Minor Septs of Clan Chattan: An Account of the Confederation of Clan Chattan; Its Kith and Kin

by Charles Fraser-Mackintosh Glasgow: Celtic Monthly, 1898

[Note: this account by Fraser-Mackintosh of the history and genealogy of the MacGillivrays of Dunmaglass, although it is an historian's account, has almost the status of a primary document and is an important source for subsequent researchers because of Fraser-Mackintosh's first-hand knowledge of the district, his acquaintance with the then Dunmaglass and access to letters and other documents, and his rich understanding of the traditions of the time. The title, "Minor Septs of the Clan Chattan," which is explained by the first sentence of the MacGillivray section, appears to have had the sanction of the clans and septs of the time. (Because the title, oddly enough, does not appear on the title page but only on the cover and as a running head, the book is often catalogued in libraries by its subtitle, "An Account of the Confederation of Clan Chattan; Its Kith and Kin".) The excerpt provided here is the whole section on the MacGillivrays. I have transcribed it letter-by-letter and word by word as faithfully as possible given the typographical limitations of the Web language HTML, and have followed the page and line breaks of the original. Please report any errors in my transcription to me at mmcgilli@ucalgary.ca, and I will fix them up as soon as possible.--Murray McGillivray]


[Page 1]

MINOR SEPTS OF CLAN CHATTAN

The MacGillivrays

Of old the Clann Chattan were reckoned
under two classes, the first sprung of the
Chief's own house, and the second those
who had incorporated or attached them-
selves, though of other names than that
of Mackintosh. Amongst the latter class
the MacGillivrays stood first and old-
est, for according to the Croy MS. history,
compiled by the Rev. Andrew Macphail, who it is understood
died minister of Boleskine, 1608, it is said that about the year
1268 "Gillivray, the progenitor of the Clan vic Gillivray, took
protection and dependence for himself and posterity of this
Farquhard Mackintosh (5th of Mackintosh, who was killed in
1274, aged 36)."


[Page 2]

Sir Eneas Mackintosh in his manuscript, privately printed
in 1892 by the present Chief, and 28th of Mackintosh, gives
the date as 1271.

The origin of the name may be looked for in the last part
of MacGillivray, for invariably in Gaelic, and in my younger
days, elderly people in good position placed the accent on
this last portion, and not as is now invariably done in English,
on the second.

Betwixt the first, and Duncan (whom I place as Ist of Dun-
maglass) who lived about 1500, is a long step, and it is not the
purpose of these papers to do other as a rule, than deal with facts.

It may be taken for granted that the MacGillivrays came
from the west, but have been settled at Dunmaglass, in the braes
of Strathnairn, and along the valley of Nairn, long before we
know their authentic history. In the year 1791, one, Farquhar
M'Gillivour, aged 82, living on the banks of the river Nairn,
was examined in court, and in answer to a query what his
real name was, said he was called Farquhar M'Gillivour in
every part of the country, and that the M'Gillivours were
followers of the MacGillivrays, having come at the same time
from the Western Islands. The descent of the Dunmaglass
family was reckoned very high in the Highlands; and the
late John Lachlan the 10th, who was exceedingly proud, and
in his latter days a very reserved man, used in his cups to
declare "he was descended of Kings."

Dunmaglass, at least one half of it, belonged to the old
Thanes of Kalder, and is first mentioned in the service of
Donald as heir to his father, Andrew, in the lands in the
year 1414. The other half belonged to a family named Menzies


[Page 3: contains illustration of McGillivray warrior from McIan's Clans of the Scottish Highlands only.]


[Page 4]

in Aberdeenshire, who in 1419 agreed to sell them to the above
Donald Kalder, who in 1421 gets a disposition thereof,
described as lying within the barony of Kerdale. Kerdale was
one of the extensive baronies belonging to the old estates and
Earldom of Moray, but the estate having been broken up, the
barony has long been in desuetude. The estate of Dunmaglass,
now in one, was of considerable value, being rated as a four
pound land of old extent, equivalent to two freeholds.

There is evidence of a Farquhar-vic-Conchie styled of Dun-
maglass in the year 1547. I purpose beginning with his father,

I.--Duncan MacGillivray, born probably about 1500--his son,

II.--Farquhar, found in 1547--his son,

II.--Allister Mor, designated as "Allister-vic-Farquhar-vic-
Conchie of Dunmaglass," is found on 28th May, 1578, having
some connection with a William-vic-Farquhar, and Maggie Kar,
spouse of Provost William Cuthbert of Inverness.

By 1609, when the great bond of union among the Clan
Chattan was signed, Allister was dead and his son Farquhar
being a minor, those who signed for the Clan-vic-Gillivray were
Malcolm-vic-Bean in Dalcrombie, Ewen-vic-Ewen in Aberchalder,
adn Duncan-vic-Farquhar in Dunmaglass. It would also seem
that the clan was at this time pretty numerous and influential,
and the leader Malcolm, son of Bean MacGillivray in Dalcrombie.
In 1593 mention is made of Duncan MacGillivray in Dunmaglass.

IV.--Farquhar. By the year 1620, and probably at a much
earlier period, Dunmaglass had been wadsetted by the family of
Calder to the MacGillivrays for 1000 merks. In that year Calder
was much pinched, and upon Dunmaglass was to be raised other
2000 merks, or to be sold for 5000 merks.


