April 2008


Refereed Books and Monographs:

1.         Poewe, Karla

1981 Matrilineal Ideology: Male‑Female Dynamics in Luapula, Zambia. London: Academic Press. Pp. 140.


2.       Cesara, Manda (pseudonym for Karla Poewe)

1982 Reflections of a Woman Anthropologist: No Hiding Place. London & New York: Academic Press. Pp. 234. Click here to read Karla's notes on this book (PDF document)


3.       Poewe, Karla

1985 The Namibian Herero: A History of Their Psychosocial Disintegration and Survival. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press. Pp. 364. Click here to read an overview of this book


4.       Poewe, Karla and Irving Hexham, co-authors.

1986 Understanding Cults and New Religions. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. Pp. 170.


5.       Poewe, Karla

1988 Childhood in Germany during World War II: The Story of a Little Girl. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press. Pp. 222.


6.       Poewe, Karla

1989 Religion, Kinship, and Economy in Luapula, Zambia. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press. Pp. 265.


7.       Poewe, Karla, Ed.

1994 Charismatic Christianity as a Global Culture. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press. Pp. 300.


8.         Hexham, Irving and Karla Poewe, co-authors

1997 New Religions as Global Cultures: Making the Human Sacred. Boulder:

Westview Press. Pp. 194.


9.        Karla Poewe

            2006 New Religions and the Nazis. London/Oxford: Routledge Press. Pp. 218 -


Short Monographs:

1.       Poewe, Karla with Irving Hexham.

1989 Ideas: Africans and Afrikaners. Montreal: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Pp. 18.


Books in Progress:

1.       Total Defeat of World War II and the Integration of German Refugees into the two new Germanys.

This book will focus once again on defeat but this time on the Post-World War II conditions and specifically on the by-product of that brutal war, namely, its refugees and the struggle of their integration into new societies. Without forgetting the atrocities committed by the SS, Einsatzgruppen, Gestapo and Wehrmacht in the first place, this book project will concentrate on the political and economic integration of German refugees in, especially, the Russian, British, and American zones and, later, the two Germanys. Research material deals with the founding and development of the BHE and about the group Kraft-Oberländer in the CDU. Research was done and continues to be done in the Berlin and Koblenz Federal Archives and city archives.
Given the different develop of the two Germanys, the book looks at the GDR Antifascist denunciations and hounding of Konrad Adenauer's Expellee-Politicians. In the process I want to deal with some significant biographies of such politicians like Herbert Hupka (1915-2006) and Herbert Czaja (1914-1997) and, as mentioned above, the Federal Minister for Expellees, Professor Dr. Theodor Oberländer and Waldemar Kraft about whom I already have substantial material.  Here the dynamic between some Expellee-Politicians who attempted as early as 1951 to practice a politics of “renunciation and reconciliation” vis-à-vis anxious East European countries and the persistent Antifascist “denunciations” and suspicions of “revanchism” that were steered by GDR officials are scrutinized. What has been sacrificed in this incessant battle between “renunciation and reconciliation” on the one hand and “denunciation and accusations of revanchism” on the other has been the pursuit of truth in the sense of careful empirical research of the time period between 1944 and the present.


2.       History of Anthropology: from missionaries to post-modernists. (In preparation).

Several chapters and sections are done.


3.       Work on the backburner:

Global Cultures of South Africa: Literary Liberalism, Evangelical Christianity, and Popular Culture. (Most chapters are done but need updating and coordinating that will be done after the other two projects are completed. It should be noted that Berlin missionaries were in South Africa. As well, the Ludendorff movement and German fascism had impacts on South Africa while Afrikaner nationalism had an impact on the German conservative revolution).


Refereed Articles and Chapters in Books:

1.      "Religion, Matriliny and Change: Jehovah's Witnesses and Seventh Day Adventists in Luapula, Zambia," in American Ethnologist (Washington), Vol. 5, No. 2 May 1978, pp. 301-321. - Click here to read this article (PDF document)


2.      "Matriliny in the Throes of Change: Kinship, Descent and Marriage in Luapula, Zambia, Part I," in Africa (London), Vol. 48, No. 3, 1978, pp. 205 218.


