Roz Reports on Her Gay Son's Suicide
To Index Page: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual / Queer / Transgender / Two Spirit Information Site
Results from more than 30 gay / bisexual male youth suicidality Studies
To Search For Anything At This Site!
Site Index
Subject Index
Your Help Would be Appreciated
Family, Couples, Childrens and Adoption Issues: Part 1 of 3: Internet Links
Graphics by Websight West: - Acknowledgments & Information Limitations
Internet Resources
Bibiography: Papers, articles, and books.
Abstracts: Papers, articles, and books.
Abstracts: Ph.D and Master's Theses


Note: Changes / Additions to this resource will initially be made on - This Web Page - and here about one year later.

Note: Full Text Documents are Located on Another Web Page.

INDEX: - Couples / Relationships- Relationships involving biological and/or adopted children- Domestic Violence.

Couples / Relationships:

CyberPals/CyberLove: What does it all mean for lesbians? Part 1. (Self-Help & Psychology Magazine).Dual-Career Lesbian Couples (Research). - Lesbian couples for friendship.  - Urge Congress to Allow Gay Couples to Stay in Committed Relationships. - Mixed Race Couples and the Family Get Together. - Gay couple hold Hindu wedding. - Intimacy in Gay Relationships. - Reflections on Cross-Generational Relationships. - Same-Sex Unions World-Wide: A History Ignored By Opponents Of Gay Marriage. Preliminary Survey (2004) by D. Michael Quinn. - On the Impossibility of Same-Sex Marriage. - UPS denies benefits to civil-union couples. - Census tries to draw same-sex couples out of closet. - 2000 Census information on Gay and Lesbian Couples (USA). - Gay marriage 'is good for health'. - "I Do But I Can't": marriage denial impacts mental health of gay men, lesbians. - Marriage or Bust? - The Rights Of Same-Sex Partners.  - Rights and Protections Denied Same-Sex Partners. - When Same-Sex Partners Fail To Formalize Their Relationship.

Stages of Gay Relationship Development. - Famous Same-Sex Couples. - Famous Lesbian Couples. - Gay couples march on Manhattan. - Trio of initiatives target gay couples: "Several initiatives seeking to amend the California Constitution to outlaw gay marriage and deny domestic partner benefits to same-sex couples have entered circulation, much to the chagrin of gay rights advocates..." - Gay Couples Study. - Where gay couples are coming out [in USA]. - Gay, lesbian couples can teach heterosexuals how to improve relationships. - Gay Couples More Honest And Mature Than Heterosexuals. - Gay and Lesbian Couples at Home: Identity Work in Domestic Space. - Wedding Of Gay And Lesbian Couples Are 'Pride' Open This Week (Toronto).

2000 Census information on Gay and Lesbian Couples, by state. - Indian reservations and tribal lands, by highest percentage of same-sex couples. - From The Washington Post: Count of Gay Couples Up 300%. -  Census Figures on Same-Sex Couples. - Gay couples head almost half-million households N/A. - Gay couple-led homes reach far corners of US N/A. - Intergenerational Gay Couple. - 200 Gay Couples "Wed" in Mexico City N/A. - Some gay folks are saying 'I don't' or 'not now': They worry about legal issues or are leery of marriage. - Observations on Work/Family Research on Gay and Lesbian Couples (PDF Download). 

Gay Couples. - Les couples serodiscordants [HIV-positive/HIV-negative couples]. - Atlanta Couples Together. - Turns Out The Happy Couple Is Gay. - Lesbian and Gay Couples. - Lesbian Couples and Friends: Is There Enough Love to Go Around? by psychotherapist Kali Munro. - The Experienced World of Young Gay Men who are Attracted to Older Men - A Phenomenological Study. (Alternate link with link to complete study in Finnish.). - Gay couples can be as stable as straights, evidence suggests.  - Three's company: in Hush! a gay couple become a trio when a young woman decides to bear their child, For out filmmaker Hashiguchi Ryosuke, it's a uniquely Japanese twist.

Why We Can't Keep It Together: Columnist Alan Ilagan reviews in this past column on a breakup he had with a lover of his. He reflects on how different and not-so different it was from previous relationships and as to why gay men seem unable to stay together for long. - What A Gay Guy Wants: With youth, we have vitality and energy. With age, we have wisdom and patience. Alan  talks about his experience with both and what age means ultimately. - The Internet: Friend Or Foe? The Internet: A shady place to illicitly find quick gratification or a world of opportunity to explore the full gay community? Alan gives his opinions on the issue of how "friendly" the Internet truly is. (Other Articles. - Story Archives. - Alan's Web Site). - Walls and bridges: how coupled gay men and lesbians manage their intergenerational relationships.

From (UK): See "Partnership". - Gay couples could get register (UK). - ABCNews: Key Victory for Gay Couples. - TIME Magazine: A Halfway Win For Gay Couples. - City haven to gay couples. Same-sex pairs found throughout state. - Les couples gais sont-ils protégés? - Lesbian couple lose equal rights case. - France grants equal legal rights to gay couples. - Gay Couple is a Family. - First British TV ad to feature gay couple. - Hawaii Gay Marriage Bureau.

Gay Illegal Immigration Movie Tackles Political Issue: "Art not only imitates history but current events in last years limited theatrical release Maple Palm, set to be released on a Collector's Edition DVD July 3. Maple Palm dramatizes the story of a lesbian couple of fifteen years concealing the secret that one is an illegal immigrant. As seen in the film's movie trailer and exclusive clips, Maple Palm offers an intense dramatization of what it means to be an illegal immigrant facing deportation. At times, the film is raw and disturbing, depicting the harsh and sometimes violent truth of these difficult circumstances. Yet the filmmakers insist that, at its core, Maple Palm is a love story, albeit a tragic one..." - Film spotlights couples' immigration woes. - Immigration for Same Sex Couples Where Neither Partner is Canadian and Both Partners Are Immigrating. - Same-Sex Couples - Equality under Canadian Immigration Rules. - Immigration Laws Discriminate Against Gay and Lesbian Families (USA).

Gay and Lesbian Couples - See Progress in British & Australian Immigration (1995, No. 3) N/A. - Australians Back Same-Sex Marriage. - Stonewall Immigration Group. - Gay couples celebrate immigration changes (UK). - Changes in US Immigration Splitting Gay Couples N/A- The Status Report Immigration Equality Newsletter Archive. - Gay Couple Wins Immigration: Victory in Canada (1995) N/A. - Immigration law leaves gay, lesbian couples no place to call 'home'. - Same Sex Immigration Resources - Canada. - GLITF (NSW) The Gay and Lesbian Immigration Task Force. - South Africa: Lesbian couples file interdict on immigration refusal. - Canada Introduces New Immigration Act. - Canadian Immigration for Same-sex Partners. - Permanent Partner Immigration Act Hailed by Major Groups Establishes Equality in Immigration for Gay Men & Lesbians. - Partner's Immigration Resources.

Down Under, More Gay Couples Stand Up to Be Counted.. - The Age: Gay couples' road to recognition fraught with pain. - Canadian Appeals Court Rejects Same-Sex Marriage Claim N/A. 

La reconnaissance du couple homosexuel, normalisation ou révolution symbolique? - Marie - Jo Bonnet, 1998. - Claims gay couples disadvantaged in rural areas N/A. - Queer as Family: The Legal Rights and Responsibilities of Lesbian, Gay, Bi-Sexual and Transgendered Families in B.C. (PDF Download) - Hospital Ends Spousal Insurance Plan To Avoid Covering Married Gays (Boston) N/A.

