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"Bridging Some Intercultural Gaps: Methodological Reflections from Afar" by Amit Kama (2006). "Identity formation and self construction are inherently cultural phenomena. Although it may seem that human psychology - e.g., basic traits, tendencies, "characteristics," or even the definition of self - are universal and ahistorical, this essentialist view is quite erroneous and needs to be recognized and avoided. Generalizations grounded in good, vigorous scientific research about these issues should be hedged and clearly positioned within a time/space  matrix. Inferences projected from one site onto other cultural sites may result in falsely imposing one set of values, norms, and overall social criteria on another, perhaps leading into a biased colonialism. This also applies to issues concerning the formation of a homosexual identity.

Masculinity for Boys: Resource Guide for Peer Educators (UNESCO, New Delhi, 2006, PDF, PDF): Men have always secretly known and understood the universal male need for intimacy with men, but have also known that the society strongly discourages open acknowledgement of such desire... What would surprise many is that before the British arrived in
India, the Indian society had many socially approved spaces in the mainstream male society, where male-male intimacy flourished openly. Most such spaces and customs were destroyed by the long British rule, but some survived till a century ago... We have seen how the heterosexualisation of Indian society is changing this traditional masculinity pattern. Heterosexualisation also includes the homosexualisation of male-male love. It is one of the most basic forms of male oppression.

Coming Out: La galère des ados: Témoignages
(2002, Translation):
"Depuis que la visibilité a gagné la rue et que la tolérance vis-à-vis des homos a grimpé dans les sondages, une croyance tenace a aussi envahi les esprits: celle qui consiste à penser qu’il est beaucoup plus facile pour les jeunes, aujourd’hui, de faire leur coming out. Il n’en est rien..." ['The increasing gay visibility and tolerance of gay people has been associated with the strong belief that it is far easier for contemporary gay youth to come out. This is not true.'}
'We love you, this won't change a thing' (2009)

"Out in Silence" Documentary Exposes the Hardships of Growing Up Gay (2010).

Talking about gender for most people is the equivalent of fish talking about water. Gender is so much the routine ground of everyday activities that questioning its taken- for-granted assumptions and presuppositions is like wondering about whether the sun will come up. Gender is so pervasive that in our society we assume it is bred into our genes. Most people find it hard to believe that gender is constantly created and re-created out of human interaction, out of social life, and is the texture and order of that social life. Yet gender, like culture, is a human production that depends on everyone constantly "doing gender." (“Night to his Day”: The Social Construction of Gender, by  Judith Lorber, 1994. Alternate Link. In: Paradoxes of Gender, Google Books)

Review (2009): We're all intersex: The author of "Between XX and XY" on people born neither male nor female -- and why everyone's a little bit of both.
Straight or gay, we're all just acting.
Masculinity in a Spray Can (2009). - Pink Boys with Puppy Dog Tails (2010).

Aren't We All a Little Bisexual?”: The Recognition of Bisexuality in an Unlikely Place
(2011 Paper - Abstract).

 Be a man! Be insensitive, overaggressive, homophobic knuckleheads like us! (2009)

Troiden's model of the formation of homosexual identities. - Cass’ model of gay and lesbian identity formation (Wikipedia). - The Gay and Lesbian Affirmative Development (GLAD) Model: Facilitating Positive Gay Identity Development (1999, PDF Download). - Sexual Identity Development among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths: Consistency and Change Over Time (2006). - Five Stages of Coming Out (1985). - Chapter Ten: Homosexual Identity Formation (2007). - Models that Change: The Study of Gay Identity Development (2007). - Hiding in the closet? Bisexuals, coming out and the disclosure imperative (2007). - The Stages of Coming Out (2002). -  SIECUS: Sexual Orientation and Identity (2001). - Defining sexual orientation (1998, Alternate Link). - Sexual Identity and Gender Identity Glossary: Text of a pamphlet which defines common terms in the gender- and sexual-identity communites, including androgeny, butch, camp, drag, femme, and transvestite (Alternate Link). - Glossary of GLBT Terms for Teens - Sexual Disorientation. - Sexual Disorientation (Google Search). - Feeling comfortable with your sexual orientation (2003). - Lessons from Sharing the Story of My (Possibly) Gay 6-Year-Old Son (2011): It got me thinking and after awhile I started to feel like I knew this big secret that shouldn't be a secret at all: Every gay adult used to be a gay kid. - Sexual Identity: What’s this all about? (2012).

Witnessing and Mirroring: A Fourteen Stage Model of Transsexual Identity Formation (2004, Download Page). - Who are 'We'? Where Sexual Orientation Meets Gender Identity (2002, Download Page). - Developing a Model of Transmasculine Identity (2010). - Developmental Model of Transgender Coming-out, Bockting & Coleman (2007).- Transgender Identity Affirmation and Mental Health (2002). - The Gender Identity Fallacy: How an Irrational Concept Prevents a Rational Understanding of Transsexuality. - Developing a Model of Transmasculine Identity (2010). 

Gay By Choice? The Science of Sexual Identity (2007): If science proves sexual orientation is more fluid than we've been led to believe, can homosexuality still be a protected right? - It's Time For Decisions - Awakening Sexual Identities (2009). - Terminology of homosexuality (Wikipedia) (Related). - Coming Out (Wikipedia). Sexual Identity (Wikipedia). - History of modern sexual identities (2007). - Self-Help: Sexual Identity and Orientation. - Overcoming Resistance to Learning About Sexual Identity. - Narratives of women's sexual identity development: A collaborative inquiry with implications for rewriting transformative learning theory (1997). - Policy: Equitable Child Welfare Services Relating to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity/Expression (Children's Aid Society of Toronyo): Backgrounder on Gender Diversity (2008). - Male, female or neither? Gender identity debated at same-sex colleges (2010).  - Rethinking Sexual Initiation: Pathways to Identity Formation Among Gay and Bisexual Mexican Male Youth (2011). - Am I Bisexual? Am I Gay? Am I Straight? A Journey through Sexuality (2009).

Gender & Sexuality Review Editorial Board (2012). The Social Construction of Sexual Identity. Gender & Sexuality Review, 5. PDF Download. Given the importance and complexity of sexual identity, the Resource Center on Gender, Sexuality and Health reserves Newsletter No.5 for newly published books and journal articles, discussing concept of sexual identity and the process of sexual identity formation and acceptance. This newsletter offers evidence to confirm the social construction of sexual identity and to criticize common assumption about natural, universal, transcultural and transhistorical sexual identity. In addition, the publications introduced in this newsletter provide readers with discussion on methodology in studying sexual identity... See Book Review for Profit and pleasure: sexual identities in late capitalism - 2000 - by Rosemary Hennesey (Google Books) (PDF Download) (Review). Also for: The story of sexual identity: narrative perspectives on the gay and lesbian life course - 2009 - edited by Phillip L. Hammack, Bertram J. Cohler (Google Books).

I Am Just So Glad You Are Alive”: New Perspectives on Non-Traditional, Non-Conforming, and Transgressive Expressions of Gender, Sexuality, and Race Among African Americans (2008): In this paper, we argue that both traditional psychology-based group identity theories related to race and sexuality and perspectives on the politics of difference obtained from poststructuralist queer theory underdetermine identity as it is experienced by a distinct subset of individuals, emblematized by non-traditional, non-conforming, and transgressive Black queers. We offer a new explanatory model for these emerging identities that is rooted in metaphysical explanations of human experience. To support our model, we draw historical and contemporary illustrations from African American popular culture. - A Literature Review of Sexual Orientation in Sport: Summary (2008, Alternate Link). - “What's Identity Got To Do With It?” Rethinking Intimacy and Homosociality in Contemporary South Africa  (2009): The article looks at girls' relationships as spaces in which homosociality, same-sex intimacy, and erotic practices can join together; however, the latter is increasingly joined by homophobia. I argue that the “closet” violently jars with some same-sex relationships, such as “mummy-baby” relationships, because they have never been closeted as such..

MSM: Is this inclusive term excluding the queer community? (2010, PSN Newsletter Volume 5, May-August):  A study in Cambodia showed that nearly all trans women interviewed identified as women, yet they are still referred to as long‐hair MSM. One has to question whether MSM is an appropriate term to classify transgendered individuals, who identify as women. This may be seen by some as a lack of sensitivity and respect towards their self‐defined gender identity. This lack of sensitivity often expressed by health care professionals may influence whether or not a trans woman seeks and adheres to medical treatment or HIV prevention efforts. Using the umbrella term of MSM loses delicate details about identity and roles in society. For instance in Cambodia there are many different terms used for male sexual minorities such as srey sros (charming girl), proh srolang proh (man loves man) and proh sa‐at (beautiful man). To simply deem them all MSM is factually incorrect and disempowering when there are valid terms already used by these groups in the local language. - Homolexicology: Should lesbians be called gays? (2005).

Heteroflexible - The latest semantic ploy to keep sexual options open really pisses me off  (2000). - Heteroflexible. - Heteroflexible (2002). - Nuances of gay identities reflected in new language / 'Homosexual' is passé in a 'boi's' life (2004).  - Heteroflexible -- or Fauxmosexual? (2004) - No Strings Attached: Women discover lesbian pleasures but say no to relationships (2005). - Family Stories: Heteroflexibility. - Is “Heteroflexible” the New Gay? (2009). - Are Teens “Post-Gay”? Contemporary Adolescents’ Sexual Identity Labels (2009). - Bi Boys and Heteroflexibility (2009). - `Hot Lesbians': Young People's Talk About Representations of Lesbianism (2009). - Queer dilemma: Being gay or MSM. - Understanding Sexual Minority Adolescents. - Among teens, who's gay is less clear than in past. - The End of Sexual Identity: Fiction's new terrain (2008). - Confused and Hurting, Teens Are “Coming Out” Earlier. - Gay teens coming out earlier to peers and family. - Coming Out is Getting Harder. - Acts of ‘coming out’ and the development of resilience (PDF Download). - Why Lesbians Switch Sexual Identities (Video). - Behind the Mask: Making sense of Michael Jackson’s multiple sexual identities.

The Closet: Psychological Issues of Being In and Coming Out: (Alternate Link) Closeted individuals frequently cannot acknowledge to themselves, let alone to others, their homoerotic feelings, attractions and fantasies. Their homosexuality is so unacceptable that it must be kept out of conscious awareness and cannot be integrated into their public persona. Consequently, these feelings must be dissociated from the self and hidden from others. If and when same-sex feelings and attractions can no longer be kept out of consciousness, the individual becomes homosexually self-aware. Individuals to whom this happens can acknowledge some aspect of their homosexuality to themselves. While homosexually self-aware people might consider accepting and integrating these feelings into their public persona, acceptance is not a pre-determined outcome. For example, a religious, homosexually self-aware man may choose a celibate life to avoid what, for him, would be the problematic integration of his religious and sexual identities. - Safe Zone Training Guide (Long Beach City College): Understanding the “Coming Out” Process, Coleman’s Model, Cass Model, An Historical Overview of Theories of Non-Heterosexual Identity Development in College Students by Patrick Dilley, References, Resources... - Coming Out and other GLBT Issues Online Conference Transcript (Guest: Joe Kort, 2007). 

