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Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual & Trangender Suicidality

Papers & Documents on the Internet

 
Two Studies Are Re-Analysed by Plöderl et al., (2013) In The Published Study: "Suicide Risk and Sexual Orientation: A Critical Review."
Conclusion: Sexual Minority Adolescents Are At Greater Risk for Dying by Suicide. The Expanded Analysis Related to This Study is Available!

"While interventions aimed at addressing suicide risk factors for all youth are being implemented and many have proven effective in the general population, no evidence- based intervention currently exists to reduce suicide risk within [the LGBT] population." Marshall A (2016). Suicide Prevention Interventions for Sexual & Gender Minority Youth: An Unmet Need. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 89: 205-213. PDF Download.

A World First! - - Jacobs R, Morris S (2016). National LGBTI Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Strategy: A New Strategy for Inclusion and Change: An Australian Government initiative. Related Article. Document PDF Download.


Sent(a)Mental Project - A Memorial to GLBTIQA Suicides / Final Version (2009)

Talking About Suicide & LGBT Populations (2011): Suggestions & Recommendations.

Feds support new national LGBT youth suicide prevention task force (USA, 2010)

Related: 1, 2, 3. Notes of Caution / Warnings: 1, 2 (Paragraphs 7-9), 3, 4.
Will it be white racist GLBT suicide prevention? - To be Ignored: Two Spirit Youth? GLBT Street Youth?
Will these GB adolescent males also be ignored as it was done by HIV/AIDS Prevention Researchers?

To Effectively Address a Serious Problem, Good to Know How It Developed. Related Paper.
A Department of Silence: Bullying of LGBT youth not a priority (2010).
Shutting LGBT Students Out: How Current Anti-Bullying Policies Fail America’s Youth (2011)
LGBT youth suicide reports show need for more studies (2011).

Jamie Hubley, Gay 15-Year-Old Ottawa, Canada (2011). Related: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
"I hate being the only open gay guy in my school… It f***ing sucks, I really want to end it. Like all of it, I not getting better
theres 3 more years of highschool left, Iv been on 4 different anti -depressants, none of them worked. I’v been depressed since january,
How f***ing long is this going to last. People said “It gets better”. Its f***ing bull****. I go to see psychologist,
What the f*** are they suppost to f***ing do? All I do is talk about problems, it doesnt make them dissapear?? I give up."
Gay teens 'terrorized' in Canada's schools (2009, Study). Related: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
It Gets Better Project. - Related Thesis. - The “It Gets Better Campaign”: An unfortunate use of queer futurity.
Why should LGBTQ students have to wait for it to get better? We have the power to make it better now.
School should not be about survival. PDF.
Jamey Rodemeyer Suicide (2011): 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
Anti-gay bullying leads to another tragic teen suicide (2011): Nicholas Kelo Jr... was 13 years old.
It is unknown as to whether or not Nick was gay, but that did not stop his bullies or their attacks... 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

Gay teen Lance Lundsten's death ruled a suicide (2011): 1, 2, 3.
New study shows that before things “get better,” there are consequences.
Make It Better Project (2011). - Does it ever really get better? (2011)
Negative gay community description, with the white racism missing.
The 2011 University GLB Student Suicidality & Deliberate Self-Injury Alert!

Author Keith Boykin's new book (2011: Amazon: 2012 - Reviews: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 - Interview):
For Colored Boys Who Have Considered Suicide When The Rainbow Is Still Not Enough
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43 Percent of Black Gay Youth Have Contemplated or Attempted Suicide. Survey Results.

GLBT Papers Made Available Online by Researchers:


Download Pages: Gary RemafediSusan Cochran (Access via "Reprints of Publications"). Gregory M. Herek and others Esther Rothblum. Michael ShernoffMartin Plöderl.

Document Containing the Resources Available for GLBT Adolescent Suicide Prevention in Schools:
SAMHSA (2012). Preventing Suicide: A Toolkit for High Schools. PDF Download.

GLBT Suicidality Related Issues

Adam P (2001). Depression, tentatives de suicide et prise de risque parmi les lecteurs de la presse gay française. Presented at “Vulnerabilite Des Jeunes Gays Et Lesbiennes Et Risque De Suicide: État de la question et pistes de prevention” - Synthèse de la journée d’étude organisée le 17 juillet 2001: http://centres.fusl.ac.be/OBSERVATOIRE/document/Nouveau_site/Publications/Suicide/suicide.pdf N/A. Full Text.

Adam P (2001). Depression, tentatives de suicide et prise de risque parmi les lecteurs de la presse gay française. Presented at “Vulnerabilite Des Jeunes Gays Et Lesbiennes Et Risque De Suicide: État de la question et pistes de prevention” - Synthèse de la journée d’étude organisée le 17 juillet 2001: Full Text N/A. Full Text.

