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Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual & Trangender Suicidality

Papers & Documents on the Internet

Two Studies Are Re-Analysed by Plöderl et al., (2013) In The Published Study: "Suicide Risk and Sexual Orientation: A Critical Review."
Conclusion: Sexual Minority Adolescents Are At Greater Risk for Dying by Suicide. The Expanded Analysis Related to This Study is Available!

"While interventions aimed at addressing suicide risk factors for all youth are being implemented and many have proven effective in the general population, no evidence- based intervention currently exists to reduce suicide risk within [the LGBT] population." Marshall A (2016). Suicide Prevention Interventions for Sexual & Gender Minority Youth: An Unmet Need. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 89: 205-213. PDF Download.

A World First! - - Jacobs R, Morris S (2016). National LGBTI Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Strategy: A New Strategy for Inclusion and Change: An Australian Government initiative. Related Article. Document PDF Download.

Sent(a)Mental Project - A Memorial to GLBTIQA Suicides / Final Version (2009)

Talking About Suicide & LGBT Populations (2011): Suggestions & Recommendations.

Feds support new national LGBT youth suicide prevention task force (USA, 2010)

Related: 1, 2, 3. Notes of Caution / Warnings: 1, 2 (Paragraphs 7-9), 3, 4.
Will it be white racist GLBT suicide prevention? - To be Ignored: Two Spirit Youth? GLBT Street Youth?
Will these GB adolescent males also be ignored as it was done by HIV/AIDS Prevention Researchers?

To Effectively Address a Serious Problem, Good to Know How It Developed. Related Paper.
A Department of Silence: Bullying of LGBT youth not a priority (2010).
Shutting LGBT Students Out: How Current Anti-Bullying Policies Fail America’s Youth (2011)
LGBT youth suicide reports show need for more studies (2011).

Jamie Hubley, Gay 15-Year-Old Ottawa, Canada (2011). Related: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
"I hate being the only open gay guy in my school… It f***ing sucks, I really want to end it. Like all of it, I not getting better
theres 3 more years of highschool left, Iv been on 4 different anti -depressants, none of them worked. I’v been depressed since january,
How f***ing long is this going to last. People said “It gets better”. Its f***ing bull****. I go to see psychologist,
What the f*** are they suppost to f***ing do? All I do is talk about problems, it doesnt make them dissapear?? I give up."
Gay teens 'terrorized' in Canada's schools (2009, Study). Related: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
It Gets Better Project. - Related Thesis. - The “It Gets Better Campaign”: An unfortunate use of queer futurity.
Why should LGBTQ students have to wait for it to get better? We have the power to make it better now.
School should not be about survival. PDF.
Jamey Rodemeyer Suicide (2011): 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
Anti-gay bullying leads to another tragic teen suicide (2011): Nicholas Kelo Jr... was 13 years old.
It is unknown as to whether or not Nick was gay, but that did not stop his bullies or their attacks... 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

Gay teen Lance Lundsten's death ruled a suicide (2011): 1, 2, 3.
New study shows that before things “get better,” there are consequences.
Make It Better Project (2011). - Does it ever really get better? (2011)
Negative gay community description, with the white racism missing.
The 2011 University GLB Student Suicidality & Deliberate Self-Injury Alert!

Author Keith Boykin's new book (2011: Amazon: 2012 - Reviews: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 - Interview):
For Colored Boys Who Have Considered Suicide When The Rainbow Is Still Not Enough
43 Percent of Black Gay Youth Have Contemplated or Attempted Suicide. Survey Results.

GLBT Papers Made Available Online by Researchers:

Download Pages: Gary RemafediSusan Cochran (Access via "Reprints of Publications"). Gregory M. Herek and others Esther Rothblum. Michael ShernoffMartin Plöderl.

Document Containing the Resources Available for GLBT Adolescent Suicide Prevention in Schools:
SAMHSA (2012). Preventing Suicide: A Toolkit for High Schools. PDF Download.

GLBT Suicidality Related Issues

Adam P (2001). Depression, tentatives de suicide et prise de risque parmi les lecteurs de la presse gay française. Presented at “Vulnerabilite Des Jeunes Gays Et Lesbiennes Et Risque De Suicide: État de la question et pistes de prevention” - Synthèse de la journée d’étude organisée le 17 juillet 2001: N/A. Full Text.

