Books on the amaNazarites and Zulu Religion

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H.L. Pretorius, Historiography and historical sources regarding African indigenous churches, Lewiston, Edwin Mellen Press, 1995

Books on Zulu Religion:

Berglund, Axel-Ivar, Zulu Thought-Patterns and Symbolism, Cape Town, David Phillip, 1976.

Bryant, A.T., The Zulu People, Pietermaritzburg, Shuter & Shooter, 1967.

Callaway, Henry, Nursery Tales, Traditions and Histories of the Zulus, Pietermaritzburg, Davis and Sons, 1868

Callaway, henry, The Religious System of the amaZulu, Springdale, Springdale Mission Press, 1870


Krige, Eileen Jensen, The Social System of the Zulus, Pietermaritzburg, Shuter & Shooter, 1965.


Kiernan, J.P., The Production and Management of Therapeutic Power in Zionist Churches within a Zulu City, Lewistion, Edwin Mellen Press, 1990.

Ngubane, Harriet, Body and Mind in Zulu Medicine, London, Academic Press, 1977.

Hexham, Irving, ed., Texts on Zulu Religion.  Volume One: Traditional Ideas About God, Lewistion, Edwin Mellen Press, 1987.

Hexham, Irving, ed., Texts on Zulu Religion.  Volume Two: The Ancestors, Divination and Witchcraft, Lewistion, Edwin Mellen Press in preperation..

Kuzwayo, Arnold Wilson Zakala, A History of Ethiopianism in South Africa with particular reference to the American Zulu Mission, Pretoria, unpublished Ph.D. thesis UNISA, 1979

Lee, S.G., A Study of Crying Hysteria and Dreaming Among Zulu Women, London, University of London, unpublished Ph.D. thesis 1954

Oosthuizen, G.C., The Birth of Christian Zionism in South Africa, KwaDlangezwa, University of Zululand, 1987.

Oosthuizen, G.C. The Iconography of Afro-Christian Religions, Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1979

Oosthuizen, G.C., ed., Religion Alive: Studies in New Movements and Indigenous Churches in Southern Africa, Johannesburg, Hodder and Stoughton, 1986.

Oosthuizen, G.C., and Hexham, Irving, with Edwards, H.D. and Wessels, W.H., eds., Afro-Christian Religion and Healing in Southern Africa, Lewiston, Edwin Mellen Press, 1989.

Oosthuizenm G.C. and Hexham, Irving, eds., Afro-Christian Religion at the Grassroots in Southern Africa, Lewiston, Edwin Mellen Press, 1991.

Oosthuizenm G.C. and Hexham, Irving, eds., Further Studies of New Religious Movements in Southern Africa, Lewiston, Edwin Mellen Press, forthcoming.

Sundkler, B.G.M., Bantu Prophets in South Africa, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1961.

Sundkler, Bengt, Zulu Zion and some Swazi Zionists, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1976.

amaNazarite Texts

Irving Hexham, ed., Hans-Jürgen Becken,and the Rt. Rev. Londaukosi iNsiKayakho Shembe, translators, with introductory essay by G.C. Oosthuizen, The Scriptures of the amaNazaretha of Ekuphakameni,Calgary, University of Calgary Press, 1994

Irving Hexham amd G.C. Ooshuizen, eds., translated by Hans-Jürgen Becken, The Story of Isaiah Shembe: History and Traditions Centered on Ekuphakameni and Mount Nhlangakazi,Lewiston, Edwin Mellen Press, 1996

Irving Hexham amd G.C. Ooshuizen, eds., translated by Hans-Jürgen Becken, The Acts of the Nazaretha: Oral Tradition and the Early History of the People of Shembe, Lewiston, Edwin Mellen Press, 1999

Irving Hexham amd G.C. Ooshuizen, eds., translated by Hans-Jürgen Becken, The Sun and the Moon: Oral Testimony and the Sacred History of the Ama-Nazarites Under the Leadership of Johannes Galilee Shembe and Amos Shembe, Lewiston, Edwin Mellen Press, in press.

Books and theses on Isaiah Shembe and the amaNazarites

Brown, Karen H., The Function of Dress and Ritual in the Zazareth Baptist Church of Isaiah Shembe, Bloomington, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Indiana, 1995

Lwandle, Protus Sipho, Concepts of Christ in Afica as Reflected in the Shembe Church, Pretoria, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, UNISA, 1996

Muller, Carol, Nazarite Song, Dance, and Dreams: The Sacralization of Time, Space and the Female Body in South Africa, New York, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, New York University, 1994. [Dr. Muller is also working on a book on this topic and planning to publish a collection of Nazarite hymns]

Oosthuizen, Gerhadus Cornelis, The Theology of a South African Messiah: An Analysis of the Hymnal of the "Church of the Nazarites," Leiden, E.J. Brill,

Oosthuizen, G.C., Succession Conflict with in the Church of the Nazarites, Durban, University of Durban-Westville, Institute for Social and Economic Research, 1981.

Roberts, Lindsay, Shembe: The Man and His Work, Durban, Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Natal, 1935. [This book will be published in the Shembe series by the Edwin Mellen Press with editorial work by Robert Pappini].

Vilikazi, Absolom, with Mthethwa, Bongani, and Mpanza, Mthembeni, Shembe: The Revitalization of African Society, Johannesburg, Skotaville, 1986.



Becken, Hans-Jürgen, "On the Holy Mountain: A Visit to the New Year's Festival of the Nazaretha Church on Mount Nhlangkazi, 14 January, 1967," Journal of Religion in Africa, Vol. I, No. 2, 1969.

Becken, Hans-Jürgen, "Ekupakameni Revisited," Journal of Religion in Africa, Vol IX, No. 3, 1978.

Fernandez, James, W., "The Precincts of the Prophet: A Day with Johannes Galilee Shembe," Journal of Religion in Africa, Vol. V., No 1, 1973.

Gunner, Elizabeth, "New Wine in Old bottles: Imagery in the Izibongo of the Zulu Prophet, Isaiah Shembe," Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford, Vol. XIII, 1982.

Gunner, Elizabeth, "Power House, Prayer House - An Oral Genre and its Use in Isaiah Shembe's Nazareth Baptist Church, " Journal of Southern African Studies, Vol. 14, No. 2, January 1988.

Payne, Adam, "A Prophet Among the Zulus: Shembe-A Power for Peace, and Restraining Influence," The Illustrated London News, Feb. 8, 1930.

Oosthuizen, G.C., "Isiah Shembe and the Zulu World View," History of Religions, Vol. 8, No. 1, August, 1968.