Adolescent Health Research Group (2008). Youth’07: The Health and Wellbeing of Secondary School Students in New Zealand. Technical Report. Auckland: The University of Auckland. Download Page.

Amato L, Halgin R (2009?). Laura's Playground Transgender, Transsexual, HBS, Intersexed Suicide Attempt Survey: Results. Reference. Results.

American Journal of Public Health (June, 2001: 91-6). Special Issues on GLBT. Table of Contents: Full Text. Full Text with all papers available free.

Anderson, Clinton W., et al. (2005). Joint Division 19 and Division 44 Task Force on Sexual Orientation and Military Service: Final report and strategic plan. Washington, DC: APA. Full Text.

Anderson JD (1994). School climate for gay and lesbian students and staff members. Phi Delta Kappan, Oct,151-154. Internet: http://www.wiu.edu/users/mitfeh/ptf_ande.htm .

Artiñano, Nestor (2004). El suicidio en jóvenes homosexuales. KAIRÓS, Revista de Temas Sociales, 8(14). PDF. Translation.

Audet PE (2004). La prévention du suicide chez les personnes homosexuelles: Une question de santé mentale: Rapport d’un groupe de réflexion initié par Gai Écoute. Montréal: Gai Écoute. PDF.

Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations (AFAO) (1998). Consultation Report and Sexual Health Strategy. Full Text.

Bagley Chris, D'Augelli Anthony (2000). Editorial: Suicidal behaviour in gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth. BMJ, 320 (June), 1617-1618. - http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/320/7250/1617 .

Bagley, Chris, and Tremblay, Pierre (2000). Suicidal Crisis and Depression and the Emergence of Homosexual Identity in Young Males. (STAND 2001 Article: PDF Download N/A).

Bagley, Chris, and Tremblay, Pierre (1998). On the prevalence of homosexuality and bisexuality in a random community survey of 750 men aged 18 to 27. The Journal of Homosexuality, 36(2), 1-18. Internet Availability: - http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/homodemo.htm .

Bagley, Chris, and Tremblay, Pierre (1997a). Suicidality problems of gay and bisexual males: Evidence from a random community survey of 750 men aged 18 to 27. In Chris Bagley and Richard Ramsay, Eds.. Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents and Adults, 177-193 Aldershot, England: Ashgate. Internet Availability: - http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/suicide.htm .

Bagley, Chris, and Tremblay, Pierre (1997). Suicidal behaviors in homosexual and bisexual males. Crisis, 18(1), 24-34. Abstract. Internet Availability (Alternate version of the paper): - http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/suicide.htm .

Bailey, J Michael (1999). Homosexuality and mental illness. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56(10), 883-4. Internet Availability: - http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/issues/v56n10/full/ycm9269.html N/A .

Balsam KF, Beauchaine TP, Mickey RM, Rothblum ED (2005). Mental health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and heterosexual siblings: effects of gender, sexual orientation, and family. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114(3):471-6. PubMed Abstract. Full Text. PDF Download.

Beck F, Firdion JM., Legleye S, Schiltz MA (2010). Les minorités sexuelles face au risque suicidaire. Acquis des sciences sociales et perspectives. Saint-Denis : Inpes, coll. Santé en action, 2010 : 112 p. Full Text. Download Page.

Bell AP, and Weinberg MS (1978). Homosexualities: a study of diversity among men & women. Simon and Schuster, N.Y. Research Highlights.

Benbow N (2005). 2003 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) Summary of Results From A Representative Sample of Students From Selected Chicago Public High Schools. PDF Download.

Beyond Blue (2009). Depression and anxiety in gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex people (GLBTI). Australia. PDF Download.

Blumenfeld WJ, Lindop L (1994). GLBT Youth Suicide. Gay, Lesbian & Straight Teachers Network (GLSTN). Full Text. Full Text. Full Text.

Boarts JM (2008). Psychological predictors of health risk behaviors in minority lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered adolescents. PhD. Thesis, Department of Psychology, Jent State University. Download Page. PDF.

Bolton S-L, Sareen J (2011). Sexual Orientation and Its Relation to Mental Disorders and Suicide Attempts: Findings From a Nationally Representative Sample. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 56(1): 35-43. Full Text. Full Text.

Bontempo DE, D’Augelli AR (2002). Effects of at school victimization and sexual orientation on lesbian, gay, or bisexual youths’ health risk behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health, 30(5), 364-374. PubMed AbstractFull Text. Full Text.

Borowsky IW, Resnick MD, Ireland M, Blum RW (1999)Suicide attempts among American Indian and Alaska Native youth: risk and protective factors. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 153(6): 573-80. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Botnick M, Heath K, Martindale S, Schechter M, O'Shaughnessy MV, Bob Hogg (1999). Social determinant of suicide attempts among young men who have sex with men. Paper presented at the 4th Annual AIDS Impact Conference on Bio-psychosocial Aspects of HIV Infection in Ottawa in July 1999. Internet: http://www.cahrconf.hivnet.ubc.ca/vanguard/5YR/5YR070.html N/A (Alternate Link) . Related Paper: Botnick MR, Heath KV, Cornelisse PG, Strathdee SA, Martindale SL, Hogg RS (2002). Correlates of suicide attempts in an open cohort of young men who have sex with men. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 93(1): 59-62. Internet:  (PubMed Abstract) PDF Download.

