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Abstracts: Papers, articles, and books.
Abstracts: Ph.D and Master's Theses

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BIBLIOGRAPHY: Papers, Thesis, Articles & Books - The Bibliography for Substance (Alcohol / Drugs) Use/Abuse/Addition Online Full Text Papers is Located on Another Webpage.


Page Index: Full Text Dissertation. - Older Bibliography With Links to Abstracts or Full Text.



Full Text Dissertations

Nicely, Eric S (2001). Internalized Homophobia, Stages And Processes Of Change And Alcohol Use Among Gay Men: A Clinical Dissertation. PhD. Dissertation, California School of Professional Psychology, Alemeda, CA. PDF Download. Download Page.


Older Bibliography, Not Being Added to. Many Items referenced here are not present in the other resources.

Studies, Articles, & Reports with summaries to 1994: ATOD Resource Guide: Lesbians, Gay Men, and Bisexuals Section 2 - More than 80 Entries (See Section 2, Items to 1994). Alternate URL Location N/A. - From Prevline: Resource Guide: Lesbians, Gay Men, Bisexuals and Transgender Populations N/A. - Virtual Resource for the Addiction Treatment System: Gay Males, Lesbians and Bisexuals - Lesbians, Gay Men and Bisexuals Mental Health Resources.

 
ABSTRACT
Abbott LJ (1998). The use of alcohol by lesbians: a review and research agenda. Substance Use and Misuse, 33(13), 2647-63.

ABSTRACT
AIDS Committee of Toronto (2001, 2004). Drug Use & HIV Risk Among Gay Men in the Dance/Club Scene in Toronto: How Should AIDS Prevention Programmes Respond? Full Text. PDF Download.  Word 97 Download N/A.
 
ABSTRACT
Anderson SC (1996). Substance Abuse and Dependency in Gay Men and Lesbians. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 5(1), 59-76.  (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Anderson SC, Henderson DC (1985). Working with Lesbian Alcoholics. Social Work, 30(6), 518-25. (Article availability given in ERIC "abstract" link.)
 
ABSTRACT
Balsam KF, Huang B, Fieland KC, Simoni JM, Walters KL (2004). Culture, trauma, and wellness: a comparison of heterosexual and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and two-spirit Native Americans. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 10(3): 287-301.
 
ABSTRACT
Beatty RL (1997). Relationship of sensation seeking and hiv risk-related behaviors: implications for social work. PH.D. Thesis, University of Pittsburgh, DAI, Vol. 58-03A, p. 1089, 120 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Bellows JT (1995). Recovery house: residential facility for persons with mild mental retardation and substance dependence. PH.D. Thesis, The union Institute, DAI, Vol. 56-11A, p. 4553, 276 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Berg SL (1989). AA, spiritual issues, and the treatment of lesbian and gay alcoholics. PH.D. Thesis, Michigan State University, DAI, Vol. 50-07A, p. 2121, 220 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Bergmark KH (1999). Drinking in the Swedish gay and lesbian community. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 56(2): 133-143.
 
ABSTRACT
Bickelhaupt EE (1995). Alcoholism and Drug Abuse in Gay and Lesbian Persons: A Review of Incidence Studies. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Studies, 2(1), 5-14.  (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Bloomfield K (1993). A comparison of alcohol consumption between lesbians and heterosexual women in an urban population. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 33(3), 257-69. 27(6), 605-14.
 
ABSTRACT
Boyd CJ, McCabe SE, d'Arcy H (2003). Ecstasy use among college undergraduates: gender, race and sexual identity. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 24(3): 209-15.
 
ABSTRACT
Bridget J, Lucille S (1996).  Lesbian youth support information services (LYSIS): developing a distance support agency for young lesbians. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 6(5)355-64.
 
ABSTRACT
Buchanan, DR. (1992). AIDS prevention: an applied investigation of the health belief model and other psychosocial factors in the prediction of sexual risk taking among gay and bisexual males. PH.D. Thesis, The George Washington University, DAI, Vol. 53-01B, p. 607, 196 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Bux DA (1996). The epidemiology of problem drinking in gay men and lesbians: a critical review. Clinical Psychology Review, 16(4), 277-98.
 
ABSTRACT
Cabaj RP (1995). Sexual Orientation and the Addictions. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy, 2(3), 97-117. (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Cherry R (1996). The relationship between internalized homophobia and substance use in gay and bisexual men. PH.D. Thesis, California School of Professional Psychology, DAI, Vol. 58-05B, p. 2659, 97 pages.

ABSTRACT
Cochran SD, Keenan C, Schober C, Mays VM (2000). Estimates of Alcohol Use and Clinical Treatment Needs Among Homosexually Active Men and Women in the U.S. Population. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68(6): 1062-1071. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Cochran SD, Ackerman D, Mays VM, Ross MW (2004). Prevalence of non-medical drug use and dependence among homosexually active men and women in the US population. Addiction, 99(8): 989-98. PDF Download. Abstract
 
ABSTRACT
Coleman VE (1990). Violence in lesbian couples: a between groups comparison. PH.D. Thesis. California School of Professional Psychology, DAI, Vol. 51-11B, p. 5634, 213 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Colton GM (1994). The relationship among affective style, substance use and HIV risk factors. ED.D. Thesis, Rutgers The State university of New Jersey, New Brunswick, DAI, Vol. 55-02A, p. 243, 198 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Crofts N. David H (1993). A History of Peer-Based Drug-User Groups in Australia. Journal of Drug Issues, 25, 599-616. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Crosby GM, Stall RD, Paul JP, Barrett DC (1998).  Alcohol and drug use patterns have declined between generations of younger gay-bisexual men in San Francisco. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 52(3), 177-82.
 
ABSTRACT
Crosby GM (1993). Psychosocial variables distinguishing gay male substance abusers practicing risky and safer sex while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. PH.D. Thesis, The Wright Institute, DAI, Vol. 54-05B, p. 2745, 165 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
CSAP (1996). Meth, Men, Myths: Increased Risk in the Gay Community. Prevention Pipeline (CSAP), May/June, 1996. Full text N/A online.
 