The Self-Discovery of Being Queer. - Why should gender or sexuality define our identity? - Pink Boys with Puppy Dog Tails (2010). - (Be)Coming out: lesbian identity and politics. - Defining terms used in working with male-to-male sex: PDF Download. - Faire les premiers pas à la recherche de son identité sexuelle. - Feeling comfortable with your sexual orientation - Men with homosexuality (PDF Download). - Feeling comfortable with your sexual orientation - Women with homosexuality (PDF Download). - Coming Out: 6 steps to coming out of the closet as a gay person. - Coming out as an adult. - Coming Out Trans. - Coming Out Trans. - Coming Out Trans To Your Parents & Family. - Coming Out Trans - YouTube Videos. - Coming Out - YouTube Videos. - Pre-coming out. - The Science of ‘Gaydar’ (2012).

Two-spirit people and sexual diversity. - Asians, Cultural Attitudes and Sexual Identity. - The Mixed-Race Queer Girl Manifesto. - My Identity: Who Am I? Korean-American? Queer? Man- Teen's journey to transgender identity. - Concordance between sexual behavior and sexual identity in street outreach samples of four racial/ethnic groups. - "Coming Out" Is Still Difficult For Korean American Daughters.

Burton E, McLeod L (2011). Under One Sky: A Bristol LGB Forum report on the experiences and needs of Lesbian Gay and Bisexual people from Black and Other Minority Ethnic and Faith communities, in Bristol. Bristol, England: Bristol LGB Forum. PDF Download. However not all participants felt that BME communities were more homophobic than the White community. Moreover, homophobia on the one hand was balanced against racism. The underlying tension described by many LGB people in the study was of a lack of understanding and acceptance of the fluidity of identity from White, BME, LGB and non-LGB communities.

Robinson, Matthew P (2000). Unspoken Assumptions: A Cross-Cultural Examination of Sexual Ambiguity. Lambda Alpha Journal, 30, 28-41. PDF Download. This paper focuses on the issue of "sexually ambiguous" individuals - that is, those who exhibit traits that are neither exclusively female nor male - and the problems associated with their existence within a sexually dimorphic cultural context. It examines studies that investigate various innovations in Sambian, Indian, Navajo, Omani, and Samoan cultures that actively incorporate sexual ambiguity into their respective social and cultural systems. Specifically, it describes the nature of the social interactions, cultural significance, and adaptive strategies of these groups in relation to the respective cultural frameworks within which they exist. Looking at cultures whose constructions of sexuality acknowledge (and therefore legitimize) the existence of sexual ambiguity with the incorporation of a third sex class, this paper also discusses alternatives to the binary Western model of human sexuality... With many heated debates currently surrounding Western social policy issues such as civil rights protections for sexually diverse peoples, samesex marriages, and demographic reporting techniques such as the United States Census, the study of sexual ambiguity is especially relevant. Considering alternative models of sexual identity and classification provides us the opportunities to reconsider the implications of differential treatment towards sexually ambiguous and divergent peoples in Western society, to reevaluate and potentially redefine Western cultural assumptions about sexual "normalcy" and "deviance," and to renew our commitment to embracing human diversity.

Lasser J, Tharinger D (2003). Visibility management in school and beyond: A qualitative study of gay, lesbian, bisexual youth. Journal of Adolescence, 26: 233-244. PDF Download. Data included in-depth interviews of 20 GLB youth. The central phenomenon that emerged from the qualitative data analysis was the strategy of visibility management. Visibility management refers to the dynamic, ongoing process by which GLB youth make careful, planned decisions about whether they will disclose their sexual orientation, and, if they decide to disclose, to whom and how they disclose, and how they continue to monitor the presentation of their sexual orientation in different environments. The process of visibility management is proposed as a key construct in GLB identity development. Implications are proposed for working with GLB youth and their families and for making schools safer for GLB youth.

Paradis E (2009, forthcoming). Searching for Self and Society: Sexual and Gender Minority Youth Online. Forthcoming in Wilson, A. and Bloomfield, V. (Eds.) Voices of LGBTQ Students and Teachers: Changing the Culture of Schooling. PDF Download. LGBT youth currently aged 13-21 grew up with the Internet, and LGBT online resources and environments are important sources of information and socialization for them. Five iterations of a new survey tool have been done in order to investigate the online behavior of LGBT youth. This paper answers two main questions: What features of LGBT online environments do these youth use? Why do they participate in LGBT online environments? Findings confirm LGBT youth’s need for community and search for identity and belonging. In sum, LGBT youth are likely to go online in search of community, and less often for sex than is typically assumed in the popular press.

Campo-Arias, Adalberto (2010). Essential aspects and practical implications of sexual identity. Colombia Medica, 41(2). PDF Download. Full Text. Sexual identity is a multidimensional construct that includes sex identity, gender identity, socio-sexual identity, and erotic identity. Sexual identity has theoretical and practical implications for sexual and reproductive health. For adults, concordance among biological sex, gender and role identity, and erotic identity is expected. However, 10% of the general population reports itself as non-heterosexual and another significant percent shows discordant sexual behavior with sexual identity. This narrative review clarifies the concepts of sexual identity, gender identity, socio-sexual identity, and erotic identity and presents some practical issues of an inappropriate use of these constructs in public health.

Syme, Gemma (2009). AC/DC : a study in art, gender and popular culture. Master's Dissertation, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand. PDF Download. Download Page.  This thesis began as an artistic investigation into the politics of identity and sex/sexuality. The main ideas that run throughout this exegesis position themselves within Nicolas Bourriaud’s ideas in the book Postproduction, and also around a parafeminist ideology. Within this I focus on popular music culture, the body, video and performance art, and visual representations of the body. I pay particular attention to the female body, and look into ideas of conventional social norms and how people challenge these. I look into the work of several female artists who deal with the visual representation, and also look at figures within popular music culture. Within band culture I look into how the band can be used as a vehicle to disseminate ideas wider audience. Art and music culture have fed off of each other for generations and can provide valuable strategies within each context for thinking beyond social norms. The remix can be used as a tactic to decode forms and narratives in popular culture. This can be used to investigate representations of identity within a space that is in a constant state of flux. This is particularly useful as a parafeminist strategy because it allows a context in which to question, rather than answer. As a result of this study I have found that there are no concrete answers when it comes to identity and sexuality, but can conclude that conventional gender representations and signifiers of identity can be remixed into different scenarios and narratives that can challenge social norms.

Greenesmith H (2010). Drawing Bisexuality Back into the Picture: How Bisexuality Fits into LGBT Legal Strategy Ten Years After Bisexual Erasure. PDF. PDF [I]f I am not free and if I am not entitled equal to heterosexuals and homosexuals then homosexual men and women have joined with the dominant heterosexual culture in the tyrannical pursuit of E Pluribus Unum and I a bisexual woman committed to cultural pluralism and, therefore to sexual pluralism, can only say, you better watch your back! ...The queer community is stuck with one another. We are lucky enough to represent all humans. Everyone has a sexual orientation and a gender identity, just as everyone has a race, a national origin, and a creed. We cannot, as a community, allow the complexity of human identity and sexuality to be our excuse for forgetting those among us who do not fit along the binary or into a neat definition. As humanity continues to expand and evolve, we will continue to discover new identities and expressions. We must be prepared to accept and address human sexuality and identity or we will fail as a movement.

Jamil OB, Harper GW, Fernandez MI; Adolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (2009). Sexual and ethnic identity development among gay-bisexual-questioning (GBQ) male ethnic minority adolescents. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 15(3): 203-14. PDF Download. Abstract. Identity development is a critical task of adolescence and occurs across multiple areas of self-identification. Although research on the identity development process among individuals who are ethnic and sexual minorities has been conducted for individuals who have 1 minority status or the other, few studies have examined these processes in people who are both ethnic and sexual minorities. In this qualitative study, the authors examined the dual identity development processes related to ethnic and sexual identity among gay-bisexual-questioning (GBQ) Latino and African American male adolescents. Results indicated that the processes associated with the development of sexual orientation and ethnic identity occur concurrently. However, the actual processes involved with the development of each identity not only differed, but seemed to be independent of each other because neither process was referenced in the development of the other. Overall, the process of ethnic identity development involved the process of becoming aware of one's ethnic and cultural heritage, whereas sexual identity development involved finding one's own personally relevant sexual orientation label and connecting to that community. The implications of these findings for the development of interventions to assist in the healthy development of GBQ adolescents are discussed.

The "g0y" phenomenon: Their slogan is "G0ys take the 'A' out of 'Gay'. They are men who have feelings of "real warmth and affection for other guys" but do not classify themselves as homosexual. Turned off by the idea of anal sex, g0ys enjoy being affectionate with other men, whether that means kissing, cuddling, hugging, drunken wrestling (according to http://www.g0ys.org) or oral stimulation. Furthermore, while they respect masculinity, they detest the ways in which homosexuality has been linked to effeminacy. - G0YS.org - Spelled with a ZER0. - g0ydar. - g0y sites & groups. Generally, g0ys believe in Friendship First. In addition to rejected anal behavior they also reject anonymous hook-ups and instead favor developing these initially non-sexual Friendships (plural) over time. In this manner, some friendships may only remain platonic, but other may strengthen and grow to levels in which intimacy becomes a possibility. They are not looking for the 'guaranteed lay', but instead put emphasis on developing a core group of buddies around us that we know will become a life-long association. - Open Forum: G0y's - New Identity or Shameful Gays?

Sexual labels: useful & limiting. - Collective identities: trap or tool for empowerment? - Sexual identities and the "stifling" nature of categorization (2009). - Sexual identities misrepresent actual sexual needs of men (2009). - I Think I Might Be Bisexual, Now What Do I Do? - The Bisexual Identity. - Bisexuality Basics. (PDF Download) - Japanese male gay and bisexual identity. - Reflections on Coming Out. -  "It's me. I'm it.": defining adolescent sexual identity through relational dialectics in Dawson's Creek N/A. - Apples and Oranges: My Journey to Sexual Identity: "Most Gay people have pondered the following notion, however fleeting or subconscious: What if, after coming out to family, friends, and co-workers, I fall in love with a member of the opposite sex." - Témoignages : le jour où j’ai découvert mon homosexualité. - Who Am I?:  What is it?  What if i'm not sure? About relationships? 'Out' to be gay. Sex to know if i'm a gay? What about aids? Tell my family? Tell my friends? What will they say Get more information? A final word...Gay teens coming out earlier to peers and family. - Coming Out In College: Confronting One's Sexual Identity (PDF Download).  - Inside and Outside the Closet: Coming Out and Binary Social Structures. - Narrative Psychology: Gay and Lesbian Identity.