Boulder County Public Health (2008). 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Survey: Boulder & St. Vrain School Districts. PDF Download

Boulder County Public Health (2006). 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey: Boulder & St. Vrain School Districts. PDF Download. Download Page.

Boulder County Public Health (2005). '2003 Youth Risk Behavior Survey: Boulder & St. Vrain School Districts' Section 2: Results by Sexual Orientation (countywide data). Download Page. Downloads: http://www.co.boulder.co.us/health/HP/pdfs/SVVSDSection2.pdf - http://www.co.boulder.co.us/health/commhlth/safeZone/pdf/YRBSlgYouth.pdf .

Bradford J, Ryan C, Rothblum ED (1994). National Lesbian Health Care Survey: implications for mental health care. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62(2): 228-42. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Brennan DJ, Ross LE, Dobinson C, Veldhuizen S, Steele LS (2010). Men's sexual orientation and health in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 101(3): 255-8. Abstract. PDF Download. Full Text.

Brown, Graham (1999). Here For Life: An Overview of Some Early Results. Youth Suicide Prevention Bulletin, 3. Australian Institute of Fsamily Studies. Internet: http://www.aifs.gov.au/ysp/pubs/bull3brown.pdf N/A Alternate Link.

Brown, Rhonda (2002). Self Harm and Suicide Risk for Same-Sex Attracted Young People: A Family Perspective. Australian e-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health (AeJAMH), 1(1). Full Text. Full Text.

Browne K (2007). Count Me In Too: LGBT Lives in Brighton & Hove: Initial Findings: Academic Report. PDF Download. Download Page.

Browne K, Lim J (2008). Count Me In Too: LGBT Lives in Brighton & Hove: Mental Health: Additional Findings Report. PDF Download. Download Page.

Buffoli A, Colucci E (2007). Self-harm and suicidal behaviour among young Italian lesbians, gays and bisexuals. Paper presented at the 2007 International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) Conference, Killarney, Ireland. Abstract (Word Download). Related Information: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Cant B (2002). Are They There? Report of Research into Health Issues relating to Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Young People in Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham. Centre for Community Partnership Research, South Bank University, Faculty of Health: Health First. PDF Download.

Carolan F, Redmond S (Youthnet, 2003). ShOut: Research into the Needs of Young People in Northern Ireland Who Identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and/or Transgender (LGBT). Commissioned by the Department of Education. Belfast, Ireland: Youthnet. Internet:  Full Text. Full Text.

Chaffin, Greg W (2003). Sexual Orientation and Youth: The Issue of our Time. The Indiana School Counselor, 13(3): 1-2. Internet: http://isca.indiana.edu/iscaspring2003.pdf N/A.

Chemin A (2005). Le suicide révèle la souffrance singulière des jeunes homosexuels. Le Monde, September 10. Internet: http://www.lemonde.fr/web/article/0,1-0@2-3226,36-687413@51-687537,0.html .

Ciszek, Erica (2011). In Our Own Voice: A Narrative Analysis of the It Gets Better Project and Digital Storytelling. PDF.

Clark TC, Robinson E, Crengle S, Herd R, Grant S, Denny S (2008). Te Ara Whakapiki Taitamariki. Youth’07: The Health and Wellbeing Survey of Secondary School Students in New Zealand. Results for Māori Young  People. Auckland: The University of Auckland. Download Page.

Clements-Nolle K, Marx R, Guzman R, Katz M (2001). HIV prevalence, risk behaviors, health care use, and mental health status of transgender persons: implications for public health intervention. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6): 915-21. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Cochand P, Dennler G, Weber O (2002). Perception du système de soins par les jeunes hommes homosexuels. Revue Médicale Suisse, 615, 27/03/2002. Full Text.

Cochand P, Moret P, Singy P (2000). Incidence du développement de l’identité sexuelle sur les risques de contamination par le VIH chez les homosexuels et bisexuels de 25 ans et moins en Suisse romande. Lausanne, Suisse. Internet: http://www.lambda-education.ch/content/menus/doc/etude.html .

Cochran SD (2001). Emerging issues in research on lesbians' and gay men's mental health: does sexual orientation really matter? The American Psychologist, 56(11):931-47. Abstract. Full Text.

Cochran SD, Sullivan JG, Mays VM (2003). Prevalence of mental disorders, psychological distress, and mental health services use among lesbian, gay and bisexual adults in the United States. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71(1): 53-61. Internet:  http://www.stat.ucla.edu/~cochran/PDF/PrevalenceDisordersLGBinUS.pdf  .