ABSTRACT
Debord KA (1995). The relevance of sexual orientation to substance abuse and psychological distress among college students. PH.D. Thesis, University of Missouri, Columbia, DAI, Vol. 57-09B, p. 5913, 106 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
DeGraaf R, VanWesenbeeck I, VanZessen G, Straver CJ, Visser JH (1995). Alcohol and drug use in heterosexual and homosexual prostitution, and its relation to protection behavior. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of HIV/AIDS, 7(1), 35-47. PubMed Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Department of Human Services in conjunction with the MACGLH (2002). Issue paper on major drug and alcohol facing GLBTI Victorians. PDF Download N/A.
 
ABSTRACT
Donovan C, McEwan R (1995). A review of the literature examining the relationship between alcohol use and HIV-related sexual risk-taking in young people. Addiction, 90(3):319-28. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
DuRant RH, Krowchuk DP, Sinal SH (1998). Victimization, use of violence, and drug use at school among male adolescents who engage in same-sex sexual behavior. Journal of Pediatrics, 133(1),113-8.
 
ABSTRACT
Durvasula RS (1997). The independent and interactive effects of HIV-1 and cocaine use on neuropsychological performance in African- American men. PH.D. Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, DAI, Vol. 57-11B, p. 7222, 170 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Eisenberg M, Henry W (2003). Social influences on substance-use behaviors of gay, lesbian, and bisexual college students: findings from a national study. Social Science and Medicine, 57(10): 1913-1923. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Eisenberg M, Henry W (2003). Substance use behaviors among college students with same-sex and opposite-sex experience: results from a national study. Addictive behaviors, 28: 899–913. PDF DownloadPDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Ellison BJ, Downey AB, Duesberg PH (1995). HIV as a surrogate marker for drug use: a re-analysis of the San Francisco Men's Health Study. Genetica, 95(1-3), 165-71. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Faulkner AH, Cranston K (1998). Correlates of same-sex sexual behavior in a random sample of Massachusetts high school students. American Journal of Public Health, 88(2), 262-6.  Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Fendrich M, Wislar JS, Johnson TP, Hubbell A (2003). A contextual profile of club drug use among adults in Chicago. Addiction, 98(12): 1693-1703. Related Conference Presentation.
 
ABSTRACT
Ferrando S, Goggin K, Sewell M, Evans S, Fishman B, Rabkin J (1998). Substance use disorders in gay/bisexual men with HIV and AIDS. American Journal of Addictions, 7(1), 51-60.
 
ABSTRACT
Finnegan DG, McNally EB ('2002'). Healing the Traumas of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Substance Abusers. PDF Download. Full Spectrum Recovery Web Page for Downloads.
 
ABSTRACT
Finnegan DG, McNally EB (1996). Chemical dependency and depression in lesbians and gay men: what helps? Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 4(2), 115-29. (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Finnegan DG, McNally EB (1995). The National Association of Lesbian and Gay Alcoholism Professionals (NALGAP): A Retrospective. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 2(1), 83-90.  (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Freese TE, Miotto K, Reback CJ (2002). The effects and consequences of selected club drugs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 23: 151– 156. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Ghindia DJ (1994). The effects of differing stages of homosexual identity integration, diminished self-esteem and a substance abusive familial history on substance abuse among homosexual me. PH.D. Thesis, Case Western Reserve University, DAI, Vol. 55-09A, p. 2989, 208 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Hall JM (1996). Pervasive effects of child sexual abuse in lesbians' recovery from alcohol problems. Substance Use and Misuse, 31(2), 225-39.

ABSTRACT
Hall JM (1994). Lesbians Recovering from alcohol problems: an ethnographic study of health care experiences. Nursing Research, 43(4), 238-44.
 
ABSTRACT
Hall JM (1994). The experiences of lesbians in Alcoholics Anonymous. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 16(5), 556-76. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Hall JM (1992). Lesbians' experiences with alcohol problems: a critical ethnographic study of problematization, helpseeking and recovery patterns. PH.D. Thesis, University of California, San Francisco, DAI, Vol. 53-09B, p. 4590, 341 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Heffernan K (1998). The nature and predictors of substance use among lesbians. Addictive Behaviors, 23(4), 517-28.
 
ABSTRACT
Heffernan K (1997). Binge eating, substance use, and coping styles in a lesbian sample. PH.D. Thesis, Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, DAI, Vol. 58-07B, p. 3924, 68 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Helder LM (1992). The effects of a cognitive/behavioral stress management program on psychological distress and the immune system in HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative gay men. PH.D. Thesis, University of Miami, DAI, Vol. 53-05B, p. 2530, 164 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Hopper E (1995). A psychoanalytical theory of 'drug addiction': unconscious fantasies of homosexuality, compulsions and masturbation within the context of traumatogenic processes. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 76 ( Pt 6), 1121-42.
 
ABSTRACT
Hughes TL (2003). Lesbians' drinking patterns: beyond the data. Substace Use and Misuse, 38(11-13): 1739-58. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Hughes TL, Wilsnack SC (1997). Use of alcohol among lesbians: research and clinical implications.  American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 67 (1) : 20-36. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Icard LD, et al. (1992). Preventing AIDS among Black Gay Men and Black Gay and Heterosexual Male Intravenous Drug Users. Social Work, 37(5), 440-45. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Israelstam S, and Lambert S (1989). Homosexuals Who Indulge in Excessive Use of Alcohol and Drugs: Psychosocial Factors to be Taken into Account by Community and Intervention Workers. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 34(3), 54-69.
 
