Aarons, Leroy (1996). Prayers for Bobby: a mother's coming to terms with the suicide of her gay son. San Francisco: Harper. Citation from Bobby's diary: http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/diversity/glhra/abuse.htm
AAUW (2001). Hostile Hallways: Bullying, Teasing, and Sexual Harassment. American Association of University Women Educational Foundation. Internet: http://www.aauw.edu . Report Download Web Page: http://www.aauw.org/research/girls_education/hostile.cfm
Adams ML (1997). The Trouble With Normal: Postwar Youth and the Making of Heterosexuality. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Add Health Data (2002). Codebooks for Wave 1 and Wave 2 surveys. Internet: http://www.cpc.unc.edu/projects/addhealth/codebooks.html
Ahmad Y, Smith PK (1991). Bullying in schools and the issue of sex differences. In: J Archer (Ed). Male Violence, 70-83. London: Routledge. (Cited by Rivers and Smith, 1994.)
Alias, Marilyn (2001). Gay teens less suicidal than thought, report says. USA Today, November 26. Internet: http://www.usatoday.com/news/healthscience/health/child/2001-11-26-gay-teens.htm - http://www.naspa.org/communities/kc/page.cfm?kcpageID=17&kcid=7 . At the news site (http://www.psycport.com/) for the American Psychological Association (APA: http://www.apa.org): http://www.psycport.com/stories/usatoday_2001_11_26_eng-usatoday_life_eng-usatoday_life_053033_137_664103691932.xml.html . In Detroit News: http://www.detnews.com/2001/homelife/0112/05/c02-353222.htm . In the Arizona Republic: New Study: Gay Teens's Suicide tries Overstated. Internet: http://www.arizonarepublic.com/smartliving/articles/1129gayteens1129.html .
Allport, G (1963). Foreword. In N. Farberow (Ed). Taboo Topics, vii–xii), New York: Atherton Press.
Altman D (1976). Homosexuel(le): oppression et libération. Paris: Éditions Fayard.
Alvear, Michael (2001). Nellies need not apply. Salon Magazine. Internet: http://www.salon.com/sex/feature/2001/08/01/nelly/
American Psychiatric Association (APA), Committee on Nomenclature and Statistics (1952). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Mental Disorders. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, Mental Hospital Service.
American Psychological Association (1999). Answers to Your Questions About Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality: What is sexual orientation. Internet: http://www.apa.org/pubinfo/answers.html
- Home Page: http://www.apa.org/pubinfo/
Appleby GA, Anastas JW (1998). Not just a passing phase. New York: Columbia University Press.
Appleby L, Joseph P (1991). Management of personality disorder. International Review of Psychiatry, 3(1), 59-71.
Armstrong JD (1997). Homophobic slang as coercive discourse among college students. In: A. Liva, and K. Hall (Eds). Queerly Phased: Language, Gender, and Sexuality, 325-34. New York: Oxford University Press. (Cited in Thurlow, 2001; reference pages added.)
Ascencio, Marysol W (1999). Machos and sluts: gender, sexuality, and violence among a cohort of Puerto Rican Adolescents. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 13(1): 107-26.
Asthana S, Oostvogels R (2001). The social construction of male 'homosexuality' in India: implications for HIV transmission and prevention. Social Science & Medicine, 52: 707-21.
Atkinson J, Grant I, Kennedy C, Richman D, Spector S, McCutchan A (1988). Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among men infected with immunodeficiency virus. Archives of General Psychiatry 45: 859-64.
Avicolli T (1986). Coming out of the Dark Ages - Social Workers told of special youth needs. Philadelphia Gay News, May.
Baechler J (1975). Les suicides. Paris: Éditions Calmann-Lévy.
Bagley C (1997). Policies for gay and lesbian youth. In: Chris Bagley. Children. Sex and Social Policy: humanistic solutions for problems of child sexual abuse, 176-180. Aldershot, England: Avery. Relevant Section, 183-5 (with additional information): http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/adams.htm
Bagley C, Bolitho F, Bertrand L (1995). Mental health profiles, suicidal behavior, and community sexual assault in 2,112 Canadian adolescents. Crisis 16(3): 126-31.
Bagley C, Genuis M (1991). Sexual abuse recalled: evaluation of a computerized questionnaire in a population of young adult males. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 72: 287-8.
Bagley C, Ramsay R (1997). Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents and Adults. Aldershot, England: Ashgate.
Bagley C, Ramsay R (1985). Psychosocial correlates of suicidal behaviors in an urban population. Crisis 6(2): 63-77.
Bagley C, Tremblay P (2000). Elevated rates of suicidal behavior in gay, lesbian and bisexual youth. Crisis, 21(3): 111-17. Internet draft of the paper: http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/homosexuality-suicide/05-quebec-suicide-paper.htm
Bagley C, Tremblay P (1998). On the prevalence of homosexuality and bisexuality in a random community survey of 750 men aged 18 to 27. The Journal of Homosexuality 36(2): 1-18. Internet: http://www.youth-suicide.com/virtualcity.com/gay-bisexual/homodemo.htm - http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/homosexuality-suicide/suicide-paper/demography-gay-bisexual.htm
Bagley C, Tremblay P (1997a). Suicidality problems of gay and bisexual males: Evidence from a random community survey of 750 men aged 18 to 27. In: Chris Bagley and Richard Ramsay (Eds). Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents and Adults, 177-193 Aldershot, England: Ashgate. Internet:
http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/suicide.htm - http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/homosexuality-suicide/suicide-paper/suicide-homosexual-paper.htm
Bagley C, Tremblay P (1997). Suicidal behaviors in homosexual and bisexual males. Crisis 18(1), 24-34. See Bagley & Tremblay (1997a) for alternate version of the paper available on the Internet.
Bagley C, Wood M, Young L (1994). Victim to abuser: mental health and behavioral sequels of child sexual abuse in survey of young adult males. Child Abuse & Neglect 18(8): 683-697
Bailey JM (2000). J. Michael Bailey... recent research activities. Internet: http://www.psych.nwu.edu/psych/people/faculty/bailey/research.html
Bailey JM (1999). Homosexuality and mental illness. Archives of General Psychiatry 56(10): 883-4. Internet: http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/56/10/883
Bailey JM, Finkel E, Blackwelder K, Bailey T (1996). Masculinity, femininity, and sexual orientation. Unpublished manuscript, Northwestern University. Cited by Lippa (2000).
Bailey JM, Kim P, Hills A, Linsenmeier J (1997). Butch, femme, or straight-acting? Partner preferences of gay men and lesbians. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73: 960-973.
Bakhtin, Mikhail M (1986). Speech genre and other late essays. Edited by Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Texas: Austin University of Texas Press. Cited by Smith (1998).
Bakhtin, Mikhail M (1981). The dialogic imagination: four essays. Edited by Michael Holquist. Texas: Austin University of Texas Press. Cited by Smith (1998).
Bartlett NH, Vasey PL, Bukowski WM (2000). Is gender identity disorder in children a mental disorder? Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 43(11): 753-785.
Bass, Carole (1999). Both Ends Against the Middle: How gays and straights make bisexuals invisible. Hartford Advocate, June 17. (Interview with Kenji Yoshino (2000), author of "The Epistemic Contract of Bisexual Erasure" prior to publication in the Stanford Law Review.) Internet: http://www.hartfordadvocate.com/articles/biout2.html
Bayer, Ronald (1981). Homosexuality and American Psychiatry: The politics of diagnosis. New York: Basic Books.
Becker HS (1985). Outsiders. Paris: Éditions Métailié.
Becker HS (1963). Outsiders: studies in the sociology of deviance. London: The Free Press of Glencoe, Collier-MacMillan Ltd.
Beckett L, Denborough D (1995). Homophobia and the sexual construction of schooling. Dulwich Centre Newsletter, 1/2: 109-121.
Bell, Alan, and Weinberg, Martin (1978). Homosexualities: A Study of Diversity Among Men and Women. New York: Simon & Shuster.
Bell, Alan, Weinberg M, Hammersmith S (1981). Sexual Preference: Its Development in Men and Women. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press.
Bell, Alan, Weinberg M, Hammersmith S (1981). Sexual Preference: Statistical Appendix. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press.
Bem Daryl J (2000). Exotic Becomes Erotic: Interpreting the Biological Correlates of Sexual Orientation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 29, 531-548. Internet: http://comp9.psych.cornell.edu/dbem/bio_correlations.htm
Bem, Daryl J (1996). Exotic becomes erotic: a developmental theory of sexual orientation. Psychological Review 103(2): 320-335. Internet: http://comp9.psych.cornell.edu/dbem/ebe-theory.html - Related publications: http://comp9.psych.cornell.edu/dbem/online-pubs.html
Bem SL (1981). Bem Sex-Role Inventory professional manual. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Bem S (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 42, 155-162.
Benjamin J (1988). The bonds of love. New York: Pantheon. (Cited by Frommer, 2000.)
Bergling, Tim (2001). Sissyphobia: Gay Men and Effeminate Behavior. New York: Harrington Park Press. Internet: http://www.timbergling.com/sissyphobia/ - Excerpt: http://www.younggayamerica.com/streettalk5.shtml
Bianco, David (2000). Past out: Gore Vidal. Houston Voice, May 19. Internet: http://www.houstonvoice.com/houstonvoice/news/record.html?record=7355
Billings, Paul (1993). Genetic discrimination and behavioral genetics: The analysis of sexual orientation. In: Norio Fujiki and Darryl Macer (Eds). Intractable Neurological Disorders in Human Genome Research and Society. Proceedings of the Third International Bioethics Seminarin Fukui, 19-21 November, 1993: 35-39. Internet: http://www.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/~macer/IND/INDPB.html
Bloch, Inid (2001). Sex between men and boys in Classical Greece: was it education for citizenship or child abuse. The Journal of Men's Studies. 9(2): 183-204.
Boney, Bradley (1996). The Lavender Brick Road: Paul Bonin-Rodriguez and the Sissy Bo(d)y. Theatre Journal, 48(1): 35-57. Internet: http://muse.jhu.edu/demo/tj/48.1boney.html
Borowski IW, Ireland M, Resnick MD (2001). Adolescent suicide attempts: risk and protective factors. Pediatrics, 107(3): 485-93.
Borowsky IW, Resnick MD, Ireland M, Blum RW (1999). Suicide attempts among American Indian and Alaska Native youth: risk and protective factors. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 153(6): 573-80.
Boswell, John (1990). Concepts, experience, and sexuality. Differences, 2(1): 67-87. Special issue of differences, "Sexuality in Greek and Roman Society," edited by D Konstan and M Naussbaum. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Botnick MR, Heath KV, Martindale SL, Schechter MT, O’Shaughnessy MV, and Hogg RS (1999). Social Determinants of Suicide Attempts among Young MSM [Men Who Have Sex With Men, 8th annual Canadian Conference on HIV/AIDS Research, Victoria, BC, May.
Boulton, Ralph (1995). Rethinking Anthropology: The study of AIDS. In: Han ten Brummelhuis and Gilbert Herdt (Eds). Culture and Sexual Risk: Anthropological perspective on AIDS. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Publishers, 285-313.
Bowers, Keith (2000). In Gay, Straight Circles, Bisexuals Are the Outcasts. San Francisco Chronicle, April 14. Internet: http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2000/04/14/ED13182.DTL
Boyer, Debra. (1989). Male prostitution and homosexual identity. In: Gilbert Herdt (Ed). Gay and Lesbian Youth, 151-84. New York: Harrington Park Press. Also published in the Journal of Homosexuality, 17(1-2): 151-84.
Brady S, and Busse W (1994). The Gay Identity Questionnaire: a brief measure of homosexual identity formation. Journal of Homosexuality 26(4): 1-22.
Branwhite, Tony (1994). Bullying and student distress: the tip of the iceberg. Educational Psychology, 14(1): 59-71.
Brener ND, Grunbaum JA, Kann L, McManus T, Ross J (2004). Assessing health risk behaviors among adolescents: the effect of question wording and appeals for honesty. Journal of Adolescent Health, 35(2): 91-100.
Brener ND, Kann L, Kinchen SA, Grunbaum JA, Whalen L, Eaton D, Hawkins J, Ross JG (2004a). Methodology of the youth risk behavior surveillance system. MMWR Recomm Rep., 53(RR-12): 1-13. Internet: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5312a1.htm
Brener ND, Billy JO, Grady WR (2003). Assessment of factors affecting the validity of self-reported health-risk behavior among adolescents: evidence from the scientific literature.
Journal of Adolescent Health, 33(6): 436-57. Internet: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/YRBS/pdfs/validity.pdf
Brener ND, Kann L, McManus T, Kinchen SA, Sundberg EC, Ross JG (2002). Reliability of the 1999 youth risk behavior survey questionnaire. Journal of Adolescent Health, 31(4): 336-42. Internet: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/yrbs/pdfs/reliability.pdf
Brener ND, Collins JL, Kann L, Warren CCW, and Williams BI (1995). Reliability of the Youth Risk Behavior Questionnaire. American Journal of Epidemiology, 141(6): 575-80.
Brent David (1995). Risk factors for adolescent suicide and suicidal behavior: mental and substance abuse disorders, family environmental factors, and life stresses. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 25(suppl): 52-63.
Brighton Ourstory Project (1992). Daring Hearts: Lesbian and gay lives of the 50s and 60s. Brighton, England: Queenspark Books.
Brookey, Robert (2002). Reinventing the Male Homosexual: The Rhetoric and Power of the Gay Gene. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. Reference: http://www.indiana.edu/~iupress/books/0-253-34057-8.shtml . Contents: http://www.indiana.edu/~iupress/books/0-253-34057-8tc.html – Chapter 1: http://www.indiana.edu/~iupress/books/0-253-34057-8.pdf
Brookey, Robert (2001). Bio-rhetoric, background beliefs and the biology of homosexuality. Argumentation and Advocacy, 37(4): 171-83.
Brown, Graham (2000). 'Here for Life" Youth Sexuality Project: Contact Person. Personal opinion expressed in three emails to Pierre Tremblay, March, 2000. Permission to quote granted. Email: email@example.com . Address: WA AIDS Council, PO Box1510, West Perth WA 6872, Australia. Additional Information in Note 16.
Brownworth, Victoria A (1992). America’s Worst Kept Secret: AIDS Is Devastating the Nation’s Teenagers, and Gay Kids are Dying by the Thousands. The Advocate, March 24: 38-46.
Brunsma DL, Rockquemore KA (2001). The new color complex: appearances and biracial identity. Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, 1(3): 235-46.
Burn, Shawn M (2000). Heterosexuals' use of "fag" and "queer" to deride one another: a contributor to heterosexism and stigma. Journal of Homosexuality, 40(2): 1-11.
Butler, Judith (1996). The poof paradox: homogeneity and silencing in three Hobart high schools. In: I Laskey and C Beavis (Eds). Schooling and sexuality: teaching for a positive sexuality. Geekong: Deakin University for Education and Change. Cited by Morino (1999).
Butler, Judith (1990). Gender Trouble. Feminism and the subversity of identity. London: Routledge.
Button, Heather (1998). Being bi in a binary world. Internet: http://www.youthresource.com/women/archives/9808biphobia.html
Bux D (1996). The epidemiology of problem drinking in gay men and lesbians: a critical review. Clinical Psychology Review 16(4): 277-98.
Caballo-Dieguez A, Dolezal C (1995). Association between history of childhood sexual abuse and adult HIV-risk sexual behavior in Puerto Rican men who have sex with men. Child Abuse & Neglect 19(4): 595-605.
Cameron D (1997) Reforming gender identity: young men's talk and the construction of heterosexual masculinity. In: S. Johnson, and U. Meinhof (Eds). Language and Masculinity, 47-64. Oxford: Blackwell. (Cited in Thurlow, 2001; reference pages added.)
Canino, Glorisa, and Roberts, Robert F (2001). Suicidal behavior among Latino youth. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31 (Suppl): 122-131.
Cantarella, Eva (1992). Bisexuality in the Ancient World. (Trans. Cormac Ó Cuilleanáin). New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press. Scholia Reviews ns 5 (1996) 1 by Eva Stehle: http://www.classics.und.ac.za/reviews/96-1cant.html - Scholia Reviews Home Page: http://www.classics.und.ac.za/reviews/default.htm – Excerpts: http://courses.smsu.edu/rrs953f/GEPfall2k/excerpts/gep397_cantarella_excerpt.htm
Carbery G (1992). Some Melbourne beats: A "map" of the subculture from the 1930s to the 1950s. In: R Aldrich and G Wotherspoon (Eds). Gay Perspectives: Essays in Australian Gay Culture. Sidney, Australia: Department of Economic History, University of Sidney.
Carney, Jolyn V (2000). Bullied to Death: Perceptions of Peer Abuse and Suicidal Behaviour during Adolescence. School Psychology International, 2000, vol. 21, no. 2, 213-226.
Caron, Roger (1979). GO BOY! Ontario, Canada: Nelson & Sons.
Carpenter, Edward (1917). IOLÄUS: An Anthology of Friendship. New York: Mitchell Kennerley. First published in 1909. Internet: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/pwh/iolaus.html
Carr A, Zanetti L (2000). Rethinking the "production" of identity in the work context. EJROT (Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory), 6(1), February. Internet: http://www.mngt.waikato.ac.nz/Research/ejrot/Vol6_1/Vol6_1articles/carr_zanetti.asp
Carrier J (1981). Homosexual behavior in cross-cultural perspective. In: Judd Marmor (Ed). Homosexual Behavior: A Modern Reappraisal, 100-122. New York: Basic Books.
CDC (2004). Centers for Disease Control, Healthy Youth! YRBSS: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. Internet: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/YRBS/ - YRBS Questionaire for 2005 remains unchanged from 1999: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/YRBS/pdfs/2005highschoolquestionaire.pdf
CDC (2001). Centers for Disease Control, Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH): 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Internet: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dash/yrbs/2001survey.htm
- See CDC (2004) for YRBS Questionnaire that remains the same for 2005.
CDC (1999). Centers for Disease Control, Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH). Assessing Health Risk Behaviors Among Young People. Internet: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dash/yrbs/yrbsaag.htm – Updated (2004): http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/aag/pdf/aag_yrbss2004.pdf - http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/aag/aag_yrbss.htm – 2003 Version: http://www.hawaii.edu/hivandaids/AssessHlthRiskBehaviorsAmongYoungPeopleYouthRiskBehaviorSurveillanceSystem.pdf
CDC (1999a): Centers for Disease Control, Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH): 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Internet: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dash/yrbs/survey99.htm - See CDC (2004) for YRBS Questionnaire that remains the same for 2005.
CDC (1994). Programs for the Prevention of Suicide Among Adolescents and Young Adults. MMWR 43(RR-6): 1-7. Internet: http://wonder.cdc.gov/wonder/prevguid/m0031525/m0031525.asp
Chamberlain, Claudine (1999). Where Did the Gay Gene Go? Study Finds No Evidence of Homosexuality in DNA. ABC News, April 22. Internet: http://abcnews.go.com/sections/living/DailyNews/gaygene990422.html
Chapple M, Kippax S, Smith G (1998). "Semi-straight sort of sex": Class and gay community attachment explored within the framework of older homosexually active men. Journal of Homosexuality 35(2): 65-83.
Chauncey, George (1994). Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940. New York: Basic Books. Excerpts: http://courses.smsu.edu/rrs953f/GEPfall2k/excerpts/gep397_chauncey_excerpt.htm - Book Reviews: http://w5.usc.edu:9673/review/iglr/review.html?rec_id=563 - http://www.planetout.com/news/history/archive/newyork.html -
Chauncey, George (1985). Christian Brotherhood or sexual perversion? Homosexual identities and the construction of sexual boundaries in the World War One era. Journal of Social History, 19: 189-212.
Chen ARA, Hann CAH, Chan KA (1997). Personality disorder and suicide. British Journal of Psychiatry, 170: 441-446.
Cherry K, Melanie M (2000). Sacred Lives: Canadian Aboriginal Children and Youth Speak Out about Sexual Exploitation. Vancouver: Save the Children Canada. Internet: http://www.savethechildren.ca/
Clark W, Seovich J (1997). Twenty years and still in the dark? Content analysis of articles pertaining to gay, lesbian, and bisexual issues in marriage and family therapy journals. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy 23(3): 239-53.
Clacher, Iain (1997). Silence is where the hate grows: silence = death. Campaign Australia Magazine. Internet: http://www.youth.org/loco/PERSONProject/Alerts/International/suicide3.html
Clatts MC, Davis WR (1999). A demographic and behavioral profile of homeless youth in New York City: Implications for AIDS outreach and prevention. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 13(3): 365-74.
Clausen, Jan (1996). Beyond Gay or Straight: Understanding sexual orientation. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers.
Clayton, Gabi (1996-2002). Portrait of a Son's Suicide: Bill's Story. Internet: http://www.youth-guard.org/gabi/Bills_Story.html
Cochran S, Mays V (2000). Lifetime prevalence of suicide symptoms and affective disorders among men reporting same-sex sexual partners: results from NHANES III. American Journal of Public Health 90(4): 573-78. Internet: http://web.stat.ucla.edu/~cochran/PDF/APHA99-3139.pdf
Collins, Chris (1997). Dangerous Inhibitions: How America Is Letting AIDS Become an Epidemic of the Young. UCSF AIDS Research Institute (ARI) and The Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS). San Francisco: University of California. Internet: http://www.caps.ucsf.edu/publications/adolmono.html - http://www.caps.ucsf.edu/publications/DangerInhib.pdf
Connell, RW (2000). The Men and The Boys. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Connell, RW (1995). Masculinities. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Connell RW (1994). Knowing about masculinity: teaching boys and men. Paper presented at the Pacific Sociological Association Conference, San Diego, April. Cited by Morino (1999).
Connell RW (1992). A very straight gay: masculinity, homosexual experience, and the dynamics of gender. American Sociological Review, 57: 735-51.
Connell, RW (1987). Gender and power: society, the person, and sexual politics. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Connell RW, Davis MD, Dowsett GW (1993). A bastard of a life: homosexual desire and practice among men in working-class milieux. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology, 29(1): 112-135.
Constantine-Simms, Delroy, Ed. (2001). The Greatest Taboo: Homosexuality in Black Communities. Los Angeles: Alyson Books.
Corliss HL, Cochran SD, Mays VM. Reports of parental maltreatment during childhood in a United States population-based survey of homosexual, bisexual, and heterosexual adults.
Child Abuse and Neglect, 26(11): 1165-78. Internet: http://web.stat.ucla.edu/~cochran/PDF/ChildhoodMaltreatmentCorliss.pdf
Cournos F, Guido J, Coomaraswamy S, Meyer-Bahlburg H, Nat R, Sugden R, Horwath E (1994). Sexual activity and risk of HIV infection among patients with schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 151: 228-232.
CPHA: Canadian Public Health Association (1998). Safe Spaces: HIV prevention for gay, lesbian and bisexual youth.
Crowley C, Hallam S, Harré R, Lunt I (2001). Study support for young people with same-sex attraction - views and experiences from a pioneering peer support initiative in the north of England. Educational and Child Psychology, 18(1): 108-124.
Cruz-Janzen (1997). Curriculum and the ethnic and racial self concept of biethnic and biracial persons. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Denver, Colorado. Cited by Wardle (2000).
CSSSM (2001). Homosexuality Depathologized in China. CSSSM (Chinese Society for the Study of Sexual Minorities) News Digest: Special Issue, March 5. Internet: http://www.csssm.org/English/e7.htm
Cyrulnik, B (1999). Un merveilleux malheur. Paris: Odile Jacob.
D'Augelli AR, Grossman AH (2001). Disclosure of sexual orientation, victimization, and mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual older adults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16(10), 1008-27.
D'Augelli AR, Grossman AH, Hershberger SL (2001a). Aspects of Mental Health among Older Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adults. Aging and Mental Health, 5(20: 149- 58
D'Augelli AR, Hershberger SL (1993). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth in community settings: personal challenges and mental health problems. American Journal of Community Psychology, 21: 421-448.
D'Augelli AR, Hershberger SL, Pilkington NW (2001). Suicidality patterns and sexual orientation: related factors among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31(3): 250-64.
D’Augelli AR, Patterson, CJ (1995). Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Identities over the Lifespan. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Daulton FE, Akinori S (2000). Bullying and Biracial Children in Japan. The Language Teacher, 24(11): 31-34.
Davies B (1997). Constructing and deconstructing masculinities through critical literacy. Gender and Education, 9(1): 9-30.
Dean T, Lane C (2001). Homosexuality and psychoanalysis: An introduction. In T. Dean and C. Lane (Eds). Homosexuality and Psychoanalysis, 3-42. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
de Kuyper E (1993). The Freudian construction of sexuality: the gay foundations of heterosexuality and straight homophobia. Journal of Homosexuality 24(3/4): 137-44.
de Luze, Hubert (1990). Regards ethnométhodologiques sur le mensonge dans le village des dragueurs homosexuels parisiens du 15-11-1989 au 15-4-1990. Université de Paris, Diplôme D'Etude Supérieures Spécialisées. Internet "Title" Page: http://www.ai.univ-paris8.fr/corpus/deluze/homemens.htm . "Conclusion" Page: http://www.ai.univ-paris8.fr/corpus/deluze/menscon.htm . "Mensonge du Paraître: Muscles" Page: http://www.ai.univ-paris8.fr/corpus/deluze/mens31.htm#muscles
Dew M, Becker J, Sanchez J, Caldararo R, Lopez O, Wess J, Dorst S, Banks G (1997). Prevalence and predictors of depressive, anxiety and substance use disorders in HIV infected and uninfected men: a longitudinal evaluation. Psychological Medicine 27(2), 395-409.
Dickinson, Amy (1999). Sexual Bullying. Time, 153(22): 86.
Dillard-Rosen, Sandra (1993). Redeeming moment too late to save talk. Denver Post, August 27, F30. Quoted in Boney (1996).
Dimen M (1991). Deconstructing difference: gender splitting and transitional spaces. Psychoanalytical Dialogues, 1: 335-52. Cited by Frommer (2000).
Doll L, Joy D, Bartholow B, Harrison J, Bolan G, Douglas J, Saltzman L, Moss P, Delgado W (1992). Self-reported childhood and adolescent sexual abuse among adult homosexual and bisexual men. Child Abuse & Neglect 16(6), 855-64.
Dollimore, Jonathan (1991). Sexual Dissidence. New York; Oxford University Press.
Donaldson, Stephen (1993). A million Jockers, Punks, and Queens. Internet Availability: - http://www.spr.org/en/stephendonaldson/doc_01_lecture.html
Dorais. Michel (2004). Dead Boys Can’t Dance: Sexual Orientation, Masculinity and Suicide. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press.
Dorais, Michel (2002). Don't Tell: The Sexual Abuse of Boys. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press.
Dorais. Michel (2000). Mort ou Fif : la face cachée du suicide chez les garçons. Montréal: VLB éditeur. English Translation: Dorais, 2004.