Partners Task Force for Gay & Lesbian Couples: Table of Contents: - Marriage - Essays on Legal Marriage. - Freedom to Marry Organizations. - Vermont gay couples tell court why they should be allowed to marry. - Vermont Starts Gay Unions. - Vermont Gives Marital Protections to Lesbian and Gay Couples. - Love Makes A Family: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Their Families.

An Historic Day for Equality Rights in Canada N/A: "At the stroke of noon today the government of Canada changed the way gay couples in this country can view  themselves and be viewed by others forever."  - New Laws for Gay Couples (Canada): "The Canadian government is calling for sweeping changes to dozens of laws to ensure that same-sex couples will be treated the same as heterosexual common-law couples." - Supreme Court ruling redefines family. - Gay couples win rights: "They're entitled to the same spousal support as common-law couples, top court rules. - Common law is just too common: When measuring equality, it matters who you're equal to. - Queer News Aotearoa: Lesbian Couples Reject Equality. - Same-sex marriage in Canada. - The Supreme Court and same-sex marriage. - Same-Sex Marriage Advances In Canada.

Gay Couples Marry in Massachusetts. - Unmarried gay couples lose health benefits: "Many of the state's largest employers are dropping health benefits for unmarried gay couples, seven months after Massachusetts became the only state to legalize same-sex marriage." - Divorcing gay couples create new legal issues: Alimony, property questions have even lawyers confused. -  NJ gay couples get civil unions.- For Gay Couples, Ruling Has a Cash Value. - WA gay couples line up to register as domestic partners. - Civil limits in Vermont: Gay couples learn that union isn't the same as marriage. - Alaska Provides Benefits to Same-Sex Partners. - Alimony provides a same-sex union test. - Gay couples allowed to have fairytale weddings. - ‘Fairy Tales’ now come true for gay couples at Disney. - Colombia Gives Gay Couples Same Rights As Marriage.

Are same-sex couples in Europe accepted? "The EU is becoming ever more integrated, yet there is a big disparity between homosexual rights in member states. Here is a look at the situation from Oslo to Belgrade..." - Spain gives gay couples right to wed. - Italian city grants gay couples limited rights. - Gay couples win full rights to 'marriage'. - Why thousands of gay and lesbian couples are entering civil partnerships (UK). - Dutch gay couples' rights same as heterosexual pairs. - 50,000 gay couples in the Netherlands. - The Registered Partnership Act: Denmark. (Related Information) - Eigil Axgil, half of the first legally married gay couple in the world, died Sept. 22 at the age of 73.

Marriage and Living Together. - Who's in a Long Term Relationship? - at least 70% of gay men, maybe 80-90%, aren't. - Free love & marriage: A look at how non-monogamy can work. - The joy & agony of non-monogamy: Why one man sometimes just isn't enough. - A year after their wedding, gay couple works hard to stay together. - Gay Marriage? Absolutely! - Jews and Alternative Lifestyles: A Halakhic Proposition for the Orthodox Jew (An essay specifically addressing the religious, social, and legal issues that are of concern to lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals seeking marriage commitments within the Jewish community). - Gay Marriage: The Arguments and the Motives.

No Sex, Please, We’re Gay Teens:... The GLBT movement is seriously failing queer young people in matters of sex.... Young queer people today are growing up in a world where gay and mainstream culture give them mixed signals about sexuality and sexual behavior. The two historical circumstances that made growing up gay so unique for those born in the mid-1980s and after—the fight for marriage equality and the AIDS epidemic—are also making it almost impossible to have informed, healthy, and sane discussions about sexual desire and sexual activity. That’s because in recent years the clanging of wedding bells and the insistent bad news about HIV transmission (much of it fueled by anti-gay hysteria in the mainstream media) has distorted how the gay and lesbian community talks about sex. Over the past five years, safe sex education, seen from the mostly gay-run AIDS non-profits, has shifted from promoting healthy sexuality and sexual behavior to the “be afraid to have sex” scare tactics of the 1980s. Moreover, the fight for marriage equality—and the elevation of marriage as the idealized pinnacle of appropriate and healthy homosexuality—has moved front and center in gay politics and, to a large degree, in the imaginations of young gay people, much to their detriment...  In almost all the community discussion of marriage equality, the word “sex”—even the idea of “sex”—is glaringly absent...  The connection between AIDS and marriage here is not incidental or accidental. When the AIDS epidemic exploded, one of the first responses to it, both within and outside the queer community, was to urge gay men to stop having sex and to enter into monogamous relationships. Even after the specifics of AIDS transmission became known, much AIDS education focused on curtailing sexual experience altogether. For many gay male commentators, such as Larry Kramer, Bruce Bawer, and Gabriel Rotello, the curtailment of sexual activity was the only “cure” for the AIDS epidemic. ..  Most of us—excluding a significant part of the religious right, which favors abstinence-only sex- ed—know that people get better at sex not only by having a range of sexual experiences, often with different people, but also by thinking and talking about sex. That is the conversation that gay men and lesbians as a community are not having and that is being stifled by the power and the enormous consequence that the same-sex marriage debate—drained of sex—has assumed in our politics and lives.

Analysis: Gay marriage around the globe. - Homosexual (same-sex) marriages. - With This Ring: Discussion On Gay Marriage. -  Just Couples, NYC  A social and support group of gay and lesbian committed relationships. - Couples National Network. - Legally married couples versus gay/lesbian couples. - Should Gay Couples Be Allowed to Marry? - Gerald Ford: Treat gay couples equally. - Gay Marriage/Same-Sex Unions in Modern European States. - Pension ruling benefits gay couples (UK).

Against Marriage and Motherhood. -  Des dangers de la reconnaissance légale du couple homosexuel [Some dangers related to the legal recognition of gay couples]. - The taming of queers: Society gives a stamp of approval to homo relationships. - Singles of the world unite!  Couples' rights don't help poor or elderly  homos. - Who are you? Xtra readers sleep around. - Alternatives to Marriage Project. - Give Federalism a Chance: The case for same-sex marriage. - Top twelve reasons homosexual marriage should not be legal. - Same-Sex Marriage: Crisis in Society, Summons to the Church

The Rod and Bob Jackson-Paris 'model' Couple: The first book - Straight From the Heart: A Love Story. - The dangers of having a 'model' couple: The second book - Bob and Rod by Tom Binachi.The Tyranny of Loving Marriages [and its negative effects on gay males]. - Relationship Institute Gay Lesbian Workshops for Couples. - UCB Parents Therapy & Counseling Recommendations: Lesbian Couples. -Workshop for Couples: Article Listing. - Couples must learn About the Stages of Love. - Workshop for Couples. - A Handbook for Lesbian Couples. - Health of Lesbian and Gay Couples.

Men in Relation - Guys, as men, we have our work cut out for us! N/A - Drawing the Lines: Monogamy/Non-Monogamy Issues Between Gay Men N/A - The Value and Difficulties of Gay Relationships N/A. - Long Distance Relationships N/A - Homophobia's Remnants  - A discussion of Men on Relationships N/ACompletion - Ever ended a relationship without telling him why? N/A. - Fathers Day N/A. - Coming Out to your Kids N/A. (These articles by Thomas Fronczak were located at his web pages.)

Articles by Michael Shernoff: - Male couples and their relationship styles.Gay Male Sexuality: Exploring Intimacy in the Age of AIDS. - We're Having Great Sex, But Are We Happy? - Whoa! Slow Down, Boy! Dating, Romance and the Art of Courting. - Unexamined Loss: An Expanded View of Gay Break-Ups. - Grief and the Triumph of Love. - Gay Marriage and Gay Widowhood. - Gay Grief and Gay Widowers. - Introduction to GAY WIDOWERS: Surviving the Death of A Partner, 1998. - What the “Dutch Study” Really Says About Gay Couples.