Adam P (2001). Depression, tentatives de suicide et prise de risque parmi les lecteurs de la presse gay française. Presented at “Vulnerabilite Des Jeunes Gays Et Lesbiennes Et Risque De Suicide: État de la question et pistes de prevention” - Synthèse de la journée d’étude organisée le 17 juillet 2001: Full Text N/A. Full Text.

Adolescent Health Research Group (2008). Youth’07: The Health and Wellbeing of Secondary School Students in New Zealand. Technical Report. Auckland: The University of Auckland. Download Page.

Amato L, Halgin R (2009?). Laura's Playground Transgender, Transsexual, HBS, Intersexed Suicide Attempt Survey: Results. Reference. Results.

American Journal of Public Health (June, 2001: 91-6). Special Issues on GLBT. Table of Contents: Full Text. Full Text with all papers available free.

Anderson, Clinton W., et al. (2005). Joint Division 19 and Division 44 Task Force on Sexual Orientation and Military Service: Final report and strategic plan. Washington, DC: APA. Full Text.

Anderson JD (1994). School climate for gay and lesbian students and staff members. Phi Delta Kappan, Oct,151-154. Internet: .

Artiñano, Nestor (2004). El suicidio en jóvenes homosexuales. KAIRÓS, Revista de Temas Sociales, 8(14). PDF. Translation.

Audet PE (2004). La prévention du suicide chez les personnes homosexuelles: Une question de santé mentale: Rapport d’un groupe de réflexion initié par Gai Écoute. Montréal: Gai Écoute. PDF.

Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations (AFAO) (1998). Consultation Report and Sexual Health Strategy. Full Text.

Bagley Chris, D'Augelli Anthony (2000). Editorial: Suicidal behaviour in gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth. BMJ, 320 (June), 1617-1618. - .

Bagley, Chris, and Tremblay, Pierre (2000). Suicidal Crisis and Depression and the Emergence of Homosexual Identity in Young Males. (STAND 2001 Article: PDF Download N/A).

Bagley, Chris, and Tremblay, Pierre (1998). On the prevalence of homosexuality and bisexuality in a random community survey of 750 men aged 18 to 27. The Journal of Homosexuality, 36(2), 1-18. Internet Availability: - .

Bagley, Chris, and Tremblay, Pierre (1997a). Suicidality problems of gay and bisexual males: Evidence from a random community survey of 750 men aged 18 to 27. In Chris Bagley and Richard Ramsay, Eds.. Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents and Adults, 177-193 Aldershot, England: Ashgate. Internet Availability: - .

Bagley, Chris, and Tremblay, Pierre (1997). Suicidal behaviors in homosexual and bisexual males. Crisis, 18(1), 24-34. Abstract. Internet Availability (Alternate version of the paper): - .

Bailey, J Michael (1999). Homosexuality and mental illness. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56(10), 883-4. Internet Availability: - N/A .

Balsam KF, Beauchaine TP, Mickey RM, Rothblum ED (2005). Mental health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and heterosexual siblings: effects of gender, sexual orientation, and family. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114(3):471-6. PubMed Abstract. Full Text. PDF Download.

Beck F, Firdion JM., Legleye S, Schiltz MA (2010). Les minorités sexuelles face au risque suicidaire. Acquis des sciences sociales et perspectives. Saint-Denis : Inpes, coll. Santé en action, 2010 : 112 p. Full Text. Download Page.

Bell AP, and Weinberg MS (1978). Homosexualities: a study of diversity among men & women. Simon and Schuster, N.Y. Research Highlights.

Benbow N (2005). 2003 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) Summary of Results From A Representative Sample of Students From Selected Chicago Public High Schools. PDF Download.

Beyond Blue (2009). Depression and anxiety in gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex people (GLBTI). Australia. PDF Download.

Blumenfeld WJ, Lindop L (1994). GLBT Youth Suicide. Gay, Lesbian & Straight Teachers Network (GLSTN). Full Text. Full Text. Full Text.

Boarts JM (2008). Psychological predictors of health risk behaviors in minority lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered adolescents. PhD. Thesis, Department of Psychology, Jent State University. Download Page. PDF.

Bolton S-L, Sareen J (2011). Sexual Orientation and Its Relation to Mental Disorders and Suicide Attempts: Findings From a Nationally Representative Sample. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 56(1): 35-43. Full Text. Full Text.

Bontempo DE, D’Augelli AR (2002). Effects of at school victimization and sexual orientation on lesbian, gay, or bisexual youths’ health risk behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health, 30(5), 364-374. PubMed AbstractFull Text. Full Text.