ABSTRACT
Jazwinski RM (1994). A study comparing lesbian, gay and heterosexual college students on drinking, problems related to drinking, and on the impact of several psychosocial variables on drinking behaviors. PH.D Thesis, New York university, DAI, Vol. 55-09A, p. 2989, 288 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Jolly DH (1993). An analysis of sexual practices among men attending gay bars in North Carolina. DR.P.H. Thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, DAI, Vol. 54-08A, p. 2904, 354 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Jones JM (1987). Sexual practices of alcoholic and nonalcoholic women in the '80s. PH.D. Thesis, Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, DAI, Vol. 48-07A, p. 1887, 234 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Kalichman SC, Benotsch E, Rompa D, Gore-Felton C, Austin J, Luke W, DiFonzo K, Buckles J, Kyomugisha F, Simpson D (2001). Unwanted Sexual Experiences and Sexual Risks in Gay and Bisexual Men: Associations Among Revictimization, Substance Use, and Psychiatric Symptoms. Journal of Sex Research, 38(1): 1-9. Full Text,  (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)
 
ABSTRACT
Kelly B, Raphael B, Judd F, Perdices M, Kernutt G, Burrows GD, Burnett PC, Dunne M (1998). Psychiatric disorder in HIV infection. Australian and new Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 32(3), 441-53.
 
ABSTRACT
King M, McKeown E, Warner J, Ramsay A, Johnson K, Cort C, Wright L, Blizard R, Davidson O (2003). Mental health and quality of life of gay men and lesbians in England and Wales: controlled, cross-sectional study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 183: 552-8. Full Text,
 
ABSTRACT
Kleine-Kracht AE (1993). How HIV positive gay men perceive seropositivity and what significance they give this diagnosis as evidenced by sexual behavior changes and care needs. D.N.S. Thesis, Indiana University School of Nursing, DAI, Vol. 55-09B, p. 3817, 167 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Knox, Sher (2003). Sexual minority youth and substance abuse: Addressing the issue. CYC [The International Child and Youth Care Network]-Online, 49: February. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Kus RJ, Ed (1995). Addiction and Recovery in Gay and Lesbian persons.. Also published in the Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 2(1), 1995. Listing of paper titles &  link to abstracts from PubMed..
 
ABSTRACT
Kus RJ, Latcovich MA (1995). Special Interest Groups in Alcoholics Anonymous: A Focus on Gay Men's Groups. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Studies, 2(1), 67-82. (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Kus RJ, Smith GB (1995). Referrals and Resources for Chemically Dependent Gay and Lesbian Clients. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Studies, 2(1), 91-107. (A BUBL "abstract" link)
 
ABSTRACT
Kus RJ (1992). Spirituality in Everyday Life: Experiences of Gay Men of Alcoholics Anonymous. Journal of Chemical Dependency Treatment, 5(1), 49-66.  (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Lacouture, Yves (1998). La toxicomanie chez les personnes homosexuelles: une recension des écrits. Governement du Québec. Minitère de la Santé and des Services Sociaux. Comité Permanent de la lutte à la taxiconomie. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Leonard, William - Ministerial Advisory Committee on Gay and Lesbian Health (2002). Drug and Alcohol Use within GLBTI Communities. In: What’s the Difference? Health Issues of Major Concern to Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (GLBTI) Victorians published by Rural and Regional Health and Aged Care Services Division Victorian Government Department of Human Services Melbourne Victoria: 45-50. PDF Download. Download Page.
 
ABSTRACT
Lehmann JB, Lehmann CU, Kelly PJ (1998). Development and health care needs of lesbians. Journal of Women's Health, 7(3), 379-87.

ABSTRACT
Lluy MA (1993). Factors related to alcohol use and preventive health care practices in the lesbian community.  PH.D. Thesis, University of South Carolina, DAI, Vol. 54-11B, p. 5947, 107 pages.

ABSTRACT
Lombardi EL, van Servellen G (2000). Building culturally sensitive substance use prevention and treatment programs for transgendered populations. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 19(3): 291-6. Ingenta.com Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
McCabe SE, Boyd C, Hughes TL, d'Arcy H (2003). Sexual identity and substance use among undergraduate students. Substance Abuse, 24(2): 77-91.
 
ABSTRACT
McConaghy N, Buhrich N, Silove D (1994). Opposite sex-linked behaviors and homosexual feelings in the predominantly heterosexual male majority. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23(5), 565-77. (A PubMed Abstract)
 
ABSTRACT
McCuistion LE (1989). Alcohol and drug use among gay men. M.S.W. Thesis, The University of Texas at Arlington, MAI, Vol. 28-04, p. 531, 76 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
McKirnan DJ, Vanable PA, Ostrow DG, Hope B (2001). Expectancies of sexual "escape" and sexual risk among drug and alcohol-involved gay and bisexual men. Journal of Substance Abuse, 13(1-2): 137-54. PubMed Abstract. Ingenta.com Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
McNall M, Remafedi G (1999). Relationship of Amphetamine and Other Substance Use to Unprotected Intercourse Among Young Men Who Have Sex With Men. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 153: 1130-1135. Full text. Full text.
 
ABSTRACT
Morgenstern J, Langenbucher J, Labouvie E, Miller KI (1997). The comorbidity of alcoholism and personality disorders in a clinical population: prevalence rates and relation to alcohol typology variables.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106 (1), 74-84.
 
ABSTRACT
Mosbacher D (1993). Alcohol and Other Drug Use in Female Medical Students: A Comparison of Lesbians and Heterosexuals. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy, 2(1), 37-48.  (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
NALGAP (2002). Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drug Problems & Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Individuals. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Nardi P (1982). Alcohol Treatment and the Non-Traditional "Family" Structures of Gays and Lesbians. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 27(2), 83-89. (Article availability given in ERIC "abstract" link.)
 
ABSTRACT
Nawyn SJ, Richman JA, Rospenda KM, Hughes TL (2000). Sexual identity and alcohol-related outcomes: contributions of workplace harassment. Journal of Substance Abuse, 11(3): 289-304. Ingenta.com Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Niesen JH (1993). Parental Substance Abuse and Divorce as Predictors of Injection Drug Use and High Risk Sexual Behaviors Known to Transmit HIV. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 6(2), 29-49.  (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Neisen JH (1992). Family history, high risk behaviors and human- immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection status in adult gay men with chemical dependency problems. PH.D. Thesis, University of Minnesota, DAI, Vol. 53-07A, p. 2560, 162 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Noell JW, Ochs LM (2001). Relationship of sexual orientation to substance use, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and other factors in a population of homeless adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 29(1): 31-36. 
 