Coming Out in the Sciences: A Graduate Student's Perspective. - Coming out in college residence halls: Negotiation, meaning making, challenges, supports. - Self-Help Information: Coming Out. - Coming out, finding a fit: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered students share advice on searching for inclusive programs, coming out and more. - Olson's poetry explodes issues of sexual identity.  - Coming out from behind closed doors: For gay and lesbian musicians, it’s the music that really matters. - Coming Out in Corporate America. - The Comfortable Closet: I sometimes wonder if I am the only queer who was happy in the Closet (2009). - France : Le difficile aveu de son homosexualité à ses parents (2010): En France, comme un peu partout ailleurs, révéler son homosexualité à ses parents est une épreuve difficile pour un adolescent. L’accepter est souvent vécu douloureusement par la famille. 

Androgyny and Gender Dialectics. - Border Crossings. - Homosexuality; choice or fixed orientation? - Answers to Your Questions About Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality by the American Psychological Association. (PDF) -  Sexual Orientation: Questions and Answers for Teens. - Boys will be girls. - It's what you do: Most of the men who have sex with men in the South probably don’t identify themselves as ‘gay’ or ‘bisexual’. - Gay Shame Conference (2003). - It’s Not Coming Out, So Then What Is It? Sexual Identity and the Ex-Gay Narrative (PDF Download). - True Life: I’m Coming Out (Film): Program Overview and Questions for Discussion. - When Kids Come Out of The Closet: What to say and do when a student tells you he's gay.

Comparative Female Masculinities (Judith Halberstam, University of Southern California) (Abstract, Must Scroll: PDF Download. HTML): "Recent anthropological work on "same-sex female desire" has been rightly hesitant about using the term "lesbian" for variations on same sex desire found in different parts of the globe. Where anthropologists have used a Euro-American template to read and study same sex female desires in non-Western contexts, they have run the risk of obliterating alternative sexual economies and taxonomies. My paper will look at comparative renderings of "female masculinity," a non-identitarian model of gender, and will ask whether we can draw any kind of meaningful parallels between "tombois" in Indonesia, onabes in Japan, T's in Taiwan, toms in Thailand, marimachas in Mexico and tomboys in the Philippines, just to give a few examples. My paper is less an account of these different models of gender variance and more of a search for a methodology for studying gender variance in a comparative framework."  - Studying LesBians: The Journal of Lesbian Studies Looks into Lesbian Youth (2010: Abstracts).

Orientational Diversity: A New Spin, Part 1: "In this first of a three-part series, the author invites us to recognize the ways we unconsciously label ourselves when we play by and listen to society’s recordings. The b-side may surprise and enlighten you." - The Myth of Queer Labelling. - La science nouvelle: La sexualité du futur. - How many homosexuals are there?Bisexuality: identities behaviors, and politics. - Attracted to men? Attracted to women? Attracted to both?? - Behaviour / feelings / identity : 3 aspects of sexuality. - Possible reasons for picking your sexual identity. - Bi diversity. - Bisexuality and relationships. - Seven popular myths about bisexuality. - Some classic elements of bi-prejudice. - Five basic ways to be supportive of someone who's coming out as bi. - Social Protest and the Performance of Gay Identity (Related Information).

Beyond Gay Identity. - Having Sex With Men Does NOT Make Larry Craig Gay. - Valuing a Gay or Lesbian Self-Identity. - Gay Men and Social Exclusion (PDF Download): "If we are to practice effective health promotion with all gay men, we need to leave the notion of a totalising gay identity behind." - A Spirited Identity (PDF Download): "`We were interested in how these men managed to hold a Jewish identity and a gay identity simultaneously... We had assumed that gay identity would take priority but for some of our participants, that wasn't the case ­ they were primarily Jewish men who were also gay.'" - Sexuality and space: sexual identity in South African mine compounds  and prison (PDF Download). - Gay and Lesbian Youth Fare Well Psychologically Despite Chronic Stress N/A. - The Process of Gay Identity: Internalized Homophobia. - Media and memory: building a gay subjectivity. - GLBTQ On Coming Out. - Coming Out: Journey without Maps. - Coming Out to Oneself as Bisexual. - Coming Out of the Coming Out Story: Writing Queer Lives. - Sexual identity getting difficult to keep straight

Homosexuality. Why all the fuss?  "Benin, West Africa. The year is 1976. Two women get chatting on a bus. One is a local woman, the other a European. Towards the end of their journey the African invites the other to stay with her large family. That night they sleep together in one bed. They talk for a while, then, responding to each other’s gestures, they make love. The next morning the European woman asks her new friend whether she often has such experiences with other women, and how she feels about being a lesbian. Astonished, the African woman answers that it is quite usual for her to let a friend comfort her in this way. Later, describing the event, Dutch sociologist Ingrid Foeken comments: ‘For her the incident had nothing to do with homosexuality. She asked me how my friends and I offered each other comfort, which was when I realized how painfully our Western habits contrasted with hers. What she had experienced as comfort had seemed to me at the time to be lesbian lovemaking. In Western culture most sexual activities come with some kind of label. And it is virtually impossible for two people of the same gender to exchange sexual affection without having to ask themselves: what does this make me? What will others think of me? Will their attitude towards me change? Will they be hostile, rejecting? Sexual identity matters intensely to most of us. And we behave as if it is fixed and tells us exactly what a person is. The people who at this moment are beating up a gay man or a lesbian in Liverpool or Bombay or Los Angeles have identified that person as a homosexual. The hundreds of thousands of people who parade through the streets of capital cities on Gay Pride marches once a year, do so because they identify themselves as lesbians and gays..."

Be Yourself (From PFLAG): Questions and Answers for Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Youth - Includes - "I think I might be gay. But what if I don't know for sure?" - I might be gay, what do I do? - I might be a lesbian, what do I do? - You know your gay when ... - The Relationship between Gay and Lesbian Identity Development and Psychological Adjustment. -  Transitions from Heterosexuality to Lesbianism: The Discursive Production of Lesbian Identities. -  Growing Up with a "Spoiled Identity": Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Youth at Risk. - Are there asexuals among us? On the possibility of a "fourth" sexual orientation.

Butch: What defines "straight acting", or "femme", or "butch"? Columnist Alan Ilagan gives his perspective and what his role in the stereotypes is. (Other Articles. - Alan's Web Site) - The man who made gays macho. - Beyond Lisping: code switching and gay speech styles. - Butchs-fems, un combat de genre. - Genres et orientations sexuelles: une question d'apparences?

Comment puis-je savoir si je suis homosexuel? - Comment fait-on pour savoir si on est homosexuel?  - Le fait homosexuel. - Je pense être gai ... ... qu'est-ce que je fais? - L'Express - Dossier - Etre homosexuel aujourd'hui. - Réponse à: ALAIN (je ne veux pas être homosexuel). - Peur d'être homosexuel. - Est-ce vrai que chez les homosexuels on fait une différence entre les termes suivants : "tapette", "gay" et "homosexuel"?  Merci pour votre réponse. -  Vogay: Association vaudoise de personnes concernées par l'homosexualité. - Autour du coming-out: Quand la sortie est mal acceptée par la famille Réfléchir avant de sortir de son placard.

Introduction to coming out. - Coming Out In America: An Historical Perspective (2005). - Coming Out Resources. - The process of coming out. - The Process of Coming Out: A Journey (PDF Download). -  Coming Out.Read this before coming out to your parents. (PFLAG). - Resources from PFLAG. - Chapter 1: Homosexuality: The Shocking Discovery. - Gay Men, Coming Out - What Does Coming Out Mean? - Landmark survey shows gay youth coming out earlier than ever. - Assumer son homosexualité lorsqu'on est adolescent(e). - Coming Out as a Straight Ally- Acts of 'coming out' and the development of resilience. - Coming Out: Parents Reject Gay Teen. -  Whether you come out or not, you're still gay!

Coming Out and Being Out: What You May Need to Think About (Alternate Link). - Coming Out, An Act of Love. - The HRC Resource Guide to Coming Out. - Out on Fraternity Row: Brotherly Love: An Excerpt (The Book). - The role of the Internet in facilitating the "coming-out" process of gay and lesbian youth: An ethnographic study. - Coming out carefully N/A. - Gays and Lesbians who come out later in life face different challenges Friendly advice: Coming out to friends, and what approach to take. - Gay & Lesbian Adoptees: Coming Out Again.

Coming Out: A Gay Teen Talks About Telling. - Coming Out - My Story. - Coming Out Gay At 16

Coming out - what does coming out mean? - Coming of Age and Coming Out: Representations of Gays and Lesbians in Young Adult Literature. - The Importance of coming Out: Techniques for Success. - Coming out in Africa. - Coming out in Africa: Anthony Orliange previews Dakan, the first African movie about homosexuality. - Family Adjustment Following Disclosure of Homosexuality by a Member: Themes Discerned in Narrative Accounts. - Coming Out at Midlife.

Coming Out in Communities of Color. - Coming Out in Spanish."Raymond Pifferrer's father, a Cuban-born janitor, threw him through a window when he told his father he was gay. " - Coming Out in Communities of Color: African Americans: PDF Download. - Coming Out in Communities of Color: Latinas/Latinos. - Asian Pacific Americans and Coming Out. - When it’s stifling to be out: Gay Asian American men say cultural values keep them from coming out. - Indian 2 spirits gay boy coming out story cowboy western.

Gay Asians hesitant to 'come out' in New Zealand (Must Scroll): "Asian lesbian, gays and bisexuals (LGBs) in New Zealand are more likely to keep their sexuality a secret compared with Westerners , a Massey University study says. Senior social work lecturer Mark Henrickson said his findings reinforced the notion that the idea of having an LGB identity was a highly westernised, European concept... In New Zealand's largest study of LGB people, Dr Henrickson surveyed 2269 respondents, of which 491 (21 per cent) were born overseas. Of these nearly 11 per cent were Asian. The study found that while Asian-born immigrants were aware of having same-sex attractions at an earlier age, they were less likely to tell friends, family or colleagues as they grew older. Only 3 per cent of non-Asian respondents said they hadn't disclosed their identity to anyone, compared with 15.3 per cent of Asian people..."

Coming Out: Gay and Lesbian Life in East Asia. - First Mr Gay China 'coming out' in Beijing (2010).

Coming Out in Africa (2004). - African LGBTI Communities Come Out of the Closet Online (2008).  - Coming out in Kenya (2009): Pauline Kimani is one of Kenya’s few openly lesbian women. - Being gay in Kenya (2006). - Out In Africa South African Gay and Lesbian Film Festival 2009.

African, Middle Eastern gays 'come out' in secret (2008). - Coming Out On the Internet: Africans and Arabs Blog About Being Gay Online (2008). 

The Coming Out of a Lesbian's Mother. - Married Gay or Bisexual Men and Women. - Kelly McGillis: Coming Out as a Lesbian Not Easy (2009). - The older lesbian, coming out late: More common for women than men (2010). - Coming Out as Gay to your Kids. - Coming out to your children. - Closets Are Not For Us: Views From Five Lesbians.

