Keyword Bibliography of
Ethnoarchaeology and Related Topics

(Version 4.1– October 2004)

compiled by
Nicholas David et al.

Previous users:             Go direct to Bibliography

New Users:          Introduction -  features of Versions 4.x

The fourth version of the ethnoarchaeology bibliography celebrates the first time in my retirement from teaching and admin that I have had time to do anything about my website. It now contains over 9995 records that are primarily or substantially ethnoarchaeological in content (with the keyword ‘ea’) and a total of 2158 records. I have sought to include authors’ first names and middle initials and for greater consistency in presentation by use of an output format modeled on that of the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. Keywords render the bibliography searchable by any word processor. Search instructions are given below.

This is a working document developed for purposes of research, and for the benefit of colleagues. Do not expect bibliographic sophistication.

Renewed thanks to various colleagues, to Ian Hodder, Carol Kramer, Patty Jo Watson and Fiona Marshall for the initial listings that provided a basis for development, and to several -- but still far too few -- others who have sent me references and reprints.

Absolutely no copyright is claimed; the bibliography is for the use of all without conditions. I would appreciate comments, corrections and additions (see below). Those sent to me by email ( or otherwise will be gratefully and erratically incorporated in subsequent updates.

Procite 4.0.3 version An IBM Procite 4.0.3 version of the bibliography can be downloaded from this website, but please, if you do so, feel under an obligation to send me a reasonable number of additions, corrections or other useful comments on the bibliography, or alternatively reprints. Indeed all reprints, course outlines, notifications or examples of new teaching aids, etc., will be gratefully received and publicized in this and other media as time and energy allow.


In order to facilitate searches, the first three keyword elements are codes for (sub)discipline/geographic area/main topic of publication, separated by slashes.

The codes for discipline are all two letters:

an     general anthropology (i.e., not in any of the categories below)
ar     archaeology
ea     ethnoarchaeology
eh     ethnohistory
et     ethnology/ethnography
ex     experimental archaeology
mc    studies of material culture, technology
ph     philosophy of science; social theory
Because the primary purpose of the bibliography is to provide access to ethnoarchaeological materials, a reference that combines ethnoarchaeology with another discipline will be classified as ‘ea’ so long as its ethnoarchaeological content is significant.

The next set of codes for geographic area are all three letters long:

var   None or more than one of the following areas:
nam  North America
mam Meso-America and Greater Antilles - Cuba, etc.
sam  South America and lesser Antilles north to Antigua
naf   North Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
saf   Sub-Saharan Africa including Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, Sudan, and the Horn
eur   Europe: Western, Central and former Soviet Union east to the Urals and Caspian Sea
swa  Southwest Asia including Turkey and Iran
cas  Central Asia – Afghanistan and former Soviet Union east of the Urals and Caspian Sea to 90° East
eas  East Asia: Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, PRC, Japan, Korea, Mongolia and Siberia east of 90° East
sas  South Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh)
sea  Southeast Asia – Burma to Vietnam, including the islands of the Sunda shelf
aus  Australasia, including the islands of the Sahul shelf
oce  Oceania
The codes for primary topicof book or article are four letters long: theo   theory and method in general
form  site formation processes
faun   bones, faunal remains
hunt   hunting and gathering, foraging
subs  other subsistence practices
lith    lithics
pots  ceramics
metl  metallurgy
arti   other artifact classes and their functions, including consideration of taxonomy and typology
setl   settlement patterns
spac  activity areas, domestic space, architecture (may have demographic aspects)
prod  organization of production, transmission of knowledge
exch  trade, exchange, distribution
styl   style and ethnicity
mort mortuary practices, disposal of the dead (may include aspects of ideology)
ideo  ideology, metaphors in technology, systems of thought
Note that anal (analogy), and deco (decoration) are no longer categorized as primary topics. However, they and ecol (ecology) are retained as keywords.

Thus in order to use a word processing program to search for:

– ethnoarchaeological publications on fauna carried out in Sub-Saharan Africa, enter ea/saf/faun
– publications in the philosophy of science on analogy, enter ph/var/theo/anal
all publications on Oceania, enter /oce
It should also be possible, depending on your program, to make use of wild cards, e.g. ea/??? /setl to find all the ethnoarchaeological publications on settlement patterns, etc.

Obviously this system is crude; we have had to make arbitrary decisions, for example, as to the categorization of a paper that deals with the organization of production and exchange of a paper on ceramics. Should it be classified as prod, exch, or pots? Several searches may be necessary to obtain the full listing of relevant publications.

In addition, we have, rather unsystematically, added other keywords, e.g., Hadza/Aborigine/Mexico/arrow, focusing on group names, countries, tool types, and the like. If a work is primarily ethnoarchaeology but includes a significant experimental archaeology element, I have added /ex to the keywords after the first three. And so on. Keywords following the first three are in no particular order. To find publications dealing with Mexican topics, search for /Mexico (using the slash character), and so on. For serious keyword searches, there is no alternative to using ProCite.

Acknowledgements I thank Claire Bourges and Emma Farid for their assistance in preparing an earlier version of the bibliography.
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