Cochran SD, Keenan C, Schober C, Mays VM (2000). Estimates of Alcohol Use and Clinical Treatment Needs Among Homosexually Active Men and Women in the U.S. Population. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68(6): 1062-1071. Intrernet: http://web.stat.ucla.edu/~cochran/PDF/AlcoholAndTreatmentInMenWomUS.pdf .

Cochran SD, Mays VM, Alegria M, Ortega AN, Takeuchi D (2007). Mental health and substance use disorders among Latino and Asian American lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 75(5): 785-94. Abstract. Full Text. Full Text.

Cochran SD, Mays VM (2009). Burden of psychiatric morbidity among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals in the California Quality of Life Survey. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 118(3): 647-58. PDF. Abstract.

Cochran SD, Mays VM (2000). Lifetime prevalence of suicide symptoms and affective disorders among men reporting same-sex sexual partners: results from NHANES III. American Journal of Public Health, 90(4): 573-8. Internet: http://www.stat.ucla.edu/~cochran/PDF/LifetimeSuicideSymptomsAffectiveDisordersMen.pdf - http://www.ajph.org/cgi/reprint/90/4/573.pdf.  (PubMed Abstract)

Cochran, S D, Mays V M (2000). Relation Between Psychiatric Syndromes and Behaviorally Defined Sexual Orientation in a Sample of the US Population. American Journal of Epidemiology, 151(5): 516-523. Internet: http://www.stat.ucla.edu/~cochran/PDF/RelationOfSyndromesOrientationUS.pdf  . (PubMed Abstract)

Cochran, S D, Mays V M (1994). Depressive Distress Among Homosexually Active African-American Men and Women. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151(4): 524-529. Internet: http://www.stat.ucla.edu/~cochran/PDF/DepressiveDistressHomosexualAfricanMenWomen.pdf . (PubMed Abstract)

Committee on Adolescence - The American Academy of Pediatrics (2000). Suicide and Suicide Attempts in Adolescents. Pediatrics, 105(4): 871-874. Internet: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/105/4/871 . Full Text.

Committee on Adolescence - The American Academy of Pediatrics (2000). Homosexuality and Adolescence. Pediatrics, 92(4): 631-634. Internet: http://www.aap.org/policy/05072.html N/A .

Community Consultants Ltd. (2006). L. Inc Lesbian Health Research: A study of the general health of the Lesbian community in Cork. Commissioned by: L. Inc (Lesbians in Cork) Ltd. Funded by the Health Service Executive South. Full Text.

Cooke, Kathryn (2007). Homosexual Teen Suicide. Student Paper. Full Text.

Corliss HL, Cochran SD, Mays VM (2002). Reports of Parental Maltreatment During Childhood in a United States Population-based Survey of Homosexual, Bisexual and Heterosexual Adults. Child Abuse and Neglect, 26: 1165-1178. Internet:  http://www.stat.ucla.edu/~cochran/PDF/ChildhoodMaltreatmentCorliss.pdf  .  (PubMed Abstract)

Corneau S, Holmes D (2008). Détresse psychique et homosexualité: état des connaissances et enjeux méthodologiques de recherche. Santé mentale, n°132: 17-22. Full Text. Full Text.

Cover, Rob (2011). The Chasm and the Abyss: Queer Theory and the Socialities of Queer Youth Suicide. Interalia, 6(1): 1-22. PDF Download.

Cover, Rob (2010). Politicising Queer Issues and Activism: Disciplinarity, Biopolitics and the Means by which Activist Issues Enter the Public Sphere. Reconstruction, 10(3). Full Text. See paragraphs 7-9.

Coxell A, King M, Mezey G, Gordon D (1999). Lifetime prevalence, characteristics, and associated problems of non-consensual sex in men: cross sectional survey. British Medical Journal, 318: 846-850. Internet: http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/reprint/318/7187/846 .  (PubMed Abstract)

Crabe C (Nursingmatters, 2008). Gay Straight Alliance helps LGBT students feel safe. Full Text.

Crawford I, Allison KW, Zamboni BD, Soto T (2002). The influence of dual-identity development on the psychosocial functioning of African-American gay and bisexual men. Journal of Sex Research, 39(3): 179-89. Full Text. Full Text.

Cull M, Platzer H, Balloch S (2006). Out On My Own: Understanding the Experiences and Needs of Homeless Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth. Brighton & Hove, England: Health and Social Policy Research Centre, Faculty of Health, School of Applied Social Science, University of Brighton. Internet: Full Text. Research Summary: http://www.brighton.ac.uk/sass/research/reports/LGBT_summary.pdf N/A. - (Alternate Link).

