Basic Beliefs of the Qur'an
See Surah 4:135:
in Judaism and
Christianity: Creator of the world, omnipotent, omniscient, judge, merciful.
with the insignificance of Mankind.
Implies rejection of paganism
Sin of Shirk (=ascribing divinity to creatures).
Jesus was not divine.
Attitude of awe and adoration.
between God's power and Man's responsibility.
See Surah 2:256:
There is no god but he, the Living, the Selfsubsistent!
him not, neither sleep.
him belongs whatever is in the Heavens and whatsoever is in the Earth.
is there that shall intercede with Him except by His will?
He knows what is
present with men and what shall befall them, nothing of His knowledge do they comprehend,
save what He wills.
His throne is as high as the Heavens and the
Earth, and the keeping of them wearies Him not.
And He is High, the Mighty One.
in Judaism and Christianity: Messengers
of God, glorifying God.
is especially important as revealer of the Qur'an,
association with Jesus ("Holy Spirit").
supernatural creatures from Arab tradition.
created out of fire,
can be both good and evil.
Shaitan (or Iblis):
Fallen angel, like Christian Satan.
Muhammad is believed to be the "seal of the prophets" through whom God has sent down the final, perfect revelation.
Though admired for his wisdom and virtue, it is emphasized that Muhammad was only a human, not a supernatural being.
Believed to have been revealed directly, word for word in Arabic, to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel. Its contents originate entirely from God, having no human component.
Proper recitation and memorization of the Qur'an are a religious duties
of prophets of Hebrew
Bible, New Testament and Arab tradition (Jesus was a prophet).
Torah, Psalms, Gospels (Injil).
The Qur'an confirms
the earlier revelations and completes them. The earlier scriptures foretold
Islam but were perverted by the other religious communities.
Punishment for sinners (Hellfire etc.), sensuous
paradise (gardens, beautiful maidens) for righteous.
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