Dorais, Michel (1999). Éloge de la diversité sexuelle. Montréal: VLB éditeur.
Dorais, Michel (1997). Ça arrive aussi aux garcons: l'abus sexuel au masculin. Montréal: VLB éditeur. English Translation: Dorais, 2002.
Dorais, Michel (1994). La recherche des causes de l'homosexualité: une science-fiction? In: Daniel WELZER-LANG, Pierre DUTEY, and Michel Dorais. La peur de l'autre en soi, du sexisme à l'homophobie, 92-146. Montréal: VLB éditeur. Internet: http://www.europrofem.org/02.info/22contri/2.07.fr/livr_dwl/peur/dwlpeur2.htm - Table of Contents: http://www.europrofem.org/02.info/22contri/2.07.fr/livr_dwl/peur/dwlpeur0.htm
Dorais M, Berthiaume P (1998). Le vécu homosexuel: les résultats d’un sondage auprès de 125 lecteurs du magazine RG. RG, July.
Dover Kenneth J (1978). Greek Homosexuality. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. The text of the 1989 edition is unaltered. (Cited by Parker, 2001) Excerpts: http://courses.smsu.edu/rrs953f/GEPfall2k/excerpts/gep397_dover_excerpt.htm
Dover KJ (1973). Classical Greek attitudes to sexual behavior. Arethusa, 6: 59-73. Reprinted in J Peradotto and JP Sullivan, Eds. (1984). Women and the Ancient World: The Arethusa Papers. Buffalo: SUNY Press. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Dowsett, Gary (1998). Wusses and Willies: masculinity and contemporary sexual politics. Journal of Interdisciplinary Gender Studies, 3(2): 9-22.
Dowsett, Gary (1994). Working-class homosexuality, gay community, and the masculine sexual (dis)order. Revue Sexologique 2(2). Internet: http://www.unites.uqam.ca/dsexo/Revue/Vol2no2/2102a5.html
Duncan N (1999). Secondary schooling and homophobia. Paper presented at the International Association for the Study of Sexuality, Culture, and Society Conference, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, July 21-24. (Cited in Thurlow, 2001)
Duncan, Renae D (1999). Maltreatment by parents and peers: the relationship between child abuse, bully victimization, and psychological distress. Child Maltreatment, 4(1): 45-55.
Dunne MP, Bailey JM, Kirk KM, Martin NG (2000). The subtlety of sex-atypicality. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 29(6): 549-65.
DuRant R, Krowchuk D, Sinal S (1998). Victimization, use of violence, and drug use at school among male adolescents who engage in same-sex sexual behavior. Journal of Pediatrics 133(1): 113-118.
Durkheim, Émile (Original edition, 1930; cited edition, 1997). Le suicide. Paris: Les Presses universitaires de France, coll. Quadrige.
Earls C, David H (1989). A psychosocial study of male prostitution. Archives of Sexual Behavior 18(5): 401-19.
Elias, Marilyn (2001). Gay teens less suicidal than thought, report says. USA Today, November 26. Internet: Also reproduced at the "news" web site for the American Psychological Association (APA: http://www.apa.org : http://www.psycport.com/ - http://www.psycport.com/stories/usatoday_2001_11_26_eng-usatoday_life_eng-usatoday_life_053033_137_664103691932.xml.html and in the Lansing State Journal (November 27): http://www.lsj.com/news/schools/011127_gayteens_3e.html . The Arizona Republic titled the story "New Study: Gay Teens's Suicide tries Overstated": http://www.arizonarepublic.com/smartliving/articles/1129gayteens1129.html
Ellis, Havelock (1906). Sexual Inversion. In: Havelock Ellis. Studies in the Psychology of Sex. New York: Random House. Cited edition: Volume 1, Random House, 1942. First published in 1896. Related Information: Sexual Inversion: Havelock Ellis' Apology for Homosexuality Against Victorian Prudishness: http://www.albion.edu/student/kstandre/sex.htm
Englert, Lucianne (1995). Sexual Orientation. Research & Creative Activity, 27(2). Internet: http://www.indiana.edu/~rcapub/v18n2/p23.html
Epstein, Debbie (1997). Boyz' own stories: masculinities and sexualities in schools. Gender and Education, 9(1): 105-15.
Eslea M, Mukhtar K (2000). Bullying and racism among school children in Britain. Educational Research, 42(2): 207-17.
Farberow, Norman L, Ed. (1963). Taboo Topics. New York: Atherton Press.
Faulkner A, Cranston K (1998). Correlates of same-sex sexual behavior in a random sample of Massachusetts high school students. American Journal of Public Health 88(2): 262-266. Summary of Massachusetts' 1993 YRBS results: http://www.youth-suicide.com/gbsuicide3.htm#24a - http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/gay-lesbian-bisexual/2i-youth-risk-behavior-survey.htm#24a
Fausto-Sterling, Anne (2000a). Sexing the Body: gender, politic, and the construction of Sexuality. New York: Basic.
Fausto-Sterling, Anne (2000). The five sexes, revisited. Sciences 40(4): 18-23. Internet: http://www.neiu.edu/~lsfuller/5sexesrevisited.htm - http://bms.brown.edu/faculty/f/afs/5sexesrevprnt.pdf .
Fausto-Sterling, Anne (1993). The five sexes: why male and female are not enough. Sciences, 33(2): 20-5.
Fellows W (1996). Farm Boys: Lives of Gay Men From the Rural Midwest. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
Fenaughty J, Harre N (2003). Life on the seesaw: a qualitative study of suicide resiliency factors for young gay men. Journal of Homosexuality, 45(1): 1-22.
Fenaughty, John J (2000). Life on the seesaw: an assessment of suicide risk and resiliency for bisexual and gay male youth in Aotearoa / New Zealand. Master's Thesis. Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, New Zealand. A digital copy of the dissertation was made available by the author.
Fergusson D, Horwood L, and Beautrais A (1999). Is sexual orientation related to mental health problems and suicidality in young people? Archives of General Psychiatry 56(10): 876-880. http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/56/10/876 - For commentaries on research results see Friedman (1999), Remafedi (1999), and Bailey (1999).
Finkelhor, David (1979). Sexually Victimized Children. New York: Free Press.
Finn, Robert (1996). A 'Long Tradition': The biological basis of sexual orientation is a research area that is coming out of the closet. The Scientist 10(1). Internet: http://www.the-scientist.com/yr1996/jan/biodef_960108.html (Must register for access.)
Fisher CB, Wallace SA, Fenton RE (2000). Discrimination distress during adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29(6): 679-95.
Flavin D, Franklin J, Frances R (1986). The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and suicidal behavior in alcohol-dependent homosexual men. American Journal of Psychiatry 143(11): 1440-2.
Flowers P, Buston K (2001). "I was terrified of being different": exploring gay men's accounts of growing-up in a heterosexist society. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1): 51-65.
Flynn SC (1998). Prevalence of Suicide Attempts and Suicidal Ideation Among Lesbian an Gay Youth. In Sloan LM, and Gustavsson NS (Eds). Violence and social injustice against lesbian, gay and bisexual people. New York: The Haworth Press.
Forero R, McLellan L, Rissel C, and Bauman A (1999). Bullying behavior and psychosocial health among students in New South Wales, Australia: cross sectional survey. BJM, 319: 744-8.
Forstein Marshall (1994). Suicidality and HIV in gay men. In: SA Caldwell, RA Brunham Jr., M Forstein (Eds). Therapists on the frontline: Psychotherapy with gay men in the age of AIDS. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc., 111-145.
Foster, Marc (1997). Nineteen. XY Magazine, 6 , February / March, 20-21.
Foucault, Michel (1985). The Use of Pleasure: Volume 2 of the History of Sexuality. New York: Pantheon. Translation by Robert Hurley of L'usage des plaisirs, Paris, 1984. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Foucault, Michel (1976). La Volonté de savoir. Paris: Gallimard.
Frances RJ, Wikstrom T, Alcena V (1985). Contracting AIDS as a means of committing suicide (letter). American Journal of Psychiatry 142(5): 656.
Freiberg, Peter (2000). Young gay men's suicide rate higher, study says. New York Blade. Home Page: http://www.nyblade.com . Internet: http://content.gay.com/channels/health/suicide_000406.html - http://www.scoutingforall.org/aaic/010603.shtml
Friedman R (1999). Homosexuality, psychopathology, and suicidality. Archives of General Psychiatry 56(10): 887-8. Internet: http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/56/10/887
Frommer, Marin F (2000). Offending gender: being and wanting in male same-sex desire. Studies in gender and Sexuality, 1(2): 191-206.
Frontline (2000). Assault on Gays in America: the life and death of Billy Jack Gaither. PBS. Internet: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/assault/
Gallo V, Robinson P (2000). Is there a 'homosexual brain'? Gay and Lesbian Review, 7(1): 12-15.
Galst, Liz (1992). Throwaway Kids. The Advocate, December 29: 54-57.
Garbarino J (2001). Lost Boys: why our sons turn violent and how we can save them. Smith College Studies in Social Work (7)2: 196-81.
Garber, Marjorie (1993). Vested Interests: cross-dressing & cultural anxiety. New York: HaperCollins Publishers, Inc.
Garland A, Ziegler E (1993). Adolescent suicide prevention. American Psychologist 48(2): 169-182.
Garnets LD, and Douglas CK (1993). Psychological Perspectives on Lesbian and Gay Male Experiences. New York: Columbia University Press.
Garnets LD, Herek GM, Levy B (1992). Violence and Victimization of Lesbians and Gay Men: Mental Health Consequences. In: Herek GM, Berrill KT (Eds). Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
Garofalo R, Wolf R, Lawrence M, Wissow, S (1999). Sexual orientation and risk of suicide attempts among a representative sample of youth. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 153(5): 487-93.
Garofalo R, Wolf R, Kessel S, Palfrey J, DuRant R (1998). The association between health risk behaviors and sexual orientation among a school-based sample of adolescents. Pediatrics, 101(5): 895-902.
Gartner, RB (1999). Sexual victimization of boys by men: meanings and consequences. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy, 3(2): 1-33.
Gershick, Zsa Zsa (1993). Virginia is for students. The Advocate, September 7: 86-87.
Gibson, Paul (1994). Gay Male and Lesbian Youth Suicide. In Remafedi G (Ed), 1994. Death by Denial. Boston: Alyson Publications. Originally published as Gibson (1989).
Gibson, Paul (1989). Gay and Lesbian Youth Suicide. In: Feinlieb, MR. (Ed). Vol. 3: Prevention and Intervention in Youth Suicide, Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Youth Suicide. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.
Giles, Jeff et al. (1994). The Mystery of Suicide. Newsweek (Cover-Story), April 18, 1994, pp. 44-49.
Glassner H, Strauss H (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: strategies for qualitative research. Chicago: Strauss, Aldine.
Goffman E (1975). Stigmate. Les usages sociaux des handicaps. Paris: Les Éditions de minuit, coll. Le sens commun.
Goffman E (1963, 1986). Stigma: Notes on the management of spoiled identity: 3-4. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Goldflam A, Chadwick R, Brown G (1999). Evaluation and Final Report: ‘Here for Life’ Youth Sexuality project. Western Australian AIDS Council. PDF Internet Download: http://www.aifs.gov.au/ysp/yspevaluation/evalrep2chap3.pdf
Goldner V (1991). Toward a critical relational theory of gender. Psychoanalytical Dialogues, 1: 249-72. Cited by Frommer (2000).
Goldstein, Richard (1999). The ‘Faggot’ Factor: The chickens came home to roost at Columbine High. OC Weekly, May 21-27. Internet: http://www.ocweekly.com/ink/99/37/news-goldstein.php - http://www.youth.org/loco/PERSONProject/Alerts/States/Colorado/massacre5.html
Gottesman I, Groome C (1997). HIV/AIDS Risks as a Consequence of Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 23(4): 675-684.
Gould M, Kramer R (2001). Youth suicide prevention. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31 (Spring Supplement), 6-31.
Green, Richard (1987). The "Sissy Boy Syndrome" and the Development of Homosexuality. New York: Vail-Ballou Press.
Greenberg, David F (1988). The Construction of Homosexuality. Chicago: Chicago University Press. (Cited by Parker, 2001) Excerpts: http://courses.smsu.edu/rrs953f/GEPfall2k/excerpts/gep397_greenburg_excerpt.htm
Grossman AH, Kerner MS (1998). Self-esteem and supportiveness as predictors of emotional distress in gay male and lesbian youth. Journal of Homosexuality, 35(2): 25-39.
Guide (1999). Gene Scam? The media seized upon a study suggesting the existence of a 'gay gene.' Now that it is unraveling, mum's the word. Guide Magazine, January, 1999. Internet:
Halkitis PN, Parsons JT, Stirrat MJ (2001). A double epidemic: crystal methamphetamine drug use in relationship to HIV transmission among gay men. Journal of Homosexuality, 41(2): 17-35.
Halperin, David (2000). How to do the history of male homosexuality. A Journal of Gay and Lesbian Studies 6(1): 87-123. Internet: - http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal-of-lesbian-and-gay-studies/v006/6.1halperin.html (Access with Subscription.)
Halperin, David M (1996). Homosexuality. In: The Oxford Classical Dictionary, 720-3. 3rd edition, Oxford. Reprinted in S. Hornblower, and A Spawforth, Eds. (1998). The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilisation, 347-54. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Cited by Parker, 2001).
Halperin, David M (1990). On Hundred years of homosexuality and other essays on Greek love. New York. (Cited by Parker, 2001). Excerpts: http://courses.smsu.edu/rrs953f/GEPfall2k/excerpts/gep397_halperin1_excerpt.htm
Hamer D, Hu S, Magnuson V, Hu N, Pattatucci A (1993). A linkage between DNA markers on the X chromosome and male sexual orientation. Science 261, 321-327.
