4: Studies reporting on gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth
suicide attempt incidences.
attempters versus non-attepters. Out to parent (53% vs 30%), discovered
gay by parents (37% vs 23%), by others in family (41% vs 28%), ridiculed
for sex identity (57% vs 45%), all not statistically significant. For all
males: lifetime prevalence rates 50% higher for alcohol use, 300%
higher for marijuana use, and 800% higher for cocaine / crack
use than national average for same-age youth. Lesser differences reported
in Magnuson (1992) study.
Substance abuse problems 26/37 males, 7/13 females. Positive family relationship:
only 2/37 males. Most prevalent feeling for females: isolation. First sexual
experience for males at 14 years (average), all with strangers. 35/37 homosexually
active. For females 5/13 = 38%. Most suicide attempters got mental health
services outside school. All deny their homosexual orientation to mental
24. Gibson, P. Gay and Lesbian
Youth Suicide. In: Feinlieb, MR., ed. Vol. 3: Prevention and Intervention
in Youth Suicide, Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Youth Suicide,
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 1989.
33. Rotheram-Borus, MJ.,
Hunter, J., and Rosario, M. Suicidal behavior and gay-related stress
among gay and bisexual male adolescents. Unpublished Manuscript, Columbia
University. Data and results summarized in #35, p. 265, 267.
35. Savin-Williams, RC. Verbal
and physical abuse in the lives of lesbian, gay male, and bisexual youth:
Associations with school problems, running away, substance abuse, prostitution,
and suicide. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1994;
37. Uribe, V., and Harbeck,
KM. Addressing the needs of les bian, gay, and bisexual youth: The origins
of PROJECT 10 and school-based intervention. In: Harbeck, Karen M., ed.
Out of the Classroom Closet. Haworth Press, Inc., Binghampton, N.Y.,
1992, pp. 9-28. Also published in the Journal of Homosexuality,