A coming out guide for gaydads.A gay dad comes out, reports on his attraction to a man as a boy, and then - after a marriage - comes out to himself and others - to then become the major force in the founding of: - The Lambda Institute for Gay and Lesbian Studies (Edmonton, Alberta). - Out Of The Closet And Out Of The Family [and suicide related problems].. - Out of the closet. - Outing In Gay Paree. - Out of the Closet and On to Fraternity Row: Gay college kids are making their brotherhood official on U.S. campuses. - Gay  Fathers Association of Seattle: coming out support.

Coming Out As Bisexual. - Coming Out as a Bisexual Woman When You're Dating a Man. - Coming Out: Realizing Bisexuality In A Straight World. - Editor’s Note: Reflections on Bi Visibility and Coming Out.

'Coming out as a gay actor ruined my career in Hollywood,' says actor Rupert Everett. - Everett's Career Lacked After Coming Out Gay. - 'Top Gun' star Kelly McGillis: I'm a lesbian. - “Mad Men” creator says openly gay actors, even Neil Patrick Harris, can expect limited opportunities.

New Jersey governor quits, comes out as gay: McGreevey announces resignation after telling of affair (2004). - It’s Time for Gay Conservatives to Come Out. - NBJC Exclusive: The Coming Out of Jason Bartlett... Jason Bartlett Becomes Nation's  First Black and Openly Gay Legislator (2008). - Coming Out From Behind The Badge: Stories Of Success And Advice From Police Officers "Out" On The Job. - Gay British soldier talks about coming out to his comrades (2009): Ben Rakestrow, who is serving in Afghanistan, says he has had nothing but harmless banter since revealing his sexuality.

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Athletes Coming Out to Coaches. - "Coming out" in the NHL. - Amaechi becomes first NBA player to come out (2007). - Gay rugby star hosts 'coming out' party to thank friends (2010). - Elite athletes inch out: Volleyball coach was fired for being a lesbian.  All of the panelists agree that sports helped them through adolescence. "Swimming saved my life," says gold medal swimmer Mark Tewksbury, 31. "I was so ostracized in high school. [Swimming] gave me a place where people wanted to be like me. It gave me confidence." - I’m gay, reveals GAA star Donal Og Cusack in new autobiography (2009). - Gay referee Nigel Owens to discuss coming out (2010).

Some suggestions for coming out to parents, relatives, and non-gay friends. - Coming Out. - Growing Up Gay New York may be the best place in America to come out. Which doesn't necessarily mean it's easy -- especially if you're 16. Rory Evans reports from the teen front. - Parental Reactions to Their Child's Disclosure of A Gay/ Lesbian/ Bisexual Identity N/A by Richard Savin-Williams. - Homophobia: Discrimination and violence can make 'coming out' a dangerous choice. - L'adolescente omosessuale e la sua famiglia d origine: PDF Download

The OutProud "Coming Out" Archives: Personal Stories / Personal Journeys. Categories - Male / Female / M2F / F2M / Other - and by age groups. - Coming Out Stories GalleryDeaf-Queer Coming Out Stories. - Stories from women who've come out after thirty (30) years of age, published here since 1998. - Coming Out and Staying Out Guide for gay and bisexual men. - Coming out advice for GLB individuals in Trinidad. - Trinicontact reports on his coming out to self and others. - Coming Out: Resources and Readings (PDF Download).

Expressing Our Needs: Coming Out for Transsexuals and Transvestites. - Transgender: What is it? - Is This Child Gay, Transgendered, or Both? (PFLAG). - Myth, Stereotype, and Cross-Gender Identity in the DSM-IV. - An open letter to the parents of transsexual children. - Disclosure: Share It Or Bear It. - Coming Out as Transgender. - Coming Our: Transgender. - Coming Out as Transgender. - Coming out transgender in same-sex relationships. - Coming Out Gay Becoming Moot, Transgender Most Difficult.

Coming Out Of The Classroom Closet. - ‘Coming Out’ as a Catholic School Teacher. - Coming Out in Middle School (2009). - Owning His Gay Identity -- at 15 Years Old: Youths Coming Out Sooner, but Protections Against Harassment Lag. - Gay Youth Coming Out In Middle School. -  Youth Development Real Life Story – Many Gay Teens Are Coming Out at Earlier Ages.

Coming Out Gay and Christian Is An Incredibly Courageous Act. - "Coming Out" as Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender within a Christian Community.

Disclosing a Lesbian, Gay, or Bisexual Identity in Graduate Psychology Programs: Risks and Rewards. - Coming Out at Caltech. - Gay and Greek: The experience of being gay and in a fraternity.

The importance of being "out" in many cases (Newsweek) N/A. - Secrets and lies take a hefty toll on Gay lives. - Coming out as spiritual revelation N/A.(Not Available from the Harvard Gay and Lesbian Review)  - The Gift That Never Goes Out of Fashion; The Truth. -  "Out" problems in law school.

Coming-Out Stories Collection. - Coming Out Stories Gallery. - From Yawning Bread (Singapore)Asian Coming Out Stories Google Search at YawningBread.org: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. The Case for Remaining in the Closet. - "(Oh no!) I'm Gay!" - Breaking Out (of the closet). - Yagga Yagga (Support Group). - Guidelines to Help School Personnel Respond to GLBT Students When They Disclose Their Sexual Orientation. - Guidelines for Coming Out to Parents.

My Personal Story: Growing Up Gay [and coming out in Sweden]. - Lesbian & Gay The Swedish Way (A booklet).   (Same Booklet in Spanish: La Homosexualidad es Amor.)

Australia's "Get all the facts on the ins and outs of being young & queer in the 90's"

From Medscape: -  For Family Physicians: "Homosexuality in Adolescence is Important to Identify." (Must register for access.) - Gay and Lesbian Resources from psychpage.com such as: Coming Out, Coming Out to Parent, Issues for Gay and Lesbian Adolescents.

Can we understand? A guide for parents. (PFLAG)  - Help for parents with gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgendered child. - Casual Remarks, Daggers Through the Heart. - On the Outs: Living Proof Helps Gay City Teens Cope With Coming Out of the Closet.

The social construction of identities: "The perils of postmodernism". - The social construction of homosexuality. - The social construction of male homosexuality, related suicide problem. -  A Critique of Social Constructionism and Postmodern Queer Theory.  - Des identités homosexuelles:  Propos sur la génèse et les avatars d'un genre contesté. - Studies on Gay & Lesbian Language: A Partial Bibliography. - The Scenography of HIV Infection for Young Gay Men: Educating Emotion and Desire: Individuation and sexual identity.

Young people, leisure and the construction of sexual identities: a report on work in progress by Martin Holt (PDF Download N/A): "My research therefore seeks to problematise the concepts of ‘youth’ and ‘sexual identity’ employed in mainstream psychological research and employ alternative qualitative approaches to investigate how young people construct their own identities in talk about their lives. For me identity, is not fixed, unvarying and essential as often portrayed in research on sexual identity (e.g. Troiden, 1988), but instead is an ongoing process, subject to change and fluidity, contingent on the social and historical setting, and contested and enacted in discourse (Butler, 1990; Sampson, 1989; Weeks, 1995). Any sense of fixity and coherence we experience in our identities requires ongoing work at a personal and social level to weave convincing ‘narratives of the self’ (Giddens, 1991; Plummer, 1995), together with work at a cultural and ideological level to preserve the idea of subjectivity as unified and individually-based (here in the West)." - Leisure, Narratives and the Construction of Identity Among Lesbian, Gay & Bisexual Youth by Beth D. Kivel.

Un-queer anti-theory. - Multiple Masculinity's a world of subculture and homosexual interaction. - The Role of Masculinity in Male Homosexual Culture (by Shazza Nakkim, 1999). - The Range of Sexual Identity. - The (Re) Construction of African-American Masculinity -- Homosexuality (Janice Cools, 1998). - Boys in Schools: Addressing the Politics of Hegemonic Masculinities. - Foucauldian Cautions on the Subject and the Educative Implications of Contingent Identity. - Décade de Cerisy sur la propriété. "Sex is but something else to belong to". L'identité sexuelle comme propriété?

Les méandres de l'identité et de l'orientation sexuelle des hommes (Alternate Link) (Google Translation). - Exploration of the Preconceived Notions of Homosexuality. - An Analysis: heterosexuality in the male. - A queer geography: journeys toward a sexual self: "'Do Gays exist?' is the provocative question behind Frank Browning's latest jaunt around the globe." - Identité homosexuelle et communauté gaie. - Gay and homosexual are terms, used sometimes interchangeably, but the two words have different meanings N/A. - Terminology of homosexuality. - Social Protest and the Performance of Gay Identity. - New Directions for Gay Liberation: The Politics of Identity.

Gay Identities, communities and places in the 1990s in Istanbul. - Performing Sexual Identity: Naming and Resisting 'Gayness' in Modern Thailand. - Greek Masculinity and Male Homosexuality. - Lesbian Identity Development, Parental Acceptance, and Self Esteem among Hong Kong Lesbians - 2002 - by Fiona Ho Man Lam, Catherine McBride-Chang: The Chinese University of Hong Kong (Word 97 Download N/A). - Tomboi masculinities and the transgression of gender in the Indonesian state - by Evelyn Blackwood (Draft paper for the IASSCS Conference, Melbourne, Australia, Oct. 1-3, 2001: Word 97 Download N/A). - Sexual Transgression in the Autobiographies of Two Indonesian Women. - Negotiating Gender: Calalai' in Bugis Society. - Gay identity in university EFL courses in Japan. - Coming Out in Japan: Book Review. - Coming Out by South Asian Gay Men in the United Kingdom. - Coming out in China. - Understanding the process of homosexual identity formation among Asian and Pacific Islander youth.

La construction de l'identité homosexuelle dans les lois aux états-unis et en france, , Scott Gunther DEA de Sciences Sociales, EHESS, ENS Paris, 1995. - Le mouvement homosexuel français face aux stratégies identitaires, Yves Roussel, Les Temps Modernes, mai-juin 1995. (PDF Download, or access web page for PDF Download) - Le lexeme comme facteur identitaire: le cas des homosexuels a Istanbul, Philippe-Schmerka Blacher, mai 98. - The Sociology of Sexualities: Queer and Beyond. - Afghan Men Struggle With Sexual Identity, Study Finds (2010): An unclassified study from a military research unit in southern Afghanistan details how homosexual behavior is unusually common among men in the large ethnic group known as Pashtuns -- though they seem to be in complete denial about it...