3.      "Matriliny in the Throes of Change: Economic Activities and Kinship: Part II," in Africa (London), Vol. 48, No. 4, 1978, pp. 353‑367.


4.      "Matriliny and Capitalism: the Development of Incipient Classes in Luapula, Zambia," in Dialectical Anthropology (Amsterdam), 1978, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 331 347.


5.      "Comments on Lancaster's Paper: Women, Horticulture and Society in Sub‑Saharan Africa," in American Anthropologist (Washington), Vol. 81, No. 1, March 1979, pp. 115 - 117.


6.      "Regional and Village Economic Activities," in the African Studies Review (Los Angeles), Vol. 22, No. 2, May 1979, pp. 77-93. - Click here to read this article (PDF document)


7.      "Marriage, Descent and Kinship: on the Differential Primacy of Institutions in Longana and Luapula," in Africa (London), 1980, Vol. 50, No. 1, pp. 73‑93.


8.      "Matrilineal Ideology: The Economic Role of Women in Luapula, Zambia," in The Versatility of Kinship: Studies in Anthropology, edited by L. Cordell and S. Beckerman, Academic Press (London), 1980, pp 333‑357.


9.      "Universal Male Dominance: An Ethnological Illusion," in Dialectical Anthropology (Amsterdam), 1980, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 111‑125.


10. "Freedom and Women: A Case for Existential Analysis," in Dialectical Anthropology (Amsterdam), 1983, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 285‑298.


11. "Strange Pain: Textual Expressions from Africa and the Caribbean," lead paper in Anthropology and Humanism Quarterly, Special Issue, (Washington), 1985, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 91‑99.


12. "The New Charismatic Churches in Durban, Johannesburg, and Pretoria," in Human Sciences Research Bulletin (Pretoria), 1987, Vol. 17, No. 9, pp. 32‑36.


13. "Links and Parallels between Black and White Charismatic Churches in South Africa and the States," in Pneuma (Gaithersburg), fall, 1988, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 141‑158.


14. "On the Metonymic Structure of Religious Experiences: The Example of Charismatic Christianity," in Cultural Dynamics (Amsterdam), 1989, Vol. II, No.4, pp. 361-380. - Click here to read this article (PDF Document)


15. "Die charismatiese beweging in Suid‑Afrika met  verwysing na sy agtergrond in die kerkgeskiedenis," with C.G. Oosthuizen, Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe (Pretoria), 1990, vol. 30, no.2, pp.129‑144.


16. "The Future of Religious Studies: What the Charismatic Christianity of New Independent Churches Can Teach Us," in Religious Studies: Issues, Prospects and Proposals, "University of Manitoba Studies in Religion," Vol. 2., edited by Larry Hurtardo and Klaus Klostermaier, Scholars Press (Atlanta), 1991, pp. 329-345.


17. "Weber and Charismatic Christianity," in Twentieth-Century World Religious Movements in Neo-Weberian Perspective, edited by William H. Swatos, Edwin Mellen Press (Lewiston), 1992, pp.159-173.


18. "Special Report: The Globalization of Christianity: A Preliminary Study of the German Situation," Bulletin: Society for the Anthropology of Europe, (Washington, D.C.), Vol. 6, No. 1, 1992, pp. 9-10.


19. "Theologies of Black South Africans and the Rhetoric of Peace versus Violence,” Canadian Journal of African Studies, (Ottawa) Vol. 27, No. 1, 1993, pp. 43-65.


20. "From Dissonance and Prophecy to Nihilism and Blame: A Look at the work of Modisane in the Context of Black South African Writing," Literature and Theology: an Interdisciplinary Journal of Theory and Criticism, (Glasgow), Vol., 7, No. 4, December 1993, pp. 381-396.


