MSS RealizationTranscriptionJunicodeTransliteration
&ba;

b͡a

ba

The juncture of minuscule b and a. The ascender of b is often of exaggerated height, making it indistinguishable from l, especially when the compartment of b is only partly closed. The bowl of a is closed; its left-side shares the compartment stroke of b.

&be;

b͡e

be

The juncture of minuscule b and e. The ascender of b is often of exaggerated height, making it indistinguishable from l, especially when the compartment of b is only partly closed. The left stroke of e is a shared stroke with the bowl stroke of b.

&b2e;

͡e

be

The juncture of b and e, when b is marked by a narrow stroke angling upwards from the ascender above its compartment.

&bo;

b͡o

bo

The juncture of minuscule b and o. The ascender of b is often of exaggerated height, making it indistinguishable from l, especially when the compartment of b is only partly closed. The left stroke of o is sometimes modified to include a bowl stroke for b.

&da;

d͡a

da

The juncture of minuscule d and a. d is formed much like when not in juncture, though the left bowl stroke is ogeed to form the left side of the compartment of a.

&de;

d͡e

de

The juncture of minuscule d and e. d is formed much like when not in juncture, though the left bowl stroke is ogeed to form the compartment of e. As with minuscule e, the cross-stroke angles upward and frequently extends above the body of the letter.

&do;

d͡o

do

The juncture of minuscule d and o. d is formed much like when not in juncture, though the left bowl stroke is ogeed to form the left side of the bowl of o.

&ha;

h͡a

ha

The juncture of minuscule h and a. h is formed much like when not in juncture, though the left compartment stroke of a originates within the descender of h.

&h2a;

͡a

ha

The juncture of h and a, when h is marked by a narrow stroke angling upwards from the descender.

&he;

h͡e

he

The juncture of minuscule h and e. h is formed much like when not in juncture, though the left stroke of e originates within the shoulder of the descender of h. As with minuscule e, the cross-stroke angles upward and frequently extends past the body of the letter.

&ho;

h͡o

ho

The juncture of minuscule h and o. h is formed much like when not in juncture, though the left compartment stroke of o originates within the descender of h.

&pa;

p͡a

pa

The juncture of p and a; the glyph is composed using a cruciform variety of p, used frequently in the manuscript for junctured glyphs. Cruciform p is formed by a seriffed descender that originates at minim height and a horizontal cross-stroke that crosses the descender at the baseline. The left-stroke of a is sometimes modified from minuscule a to suggest a bowl for p.

&pe;

p͡e

pe

The juncture of p and e; the glyph is composed using the a cruciform variety of p. The left-stroke of e is modified suggest a bowl for p. As with minuscule e, the cross-stroke angles upward and frequently extendspast the body of the letter.

&pp;

p͡p

pp

The juncture of two p's that share a horizontal cross-stroke at the baseline: the first the cruciform variety of p. The second p shares the cross-stroke and has a similar descender to the first. Another stroke forms the compartment, which is usually open.

&ppe;

p͜p͡e

ppe

The juncture of two p's (as above) that are in juncture with e. The left-stroke of e is modified suggest a bowl for p. As with minuscule e, the cross-stroke angles upward and frequently (but not always, as here) extends above the body of the letter.

&po;

p͡o

po

The juncture of p and o; the glyph is composed using the cruciform variety of p. The left-stroke of o is sometimes modified to suggest a bowl for p. The bowl of o is frequently partly open.

≻

ſ͡c

sc

The juncture of 'long s' and c. The curve- stroke that begins the vertical of s extends to form the left stroke of c, which often has a foot at the baseline. The horizontal headstroke of c often extends to the right past the main body of the glyph, helping to distinguish junctured sc from st.

&sp;

ſ͡p

sp

The juncture of 'long s' and p, when p is not in juncture with a following letter. s has a pronounced foot, which meets the vertical shaft of p; similarly, the serif of the vertical shaft of p is often, though not always, pronounced, meeting the vertical of s. The compartment of p (usually open) is formed with another stroke of minim height.

&spa;

ſ͡p͡a

spa

The juncture of 'long s', p, and a. s has a pronounced foot, which meets the vertical shaft of p; similarly, the serif of the vertical shaft of p is often, though not always, pronounced, meeting the vertical of s. Cruciform p is formed by a seriffed descender that originates at minim height and a horizontal cross-stroke that crosses the descender at the baseline. The left-stroke of a is sometimes modified from minuscule a to suggest a bowl for p.

&spe;

ſ͡p͡e

spe

The juncture of 'long s', p, and e. s has a pronounced foot, which meets the vertical shaft of p; similarly, the serif of the vertical shaft of p is often, though not always, pronounced, meeting the vertical of s. Cruciform p is formed by a seriffed descender that originates at minim height and a horizontal cross-stroke that crosses the descender at the baseline. The left-stroke of e is sometimes modified from minuscule e to suggest a bowl for p.

&spo;

ſ͡p͡o

spo

The juncture of 'long s', p, and o. s has a pronounced foot, which meets the vertical shaft of p; similarly, the serif of the vertical shaft of p is often, though not always, pronounced, meeting the vertical of s. Cruciform p is formed by a seriffed descender that originates at minim height and a horizontal cross-stroke that crosses the descender at the baseline. The left-stroke of o is sometimes modified from minuscule a to suggest a bowl for p.

&st;

ſt

st

The juncture of 'long s' and t. The curve- stroke that begins the vertical of s extends to form the vertical stroke of t. The cross- stroke extends to meet the vertical of s.

&va;

v͡a

va

The juncture of v and a. As with usual minuscule v, the first stroke is seriffed and frequently leans to the left. a is modified to incorporate the rightward bow stroke of v to stand for part of the compartment of a.

&ve;

v͡e

ve

The juncture of v and e. As with usual minuscule v, the first stroke is seriffed and frequently leans to the left. e is modified to incorporate the rightward bow stroke of v to stand for (what would be) its initial left stroke. The compartment of e is open, formed by an upward angled cross-stroke and a short stroke of negative incline orginating off the external of the cross- stroke.

&vo;

v͡o

vo

The juncture of v and o. As with usual minuscule v, the first stroke is seriffed and frequently leans to the left. o is modified to incorporate the rightward bow stroke of v to stand for part of the compartment of o.