Curran, Greg (2002). Young Queers Getting Together: Moving Beyond Isolation and Loneliness. Ph.D. Thesis, Youth Research Centre, Department of Education Policy and Management, The University of Melbourne. Internet: Title, Abstract: http://eprints.unimelb.edu.au/archive/00000428/ - Thesis Download (PDF): http://eprints.unimelb.edu.au/archive/00000428/01/Greg%5FCurran%5FPhD%5FThesis.pdf.

D'Augelli AR (2002). Mental Health Problems among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths Ages 14 to 21. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 7(3): 433–456. Sage Abstract. Full Text.

D'Augelli AR, Grossman AH, Salter NP, Vasey JJ, Starks MT, Sinclair KO (2005). Predicting the suicide attempts of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 35(6): 646-60. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

D'Augelli AR, Grossman AH (2001).  Disclosure of Sexual Orientation, Victimization, and Mental Health Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Older Adults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16(10): 1008-1027. Sage Abstract. Full Text. Full Text.

D’Augelli AR, Hershberger SL (1993). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth in community settings: Personal challenges and mental health problems. American Journal of Community Psychology, 21(4), 421–448. Springer Abstract. Full Text.

D’Augelli AR, Hershberger SL, Pilkington NW (2001). Suicidality patterns and sexual orientation-related factors among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31(3), 250–265. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Davies, Stephen (1998). Personal views: The death of a footballer [Justin Fashanu], equality, and medicine. BMJ, 317, 220. - http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1113569 .

Davis, Amy S (2010). Suicide Survivorship Among Lesbians. PhD. Dissertation. Antioch University Seattle. Download Page.

Davis, Katherine (2010). Application of a Leadership Approach to Address Suicide among Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Youth. Florida Public Health Review, 7: 4-8. PDF Download.

Davis, Mark (2006). Exclusion to Inclusion of Sexual and Gender Minorities in Behavioral Health Services. Full Text.

Dean L, et al (2000). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health: Findings and Concerns. Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association (JGLMA), 4(3): 101-151. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Diaz RM, Ayala G (2001). Discriminacion Social y la Salud: El Caso de los Hombres Latinos Homosexuales y el Riesgo de Infeccion por HIV. The Policy Instituteof the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. Internet:  http://www.caps.ucsf.edu/espanol/programas/HLS/pdf/DiazEsp.pdf .

Diaz RM, Ayala G (2001). Social Discrimination and Health: The Case of Latino Gay Men and HIV Risk. The Policy Instituteof the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. Internet: http://www.caps.ucsf.edu/espanol/programas/HLS/pdf/DiazEng.pdf  .
 
Díaz RM, Ayala G, Bein E, Henne J, Marin BV (2001). The impact of homophobia, poverty, and racism on the mental health of gay and bisexual Latino men: findings from 3 US cities. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6):927-32.
Full Text. Abstract.

District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS, 2008). 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Survey: Sexual Minority Baseline Fact Sheet. PDF Download N/A. - Serious Issues for Gay Teens Emerge in Youth Risk Behavior Survey  2008, Related data given).  - Gay students more likely to consider suicide: study. Survey shows D.C. gay youth face bullying, harassment (2008). "30.6 percent of gay teens considered suicide in the previous year, 28.9 percent made a plan to commit suicide and 32.6 percent attempted suicide. That compares to 13.8 percent, 12.1 percent and 8.6 percent respectively in those same categories for their straight counterparts.

Doig E (2001). Respect for Difference: Suicide prevention for young same sex attracted people. A Resource for Teachers and Trainers from The 'Don't Take Your Life - Celebrate It' Project. The Second Story Youth Health Service, Child and Youth Health. Adelaide, South Australia. Word Download.

Dong, Arthur (Film, 1997). Licenced to Kill. Deep Focus Productions, Inc. Internet: http://www.deepfocusproductions.com/licensed_to_kill.php .

Dyck DR (2013). LGBTQ Youth Suicide Prevention: Summary: Report on Outcomes and Recommendations. Ottawa: Egale Canada Human Rights Trust. PDF Download. Download Page.

Dyson S, Mitchell A, Smith A, Dowsett G, Pitts M, Hillier L (2003)Don't Ask, Don't Tell. Hidden in the crowd: The Need for Documenting Links between Sexuality and Suicidal Behaviours Among Young People. Melbourne, Australia: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Egale Canada. (2009). Youth speak up about homophobia and transphobia. PDF Download. Summary.

Eisenberg M, Henry W (2003). Substance use behaviors among college students with same-sex and opposite-sex experience: results from a national study. Addictive behaviors, 28: 899–913. Internet: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/cas/Documents/samesex/samesex.pdf . (PubMed Abstract)

ETR Associates (ETRA, 2008b). High School Youth Risk Behavior & Resiliency Results. PDF Download. Download Page.

Farley SM, Disare K, Poreda H, McVeigh KH, Van Wye G, Kerker B (2008). Mental Health of New York City Youth. A report from the New York City Youth Risk Behavior Survey. NYC Vital Signs 7(2): 1-4. PDF Download.