[Page 5]

The first alternative was adopted, 2000 merks being eiked in
1622, but pecuniary pressure still continuing, the estate was
feued to Dunmaglass.

It may here be noted, though lying in the centre almost
of Inverness-shire, these lands were by an arbitrary exercise of
power by the Scottish Parliament, annexed, at Calder's instance,
to the County of Nairn.

By feu contract dated at Inverness, 4th April, 1626, John
Campbell, Fiar of Calder, with consent of John Campbell,
life renter of Calder, his father, feued to Farquhar MackAllister
of Downmaglasch, his heirs male and assignees whomsoever--
"All and singular the lands and towns of Downmaglasch, ex-
tending to a four pound land of old extent, with the mill,
multures, mill lands, and sequels of the same, together with
houses, biggings, tofts, crofts, woods, fishings, sheallings, graz-
ings, parts, pendicles and pertinents thereof, lying within the
Barony of Calder and Sheriffdom of Nairn." The feu duty
is £16 Scots, with obligation when required to appear and
accompany at his own expense the Lairds of Calder in their
progress and journey between Calder and Innerlochie, or Ran-
och; to assemble in all lawful conventions, armings, and Royal
combats; to attend three head baron courts to be held in
the Castle of Calder. This destination to heirs male was kept
up, and under it Neil, the 12th laird, succeeded to Dunmaglass.

Dunmaglass, the earliest possession of the family, is a fine
estate of some 17,000 acres, with a great mass of table-land
on the summit, from whence the waters run eastward to the
Findhorn, and westward to the Farigaig. The old mansion house,
in which I slept a night after a weary tramp from Dunachton


[Page 6]

in Badenoch over the Monaliath mountains and across the Cro
Clach and the Findhorn rivers, was built towards the close of
the seventeenth century, picturesquely situated on a piece of
level ground, the western sides dropping rapidly to the river.
Since the sale of the property, the old house has been wan-
tonly destroyed.

Farquhar-vic-Allister also acquired the half of the lands of
Culclachie from the Earl of Moray, and was infeft 20th
December, 1631. He had one sister, Catherine, married to
William Mackintosh in Elrig, who is infeft therein 28th Sept-
ember, 1638. I have not observed to whom Farquhar was
himself married, but he had a numerous issue, Alexander,
Donald, William, Bean, Lachlan, and at least one daughter,
Catherine, first married as his second wife to William Mac-
kintosh of Aberarder, in 1653, and afterwards, in 1663, to Martin
MacGillivray of Aberchalder. Farquhar's eldest son, Alexander,
married Agnes Mackintosh, second daughter of William Mac-
kintosh of Kellachie. Farquhar settled on the young couple
by charter, dated Inverness, 27th June, 1643, the two wester
ploughs of Dunmaglass.

The Forbeses of Culloden did not find Allister a good
neighbour at Culclachie, for by bond registered 24th June,
1654, Kellachie binds himself as cautioner in a law burrows
that Allister will keep the peace towards Duncan Forbes of
Culloden, John, fiar thereof, and their tenants.

Allister died young, and his widow married in 1657 William
Forbes of Skellater.

Farquhar's second son, Donald, commonly called "the
Tutor of Dunmaglass," married Marie Mackintosh, and was


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founder of the Dalcrombie and Letterchullin family, and his
descendant in the fifth degree, Neil, ultimately suceeded to
Dunmaglass. The MacGillivrays of Dalcrombie long held a
good position in Inverness-shire, the last owner, Farquhar,
having been at Culloden, but fortunately escaped. All the
MacGillivrays were staunch Episcopalians, and Bishop Forbes
frequently mentions his warm reception and hospitable treatment
when on his periodical visits. Farquhar's relict, Mary, married
in 1677 Alexander Mackintosh of Easter Urquhill.

William, the third son of Farquhar, married Mary Macbean
and settled in Lairgs, and was great grandfather of the Rev.
Lachlan MacGillivray, who was the unsuccessful competitor for
the Dunmaglass estates, destined to heirs male, 40 years ago.
In 1644 there were three MacGillivrays heritors in Daviot and
Dunlichity, viz:--Allister-vic-Farquhar, Malcolm-vic-Bean, and
Duncan MacGillivray, and in the time of this Farquhar the
MacGillivrays were perhaps at the height of their power, he
himself having a deal of property, his sons, Donald and William,
establishing a good footing for themselves, and his kinsman
at Easter Aberchalder representing an old branch of the house.
Not much is known of his sons, Bean and Lachlan, further than
that Bean left a son, John, and a reputation not yet forgotten,
of being a good fighting man, badly wounded and mutilated
in one of the numerous Clan Chattan expeditions to Lochaber.
Farquhar generally signed not MacGillivray but "Makallister,"
of which he seemed proud.

Farquhar appears also to have got in the year 1654 assign-
ation of a heritable tack of the two plough lands of Wester
Lairgs and Easter Gask, in Strathnairn, by James, Earl of


[Page 8]

Moray, to Hector Mackintosh in 1632, with the usual obliga-
tion from the Earl to grant a feu charter when he could; but
in consequence of the quarrels and ill feeling betwixt the Morays,
and the Cawdors the over superiors holding of the Crown, it
was not until after the battle of Culloden and the passing of
the Jurisdictions Acts, that the Moray Strathnairn heritable
tacksmen got their holdings converted into feu, without Lord
Moray incurring the danger of Recognition.

Farquhar and his two sons, Dalcrombie and Lairgs, sign
the Clan Chattan Bond of 1664, which as an important his-
torical document, is now given. It is signed by twenty-eight
gentlemen, heads of families, including nine Macphersons, five
Mackintoshes, four Farquharsons, three MacGillivrays, two
MacBeans, two Shaws, one Macqueen, and two others by initials.

"Wee under subscryt, Gentlemen of the name of Clan Chattan, in obed-
iene to His Majesty's authority, and Letters of concurrence granted by the
Lords of His Majesty's Privie Council in favour of Lachlan Mackintoshie of
Torcastle, our Chieffe, against Evan Cameron of Lochyield, and certain others
of the name of Clan Cameron, and for the love and favour we beare to the
said Lauchlan, do hereby faithfully promitt and engage ourselves everie one of
us for himself, and those under his power, in case the prementional Evan
Cameron and those of his kin, now rebells, do not agree with the said Lauch-
lan anent their present differs and controversies before the third day of Feb-
ruary next ensuing, that then and in that case, we shall immediately thereafter
upon the said Lauchlan his call, rise with, fortify, concurr and assist the said
Lauchlan in the prosecution of the commission granted against the said Evan,
to the uttermost of our power, with all those of our respective friends, foll-
owers, and defenders, whom we may stopp or lett, or who will anyway be
counselled and advised by us to that effect. Now thereto we faithfully engage
ourselves upon our reputation and credite and the faith and truth in our bodies,


[Page 9]

by these subscribed at Kincairne in the nineteent day of November and year of
God, Sixteen Hundred, Sextie and Four Years."

Farquhar died about 1678. His eldest son, Allister, died
young, and by law the active management of affairs fell to the
uncle, Donald (though the grandfather was alive), so well known
as the Tutor, a man of considerable talent and business capac-
ity. The date of Alexander's death is uncertain, but before
1658, and besides his son and successor, he had, at least, one
daughter, Margaret, who married in 1670, William Fraser,
apparent of Meikle Garth.

VI.--Farquhar, only son of Allister, is first noticed in
March, 1658, when he gets a precept in the half of Culclachie
from Alexander, Earl of Moray, as heir to his father, Alex-
ander, sometime fiar of Dunmaglass. On his marriage in 1681
with Emilia Stewart of Newtoune, he settles a jointure on her,
furth of Wester Lairgs, Easter Gask, and Easter Culclachie.
By this lady, who seems to have been shrewd and sensible
(her letters to Inverness merchants, sometimes from Dunmaglass,
sometimes from Gask, always stipulate "a good penny worth"),
Dunmaglass had a numerous family. Farquhar, who succeeded,
Captain William, Donald, Janet, Magdalene, and Anna, all
married. This Dunmaglass sold the half of Culclachie, and
died early in 1714, his widow surviving until about 1730.

In 1685 Farquhar is named a Commissioner of Supply by
Act of Parliament, and the district continued so disturbed after
the Revolution, that in 1691 Sir Hugh Campbell of Cawdor
recommended a hundred soldiers to be stationed for a time
at Dunmaglass as "ane convenient centre." It was in the time
of this Farquhar, styled "Fiadhaich," as he was of haughty and


[Page 10]

turbulent disposition, that the question of marches at Lairgs
with the Mackintosh arose, when a witness who swore falsely
for Dunmaglass, convicted of perjury on the spot, was
buried alive, the place of burial being still pointed out.

Captain William, the second son, married Janet Mackintosh,
daughter of Angus Mackintosh of Kellachie, contract dated 9th
February, 1714, and had a son, Lachlan of Georgia, commonly
called Lachlan "liath," afterwards noticed, also a daughter,
Jean "Roy," whose descendants succeeded to Faillie, Inverernie, and Wester Gask. David, or Donald, married Miss MacGill-
ivray, of Mid Leys, and was father of Alexander MacGillivray
of Ballintruan, whose male issue are extinct. Of Farquhar's
three daughters, Janet became Mrs. Donald MacGillivray of
Dalcrombie, whose husband was killed near Leys on the after-
noon of the 16th April, 1746. Magdalen, afterwards Mrs.
Mackintosh of Holm; and Anne, Mrs Fraser of Farraline.
Of this Captain William Ban, who died in 1734, the following
anecdote is recorded by the late Mr. Simon F. Mackintosh of
Farr, under the date 1835, in his valuable collections.

A FAIRY TALE--THE CAPTAIN BAN.

"About the beginning of the 18th century the wife of one
of the tenants in Druim-a-ghadha, upon the estate of Dunma-
glass, had been carried away by the fairies, and was said to
to [sic] have been taken by them into a small hillock in that neigh-
bourhood, called "Tomnashangan," or the Ants' Hill, and had
been absent from her family for nearly a year. No person,
however, could tell exactly where she was, although their sus-
picions fell upon the fairies, and that she must be with them


[Page 11]

in the hill now mentioned. Several attempts were made to
discover her, and none were bold enough to encounter the
residence of the fairies. At last Captain William MacGillivray,
alias the Captain Ban, (i.e. "White"), son of Farquhar Mac-
Gillivray of Dunmaglass, who was resident at the spot, at
length volunteered his services to endeavour to get the woman
released from her long captivity in the "Fairy Hill," if it was
possible that she could be there. The captain being informed
that John Dubh (M'Chuile) M'Queen of Pollochaik was fam-
iliar and on good terms with the fairies, and that he had
wax candles in which there was a particular virtue, he despatch-
ed a messenger, who got particular instructions never to look
behind him until he reached home, otherwise something might
happen to him, and he would lose the candle. This person
heard so much noise like that of horses and carriages, accom-
panied with music and loud cries of 'catch him, catch him'
at Craiganuain, near Moy Hall, that he was so frightened that
he could not help looking behind him, and although he saw
nothing, he lost his candle; then he made the best of his
way home. A second courier was despatched, who received
another candle and the same injunctions. In coming through
the same place as the former, he withstood all the noise he
heard there, but at a place near Farr, it was ten times worse,
and not being able to withstand taking a peep over his
shoulder, he lost the object of his message. In this pre-
dicament, it became necessary to send a third bearer to Poll-
ochaik for another candle, which he also got, but on coming
to the river Findhorn, it was so large that he could not
cross, so that he was obliged to go back to the laird of


[Page 12]

Pollochaik for his advice, who, coming down to the
bank of the river, desired the man to throw a stone upon
the opposite side of the river, and no sooner was this done
than, much to his astonishment, he found himself also there.
He then proceeded upon his journey, and having taken a
different route across the hills, even here he occasionally
heard considerable noise, but he had courage never to look
behind him, and accordingly he put the virtued candle into
the hands of the Captain Ban.

The Captain being now possessed of Pollochaik's wax
candle, he one evening approached the hillock, and having
discovered where the entry was, he entered the passage to the
fairy habitation, and passing a press in the entrance, it is
said that the candle immediately lighted of its own accord,
and he discovered that the good lady, the object of his mission,
was busily engaged in a reel, and upon obtaining the open
air, he told her how unhappy her husband and friends were
at the length of time she had been absent from them, but
the woman had been so enchanted and enraptured with the
society she had been in that she seemed to think she had
been only absent one night, instead of a year, from her own
house. When the Captain brought her off with him the fairies
were so enraged that they said 'they would keep him in view.'
The woman was brought to her disconsolate husband, and the
candle was faithfully preserved in the family for successive
generations in order to keep off all fairies, witches, brownies,
and water kelpies in all time to come.

Some time afterwards as the Captain was riding home at
night by the west end of Loch Duntelchaig he was attacked


[Page 13]

and severely beaten by some people he could not recognise.
He got home to his own house, but never recovered, and it
is said that the mare he rode was worse to him than even
those that attacked him, so he ordered her to be shot the
next day. He was grand-uncle to the present John Lachlan
MacGillivray of Dunmaglass.

The third and successful bearer of the candle was Archi-
bald MacGillivray in [gap in printed text] alias "Gillespuig Luath," i.e.
swift or fast Archibald. He was grand-uncle to Archibald
MacGillivray, now tenant in Dunmaglass. Pollochaik said to
him that he would have preferred the Captain to have sent
for his fold of cattle, than for the candle.

The candle was in possession of some of her descendants
about thirty years ago, but was afterwards taken away by
some idle boys. The woman lived to such an old age that
some of the people still in life remember quite well having
seen her shearing the corn upon her knees, in consequence of
her having lost the use of the lower limbs."

VII.--Farquhar, eldest son of the above Farquhar, succeed-
ed in 1714, and entered into marriage articles with Elizabeth
Mackintosh, daughter of William Mackintosh of Aberarder,
upon 8th September, 1716, but the contract is not dated till
8th May, 1717, nor the lady infeft in Dunmaglass, Lairgs,
and Gask, until 29th July, 1730, after her mother-in-law's
death.

The MacGillivrays took an active part in the rising of
1715. The laird and his brother, William, were Captain
and Lieutenant respectively in the Clan Chattan regiment,
while there was another Farquhar MacGillivray, also Lieuten-


[Page 14]

ant. The two former at least, got off, but one John Mac-
Gillivray, apparently of good standing, was tried and convicted
on 25th January, and executed at Wigan, 10th February,
1716. This Farquhar was a leading man under Lachlan and
William Mackintosh, Chiefs of Clan Chattan, and did much

[Illustration: "The Stone of the Swords--on which the MacGillivrays and others of Clan Chattan sharpened their swords on the way to Culloden."]

to bring about the agreement with the Macphersons in the
year 1724. He received from Lachlan Mackintosh a feu of
the Davoch of Bochruben in Dores, which he parted with to
Fraser of Bochruben, the dominium utile ultimately falling
into the hands of William Fraser of Balnain, whose posterity


[Page 15]

still retain it. He was an excellent man of business, but
interfering too much with other people's affairs, his own be-
came involved. He died in 1740, but his wife, Elizabeth
Mackintosh, is found as late as 1769. He had several chil-
dren--Alexander, who succeeded; William, who succeeded his
brother; John, Farquhar, and Donald, also Anne, Catherine,
and Elizabeth. With the exception of William, none left issue.

VIII.--Alexander, the eldest son, succeeded and was ex-
tensively engaged, like his uncle, Captain William and other
members of his family, in cattle dealing, being known as
"Alister-Ruadh-na-Feille." That he was well worthy of the
honour of being selected to lead the Clan in 1745-6 is un-
doubted, and as he lived at Easter Gask the tradition that
many of the men who fought at Culloden, sharpened their
swords on the singular Druidical standing stone or slab, near
Easter Gask, deserves some weight. His gallant conduct on
that fatal day, and his death on the field at the Well still
bearing his name, is well known. It was part of the cruel
system of the the conquerors not to allow the bodies of the
Highlanders to be carried away for interment by their friends,
and consequently they were buried in trenches, whereof the
green covering is still to be seen. The ordinary place of
sepulture of the Dunmaglass family was and is at Dunlichity,
but Dunmaglass' friends feared the publicity of re-interring
the remains so far distant, and buried them quietly at Petty.
It is recorded in the Farr collection:--

"In the churchyard of Petty lies the Chief of the MacGillivrays, who was
killed at the Battle of Culloden. After the battle, his body with fifty others
ws thrown into a large pit, and so far did the King's troops carry their


[Page 16]

animosity, that for six weeks they guarded the field and would not grant the
poor consolation to the friends of the men who had fought so well, of placing
their mangled carcases in their family burial places. However, at the end of
that time, the relations of Dunmaglass dug up the pit where his body had been
laid, and when taken up was perfectly fresh, and the wound which was through his
heart bled anew. The place they had been thrown being a moss, is supposed
to be the cause of the corpse remaining uncorrupted. The interment was private."

[Illustration: "MacGillivray's Well, and Monument on Culloden Field."]

Alexander MacGillivray died unmarried, but Mr. Bain of
Nairn in his interesting history of Nairnshire, lately published,
says he was engaged to Elizabeth Campbell, only child of
Duncan Campbell, eldest son of Sir Archibald Campbell of


[Page 17]

Clunes, and that they met on the morning of the battle.
That they did is hardly likely, though it is said that ladies
appeared on the muir on horseback early in the day, but
the engagement may be true.

I visited the ruined Chapel of Barevan some years ago,
and found Miss Campbell's grave, and by the kindness of a
good clansman, Mr. William Mackintosh, farmer at Barevan, received a copy of the inscription, which runs thus:--

"Under this stone are interred the remains of Duncan Campbell of
Clunese, and Elizabeth, his only child by Catherine, daughter of John Trotter
of Morton Hall, Esq. He died, 23 January, 1766, aged seventy-five, and
she, 22nd August, 1746, aged twenty-four. D.C.E.C."

Supposing the story true, she only survived the death of her
betrothed, about four months. Her father, Duncan Campbell,
was accessory to the rising of 1715, and had to live abroad
for several years, where he married, his wife dying young at
Rome. I possess some of Elizabeth's letters, written in a
beautiful clear hand, of elegant diction, showing unusual
cleverness and dignity in one so young. I give one of them
dated 22nd September, 1743, which will be found very inter-
esting, addressed to one of her aunts, who has pinned to the
letter this memorandum--"Betty Campbell dyed the 19th
August, 1746. Lady Mackintosh (Anna Duff) dyed in the year
1750." Probably the date in the inscription, 22nd August, 1746,
refers to her interment. Lord Lovat refers to Elizabeth in a letter
to her father--"It is only to serve you and Miss Campbell,
your daughter, whose education should now be taken care of,
and if she be like her mother, or your mother, she will be an

[Page 18]

honour to the family of Calder, and to the name of Campbell."

"Dear Aunt,
As I have been in a sort of a hurry ever since I parted with
you, and there was no occasion offered for my writing you, nor had I any
thing to say that was of such consequence as was worth while sending a
purpose, I hope you'l therefor excuse my neglecting it till now. I am just
now busy paying my visits in this country, for as I have fixed the month
of October for my going South, I have but little time to lose. My father
and I was lately at Kiraick, where we found Lady Geddes bedfast, and was
so most part of the time we stayed. I made your compliments and apology
to her; we hear that she is now much better. I should be glad your vis-
iting Castle Downie and Moyhall happened at a time with mine, as I
intend being at both places soon, for I must make the best use of my time
I can. But if it was never so short I shall endeavour to see you and ask
your commands, as it ws not only my promise, but is my inclination.
When you see Fairfield next, if he talks to you of the subject you spoke to
me about when last at Budgate, which I then told you my plain and posi-
tive sentiments of (as I did himself before) that you might put a stop as
soon as possible, to a thing it was to no purpose to follow, and which I
thought was enough to hinder his pursuing or entertaining any thoughts of
that kind, nor can I say anything plainer or stronger; without being rude or
uncivil; which is what I should be sorry be forced to, as 'tis what I do
not incline being to any gentleman; and if he do, let him blame himself
for I have done all I can to prevent it; and you may assure him from me
that he needs never expect a better answer from me than what he has al-
ready got, nor will I ever talk of any particular objections, for that would
be entering on a subject that I would scarce know where to begin or end;
so that the sooner he gives over any thoughts of that kind, he will certainly
find it the better for himself--make my compliments to Duncan and believe
me to be,
Dr. Aunt
Your affc. niece, and humble servt.,
Clunes, Sept. 22nd, 1743" (Signed) Eliz. Campbell


[Page 19]

"This I hope you'l have occasion to call being over cautious (after
what I before told you) in stopping what is already ended, but there can
be no harm in what I write to you, so you may make what use of it you
please."

The MacGillivrays fell in scores at Culloden, including
of officers, at least one Colonel, one Major, two Captains,
and one Lieutenant.

The mismanagement on the Prince's side was dreadful.
Although the Camerons were put on the right, the Mac-
donalds instead of sulking and allowing themselves to be shot
down, ought to have behaved like Malcolm, 10th Mackintosh,
at Harlaw. He was much displeased at being displaced from
the wonted position of the Clan Chattan on the right, but
accepting the position of left, declared he would make the
left the real right in course of action, and did so, fighting
with his followers like heroes.

"Wherever Mackintosh sits, that is the head of the table."

Then again the poor Mackintoshes were in the centre at
Culloden, and kept back, notwithstanding a galling fire, until
in desperation they broke forward in fierce charge, too late
to be of material service; the enemy well knowing that with
Highlanders victory only followed an early and impetuous
attack.

IX.--William MacGillivray, a minor, succeeded his brother,
Alexander, and to a very embarassed estate. William Mac-
kintosh, younger of Holm, took charge, and even a new suit
of clothes for the boy required grave consideration. He
afterwards, through the interest of Lady Mackintosh, got a


[Page 20]

Captaincy in the Gordon regiment commanded by Colonel
Staats Long-Morris, and though a vassal, was most meanly
prevented by the Earl of Moray in 1757 from raising, if
he could, recruits out of the Lordships of Petty and Strath-
dearn. He saw a good deal of service at home and abroad,
and was a most kind-hearted man in his family. He got
Gask and Lairgs converted into feu holdings, acquired Faillie
from Captain MacBean, and the half of Inverairnie, originally
part of the Kilravock estate, but occupied for generations by
the Macphails. His three brothers, John, Farquhar, and
Donald had to make their way in the world, and the two
younger died without issue. John, who died at sea in the
end of 1778, amassed a considerable fortune, which ultimately
fell to John the 10th, and set up the family in a strong
position. None of the three sisters, Anne, Elizabeth, or
Catherine married--the eldest, Anne, managing the involved
affairs of her brother and nephew up to her death in June,
1790, with great shrewdness and determination.

From Captain MacGillivray's numerous letters I select
two as specimens, both being addressed to Provost John Mac-
kintosh of Inverness.

London, Feby. 1779

D. Sir,

I wish you joy, nay double joy, both on account of your marriage
with my cousin, Miss Mackintosh, Aberarder, and the addition she has made
to your family. She was but a child when I left the country, but promised
a great deal of sweetness of temper, a very necessary ingredient in the mat-
rimonial state; and I know your own disposition so well, that I cannot
hesitate to pronounce you a happy couple. I flattered myself that I would
have the pleasure of seeing your happiness, but my fortune seems now to


[Page 21}

place that at a distance, as I expect to return soon to Georgia, to recover
as much of my property as possible. I hope it is by this time in the
hands of the King's troops, without which I have no business there, as I
am under sentence of death should they catch me. Please to remember me
most affectionately to Mrs. Mackintosh, your sisters and brother-in-law, and
believe me to be sincerely,
D. Sir,
Your friend and humble servt.,
(Signed) Will McGillivray."

D. Sir,

Tho' I hear but seldom from your quarter, yet you and all my
friends are as near my heart as ever, and every favourable account warms
my heart with joy. But the present occasion of my writing you is of a
different nature, and tho' expected, distressing, and must be felt like every-
thing of the kind for a length of time. I mean my good sister Katy's death.
She deserved well of me, and everybody. Her change must be happy. Her
illness and death and the illness of my other sister, Betty, must be attended
with expense. I wrote my sister Anny (who must have suffered much on
the occasion) some considerable time ago, to draw on me for what they
might stand in need of; but as I have had no intimation on that head, I
shall be much obliged to you, if you will let my sister Anny have what
money she may want, and by the first opportunity acquaint her accordingly.
Upon letting me know the amount, I will order your bill to be answered at
London.

Mrs McGillivray joins in wishing you, and yours, and our friends and
acquaintance about the Ness, many merry and happy returns of the season.
I am, D. Sir,
Yours sincerely,
(Signed) Will McGillivray.

Captain William died in 1783, leaving two children, John
Lachlan, and Barbara Anne, both very young.

X.--John Lachlan MacGillivray. His affairs, as well as


[Page 22]

those of his uncle, John MacGillivray of Georgia, were carefully
administered in his minority chiefly by "Lachlan lia," son of
Captain Bàn, who had returned and spent his old age chiefly
twixt Dunmaglass and Inverness. The great black wood of
Faillie was planted, and two further acquisitions of land were
made, viz:--Wester Gask from the Macphersons, and Easter
Aberchalder, an old possession of the MacGillivrays.

In June, 1800, John's only sister, Barbara, a lady of great
beauty, died in Edinburgh, her fortune falling to her brother,
who at his majority was possessed not only of a good deal
of money, but also of the seven estates of Dunmaglass, Easter
Aberchalder, Wester Gask, Easter Gask, Faillie, Wester Lairgs,
and half of Inverairnie.

A sum of £39 19s. was laid out in repairing the tomb
at Dunlichity after Miss Barbara MacGillivray's death in 1800.

John Lachlan possessed the estate for nearly seventy years
(1783-1852), and his rental at his accession was about £225,
rising by the year 1803 to £561 14s. 7d., as follows, from
seventy-one tenants:--

Easter Aberchalder--(1803).

Robert M'Gillivray, Kenmore,£4 16 0
Alexander M'Tavish,  4 16 0
David Smith,  4 16 0
Ewen M'Gillivray,  9 12 0
William M'Gillivray, Balnoidan,  3 10 0
Mary M'Gillivray, widow of Donald M'Pherson, or his son,  3 10 0
Finlay M'Lean, Balnoidan  2 10 0
John MacTavish and William Douglass, Keppoch,  7  0 0
Duncan M'Tavish, Balnalish  3 10 0

[Page 23]

Widow Rose, Balnalish,  9 0 0
Jno. Mackintosh, Balnacharnish,  4 0 0
Malcolm M'Gillivray, there,  4 0 0
Donald M'Gillivray, there,  4 0 0
The Heirs of Miss Annie M'Gillivray for the grass and
wintering of the Mains from Whit. 1802 to ditto 1803,
 20 0 0
 _______
Sum Rent Easter Aberchalder,£85 0 0
 _______

Dunmaglass.

Robt. Campbell, The Mains,£ 70  0 0
Jno. M'Gillivray and Jno. Smith, Drummacline,  21  6 0
Jno. Moir M'Gillivray, Balnaguich,  17  7 4 1/2
The Heirs of Donald M'Gillivray, Dalscoilt and Dalnagoup,  21  2 9
Jno. M'Bean and John Mackintosh, Milltown,  10 19 6
Wm. Smith, Donald M'Gillivray, Wm. Bean, Croachy,  13  6 0
Wm. Graham, Croft of Croachy,  19  1 0
Donald M'Gillivray, Lag,   7 13 0
Dun. M'Gillivray, Drumchline,   2  4 0
Jno., Duncan, and Wm. M'Gillivray, Achloddan,  13 10 7
 _______
Sum Rent of Dunmaglass£196 10 2 1/2

Half of Inverairnie.

Angus M'Phail£5 7 0
Jno Bain, Dumbreck, 4 0 6
W. Mackintosh of Holm, for part of Mains, 8 8 0
Angus M'Culloch, 6 0 0
Mr. M'Intosh of Farr, for grazing of Shalvanach, 5 0 0
 _______
Sum Rent of half Inverairnie,£28 15 6
 _______

Wester Gask

Donald Clunes,£4 2 0
Farquhar Smith, 4 7 0

[Page 24]

John M'Gillivray,4 7 0
Alexander M'Kenzie,1 15 0
John M'Phail,5 0 0
Duncan Shaw,5 0 0
Wm. Davidson,6 0 0
Donald Mackenzie,6 0 0
John Macgregor and John Smith,6 0 0
 _______
Sum Rent of Wester Gask,£42 11 0
 _______

Easter Gask.

The Heir of Donald Hood for Mains,£31 10 0
Widow Duncan Mackintosh,4 1 6
Alex. M'Gillivray, Shanval,4 6 6
Alex. Smith, Smith,4 0 0
Alex. M'Gillivray, Canlan,1 17 0
Donald M'Kintosh Miller, for part of Faillie,7 10 0
Angus M'Bean, Dalvellan,7 0 0
John Shaw,5 7 6
 _______
Sum Rent of Easter Gask,£65 12 6
 _______

Faillie.

Alex. Fraser, Balnaluick,£8 8 2 1/2
Colin M'Arthur, Dyster,4 5 0
Alex. Munro, Mains,28 11 2
Alex. Fraser, Middtoun,4 7 6
William M'Beath,7 12 6
Alex. M'Gillivray, Achlaschylie,9 15 0
Alex. M'Gregor,5 10 0
William Shaw,2 18 6
Exam M'Donald, Torveneach,4 6 6
Wm. M'Gillivray, West-end,1 4 0
 _______
Sum Rent of Faillie,£76 18 4 1/2

[Page 25]

Lairgs.

Alex M'Gillivray. Ballintruan,£8 7 0
Wm. Davidson or Dean,6 1 8
James Sutherland,6 19 1
Widow Ann M'Gillivray or Mackintosh,5 4 3
Donald Calder,3 0 0
Wm. M'Bean, Meikle Miln,10 8 0
Don. M'Gillivray, Cabrach,2 17 0
Lieut. M'Gillivray, Dell of Lairg,23 10 0
 _______
Sum Rent of Lairgs,£66 7 0
 _______

In 1819 the rent from fifty-nine tenants was as follows:--
Easter Aberchalder, thirteen tenants, £266 14s. 9 3/4d.; Dun-
maglass, from thirteen tenants, £453 8s. 9d.; Faillie, six
tenants, £161 10s. 10d.; Easter Gask, nine tenants, £159 15s.
0d.; Wester Gask, nine tenants, £102 5s. 0d.; Inverairnie,
four tenants, £70 3s. 0d.; Wester Lairgs, five tenants, £160
13s. 1 1/2d. Total from fifty-nine tenants, £1372 10s. 6 1/4d.,
and it will be kept in view that shooting rents had not begun.