Borowsky IW, Resnick MD, Ireland M, Blum RW (1999)Suicide attempts among American Indian and Alaska Native youth: risk and protective factors. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 153(6): 573-80. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Botnick M, Heath K, Martindale S, Schechter M, O'Shaughnessy MV, Bob Hogg (1999). Social determinant of suicide attempts among young men who have sex with men. Paper presented at the 4th Annual AIDS Impact Conference on Bio-psychosocial Aspects of HIV Infection in Ottawa in July 1999. Internet: N/A (Alternate Link) . Related Paper: Botnick MR, Heath KV, Cornelisse PG, Strathdee SA, Martindale SL, Hogg RS (2002). Correlates of suicide attempts in an open cohort of young men who have sex with men. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 93(1): 59-62. Internet:  (PubMed Abstract) PDF Download.

Boulder County Public Health (2008). 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Survey: Boulder & St. Vrain School Districts. PDF Download

Boulder County Public Health (2006). 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey: Boulder & St. Vrain School Districts. PDF Download. Download Page.

Boulder County Public Health (2005). '2003 Youth Risk Behavior Survey: Boulder & St. Vrain School Districts' Section 2: Results by Sexual Orientation (countywide data). Download Page. Downloads: - .

Bradford J, Ryan C, Rothblum ED (1994). National Lesbian Health Care Survey: implications for mental health care. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62(2): 228-42. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Brennan DJ, Ross LE, Dobinson C, Veldhuizen S, Steele LS (2010). Men's sexual orientation and health in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 101(3): 255-8. Abstract. PDF Download. Full Text.

Brown, Graham (1999). Here For Life: An Overview of Some Early Results. Youth Suicide Prevention Bulletin, 3. Australian Institute of Fsamily Studies. Internet: N/A Alternate Link.

Brown, Rhonda (2002). Self Harm and Suicide Risk for Same-Sex Attracted Young People: A Family Perspective. Australian e-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health (AeJAMH), 1(1). Full Text. Full Text.

Browne K (2007). Count Me In Too: LGBT Lives in Brighton & Hove: Initial Findings: Academic Report. PDF Download. Download Page.

Browne K, Lim J (2008). Count Me In Too: LGBT Lives in Brighton & Hove: Mental Health: Additional Findings Report. PDF Download. Download Page.

Buffoli A, Colucci E (2007). Self-harm and suicidal behaviour among young Italian lesbians, gays and bisexuals. Paper presented at the 2007 International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) Conference, Killarney, Ireland. Abstract (Word Download). Related Information: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Cant B (2002). Are They There? Report of Research into Health Issues relating to Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Young People in Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham. Centre for Community Partnership Research, South Bank University, Faculty of Health: Health First. PDF Download.

Carolan F, Redmond S (Youthnet, 2003). ShOut: Research into the Needs of Young People in Northern Ireland Who Identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and/or Transgender (LGBT). Commissioned by the Department of Education. Belfast, Ireland: Youthnet. Internet:  Full Text. Full Text.

Chaffin, Greg W (2003). Sexual Orientation and Youth: The Issue of our Time. The Indiana School Counselor, 13(3): 1-2. Internet: N/A.

Chemin A (2005). Le suicide révèle la souffrance singulière des jeunes homosexuels. Le Monde, September 10. Internet:,1-0@2-3226,36-687413@51-687537,0.html .

Ciszek, Erica (2011). In Our Own Voice: A Narrative Analysis of the It Gets Better Project and Digital Storytelling. PDF.

Clark TC, Robinson E, Crengle S, Herd R, Grant S, Denny S (2008). Te Ara Whakapiki Taitamariki. Youth’07: The Health and Wellbeing Survey of Secondary School Students in New Zealand. Results for Māori Young  People. Auckland: The University of Auckland. Download Page.

Clements-Nolle K, Marx R, Guzman R, Katz M (2001). HIV prevalence, risk behaviors, health care use, and mental health status of transgender persons: implications for public health intervention. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6): 915-21. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Cochand P, Dennler G, Weber O (2002). Perception du système de soins par les jeunes hommes homosexuels. Revue Médicale Suisse, 615, 27/03/2002. Full Text.

Cochand P, Moret P, Singy P (2000). Incidence du développement de l’identité sexuelle sur les risques de contamination par le VIH chez les homosexuels et bisexuels de 25 ans et moins en Suisse romande. Lausanne, Suisse. Internet: .

