1: The most representative studies reporting on the
suicide attempt problem for gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth.
Adolescent HJealth Questionnnaire (AHQ). Family & Self-perception (Good
Indicators), Social Environment (Moderate Indicator). Three indicators
correctly classify 56% of attempters.
Constellation of predictors of suicide attempts: low self-esteem, alcohol
abuse, depression, loss of friend due to being gay/lesbian, plus negative
familial response to coming out.
Suicide attempt Reasons::
Family problems (44%(, Personal/ interpersonal turmoil related to sexual
orientation (33%), depression (30%), peer conflicts (22%), substance abuse
(15%), romance (11%). 75% of suicide attempts after self-identification,
1/3 within first year after. Multiple Logistic Regression Results: 3-times
risk for suicide attempt associated with being feminine and using illegal
drugs. With each year delay in self-identification (mean age = 13.7 years),
risk drops by 80%. Average age of suicide attempt = 15.5 years. Sample
resembles suicide completers with respect to family dysfunction, subtance
abuse, and many being repeat suicide attempters.
23. D'Augelli, AR., Hershberger,
SL. Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth in community settings: personal challenges
and mental health problems.
American Journal of Community Psychology,
1993; 21(4): 421-448.
29. Proctor, CD., and Groze,
VK. Risk factors for suicide among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth. Social
Work, 1994; 39(5):504-513.
31. Remafedi, G., Farrow,
JA., and Deisher, RW. Risk factors for attempted suicide in gay and bisexual
youth. Pediatrics, 1991;87(6): 869-875.