The Kingdom in the Closet (Part of Article): (Alternate Link) (Alternate Link) (Alternate Link) Sodomy is punishable by death in Saudi Arabia, but gay life flourishes there. Why it is “easier to be gay than straight” in a society where everyone, homosexual and otherwise, lives in the closet... “It’s a lot easier to be gay than straight here,” he had said. “If you go out with a girl, people will start to ask her questions. But if I have a date upstairs and my family is downstairs, they won’t even come up.” ... "They’re quite shameless about it." Talal, a Syrian who moved to Riyadh in 2000, calls the Saudi capital a "gay heaven." This is surprising enough. But what seems more startling, at least from a Western perspective, is that some of the men having sex with other men don’t consider themselves gay. For many Saudis, the fact that a man has sex with another man has little to do with "gayness." The act may fulfill a desire or a need, but it doesn’t constitute an identity. Nor does it strip a man of his masculinity, as long as he is in the "top," or active, role. This attitude gives Saudi men who engage in homosexual behavior a degree of freedom. But as a more Westernized notion of gayness -- a notion that stresses orientation over acts -- takes hold in the country, will this delicate balance survive? ... When Yasser hit puberty, he grew attracted to his male cousins. Like many gay and lesbian teenagers everywhere, he felt isolated. "I used to have the feeling that I was the queerest in the country," he recalled. "But then I went to high school and discovered there are others like me. Then I find out, it’s a whole society." ,,, In Saudi Arabia, "It’s easier to be a lesbian [than a heterosexual]. There’s an overwhelming number of people who turn to lesbianism," Yasmin said, adding that the number of men in the kingdom who turn to gay sex is even greater. "They’re not really homosexual," she said. "They’re like cell mates in prison." ,,, What is ‘gay’? In The History of Sexuality, a multivolume work published in the 1970s and ’80s, Michel Foucault proposed his famous thesis that Western academic, medical, and political discourse of the 18th and 19th centuries had produced the idea of the homosexual as a deviant type: In Western society, homosexuality changed from being a behavior (what you do) to an identity (who you are). In the Middle East, however, homosexual behavior remained just that -- an act, not an orientation. That is not to say that Middle Eastern men who had sex with other men were freely tolerated. But they were not automatically labeled deviant. The taxonomy revolved around the roles of top and bottom, with little stigma attaching to the top. "‘Sexuality’ is distinguished not between ‘homosexual’ and ‘heterosexual’ but between taking pleasure and submitting to someone (being used for pleasure),"...A magazine editor in Jeddah told me that many boys in Mecca, where he grew up, have sexual relations with men, but they don’t see themselves as gay. Abubaker Bagader, a human-rights activist based in Jeddah, explained that homosexuality can be viewed as a phase. "Homosexuality is considered something one might pass by," he said. "It’s to be understood as a stage of life, particularly at youth." This view of sexual behavior, in combination with the strict segregation of the sexes, serves to foster homosexual acts, shifting the stigma onto bottoms and allowing older men to excuse their younger behavior -- their time as bottoms -- as mere youthful transgressions...

Thompson, Beverly Yuen (1999). The Politics of Bisexual/Biracial Identity: A study of Bisexual and Mixed Race Women of Asian/Pacific Islander Descent. PhD. Dissertation, San Diego State University. Abstract. PDF Download.  The construction of certain behaviors and physical characteristics into an acceptable and recognized “identity” is a phenomenon that is meaningful to the specific location and historical moment. “Identities” may not travel well across certain places and historical epochs because of the intricate cultural meanings associated with them. The United States in the late twentieth century is one location in which certain identities are constructed and understood in relation to national history and to political and social issues of the historical era that created such locations. “Identities” in the U.S. have largely been based on membership in groups and classes in which people experience oppression or are denied opportunity because of that membership. For an identity to be understood as such, two factors are typically present: (1) the identity is forced upon the group in a manner which often reduces the group to stereotype and homogeneity for certain reasons such as to justify their (marginal) position in society; (2) the group members more or less accept the identity or label as significant to their self-understanding (and their position in society), although they may or may not accept the meanings that come along with the identity. Identities, therefore, are understood by both group members and non-group members as a legitimate self-label, though the ways in which either view the identity may diverge. Identities based on hegemonic cultural membership, such as white, male, heterosexual, or middle class, are often not employed as self descriptive terms unless one is differentiating one’s self from members of oppressed groups. Identities have largely been constructed in American society based on membership in recognized oppressed groups….

Talalay, Lauren E (1998?). Reflections on Identity and Ethnicity in the Ancient World. Conference Presentation. Full Text. Identity is a complex, multidimensional phenomenon. Variously and not always clearly defined across disciplines, the subject of identity witnessed a surge of interest after World War II. The political and social changes that emerged in the wake of the War fostered heated discussions of national character, ethnicity, and personality (Erikson 1950, 1958; Herdt 1994:45). Today, despite what must total hundreds of thousands of pages on the concepts of collective and individual identities, there is no agreement about the precise functions that identity serves at both the personal and social levels or on how identity is formed, maintained, dissolved, and recreated. The complexity and elusiveness of the topic, however, seems to create an irresistible challenge to scholars who feed in a variety of academic habitats, and, as this conference shows, provides a rich environment for discussions of ethnicities and the relationships of individual and collective identities to material culture. A prolegomenon to All for One or One for All? (Re)constructing Identity in the Ancient World, this brief introduction aims to problematize the concept of identity and offer perspectives that, hopefully, will prove useful to archaeologists, art historians, and others who study the past through texts, literary evidence, and/or material culture. Reflecting some of the issues raised by the presenters in this conference, I begin with some theorizing, move to an exploration of group and negotiated identity, then to a discussion of archaeology and the construction of modern political identities, and finally to a consideration of gendered identity. As current scholarship attests, contemplating identity is a convoluted enterprise. At the individual level, identity answers the question, "Who am I in relation to other people?" On the social level, it answers the query "Who are we in relation to other human groups?" (Mach 1993:4). Neither question is easy to answer and in both cases, issues of integration, adaptation, conflict and the symbolic nature of human communication must be considered (Mach 1993:4). Given the dynamic aspects of identity, it is not surprising that attempts to find an objective set of criteria that can serve as a definition, particularly for ethnic and collective identities, prove frustrating (Hall 1997:19). It is, however, heuristically beneficial to tackle the subject by isolating several questions, all of which are either implicitly or explicitly addressed by the presenters in this conference: What kinds of artifacts and literary evidence are constitutive of what kinds of identity? How do they reflect and participate in negotiated dispositions over time? Under what conditions will societies encourage individual, self-determined or personal rather than collective and social indentities? And, how politicized is the relationship between archaeology and the construction of modern identities? In order to answer these questions, we need to design a basic vocabulary and formulate some theoretical guidelines.

Morano, Laurie Ann (2007). A personal construct psychology perspective on sexual identity. Master's Dissertation, Psychology Department, University of New York at New Paltz. PDF Download. Download Page. This paper examines four of the most widely known homosexual identity development models, as well as some of the literature that explores sexual identity as a fluid process. The suggestion is made that sexual identity can be created and recreated based on current individual feelings and experiences rather than by forcing identity to fit into already existing socially constructed categories. Personal Construct Psychology (PCP) is introduced as a theory that can be used to transform sexual identities over a lifetime. A Sexual Identity Cycle is presented using several PCP transitional construing concepts.

Stern, Matthew (2010). Dudes, Bros, Boyfriends and Bugarrones: Redistributing the Stigma of Same-Sex Desire. Sprinkle: A Journal of Sexual Diversity Studies, 3: 144-153. PDF Download. Although the prevalent pop culture view maintains that sexual identities are clear‐cut, much academic research points to the fact that there are many cases in which straight‐identified people engage in homosexual activities, and vice‐versa. In this essay, I discuss specific cases in which Western males exhibit same‐sex behaviour while continuing to identify as heterosexual. I argue that, although popular media continue to suggest that there is an essential connection between sexual identity and behaviour, in practice there are many men who flout traditional heterosexual codes of behaviour while adopting specific strategies to avoid being labelled gay, queer, or bisexual. I also demonstrate that, according to much of the research on these men, these efforts are usually intended to preserve the power or privilege associated with their status as masculine heterosexuals.

Glazer EM (2010, 2012). Sexual Reorientation. Hofstra Univ. Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-30. Georgetown Law Journal, 2012. PDF Download. There has been a recent shift in the political and legal treatment of bisexuals. Since Ruth Colker, Naomi Mezey, and Kenji Yoshino began writing about the phenomenon of bisexual erasure and the resulting invisibility of the bisexual from sexual orientation law and the LGBT rights movement, something strange has happened. Bisexuality is suddenly hypervisible. And not just on Glee or in The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo. Or even in the 2010 national sex survey reporting that of 7% of the population identifying as non-heterosexual, 40% of the men and a large majority of the women surveyed identified as bisexual. Bisexuality is now also hypervisible in the law. Recent cases have arisen where plaintiffs have alleged discrimination on the basis of their bisexual orientations and where plaintiffs have been required to prove that they are “gay enough” to merit protection from discrimination. Yet despite this hypervisibility, the law has failed to address the harms that bisexuals face. The problem stems from the law’s current definition of “sexual orientation,” which provides the basis for an actionable discrimination claim. This definition includes only extreme orientations like homosexuality and heterosexuality, but for all practical purposes excludes bisexuality. This Article offers an alternative definition by introducing the distinction between an individual’s General Orientation and Specific Orientation. An individual’s General Orientation is the sex toward which the individual is attracted the majority of the time. An individual’s Specific Orientation is the sex of the individual’s desired or actual partner(s). While for many the two orientations are identical, for bisexuals the two orientations often differ. If adopted, this alternative definition would reorient the concept of sexual orientation under the law. It would offer to the LGBT rights movement, to legislatures, and to courts the opportunity to protect against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation as it is actually lived, rather than on the basis of sexual orientation as the law has until now imagined it to be. It could also offer to antidiscrimination law a model for the protection of living identities, with respect to sexual orientation but also with respect to other identity categories...

Calzo JP, Antonucci TC, Mays VM, Cochran SD (2011). Retrospective recall of sexual orientation identity development among gay, lesbian, and bisexual adults. Developmental Psychology, 47(6): 1658-73. PDF Download. The findings from this study provide compelling evidence that a substantial number of older GLB adults report experiencing milestones in adolescence, thus indicating that early development may not be unique to current GLB youth cohorts. The consistency of early identity development across cohorts further suggests that sexual minority individuals proceed through sexuality-related milestones in a similar developmental trajectory as their heterosexual peers (i.e., from late childhood through late adolescence). However, it is likely that the interpretations and emotional reactions to milestones may differ substantially across cohorts (e.g., current cohorts may view the emergence of same-sex attractions in adolescence and the adoption of sexual minority identities more positively than older cohorts; see Floyd & Bakeman, 2006, there may be cohort differences in levels of disclosure). Furthermore, although the Early Profile was most common, the presence of the Middle and Late Profiles, and intriguing gender differences in the timing of milestones suggest that there is substantial individual heterogeneity in when sexual minority identities emerge. Such diversity indicates that GLB individuals may vary in levels of maturity, coping capacity, and availability of social support while traversing milestones. Given the elevated prevalence of physical and mental health problems among some sexual minorities (Cochran & Mays, 2009; Cochran, Sullivan, & Mays, 2003), it is imperative that health providers, researchers, parents, and policy-makers work together to ensure that resources are available to encourage positive identity development at all stages of the life span.