Faulkner AH, Cranston K (1998). Correlates of same-sex sexual behavior in a random sample of Massachusetts high school students. American Journal of Public Health, 88(2): 262-6. Full Text. Abstract.

Fergusson D, Horwood L, and Beautrais A (1999). Is sexual orientation related to mental health problems and suicidality in young people? Archives of General Psychiatry, 56(10), 876-880. Internet Availability: - http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/issues/v56n10/full/yoa9081.html N/A - Full Text. - http://members.shaw.ca/barryneufeld/kiwi_study.htm (Alternate Link). For commentaries on research results see Friedman (1999), Remafedi (1999), and Bailey (1999). Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10530626 .

Fergusson DM, Horwood LJ, Ridder EM, Beautrais AL (2005). Sexual orientation and mental health in a birth cohort of young adults. Psychological Medicine, 35(7): 971-981. PubMed Abstract. PDF Download.

FHI-Rapport (2005). Homosexuellas, bisexuellas och transpersoners hälsosituation. Återrapportering av regeringsuppdrag att undersöka och analysera hälsosituationen bland  HBT-personer. (nr. 19) Statens folkhälsoinstitut [Gay, bisexual and transgender people's health. A goverment report examining and analysing the health situation among LGBT people. Translations to English was done by Google, with some editing needed.]. PDF Download.

Finnbogason, Signe (2010). Nonsuicidal self-injury in queer youth. Master's Dissertation, Counselling Psychology, University of British Columbia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Firdion J-M (2001). Le risque de suicide chez les jeunes a orientation non conventionnelle (lesbienne, bisexuels, gaus). Paris: Homosexualites et Socialisme. Full Text.

Friedman MS, Koeske GF, Silvestre AJ, Korr WS, Sites EW (2006). The impact of gender-role nonconforming behavior, bullying, and social support on suicidality among gay male youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 38(5): 621-3. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Fisher CM, Irwin JA, Coleman JD, McCarthy M, Chavez J (2011). The Midlands LGBT Needs Assessment Community Report. Omaha, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Medical Center. PDF Download.

Frankowski BL, AAP Committee on Adolescence (2004). Sexual Orientation and Adolescents. Clinical Report. Pediatrics, 113(6): 1827-1832. Internet: http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/pediatrics;113/6/1827.pdf .

Friedman MS, Koeske GF, Silvestre AJ, Korr WS, Sites EW (2006). The impact of gender-role nonconforming behavior, bullying, and social support on suicidality among gay male youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 38(5): 621-3. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Friedman MS, Marshal MP, Stall R, Cheong J, Wright ER (2008). Gay-related development, early abuse and adult health outcomes among gay males. AIDS and Behavior, 12(6): 891-902. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Friedman R (1999). Homosexuality, psychopathology, and suicidality. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56(10), 887-8. Internet Availability: - http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/issues/v56n10/full/ycm9268.html N/A .

Gamache P, Lazear KJ (2009). Asset-Based Approaches for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Questioning, Intersex, and Two-Spirit (LGBTQI2-S). The Research & Training Center for Children’s Mental Health, Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute, College of Behavioral & Community Sciences, University of South Florida. PDF Download.

Gangamma R, Slesnick N, Toviessi P, Serovich J (2008). Comparison of HIV Risks among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Heterosexual Homeless Youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37(4): 456-464. Full Text. Abstract.

Garofalo R, Wolf RC, Wissow LS, Woods ER, Goodman E (1999). Sexual orientation and risk of suicide attempts among a representative sample of youth. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 153(5): 487-93. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Gay and Lesbian Medical Association and LGBT health experts (2001). Healthy People 2010 Companion Document for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Health. San Francisco, CA: Gay and Lesbian Medical Association.  PDF Download. PDF Download.

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Illinois Department of Public Health - Injury Prevention Illinois (2011): Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Youth Suicide.  PDF Download.

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Marshall, Daniel (----). Celebrating Students’ Sexual and Gender Diversity. State Goverment, Victoria, Australia: Department of Education and Early Childhood Development. PDF Download. Suicidality survey results given.

Massachusetts Departments of Elementary and Secondary Education and Public Health (MDESE, MDPH, 2008). Health and Risk Behaviors of Massachusetts Youth, 2007: The Report. PDF Download. Download Page.

The Massachusetts Commission on Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender (GLBT) Youth (2007). Massachusetts High School Students and Sexual Orientation Results of the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. PDF Download. Download Page.

The Massachusetts Commission on Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender (GLBT) Youth (2005). Massachusetts High School Students and Sexual Orientation Results of the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. PDF Download. Download Page.

The Massachusetts Commission on Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender (GLBT) Youth (2003). Massachusetts High School Students and Sexual Orientation Results of the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. PDF Download.