ABSTRACT
Orenstein A (2001). Substance use among gay and lesbian adolescents. Journal of Homosexuality, 41(2): 1-15. Summary & Graphing of Results.
 
ABSTRACT
Parks CA (1997). Passing phases: a study of motivating and constraining factors to lesbian alcohol use. PH.D. Thesis, Bryn Mawr College, The Grad School of Social Work and Social Research, DAI, Vol. 58-05A, p. 1921, 336 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Paul JP, Stall RD, Crosby GM, Barrett DC, Midanik LT (1994). Correlates of sexual risk-taking among gay male substance abusers. Addiction, 89(8):971-83.

ABSTRACT
Pecoraro, Carmine ('2000'). Stressors and Treatment of Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Substance Abusers. PDF Download
 
ABSTRACT
Phelan JE (1998). Addiction and Recovery in Homosexuality. Journal of Ministry in Addiction & Recovery, 5(1), 65-71. (A BUBL "abstract" link.)
 
ABSTRACT
Pohl MI (1995). Chemical Dependency and HIV Infection. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 2(1), 15-28. (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Rawson RA, Anglin MD, Ling W (2002).Will the Methamphetamine Problem Go Away? Journal of Addictive Diseases, Vol. 21(1): 5-19. PDF Download. PDF Download
 
ABSTRACT
Remafedi G, Farrow JA, Deisher RW (1991).  Risk Factors for Attempted Suicide in Gay and Bisexual Youth. Pediatrics, 87: 869-875. Full Text. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Robertson AE (1998). The mental health experiences of gay men: a research study exploring gay men's health needs. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 5(1), 33-40.
 
ABSTRACT
Rosario M, Hunter J, Gwadz M (1997).  Exploration of substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth: prevalence and correlates. Journal of Adolescent Research, 12(4), 454-76. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Ross MW, Mattison AM, Franklin DR Jr (2003). Club drugs and sex on drugs are associated with different motivations for gay circuit party attendance in men. Substance Use and Misuse, 38(8): 1173-83. 
 
ABSTRACT
Rostosky SS, Owens GP, Zimmerman RS, Riggle ED (2003). Associations among sexual attraction status, school belonging, and alcohol and marijuana use in rural high school students. Journal of Adolescence, 26(6): 741-51. Ingenta.com Abstract.

ABSTRACT
Russell ST, Driscoll AK, Truong N (2002). Adolescent same-sex romantic attractions and relationships: implications for substance use and abuse. American Journal of Public Health, 92(2): 198-202. Full Text. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Ryan CM, Huggins J, Beatty R (1999). Substance use disorders and the risk of HIV infection in gay men. Journal of Studies in Alcoholism, 60(1), 70-7.

ABSTRACT
Saewyc EM, Bearinger LH, Heinz PA, Blum RW, Resnick MD (1998). Gender differences in health and risk behaviors among bisexual and homosexual adolescents. Journal of Adolescent health, 23(3):181-8. Full Text.

ABSTRACT
San-Giovanni D (1989). The association of drug use history with neuropsychological status in gay men with AIDS. PH.D. Thesis, California School of Professional Psychology, DAI, Vol. 50-08B, p. 3713, 134 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Saulnier CF (1994). Alcohol problems and marginalization: social group work with lesbians and black women.  PH.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, DAI, Vol. 56-05A, p. 1988, 348 pages.

ABSTRACT
Seage GR 3rd, Mayer KH, Wold C, Lenderking WR, Goldstein R, Cai B, Gross M, Heeren T, Hingson R (1998). The social context of drinking, drug use, and unsafe sex in the Boston Young Men Study. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and Human Retrovirology, 17(4), 368-75.

ABSTRACT
Shankle MD, Beatty RL(2002). Older Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Older Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) and Transgender (LGBT) Substance Abuse Issues: Are They at Higher Risk for They at Higher Risk for Substance Substance Abuse. University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. PowerPoint Presentation: PDF Download. APHA Conference Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Shernoff M (1997). So Many Drugs, So Little Time: When Recreation Becomes Dependence. The New York Native, July 5, 1982. Revised & Updated: 1997. Full text online.
 
ABSTRACT
Shernoff M (1995). Counseling Chemically Dependent People With HIV Illness. Published in The Second Decade of AIDS: A Mental Health Practice Handbook edited by Walt Odets & Michael Shernoff, New York: Hatherleigh Press, 1995. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Shernoff M, and Springer E (1992). Substance abuse and AIDS: report from the front Lines (the impact on professionals). Published in Lesbians and Gay Men: Chemical Dependency Treatment Issues, Ed. D. Weinstein. Harrington Park Press, 1992. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Shernoff M, and Finnegan D (1991). Family Treatment with Chemically Dependent Gay Men and Lesbians. The Journal of Chemical Dependency Treatment, 4(1). Full text.
 
ABSTRACT
Shernoff M (1983). Nice boys and needles. New York Native, Issue 74, Oct. 10, 1983. Full Text.
 
ABSTRACT
Shiflin F, and Solis MS (1992). Chemical Dependency in Gay and Lesbian Youth. Journal of Chemical Dependency Treatment, 5(1), 67-76.  (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Skinner WF, and Otis MD (1996). Drug and alcohol use among lesbian and gay people in a southern U.S. sample: epidemiological, comparative, and methodological findings from the Trilogy Project.  Journal of Homosexuality, 30(3), 59-92.
 