Robinson, Russell K (2011). Masculinity as Prison: Sexual Identity, Race, and Incarceration. California Law rebview, 99: 1309-1408. PDF Download. The Los Angeles County Men’s Jail segregates gay and transgender inmates and says that it does so to protect them from sexual assault. But not all gay and transgender inmates qualify for admission to the K6G unit. Transgender inmates must appear transgender to staff that inspect them. Gay men must identify as gay in a public space and then satisfactorily answer a series of cultural questions designed to determine whether they really are gay. This policy creates harms for those who are excluded, including vulnerable heterosexual and bisexual men, men who have sex with men but do not embrace gay identity, and gay-identified men who do not mimic white, affluent gay culture. Further, the policy harms those who are included in that it stereotypes them as inherent victims, exposes them to a heightened risk of HIV transmission, and disrupts relationships that cut across gender identity and sexual orientation. Thus, this Article casts doubt on the claim that the policy is intended to and actually protects gay and transgender inmates. Moreover, it interrogates the Jail’s failure to protect many other categories of inmates who have been shown to be vulnerable to sexual assault in jails, including those who are young, first time offenders and those with disabilities. The Jail’s policy ultimately reflects and reinforces problematic social assumptions about masculinity, including the notion that gay men are not “real men.” This Article goes on to argue that the Jail’s screening process implicates the constitutional right to privacy. The Jail encourages inmates to come out as gay and yet fails to protect their disclosure of sensitive sexual information or consider the long-lasting ramifications of coming out in jail. Indeed, the Jail requires K6G inmates to broadcast their sexuality by wearing powder blue uniforms—in contrast to the dark blue uniforms worn by inmates in the Jail’s general population. Although the gay rights movement often has portrayed coming out as a duty for every man who has sex with men, this Article illustrates the double-edged nature of coming out, particularly in the violent context of incarceration. Especially for men who are black, Latino, and poor, the decision whether or not to come out should be left to the individual.

Cover, Rob (2011). Recognition and re-cognition: Lesbian/gay identity and the discourse of childhood memory. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 7(3): 205-215. PDF Download. Memorial recollections of a childhood past play a significant role in the production lesbian/gay identities, particularly through the narrative of the coming out story which often relates the ways in which childhood events, thoughts and feelings operate as a 'proof' of sexual identity. This paper examines some of the ways in which memorial claims of a queer childhood are utilised as a retrospective form of lesbian/ gay identity performativity in order to produce stable, coherent and intelligible selves by resignifying an individual's past as always having been a 'queer past'. Examining the notion of a remembered queer past through Butler's theories of performativity alongside a Derridean reading strategy, it is argued that, in taking memory to task, it is possible to open the field of sexual possibilities beyond essentialist claims to identity. Rather than being a proof of authenticity or a record-of-the-past, memorial accounts of a queer childhood, it is argued, can understood as a product or effect of lesbian/gay sexual subjectivity, a nonfoundationalist construct that is deployed to stabilise queer sexuality in the present and for future, and to disavow the constructedness of sexual subjectivity.

Coleman-Fountain, Edmund (2011). Making sexual selves :a qualitative study of lesbian and gay youth. PhD Dissertation, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Geography, Politics and Sociology, Newcastle University. PDF Download. Download Page. The interviews were conducted between January and December 2008. Participants were aged from sixteen to twenty-one, and all were living in the North-East of England at the time. This project is situated within what is considered to be a moment of social change in respect of the construction of lesbian and gay identities, notably due to the ‘normalization’ of those identities. This is a period in which the young lesbians and gay men interviewed for this project may be seen as growing up and coming out in. The study itself explores the ways in which the young people interviewed developed a sense of themselves as sexual, asking about the significance of lesbian and gay identities in the construction of those selves. Theoretically, a symbolic interactionist perspective is adopted, this project exploring the ‘everyday’ processes through which sexual selves were made and maintained. The data collected suggested a number of complex reflexive debates in which the young lesbians and gay men came to understand themselves as sexual. Addressing issues of desire and intimacy, the adoption of sexual identities, negotiations of sameness and difference, and the telling of sexual lives, this thesis discusses the complex, and at times paradoxical, ways in which lesbian and gay sexual selves were made.

Dahl, Angie L (2011). Sexual and Religious Identity Development Among Adolescent and Emerging Adult Sexual Minorities. All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. Paper 995. PhD Dissertation, Utah State University, Logan, Utah. PDF Download. Download Page. Eight adolescents (15-18 years) and 11 emerging adults (19-24 years) who identified as both LGBTQA and having been raised in an active Christian religious tradition participated in the study... Findings from the current study supported three broad themes and several subthemes. Early in their development, participants described a behavioral religious participation and early awareness of their same-sex attractions. The young adult participants also shared a tendency to deny their attractions. During their middle phase of experiences, participants often self-labeled as LGBTQA. Religiously, participants shared they questioned their beliefs yet continued their religious participation. A proportion of the participants indicated experiencing guilt, conflict, and mental health difficulties, which many participants related to their emerging sexual orientation and religious involvement. The late experiences, which often coincided with sharing a same-sex attracted label with friends and/or family members, was marked by a religious disengagement, social consequences, self-acceptance, and personal values clarification. Using the participants’ own words these findings are presented, along with possible implications and suggestions for future research.

Welden, Brooklynn A. (2010). Come Out to or Pass: Developing a Praxis Communications Model for Sexual Identity Disclosure Discourse. Working Paper No. 8. Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences. PDF Download. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered, Queer (LGBTQ) persons who wish to come out to (Samuels 2003), embark on the self-revealing and actualizing dialogue wherein she or he discloses sexual identity, to another person or persons. However, coming out to others is not one conversational discourse but many. An LGBTQ person faces a daily, lifelong choiceseries to speak or remain silent (237). In American culture, LGBTQ persons must cope with entrenched social constructs which specify that any but the hetero is a deviant being (Rimmerman 2008). Thus, the ability of LGBTQ persons to speak freely is greatly constricted—acceptance of the revealed identity is uncertain. The disclosure discourse effectively and permanently shifts the LGBTQ person’s identity, and thus the person him- or herself, to the hetero-other, who may reject this ‘new’ person. Here the LGBTQ person evinces Maslow’s theory of human motivation (1943), demonstrating the needs for safety, love and esteem. Maslow emphasizes that the “…normal adult…” (378) in American society generally need not fear lack of safety [italics added]. The disclosure dialogue is actually a pre-negotiation. When the dialogue involves a core personal and social identity, such as that facing an LGBTQ person when considering whether to come out to another person or continue to pass, risks are high, unless the LGBTQ party can determine how the other party will react and respond appropriately before disclosing.

Peña, Abráham  (2012?). Empowering the Self, Creating Worlds: Lesbian and Gay Latina/o College Students’ Identity Negotiation in Figured Worlds. Journal of College Student Development, ... PDF Download. Drawing from Holland, Lachicotte, Skinner, and Cain’s (1998) identity theory, this study sought to understand how six self-identified lesbian and gay Latina/o college students negotiated their sexual and ethnic identities. Participants identified two equally flawed dimensions, the hometown and college figured worlds, from which they sought an alternative de-stigmatizing space for identity negotiation. Through the senses of freedom, security, and belonging, the participants became selfempowered to create a third figured world – a space governed by their individual expectations and social norms – where their identities could coexist.

Veil of Separation, Veils of Identity: But it prompts the question: why do homosexuals exist in societies where a separation of sexes doesn't necessarily apply? Moreover, does such a separation predicate the effect of genuine homosexual desires? And then, are these so-called "homosexuals" homosexuals in the sense that we in the West have defined it? Or are they individuals forced to fulfill a natural desire in the only way they can? Maybe homosexuals [or men who engage in sex with other men] in countries like Saudi Arabia are not necessarily "in the closet" but actually free from having to identify themselves. And rather, we [both homosexuals and heterosexuals in the West] are trapped in a closet of our own, a closet of monosexuality where we veil ourselves with endless layers attempting to define and label sexualities that we eventually [like with everything] ship and market around the world [the international gay?!?].

Des identités homosexuelles - Propos sur la génèse et les avatars d'un genre contesté, Cécile Bénito de Sanchez, Revue h, été 1996. (PDF Download, or access web page for PDF Download) - Genres et orientations sexuelles: une question d'apparences?, Rommel Mendès-Leité, 1990. (bibliographie) Publication originale : Mendès-Leite, R. " Genres et orientations sexuelles: une question d'apparences ? ". GREH et. al. Homosexualités et Lesbianisme: mythes, mémoires, historiographies. Actes du colloque international (3 volumes). Lille, Cahiers GKC, 1989-1990. pp. 109 - 147. - Des folles de Saint-Germain-des-Prés au fléau social. Le discours homophile contre l'efféminement dans les années 50 : une expression de la haine de soi ? par Georges Sidéris (2000).

Lesbian Identity and the Politcs of Butch-Femme Roles. - Butch - Femme Information. - Butch An Evolving Identity. - Butch-Femme Resources on the Web. - The Porcelain Throne: Meditations by a hickster dyke on the conundrums of identity, activism, diversity, and toilets (On Labels). - On Sexuality, Labels and Identity. - Sorting the Alphabet Soup of Sexual Orientation and Identity: a Guide to LBGT Sources (PDF Download).

"Journal of Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Identity" to "International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies." - Straight School, Gay Lives. Managing Gay Identity in a Heterosexual Environment: Field Research Project Based on Interviews with Gay Men at The Wharton Business School. - Creating Accessible Queer Community: Intersections and Fractures with Dis/Ability Praxis. - Increasing Availability of Research on Sexual and Domestic Violence in LGBT Populations (PDF).

Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy ( Adopted as the Official Journal of the Association of Gay nd Lesbian Psychiatrists): Links to Abstract for Volumes 1 to.... -  Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services: Issues in Practice, Policy, and Research: Links to Abstract for Volumes 1 to.... - Sexual identity therapy: Practice guidelines for managing sexual identity conflicts (Word Download). 

Coming of Age and Coming Out: Representations of Gays and Lesbians in Young Adult Literature Rob Linné. Reprinted from Taboo: The Journal of Culture and Education Fall 1996, pp. 71-87. 9  (Full Text online) - Articles by members of Treeroots exploring Gay Psyche in Psychology, History, Politics, Spirit, Sexuality,Culture and Soul.