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Mayock P, Bryan A, Carr N, Kitching K (2009). Supporting LGBT Lives: A Study of the Mental Health and Well-Being of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender people. Dublin: National Office of Suicide Prevention. Full Text. Full Text. Full Text. Download Page

Mays VM, Cochran SD (2001). Mental Health Correlates of Perceived Discrimination Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adults in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 91(11): 1869-76. Internet:  http://www.stat.ucla.edu/~cochran/PDF/MentalHealthDiscrimLGBinUS.pdf  . (PubMed Abstract)

McClaren S, Jude B, McLachlan AJ (2007). Sexual orientation, sense of belonging and depression in Australian men. International Journal of Men's Health, 6(3): 259-272. Full Text. Full Text.

McDaniel JS, Purcell DW, D'Augelli AR (2001). The relationship between sexual orientation and risk for suicide: research findings and future directions for research and prevention.. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31(Suppl.): 84-105. (Review) PubMed Reference. PDF Download. (Download Page)

MCES (2010). Suicide Prevention and Criminal Justice. MCES Quest, January. Norristown, PA: Montgomery County Emergency Service, Inc. PDF Download.

McNair R, Kavanagh A, Agius P, Tong B (2005). The mental health status of young adult and mid-life non-heterosexual Australian women. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 29(3): 265-71. PubMed Abstract. Cohort Studied:  Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health: ALSWH. PDF Download.

McNamee H (2006). Out on Your Own: An Examination of the Mental Health of Young Same-Sex Attracted Men. Belfast: The Rainbow Project. Internet: Download Page. PDF Download. Alternate Link.

Meads C, Buckley E, Sanderson P (2007). Ten years of lesbian health survey research in the UK West Midlands. BMC Public Health, 19(7): 251. Full Text. Abstract.

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Meyer IH (2007). Prejudice, Social Stress, and Mental Health in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations: Conceptual Issues and Research Evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129(5): 674–697. PDF Download.

Meyer IH (2007). Stress, Identity, and Health in Diverse NYC LGB Communities. Presentation. PDF Download. Suicidality survey results given.

Meyer IH (2003). Prejudice, Social Stress, and Mental Health in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations: Conceptual Issues and Research Evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129(5): 674–697. Internet: PDF Download. (Abstract)

Meyer IH, Dietrich J, Schwartz S (2008). Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders and suicide attempts in diverse lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. American Journal of Public Health, 98(6): 1004-6. Abstract PDF Download. (Download Page)

Mills TC, Paul J, Stall R, Pollack L, Canchola J, Chang YJ, Moskowitz JT, Catania JA (2004) . Distress and depression in men who have sex with men: the Urban Men's Health Study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161(4):776. PubMed Abstract. Full Text: PDF Download.

Ministere de la Sante, de la Jeunesse, des Sports et de la Vie Associative (2008)«Jeune et homo sous le regard des autres» : Un concours de scénarios pour lutter contre l’homophobie et ses conséquences: Dossier de presse. France: Ministere de la Sante, de la Jeunesse, des Sports et de la Vie Associative. PDF Download.

Moe J L, Leggett ES, Perera-Diltz D (2011). School counseling for systemic change: Bullying and suicide prevention for LGBTQ youth. PDF Download.

Morris JF, Waldo CR, Rothblum ED (2001). A model of predictors and outcomes of outness among lesbian and bisexual women. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 71(1): 61-71. Abstract PDF Download.

Morris, Sally (----). Open Doors: LGBT Youth Suicide Prevention Project. Queensland, Australia: Open Doors Youth Service Inc. PDF Download.

Morrison LL, L'Heureux J (2001). Suicide and gay / lesbian / bisexual youth: implications for clinicians. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1): 39-49. PubMed Abstract. Full Text: PDF Download. PDF Download.

Moseng, Ved Bera (2000). Selvmordsatferd blant lesbiske kvinner og homofile menn – en kunnskapsoversikt. Suicidologi, 3. Internet: http://www.med.uio.no/ipsy/ssff/tids0003/Moseng.htm N/A Alternate Link.

Murphy, Heather Elise (2007). Suicide risk among gay, lesbian and bisexual college youth. PhD. Dissertation, Educational Psychology, University of Washington. Abstract from a conference presentation. PDF Download. Download Page. Related news item.

National Association of Friendship Centres (2008). Supporting Two Spirited Peoples: Discussion Paper (PDF Download).

Nemoto T, Keatley J, Operario D,  Soma T (2002). Psychosocial Factors affecting HIV Risk Behaviors among Male to Female transgenders in San Francisco. Poster # WePeE6583, presented at the XIV International AIDS Conference in Barcelona, Spain, July 2002. Internet: http://www.hawaii.edu/hivandaids/Psychosocial%20Factors%20Affecting%20HIV%20Risk%20Behaviors%20Among%20MTF%20Transgenders.pdf .