Hammelman TM (1993). Gay and lesbian youth: contributing factors to serious attempts or consideration of suicide. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy 2(1): 77-89.
Harris, Daniel (1991). Effeminacy. Michigan Quarterly Review 30(2).
Harris MB (1997). School Experiences of Gay and Lesbian Youth. New York: Harrington Park Press.
Harry Joseph (1990). A probability sample of gay males. Journal of Homosexuality 19(1): 89-104.
Harry, Joseph (1989). Parental physical abuse and sexual orientation in males. Archives of Sexual Behavior 18(3): 251-61.
Harry J (1983). Parasuicide, Gender, and Gender Deviance. In Remafedi G (Ed), 1994. Death by Denial, 69-78. Boston: Alyson Publications. Originally published as: Harry J (1983). Parasuicide, gender, and gender deviance. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 350-61.
Hart, Fiona (1990). The construction of masculinity in men's friendships: misogyny, heterosexism and homophobia. Resources for Feminist Research, 19(3/4): 60-67.
Hart J (1995). My First Time:Gay Men Describe Their First Same-Sex Experience. Boston: Alyson.
Harvey, Stephen J (1999). Hegemonic masculinity, friendship, and group formation in an athletic subculture. The Journal of Men's Studies, 8(1): 91-108.
Hawker DSJ, Boulton MJ (2000). Twenty years' research on peer victimization and psychosocial maladjustment: a meta-analysis review of cross-sectional studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41(4): 441-55.
Hawkins, Joseph R (2000). Japan's journey into homophobia. Gay and Lesbian Review, 7(1), 36-38.
Hawley CJ, James DV, Birkett PL, Baldwin DS, DeRuiter MJ, Priest R (1991). Suicidal ideation as a presenting complaint: Associated diagnoses and characteristics in a casualty population. British Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 232-238.
Hayes, B Grant (2001). Working with the bisexual client: how far have we progressed? Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, 40(1): 11-20.
Health and Welfare Statistics Association (2001). Journal of Health and Welfare Statistics, 48(9).
Health Canada (1994). Suicide in Canada: Update of the Task Force on Suicide in Canada. Ottawa: Mental Health Division, Health Services Directorate, Health Programs and Services Branch, Health Canada.
Hegna K, Kristiansen HW, Mosen B (1999). Levekår og livskvalitet blant lesbiske kvinner og homofile menn. NOVA Report 1/1999. Internet: http://www.llh.no/Om_homofili/Forskning_og_fakta/?module=Articles;action=Article.publicShow;ID=223
Hegna, Kristinn (2001). Personal Communication with Pierre Tremblay via email, June 2001. The full text of the correspondence is located on the Internet: http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/homosexuality-suicide/02-norway-gay-lesbian-suicide-study.htm
Hekma, Gert (1994). "A female soul in a male body": sexual inversion as gender inversion in nineteen-century sexology. In: Gilbert Herdt (Ed). Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond sexual dimorphism in culture and history, 213-39. New York: Zone Books.
Hellquist, Gens (1993). Our Friends Are Dying, Perceptions, 11(2), March 10: 8.
Herdt, Gilbert, Ed. (1994). Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond sexual dimorphism in culture and history. New York: ZoneBooks. Abstract / Table of Contents: http://www.ifge.org/books/third-sex.htm
Herdt, Gilbert, Ed. (1989). Gay and Lesbian Youth. Boston: Beacon Press.
Herdt G, Boxer A (1993). Children of Horizons: How Gay and Lesbian Teens Are Leading a New Way Out of the Closet. Boston: Beacon Press.
Herek GM, Berrill KT, Eds. (1992). Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. Internet Abstract / Contents: http://psychology.ucdavis.edu/rainbow/html/hate_crimes_book.html
Herek GM, Gillis JR, Cogan JC, Glunt, EK (1997). Hate crime victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults: Prevalence, psychological correlates, and methodological issues. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 12(2), 195-215. Internet Abstract: http://psychology.ucdavis.edu/rainbow/html/hate_bib.html
Herek GM, Gillis JR, Cogan JC (1999). Psychological sequelae of hate crime victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67: 945-951. Internet Abstract: http://psychology.ucdavis.edu/rainbow/html/hate_bib.html
Herrell R, Goldberg J, True W, Ramakrishnan V, Lyons M, Eisen S, Tsuang M (1999). Sexual orientation and suicidality: a co-twin control study in adult men, Archives of General Psychiatry 56(10): 867-874. Internet: http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/issues/v56n10/rfull/yoa8085.html - For commentaries on the research results see Friedman (1999), Remafedi (1999), and Bailey (1999).
Hershberger SL, D'Augelli AR (1995). The impact of victimization on the mental health and suicidality of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. Developmental Psychology, 31(1): 65-74.
Hershberger S, Pilkington N, D'Augelli A (1997). Predictors of suicide attempts among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth. Journal of Adolescent Research 12: 477-497.
Hidaka Y (2001). Mental health and school-based verbal abuse among Japanese gay and bisexual men. Presented at the 129th Annual meeting of the American Public Health Association (APHA), Atlanta, October.
Hidaka Y, Ichikawa S, Kihara, M (2001). Milestone events among Japanese Gay and Bisexual Men. Presented at the 109th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (APA), San Francisco, August.
Hinsch, Bret (1990). Passion of the Cut Sleeve: The Male Homosexual Tradition in China. Berkeley, CA: The University of California Press.
Hirshkop K, Shepherd D, Eds. (1989). Bakhtin and cultural theory. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press. Cited by Smith (1998).
Hockenberry S, Billingham R (1987). Sexual orientation and boyhood gender conformity: development of the Boyhood Gender Conformity Scale. Archives of Sexual Behavior 16(6): 475-92. Published erratum: Archives of Sexual Behavior 17(3), 1988: 287.
Holmes WC (1997). Association between a history of child sexual abuse and subsequent, adolescent psychoactive substance use disorder in a sample in a sample of HIV seropositive men. Journal of Adolescent Health 20: 414-9.
Holmes WC, Slap GB (1998). Sexual abuse of boys: definition, prevalence, correlates, sequelae, and management. JAMA, 280(21): 1855-62.
Housman, AE (1931). Praefanda. Hermes, 66: 402-12. Reprinted in J Diggle and FDR Goodyear, Eds. (1972). The Classical Papers of A. E. Housman (Volume 3), 1175-84. London: Cambridge University Press. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
HRC: The Human Rights Campaign (1999). 1998 Exit Polls Show Diverse Picture of Identified Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Electorate. Press Release, February, 16. Internet: http://www.hrc.org/newsreleases/1999/990216.asp - http://www.hrc.org/Content/ContentGroups/News_Releases/1999/EXIT_POLLS_SHOW_DIVERSE_PICTURE.htm - "The Voter News Service exit poll was conducted for ABC, CBS, NBC, CNN, Fox and the Associated Press. The data was purchased by HRC from Voter News Service."
Human Rights Watch (2001). Hatred in the Hallways: Violence and Discrimination Against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Students in U.S. Schools. New York / Washington: Human Rights Watch. Internet: http://www.hrw.org/reports/2001/uslgbt/
Humphreys, Laud (1975). Tearoom Trade: Impersonal Sex in Public Spaces. Aldine de Gruyter, New York.
Hunter J (1990). Violence against lesbian and gay males youths. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5: 295-300. Also published in Herek and Berrill, Eds. (1992).
Hu S, Pattatucci A, Patterson C, Fulker D, Cherny S, Kruglyak L, Hamer D (1995). Linkage between sexual orientation and chromosome Xq28 in males but not in females. Nature Genetics 11: 248-256.
Jay K, Young A (1977). The Gay Report: Lesbians and Gay Men Speak Out about Their Sexual Experiences and Lifestyles. New York: Summit.
Jennings K (1998). Telling Tales out of School. New York: Alison books.
Joe, Sean (2001). Suicide among African American men. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31 (Suppl): 107-119.
Johnson J, Williams J, Goetz R, Rabkin J, Remien R, Lipsitz J, Gorman J (1996). Personality disorders predict onset of Axis I disorders and impaired functioning among homosexual men with and at risk for HIV infection. Archives of General Psychiatry 53: 350-7.
Johnson RL, Shrier DK (1987). Past sexual victimization by females of male patients in an adolescent medicine clinic population. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144: 650-2.
Johnson RL, Shrier DK (1985). Sexual victimization of boys: experience at an adolescent medicine clinic. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 6: 372-6.
Johnston, William I (1995). Retesting and Seroconversion. In: William I. Johnston (Ed). HIV-Negative: How the uninfected are affected by AIDS, 219-234. New York: Insight Books, Plenum Publishing Corporation.
Jordan, KM (1997). I will survive: lesbian, gay, and bisexual experience of high school. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 7(4): 17-33.
Joyce C, O’Hanlon U (1999). There has to be a better way. Law Society Journal (NSW, Australia). Book Review: David Heilpern, 1998. Fear or favour: sexual assault of young prisoners. Lismore, Australia: Southern Cross University Press. Internet: http://www.lawsociety.com.au/page.asp?partid=66 (Must Register)/ Related Information in Google Cache: http://www.google.ca/search?q=cache:iVDt_U1SGHMJ:www.lawsociety.com.au/page.asp%3FPartID%3D2783+%22prisoner+rape+not+inevitable%22&hl=en
Kadokawa A (1998). Henyou suru Wakamono Bunka to Kyoiku [The changing culture of youth]. In Ijime to Futoukou [Bullying and School Refusal]. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten. Cited by Omori (1999).
Kalichman S, Benotsch E, Rompa D, Gore-Felton C, Austin J, Luke W, DiFonzo K, Buckles J, Kyomugisha F, Simpson D (2001). Unwanted sexual experiences and sexual risks in gay and bisexual men: associations among revictimization, substance abuse, and psychiatric symptoms. The Journal of Sex Research, 38(1): 1-9. Internet: http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2372/is_1_38/ai_75820033
Kalichman S, Kelly J, Johnson J, Bulto M (1994). Factors associated with risk for HIV infection among chronic mentally ill adults. American Journal of Psychiatry 151: 221-227.
Kaltiala-Heino R, and Matti R (1999). Bullying, depression, and suicidal ideation in Finnish adolescents: school survey. BJM, 319(7206): 348-50. Internet: http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0999/is_7206_319/ai_55552956 - http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=28187
Kato, Nadine (1999). Working with Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual International Students in the United States. International Educator, 8 (1). Fall/Winter, 1999. Internet: http://www.indiana.edu/~overseas/lesbigay/kato.html
Katz, Jonathan (2001). Sex between men before homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Katz, Jonathan (1995). The Invention of Heterosexuality. Dutton, New York. Internet Information: http://www.achillesheel.freeuk.com/br22_3.html - http://www.indiana.edu/~glbtlib/reviews/r01801.html . Related Information: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/assault/context/katzhistory.html
Kelly B, Raphael B, Judd F, Perdices M, Kernutt G, Burnett P, Dunne M, Burrows G (1998). Suicidal ideation, suicideattempts, and HIV infection. Psychosomatics 39(5): 405-15.
Keogh P, Weatherburn P, Hickson FCI (2000). Anonymous sex among homosexually active men: implications for HIV prevention. Venereology, 13(4): 143-148.
Keppel B, Hamilton A (1998). Using the Klein Scale to Teach about Sexual Orientation. Bisexual Resource Center. Internet: http://www.biresource.org/klein-graph.html
Kessler, Suzanne J (1998). Lessons From The Intersexed. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Khan, Shivananda (2001). Culture, sexualities, and identities: men who have sex with men in India. Journal of Homosexuality, 40(3/4), 99-115.
Khan, Shivananda (2000). Males who have sex with males in South Asia: a kothi framework. Pukaar (Newsletter of the NAZ Foundation International), 31 (Oct 1): 12-13, 22-23. Internet: http://www.nfi.net/NFI%20Publications/Pukaar/2000/October2000.pdf . NAZ Foundation International Home Page: http://www.nazfoundint.com/
Khan, Shivananda (1999). Socio-cultural constructions of male sexual behaviours in South Asia. Paper presented at the 5th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific. Internet: http://www.nfi.net/NFI%20Publications/Essays/99/Social%20constructions%20-%2099.DOC . NAZ Foundation International Home Page: http://www.nfi.net/
Khan, Shivananda (1996). Under the Blanket. In: P. Aggleton (Ed). Bisexualities and AIDS, 161-77. London: Taylor and Francis.
Khan, Shivananda (1995). Cultural constructions of male sexualities in India. Internet: http://www.nfi.net/NFI%20Publications/Essays/95/Sexuality%20-%2095.DOC . NAZ Foundation International Home Page: http://www.nfi.net/
Khan, Shivananda (1994). Cultural contexts of sexual behaviours and identities and their impact on HIV prevention models: an overview of South Asian men who have sex with men. Indian Journal of Social Work, LV(4): 633-46.
King JE (1994). Perceiving reality in a new way: rethinking the Black/White duality of our time. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA. Cited by Wardle (2000).
Kinsey A, Pomeroy W, Martin E (1948). Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.
Kinsman, Gary (1987). The Regulation of Desire: Sexuality in Canada. Montreal: Black Rose Books.
Kipke D, O'Connor S, Palmer R, MacKensie R (1995). Street Youth in Los Angeles. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 149: 513-9.
Kotila l, Lonnqvist J (1989). Suicide and violent death among adolescent suicide attempters. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia 79, 453-9.
