MSS RealizationXML TranscriptionJunicode TranscriptionTransliteration
&Adam;

ama

Adam

An abbreviation for the name Adam, composed of minuscule a and m, with a superscript single-lobed a directly above the m.

&Adam2;

adma

Adam

Another abbreviation for the name Adam, composed of minuscule a, d, and m, with a superscript single-lobed a directly above the m.

&Gawain;

G=

Gawain

The abbreviation for Gawain, comprised of majuscule G and two short horizontal strokes arranged vertically below the initial stroke of G.

&hc;

hc̅

hc

An abbreviation for Iesu, comprised of a macron over minuscules h and c. The expected i in first position is a decorated i that spans approximately three lines.

&Iesu;

ihu̅

Iesu

An abbreviation for Iesu, comprised of a macron over minuscules i, h and u.

&Iesu1;

ihc̅

Iesu

An abbreviation for Iesu, comprised of a macron over minuscules i, h and c.

&israel;

ir̄l

israel

An abbreviation for Israel, composed of minuscule i, 'long s', 'standing r', and l, with a macron over r.

&israel2;

irl ᷒

israel

An abbreviation for Israel, composed of minuscule i, 'long s', 'standing r', and l, with a comma-shaped stroke originating near the top of the ascender of l, curling to meet the middle of the ascender.

&Jerusalem;

ȷĺrm̅

Jerusalem

An abbreviation for Jerusalem, composed of minuscule 'long-i', l, 'standing-r', and m; m has a macron above, and its exaggerated serif stands for the cross stroke for r, and l has an additional narrow stroke angling upwards.

&Jerusalem2;

Ilrm̅

Jerusalem

An abbreviation for Jerusalem, composed of majuscule Lombard I, minuscule l, 'standing r', and m; m has a macron above.

&Jerusalem3;

ȷrlm

Jerusalem

An abbreviation for Jerusalem, composed of minuscule 'long-i,'standing r', l, and m; m has a macron above.

&Jerusalem4;

ȷhrl ᷒m

Jerusalem

An abbreviation for Jerusalem, composed of minuscule 'long-i', h, 'standing r', l, and m; l has a comma-shaped stroke originating near the top of the ascender of l, curling to meet the middle of the ascender.

&Jerusalem5;

ȷrl ᷒m

Jerusalem

An abbreviation for Jerusalem, composed of minuscule 'long-i', 'standing r', l, and m; l has a comma-shaped stroke originating near the top of the ascender of l, curling to meet the middle of the ascender.

&Jerusalem6;

irl ᷒m

Jerusalem

An abbreviation for Jerusalem, composed of minuscule i, 'standing r', l, and m; l has a comma-shaped stroke originating near the top of the ascender of l, curling to meet the middle of the ascender.

&Jerusalem7;

ȷſrl ᷒m

Jerusalem

An abbreviation for Jerusalem, composed of minuscule 'long-i', 'standing s,' 'standing r', l, and m; l has a comma-shaped stroke originating near the top of the ascender of l, curling to meet the middle of the ascender.

&quod;

coþe

The scribe's abbreviation for coþe (NWM ME variant of London ME quod), familiar as an abbreviation for quod in Latin manuscripts, composed of minuscule q that is crossed at the baseline, from right to left, with a curved stroke.

&sanct;

ſ͡coꝝ

sanctorum

An abbreviation for sanctorum, composed of 'long-s' in ligature with minuscule c, the scribe's usual o, and the scribe's abbreviation for rum ('Arabic-2' shaped r with an additional stroke of minim height crossing the horizontal stroke at a positive incline).

&sancta;

ſ͡cā

sancta

An abbreviation for sancta, composed of minuscule 'long-s' in ligature with c, and the scribe's usual minuscule a with a macron above it (see Cappelli 364).

&sir;

sir

The scribe's abbreviation for sir (common in Latin manuscripts for syr and ser) composed of a 'long s' that is crossed at the baseline, from right to left, with a curved stroke (see Cappelli xiv).

&spiritu;

ſ͡pū

spiritu

A conventional abbreviation for (common in Latin manuscripts),composed of 'long-s' joined to p, and minuscule u with a macron above it (see also Cappelli 360).

&thornat;

þt

þat

The scribe's abbreviation for þat, composed of minuscule thorn and a superscript minuscule t above and to the right of the main letter.

&thorner;

þ͛

þer

The scribe's abbreviation for þer, composed of minuscule thorn, with the "reversed question mark" (Cappelli xxxiv) abbreviation for -er above the main glyph.

&thornou;

þͧ

þou

The scribe's abbreviation for þou, composed of minuscule thorn and superscript minuscule u directly above the main glyph.

&with;

wt

with

The scribe's abbreviation for with or wyth, composed of minuscule w and a superscript minuscule t above and to the right of the main glyph.