ABSTRACT
Sorensen L, and Roberts SJ (1997). Lesbian uses of and satisfaction with mental health services: results from Boston Lesbian Health Project. Journal of Homosexuality, 33(1), 35-49. (A PubMed Abstract)
 
ABSTRACT
Sullivan PS, Nakashima AK, Purcell DW, Ward JW (1998). Geographic differences in noninjection and injection substance use among HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men: western United States versus other regions. Supplement to HIV/AIDS Surveillance Study Group. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and Human Retrovirology, 19(3), 266-73. (PubMed Abstract).
 
ABSTRACT
Tafoya T, and Roeder KR (1995). Spiritual Exiles in Their Own Homelands:  Gays, Lesbians, and Native Americans. Journal of Chemical Dependency Treatment, 5(2), 179-197.  (A BUBL "abstract" link. Must scroll to locate abstract.)
 
ABSTRACT
Tao G (1995). Modifying high-risk sexual behaviors among gay and bisexual adolescents: evaluation of an intervention program. Ph.D. Thesis, University Of Minnesota, DAI Vol. 56:08B, p. 4273, 202 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Travers R, and Schneider M (1996). Barriers to accessibility for lesbian and gay youth needing addictions services. Youth & Society, 27(3), 356-78. (Highlights. Paper's availability given in ERIC abstract link.)
 
ABSTRACT
Tuite DR, and Luitan JW (1986). 16PF research into addiction meta-analysis and extension. The International Journal of the Addictions, 21(3), 287-323. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Turner DC (1994). For the sake of male pleasure: gay identity, HIV, grief and risky sex. PH.D. Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, DAI, Vol. 55-12A, p. 3900, 244 pages.
 
ABSTRACT
Wechgelaar H (1997). Homosexuality in Treatment. Addiction Counselling World, September/October. Full text.
 
ABSTRACT
Welch S, Howden-Chapman P, Collings SC (1998). Survey of drug and alcohol use by lesbian women in New Zealand. Addictive Behaviors, 23(4). 543-8.
 
ABSTRACT
Winters KC, Remafedi G, Chan BY (1996). Assessing drug abuse among gay-bisexual young men. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 10(4), 228-36. Abstract.
 
ABSTRACT
Woody GE, Donnell D, Seage GR, Metzger D, Marmor M, Koblin BA, Buchbinder S, Gross M, Stone B, Judson FN (1999). Non-injection substance use correlates with risky sex among men having sex with men: data from HIVNET. Drug Alcohol Dependence, 53(3), 197-205.
 
ABSTRACT
Wright LS, Fling S (1983). Perceptions of Self and Parents among College Students of Different Sexual Orientations. Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southwestern Psychological Association, April, 1983). (The availability of the 20-page paper is given in the ERIC "abstract" link.)
 
ABSTRACT
Young JD (1995). Alcoholism and Addiction in Homosexuals: Etiology, Prevalence & Treatment. Full Text. PDF Download.
 
ABSTRACT
Ziebold TO, and Mongeon JE, Eds. (1985). Alcoholism and Homosexuality. Haworth Press. Also published in the Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 7(4), 1990. Listing of paper titles &  link to abstracts from PubMed


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The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Search Engines & Directories: Google.com. - Google Scholar. - MSN Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture.

Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of  Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.

Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal- Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - OpenPDF.com. - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. findarticles.com: many free full text articles and papers. - Scribd.com

Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers).  eScholarship Repository:  University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries.  - NTUR, National Taiwan University- Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. -  UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki- E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory

Search for Free Articles, Papers or ReportsFindArticles.com - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere.  The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.

Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.

Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses,  Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway.  - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available - OpenThesis.org.

Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. -  Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. -  Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers,  2005,  3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports.


ABSTRACTS/HIGHLIGHTS: Papers, Articles, & Books

Bridget J, Lucille S (1996). Lesbian youth support information services (LYSIS): developing a distance support agency for young lesbians. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 6(5), 355-64.  (Abstract reprinted by permission of The American Psychological Association.)

Abstract by authors: The Lesbian Youth Support Information Service (LYSIS) was established in 1991 as a result of research conducted into the needs and experiences of young lesbians. This research found that young lesbians are vulnerable to mental health problems, including depression, attempted suicide, self harming behaviours and alcohol misuse, as well as isolation and social rejection. There were also strong indications that young lesbians are most vulnerable when they are coming to terms with their sexual orientation. LYSIS offers support to young lesbians in four main ways: correspondence counselling; telephone counselling; peer support; and information. LYSIS is part of an umbrella organization, the Lesbian Information Service (LIS), which provides indirect support for young lesbians including publishing, education and training, projects and campaigning.
 

Bux DA (1996). The epidemiology of problem drinking in gay men and lesbians: a critical review.Clinical Psychology Review, 16(4), 277-98.

Abstract by author:  This review examines research on the prevalence of problem drinking among gays and lesbians, and discusses various theories as to the etiology of drinking problems in this population. Early reports on alcohol problems in this population suggested that gay men and lesbians were cat alarmingly high risk for alcohol problems; however methodological flaws call these results into question. More recent research suggests that gay men are not at significantly higher risk for drinking heavily or for developing drinking problems than heterosexual men. Problem drinking may exist at somewhat higher rates among lesbians than among heterosexual women, although not at the high rates reported in early studies. Both gay men and lesbians appear to be less likely to abstain from alcohol than their heterosexual counterparts. Numerous theories have been pro posed to explain the etiology of problem drinking in this population, including subcultural phenomena, self medication hypotheses, and social and cultural pressures. However, none of these theories has more than minimal empirical support. Clinical implications and recommendations for further research are discussed.  (Abstract reprinted by permission of The American Psychological Association.)
 

DeGraaf R, VanWesenbeeck I, VanZessen G, Straver CJ, Visser JH (1995). Alcohol and drug use in heterosexual and homosexual prostitution, and its relation to protection behavior. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of HIV/AIDS, 7(1), 35-47.