Kourany R (1987). Suicide among homosexual adolescents. In Remafedi G (Ed). (1994), Death by Denial. Boston: Alyson Publications. Originally published as: Kourany RFC (1987). Suicide among homosexual adolescents. Journal of Homosexuality, 13(4), 111-7.
Krahé B, Schütze S, Fritsche I, Waizenhöfer E (2000). The prevalence of sexual aggression and victimization among homosexual men. The Journal of Sex Research, 37(2): 142-50. Internet: http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2372/is_2_37/ai_64698517
Krieger N, Sidney S (1997). Prevalence and health implications of anti-gay discrimination: a study of black and white women and men in the Cardia Cohort. International Journal of Health Services 27(l): 157-76.
Kruks, Gabe (1991). Gay and lesbian homeless /street youth: issues and concerns. Journal of Adolescent Health 12: 513-8.
Kryzan, Chris (2001). 2000 OutProud Internet Survey Data. The data set was obtained from Chris Kryzan (Executive Director of OutProud, The National Coalition for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Youth: http://www.outproud.org) in January 2001. See Note 18.
Kulkin HS, Chauvin EA, Percle GA (2000). Suicide among gay and lesbian adolescents and young adults: a review of the literature. Journal of Homosexuality, 40(1): 1-29.
Larking Street Youth Center (1982). Clients statistics. San Francisco.
Laskey I, Beavis C, Eds. (1995). Schooling and sexuality: teaching for a positive sexuality. Geekong: Deakin University for Education and Change. Cited by Morino (1999).
Laumann EO et al. (1994). The Sexual Organization of Sexuality - Sexual Practices in the United States. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Layton L (1998). Who's that girl? Who's that boy? Clinical practice meets Postmodern gender theory. Northvale, NJ: Aronson. Cited by Frommer (2000).
Leahy, Terry (1992). Positively experienced man/boy sex: the discourse of seduction and social construction of masculinity. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology, 28(1): 71-88.
Leck, Glirianne (2000). Heterosexual or homosexual? Education & Urban Society, 32(3): 324-48.
Lee, Gary (1998). Indigenous people & HIV: Boys to men. National Aids Bulletin, 12(3). Internet: http://members.tripod.com/reconciliation/nab_boys.htm
Lehtonen J (1995). The heterosexual matrix and the school system - are young people getting support in the creation of lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities? Paper presented at the European Sociological Association Conference, Budapest, Hungary, September. Cited by Nayak and Kehily (1995).
Lenderking W, Wold C, Mayer K, Goldstein R, Losina N, Seage G (1997). Childhood sexual abuse among homosexual men: prevalence and association with unsafe sex. Journal of General Internal Medicine 12(4): 250-3.
Levine L, Beeler L (1997). Sexual Orientation and Youth Suicide. Paper presented at Defining the Problem and Meeting The Challenge: Third Bi-Regional Adolescent Suicide Prevention Conference held in Breckenridge, Colorado, September, 1997. Vermont data is available from Kelly Hale at The Vermont Department of Health (802) 651-1557, or from Shaun Donahue at The Vermont Department of Education (802) 748-8640.
Lewinsohn P, Rohde P, and Seeley J (1993). Psychosocial characteristics of adolescents with a history of a suicide attempt. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 32: 60-68.
Lewis G (1988). The correlation between unsafe sexual behaviors and suicidal probability. Ph.D. Thesis, United States International University, DAI Vol. 49-07B, p. 2863, 139 pages.
Lippa RA (2001). On Deconstructing and Reconstructing Masculinity–Femininity. Journal of Research in Personality, 35: 168–207. Internet: http://www.blessum.co.uk/articles/mascfem.pdf
Lippa RA (2000). Gender-related traits in gay men, lesbian women, and heterosexual men and women: the virtual identity of homosexual-heterosexual diagnosticity and gender diagnosticity. Journal of Personality, 68(50: 899-926.
Loach B, Bloor C (1995). 'Dropping the bully to find the racist'. Multicultural Teaching, 13: 18-20.
Loredo C, Reid A, and Deaux K (1995). Judgments and definition of sexual harassment by high school students. A Journal of Research, 32(1/2): 29-45.
Los Angeles Suicide Prevention Center (1986). Problems of Suicide among Lesbian and Gay Adolescents.
Lyketsos G, Sakka P, Mailis A (1983). The sexual adjustment of chronic schizophrenics: A preliminary study. British Journal of Psychiatry 143: 376-382.
Lynch FR (1992). Non-ghetto gays: an ethnography of suburban heterosexuals. In: G. Herdt (Ed). Gay culture in America, 165-201. Boston: Beacon Press. (Cited by Ridge et al., 1992)
Mac an Ghaill, M (1994). The making of men, masculinities and schooling. Buckingham: Open University Press.
MacMillan H, Fleming J, Trocme N, Boyle M, Wong M, Racine Y, Beardslee W, Offord D (1997). Prevalence of child physical and sexual abuse in the community. JAMA 278: 131-35.
Madson, Laura (2001). A classroom activity exploring the complexity of sexual orientation. Teaching of Psychology, 28(1): 32-5.
Marczely, Bernadette (1999). Mixed messages: sexual harassment in the public schools. The Clearing House, 72(5): 315-8.
Mandel, Laurie (1996). Heterosexism, sexual harassment, and adolescent gender Identity: a social and sexual curriculum in junior high. ED.D. Thesis, Hofstra University, DAI, Vol 57-07A, p. 2775, 180 pages.
Mansergh G, Marks G (1998). Age and risk of HIV infection in men who have sex with men. AIDS, 12: 1119-28.
Marmor, Judd (1981). The multiple roots of homosexual behavior. In: Judd Marmor (Ed). Homosexual Behavior: A Modern Reappraisal, 3-22. New York; Basic Books.
Marmor, Judd, Ed. (1965). Sexual Inversion: The Multiple Roots of Homosexuality. New York: Basic Books.
Marshall, John (1981). Pansies, perverts, and macho men: Changing perceptions of male homo sexuality. In: Kenneth Plummer (Ed). The Making of the Modern Homosexual, 133-154. London: Hutchinson.
Martin AD, Hetrick ES (1988). The stigmatization of the gay and lesbian adolescent. Journal of Homosexuality, 15(1/2): 163-83.
Martin Andrew (1997). The Invention of Heterosexuality by Jonathan Ned Katz (Book Review). archilles HEEL: the radical men's magazine, Issue 22, Summer/Autumn. Internet: http://www.achillesheel.freeuk.com/br22_3.html
Martindale S, Strathdee S, Hogg R, Cornelisse P, Miller M, Devlin B, Montaner, J. O'Shaughnessy M, Schechter M (1997). Evidence of Psychologic Distress in a Cohort of Young Gay/Bisexual Men. Paper presented at the BC AIDS Conference in Vancouver, October, 1997. Internet Page: http://cfeweb.hivnet.ubc.ca/vanguard/PAPERS/BCAIDS97Steve.html
Martino, Wayne (2000). Policing masculinities: investigating the role of homophobia and heteronormativity in the lives of adolescent boys. The Journal of Men's Studies, 8(2): 213-36.
Martino, Wayne (1999). 'Coll Boys', 'Party Animals', 'Squids' and 'Poofters': interrogating the dynamics and politics of adolescent masculinities in school. The Journal of Sociology of Education, 20(2): 239-62.
Martin R, Cloninger C, Guze S, Clayton P (1985). Mortality in a follow-up of 500 psychiatric patients. Archives of General Psychiatry 42: 58-66.
Massachusetts's Youth Risk Behavior Survey (1995): Relevant data made available in Sexual Orientation and Youth Suicide by Lynne Levine & Linda Beeler. Paper presented at Defining the Problem and Meeting The Challenge: Third Bi-Regional Adolescent Suicide Prevention Conference held in Breckenridge, Colorado, September, 1997. Massachusetts' 1995 Youth Risk Behavior Survey at - http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrb95/yrb95ltr.html - Data Related to Sexual Orientation: http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrb95/yrb95111.html#c6 - Summary of research results: http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/gay-lesbian-bisexual/2i-youth-risk-behavior-survey.htm#24 - http://www.youth-suicide/gay-bisexual/gbsuicide3.htm#24 - Related published papers - Garofalo et al., 1998, 1999.
Massachusetts' Youth Risk Behavior Survey (1997): Table of Contents: http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs97/97yrbstoc.html#TOC - Data Related to Sexual Orientation: http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs97/97yrbs06.html - http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs97/97yrbs08.html - Summary of research results: http://www.youth-suicide/gay-bisexual/gbsuicide3.htm#mass97 - http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/gay-lesbian-bisexual/2i-youth-risk-behavior-survey.htm#mass97
Massachusetts' Youth Risk Behavior Survey (1999). Table of Contents: http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs99/toc.html - Data related to sexual orientation: http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs99/chapter4.html - http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs99/chapter5.html - http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs99/chapter6.html - http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs99/chapter8.html - http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs99/chapter10.html - Summary of research results: http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/gay-lesbian-bisexual/2i-youth-risk-behavior-survey.htm - http://www.youth-suicide/gay-bisexual/gbsuicide3.htm#mass99
Massachusetts' Youth Risk Behavior Survey (2001). Internet: http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs/01/results.pdf
Massachusetts' Youth Risk Behavior Survey (2003). Internet: http://www.doe.mass.edu/hssss/yrbs/03/results.pdf
Mazza, James (1997). School-based suicide prevention programs: are they effective? School Psychology Review 25(2): 382-98.
McCann IL, Pearlman LA (1990). Psychological trauma and the adult survivor: theory, therapy, transformation. New York: Bruner-Mazel. Cited by Theuninck, 2002).
McDaniel S, Purcell J, D'Augelli A (2001). Suicide and suicidal behaviors among gay, lesbian, and bisexual persons. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31(Suppl.): 84-105.
McDermott B, Sautter F, Winstead D, Quirk T (1994). Diagnosis, health beliefs, and risk of HIV infection in psychiatric patients. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 45: 580-585.
McGuffy CS, Rich BL (1999). Playing it in the gender zone: race, class, and hegemonic masculinity in middle childhood. Gender and Society, 13(5): 608-27.
McKirnan D, Peterson P (1989). Alcohol and drug use among homosexual men and women: epidemiology and population characteristics. Addictive Behaviors 14: 545-53.
McKnight J, Malcolm J (2000). Is homosexuality maternally linked? Psychology, Evolution, and Gender, 2(3), 1129-39.
McLean, Kirsten (2001). Living life in the double closet: bisexual youth speak out. Hecate, 27(1): 109-18. Cited from digital copy, Academic Search Premier database.
McWhirter DP, Sanders SA, Reinisch JM (1990). Homosexuality/Heterosexuality; Concepts of Sexual Orientation. New York. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Meyer HH (2001). Why lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender public health? American Journal of Public Health, 91(6): 856-859.
Meyer IH (2003). Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: conceptual issues and research evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129(5): 674-97.
Meyer I (1995). Minority stress and mental health in gay men. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 36: 38-56.
Miller J (1998). A narrative interview with Ann Hartman. Part One: Becoming a social worker. Reflections: Narratives of Professional Helping, 4(3), 56-69.
Minton HL, Mattson SR (1998). Deconstructing heterosexuality: life stories from gay New York, 1935-1941. Journal of Homosexuality, 36(1): 43-61. First published as: Minton, Henry (1995). Deconstructing Heterosexuality: Life Stories From Gay New York, 1935-1941. History of Psychology Newsletter, 27(3).
Montgomery, Alicia (2001). A deadly taboo. Salon Magazine, June 22. Internet: http://dir.salon.com/news/feature/2001/06/22/aids/index.html
Morgan, Fiona (1998). An audience with the Queen (Interview with Scott Thompson). Salon Magazine, July 23. Internet: http://dir.salon.com/ent/int/1998/07/23int.html
Morgenstern J, Langenbucher J, Labouvie E, Miller K (1997). The comorbidity of alcoholism and personality disorders in a clinical population: prevalence rates and relation to alcohol typology variables. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 106(1): 74-84.
Morita Y et al. (1999). Nihon no Ijime [Bullied in Japan] Kaneko-shobo.
Morris M, Zavisca J, Dean L (1995). Social and sexual networks: their role in the spread of HIV/AIDS among young gay men. AIDS Prevention and Education 7(5 Suppl): 24-35.
Morrison LL, L'Heureux J (2001). Suicide and gay / lesbian / bisexual youth: implications for clinicians. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1): 39-49.
Moscicki, Eve (1995). Epidemiology of suicidal behavior. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 25(1): 22-35.
Moscicki Eve (1989). Epidemiologic surveys as tools for studying suicidal behavior: A review. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 19(1): 131-46.
Moscicki E, Muehrer P, and Potter L (1995). Introduction to supplementary issue: research issues in suicide and sexual orientation. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 25(Suppl): 1-3.
Moscicki E, O'Carroll P, Rae D, Roy A, Locke B, Regier D (1989). Suicidal Ideation And Attempts: The Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study. In: Mark L. Rosenburg and Katie Baer (Eds). Report of the Secretary's Task Force in Youth Suicide - Volume 4: Strategies for the prevention of Youth Suicide. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.
Motto J, Heilbron D, Juster R (1985). Development of a clinical instrument to estimate suicide risk. American Journal of Psychiatry 142(6): 680-6.
Muehrer Peter (1995). Suicide and sexual orientation: a critical summary of recent research and directions for future research. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 25(Suppl): 72-81.
Muehrer P, Moscicki E, Potter L, Eds. (1995). Research issues in suicide and sexual orientation. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 25 (Suppl).