WS 375 NAT Topics: Sexual Outlaws N/A (Instructor: Jessica Nathanson, Fall 1997): The purpose of this class is to provide a comprehensive understanding of sexualities and sexual identities in America. To this end, we will spend the semester examining sexual cultures and identities that are outside American"norms". We will begin by exploring more generally the social construction of identity, noting the ways that gender, racial, and sexual identities intersect and collide, and are, as Dana Takagi says, "qualitative," rather than "quantitative," in nature. From here, we will move on to an overview of "Western" and "non-Western" conceptualizations of sex and gender, recognizing that such notions are located in and very much a product of particular times and places, and thus far from universal. We will then begin our study of outlaw sexualities, focusing first on an interrogation of the origin and eventual "norming" of heterosexuality as an identity before moving on to explore gay male identity and community and the political construction (and deconstruction) of lesbian identity. Finally, we will focus on women's core concerns in several identity groups that have recently emerged from within the larger gay/lesbian community -- bisexuality, butch-femme, S/M, sex work, and transgenderism-- and on the relationships between these "sub-subcultures" and the larger lesbian culture."

Éloge de la diversité sexuelle - 1999 - par Michel Dorais. "Partant de ce fait évident que la plupart d'entre nous vivent leur sexualité dans un régime binaire (homme/femme, masculin/féminin, hétéro-/homo-, etc.), Michel Dorais s'attaque aux stéréotypes des intégrismes fondant ce qu'il appelle « l'apartheid sexuel." - Gay liberation: is the fight over? Presentation to Marxism 2001 conference, University of Technology Sydney, 26 August 2001 (PDF Download)

Abstracts on Sexual Identity: - Sexual orientation, sexual identity, and the question of choice (1989). - Sexual orientation, sexual partnership, and sexual identity of MSM in Kolkata, India (2004). - Shifting Sands or Solid Foundation? Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Identity Formation (2007). - Configurations of Identity Among Sexual Minority Youth: Context, Desire, and Narrative (2008). - Narrative Sexual Identity Therapy (2008). - The Re-Making of Sexual Kinds: Queer Subjects and the Limits of Representation (2009). - Sexual behaviors of non-gay identified non-disclosing men who have sex with men and women (2008). - Peer regulation of teenage sexual identities (2004). - The Fixity of Sexual Identities in the Public Sphere: Biomedical Knowledge, Liberalism and the Heterosexual/Homosexual Binary in Late Modernity (2005). - Gender, racial, ethnic, sexual, and class identities (1997). - Exploring Sociocultural Borderlands: Journeying, Navigating, and Embodying a Queer Identity (2007). - Shifting sexual boundaries: comparing Brazilian and American men (2008). - Behind the Make-Up: Gender Ambivalence and the Double-Bind of Gay Selfhood in Drag Performance (2008). - Current psychological perspectives on adolescent lesbian identity development (2010). - The rise and fall of gay: A cultural-historical approach to gay identity development (2009). - Different Patterns of Sexual Identity Development Over Time: Implications for the Psychological Adjustment of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths (2009). Standing OUT/Fitting IN: Identity, Appearance, and Authenticity in Gay and Lesbian Communities (2010). 

Abstracts on Sexual Identity: - Women's sexual identity patterns: differences among lesbians, bisexuals, and unlabeled women (2009). - Sexual identity development and self-esteem as predictors of body image in a racially diverse sample of gay men (2009). - Ethnic related variations from the cass model of homosexual identity formation: the experiences of two-spirit, lesbian and gay Native Americans (2009). - Are teens "post-gay"? Contemporary adolescents' sexual identity labels (2009). - Sexual and ethnic identity development among gay-bisexual-questioning (GBQ) male ethnic minority adolescents (2009). - “I Am Just So Glad You Are Alive”: New Perspectives on Non-Traditional, Non-Conforming, and Transgressive Expressions of Gender, Sexuality, and Race Among African Americans (2008). Minority Nonheterosexual Women and the Formulation of Identity (2009). - "No Way My Boys Are Going to Be Like That!" Parents’ Responses to Children’s Gender Nonconformity (2006). - Queer Eye” for Social Work: Rethinking Pedagogy and Practice with Same-sex Attracted Young People (2007). - On the Horns of a Dilemma: Institutional Dimensions of the Sexual Career in a Sample of Middle-Class, Urban, Black, Gay Men (2007). - Mouths Wide Shut: Gender-Quiet Teenage Males on Gender-Bending, Gender-Passing and Masculinities (2009). - Dissecting "gaydar": accuracy and the role of masculinity-femininity (2010). 

Abstracts on Coming Out:: - Lesbian and bisexual adolescents: identity formation, coming out and HIV risk behaviors (1997). - Lesbian coming out as a multidimensional process (1997).  - The coming out process among gay youth in the era of AIDS: a suggestion for a model (1998). -  Coming out discourses of Asian American lesbians (2001). - The Coming-Out Process and Its Adaptational and Health-Related Associations Among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths: Stipulation and Exploration of a Model (2001). - Coming out and outcomes: negotiating lesbian and gay identities with, and in, the family (2003). -  Lesbian Identity Management at Various Stages of the Coming Out Process: A Qualitative Study (2004). - Ethnic/Racial Differences in the Coming-Out Process of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths: A Comparison of Sexual Identity Development Over Time (2004). - Coming Out, Coming Into What? Identification and Risks in the 'Coming Out' Story of a Norwegian Late Adolescent Gay Man (2007). - Have they really come out: gay men and their parents in Taiwan (2009). - ‘The other kind of coming out’: Transgender people and the coming out narrative genre (2009). - Have they really come out: gay men and their parents in Taiwan (2009). - A Double Coming Out: Gay Men with Learning Disabilities (2009). - Experiences Regarding Coming Out to Parents Among African American, Hispanic, and White Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Adolescents (2009). - Coming Out Growth: Conceptualizing and Measuring Stress-Related Growth Associated with Coming Out to Others as a Sexual Minority (2009). - An evolutionary psychological investigation of parental distress and reproductive coercion during the "coming out" of gay sons (2010). -What lessons do coming out as gay men or lesbians have for people stigmatized by mental illness? (2009).  

To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Internet Resources: GLSEN: Coming Out: A Guide for Youth and Their Allies. - HRC: National Coming Out Project Homepage. - NFC's Coming Our Resources. - Colage. - LGBT Resources: Coming Out by The Gender Equity Resource Center. - "Coming Out" Resources. - Coming Out Australia | Gay Coming Out| Lesbian Coming Out| Bisexual Coming Out| Coming Out Help. - Empty Closets. - Coming Out (Safe Schools Coalition: Beth Reis). - Gabi Clayton: Coming Our Resources- PFLAG: Coming Out and Support Resources for Everyone. - comingoutlesbian.com -

Google Directory: GLB. - Google Directory: Transgender. - Open Directory. - about.com's resources. - PrideLinks.com: Groups & Identity.Bisexual. - Gay Men.Lesbians - Transgender & Transsexual.& others. - Gayscape. - Coming Out Resources. - Coming Out Resources for Lesbians. - Coming Out & Sexuality. - Coming Out Stories. - Lesbian Articles on Coming Out. - Coming out as Bi. - Applause Now. - Lesbian Identity Resources.

The Ultimate "Planet Out" Guide to Queer Movies (Subject: Coming Out). - Out: Stories of Lesbian and Gay Youth (Film, 1993). - Boys Don't Cry - Movie Review. - Films related to Coming Out. - Top 6 Unforgettable Gay Coming of Age Movies. - Gay Identity Refracted in Multiple Voices: WHAT did gay liberation do for gay cinema? To begin to tackle this question, one has to survey the shadowy history of on-screen homosexuality, consider the elusive notion of a gay sensibility and — as with all minority-group debates — weigh the conflicting ideological positions on difference and assimilation...

Coming Out Videos: - Coming out is hard, so is being gay. - Living Lives: Coming Out in High School. - Coming Out with Mom. - Coming Out Archive. - My coming out story. - Coming Out of the Closet. - Coming out.. - Re: coming out to my mom... sad. - Niki Coming out. - I Just Came Out. - My Coming Out Story. - My Coming Out Story. - My Coming Out Story. - My Coming Out Story. - Living Lives: Coming Out in High School. - Being Gay, How I Knew & Who I Am... - I knew I was gay when... - My Coming Out of the Closet Story. - How to come out of the closet. - Yes, I'm Gay, But... - Bisexuality (One, Or the Other). - The T In LGBT. - Coming out. - Coming Out on Campus. - Owning His Gay Identity -- at 15 Years Old: Youths Coming Out Sooner, but Protections Against Harassment Lag. - Sexual Identity (National Geographic Video).   

BOOKS on coming out issues: Search with terms: "coming out".   - Bibliography of Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual Coming Out Issues. - Hares-Hyenas: Coming Out Books. - APA Selected Bibliography - Lesbian and Gay Development (All Resources). - Books on coming out in the workplace. - Polyamory-Related Books - Coming Out. - Powell's Books - Gay and Lesbian Studies-Coming Out and Families. - Coming Out Books from Amazon & CompaqPLUS.- A Short Bibliography of Writings on Gay Shame. - Books on Coming Out/Youth Issues. - Coming Out: A Bibliography for & about Gay & Lesbian Teens (PDF Download). - Amazon: Great Coming Out Resources. - MarriedGay Bibliography. - Coming Out: A Selected Bibliography. - Coming Out Books. - GLBTRT TRANScending Identities Bibliography. - Coming Out: A Selected Bibliography: CSULB University Library. Sources on Gender Non-Conformity. - When boys will be girls and girls will be boys: unerstanding and treatment of gender non-conforming children and their families : selected bibliography. 

Books: - Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities over the Lifespan: Psychological Perspectives - 1996 - edited by Anthony R D'Augelli and Charlotte Patterson (Review) (35 Sample Pages) (Google Books). - Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities in Families: Psychological Perspectives - 1998 - edited by Charlotte Patterson, and Anthony R. D'Augelli (24 Sample Pages) (Review). - Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities and Youth: Psychological Perspectives - 2001 - edited by Charlotte J. Patterson. Anthony R. D'Augelli (24 Sample Pages) (Google Books). - Modern Homosexualities: Fragments of Lesbian and Gay Experiences - 1992 - by Ken Plummer (Abstract) (Routledge Reference).  - Growing Up Gay/Growing Up Lesbian: A Literary Anthology - 1994- edited by Bennett L. Singer (Abstract) (Barnes & Noble) (Amazon). - Positively Gay: New Approaches to Gay and Lesbian Life - 1992 - edited by Betty Berzon (Abstract) (11 Sample Pages). - Coming Out and Disclosures: LGBT Persons Across the Life Span - 2007 - by Ski Hunter (Google Books). - Communicating gender diversity: a critical approach - 2007 - by Victoria Pruin Defrancisco, Victoria Leto DeFrancisco, Catherine Helen Palczewski (Abstract & Abstracts for each chapter) (Google Books) (Review). - The Story of Sexual Identity: Narrative Perspectives on the Gay and Lesbian - 2009 - eduted by Phillip L. Hammack, Bertram J. Cohler (Google Books) (Amazon) (Preface). - Nobody Passes: Rejecting the Rules of Gender and Conformity - 2006 - edited by Matt Bernstein Sycamore (Review: the content “tears binary gender norms to shreds, and proceeds to embrace, challenge, and transform not only the categories of ‘man’ and ‘woman,’ but the categories of femme, transgender, butch, genderqueer, and ‘none of the above, thank you.’”) (Review) (Author Interview) (Author Interview).