Qin P, Agerbo E, Mortensen PB (2003)Suicide risk in relation to socioeconomic, demographic,  psychiatric, and familial factors: a national register-based  study of all suicides in Denmark, 1981-1997.  American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(4):765-72. (Abstract): "...registered [same-sex] partners included as a separate category  in the analysis had an odds ratio of 4.31 (95% CI= 2.23–8.36)  in the crude analysis and 3.63 (95% CI=1.71– 7.67) in analyses with adjustment for other factors in the full model [for having committed suicide compared to opposite-sex married couples]".

Legal Issues: - Nolo Law for All. - Gay/Lesbian Politics and Law: Marriage and Domestic Partnership. - Marriage & Living Together - Legal Encyclopedia - Nolo. - Rainbow Law Newsletter for Gay & Lesbian Couples. - Legal articles related to Gay & Lesbian Couples. - Same-Sex Marriage: A Selective Bibliography of the Legal Literature. - Same-Sex Marriage: A Selective Bibliography of the Legal Literature. - Same Sex Couples: "This section deals with family law and divorce law as they apply to people in same-sex relationships. Because the provincial laws of British Columbia, and many of the federal laws, that affect gay and lesbian relationships are virtually, if not actually, identical to those that affect straight relationships, this section will provide a summary review of these issues from a same-sex perspective. Expanded information on all of the subjects discussed in the section is available elsewhere in this site." - Same Sex Couples Family Law (Ontario). - Researcher notes ironic twist in U.S. approach to same-sex relationships. - Estate Planning: GLBT Couples.

History: - The World History of Male Love. - Male Love Museum. - Paul Halsall: Greek Couples. - Women Loving Women in Herstory. - A history of lesbian unions. - Lesbian and Gay Marriage through History and Culture. - Historical Lesbian Couples. - Same sex marriage in the non-European world.

Search GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Search BGLAD. - Search the QRD. - Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - Search - Search Google Scholar. - Search Google's G:LBT Directory. - MSN Search. - Search many full text articles and papers.

Academic Searches: Search IngentaConnect: The most comprehensive collection of academic and professional publications. - Search Project Muse: Scholarly Journals Online. - Search JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Search The National Library of Medicine.

Institute for the Study of Marriage, Law and Culture (Canada).  - Muslim Canadian Congress endorses Same-Sex Marriage legislation (PDF Download).

Abstracts: - Therapeutic Experiences of Lesbian Couples An Exploratory Qualitative Analysis.  - Relationship Quality in Gay and Lesbian Cohabiting Couples: A 1-Year Follow-Up Study. - The Allocation of Household Labor by Partners in Gay and Lesbian Couples. - A Qualitative Exploration of Resilience in Long-Term Lesbian Couples. - The Experiences of Gay Couples Affected by HIV Infection. - Gay Male Christian Couples and Sexual Exclusivity. - Advance Planning by Same-Sex Couples. - HIV Risk and Protection Among Gay Male Couples: The Role of Gay Community Integration. - An Initial Examination of Maintenance Behaviors in Gay and Lesbian Relationships. - Racial Identity and Relationship Satisfaction in African American Gay Men. - The USA National Lesbian Family Study: Interviews with Mothers of 10-Year-Olds. - Sexual Orientation Identity and Romantic Relationship Quality in Same-Sex Couples

Resources:Librarian Resources: GLBT Families. - The QRD "Domestic Partnership Resources.  - Marriage & Domestic Partnership Resources. - Atlanta Couples Together. - Gay Parenting Resources. - Homosexuality and Catholicism Bibliography: Section VIII: Lesbian and Gay Marriages. - Materials In The Family Resource Connection Library Collection On  Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Issues. - Salon Directory: Same-Sex Marriage. - Alternative Family Magazine. - Proud Parenting Magazine. - SFGate Ame-Sex Marriage Articles. - Honolulu Star-Bulletin: Same-Sex Marriage Articles Online. - Gay and Lesbian COUPLES National Network. - Gay Male and Lesbian Partner Program. - Health-related social control and relationship interdependence among gay couples. - Ebony and ivory: The interracial gay male couple.

Resources: - Gayscape links to "Gay and Lesbian Domestic Partners and Same Sex Marriage" Resources. - The QRD "Family" Resources. - Search many full text articles and papers. - The Ultimate "Planet Out" Guide to Queer Movies (Subject: Relationships). -  The Ultimate "Planet Out" Guide to Queer Movies (Subject: Romance). - PsychPage Resources. - National Gay and Lesbian Task Force: Parenting & Family. - Wikipedia: Same-Sex Marriage. - QueeMarriage.Com. - Same-Sex Marriage Background Information, Documets, Legal Analyses, Commentaries. - Gay Marriage News. - Fighting for Marriage: Online Resources for Advocates.

Finalists for the annual Lambda Literary Awards: 2007, 2006 (Winners), 2005 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 2004 (Winners & Nominees), 2003 (Winners & Nominees), 2002 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 2001 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 2000 (Winners) (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), Must Scroll), 1999 (Winners & Nominees) (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 1998 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 1997 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 1996 (Winners & Nomineesl), 1992-1995 (Winners & Nominees), 1988-1991 (Winners & Nominees). Categories: Anthology - Arts & Culture - Bisexual - Childrens/Young Adult - Drama/Theater - Humor - LGBT Nonfiction - LGBT Studies - Sci-Fi/Fantasy/Horror - Spirituality - Transgender -- Lesbian Fiction - Lesbian Romance - Lesbian Mystery - Lesbian Poetry - Lesbian Memoir/Biography - Lesbian Erotica - Lesbian Debut Fiction -- Gay Fiction - Gay Romance - Gay Mystery - Gay Poetry - Gay Memoir/Biography - Gay Erotica - Debut Gay Fiction.

Lambda Literary Award (Wikipedia): "Lambda Literary Awards (also known as "Lammies") are awarded yearly by the US-based Lambda Literary Foundation to published works which celebrate or explore LGBT themes." Winners from 2002 to 2005 are listed. - Lambda Literary Award Nominees And Winners - Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror: 1989-2002.

Books on Same-Sex Couples / Marriage. - Philosophy Research Base: Same-Sex Marriage Books. - Lesbian and Gay Marriage Resource Site: Recommended Books. - Togetherness Bookstore. - State Library of Massachusetts - Same Sex Marriage Bibliography

Books: - A Legal Guide for Lesbians and Gay Couples, 9th Edition - 1996 - edited by Shae Irving (Abstract) (Table of Contents, Excerpts). - A Legal Guide For Lesbian & Gay Couples (25th Anniversary Ed) 13th Edition - 2005 - by Hayden Curr, Denis Clifford (Author), Frederick Hertz. - Equality for Same Sex Couples: The Legal Recoginition of Gay Partnerships in Europe and the United States - 2002 - by Yuval Merin (Review). - Legal Affairs Essential Advise For Same-Sex Couples - 1998 - by Frank Browning. - Legally Wed: Same-Sex Marriage and the Constitution - 1997 - by Mark Strasser (Review) (Review). - Policy Issues Affecting Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Families - 2006 - by Sean Cahill, Sarah Tobias. - Same-Sex Marriage: The Cultural Politics of Love and Law - 2006 - by Kathleen E. Hull (Review)

Books: - Same-Sex Marriage: the Moral and Legal Debate - 1997 - edited by Robert M. Baird and Stuart E. Rosenbaum (Review). - Same-Sex Marriage, Pro and Con: A Reader - 1997 - edited with an introduction by Andrew Sullivan (Review).- Why Marriage Matters: America, Equality, and Gay People's Right to Marry - 2005 - by Evan Wolfson. - Beyond (Straight and Gay) Marriage: Valuing All Families under the Law - 2008 - by Nancy D. Polikoff. - Same-Sex Marriage and the Constitution - 2007 - by Evan Gerstmann. - The Politics of Same-Sex Marriage - 2007 - edited by Craig A. Rimmerman, Clyde Wilcox. - Same-sex Marriage (Essential Viewpoints) - 2007 - by Patricia M. Stockland.