Munsey, David (1997). The Love That Need Not Name its Speaker. National Journal of Sexual Orientation Law 2(1). Internet: http://www.ibiblio.org/gaylaw/issue3/munsey.html - Home Page: http://www.ibiblio.org/gaylaw/
Murakami, Yoshio (1989). Bullies in the Classroom. In: J.J. Shields, Jr. (Ed). Japanese Schooling: Patterns of Socialization, Equality, and Political Control, 145-151. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press.
Murphey, Damien (1998). One in four [young men] face jail sex assault. Sidney Morning Herald. Internet Availability: - http://nz.com/NZ/Queer/OUT/news-199806/19980612.html
Murray, Stephen O (2000). Homosexualities. Chicago; University of Chicago Press.
Murray, Stephen O (1997). Explaining away same-sex sexualities. Anthropology Today, 13(3): 2-5.
Murray S, Roscoe W, Eds. (1998). Boy-Wives and Female Husbands: Studies in African Homosexualities. New York: St.Martin's Press. Extracts: http://www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Stonewall/3044/africa.html - Book Review by Gert Hekma, University of Amsterdam: http://semgai.free.fr/contenu/textes/Murray/Murray_par_Hekma.html
Murray, Stephen et al., Eds (1992). Oceanic Homosexualities. New York: Garland Publishing.
Muscarella, Frank (1999). The homoerotic behavior that never evolved. Journal of homosexuality, 37(3): 1-18.
Mutchler, Matt (2000). Seeking Sexual Lives; gay youth and masculinity tensions. In: Peter Nardi (Ed). Gay Masculinities: Research on Men and Masculinities, pp. 12-43. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Naikaku-Fu [Cabinet office, Government of Japan] (2001) Seisyo-nen Hakusyo, [Youth Report]
Nansel TR, Overpeck M, Pilla RS, Rian WJ, Somons-Morton B, Scheit P (2001). Bullying behaviors among US students: prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment. JAMA, 285(16): 2094-2100.
Nayak A and Kehily J (1996). Playing it straight: masculinities, homophobia and schooling. Journal of Gender Studies, 5(2): 211-30.
Nayak A, Kehily M (1996a). Masculinity and schooling: why are young men so homophobic? In: Deborah L Steinberg et al. (Eds). Border patrols: policing the boundaries of heterosexuality, 138-61. London; Cassell.
Nettle SM, Mucherah W, Jones, DS (2000). Understanding resilience: the role of social resources. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 5(1/2): 47-60.
Newman BS, Muzzonigro PG (1993). The effects of traditional family values on the coming out process of gay male adolescents. Adolescence, 28(109): 213-26.
Newton, Esther (1993). Cherry Grove, Fire Island: Sixty years in America's first gay and lesbian town. Boston: Beacon Press.
Nicholas J, Howard J (2001). Same-Sex Attracted Youth Suicide: Why are we still talking about it? Presented at the Suicide Prevention Australia National Conference, Sydney, April. The Power Point presentation was made available to the authors by John Howard.
Nicholas J, Howard, J (1998). Better dead than gay: depression, suicide ideation, and attempt among a sample of gay and straight-identified males aged 18 to 24. Youth Studies Australia 17(4): 28-33. Based on Nicholas, Jonathan (1998). Better to be dead than gay? A study of suicidal behaviour in a sample of gay and straight males aged 18-24. Honors thesis, Macquarie University, Australia.
Nilsson, Arne (1998). Creating their own private and public space in a Nordic city during high modernity. Journal of Homosexuality 35(3/4): 81-116.
Nolin MJ, Davies E, Chandler K (1996). Student victimisation at school. Journal of School Health, 66(6): 216-21.
Norman, Elaine, Ed. (2000). Resiliency Enhancement Putting the Strength Perspective Into Social Work Practice. New York: Columbia University Press.
O'Brien CA, Travers, R, Bell L (1993). No Safe Bed: Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Youth in
Residential Services. Toronto: Central Toronto Youth Services.
O'Carroll P, Berman A, Maris R, Moscicki E, Tanney B, Silverman M (1998). Beyond the Tower of Babel: a nomenclature for suicidology. In: Kosky et al. (Eds). Suicide Prevention, 23-39. New York: Plenum Press. Previously published as O'Carroll P, Berman A, Maris R, Moscicki E, Tanney B, and Silverman M. (1996). Beyond the tower of Babel: A nomenclature for suicidology, Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 26(3): 237-52.
Olweus, Dan (1993). Bullying at School: What We Know and What We Can Do. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell. Cited by Rivers and Smith (1994).
Olweus, Dan (1991). Bully/victim problems among school children: basic facts and effects of a chool based intervention program. In: D. Pepler and K Rubin (Eds). The Development and treatment of childhood aggression, 411-448. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Omori, Miya (1999). Ijime (Bullying). Child Research Net: Articles by CRN Advisory Board Members, January 8. Internet: http://www.childresearch.net/CYBRARY/MABM/MEMBER3.HTM
Oregon Youth Risk Behavior Survey (1997, 1999). Results of 1997 survey: http://www.ohd.hr.state.or.us/chs/teensuic/results.htm . Students were asked "whether they had been harassed in the previous 30 days and, if so, why. Two percent of the respondents said they had been because they were perceived to be gay, lesbian, or bisexual. A related question was asked in 1999, but over a 12-month period. The 1999 survey was to solicit "sexual orientation" information but someone decided to omit related questions. Results of the 1999 survey: http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/gay-lesbian-bisexual/2i-youth-risk-behavior-survey.htm#oregon99 - http://www.youth-suicide/gay-bisexual/gbsuicide3.htm#oregon99 - http://www.dhs.state.or.us/publichealth/archive/2000/0920ipe.cfm
Orenstein, Alan (2001). Substance use among gay and lesbian adolescents. Journal of Homosexuality, 41(2): 1-15. Internet Summary of Results: http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/homosexuality-suicide/substance-use/drugs-alcohol.htm
Otis, Joanne (2000). Évènement suicidaires chez les hommes gais. Le Vis-À-Vie, 10(2): 15-7. Internet: http://www.cam.org/%7Eaqs/docs/vav/v10/v10n2-05.html
Otis J, Noël R, Lavoie R, LeClerc R, Turmel B, Alary M, Remis R, et al. (Summer, 2000). Suicide and social vulnerability to HIV infection among gay and bisexual men in Montréal. Montréal, Canada, Working Document.
Otis J, Ryan B, Chouinard N (1997). Prévention du VIH: Impact du "Projet 10" sur le mieux-être sexuel de jeunes gais et bisexuels. Profil des jeunes à leur entrée au groupe de support du Projet 10. Université du Québec à Montréal (département de sexologie).
Otto U (1972). Suicidal acts by children and adolescents: A follow-up study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia Supplement, 233.
Owen RE (1998). Queer Kids. New York: Harrington Park Press.
Parker, Andrew (1996). The construction of masculinity within boys' physical education. Gender and Education, 8(2): 141-57.
Parker, Holt N (2001). The myth of the heterosexual: anthropology and sexuality for classicists. Arethusa, 34: 313-62.
Parker, Holt N (1997). The Teratogenic Grid. In: JP Hallet and MB Skinner, Eds. Roman Sexualities, 47-65. Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Parker, Holt N (1996). Heterosexuality. In: The Oxford Classical Dictionary, 702-3. 3rd edition, Oxford. Reprinted in S. Hornblower, and A Spawforth, Eds. (1998). Reprinted in S. Hornblower, and A Spawforth, Eds. (1998). The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilisation, 342-3. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Cited by Parker, 2001).
Percy, William Armstrong III (1996). Pederasty and Pedagogy in Archaic Greece. Urbana: University if Illinois Press. Cited in Murray (2000).
Percy-Smith B, Matthews H (2001). Tyrannical spaces: young people, bullying, and urban neighbourhoods. Local Environment, 6(1): 49-63.
Perkins D, Davidson E, Leserman J, Liao D, Evans D (1993). Personality disorders in patients infected with HIV: a controlled study with implications for clinical care. American Journal of Psychiatry 150: 309-15.
Perry Pamela (2001). White means never having to say you're ethnic. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 30(1): 56-91.
Peterson J, Folkman S, Bakeman R (1996). Stress, coping, HIV status, psychosocial resources, and depressive mood in African American gay, bisexual, and heterosexual men. American Journal of Community Psychology 24(4): 461-87.
Pillard RC (1991). Masculinity and femininity in homosexuality: ‘‘Inversion’’ revisited. In J. C. Gonsiorek & J. D. Weinrich (Eds.), Homosexuality: Research implications for public
policy (pp. 32–43). Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Cited by Lippa (2000).
Pharr, Suzanne (1993). HOMOPHOBIA: a weapon of sexism. SIECUS Report, 21(3): 1-4. Internet: http://www.schryer.com/homophobia/article4.html - http://www.soaw.org/new/article.php?id=476 The SIECUS article is an excerpt from Pharr, Suzanne (1998). HOMOPHOBIA: A Weapon of Sexism. Little Rock, AR: Chardon Press.
Phillips G, Over R (1992). Adult sexual orientation in relation to memories of childhood gender conforming and gender nonconforming behaviors. Archives of Sexual Behavior 21(6): 543-58.
Pilkington N, D'Augelli, A (1995). Victimization of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth in community settings. Journal of Community Psychology 23: 34-57.
Plummer, David (2001). The quest for modern manhood: masculine stereotypes, peer culture and the social significance of homophobia. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1): 15-33.
Plummer, David (1999). One of the boys: masculinity, homophobia, and modern manhood. New York: Haworth Press.
Povinelli, Maryanne, Remafedi G, Tao G (1996). Trends and predictors of immunodeficiency virus antibody testing by homosexual and bisexual adolescent males, 1989-1994. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 150: 33-38.
Proctor C, Groze V (1994). Risk factors for suicide among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths. Social Work 39(5): 504-13.
Purkiss, Nathan (1997). Professionalism, sexology and power: ideology of homosexuality in the United States military. Ex PostFacto, the HSA (History Students Associations) Journal, San Francisco State University. Internet: http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~epf/1997/purkiss.html
Qin P, Agerbo E, Mortensen PB (2003). Suicide risk in relation to socioeconomic, demographic, psychiatric, and familial factors: a national register-based study of all suicides in Denmark, 1981-1997. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(4): 765-72.
Rabinovitch (2000). Manitoba Youth and Child Secretariat: 1996.
Radkowsky M, and Siegel LJ (1997). The gay adolescent: stressors, adaptation, and psychosocial interventions. Clinical Psychology Review, 17(2): 191-216.
Rado, Sandor (1940). A critical examination of the concept of bisexuality. Psychosomatic Medicine 2: 459-67.
Rahman, Qazi (1999). Comments on the neuroanatomy of human sexual orientation and proposed neuroendocrine hypotheses. Journal of Contemporary Neurology, October. Internet: http://www.aacnonline.com/e-journals/articles/004/Rahman.html .
Ramsay R, Bagley C (1985). The prevalence of suicidal behaviors, attitudes and associated social experiences inan urban population. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 15(3): 151-67.
Redman P, Mac an Ghaill M (1997). Educating Peter; the making of a history man. In: Deborah L Steinberg et al. (Eds). Border patrols: policing the boundaries of heterosexuality, 162-82. London; Cassell.
Reid, Tim (2002). Kandahar comes out of the closet. The Times (London). January 12. Internet: http://www.sodomylaws.org/world/afghanistan/afnews007.htm
Reinherz H, Giaconia R, Silverman A, Friedman A, Pakiz B, Frost A, Cohen E (1995). Early psychosocial risk foradolescent suicidal ideation and attempts. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 34(5): 599-611.
Reis B, Saewyc E (1999). Eigthy-Three Thousand Youth: Selected findings of eight population based studies. Seattle: Safe Schools Coalition of Washington. Internet: PDF Download at http://www.safeschoolscoalition.org/safe.html
Reiss, Albert (1961). The social integration of peers and queers. Social Problems 9(2): 197-228.
Reitz, Daniel (1997). From fisting to Flaubert (Interview with Edmund White). Salon Magazine, October 15. Internet: http://www.salon.com/books/int/1997/10/15white2.html
Remafedi, Gary (1999a). Suicide and sexual orientation: nearing the end of controversy? Archives of General Psychiatry 56(10): 885-6. Internet:
Remafedi, Gary (1999). Sexual orientation and youth suicide (Review). JAMA 282, 1291-1292. Internet: http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/282/13/1291
Remafedi, Gary, Ed. (1994). Death by Denial: studies of suicide in gay and lesbian teenagers. Boston: Alyson Publication.
Remafedi, Gary (1994). Predictors of unprotected intercourse among gay and bisexual youths: knowledge, beliefs, and behavior. Pediatrics, 94(2): 163-168.
Remafedi Gary (1987). Adolescent homosexuality: psychosocial and medical implications. Pediatrics 79(3): 331-7.
Remafedi G, Farrow J, Deisher R (1991). Risk factors for attempted suicide in gay and bisexual youth. Pediatrics 87(6): 869-75.
Remafedi G, French S, Story M, Resnick M, and Blum R (1998). The relationship between suicide risk and sexual orientation: results of a population-based study. American Journal of Public Health 88(1): 57-60.
Renold, Emma (2001). Learning the 'hard' way: boys, hegemonic masculinity and the negotiation of learner identities in primary school. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 22(3): 369-85.
Renold, Emma (2000). 'Coming out': gender, (heterosexuality and the primary school. Gender and Education, 17(3): 309-26.
Rich, Adrienne (1980). Compulsory heterosexuality and lesbian existence. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 5 (4): 631-660.