Cochran SD (2001). Emerging issues in research on lesbians' and gay men's mental health: does sexual orientation really matter? The American Psychologist, 56(11):931-47. Abstract. Full Text.

Cochran SD, Sullivan JG, Mays VM (2003). Prevalence of mental disorders, psychological distress, and mental health services use among lesbian, gay and bisexual adults in the United States. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71(1): 53-61. Internet:  .

Cochran SD, Keenan C, Schober C, Mays VM (2000). Estimates of Alcohol Use and Clinical Treatment Needs Among Homosexually Active Men and Women in the U.S. Population. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68(6): 1062-1071. Intrernet: .

Cochran SD, Mays VM, Alegria M, Ortega AN, Takeuchi D (2007). Mental health and substance use disorders among Latino and Asian American lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 75(5): 785-94. Abstract. Full Text. Full Text.

Cochran SD, Mays VM (2009). Burden of psychiatric morbidity among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals in the California Quality of Life Survey. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 118(3): 647-58. PDF. Abstract.

Cochran SD, Mays VM (2000). Lifetime prevalence of suicide symptoms and affective disorders among men reporting same-sex sexual partners: results from NHANES III. American Journal of Public Health, 90(4): 573-8. Internet: -  (PubMed Abstract)

Cochran, S D, Mays V M (2000). Relation Between Psychiatric Syndromes and Behaviorally Defined Sexual Orientation in a Sample of the US Population. American Journal of Epidemiology, 151(5): 516-523. Internet:  . (PubMed Abstract)

Cochran, S D, Mays V M (1994). Depressive Distress Among Homosexually Active African-American Men and Women. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151(4): 524-529. Internet: . (PubMed Abstract)

Committee on Adolescence - The American Academy of Pediatrics (2000). Suicide and Suicide Attempts in Adolescents. Pediatrics, 105(4): 871-874. Internet: . Full Text.

Committee on Adolescence - The American Academy of Pediatrics (2000). Homosexuality and Adolescence. Pediatrics, 92(4): 631-634. Internet: N/A .

Community Consultants Ltd. (2006). L. Inc Lesbian Health Research: A study of the general health of the Lesbian community in Cork. Commissioned by: L. Inc (Lesbians in Cork) Ltd. Funded by the Health Service Executive South. Full Text.

Cooke, Kathryn (2007). Homosexual Teen Suicide. Student Paper. Full Text.

Corliss HL, Cochran SD, Mays VM (2002). Reports of Parental Maltreatment During Childhood in a United States Population-based Survey of Homosexual, Bisexual and Heterosexual Adults. Child Abuse and Neglect, 26: 1165-1178. Internet:  .  (PubMed Abstract)

Corneau S, Holmes D (2008). Détresse psychique et homosexualité: état des connaissances et enjeux méthodologiques de recherche. Santé mentale, n°132: 17-22. Full Text. Full Text.

Cover, Rob (2011). The Chasm and the Abyss: Queer Theory and the Socialities of Queer Youth Suicide. Interalia, 6(1): 1-22. PDF Download.

Cover, Rob (2010). Politicising Queer Issues and Activism: Disciplinarity, Biopolitics and the Means by which Activist Issues Enter the Public Sphere. Reconstruction, 10(3). Full Text. See paragraphs 7-9.

Coxell A, King M, Mezey G, Gordon D (1999). Lifetime prevalence, characteristics, and associated problems of non-consensual sex in men: cross sectional survey. British Medical Journal, 318: 846-850. Internet: .  (PubMed Abstract)

Crabe C (Nursingmatters, 2008). Gay Straight Alliance helps LGBT students feel safe. Full Text.

Crawford I, Allison KW, Zamboni BD, Soto T (2002). The influence of dual-identity development on the psychosocial functioning of African-American gay and bisexual men. Journal of Sex Research, 39(3): 179-89. Full Text. Full Text.

Cull M, Platzer H, Balloch S (2006). Out On My Own: Understanding the Experiences and Needs of Homeless Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth. Brighton & Hove, England: Health and Social Policy Research Centre, Faculty of Health, School of Applied Social Science, University of Brighton. Internet: Full Text. Research Summary: N/A. - (Alternate Link).

Curran, Greg (2002). Young Queers Getting Together: Moving Beyond Isolation and Loneliness. Ph.D. Thesis, Youth Research Centre, Department of Education Policy and Management, The University of Melbourne. Internet: Title, Abstract: - Thesis Download (PDF):

D'Augelli AR (2002). Mental Health Problems among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths Ages 14 to 21. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 7(3): 433–456. Sage Abstract. Full Text.