Books: - Love Makes A Family: Portraits of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Parents and Their Families - 1999 -  edited  by Peggy Gillespie. Preface online. (Love Makes A Family Homepage.) - Social Services for Gay and Lesbian Couples - 1994 - edited by Lawrence A. Kurdek (Table of Contents) (Amazon). - Gay and Lesbian Couples: Voices from Lasting Relationships by Richard A. Mackey, Bernard A. O'Brien, and Eileen F. Mackey (Abstract and Contents)  

Books: - Living Happily Ever After: Couples Talk about Lasting Love - 1996 - by Laurie Wagner, Stephanie Rausser and David Collier (Review). - My Lover is a Woman: Contemporary Lesbian Love Poems - 1996 - edited by Leslea Newman (Abstract). - Same-Sex Love and the Path to Wholeness - 1993 - edited by Robert H. Hopcke, Karin Lofthus Carrington, and Scott Wirth (Review).  - The Song of Songs, a Gay Love Poem by Dr. Paul R. Johnson (translated with commentary) (Review). - The Male Couple: How Relationships Develop by David P. McWhirter and Andrew M. Mattison (Abstract). - Legacies of Love: A Heritage of Queer Bonding - 2007 - by Winston Wilede.

Books: - My Dear Boy: Gay Love Letters through the Centuries - 1999 - edited by Rictor Norton (Abstract) (Review). - Poems Between Women: Four Centuries of Love, Romantic Friendship, and Desire - 1999 - edited by Emma Donoghue (Abstract). - Surpassing the Love of Men: Romantic Friendship and Love Between Women from the Renaissance to the Present - 1998 - by Lillian Faderman (Review). - A Freethinker's Primer of Male Love by John Lauritsen (Review). - Gay Male Christian Couples: Life Stories - 1997 - by Andrew K. T. Yip.. - Dear Friends: American Photographs of Men Together, 1840-1918 - 2005 - by David Deitcher (Review). - Les nouvelles amours particulières - 2005 - de Cyrille Boulay, Henry-Jean Servat. - Same-Sex Unions in Premodern Europe - 1995 - by John Boswell. - Boy Wives and Female Husbands: Studies of African Homosexualities - 1998 - edited by Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe. (Review) (Review) (Review) (Review)

Books: - Lesbian Couples: A Guide to Creating Healthy Relationships - 2000 - by D.Merilee Clunis and G. Dorsey Green.  - Relationship Therapy With Same-Sex Couples - 2004 - edited by Jerry J. Bigner, Joseph L. Wetchler. - Together Forever: The Gay Man's Guide To Lifelong Love - 2005 - by Martin Kantor. Press Release. - Write from the Heart: Lesbians Healing from Heartache - 1996 - edited by Anita L. Pace. - Lesbian Widows: Invisible Grief - 2006 - by Vicky Whipple. - 2nd Time Around - 1996 - by James Earl Hardy). - Couple Therapy with Gay Men - 2002 - by David E. Greenan, Gil Tunnell, David Greenan (Review). - An Introduction to Glbt Family Studies - 2006 - by Jerry J. Bigner. 

Search GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Search BGLAD. - Search the QRD. - Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - Search - Search Google Scholar. - Search Google's G:LBT Directory. - MSN Search. - Search many full text articles and papers.

Academic Searches: Search IngentaConnect: The most comprehensive collection of academic and professional publications. - Search Project Muse: Scholarly Journals Online. - Search JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Search The National Library of Medicine.

Relationships: biological and/or adopted children.

Gay, Lesbian Families to Join American Tradition En Masse.  - Family Issues ARE Important To Our Community. - Lesbian couples 'could have own baby'. - Lesbian and gay parenting: A new family form. - Norway: Children raised by lesbian couples 'aren't disadvantaged'. - Planning gives gay fathers  'head start' over straight dads. - Lesbian couples awarded parental rights. - Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Queer Adoption. - Out In The Mountains: Views - Gay Parenting. - Growing Generations: Families through surrogacy. - Gay Parenting. - Homosexuals' Children Are More Likely to Try Same-Sex Activity. - Gay And Lesbian Adoption, Foster Care (Texas). - Overview of lesbian and gay parenting, adoption and foster care. - Two Gay White Daddies, A Black Adopted Baby and Racism. - Lesbian couples raise well-adjusted teenagers. - I'm A Queer Parent.

Same-Sex Marriage & Parenting. - Same-sex parenting. - Familles homoparentales. - Gay and Lesbian Parenting. - Gay and Lesbian Parenting. - Gay and Lesbian Parents. - Gay and Lesbian Parents. - Gay Parenting Does Affect Children Differently. (Related Information) - Study Finds Strengths in Gay Parenting N/A. - On Becoming a Gay or Lesbian Family. - Lesbian Couples Wanting Children Get Free Advice. - Gay and Lesbian Families in the Census: Couples With Children: two / thousand (PDF Download). - Rosie O'Donnell: Being a Gay Mom. - "Daddy, why are you so old?" - my perspective - obstacles encountered by gay man trying to become a father (Alternate Link). - Nobody does it better: I learn from research, and time spent with Momazons, that gays make the best parents. - A gay man reflects on his decision to become a known donor. - Gay, lesbian parents to line up for Easter Egg Roll tickets. - Lesbian couples to get right to insemination (Sweden). - Look ma, no heteros: gay and lesbian couples could be giving birth to babies genetically related to both same-sex parents if current research pans out. - Partners as parents: challenges faced by gays denied marriage

Kids With Gay Parents. - Coming Of Age With Gay Parents: More And More Children Are Facing The World With Two Moms Or Two Dads. - How kids with gay parents are faring. - Are you a child of a gay or lesbian parent? - Growing up with a gay father. - Le développement des enfants de parents homosexuels comparé à celui des enfants de parents hétérosexuels. - Private Sperm Donor Introductions for Lesbian Couples. (New Site) - Sperm Bank For Lesbian Couples Opens In UK. - Gay couples use surrogates to help grow families. - Adoption, Foster Care, Donor Insemination, Surrogating Parenting Options for Same-Sex Couples. - Another Black Experience: Gay Daddy. - Young Men With Gay Moms: Brothers Josh Graham and Alex Tinker Tell Their Story. - Co-parenting allows Ray Drew to experience the joys of fatherhood. - Gay and lesbian step-parenting

Same-sex couples face unique adoption hurdles.  - Adoption and Foster Care Current Trends: Adoption by Gay and Lesbian Adults and Couples. - Gay & Lesbian Parents: Adoption. - ABCNews: Gay Adoption in America. - Newsnight poll suggests gay couples should be allowed to adopt children (UK). -  Ban on Lesbian and Gay Adoptions Challenged . - Black Lesbians Raising Children: A Tribute To The Lesbian Step Moms. When you're a mommy no more, it can be a lonely time. - Lesbians who came out late in life discuss the changes in their lives. - A tribute to lesbian stepmoms. - Working with Gay and Lesbian Adoptive Parents. - AFC: Gay and Lesbian Issues: Types of Adoption. - Gay and Lesbian Adoptive Parents: Resources for Professionals and Parents. - Bishops to oppose adoption by gays: Exemption bid seen from antibias laws. - Gay and lesbian parents caring for a disabled child.

Our House: A very real documentary about kids of gay and lesbian parents.

Married Gay Men: (New Site) - Coming Out to Your Wife. - What do we tell the kids? - Case Histories. - Gay or Bisexual?