Books: - PoMoSexuals: Challenging Assumptions about Gender and Sexuality - 1997 - edited by Carol Queen and Lawrence Schimel (Review) (9 Sample Pages) (Abstract, Contents).  - The Other Side of the Closet: The Coming-Out Crisis for Straight Spouses and Families, Revised and Expanded Edition - 1994 - by Amity Pierce Buxton (34 Sample Pages). - Contested Closets: The Politics and Ethics of Outing - 1993 - by Larry Gross.  - Children of Horizons: How Gay and Lesbian Teens Are Leading a New Way Out of the Closet/With a New Epilogue - 1996 - by Andrew Boxer, Gilbert H. Herdt (1993 Edition) (Google Books). - Testimonies: Lesbian and Bisexual Coming-Out Stories - 2002 - edited by Sarah Holmes, Jenn Tust, Jennifer Tust. - Am I Blue? : Coming Out from the Silence edited by Marion Dane Bauer  (Overview). - Homoplot: The Coming-Out Story and Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Identity - 2008 - by Esther Saxey (Review). - Sexual Identities in English Language Education: Classroom Conversations - 2008 - by Cynthia D Nelson (Google Books) (Review). - New Perspectives on Language and Sexual Identity - 2007 - by Elizabeth Morrish, Helen Sauntson (Review). - Sexual orientation discrimination: an international perspective - 2007 - edited by Mary Virginia Lee Badgett, Jeff Frank (Google Books). - Chicano/Latino Homoerotic Identities - 1999 - Edited by David William  (Google Books) (Review). - Sexualities and Identities of Minority Women - 2009 - by Sana Loue (Google Books) - After identity: rethinking race, sex, and gender - 2007 - by Georgia Warnke (Google Books) (Review) (Review).

Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity - 1990, 1999 - by Judith Butler (Review) (Amazon) (List of Reviews) (Preface) (Google Books) (Review) (Related) (Compte Rendu) (Heteronormativity and the Politics of Subversion) (Judith Butler's Impact on Feminist and Queer Studies Since Gender Trouble). - Gender Trouble Down Under: Australian Masculinities - 2002 - by David Coad (Review) (Review). - Read My Lips: Sexual Subversion and the End of Gender - 1997 - by Riki Anne Wilchins (Review) (9 Sample Pages). - Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality - 2000 - by Anne Fausto-Sterling (33 Sample Pages) (Review). - Female Masculinity - 1998 - by Judith Halberstam (19 Sample Pages) (Google Books) (Review: PDF Download) (Review) (Review) (Author Interview)  (Female Masculinity: Shamed within the Lesbian Community.). - Trans Liberation: Beyond Pink or Blue - 1999 - by Leslie Feinberg (11 Sample Pages) (Google Books). - Genderqueer: Voices from Beyond the Sexual Binary - 2002 - edited by Joan Nestle, Riki Wilchins, Clare Howell (Review). - Transmen and Ftms: Identities, Bodies, Genders, and Sexualities - 1999 - by Jason Cromwell (20 Sample Pages) (Google Books). - Lessons from the Intersexed - 1998 - by Suzanne J. Kessler (Google Books) (Review). - Gender And Sexual Identities In Transition: International Perspectives - 2008 - edited by Jos Santaemilia, Patricia Bou (Abstract). - Queer Japanese: Gender and Sexual Identities through Linguistic Practices - 2010 - by Hideko Abe. - Gender Nonconformity, Race, and Sexuality: Charting the Connections - 2003 - edited by Toni Lester (Google Books). - Revisioning gender - 1999 - edited by Myra Marx Ferree, Judith Lorber, Beth B. Hess (Google Books) (Embattled Terrain: Gender and Sexuality). - The Kaleidoscope of Gender: Prisms, Patterns, and Possibilities - 2007 - edited by  Joan Z. Spade, Catherine G. Valentine (Google Books). - Gendering bodies - 2008 - by Sara L. Crawley, Lara J. Foley, Constance L. Shehan (Google Books). -  Gendering Bodies/Performing Art: Dance and Literature in Early Twentieth-Century British Culture- 1995 - by Amy Koritz. - Communicating gender diversity: a critical approach - 2007 - by Victoria Pruin Defrancisco, Victoria Leto DeFrancisco, Catherine Helen Palczewski (Google Books) (Chapter 4: Gendereed/Sexed Bodies) (Review).

Books: - Invented Identities? Lesbians and Gays Talk About Migration - 1997 - by Bob Cant (Review) (Amazon) (Overview). - Lesbian and Bisexual Identities: Constructing Communities, Constructing Selves - 1997 - by Kristen G. Esterberg (Review) (Amazon) (Google Books) (Chapter 1: Introduction). - What is She Like? Lesbian Identities from the 1950s to the 1990s - 1995 - by Rosa Ainley (Review) (Amazon). - Looking Queer: Body Image and Identity in Lesbian, Bisexual, Gay, and Transgender Communities - 1998 - edited by Dawn Atkins (27 Sample Pages) (Google Books) (Review). - Different Rainbows - 2000 - edited by Peter Drucker (7 Sample Pages) (Review: PDF Download) (Review) (Review). - The Archaeology of Plural and Changing Identities: Beyond Identification - 2005 - edited by Eleanor Conlin Casella, Chris Fowler (Google Books) (Review). - Queer Man on Campus: A History of Non-Heterosexual College Men, 1945-2000 - 2002 - By Patrick Dilley (Review)  (Review) (Amazon). - The Story of Sexual Identity: Narrative Perspectives on the Gay and Lesbian Life Course - 2009 - edited by Phillip L. Hammack,  Bertram J. Cohler (Abstract for One Chapter).  - Sexual Identities, Queer Politics - 2001 - edited by Mark Blasius (Amazon) (Google Books). - Sexual Lives: A Reader on the Theories and Realities of Human Sexualities - 2002 - by Robert Heasley, Betsy Crane. - Sex Differences: Summarizing More Than a Century of Scientific Research - 2008 - by Lee Ellis (Google Books). - The Psychology of sexual orientation, behavior, and identity: a handbook - 1995 - by Louis Diamant, Richard D. McAnulty (Google Books).

Books: - Coming Out in College: The Struggle for a Queer Identity - 1994 - by Robert A. Rhoads (Review) (Amazon). - Acts of disclosure: the coming-out process of contemporary gay men - 1998 - by Marc Vargo (Google Books). - Lesbian Epiphanies: Women Coming Out in Later Life - 1999 - by John Dececco, Karol L Jensen (Google Books). - "...And Then I Became Gay" Young's Men's Stories - 1997 - by Ritch Savin-Williams (Commentaries) (11 Sample Pages) (Google Books) (Review). - The Family Heart: A Memoir of When Our Son Came Out - 1994 - by Robb Forman Dew (Abstract) (24 Sample Pages). - There Must be Fifty Ways to Tell Your Mother: Coming Out Stories - 1996 - by Lynn Sutcliffe (Abstract). - Outing Yourself: How to Come Out as Lesbian or Gay to Your Family, Friends, and Coworkers  - 1996 - by Michelangelo Signorile (32 Sample Pages) - Sexual Identity on the Job: Issues and Services - 1996 - edited by Alan L. Ellis, Ellen D. B. Riggle (Google Books). - Coming Out: Irish Gay Experiences - 2004 - by Glen O'Brien (Review). - Queer Japanese: Gender and Sexual Identities Through Linguistic Practices - 2010 - by Hideko Abe. - Homoplot: The Coming-Out Story and Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Identity - 2008 - by Esther Saxey (Review). - Coming Out of Shame : Transforming Gay and Lesbian Lives - 1996 - by Gershen Kaufman, Lev Raphael (Review). - Coming out, coming in: nurturing the well-being and inclusion of gay youth in Mainstream Society - 2007 - by Linda Goldman (Google Books) (Author Interview) (Excerpt) (Review). - Officially Gay: The Political Construction of Sexuality by the U.S. Military - 2003 - by Gary L. Lehring (Chapter 1) (Google Books). - Out in the country: youth, media, and queer visibility in rural America - 2009 - by  Mary L. Gray (Google Books).

Books: - Contested Closets: The Politics and Ethics of Outing- 1993 - by Larry Gross (Abstract) (Amazon) (Google Books). - Epistemology of the Closet - 1990 - by Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick (Review) (Amazon) (Google Books) (Review).  - The Celluloid Closet: Homosexuality and the Movies - 1987 - by Vito Russo (Review) (27 Sample Pages). - The Price of Achievement: Coming Out in Reagan Days - 1995 - by W. Scott Thompson (Review) (Amazon). - Step Children of Nature: Krafft-Ebing, Psychiatry, and the Making of Sexual Identity 2000 - by  Harry Oosterhuis (Review) (23 Sample Pages).

The "SEARCH Section" For...
The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Search Engines & Directories: Google.com. - Google Scholar. - MSN Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture.

Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of  Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.

Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal- Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - OpenPDF.com. - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. findarticles.com: many free full text articles and papers. - Scribd.com

Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers).  eScholarship Repository:  University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries.  - NTUR, National Taiwan University- Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. -  UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki- E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory

Search for Free Articles, Papers or ReportsFindArticles.com - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere.  The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.

Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.

Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses,  Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway.  - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available - OpenThesis.org.

Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. -  Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. -  Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers,  2005,  3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports.


  The development of these GLBT information web pages were made possible through the collaboration of Richard Ramsay (Professor, Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary) and Pierre Tremblay (independent researcher, writer, and GLBT children and youth advocate) who both recognize that often needed social changes occur as the result of knowledge availability and dissemination. Additional Information at: Warning, Acknowledgments, Authors.

These GLBTQ Info-Pages were located at the University of Southampton from 2000 to 2003, this being the result of a collaboration with Dr. Chris Bagley, Department of Social Work Studies, University of Southampton.

Graphics are compliments of Websight West. The Synergy Centre donated computer/Internet time to facilitate the construction of this GLBT information site. Both are owned by a Chris Hooymans, a friend, and former publisher of a gay & lesbian magazine in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Chris continues to offer his expertise whenever needed and he has supplied, free of charge, the hosting of the site - Youth Suicide Problems: A Gay / Bisexual Male Focus - where a smaller - GLBTQ Education Section - and the Internet Resource Page for this subject (http://www.youth-suicide.com/gay-bisexual/links2.htm) is located.

Many thanks to Wendy Stephens from The Department of Communications Media, University of Calgary.  She communicated with publishers of many academic journals (an ongoing time-consuming process) for permission to reproduce abstracts from papers and studies on these GLBT information web pages.


The information made available on this web page does not represent all the relevant information available on the Internet, nor in professional journals and in other publications.

This web page was constructed to supply a spectrum of information for individuals seeking to understand one or more of the many gay, lesbian, bisexual, queer and transgender issues. Additional Information at: Warning, Acknowledgments, Authors.

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