Rice G, Anderson C, Risch N, and Ebers G (1999). Male homosexuality: absence of linkage to microsatellite markers atXq28. Science 284: 665-7.
Rice G, Anderson C, Risch N, and Ebers G (1995). Male homosexuality: absence of linkage to micro satellite markers on the X-chromosome in a Canadian study. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the International Academy of Sex Research. September 20-24. Provincetown, Massachusetts. Cited by Khytam Dawood, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University: http://www.psych.nwu.edu/~khytam/so.html (Note: See Finn (1996) for a citation.)
Rich C, Fowler R, Young D, Blenkush M (1986). San Diego Suicide Study: Comparison of Gay to Straight Males. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 16(4): 448-57.
Richardson M, Myers H, Bing E, and Satz P (1997). Substance use and psychopathology in African American men at risk for HIV infection. Journal of Community Psychology 25(4): 353-70.
Richlin, Amy (1993). Not before homosexuality. Journal of the History of Sexuality, 3: 523-73.
Richlin, Amy (1992). The Garden of Priapus: Sexuality and Aggression in Roman Humor (Revised Edition). New York: Oxford University Press. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Ridge D, Minichiello V, Plummer D (1997). Queer Connections: community, "the scene," and an epidemic. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 28(2): 146-81.
Rind, Bruce (2001). Gay and bisexual adolescent boys' sexual experiences with men: An Empirical Examination of Psychological Correlates in a Nonclinical Sample. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 30(4): 345-268.
Rind B, Tromovitch P, Bauserman R (1998). A meta-analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples. Psychological Bulletin, 124: 22-53.
Rivers I (2001). The bullying of sexual minorities at school: Its nature and long-term correlates. Educational and Child Psychology, 2001, 18(1): 32-46.
River I, Smith PK (1994). Types of bullying behaviour and their correlates. Aggressive Behavior, 20: 359-68.
Roesler T, Deisher R (1972). Youthful male homosexuality. Journal of the American Medical Association 219: 1018-23.
Rofes, Eric (1995). Making our schools safe for sissies. In: Gerald Unks (Ed). The Gay Teen: Educational Practice and Theory for Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adolescents, 79-84. New York: Routledge. Also published in The High School Journal, 77(1/2), 1994: 37-40.
Rofes, Eric (1983). "I Thought People Like That Killed Themselves:" Lesbians, gay men and suicide. San Francisco: Grey FoxPress.
Rosenberger P, Bornstein R, Nasrallah H, Para M, Whitaker C, Fass R, Rice R (1993). Psychopathology in humanimmunodeficiency virus infection: lifetime and current assessment. Comprehensive Psychiatry 34: 150-8.
Rogers CM, and Terry T (1984). Clinical interventions with boy victims of sexual abuse. In: I Stewart and J. Greer (Eds). Victims of sexual aggression, 91-104. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Root M, Ed. (1996). The multiracial experience: racial borders as the new frontier. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Cited by Brunsma and Rockquemore (2001).
Ross M (1990). The relationship between life events and mental health in homosexual men. Journal of Clinical Psychology 46(4): 402-12.
Rosario M, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Reid H (1996). Gay-related stress and its correlates among gay and bisexual male adolescents of predominantly Black and Hispanic background. Journal of Community Psychology, 24(2): 136-59.
Rotello, Gabriel (2001). Calling all parents. The Advocate, January 16. Internet: http://www.advocate.com/html/stories/828_9/828_9_rotello.asp
Rothblum ED (1994). "I only read about myself on bathroom walls": the need for research on the mental health of lesbians and gay men. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62(2), 213-220.
Rotheram-Borus, Mary (1993). Suicidal Behavior and risk factors among runaway youths. American Journal of Psychiatry 150: 103-7.
Rotheram-Borus, M, Rosario M, Reid H, Koopman C (1995). Predicting patterns of sexual acts among homosexual and bisexual youths. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(4): 588-95.
Rotheram-Borus, M, Hunter J, Rosario M (1994). Suicidal behavior and gay-related stress among gay and bisexual male adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research 9(4): 498-508.
Rouse KAG, Longo M, Trickett M (1999). Fostering resilience in children. Bulletin 875-99. The Ohio State University. Internet: http://ohioline.osu.edu/b875/ - Citation from "Definition of resilience": http://ohioline.osu.edu/b875/b875_1.html
Rowson, Everett K (1991). The categorization of gender and sexual irregularity in Medieval Arabic Vice Lists. In: J Epstein and K Straub, Eds. The Cultural Politics of Gender Ambiguity. New York: Routledge. . (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Russell ST, Franz BT, Driscoll AK (2001). Same-sex romantic attractions and experiences of violence in Adolescence. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6): 903-6.
Russell ST, Joyner K (2001). Adolescent sexual orientation and suicide risk: evidence from a national study. American Journal of Public Health, 91(8): 1276-81.
Ryan J (2001). Can psychoanalysis understand homophobia: Resistance in the clinic. In T. Dean and C. Lane (Ed). Homosexuality and Psychoanalysis, 307-321. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Saewyc, Elizabeth (2002). The 1995 Seattle Youth Risk Behavior suicidality results for males based on sexual identification / self-labelling measures were made available via email, January 2001. The results for males and females analysed together have been available in publications and online since 1996. Professor Elizabeth M. Saewyc, PhD, RN, PHN is at the Public Health and Center for Adolescent Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota.
Saewyc E, Bearinger L, Heinz P, Blum R, Resnick M (1998). Gender differences in health and risk behaviors among bisexual and homosexual adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health 23(3): 181-8.
Saewyc EM, Skay CL, Bearinger LH, Blum RW, Resnick MD (1998a). Demographics of sexual orientation among American-Indian adolescents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 68(4): 590-600.
Saewyc EM, Skay CL, Bearinger LH, Blum RWM, Resnick MD (1998). Sexual orientation, sexual behaviors, and pregnancy among American Indian adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 23(4): 238–247
Salmon G, James A, Smith DM (1998). Bulling in school: self reported anxiety, depression and self-esteem in secondary school children. BMJ, 317: 924-5.
Sandfort TG (1983). Pedophile relationships in the Netherlands: Alternative lifestyle for children? Alternate Lifestyles, 5: 164-183.
Sandfort TG (1982). The sexual aspect of paedophile relationships: the experience of twenty-five boys. Amsterdam: Pan / Spartacus.
Sandfort TG, Brongersma E, van Naerssen A (1990). Man-boy relationships: different concepts for a diversity of phenomena. Journal of Homosexuality, 20(1/2): 5-12.
Sandfort TG, de Graaf R, Bijl RV, Schnabel P (2001). Same-sex sexual behavior and psychiatric disorders: findings from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS). Archives of General Psychiatry, 58(1): 85-91. Internet: http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/issues/v58n1/ffull/yoa9456.html
Sandfort TG, de Graaf R, Bijl R, and Schnabel P (1999). Sexual Orientation and Mental Health: Data from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS). Stony Brook, NY: International Academy of Sex Research. Reference quoted in Bailey (1999).
San Francisco 1997 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Results are available in part 5 of the SSCW (1999) Safe Schools Coalition of WA - Trainer's Manual. Internet: http://www.safeschools-wa.org/
Savin-Williams RC (2001). Suicide attempts among sexual minority youths: population and measurement Issues. Journal of consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(6): 983-91.
Savin-Williams RC (2001a). A critique of research on sexual-minority youths. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1): 5-13.
Savin-Williams RC (1997). "...And Then I Became Gay:" Young Men's Stories. New York: Routledge.
Savin-Williams RC (1994). Verbal and physical abuse as stressors in the lives of lesbian, gay male, and bisexual youths: associations with school problems, running away, substance abuse, prostitution, and suicide. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 62(2): 261-9.
Scacco, Anthony, Ed. (1982). Male Rape: A Casebook of Sexual Aggression. New York: AMS Press.
Schmitt, Aeno (1995). Bio-Bibliography of Male-Male Sexuality and Eroticism in Muslim Societies. Berlin: Verlag Rosa Winkel. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Schneider M, Tremble B (1986-86). Gay or straight? Working with confused adolescents. Journal of Social Work and Human Sexuality, 4(1/2): 71-82.
Schneider S, Farberow N, Kruks G (1989). Suicidal behavior in adolescent and young adult gay men. Suicide Life Threatening Behavior 19: 381-94.
Schneider S, Taylor S, Hammem C, Kemery M, Dudley J (1991). Factors influencing suicide intent in gay and bisexual suicide ideators: differing models for men with and without human immunodeficiency virus. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 61(5): 776-87.
Schoolland K (1986). Ijime: the bullying of Japanese youth. International Education, 15: 5-28. Cited by Omori (1999).
Seal D, Kelly J, Bloom F, Stevenson L, Coley B, Broyles L (2000). HIV prevention with young men who have sex with men: what young men themselves say is needed. AIDS Care 12(1): 5-26.
Seattle Youth Risk Survey Results (1995). Information made available by the Safe Schools Coalition of Washington (1996, 1999). Summaries of Youth Risk Behavior Survey: Table 4 (p. 10) and Table 6 (p. 15), Reis B, Saewyc E (1999). Eighty-Three Thousand Youth. Internet: PDF Download at http://www.safeschoolscoalition.org/safe.html
Sebold J (1987). Indicators of child sexual abuse in males. Social Casework, 68(2): 75-80.
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky (1993). How to Bring Your Kids Up Gay: The War on Effeminate Boys. In: Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, Tendencies, 154-64. Durham: Duke University Press. A version of the same essay is published as "How to bring up your kids gay." In: Michael Warner (Ed). Fear of a Queer Planet: Queer politics and Social Theory, 69-81. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Sell RL, Becker JB (2001). Sexual orientation data collection and progress toward Healthy People 2010. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6): 876-82.
Sellar C, Hawton K, Goldacre M (1990). Self-poisoning in adolescents; hospital admissions and death in the Oxford region: 1980-85. British Journal of Psychiatry 156: 866-70.
Seto, Jun'ichi (1998). A chain of brutal attacks by junior high school students. Foreign Press Center, Japan. Internet: http://www.fpcj.jp/e/shiryo/jc/jc.html
Shaffer D, Fisher P, Hicks M, Gould M. (1995). Sexual orientation in adolescents who commit suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 25(Suppl.): 64-71.
Shafii M, Carrigan B, Whittinghill J, Derick A (1985). Psychosocial autopsy of completed suicides in children and adolescents. American Journal of Psychiatry 142: 1061-64.
Shakeshaft C, Barber E, Hergenrother MA, Johnson YM, Mandel L, Johnson YM (1995). Peer harassment in schools. Journal of Just and Caring Education, 1(1): 30-44.
Shakeshaft C, Mandel L, Johnson YM, Sawyer J, Hergenrother MA, Barber E (1997). Boys call me cow. Educational Leadership, 55(2): 22-5. Internet: http://www.ascd.org/safeschools/el9710/shakeshaftcow.html
Shoko, Yoneyama (2001). Stress, disempowerment, and school non-attendance: a hypothesis. The Language Teacher, 25(10): 17-22.
Siegal, Karolynn; Meyer, Ilan H. (1999). Hope and resilience in suicide ideation and behavior of gay and bisexual men following notification of HIV infection. AIDS Education and Prevention 11(1): 53-64.
Sigal, Pete (2002). To cross the sexual borderlands: the history of sexuality in the Americas. Radical History Review, 82: 171-85.
Silva KT, Schensul SL, Schensul JJ, Nastasi B, Amarasiri de Silva MW, Sivayoganathan C, Ratnayake P, Wedsinghe P, Lewis J, Eisenberg M, Aponso H (1997). Youth and Sexual Risk in Sri Lanka. Women and AIDS Research Program. Washington DC: International Center for Research on Women. Cited in Rivers K, and Aggleton P (1999). Adolescent Sexuality, Gender and the HIV Epidemic. Thomas Coram Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London. Internet: http://www.undp.org/hiv/publications/gender/adolesce.htm
Sinn JS (1997). The predictive and discriminant validity of masculinity ideology. Journal of Research in Personality, 31: 117-35.
Skelton, Christine (1997). Primary boys and hegemonic masculinities. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 18: 349-69.
Sloan LM, Gustavson NS (1998). Violence and Social Injustice against Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual People. New York: The Haworth Press.
Smith A, Lindsay J, Rosenthal D (1999). Same-sex attraction, drug injection and binge drinking among Australian adolescents. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 23(6): 643-6.
Smith, Dorothy E (1987). The everyday world as problematic: a feminist sociology. Boston: Northeastern University Press. Cited by Smith (1998).
Smith George W (1998). The ideology of 'fag': the school experience of gay students. The Sociological Quarterly, 39(2): 309-35.
Soloff PH, Lis JA, Kelly T, Cornelius J, Ulrich R (1994). Risk factors for suicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151(9): 1316-23.
Spada J (1979). The Spada Report. New York: Signet.
Spence JT, Helmreich RL (1978). Masculinity and Femininity: Their psychological
dimensions, correlates, and antecedents. Austin, TX: Univ. of Texas Press. Cited by Lippa (2000).
Spence JT, Helmreich RL, Stapp J (1974). The Personal Attributes Questionnaire:
A measure of sex role stereotypes and masculinity–femininity. JSAS Catalog of Selected
Documents in Psychology, 4, 43–44. Cited by Lippa (2000).
Spurlock, John C (2002). From reassurance to irrelevance: adolescent psychology and homosexuality in America. History of Psychology, 5(1): 38-51.