D'Augelli AR, Grossman AH, Salter NP, Vasey JJ, Starks MT, Sinclair KO (2005). Predicting the suicide attempts of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 35(6): 646-60. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

D'Augelli AR, Grossman AH (2001).  Disclosure of Sexual Orientation, Victimization, and Mental Health Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Older Adults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16(10): 1008-1027. Sage Abstract. Full Text. Full Text.

D’Augelli AR, Hershberger SL (1993). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth in community settings: Personal challenges and mental health problems. American Journal of Community Psychology, 21(4), 421–448. Springer Abstract. Full Text.

D’Augelli AR, Hershberger SL, Pilkington NW (2001). Suicidality patterns and sexual orientation-related factors among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31(3), 250–265. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Davies, Stephen (1998). Personal views: The death of a footballer [Justin Fashanu], equality, and medicine. BMJ, 317, 220. - .

Davis, Amy S (2010). Suicide Survivorship Among Lesbians. PhD. Dissertation. Antioch University Seattle. Download Page.

Davis, Katherine (2010). Application of a Leadership Approach to Address Suicide among Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Youth. Florida Public Health Review, 7: 4-8. PDF Download.

Davis, Mark (2006). Exclusion to Inclusion of Sexual and Gender Minorities in Behavioral Health Services. Full Text.

Dean L, et al (2000). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health: Findings and Concerns. Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association (JGLMA), 4(3): 101-151. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Diaz RM, Ayala G (2001). Discriminacion Social y la Salud: El Caso de los Hombres Latinos Homosexuales y el Riesgo de Infeccion por HIV. The Policy Instituteof the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. Internet: .

Diaz RM, Ayala G (2001). Social Discrimination and Health: The Case of Latino Gay Men and HIV Risk. The Policy Instituteof the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. Internet:  .
Díaz RM, Ayala G, Bein E, Henne J, Marin BV (2001). The impact of homophobia, poverty, and racism on the mental health of gay and bisexual Latino men: findings from 3 US cities. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6):927-32.
Full Text. Abstract.

District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS, 2008). 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Survey: Sexual Minority Baseline Fact Sheet. PDF Download N/A. - Serious Issues for Gay Teens Emerge in Youth Risk Behavior Survey  2008, Related data given).  - Gay students more likely to consider suicide: study. Survey shows D.C. gay youth face bullying, harassment (2008). "30.6 percent of gay teens considered suicide in the previous year, 28.9 percent made a plan to commit suicide and 32.6 percent attempted suicide. That compares to 13.8 percent, 12.1 percent and 8.6 percent respectively in those same categories for their straight counterparts.

Doig E (2001). Respect for Difference: Suicide prevention for young same sex attracted people. A Resource for Teachers and Trainers from The 'Don't Take Your Life - Celebrate It' Project. The Second Story Youth Health Service, Child and Youth Health. Adelaide, South Australia. Word Download.

Dong, Arthur (Film, 1997). Licenced to Kill. Deep Focus Productions, Inc. Internet: .

Dyck DR (2013). LGBTQ Youth Suicide Prevention: Summary: Report on Outcomes and Recommendations. Ottawa: Egale Canada Human Rights Trust. PDF Download. Download Page.

Dyson S, Mitchell A, Smith A, Dowsett G, Pitts M, Hillier L (2003)Don't Ask, Don't Tell. Hidden in the crowd: The Need for Documenting Links between Sexuality and Suicidal Behaviours Among Young People. Melbourne, Australia: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Egale Canada. (2009). Youth speak up about homophobia and transphobia. PDF Download. Summary.

Eisenberg M, Henry W (2003). Substance use behaviors among college students with same-sex and opposite-sex experience: results from a national study. Addictive behaviors, 28: 899–913. Internet: . (PubMed Abstract)

ETR Associates (ETRA, 2008b). High School Youth Risk Behavior & Resiliency Results. PDF Download. Download Page.

Farley SM, Disare K, Poreda H, McVeigh KH, Van Wye G, Kerker B (2008). Mental Health of New York City Youth. A report from the New York City Youth Risk Behavior Survey. NYC Vital Signs 7(2): 1-4. PDF Download.

Faulkner AH, Cranston K (1998). Correlates of same-sex sexual behavior in a random sample of Massachusetts high school students. American Journal of Public Health, 88(2): 262-6. Full Text. Abstract.