Abstract by authors: To assess the prevalence and effects of alcohol and drug use in heterosexual and homosexual commercial contacts, and the relationship between their use and unsafe sexual behaviour, 127 female prostitutes, 27 male prostitutes, 91 clients of female prostitutes and 24 clients of male prostitutes were interviewed face to face with the help of a semi structured questionnaire.  The respondents were living or working in different parts of The Netherlands.  Alcohol and drug use was found to be relatively common among prostitutes.  This was also so for the use of alcohol by clients, though to a lesser extent.  Prostitutes' consumption varied widely according to the type of prostitution they were employed in.  Those meeting their clients in clubs or bars reported the highest consumption of alcohol; hard drugs were used predominantly by street prostitutes.  It appears that the main effects of alcohol and drug use are on how the individual experiences working as, or calling on, a prostitute, the social interaction between the two parties, and the sexual contact itself.  The common assumption that drinking alcohol has negative effects on condom use was not borne out; though female prostitutes working under the influence of drugs were significantly more likely to report unsafe sex.  The degree to which commercial partners were judged to be under the influence of alcohol or drugs was not found to bear upon the frequency of respondents' condom use.  For those prostitutes who use hard drugs, this use plays an important role in their engaging in unsafe sexual activities.  Prevention activities should focus especially on this group, and should take into account the role of such drug use.

Donovan C, McEwan R (1995). A review of the literature examining the relationship between alcohol use and HIV-related sexual risk-taking in young people. Addiction, 90(3):319-28.

Abstract by authors: Young people have been targeted as a potentially vulnerable population for the spread of HIV. The influence of alcohol on sexual behaviour is part of popular knowledge. More recently, studies have attempted to illuminate the relationship between alcohol use and sexual risk-taking in relation to HIV transmission. In our review of the literature three important points are highlighted for researchers in this area. First, methodological problems make establishing any relationship extremely difficult. Secondly, the concept of sexual risk-taking has to be developed to include acknowledgment of the context in which sex takes place rather than defining risk only in terms of sexual acts. Finally, populations of gay men and men who have sex with men and lesbians are sufficiently different from heterosexuals, with regard to the influence of alcohol on sexual behaviour, to make generalizations about one population inappropriate for the other.

Additional information:

“…the relationship of young homosexual people to HIV and that of gay men to HIV is likely to be fundamentally different. Thus it is unrealistic to make assumptions about one group based on evidence about the other (Weatherburn et al., 1993). Furthermore, studies by Leigh (1990a; 1990b) and Gold et al., (1992) suggest that lesbians and gay men, and young heterosexual people, use alcohol with sex in different ways reflecting the different subcultures that these group of young people move and socialize in.” (p. 326)
 

Ellison BJ, Downey AB, Duesberg PH (1995). HIV as a surrogate marker for drug use: a re-analysis of the San Francisco Men's Health Study. Genetica, 95(1-3), 165-71.

Abstract by authors: Our analysis of drug use and morbidity data from a cohort of 1034 men yields the following results: 1) HIV infection is a strong indicator of drug use   HIV positive respondents reported an average lifetime dose of recreational drugs (excluding marijuana) 2.3 times higher than HIV negative respondents. 2) Homosexuality is a strong indicator of drug use   homosexual respondents reported an average lifetime dose 2.0 times higher than heterosexual respondents. 3) The incidence of AIDS defining diseases was not limited to respondents infected with HIV, but was almost completely limited (98%) to respondents who reported using drugs. We also address a previous report (Ascher er al., 1993) that was based on the same database and purported to show that HIV alone correlates with the development of AIDS. Specifically, we show that the relationship between HIV infection and CD4+ T Cell loss is weaker than reported by Ascher et al., and provides little evidence for a causative relationship. These results support the hypothesis that long term, habitual drug use can cause the conditions known as AIDS (independent of the presence of HIV), and refute the hypothesis that HIV alone causes these conditions independent of drug use.
 

Hall JM (1994).The experiences of lesbians in Alcoholics Anonymous. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 16(5):556-76.

Abstract by author: A feminist ethnographic study of lesbians' experiences in recovery from alcohol problems was done to understand from their perspectives how they identified alcohol use as problematic, sought help, experienced health care interactions and participation in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), and maintained recovery. Through community-based purposive sampling in San Francisco, 35 lesbians recovering from alcohol problems participated in semistructured ethnographic interviews of 2 hours duration, which were subsequently interpreted using ethnographic coding, narrative analysis, and matrix analysis. A major finding was that participation in AA was fraught with tension in three areas. Each tension was defined by two poles of experience that appear to be in conflict. They were assimilation versus differentiation, authority versus autonomy, and false consciousness versus politicization. These tensions are elaborated and supported by examples from the women's interviews. Nursing implications regarding the role of AA in recovery for marginalized women are discussed.

Additional Information:

“AA and other 12-Step programs are valuable community resources; however, they can present real obstacles for members of subcultural groups… Nurses need to be sensitive to the obstacles that lesbians and women of color may experience in their first AA encounters, providing anticipatory guidance, the opportunity for ventilation of concerns, and support in exploring how these obstacles might be overcome.” (p. 571)

“AA only superficially includes culturally distinct persons, without essentially changing its androcentric, ethnocentric, and heterosexist value structure.” (p. 564)
 

Hughes TL, and Wilsnack SC (1994). Research on lesbians and alcohol: gaps and implications. Alcohol Health and Research World, 18 (3),  202-205. (No paper, no abstract)
 

Hughes TL, and Wilsnack SC (1997). Use of alcohol among lesbians: research and clinical implications.  American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 67 (1) : 20-36.

Abstract by authors: A review of the literature on the prevalence of alcohol use and problems among lesbians reveals that the few studies yielding information on this population are beset by design and methodological problems, Those factors possibly associated with higher risk status of lesbians are identified, as are gaps in the literature, and implications for clinical practice and research are discussed.
 

Kus RJ, Ed (1995). Addiction and Recovery in Gay and Lesbian persons. Haworth Press. Also published in the Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 2(1), 1995. Link to BUBL abstracts for papers listed below.

