MSS RealizationTranscriptionJunicodeTransliteration
&am; or &an;

ā

am or an

The scribe's usual minuscule a with a macron above the glyph, indicating a following nasal, n or m.

∧

and

The scribe's usual abbreviation for and, a variant of the 'Tironian nota,' which is 7 shaped and crossed. The headstroke dips before meeting the descender, which is seriffed. The cross-stroke has a positive incline.

&ban; or &bam;

b͡ā

ban or bam

The juncture of minuscule b and a, when a has a macron above the glyph, indicating a following nasal, n or m.

&bour;

b͡oᷣ

bour

The juncture of b and o, with the usual abbreviation for -ur in a curved stroke (resembling a modern tilde) off the top of o, extending slightly past the right curve stroke of o.

&cio;

c͡ō

cio

The scribe's abbreviation for cio. c and o are in juncture, and a macron sits above o.

&con;

con

The scribe's form of the 'Arabic-9' shaped abbreviation for con (Cappelli xxiv). The glyph is rightward leaning, originates as a clockwise loop at regular minim height, and continues attached to a descender that frequently descends past the baseline and often has a flourish off the bottom and to the right.

&cri;

cri

The scribe's abbreviation for cri, comprised of minuscule c with a vertical stroke above.

&dem; or &den;

d͡ē

dem or den

The juncture of d and e with a macron above e indicating a nasal.

&der;

der

The abbreviation for der, comprised of minuscule d and the "reversed question mark" (Cappelli xxxiv) abbreviation for -er.

&dour;

d͡oᷣ

dour

The juncture of d and o, with the usual abbreviation for -ur in a curved stroke (resembling a modern tilde) off the top of o, extending slightly past the right curve stroke of o.

&em; or &en;

ē

em or en

The scribe's usual minuscule e with a macron above the glyph, indicating a following nasal, n or m.

&ez;

ez

The scribe's form of the "abbreviature per troncamento" (Cappelli xii), beginning with a counter-clockwise loop above minim headline, and continuing in a descender that frequently extends below the baseline; this abbreviation occurs only in final position, stands relatively upright, and is transcribed in the critical edition as -ez.

&ger;

ger

The scribe's usual minuscule g, with the "reversed question mark" (Cappelli xxxiv) abbreviation for -er above the main glyph, but commonly attached to the cross-stroke.

&Gra;

Gra

Gra

The scribe's majuscule G, with a superscript single lobed a.

&gra;

gra

gra

The scribe's usual minuscule g, with a superscript single lobed a above the cross- stroke. In the manuscript this abbreviation is used for gra.

&gre;

gre

gre

The scribe's usual minuscule g, with a superscript single lobed a above the cross- stroke. This abbreviation is used for gre.

&hem; or &hen;

h͡ē

hem or hen

The juncture of minuscule h and e, when e has a macron above the glyph, indicating a following nasal, n or m.

&hit;

ht

hit

The abbreviation for hit, comprised of minuscule h with a superscript minuscule t.

&im; or ∈

ī

im or in

The scribe's usual minuscule i, with a macron above the glyph, indicating a following nasal, n or m.

&lez;

l ᷒

lez

The scribe's abbreviation for lez, with a comma-shaped stroke originating near the top of the ascender of l, curling to meet the middle of the ascender.

&mer;

mer

The scribe's usual minuscule m, with the "reversed question mark" (Cappelli xxxiv) abbreviation for -er above the main glyph, and commonly attached to the second minim stroke.

&ner;

ner

The scribe's usual minuscule n, with the "reversed question mark" (Cappelli xxxiv) abbreviation for -er above the main glyph, and commonly attached to the second minim stroke.

&nour;

nᷣ

nour

The scribe's usual minuscule n, with the abbreviation for -our in a curved stroke (resembling a modern tilde) above the glyph.

&om; or &on;

ō

om or on

The scribe's usual minuscule o, with a macron above the glyph, indicating a following nasal, n or m.

&our;

oᷣ

our

The scribe's usual minuscule o, with the abbreviation for -ur in a curved stroke (resembling a modern tilde) above the glyph.

∥

ꝑ̡

par

The abbreviation for par, composed of the usual minuscule p, with an additional stroke that curves upwards from the bottom of the descender to meet the horizontal crossing stroke near the baseline.

&pem; or &pen;

p͡ē

pem or pen

The juncture of p and e, with a nasal (m or n) indicating macron above e.

&per;

per

The scribe's abbreviation for per, composed of the scribe usual p, with an additional horizontal stroke (with pronounced lozenge at either side of the stroke) at the base of the descender (see Cappelli 257).

⪯

pre

The scribe's p, with the "reversed question mark" (Cappelli xxxiv) abbreviation for (in this case) -re, above the main glyph.

&pro;

pro

The scribe's abbreviation for pro, composed of p, with an additional loop continuing off the cross-stroke and meeting the bottom of the vertical stroke (see Cappelli 257).

∝

prop

The scribe's abbreviation for prop, composed of p and the scribe's abbreviation for pro (see directly above) in ligature.

&rn;

rn

The scribe's abbreviation for rn, comprised of minuscule r with and a macron above.

&rum;

rum

The scribe's abbreviation for rum (Cappelli xxvii), common in Latin manuscripts, especially at final position. The glyph is composed of an 'Arabic-2' shaped r, with an additional stroke of minim height crossing the horizontal stroke at a positive incline.

&ster;

ſt͛

ster

Junctured 'long s' and t, with the addition of the "reversed question mark" (Cappelli xxxiv) abbreviation for -er off the cross- stroke of t.

&ter;

ter

The scribe's usual minuscule t, with the "reversed question mark" (Cappelli xxxiv) abbreviation for -er above the main glyph, but commonly attached to the cross-stroke.

&tra;

tra

tra

The scribe's usual minuscule t, with a superscript single lobed a above the cross- stroke; this abbreviation is known as the "linea ondulata," used to indicate re, ra, ar, and a(Cappelli xxvi). In the manuscript this abbreviation is used for ra.

&tri;

tri

The scribe's abbreviation for tri, comprised of minuscule t and a superscript minim stroke that sits on the cross-stroke of t.

&tru;

tru

The scribe's abbreviation for tru, comprised of minuscule t and a superscript minuscule u above the cross-stroke.

&uer;

uer

The scribe's usual minuscule u, with the "reversed question mark" (Cappelli xxxiv) abbreviation for -er above the main glyph, and commonly attached to the first minim stroke.

&um; or &un;

ū

um or un

The scribe's usual minuscule u, with a macron above the glyph, indicating a following nasal, n or m.

&us;

us

The "grossa virgola" abbreviation for -us, common in Latin manscripts (see Cappelli xxiv - xxvi). The glyph is right-ward leaning, originates as a clockwise loop, and continues attached to a descender that frequently descends past the baseline.

&ver;

ver

The scribe's usual minuscule v, with the "reversed question mark" (Cappelli xxxiv) abbreviation for -er above the main glyph.

&ym; or &yn;

ȳ

ym or yn

The scribe's usual minuscule y, with a macron above the glyph, indicating a following nasal, n or m.

&pgraph;

pgraph

A double virgula, composed of two slightly angled marginal slashes. This 'signe d'attente' in the left margin marks stanzas or section of poems in the manuscript.