Fergusson D, Horwood L, and Beautrais A (1999). Is sexual orientation related to mental health problems and suicidality in young people? Archives of General Psychiatry, 56(10), 876-880. Internet Availability: - N/A - Full Text. - (Alternate Link). For commentaries on research results see Friedman (1999), Remafedi (1999), and Bailey (1999). Abstract: .

Fergusson DM, Horwood LJ, Ridder EM, Beautrais AL (2005). Sexual orientation and mental health in a birth cohort of young adults. Psychological Medicine, 35(7): 971-981. PubMed Abstract. PDF Download.

FHI-Rapport (2005). Homosexuellas, bisexuellas och transpersoners hälsosituation. Återrapportering av regeringsuppdrag att undersöka och analysera hälsosituationen bland  HBT-personer. (nr. 19) Statens folkhälsoinstitut [Gay, bisexual and transgender people's health. A goverment report examining and analysing the health situation among LGBT people. Translations to English was done by Google, with some editing needed.]. PDF Download.

Finnbogason, Signe (2010). Nonsuicidal self-injury in queer youth. Master's Dissertation, Counselling Psychology, University of British Columbia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Firdion J-M (2001). Le risque de suicide chez les jeunes a orientation non conventionnelle (lesbienne, bisexuels, gaus). Paris: Homosexualites et Socialisme. Full Text.

Friedman MS, Koeske GF, Silvestre AJ, Korr WS, Sites EW (2006). The impact of gender-role nonconforming behavior, bullying, and social support on suicidality among gay male youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 38(5): 621-3. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Fisher CM, Irwin JA, Coleman JD, McCarthy M, Chavez J (2011). The Midlands LGBT Needs Assessment Community Report. Omaha, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Medical Center. PDF Download.

Frankowski BL, AAP Committee on Adolescence (2004). Sexual Orientation and Adolescents. Clinical Report. Pediatrics, 113(6): 1827-1832. Internet:;113/6/1827.pdf .

Friedman MS, Koeske GF, Silvestre AJ, Korr WS, Sites EW (2006). The impact of gender-role nonconforming behavior, bullying, and social support on suicidality among gay male youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 38(5): 621-3. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Friedman MS, Marshal MP, Stall R, Cheong J, Wright ER (2008). Gay-related development, early abuse and adult health outcomes among gay males. AIDS and Behavior, 12(6): 891-902. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Friedman R (1999). Homosexuality, psychopathology, and suicidality. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56(10), 887-8. Internet Availability: - N/A .

Gamache P, Lazear KJ (2009). Asset-Based Approaches for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Questioning, Intersex, and Two-Spirit (LGBTQI2-S). The Research & Training Center for Children’s Mental Health, Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute, College of Behavioral & Community Sciences, University of South Florida. PDF Download.

Gangamma R, Slesnick N, Toviessi P, Serovich J (2008). Comparison of HIV Risks among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Heterosexual Homeless Youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37(4): 456-464. Full Text. Abstract.

Garofalo R, Wolf RC, Wissow LS, Woods ER, Goodman E (1999). Sexual orientation and risk of suicide attempts among a representative sample of youth. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 153(5): 487-93. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Gay and Lesbian Medical Association and LGBT health experts (2001). Healthy People 2010 Companion Document for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Health. San Francisco, CA: Gay and Lesbian Medical Association.  PDF Download. PDF Download.

Gay Straight Alliance for Safe Schools (GSASS, 2009). Addressing School Safety for Sexual Minority Youth in Wisconsin Public Schools. Wisconsin Workshop Announcement. PDF Download. The error in this document is that the "At Risk" group are those reporting same-sex sex who are not necessarily GLB identified.

Gay Surrey Youth Surveys: 2007 Survey. 2008 Survey. Suicidality & Self-Harm results given.

Ghassemlou, Payam (2011). LGBT Suicide and the Trauma of Growing Up Gay. PDF Download.

Gibson P (1989). Gay and Lesbian Youth Suicide. In: Feinlieb, MR., Ed. Vol. 3: Prevention and Intervention in Youth Suicide, Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Youth Suicide, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 1989. Full Text. Full Text. PDF Download.

Gilman SE, Cochran SD, Mays VM, Hughes M, Ostrow D, Kessler RC (2001). Risk of psychiatric disorders among individuals reporting same-sex sexual partners in the National Comorbidity Survey. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6): 933-9. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Glider P, et al. (2010). Workshop 4C: A Systemic Approach to the Prevention of Substance Abuse and Suicide in LGBTQ Communities. Presentation: 23rd Annual NPN Research Conference, Denver, CO. Thursday, September 1, 2010. PDF Download.