John Lachlan was very wild in his youth, and Sheriff
Fraser, Farraline, one of the guardians, had some difficulty
in compounding for his pranks at the College of St.
Andrew's in 1797.

He purchased a Cornetcy in the 16th Light Dragoons
in 1800 for £735, and a Lieutenancy in the same regiment
in 1802 for £262 10s., and was very extravagant. Fortun-
ately, he left the army about 1805, when he married Miss
Jane Walcott of Inverness, a lady who had much influence
with him for good. They lived at Culduthel, Drummond,
travelled abroad a good deal, but had no regular residence
except Inverness. After his wife's death, Dunmaglass led


[Page 26]

a somewhat retired life, and many will recollect his fine
military carriage, and how well he sat on horseback as he
took his daily rides.

His father-in-law, Captain Thomas Walcott, thus refers
to him in his holograph will of 1807:--"Item to John
MacGillivray: my own desk that I write at, with the old
stock buckle that he gave me. Had I anything worth his
acceptance, I should out of gratitude have left it to him."

His rental at his death was only £1496 4s. 0d., which
included £180 for shootings. This was about the same as
in 1819, but the tenants had been reduced from seventy-one
in 1803, to fifty-nine in 1819, and in 1852 numbered less
than half, or thirty-five.

He died in 1852 possessed of some £40,000 of money,
which was destined by will, including a year's rent to all
the tenants; also the heritable estates undisposed of, but free
and unburdened. A severe competition arose as to all the
estates except one, that of Easter Aberchalder, there being
no doubt that it fell to the Hon. John MacGillivray, of
Upper Canada, heir male of line of Donald, Tutor of Dunma-
glass, and eldest surviving son of Farquhar MacGillivray of
Dalcrombie. Dunmaglass, Easter Gask, and Wester Lairgs
were destined to heirs male, and the contest was betwixt
the said John MacGillivray--who dying, his son, Neil John,
descendant of Donald the Tutor--on the one part, and the
Rev. Lachlan MacGillivray, descendant of William of Lairgs,
brother of Donald the Tutor, on the other part; the question
being whether Donald or William was the elder, and deter-
mined in favour of Neil John.


[Page 27]

Faillie, Wester Gask, and Inverairnie were destined to
"the heirs and assignees of Clan Chattan," and competed
for by the said Neil on the one part, and the descendants
of Jean "Roy," sister of Lachlan "Lia" and daughter of
Captain William Bàn MacGillivray, all before mentioned, on
the other part; the latter contending that being the nearest
heirs of John Lachlan, the limitation to being of Clan

[Image: "MacGillivray's Well, Culloden Field."]

Chattan had become inoperative. Judgement was given for
them, and shortly afterwards these estates were sold.

XI.--The Hon. John succeeded as heir male to John
Lachlan in 1852, and died in 1855.

XII.--Neil John, who succeeded his father, John, in
Aberchalder, and made good his claims to Dunmaglass,
Easter Gask, and Wester Lairgs. He sold the last two


[Page 28]

estates, and was succeeded in Dunmaglass and Easter Aber-
chalder by his son

XIII.--J.W. MacGillivray, the present Dunmaglass, in
whose time, alas, the remaining estates had to be compul-
sorily sold, and the whole of the once important estates of
the MacGillivrays are lost to the Clan Chattan; except
Wester Lairgs, which is the property of The Mackintosh.
Though the MacGillivrays are now dissociated from all landed
connection with Strathnairn, their memory ought not and is
not likely to fade; for Iain-Donn-MacSheumais-mhic-Dhaibhidh
truly said of the name and race:--

"Gradh do'n droing luinneach,
Mhuirneach, aigeanach ùr
Acfhuinneach, chliuiteach
Mhuirnicht' th' aguinn an cùirt
An fhine nach crìon 'sa shiolaidh
Fad' as gach taobh
Sàr Bràighich an Dùin
D'an tug mi mo rùn a chaoidh.
* * * * * * Air chaismeachd luath,
Thig do chàirdean gu tuath o dheas;
Fir ghlinne 's glain snuadh,
Thig á Muile nan stuadh bheann glas,
Peighinn-a'-Ghàeil le 'sluagh
Thig thar bhuinne nan cuaintean bras,
Bidh iad againn 'san uair
Mu'm bi mulad no gruaimean ort."

The changes in property and occupation in Inverness-
shire within the last fifty years have been very great.
Small proprietors have disappeared, and small occupations


[Page 29]

have been joined to large possessions. No MacGillivray now
owns land, and the name has been so scattered, as to be
now found in the greatest numbers in clan gatherings and
associations within the great cities of the south. MacGillivrays

[Image: "J.W. MacGillivray of Dunmaglass, Chief of the MacGillivrays"]

have a fine record to look back upon, and it is relied on
that wherever they are they will act up to it.

The present Dunmaglass is doing well in India and it
is hoped will restore the fortunes of his family.