Gay Fathers of Greater Boston: - Coming Out to Our Kids. -  Taking Risks. -  Links to Information on Gay Parenting. - The Key Word in Gay Parenting: Honesty. - Article Listing.

The Lesbian Mom's Web Page. - Creating our famuilies: unique issues for lesbian families. - Lesbian parents raise children despite controversial approach. - Lesbian Mothers' Support Society (Calgary). - Parenting Articles.

Bi Married Men of America's Home.  -  Polyamory: More love for all. - Search: polyamory parenting bisexual gay lesbian.

Biological & Adopted Children: Sexual Orientation of Parents Found not to Influence Sexual Orientation of Children. (First Study to Follow from Childhood to Adulthood Young People Raised in Lesbian Families. (Self-Help & Psychology Magazine). - ACLU Fact Sheet: Overview of Lesbian and Gay Parenting, Adoption and Foster Care. - New report on gay/lesbian parents (PDF Download Page). 

Gay couple adopts in New Jersey.  - Task Force applauds New Jersey gay& lesbian adoption settlement; predicts family issues will be hot topic in 1998 N/A.

Legal: - The Right Of Homosexuals To Adopt: Changing Legal interpretations Of "_blank" And "Family" N/A. - Ireland Calls For Gay Parenting Laws. - Equal Marriage for Same Sex Couples. - California Grants Historic Tax Benefit to Gay Parents. - Latest Ruling On Kids Of Gay Couples In California. - Court grants equal rights to same-sex parents: Breaking up partnerships doesn't end parental obligations. - Sperm donor stops lesbian parents taking their baby abroad (Ireland). - No recognition of gay couples' foreign adoptions: "Adoptions of foreign children by same-sex couples will not be recognised in Australia, under legislation foreshadowed by the Federal Government..." - Adoption By Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Parents: An Overview of Current Law (USA, 2004). - Custody Issues for Gay & Lesbian Parents. - [Michigan] State law vague on gay couples' right to adopt. - Gay Couples Given Adoption Rights In Newfoundland N/A. - Adoption Rights for Gay and Lesbian Couples in Newfoundland and Labrador. - Sweden passes gay adoption law. - Gay Adoption Book (PDF Download). - Same-Sex Couples and their Children in Federal Law (Australia, 2006: Word Download).

Special Issue: Gay and Lesbian Parenting - Abstracts (Journal Of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy, 4-3/4, 2001): And Baby Makes Three:  A dynamic Look at Development and Conflict in Lesbian Families by Lee Crespi. - Lesbian Motherhood:  Restorative Choice or Developmental Imperative?  by Deborah F. Glazer. - Inevitable Disclosure: Countertransference Dilemmas and the Pregnant Lesbian Analyst by Sandra Silverman. - It's a Radical Thing:  A Conversation with April Martin, Ph.D. by Debra Weinstin. - Legal Issues Affecting Alernative Families:  A Therapist’s Primer by Carol Buell. - Families of the Lesbian Baby Boom:  Maternal Mental Health and Child Adjustment by Charlotte J. Patterson. - The Velveteen Father:  An Unexpected Journey to Parenthood by Jesse Green. - The Circle of Liberation:  A Book Review Essay of Jesse Green’s The Velveteen Father:  An Unexpected Journey to Parenthood, by Jack Drescher. - Rodent Angel:  Poems by Debra Weinstein.

Abstracts: - Teachers' Views of Students with Gay or Lesbian Parents. - Lesbian Mothers Living Well in the Context of Heterosexism and Discrimination: Resources, Strategies and Legislative Change. - Lesbian and Gay Parents: Their Experiences of Children's Health Care in Australia. - Stretching performances in education: the impact of gay parenting and activism on identity and school change. - Coming Out of the Family Closet: Stories of Adult Women with LGBTQ Parent(s). - Innocence, Perversion, and Heather's Two Mommies. - Lesbian mothers with planned families: a comparative study of internalized homophobia and social support. - Gay, lesbian, and bisexual foster parents: strengths and challenges for the child welfare system. - Issues of shared parenting of LGBTQ children and youth in foster care: preparing foster parents for new roles. - Children of homosexuals and transsexuals more apt to be homosexual. - The sexual orientation of men who were brought up in gay or lesbian households. - Perceptions of predisposing and protective factors for perinatal depression in same-sex parents. - Children of the closet: a measurement of the anxiety and self-esteem of children raised by a non-disclosed homosexual or bisexual parent.

Abstracts:- Lesbian mothers, gay fathers, and their children: a review. - Reproduction in same sex couples: quality of parenting and child development. - 'Kids are just cruel anyway': lesbian and gay parents' talk about homophobic bullying. - What was really learned from Tasker and Golombok's (1995) study of lesbian and single parent mothers? - Outcomes for children with lesbian or gay parents. A review of studies from 1978 to 2000. - Working with families having parents who are gay or lesbian. - Therapy with lesbian and gay parents and their children. - For the love of the children: the coming out process for lesbian and gay parents and stepparents. - The description of gay and lesbian families in second-parent adoption cases. - Differences Between Heterosexual-Nonparent Couples and Gay, Lesbian, and Heterosexual-Parent Couples. - Caring for Lesbian Couples who Miscarry. - Seeking Sperm: Accounts of Lesbian Couples’ Reproductive Decision-Making and Understandings of the Needs of the Child. - Social Support and Functioning of Nuclear Families Headed by Lesbian Couples. - Rozzie and Harriet? Gender and Family Patterns of Lesbian Coparents. - Lesbian Mothrehood: Negotiating Marginal-Mainstream Identities

Articles / Papers: -  Doin' the Baby Dance. - Trials of Queer Parenting. - Le développement des enfants de parents homosexuels comparé à celui des enfants de parents hétérosexuels, par DaniellE Julien, Monique Dubé et Isabelle Gagnon, Revue québécoise de psychologie, vol. 15, n°3, 1994. - Gay Men Choosing to be Fathers by Michael Shernoff. (Alternate Link) -  A coming out guide for gaydads. - Coming out to children: guidelines for fathers. - Gay Fathers of Rhode Island. - Le mari de papa (Dad's husband). - The Cultural Necessity of Queer Families. - No Comparative Context: Historical and literary perspectives on lesbians of color raising children by Canéla A.Jaramillo (1998) First presented as a paper to the Being Queer! Reading Queer! Conference University of Colorado at Boulder. - Lesbian and Gay Parenting by Arlene Istar Lev.

Articles: - Update on the National Fight to Win Freedom to Marry: From the Lambda Legal Defense andEducation Fund. - The Uphill March Down the Aisleto "I Do"  - Authenticity’s Wedding Questionnaire. - Kids with gay parents. - Excerpts from Making Love Visible: in Celebration of Gay and Lesbian Families. - Study Shows Lesbian Couples Raise Psychologically Healthy Children. - Article Listing. - Association des Parents Gays et Lesbiens: - Articles related to gay and lesbian parenting issues - Many in French. - Family Pride Coalition

Search GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Search BGLAD. - Search the QRD. - Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - Search - Search Google Scholar. - Search Google's G:LBT Directory. - MSN Search. - Search many full text articles and papers.

Academic Searches: Search IngentaConnect: The most comprehensive collection of academic and professional publications. - Search Project Muse: Scholarly Journals Online. - Search JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Search The National Library of Medicine.