Grant JM, Mottet LA, Tanis J, Herman JL, Harrison J, Keisling M (2010). National Transgender Discrimination Survey Report on health and health care. Findings of a Study by the National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. Full Text. Full Text. Download Page.

Grant A, et al. (Universities UK management guidelines, 2002). Reducing the risk of student suicide: issues and responses for higher education institutions. Internet: .

Gross, Larry (2007). Gideon Who Will be 25 in the Year 2012: Growing Up Gay Today. International Journal of Communication, 1: 121-138. PDF.

Grossman AH, D'Augelli AR (2007). Transgender youth and life-threatening behaviors. Suicide and Life Threatrening Behaviors, 37(5): 527-37. PubMed abstract. PDF Download.

Grossman AH, D'Augelli AR, O’Connell TS (2001). Being Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and 60 or Older in North America. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 13(4):  23-40. PDF Download.

Gup, Nancy J (1998). Prevalence of Suicidality and Contributing Risk Factors among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youth. University of Georgia. Download Page.

Haas AP, Eliason M, Mays VM, Mathy RM, Cochran SD, D'Augelli AR, Silverman MM, Fisher PW, Hughes T, Rosario M, Russell ST, Malley E, Reed J, Litts DA, Haller E, Sell RL, Remafedi G, Bradford J, Beautrais AL, Brown GK, Diamond GM, Friedman MS, Garofalo R, Turner MS, Hollibaugh A, Clayton PJ (2011). Suicide and suicide risk in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations: review and recommendations. Journal of Homosexuality, 58(1): 10-51. Abstract. Full Text: Open Access.

Hanner, Hans (2002). Psykisk hälsa och ohälsa hos ungdomar 16-24 år som attraheras av personer av sitt eget kön: En enkätundersökning. [Mental Health and Illness in 16- to 24-year Old Youth who are Same-Sex Attracted: A survey.] PhD Thesis, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University. PDF Download. Download Page. A Version of the Same Study: PDF Download. Note: Translations to English was done by Google, with some editing needed. A 2005 Qualitative Suty by Hanner: 8 GLB Youth Interviewed. PDF Download.

Häusermann, Michael (2000). Santé Gaie. Un papier de discussion. PDF.

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Illinois Department of Public Health - Injury Prevention Illinois (2011): Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Youth Suicide.  PDF Download.

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Leu, Christian (2008). Sexuelle Orientierung und Suizidalität: Eine Untersuchung der internationalen und nationalen Forschungs-ergebnisse der Risiko- und Schutzfaktoren für adoleszente Homo- und Bisexuelle. bern, Switzrland: PINK CROSS, LOS und fels. Full Text N/A. Download Page N/A. Word Download. Download Page. PDF Download. Full Text. Download Page. Translation.

Lhomond B, Saurel-Cubizolles MJ (2009). Orientation sexuelle et santé mentale: une revue de la littérature [Sexual orientation and mental health: a review]. Revue d'épidémiologie et de santé publique, 57(6): 437-50. Abstract. Dowload Page: In two Documents: Text & Tables. Download Page.

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Marshall, Daniel (----). Celebrating Students’ Sexual and Gender Diversity. State Goverment, Victoria, Australia: Department of Education and Early Childhood Development. PDF Download. Suicidality survey results given.

Massachusetts Departments of Elementary and Secondary Education and Public Health (MDESE, MDPH, 2008). Health and Risk Behaviors of Massachusetts Youth, 2007: The Report. PDF Download. Download Page.

The Massachusetts Commission on Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender (GLBT) Youth (2007). Massachusetts High School Students and Sexual Orientation Results of the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. PDF Download. Download Page.

The Massachusetts Commission on Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender (GLBT) Youth (2005). Massachusetts High School Students and Sexual Orientation Results of the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. PDF Download. Download Page.

The Massachusetts Commission on Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender (GLBT) Youth (2003). Massachusetts High School Students and Sexual Orientation Results of the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. PDF Download.

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McClaren S, Jude B, McLachlan AJ (2007). Sexual orientation, sense of belonging and depression in Australian men. International Journal of Men's Health, 6(3): 259-272. Full Text. Full Text.