Paper titles: -  Alcoholism and Drug Abuse in Gay and Lesbian Persons: A Review of Incidence Studies. - Chemical Dependency and HIV Infection. - Homophobia: The Heart of the Darkness. - Dysfunctional Relationship Patterns: Positive Changes for Gay and Lesbian People. - Spirituality and the Gay Community. - Special Interest Groups in Alcoholics Anonymous: A Focus on Gay Men's Groups. The National Association of Lesbian and Gay Alcoholism Professionals
(NALGAP): A Retrospective. - Referrals and Resources for Chemically Dependent Gay and Lesbian Clients. -
 

Morgenstern J, Langenbucher J, Labouvie E, and Miller KI (1997). The comorbidity of alcoholism and personality disorders in a clinical population: prevalence rates and relation to alcohol typology variables.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106 (1), 74-84.

Abstract by authors:  This study assessed prevalence rates and overlap among Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed., revised; DSM III R; American Psychiatric Association, 1987) personality disorders in a multisite sample of 366 substance abusers in treatment. In addition, the relation of antisocial personality disorder (APD), borderline personality disorder (BPD), and paranoid personality disorder (PPD) to alcohol typology variables was examined. Structured diagnostic interviews and other measures were administered to participants at least 14 days after entry into treatment. Results indicated high prevalence rates for APD and non APD disorders. There was extensive overlap between Axis I disorders and personality disorders, and among personality disorders themselves. APD, BPD, and PPD were linked to more severe symptomatology of alcoholism and other clinical problems. However, only APD and BPD satisfied subtyping criteria, after controlling for other comorbidity. Implications for classifying alcoholics by comorbid disorders are discussed.  (Abstract reprinted by permission of The American Psychological Association.)

Additional Information:

57.9% meet criteria for at least one PD. APD = 22.7%, men higher than women 27.5% vs 9.1%
BPD (borderline = 22.4%, P PD (paranoid) = 20.7%
More than one PD = >50%; 34.5% had 3 or more PDs.

NOTE: Differences given between males and females, but sexual orientation not solicited. See 1985,6 paper “16PF” for related problems.
 

Rosario M, Hunter J, Gwadz M (1997).  Exploration of substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth: prevalence and correlates. Journal of Adolescent Research, 12(4), 454-76.

Abstract by authors: The prevalence and correlates of substance use and abuse were explored among lesbian gay male, and bisexual youth recruited from gay focused organizations in New York City. Lifetime substance use war prevalent and frequent, as was quantity of use and substance abuse symptoms: Few significant gender or ethnic differences emerged, but the significant differences unexpectedly indicated that the female youth were at greater risk for substance abuse than the male youth. Number of substances ever used and substance abuse symptoms were associated with initiating alcohol and illicit drugs to cope with psychological issues. However, number of substances ever used and substance abuse symptoms were not explained by social learning theory, social control theory, or self derogation theory when relations were explored. The findings are interpreted from the perspective of sexual identity, specifically that gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth may use substances to core with the societal stigma of homosexuality.
 

Skinner WF, Otis MD (1996). Drug and alcohol use among lesbian and gay people in a southern U.S. sample: epidemiological, comparative, and methodological findings from the Trilogy Project.  Journal of Homosexuality, 30(3), 59-92. Access abstract via PubMed's Medline. Place this "unique identifier number" - 96291630 - in SEARCH window.

Comment: Although Lifetime use is noted, information was not reported about history of more intense alcohol alcohol/drug use, nor about a history of treatment for abuse/addition. Many gay and lesbian individuals may be in these categories.
 

Travers R, Schneider M (1996). Barriers to accessibility for lesbian and gay youth needing addictions services. Youth & Society, 27(3), 356-78.

Highlights: If bisexual, some staff "insist that bisexuality did not exist."

"Thus, ironically, the addictions treatment setting and service providers tended to both mirror and reinforce the conditions that contributed to substance abuse in the first instance. ...In short, the participants in this study were denied, to a greater or lesser extent, the same quality of service afforded to their heterosexual counterparts specifically because of their sexual orientation." (p. 372)
 

Tuite DR, Luitan JW (1986). 16PF research into addiction meta-analysis and extension. The International Journal of the Addictions, 21(3), 287-323.

Abstract by authors: Meta-analysis of 34 studies on Cattell's 16PF test reveals ragged egos (C-), guilt (O), distrust (L), frustration (Q4), alienation (G-), vague identity (Q3-), alarm (H-), resentment (Q1), quasi-autism (M), scattered intellect (B-), grandiosity (E), autonomy (Q2), infantilism (I), avoidance (A-), and deviousness (N). The aberrant scores on E, G, I, Q1, and Q2 discriminate addicts from suicidals and the chronically ill or unemployed. We found nine types of addicts in our developmental study of 83 members of Alcoholics Anonymous. On the more stable second-order 16PF factors, 43% were highest on Autonomous, 37% on Desperate, 16% on Tough Poise, and 4% on Extravert. Profiles differed more by sexual preference than by gender. Recidivism was highest among homosexual men (38%) and the desperate (25%). Only the Fourth and Fifth Steps of the AA program seem crucial to recovery. Treatment programs based on these and tailored to sexual preference and the second-order personality types seem highly advisable.

Additional Information:
“Our own data indicate that categorizing by gender may actually mask more differences which may be due to sexual preferences and/or second-order personality type (Table 9). For example, two-tail t tests (separate variances) found significant differences between genders only on factor L (gullible-paranoid). But chi-square tests of the sten distribution of hetero- versus homosexual males found a significant difference on G (amoral-altruistic); and between straight versus lesbian women on N (naïve-devious) and Q4 (serene-frustrated).” p. 305

Homosexual males more altruistic than heterosexual males. Altruism level for homosexual males about the same as heterosexual women. Altruism level for lesbians about the same as heterosexual males.
 

Winters KC, Remafedi G, Chan BY (1996). Assessing drug abuse among gay-bisexual young men. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 10(4), 228-36.

