Orphaned and raised by an uncle Abu Talib to be a trader.
Early converts include Ali his nephew, Abu-Bakr a wealthy merchant, and Uthman b. Affan who became a caliph. Muhammad soon demands that all people in Mecca join his movement.
Arouses hostility and persecutions from the Meccans, since he challenged their gods, loose morals, and social inequalities, and condemned their pagan ancestors to hell.
His condemnation of the Ka'ba cult threatened the lucrative pilgrimage trade.
Attempts to silence him by theats, bribes and ostracism.
Muhammad forms the Ummah or tribe of people who accept him as prophet. He becomes the official judge-arbiter of all tribes in Yathrib (Medina).
Classes of Muslims who made up the community in al-Medinah: