of a person, whether it is a man or a woman.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

  The development of these GLBT information web pages were made possible through the collaboration of Richard Ramsay (Professor, Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary) and Pierre Tremblay (independent researcher, writer, and GLBT children and youth advocate) who both recognize that often needed social changes occur as the result of knowledge availability and dissemination. Additional Information at: Warning, Acknowledgments, Authors.

These GLBTQ Info-Pages were located at the University of Southampton from 2000 to 2003, this being the result of a collaboration with Dr. Chris Bagley, Department of Social Work Studies, University of Southampton.

Graphics are compliments of Websight West. The Synergy Centre donated computer/Internet time to facilitate the construction of this GLBT information site. Both are owned by a Chris Hooymans, a friend, and former publisher of a gay & lesbian magazine in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Chris continues to offer his expertise whenever needed and he has supplied, free of charge, the hosting of the site - Youth Suicide Problems: A Gay / Bisexual Male Focus - where a smaller - GLBTQ Education Section - and the Internet Resource Page for this subject (http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/links4a.htm) is located.

Computer time was also supplied by Rick Reist & Glenn Lynas, and Glenn also supplied other forms of assistance.

Many thanks to Wendy Stephens from The Department of Communications Media, University of Calgary.  She communicated with publishers of many academic journals (an ongoing time-consuming process) for permission to reproduce abstracts from papers and studies on these GLBT information web pages.

INFORMATION LIMITATIONS

The information made available on this web page does not represent all the relevant information available on the Internet, nor in professional journals and in other publications.

This web page was constructed to supply a spectrum of information for individuals seeking to understand one or more of the many gay, lesbian, bisexual, queer and transgender issues.


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