Abstract by authors: The utility of an adolescent drug abuse screening tool was explored in a sample (N = 501) of young gay bisexual men at risk for HIV AIDS transmission. The Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire (PESQ; K. C. Winters,. 1992) revealed favorable evidence of internal consistency reliability (coefficient alpha) and convergent validity with alternative measures of problem severity and delinquency behaviors. Nearly 20% of the sample had scale scores in the elevated range. The PESQ was highly associated with risky sexual behaviors, including using drugs during sex, engaging in unprotected sex, sad having multiple sex partners. Study results are discussed in terms of the content and structural similarity of drug abuse among male gays bisexuals relative of male heterosexuals and in terms of the need for early drug abuse intervention for young gay bisexual men engaging in risky sexual behaviors.
 

McKirnan DJ, Peterson PL (1989). Alcohol and drug use among homosexual men and women: epidemiology and population characteristics. Addictive Behaviors, 14(5), 545-53.

Abstract by authors: Homosexual men and women have been described as at high risk for alcohol and drug abuse, due to psychosocial variables such as stress levels or the cultural importance of bar settings. However, there are few actual data in this regard. This paper presents the findings of a large (n = 3400) survey of a homosexual population regarding population characteristics and patterns of alcohol and drug use. Psychosocial variables that may account for substance use patterns both generally and in this population are discussed in an accompanying paper. Substantially higher proportions of the homosexual sample used alcohol, marijuana, or cocaine than was the case in the general population. Contrary to other reports, this was not accompanied by higher rates of heavy use, although homosexuals did show higher rates of alcohol problems. In the general population women consume less drugs and alcohol than do men, and substance use substantially declines with age. Neither of these patterns were found for the homosexual sample, thus creating overall higher rates of substance abuse. This may reflect differences between homosexuals and the general population in their adherence to sex-role stereotypes and age-related social role changes, as well as culturally specific stressors and vulnerability to substance use.

NOTE: A history of alcohol or drug abuse/treatment was not taken.
 

Hughes TL, Wilsnack SC (1997). Use of alcohol among lesbians: research and clinical implications.  American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 67 (1) : 20-36. (wrong title)

Abstract by authors: Clinical studies have found elevated rates of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) in women seeking treatment
for alcohol or drug abuse, and elevated rates of alcohol and drug disorders among female psychiatric patients with histories of CSA. The present study examines the relationship of CSA to women's use of alcohol and other drugs in a large, nationally representative sample of U.S. women. Method: As part of a national survey of women's drinking, 1,099 women were asked about sexual experiences occurring before age 18. Women who reported sexual experiences classified as abusive were compared to women without histories of CSA on nine measures of substance use, self perception of anxiousness, the occurrence of one or more lifetime depressive episodes, five measures of sexual dysfunction, and early onset of masturbation and consensual sexual intercourse. Results: Results of legit analyses, controlling for age, ethnicity and parental education, indicated that women with histories of CSA were significantly more likely than women without CSA histories to report recent alcohol use, intoxication, drinking related problems and alcohol dependence symptoms lifetime use of prescribed psychoactive drugs and illicit drugs; depression and anxiety; pain that prevented intercourse; and consensual sexual intercourse before age 15. Conclusions. Findings from this U.S. national sample support those of previous clinical studies and suggest that women's experience of sexual abuse in childhood may be an important risk factor for later substance abuse, psychopathology and sexual dysfunction. Implications of these findings for future research, treatment and prevention are discussed.
 

Additional Information: A review of the literature on the prevalence of alcohol use and problems among lesbians reveals that the few studies yielding information on this population are beset by design and methodological problems, Those factors possibly associated with higher risk status of lesbians are identified, as are gaps in the literature, and implications for clinical practice and research are discussed.

Ziebold TO, Mongeon JE, Eds. (1985). Alcoholism and Homosexuality. Also published in the Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 7(4), 1982. Access the full references & links to abstracts. 

Paper titles: -  Alcoholism and homosexuality: a theoretical perspective. - Preventing alcohol abuse in the gay community: toward a theory and model. - Alcoholics Anonymous and the gay alcoholic. - A gay-identified alcohol treatment program: a follow-up study. - Specific approaches and techniques in the treatment of gay male alcohol abusers. - Counseling the homosexual alcoholic. - The ties that bind: strategies for counseling the gay male co-alcoholic. - Alcoholism and the homosexual community. - Who should be doing what about the gay alcoholic? - Working together: the National Association of Gay Alcoholism Professionals.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

  The development of these GLBT information web pages were made possible through the collaboration of Richard Ramsay (Professor, Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary) and Pierre Tremblay (independent researcher, writer, and GLBT children and youth advocate) who both recognize that often needed social changes occur as the result of knowledge availability and dissemination. Additional Information at: Warning, Acknowledgments, Authors.

These GLBTQ Info-Pages were located at the University of Southampton from 2000 to 2003, this being the result of a collaboration with Dr. Chris Bagley, Department of Social Work Studies, University of Southampton.

Graphics are compliments of Websight West. The Synergy Centre donated computer/Internet time to facilitate the construction of this GLBT information site. Both are owned by a Chris Hooymans, a friend, and former publisher of a gay & lesbian magazine in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Chris continues to offer his expertise whenever needed and he has supplied, free of charge, the hosting of the site - Youth Suicide Problems: A Gay / Bisexual Male Focus - at which a smaller - GLBTQ Education Section - and the Internet Resource Page for this subject (http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/links8b.htm) is located.

Computer time was also supplied by Rick Reist & Glenn Lynas, and Glenn also supplied other forms of assistance.

Many thanks to Wendy Stephens from The Department of Communications Media, University of Calgary.  She communicated with publishers of many academic journals (an ongoing time-consuming process) for permission to reproduce abstracts from papers and studies on these GLBT information web pages.

INFORMATION LIMITATIONS

The information made available on this web page does not represent all the relevant information available on the Internet, nor in professional journals and in other publications.

This web page was constructed to supply a spectrum of information for individuals seeking to understand one or more of the many gay, lesbian, bisexual, queer and transgender issues.


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