The Life of Jesus of Nazereth:

Main Events

Raphael: The Holy Family
Raphael: The Holy Family
Jesus Chosing Peter and Andrew
Jesus Chosing the Disciples Peter and Andrew

Born: Around 6 B.C.E., Bethlehem (Matth.) or Nazereth, to Joseph and Virgin Mary.

Background: Palestine under Roman Occupation. Galilee removed from Jerusalem centre, more nationalistic.

Youth: Carpenter (upper middle-class), distinguished as scholar.

Encounter with John the Baptist.

Early Ministry: Wandering through Galilee--

Preaching: In aphorisms, debates, parables (Why?):

Announcing the coming of the Kingdom of Heaven.

Miracles: Healings, exorcisms, producing bread and oil.

Often in company of criminals and traitors.

Chooses Twelve Disciples (Apostles) to spread teaching.

Later Ministry:

Palestine during New Testament Times
Palestine in New Testament Times

In Jerusalem (Why?), for very short time.
Jerusalem in Jesus' times

Jerusalem in Jesus' times

Accepted by many as the Messiah. Considered blasphemous (?) by Jewish authorities.

Friction with Jewish leadership. Debates with Saducees and Pharisees.

El Greco: Jesus Chasing the Money-Changers from the Temple
El Greco: Jesus Chasing the Money-Changers from the Temple
Raphael: The Last Supper
Raphael: The Last Supper

Chases money-changers from Temple.

Final days: "Last Supper," betrayal.

Accused by Sanhedrin of

a) threatening the destruction of Temple.

b) claiming to be the Messiah.

Tried by Roman procurator Pontius Pilate for treason ("King of the Jews").

Crucifixion: Calvary (Jerusalem), 28-33 C.E.

Resurrection: Empty tomb.

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