Resources: - APA: Lesbian and Gay Parenting. - Gay and Lesbian Parenting Resources (Must Select) N/A. - Children of Lesbians and Gays Everywhere (A support & advocacy group). - (UK): See "parenting." - Parejas Gay Latinas.  - Internet Directory of Gaydads, Gay Stepdads and Gaydad Wannabes. - Family Pride Canada. - Articles and Book Chapters on Lesbian and Gay Parenting. - Gay & Lesbian Resources: Adoption. - LGBT Parenting Network (Toronto).  - your one-stop resource for gay and lesbian parents or gays and lesbians interested in becoming parents -- through adoption, surrogacy, in vitro, egg donors, sperm donors, etc.. Article List. - The Gay Parenting Page. - Wikipedia: GLBT Parenting

Resources: - Gayscape's Resources: Family issues for Gay, Lesbian and Bisexuals. -'s Same-Sex Adoption. & Parenting. & Children of GLBT Parents. - Parenting & Family Resources. - Search the QRD. - Search many full text articles and papers. - Gayscape: Adoption. - Gay parent Magazine Online. - Alternative Family Institute. - Links for the Married Gay Man. - Gay Married Men Association (GAMMA) Home Page: - Internet Resources. - PsychPage Resources. - COLAGE - Children of Lesbians and Gays Everywhere (USA). -  Association des pères gais de Montréal. - Association des mères lesbiennes de Montreal.  - GLBTQ: Parenting

Trans-Racial Queer Families by Arlene (Ari) Istar Lev . "Even after 25 years of anti-racism activism, I did not realize how much white privilege I had until it was revoked. I had lived By my rather queer life in a mixed race and alternative Jewish community, and many of my close friends were parents. I naively thought that within the confines of my alternative lifestyle my family would be bell-curve normatively queer. I was not prepared for the multiple levels of issues that trans-racial queer adoption would raise, even for the most progressive of my friends." Excerpt continues at This is an except from “No Place Like Home” published inn Jess Wells (Ed.) HomeFronts: Controversies in the Nontraditional Parenting Community LA: Alyson Publications. (2000).

Bibliographies: - Books on Gay and Lesbian Parenting. - APA References on Lesbian and Gay Parenting. - Philosophy Research Base: Same-Sex Parents Books. - Gay & Lesbian Parenting Books.  - Rainbow Reading: gay and lesbian characters and themes in children's books. - Gay Adoption Reading List for Gay/Lesbian Parents. - Gay and Lesbian Parents Bibliography. - Gay and Lesbian Families Annotated Bibliography. - Research Bibliography on Children of LGBT Parents.

Books: - We Are Family: Testimonies of Lesbian and Gay Parents by Turan Ali (Review). - The Lesbian Parenting Book: A Guide to Creating Families and Raising Children - 1995 - edited by D. Merilee Clunis, G. Dorsey Green (Contributor), Merilee Clunis (23 Sample Pages). - The Queer Parent's Primer: A Lesbian and Gay Families' Guide to Navigating Through a Straight World - 2001 - by Stephanie A. Brill (12 Sample Pages). - The Lesbian and Gay Parenting Handbook: Creating and Raising Our Families - 1993 - by April, Ph.D. Martin (23 Sample Pages). - Issues in Gay and Lesbian Adoption - 1995 - edited by Ann Sullivan. - Lesbians and Gays in Couples and Families: A Handbook for Therapists - 1996 - edited by Joan Laird and Robert-Jay Green. - The Complete Lesbian and Gay Parenting Guide - 2004 - by  Arlene Istar Lev. - Gay & Lesbian Parenting Choices: From Adopting or Using a Surrogate to Choosing the Perfect Father - 2007 - by Brette McWhorter Sember. - Interventions With Families of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, And Transgender People: From the Inside Out - 2007 - edited by Jerry J. Bigner, Andrew R. Gottlieb. - Why Marriage?: The history shaping today's debate over gay equality - 2006 - by George Chauncey.

Books: - Lesbian Motherhood in Europe edited by Kate Griffin and Lisa A. Mulholland (Abstract) (Amazon). - Lesbian Mothers: Accounts of Gender in American Culture by Ellen Lewin (Review) (Amazon). - Lesbians and Lesbian Families - 1999 - by Joan Laird (Review comments & Table of Contents). - Lesbian and Gay Fostering and Adoption: Extraordinary Yet Ordinary - 1998 - edited by Stephen Hicks, Janet McDermott. - The Essential Guide to Lesbian Conception, Pregnancy, and Birth - 2002 - by Kim Toevs, Stephanie A. Brill. - The Ultimate Guide to Pregnancy for Lesbians: How to Stay Sane and Care for Yourself from Pre-conception through Birth, 2nd Edition - 2005 - by Rachel Pepper. - For Lesbian Parents - 2001 - by Suzanne M. Johnson, Elizabeth O'Connor (15 Sample Pages). - The Family of Woman: Lesbian Mothers, Their Children, and the Undoing of Gender - 2004 - by Maureen Sullivan. - Making Babies: Is There a Right to Have Children? - 2002 - by Mary Warnock (Review).

Books: - Getting Simon: Two Gay Doctors' Journey to Fatherhood - 1995 - by Kenneth B. Morgen (8 Sample Pages). - The Velveteen Father: An Unexpected Journey to Parenthood - 2000 - by Jesse Green (26 Sample Pages). - Gay Fathers: Encouraging the Hearts of Gay Dads and Their Families - 2000 - by Robert L. Barret, Bryan E. Robinson. - One Dad, Two Dads, Brown Dad, Blue Dads - 1994 - by Johnny Valentine. Illustrated by Melody Sarecky (Review) (Amazon). - The Gay Baby Boom: The Psychology of Gay Parenthood - 2002 - by Suzanne M. Johnson, Elizabeth O'Connor (Review). - Adoption and Foster Care by Lesbian and Gay Parents in the United States - 2007 - by Gary Gates, Lee M.V. Badgett, Jennifer Ehrle Macomber, Kate Chambers. 

Books: - Families of Value: Gay and Lesbian Parents and Their Children Speak Out - 1998 - by Jane Drucker (Abstract). - Growing Up in a Lesbian Family: Effects on Child Development - 1997 - by Fiona L. Tasker & Susan Golombok (Review). - Waiting for the Call: From Preacher's Daughter to Lesbian Mom - 2007 - by Jacqueline Taylor. - Lesbian Families' Challenges And Means of Resiliency: Implications of Feminist Family Therapy - 2007 - edited by Anne M. Prouty Lyness. - Out of the Ordinary: Essays on Growing Up With Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Parents - 2000 - edited by Noelle Howey, Ellen Samuels, Margarethe Cammermeyer, Dan Savage (Preface) (29 Sample Pages). - What About the Children? Sons and Daughters of Lesbian and Gay Parents Talk about Their Lives - 1996 - by Lisa Saffron (Review). - Families Like Mine: Children of Gay Parents Tell It Like It Is - 2005 - by Abigail Garner. - How It Feels to Have a Gay or Lesbian Parent: A Book by Kids for Kids of All Ages - 2004 - by Judith E. Snow.

Search GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Search BGLAD. - Search the QRD. - Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - Search - Search Google Scholar. - Search Google's G:LBT Directory. - MSN Search. - Search many full text articles and papers.

Academic Searches: Search IngentaConnect: The most comprehensive collection of academic and professional publications. - Search Project Muse: Scholarly Journals Online. - Search JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Search The National Library of Medicine.

Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence in the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, & Transgendered Community: Stats & Facts. - Reports of LGBT Domestic Violence on the Rise. - Lesbian and gay domestic violence in the U.S. - Rise seen in UK gay domestic violence. - 1 in 3 homosexuals victims of domestic violence: report. - Boston Survey Suggests Gay Domestic Abuse Prevalent. - New study shows urban gay men as likely to be battered as heterosexual women. - Same-Sex Partner Violence in Gay, Lesbian, Biseuxual and Transgendered Communities (Overview: PowerPoint Download). - Domains of Abuse within Lesbian and Gay Relationships. - Lesbian Battery - Facts and statistics. - Lesbian Partner Violence Fact Sheet. - Personal stories of domestic violence in same sex relationships. - Same-Sex Relationships: "Sexual and domestic violence is not just a phenomenon of male supremacy over women but is also used as a tool of control and domination by women over other women and men over other men. .." - Findings from the National Violence against Women Survey, July 2000.