21. "Charismatic Churches and Apartheid in South Africa," with Karla Poewe, in All Together in One Place, Sheffield Academic Press (Sheffield), edited by Harold Hunter, 1993, pp. 73-83.


22. "Introduction: The Nature and History of Charismatic Christianity," in Charismatic Christianity as a Global Culture, edited by Karla Poewe, University of South Carolina Press (Columbia, South Carolina), 1994, pp. 1-29.


23. "Charismatic Churches in South Africa: A Critique of Criticisms and Problems of Bias," with Irving Hexham, in Charismatic Christianity as a Global Culture, edited by Karla Poewe, University of South Carolina Press (Columbia, South Carolina), 1994, pp. 50-69.


24. "Rethinking the Relationship of Anthropology to Science and Religion," in Charismatic Christianity as a Global Culture, edited by Karla Poewe, University of South Carolina Press (Columbia, South Carolina), 1994, pp. 234-258.


25. "From Volk to Apartheid: The Dialectic Between German and Afrikaner Nationalism," in Missionsgeschichte - Kirchengeschichte - Weltgeschichte [Mission History-Church History-World History], edited by Ulrich van der Heyden/Heike Liebau, Franz Steiner Verlag, (Stuttgart), 1996, pp. 191-213.


26. “Writing Culture and Writing Fieldwork: The Proliferation of Experimental and Experiential Ethnographies,” in Ethnos, Vol. 61, No. 3-4, December 1996, pp. 177-206. - Click here to read this article (PDF Document)


27. “Missionary Encounters: Histories and Memoirs. Book Review Essay,” American Anthropologist 99 (4), December 1997, pp.1-2.


28. "The Spread of Christianity among Whites and Blacks  in Transorangia," with Irving Hexham, in Christianity in South Africa: A Political, Social & Cultural History, edited by Richard Elphick and Rodney Davenport, (Berkeley: University of Calif. Press, Claremont: David Philip Publ., Oxford: James Currey Publ.) 1997, pp. 121-134, footnotes 421-427.


29. "Neo-Pentecostal Churches in South Africa," with Irving Hexham, in Pentecostals in South Africa, edited by Gerald Pillay, (Pretoria), forthcoming.


30. No Hiding Place: Reflections on the Confessions of Manda Cesara.” In Sex, Sexuality, and the Anthropologist. Fran Markowitz and Michael Ashkenazi, eds., Urbana-Champaign and Chicago: Indiana University Press, 1999: 197-206.


31. “‘Verfassungsfeindlich': Church, State and New Religions in Germany.” Irving Hexham and Karla Poewe. Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions 2 (2), April 1999, pp. 208-227.


32. Scientific Neo-Paganism and the Extreme Right then and today: from Ludendorff's Gotterkenntnis to Sigrid Hunke's Europas Eigene Religion.” In Journal of Contemporary Religion 14 (3), October 1999, pp. 387-400.


33. Charismatic conversion in the light of Augustine's Confessions.” In D. Bryant, Ed., Religious Conversion. Cassell, (London), 1999: 191-206.


34. The Berlin Mission Society and its Theology: the Bapedi Mission Church and the independent Bapedi Lutheran Church.” Karla Poewe and Ulrich van der Heyden. South African Historical Journal 40 May, 1999, pp.21-50. - Click here to read this articles (PDF Document)


35. “The Spell of National Socialism: The Berlin Mission's Opposition to, and Compromise with, the Völkisch Movement and National Socialism: Knak, Braun, and Weichert.” In Ulrich van der Heyden und Juergen Becher, Eds. Mission und Gewalt: Der Umgang christlicher Missionen mit Gewalt und die Ausbreitung des Christentums in Afrika und Asien. (Missionsgeschichtliches Archiv, Band 6) Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2000, pp. 268-290. - Click here to read this articles (PDF Document)


36. “Politically Compromised Scholars or What German Scholars Working under Missions, National Socialism, and the Marxist Leninist German Democratic Republic Can Teach Us.” American Anthropologist 2001 103 (3): 834-837.     