SSCW: Safe Schools Coalition of Washington (1999). The Safe Schools Coalition of WA Trainers' Manual. Internet: http://www.safeschools-wa.org/ - Summaries of School Survey Results: http://www.safeschools-wa.org/ss5train5.html
Stall RD, Hays RB, Walso CR, Ekstrand M, McFarland W (2000). The Gay '90s: a review of research in the 1990s on sexual behavior and HIV risk among men who have sex with men. AIDS, 14: Supplement 3: 5101-14.
Staples, David (1994). Blownout: Bobby Steele's Nirvana death wish. Edmonton Journal, September 3: D1-D5.
Stermac L, Sheridan P, Davidson A, Dunn S (1996). Sexual assault of adult males. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 11(1): 52-64.
Stevenson MR, Medler TM (1995). Is Homophobia a weapon of sexism? The Journal of Men's Studies, 4(1): 1-8.
Stiffman A (1989). Suicide attempts in runaway youths. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 19(2): 147-59.
Streeter Caroline A (1996). Ambiguous bodies: locating Black/White women in cultural representations. In: M.P.P. Root (Ed). The multiracial experience: racial borders as the new frontier, 305-330. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Cited by Wardle (2000).
Susser E, Valencia E, Miller M, Tsai W, Meyer-Bahlburg H, Nat R, Conover S (1995). Sexual behavior of homeless mentally ill men at risk for HIV. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152: 583-587.
Swain, Jon (2002). The right stuff: fashioning an identity through clothing in a junior school. Gender and Education, 14(1): 53-69.
Sweeney P, Lindegren ML, Buchler JW, Onorato IM, Janssen RS (1995). Teenage at risk of Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 infection. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescence Medicine, 149: 521-8.
Syer-Solrush D (1987). Suicide in Canada: Report of the National Task Force on Suicide. Ottawa: Health and Welfare Canada.
Teaching Tolerance (1999). Responding to Hate at School: A Guide for Teachers, Counselors, and Administrators. Alabama: Teaching Tolerance. Internet: http://www.tolerance.org/pdf/rthas.pdf
Telljohann S, Price J (1993). A qualitative examination of adolescent homosexuals' life experiences: ramifications for secondary school personnel. Journal of Homosexuality 26: 41-56.
Terry, Jennifer (2000). "Unnatural acts" in nature: the scientific fascination with queer animals. A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 6(2): 151-93.
Tewsbury, Richard (1996). Cruising for sex in public places: the structure and language of men's hidden, erotic worlds. Deviant Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal 17: 1-19.
Theuninck, Anthony (2002). Personal communication via email, January 2002. Permission to cite granted.
Theuninck, Anthony (2000). The traumatic impact of minority stressors on males self-identified as homosexual or bisexual. Master's of Arts (Psychology) Dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Thorp, John (1992). The social construction of homosexuality. Phoenix 46(1), 54-65. Internet: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/med/thorp.html
Thurlow, Crispin (2001). Naming the "outsider within": homophobic pejoratives and verbal abuse of lesbian, gay, and bisexual high-school pupils. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1): 25-38.
Tisdale, Sallie (1998). Second thoughts. Salon Magazine. September 11. Internet: http://www.salon.com/mwt/tisd/1998/09/11tisd.html
Tompkins-Rosenblatt (1997). Intentional HIV contraction: implications for direct child and youth care. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth 14(4), 15-30. Internet abstract: http://bubl.ac.uk/archive/journals/rtfcay/v14n0497.htm#intentional .
Tremblay Gilles (1998). Les méandres de l'identité et de l'orientation sexuelle des hommes. Sexologie Actuelle, janvier. Internet: http://blaf.ntic.qc.ca/fr/articles/asq_identite.html
Tremblay, Pierre (1998-1999). Better to be Dead Than Gay. Internet: -
http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/homosexuality-suicide/08-dead-gay-youth-suicide.htm . A 21-year-old male acted out this ideology via suicide: "A Mother's Letter to Her Gay Son - Bruce." Internet: http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/news/gay-suicide-mother.htm -
Tremblay, Pierre (1995). The homosexuality factor in the youth suicide problem. Paper presented to Sixth Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention, Banff, October, 1995. Internet: http://www.qrd.org/qrd/www/youth/tremblay/ - http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/homosexuality-suicide/Conference/index.htm
Tremblay, Pierre (1993, 1994). The gay, lesbian, and bisexual factor in the youth suicide problem. Calgary, Alberta: Privately Published, 2 edition. 1994 edition: 203 pages. Parts of the book are available online at: http://www.youth-suicide/gay-bisexual . The suicide of Bobby Steele: http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/news/steele.htm
Tremblay P, Ramsay R (2002). Statistical results generated via SPSS-10 by Thomas G. Albright, Systems Analyst/Programmer at the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Research. January 9 and 11, 2002.
Tremblay P, Ramsay R (2000). Orientations homosexuelles ou bisexuelles chez les jeunes présentant des problème suicidaires: recherche, problématique et propositions. Le Vis-À-Vie, 10(2): 5-8. Internet English version of the paper: http://fsw.ucalgary.ca/ramsay/homosexuality-suicide/05-quebec-suicide-paper.htm
Tremble B, Schneider M, Appathurai C (1989). Growing up gay or lesbian in a multicultural context. In: G. Herdt (Ed). Gay and Lesbian Youth. New York: Harrington Park Press, 253-67/ Also published in the Journal of Homosexuality 17(3/4), 1989: 253-67.
Tremble, B. (1993). Prostitution and survival: interviews with gay street youth. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 2(1): 39-45.
Treml JN (2001). Bullying as a social malady in contemporary Japan. International Social Work, 44(1): 107-126.
Tuite D, and Luitan J (1986). 16PF research into addiction meta-analysis and extension. The International Journal of the Addictions 21(3): 287-323.
Turner C, Ku L, Rogers S, Lindberg L, Pleck J, and Sonenstein F (1998). Adolescent sexual behavior, drug use, and violence: increased reporting with computer survey technology. Science Magazine 280(5365-8): 867-73.
Tweekbury R (1996). Cruising for sex in public places: the structure and language of men's hidden, erotic worlds. Deviant Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 17: 1-19.
Unks G, Ed. (1995). The Gay Teen. New York: Routledge.
Uribe, Virginia, and Harbeck, Karen (1992). Addressing the needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth: the origins of PROJECT10 and school-based intervention. In: Karen Harbeck (Ed). Coming out of the Classroom closet: gay and lesbian students, teachers, and curricula, 9-28. New York: Harrington Park. Also published in the Journal of homosexuality 22(3-4): 9-28.
USDHHS (2001). National Strategy for Prevention of Suicide. Rockville, Maryland: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Internet: http://www.mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/suicideprevention/strategy.asp
van Heeringen C, Vincke J (2000). Suicidal acts and ideation in homosexual and bisexual young people: a study of prevalence and risk factors. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 35(11): 494-9.
Vannatta RA (1995). Risk Factors Related to Suicidal Behavior Among Male and Female Adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 25(2): 149-60.
Vincke J, Van Heeringen K (1998). Suicidal ideation and behavior among homosexual adolescents and young adults: a comparative study. Paper presented at the 7th European Symposium on Suicide and Suicidal Behavior. Published as van Heeringen and Vinke (2000).
Vermont Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (1995, 1997, 1999): Relative risk factors for suicide behaviors of male and female adolescents reporting homo-sex activity compared to adolescents only reporting hetero-sex activity in 1995 was obtained from a 1997 paper written by Lynne Levine & Linda Beeler that was presented at Defining the Problem and Meeting The Challenge: Third Bi-Regional Adolescent Suicide Prevention Conference held in Breckenridge, Colorado. Summary of research: http://www.virtualcity.com/youthsuicide/gbsuicide3.htm#25 - Related published paper: DuRant et al. (1998). Internet index for the Vermont 1995, 1997, and 1999 YRBS study results: http://www.state.vt.us/adap/
Veyne, Paul (1985). Homosexuality in Ancient Rome. In: P Aries and A Bejin, Eds. Western Sexuality: Practice and Precept in Past and Present Time, 26-35. Oxford; Blackwell. Translation of: Veyne P (1982). L'Homosexualité à Rome. Communications, 35: 26-33. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Waldo CR, Hesson-McInnis MS, D’Augelli AR (1998). Antecedents and consequences of victimization of lesbian, gay, and bisexual young people: A structural model comparing rural university and urban samples. American Journal of Community Psychology, 26(2): 307-34.
Walters, Jonathan (1997). Invading the Roman Body; manliness and impenetrability in Roman thought. In: JP Hallet and MB Skinner, Eds. Roman Sexualities, 29-43. Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Ward N (1995). "Poofta', 'wanker', 'girl': homophobic harassment and violence in schools. In Girls and Boys: challenging perspectives, building partnerships. Proceedings of the Third Conference of the Ministerial Advisory Committee on Gender Equity (Bribane, Ministerial Advisory Committee on Gender Equity). Cited by Morino (1999).
Weinberg MS, Woth H, Williams CJ (2001). Men sex workers and other men who have sex with men: how do their HIV risks compare in New Zealand? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 30(3): 273-86.
Welzer-Lang, Daniel (1994). L'homophobie: la face cachée du masculin. In: D. Welzer-Land, P Dutey, and Michel Dorais. La peur de l'autre en soi: du sexisme à l'homophobie, 13-88. Montréal: VLB editeur. Internet: http://www.europrofem.org/02.info/22contri/2.07.fr/livr_dwl/peur/dwlpeur1.htm
Werner Dennis (1998). Sobre a evolução e variação cultural na homossexualidade masculina. In: Joana Maria Pedro e MiriamPillar Grossi (orgs). Masculino, Feminino Plural. Florianópolis: ed. Mulheres, 99-129. English translation "On the Evolution and Cross-Cultural Variation in Male Homosexuality" by the author. Internet: http://www.redel.com.br/~dennisww/homosexual.htm
Weston, Kath (1993). Lesbian/gay studies in the house of anthropology. Annual Review of Anthropology 22: 339-67.
William Craig A (1999). Roman Homosexuality: Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity. New York: Oxford University Press. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Wilson, Elizabeth (2001). Neurological preference: Levay's study of sexual orientation. SubStance, 29(1): 23-38.
Winkler, John (1990). Laying down the law; the oversight of men's sexual behavior in Classical Athens. In: The Constraints of Desire: The Anthropology of Sex and Gender in Ancient Greece, 45-70. New York: Routledge. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
Wisconsin Youth Risk Behavior Survey (1997). Results of the question "Have you ever been threatened or hurt because someone thought you were gay, lesbian, or bisexual?" Internet: http://www.dpi.state.wi.us/dpi/dlsea/sspw/sexual.html .
Wiseman TP (1985). Catullus and His World: A Reappraisal. London: Cambridge University Press. (Cited by Parker, 2001)
van Heeringen C, Vinke J (2000). Suicidal acts and ideation in homosexual and bisexual young people: a study of prevalence and risk factors. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 35: 494-99.
Vidal, Gore. (1995). Foreword (vii-xi). In: Jonathan Katz, The Invention of Heterosexuality. New York; Dutton.
Voeller, Peter (1997). Sexual orientation lecture notes. SIGnals Newsletter 4(1) (Lesbigay Special Interest Group of NAFSA: Association of International Educators). Internet: http://www.indiana.edu/~overseas/lesbigay/vol4_1/41orientation.htm - SIGnals Home Page: http://www.indiana.edu/~overseas/lesbigay/sig.htm
Voice of Connecticut Youth Survey (1998). Results are available in part 5 of the SSCW (1999) Safe Schools Coalition of WA -Trainer's Manual. Internet: http://www.safeschools-wa.org/ - Voice of Connecticut Youth Survey Table of Contents: http://info.med.yale.edu/chldstdy/CTvoices/kidslink/kidslink2/kidsvoice/voice/voicelib/9611-08.html
Wardle, Francis (2000). Part 1: Advancing the conversation - multiracial and multiethnic students: how they must belong. Multicultural Perspectives, 2(4): 11-16.
Weinrich J, Snyder P, Pillard R, Grant I, Jacobson D, Robinson S, McCutchan J (1993). A factor analysis of the Klein sexual orientation grid in two disparate samples. Archives of Sexual Behavior 22: 157-168. Internet: http://math.ucsd.edu/~weinrich/Kleinfactors.html
Weldon, Eric (1997). The trouble with sex. XY Magazine 6, February / March: 53.
Welzer-Lang D, Dutey P, Dorais M (1994). La peur de l’autre en soi. Montréal: VLB éditeur.
White K (1999). The trouble with normal: postwar youth and the making of heterosexuality (Book Review). Journal of Social History, 33(1): 185-8.
Wikholm, Andrew (1999). 1896: Ellis publishes Sexual Inversion. Internet: http://www.gayhistory.com/rev2/factfiles/ff1896b.htm
Williams J, Rabkin J, Remien R, Gorman J, Ehrhardt A (1991). Multidisciplinary baseline assessment of homosexual men with and without immunodeficiency virus infection. II Standardized clinical assessment of current and lifetime psychopathology. Archives of General Psychiatry 48: 124-30.
Williams, Walter L (1992). From Samurai to Capitalist: male love, men's roles, and the rise of homophobia in Japan. Journal of Men's Studies, 1(1): 71-74.
Wilson, Elizabeth (2001). Neurological preference: Levay's study of sexual orientation. SubStance, 29(1): 23-38.
Working Groups workshop on suicide and sexual orientation (1995). Recommendations for a research Agenda in Suicide and sexual orientation. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior 25 (Suppl.): 82-88.
Yoshino, Kenji (2000). The epistemic contract of bisexual erasure. Stanford Law Review 53(2): 353-461.
Young, Morley (1993). The dark underside
of Japanese education. Phi-Delta-Kappan, 75(2): 130-32.
|Top of Page||