Domestic Violence in Gay and Lesbian Couples. - On another domestiv-violence front: LGBT battering. - Domestic violence and same sex violence. - Domestic Violence in Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Relationships. - Same-Sex Battering: At Issue: Homophobia in Society. - Domestic violence within the les/bi/gay communities is often viewed as part of the queer culture N/A. - The Second Closet: Are you in an Abusive Relationship? - Domestic Violence & The GLBT Community: You Don't Have To Suffer Alone. - Domestic Violence in Gay and Lesbian Couples. - Abusive relationships. - Bold new forum brings domestic violence home. - Finding Safety and Support: Battered lesbians or gay men. - Anti-Gay Group Attacks Domestic Violence Law in Court. - La violence dans les relations lesbiennes Information et ressources. - La réalité de la violence dans les relations lesbiennes. - La violence conjugale chez les couples de même sexe.

Gay-on-Gay Violence. - Gay men and domestic violence. - Domestic abuse among gay couples is ‘hidden menace’. - Study Says 1 in 4 Gay Men Suffer Spousal Abuse N/A. - Third of gay men victims of domestic violence. - Domestic Violence In Gay Male Relationships. - Breaking the silence about battery. - Abusive Behaviors and HIV. - Survivor Stories. - At the end of the Rainbow: A Report on Gay Male Domestic Violence and Abuse - 1997 - by  Mark Lehman (Word 97 Download N/A) (PDF Download) - Domestic Violence Programme - Gay Men's Empowerment Group N/A. - Gay Partner Abuse Project (Toronto) N/A. - Gay domestic violence. - Domestic violence and gay men. - The Gay Man & Family Violence. - Florida Judge Denies Protection from Domestic Violence: Refuses Restraining Order to Keep a Male Partner Distant. - Men who beat the men who love them (Word Download N/A). - Behind closed doors: domestic violence - gay domestic violence. - Screams In A Vacuum

Breaking The Silence: Sociologist Studies Woman-to-Woman Sexual Violence. - Outing Lesbian Domestic Violence. - Violence Within Lesbian Couples. - Abuse in lesbian relationships. - Intra-lesbian Violence. -  Lesbian Gay Domestic Violence Issues. - Fact Sheet: Lesbian Partner Violence. - NOW LDEF to Study Same-Sex Violence. - The Crime that Dare Not Speak Its Name: Lesbian Rape. - When the Rape Survivor is a lesbian. - Lesbian domestic violence. - Opening the Door on Lesbian Violence (Herizons). - Domestic Violence in Lesbian Relationships.

Domestic Violence in LGBT Communities: "Domestic violence occurs in all types of relationships regardless of race, national origin, sexual orientation, or socio-economic status... Special Issues in LGBT Domestic Violence: "Many aspects of LGBT domestic violence are similar to those experienced by heterosexual victims. However, perpetrators in LGBT relationships often attempt highly specific forms of abuse based on identity and community dynamics, including:..."

Why Serve Trans or Intersex Survivors? - When Love Gets Rough. - An Interview with Gary Bowen (Coordinator-in-chief of The American Boyz). - Trans and Intersex Survivors of Domestic Violence: Defining Terms, Barriers, & Responsibilities

Activists try to stem gay domestic abuse: "One reason the gay community balks at confronting abuse among its own members is that gays already face special problems such as HIV and discrimination, says Letellier. Publicizing abuse, he says, would be "airing dirty laundry."- San Francisco grapples with gay domestic violence: "They feel embarrassed and ashamed in airing any more dirty laundry to any enemies that would undermine what we already have." - The gay community's dirty secret - domestic violence - is finally coming out of the closet: "What about resistance from the gay and lesbian community who don't want their dirty laundry aired in public?  Definitely. Straight battered women have tremendous shame and denial, and the same thing is felt on a community-wide basis for gay people. Added to that is the sense of not wanting to increase the negative attention and attacks and pressure the gay community already feels itself under from the outside." - Patrick Letellier: Bringing Gay Domestic Abuse Out of the Closet. - Letting Out the Secret: Violence in Lesbian Relationships

Greg Louganis Breaks the Surface: Former Olympian Tells His Story [Includes the story of a relationship in which he was being abused.] - Related Book: Breaking the Surface by Greg Louganis. - Big Boys Don`t Cry Rape: "gay men were six times more likely to suffer adult sexual abuse or rape." - Screams in a Vaccum: (Alternate Link) "Perhaps the most significant difference is the community's invalidation. Unlike mainstream's recognition and response to battered women the gay community has responded to its battered gay men with denial and silence. Community leaders ave stated there is "no problem" while correspondingly and not surprisingly support services remain virtually non-existent." - Survey Finds Homosexuals Rarely Report Domestic Violence. - Domestic Violence in Puerto Rican Gay Male Couples. - Domestic violence and sexual coercion: HIV risk among Puerto Rican gay males.

Australia Extends Domestic Violence Provisions to Lesbian and Gay Immigrants N/A. - Recognizing GLB domestic violence in Australia. 

Same-sex domestic violence (Contents):  - Battering in Intimate Relationships: lesbian and gay  partners are in double jeopardy. - Myths about lesbian and gay domestic violence. - Queer Asian Women and Domestic Violence: A Contradiction in Terms? - Dometic Violence Report (1997). - Annual Report on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual,Transgender Domestic Violence (1998) - Lesbian, Gay, Transgender And Bisexual (LGTB) Domestic Violence In New York City (2000 Edition): A Report Of The New York City Gay And Lesbian Anti-Violence Project. (PDF Download) - HELP! I'm Married to An Alcoholic! - Protocol Manual - Domestic Violence Service Needs of the GLBT Community - Calgary, Alberta N/A. - Same sex domestic violence: Violence can also occur in lesbian and gay relationships. - What Blocked Heterosexual Women and Lesbians in Leaving Their Abusive Relationships

Hold Tight / Tight Hold: - Men - Women. - The Broken Rainbow Web Site. (Broken Rainbow Conference Report: PDF Download) - Dating violence among gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents: results from a community survey: Abstract. - Battering victimization among a probability-based sample of men who have sex with men: Abstract. - Abuse in Lesbian Relationships & Lesbian Friendly Service: A Saskatchewan Survey (2001-2002). - Inter-Racial Same-Sex Abuse: The Vulnerability of Gay Men of Asian Descent in Relationships with Caucasian Men.

Abstracts from a Special Issues of the Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services (Vol 4-1, 1996): Shattering Illusions: Same-Sex Domestic Violence (Pam Elliot: 1-8). - Theoretical Perspectives: - Ruling the Exceptions: Same-Sex Battering and Domestic Violence Theory (Gregory S. Merrill: 9-21). - Definition of Roles in Abusive Lesbian Relationships (Becky Marrujo, Mary Kreger: 22-33). - A Survey of Factors Contributing to Gay and Lesbian Domestic Violence (Ned Farley: 35-42). - Persons of Color: - Lesbians of Color and the Domestic Violence Movement (Charlene M. Waldron: 43-51). - Serving Gays and Lesbians of Color Who Are Survivors of Domestic Violence (Juan M. Mendez: 53-9). - Providing Services: - The Poverty of Services for Battered Lesbians (Claire M. Renzetti: 61-8). - Twin Epidemics: Domestic Violence and HIV Infection Among Gay and Bisexual Men (Patrick Letellier: 69-81). - Intervention in Gay Male Intimate Violence Requires Coordinated Efforts on Multiple Levels (L. Kevin Hamberger: 83-91). - Couple Assessment: Identifying and Intervening in Domestic Violence in Lesbian Relationships (Arlene Istar: 93-106). - Clinical Models for the Treatment of Gay Male Perpetrators of Domestic Violence (Dan Byrne: 107-116).