37. Irving Hexham and Karla Poewe: “Source Criticism and the Reconstruction of Reality: A Reply to Brigitte Schoen and Hubert Seiwert.” In Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions. Volume 6, number 1, October 2002: 129 – 136. It concerns our work as criticized by Schoen and Seiwert, pp. 102-128.


38. “Evangelical Conversion and the Logic of Belief.” Irving Hexham and Karla Poewe. In Encountering New Religious Movements: A Holistic Evangelical Approach. Eds. Irving Hexham, John W. Morehead II, Stephen Rost. Grand Rapids: Kregel 2003.


39. “The Erosion of the Social Link in the Economically Advanced Countries.” Irving Hexham and Karla Poewe. In The International Scope Review, Volume 5, Issue 9, summer 2003, Hunout § Al.


40. “Jakob Wilhelm Hauer's New Religion and National Socialism.” Karla Poewe and Irving Hexham. Journal of Contemporary Religion, 20 (2) 2005: 195-215. - Click here to read this articles (PDF Document)


41. “Liberalism, German Missionaries, and National Socialism.” Karla Poewe. In Ulrich van der Heyden, ed. Mission und Macht im Wandel politischer Orientierungen: Europäische Missionsgesellschaften in politischen Spannungsfeldern, in Afrika und Asien zwischen 1800 und 1945. Franz Steiner Verlag, Volume 10, March 2005: 633-662.


42.  A Curious Exercise in Archival Research: Missionary Martin Jäckel, the unravelling of his mixed genre novel, and the tragedies it revealed.” In Ulrich van der Heyden and Andreas Feldtkeller, eds. Border Crossings: Explorations of an Interdisciplinary Historian. Franz Steiner Verlag. 2008 (just out, pp to be given).


43. Affinities and Links between German and Afrikaner Nationalism: Politicians, Berlin Missionaries, and Committed Writers.” 2005: pp. 70 typewritten. (To be revised).


Study Guide: Waveland Press

1.         Karla Poewe “Study Guide.” In Robert Jarvenpa, Northern Passage: Ethnography and Apprenticeship Among the Subarctic Dene. Prospect Heights, Ill.: Waveland Press. 1998. Pp. 201-210.


Refereed Journalism

1.         "Charismatics and Change in South Africa," with Irving Hexham, in The Christian Century (Chicago), August 7-24, 1988, pp. 738-740.


2.         "The Soul of the New Age," with Irving Hexham, in Christianity Today (Chicago), September 2, 1988, pp. 17-21.


3.         "The ‘Evidence' for Atlantis," with Irving Hexham, in Christian Research Journal (San Juan Capistrano), Vol.12, No.1, Summer 1988, pp.16‑19.


4.         "Reply to Charismatics in South Africa," with Irving Hexham, in The Christian Century (Chicago), January 4-11, 1989, pp. 19-21.


5.         "Charismatics and Apartheid," with Irving Hexham, in Charisma (Lake Mary, Florida), Vol. 15, No. 10, May 1990, pp. 62-70.


Journalism and Other Writings:

1.         "Sanctions not the answer for South Africa," with Irving Hexham, in The Calgary Herald, (Calgary) 30/3/89. p. A5.


2.         "Bleak Future drives Afrikaners to Suicide," with Irving Hexham, in The Calgary Herald, (Calgary) 31/3/89, p. A5.


3.         "Eastern Germany: Walls have fallen, faithful have left," The Ottawa Citizen, Saturday, December 21, 1991, p. 16.


4.         "The Legacy of Harry Basehart," for The Harry Basehart Scholarship, The University of New Mexico Foundation.


Dictionary and Encyclopaedia

1.         Anthropology of Religion, p.20-21,

Anthroposophy, p. 21.

Conversion, p.234-236,

Guru, p.376,

Magic, (with John C. Archer) p.537-538,

Namibia, p.585-586

         In The New 20th-Century Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. Edited by J.D.             

          Douglas, Baker Book House (Grand Rapids), 1991.