Nemoto T, Operario D, Keatley J, Han L, Soma T (2004). HIV risk behaviors among male-to-female transgender persons of color in San Francisco. American Journal of Public Health, 94(7): 1193-9. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Nicholas J, Howard J (2001). Same-Sex Attracted Youth Suicide: Why are we still talking about it? Presented at the Suicide Prevention Australia National Conference, Sydney, April. The PowerPoint presentation was made available to the authors by John Howard. Study results also presented a 2006 Suicide Prevention Day Forum. PDF.

Nicholas J, Howard J (2006). Better dead than Gay?: Are same sex attracted youth more at risk for suicide than straight youth? PPT Presentation. PDF Download.

Nickels SJ, Walls NE, Laser JA, Wisneski H (2012). Differences in Motivations of Cutting Behavior Among Sexual Minority Youth. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 29(1): 41-59. PDF Download. Abstract.

Noyes P, Alberti P, Ghai N (2008). Health Behaviors among Youth in East and Central Harlem, Bedford-Stuyvesant and Bushwick, and the South Bronx. New York, NY: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Full Text.

O'Donnell S, Meyer I, Schwartz S (2011). Increased Risk of Suicide Attempts Among Black and Latino Lesbians, Gay Men, and Bisexuals. American Journal of Public Health. Abstract. Full Text.

Olshen E, McVeigh KH, Wunsch-Hitzig RA, Rickert VI (2007). Dating violence, sexual assault, and suicide attempts among urban teenagers. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 161(6): 539-45. Abstract. PDF.

Omar, Hishamuddin Bin (2011). Constitutive rhetoric and the rhetoric of hope in the It Gets Better project. Master of Arts' Dissertation, San Diego State University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Ortiz-Hernández L, Garcia Torres MI (2005). Efectos de la violencia y la discriminación en la salud mental de bisexuales, lesbianas y homosexuales de la Ciudad de México. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 21(3): 913-925. Abstract & Full Text. http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=abstract&id=115263&year=2005&volume=21&issue=3&toc=y .

O’Shaughnessy M, et al. (2004). Safe Place to Learn: Consequences of Harassment Based on Actual or Perceived Sexual Orientation and Gender Non-Conformity and Steps for Making Schools Safer. CA: California Safe Schools Coalition and 4-H Center for Youth Development, University of California, Davis. Full Text.

Otis J (2002). Événements suicidaires chez les hommes gais. Vis-à-vie, 10(2). Internet: http://www.aqps.info/docs/vav/v10/v10n2-05.html N/A. Archive Link.

Pace, Melanie R (2011). Cultural Competence in Addressing Within-Group Diversity in Sexual Minority Adolescents. The University of North Carolina at Charlotte. PDF Download.

Padilla J, VanKim N (2009). Collection of Sexual Orientation Health Data in New Mexico. PDF Download.

Parker R (2005). A Review of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Adolescent Research: Depression and Suicide. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12. Full Text.

Pathela, Preeti (2008). Same-sex sexual behavior and sexual risk behaviors among in-school youth in New York City: representative data from the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Paper presented at the 2008 National STD Prevention Conference, March 10-13, Chicago, Illinois. Abstract. PPT PresentationDownload Page.

Paul JP, Catania J, Pollack L, Moskowitz J, Canchola J, Mills T, Binson D, Stall R (2002). Suicide attempts among gay and bisexual men: lifetime prevalence and antecedents. American Journal of Public Health, 92(8): 1338-45. Internet: http://www.lgbthealth.net/downloads/research/AJPHSuicideAttempts.pdf - http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1447240&blobtype=pdf. (PubMed Abstract)

Peterson, Jean (2011). Gifted, Gay and Suicidal: A Study of the Adolescent Experience. PPT Presentation. PDF Download.

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Pinhey TK, Millman SR (2004). Asian/Pacific Islander adolescent sexual orientation and suicide risk in Guam. American Journal of Public Health, 94(7): 1204-6. PubMed Abstract. Full Text. Full Text: PDF Download.

Plöderl, Martin (2005). Sexuelle Orientierung, Suizidalität und psychische Gesundheit (Google Books).

Plöderl M, Faistauer G, Fartacek R (2008). The Contribution of Schools to the Feeling of Acceptance and the Risk of Suicide Attempts among Austrian Gay and Bisexual Males. Poster presentation at 34th Annual Meeting of the International Academy of Sex Research, July 2008, Leuven, Belgium. PDF Download.

Plöderl M, Kralovec K, Fartacek C, Fartacek R (2009). Homosexualität als Risikofaktor für Depression und Suizidalität bei Männern. Blickpunkt DER MANN: 7(4): 28-37. PDF Download.

Polders LA,  Nel JA, Kruger P, wells HL (2008). Factors affecting vulnerability to depression among gay men and lesbian women in Gauteng, South Africa. South African Journal of Psychology, 38(4): 673-687. PDF Download.

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