Articles and Resources from N/A:  Domestic Abuse at 25% Among Gay Couples. - Gay Rape. - Domestic Violence in the Gay Community. - Documentarian Profiles Men who Murder Gays.Gay Domestic Violence Is Underreported.Truths about Abuse from CUAV.  -  When Enough of Us Say 'No'.Directory of Resouces.  - Men Overcoming Violence. - Myths, Facts of Domestic Violence. - Gay Men Surveyed on Domestic Violence. - GLBT Health: Domestic Violence.

Articles / Papers: - Domestic Violence in Lesbian Relationships (This was written as the final paper for the class "Dynamics and Impact of Domestic Violence, ALDAC 295" at Bellevue Community College, November 26, 1990). - The Second Closet: Domestic Violence in Lesbian and Gay Relationships: A Western Australian Perspective by Lee Vickers (Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law). - Same-Sex Male Relationships Under the Threat of  "Masculinity". - Why An "Intimacy Group" For Gay Men? (Self-Help & Psychology Magazine). - Loving Against the Odds. (Self-Help & Psychology Magazine). - This Issue in Aware: The Same Yet Different: "In this issue of Aware, we look at family violence in LGBT relationships with articles on abuse in gay male partnerships, lesbian relationships, relationships in which one partner is transgender, and partnerships in which race/colour/ethnicity/culture is a factor."

Domestic Violence in Gay and Lesbian Couples. - Violence in Lesbian and Gay Relationships: Theory, Prevalence, and Correlational Factors (Study Review). - Gay men's domestic violence: Where do we go from here? - GLBT Domestic Violence Screening Tool Conference. - Few Laws Help Gays in Cases of Domestic Violence. - States Address ‘Invisible Epidemic’ of Gay Domestic Violence (PDF Download). - Raising Our Voices: Queer Asian Women's Response to Relationship Violence.

Search GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Search BGLAD. - Search the QRD. - Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - Search - Search Google Scholar. - Search Google's G:LBT Directory. - MSN Search. - Search many full text articles and papers.

Academic Searches: Search IngentaConnect: The most comprehensive collection of academic and professional publications. - Search Project Muse: Scholarly Journals Online. - Search JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Search The National Library of Medicine.

Resources: - Rainbow GLBT Domestic Violence. -'s Same-Sex Domestic Violence. - Gay-on-Gay Violence Resource Listing. - Gay Men's Domestic Violence Project. - About.Com. - Domestic Violence in Gay and Lesbian Relationships - Another Closet. - Domestic Violence. - Domestic Violence Arareness Resources. - Asian and Pacific Islander LBT women: Domestic Violence Information / Resources

Resources: - Gayscape's "Domestic Violence" Links. - Search the QRD. - Search many full text articles and papers. - PsychPage Resources. - Lesbian Sexual Assault, Rape and LGBTQ Domestic Violence Resources. - The L.A. Gay & Lesbian Center’s STOP Domestic Violence services.  - The Network: La Red. - The NYC Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer (LGBTQ) Domestic Violence Taskforce. - Resources for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender People Experiencing Domestic Violence (PDF Download). 

Bibliographies / Resources:- CUAV. - Brian Short, - SafetyNet  - Lesbians and Domestic Violence in the USA: Multicultural and General Biliography. - Amazon Books.  - Lesbian battering & sexual violence bibliography

Books: - Lesbians Talk: Violent Relationships - 1995 - by Joelle Taylor and Tracey Chandler (Abstract) (Amazon). - Men who beat the men who love them by Island & Letellier (excerpt) ( Reference). - Same-Sex Domestic Violence: Strategies for Change - 1999 - edited by Beth Leventhal and Sandra E. Lundy ( Reference). - Sexual assault in the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Tansgendered Communities (by Arlene Istar Lev and Sundance Lev). In. Joan C. McClennen and J. Gunther (Eds.) 1999. A Professional Guide to Understanding Gay and Lesbian Domestic Violence: Understanding Practice Interventions. - Violence in Gay And Lesbian Domestic Partnerships - 1996 - edited by Claire Renzetti and Charles Harvey Miley.

Books: - Same-Sex Domestic Violence: Strategies for Change  - 1999 - edited by Beth Leventhal and Sandra Lundy (Abstract). - No More Secrets: Violence in Lesbian Relationships - 2002 - by Janice L. Ristock (Paper by author: "Exploring dynamics of abusive lesbian relationships: preliminary analysis of a multisite, qualitative study." 2003: Abstract) (Why do lesbians batter? N/A An Interview with Janice Ristock: Alternate Link) (Amazon). - Woman-To-Woman Sexual Violence: Does She Call It Rape? (The Northeastern Series on Gender, Crime, and the Law) by Lori B. Girshick. - Violent Betrayal: Partner Abuse in Lesbian Relationships -1992 - by Claire M. Renzetti. - Naming the Violence: Speaking Out About Lesbian Battering - 1986 - edited by Kerry Lobel. - Sexuality and the Politics of Violence and Safety - 2003 - by Les Moran.

Search GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Search BGLAD. - Search the QRD. - Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - Search - Search Google Scholar. - Search Google's G:LBT Directory. - MSN Search. - Search many full text articles and papers.

Academic Searches: Search IngentaConnect: The most comprehensive collection of academic and professional publications. - Search Project Muse: Scholarly Journals Online. - Search JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Search The National Library of Medicine.

Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - The "Proteus" Super-Search System is recommended (See also Proteus Original). - Best Search Engine on Proteus is: Google!  If you are searching for a string of word together, such as a title, forget not to place what is sought in quotation marks. Example: "Death by Denial". - Bing Search by MSN is also a good search engine. For all types of search engines, see Wikipedia listing. - Search the QRD.

  The development of these GLBT information web pages were made possible through the collaboration of Richard Ramsay (Professor, Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary) and Pierre Tremblay (independent researcher, writer, and GLBT children and youth advocate) who both recognize that often needed social changes occur as the result of knowledge availability and dissemination. Additional Information at: Warning, Acknowledgments, Authors.

These GLBTQ Info-Pages were located at the University of Southampton from 2000 to 2003, this being the result of a collaboration with Dr. Chris Bagley, Department of Social Work Studies, University of Southampton.

Graphics are compliments of Websight West. The Synergy Centre donated computer/Internet time to facilitate the construction of this GLBT information site. Both are owned by a Chris Hooymans, a friend, and former publisher of a gay & lesbian magazine in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Chris continues to offer his expertise whenever needed and he has supplied, free of charge, the hosting of the site - Youth Suicide Problems: A Gay / Bisexual Male Focus - where a smaller - GLBTQ Education Section - and the Internet Resource Page for this subject ( is located.

Computer time was also supplied by Rick Reist & Glenn Lynas, and Glenn also supplied other forms of assistance.

Many thanks to Wendy Stephens from The Department of Communications Media, University of Calgary.  She communicated with publishers of many academic journals (an ongoing time-consuming process) for permission to reproduce abstracts from papers and studies on these GLBT information web pages.


The information made available on this web page does not represent all the relevant information available on the Internet, nor in professional journals and in other publications.

This web page was constructed to supply a spectrum of information for individuals seeking to understand one or more of the many gay, lesbian, bisexual, queer and transgender issues.

Site Index
Your Help Would be Appreciated