2.       Irving Hexham and Karla Poewe-Hexham: “South Africa” (Pentecostals and

          Charismatics). In The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and

          Charismatic Movements. Stanley Burgess, ed. Grand Rapids, Michigan:

          Zondervan Press, 2002: 227-238.


3.        Anthropology, 35-36.

Bhagavadgita, 89-90

            Buddhism, 106-107

            Goebbels, Magda, 283-284

            Liberalism, 385-386.

            Ludendorff, Mathilde Spiess, 393.

           In World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia. Volume 1 and 2. Edited by Cyprian     

           Blamires, Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 2006.


Recent Book Reviews and Reports and Comments:

Women, Horticulture, and Society in Sub-Saharan Africa. C. S. Lancaster. American Anthropologist 78:539-564. Comments by Karla Poewe, American Anthropologist 81 (1), March 1979: 115-117.


Magomero: portrait of an African village. Landeg White. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1987. Africa 1988, p.491-2.


Review Article, David Chidester, Religions of South Africa, Anthropos (St. Augustine), Vol. 1, No. 3, 1993, pp. 228-30.


Exporting the American Gospel: Christian Fundamentalism. Steve Brouwer, Paul Gifford, and Susan D. Rose. New York: Routledge 1996, 344pp. American Anthropologist 1998, 100 (2): 548.


Language, Charisma and Creativity. T. Csordas. University of California Press. 1997, 342 pp. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 1998, 4 (2):389-390.


The World's Religions: Old Traditions and Modern Transformations. Ninian Smart. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1997, 576 pp. The International Journal of African Historical Studies, 1999, 32 (2-3): 498-500.


Anthropology of Religion: A Handbook. Stephen D. Glazier, ed. Greenwood Press, 1997, 542 pp. Studies in Religion November 17, 1999:377-378.


Charismatic Christianity. Stephen Hunt, Malcolm Hamilton and Tony Walter, Eds. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997, 236 pp. Christian Scholar's Review, fall 1999, XXIX (1): 223-225.


The Bushman Myth: The Making of a Namibian Underclass. Robert J. Gordon and Stuart Sholto Douglas. Conflict and Social Change Series. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1983 (1999). Pp. xviii, 342; 23 Photographs and Figures. The International Journal of African Historical Studies 2001, 33 (2): 502.


Against Race: Imagining Political Culture beyond the Color Line. Paul Gilroy. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000. Pp. 406. Hagar: International Social Science Review 2001, 2 (1): 145-148.


Gendered Missions: Women and Men in Missionary Discourse and Practice. American Anthropologist 2001, volume 103 (3): 252.


Misunderstanding Cults: Searching for Objectivity in a Controversial Field. Zablocki and Robbins, Eds. Pp. 524. American Journal of Sociology 2002/3, 108 (3): 22-24.


Aus Feldpostbriefen junger Christen 1939-1945: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Katholischen-Jugend im Feld. Karl-Theodor Schleicher and Heinrich Walle, eds. 2005, Munich: Franz Steiner Verlag. Pp. 413., July 2006.


Daring, Trusting Spirit: Bonhoeffer's Friend Eberhard Bethge. John W. de Gruchy 2005, London: SCM Press. Pp. 221, Theological Book Reviews 2006.


The War in the Empty Air. Dagmar Barnouw 2006, Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Ethnos 2007, 72 (4): 567-8.


Modernism and Fascism: The Sense of a Beginning under Mussolini and Hitler. Roger Griffin 2007, New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Pp. 469. Ethnos 2008 (expected June issue 2008).


Dietrich Bonhoeffer: Reality and Resistance. Larry L. Rasmussen 2005, Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press. Pp. 222. Theological Book Reviews 2008 (forthcoming).


The Fabricated Luther: Refuting Nazi Connections and other Modern Myths. Uwe Siemon-Netto 2008, Second Edition. Saint Louis: Concordia Publishing House. Pp. 196 Global Journal of Classical Theology (accepted for publication 6 April 2008).