McDaniel JS, Purcell DW, D'Augelli AR (2001). The relationship between sexual orientation and risk for suicide: research findings and future directions for research and prevention.. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31(Suppl.): 84-105. (Review) PubMed Reference. PDF Download. (Download Page)

MCES (2010). Suicide Prevention and Criminal Justice. MCES Quest, January. Norristown, PA: Montgomery County Emergency Service, Inc. PDF Download.

McNair R, Kavanagh A, Agius P, Tong B (2005). The mental health status of young adult and mid-life non-heterosexual Australian women. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 29(3): 265-71. PubMed Abstract. Cohort Studied:  Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health: ALSWH. PDF Download.

McNamee H (2006). Out on Your Own: An Examination of the Mental Health of Young Same-Sex Attracted Men. Belfast: The Rainbow Project. Internet: Download Page. PDF Download. Alternate Link.

Meads C, Buckley E, Sanderson P (2007). Ten years of lesbian health survey research in the UK West Midlands. BMC Public Health, 19(7): 251. Full Text. Abstract.

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Meyer IH (2007). Prejudice, Social Stress, and Mental Health in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations: Conceptual Issues and Research Evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129(5): 674–697. PDF Download.

Meyer IH (2007). Stress, Identity, and Health in Diverse NYC LGB Communities. Presentation. PDF Download. Suicidality survey results given.

Meyer IH (2003). Prejudice, Social Stress, and Mental Health in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations: Conceptual Issues and Research Evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129(5): 674–697. Internet: PDF Download. (Abstract)

Meyer IH, Dietrich J, Schwartz S (2008). Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders and suicide attempts in diverse lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. American Journal of Public Health, 98(6): 1004-6. Abstract PDF Download. (Download Page)

Mills TC, Paul J, Stall R, Pollack L, Canchola J, Chang YJ, Moskowitz JT, Catania JA (2004) . Distress and depression in men who have sex with men: the Urban Men's Health Study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161(4):776. PubMed Abstract. Full Text: PDF Download.

Ministere de la Sante, de la Jeunesse, des Sports et de la Vie Associative (2008)«Jeune et homo sous le regard des autres» : Un concours de scénarios pour lutter contre l’homophobie et ses conséquences: Dossier de presse. France: Ministere de la Sante, de la Jeunesse, des Sports et de la Vie Associative. PDF Download.

Moe J L, Leggett ES, Perera-Diltz D (2011). School counseling for systemic change: Bullying and suicide prevention for LGBTQ youth. PDF Download.

Morris JF, Waldo CR, Rothblum ED (2001). A model of predictors and outcomes of outness among lesbian and bisexual women. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 71(1): 61-71. Abstract PDF Download.

Morris, Sally (----). Open Doors: LGBT Youth Suicide Prevention Project. Queensland, Australia: Open Doors Youth Service Inc. PDF Download.

Morrison LL, L'Heureux J (2001). Suicide and gay / lesbian / bisexual youth: implications for clinicians. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1): 39-49. PubMed Abstract. Full Text: PDF Download. PDF Download.

Moseng, Ved Bera (2000). Selvmordsatferd blant lesbiske kvinner og homofile menn – en kunnskapsoversikt. Suicidologi, 3. Internet: N/A Alternate Link.

Murphy, Heather Elise (2007). Suicide risk among gay, lesbian and bisexual college youth. PhD. Dissertation, Educational Psychology, University of Washington. Abstract from a conference presentation. PDF Download. Download Page. Related news item.

National Association of Friendship Centres (2008). Supporting Two Spirited Peoples: Discussion Paper (PDF Download).

Nemoto T, Keatley J, Operario D,  Soma T (2002). Psychosocial Factors affecting HIV Risk Behaviors among Male to Female transgenders in San Francisco. Poster # WePeE6583, presented at the XIV International AIDS Conference in Barcelona, Spain, July 2002. Internet: .

Nemoto T, Operario D, Keatley J, Han L, Soma T (2004). HIV risk behaviors among male-to-female transgender persons of color in San Francisco. American Journal of Public Health, 94(7): 1193-9. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Nicholas J, Howard J (2001). Same-Sex Attracted Youth Suicide: Why are we still talking about it? Presented at the Suicide Prevention Australia National Conference, Sydney, April. The PowerPoint presentation was made available to the authors by John Howard. Study results also presented a 2006 Suicide Prevention Day Forum. PDF.

Nicholas J, Howard J (2006). Better dead than Gay?: Are same sex attracted youth more at risk for suicide than straight youth? PPT Presentation. PDF Download.

Nickels SJ, Walls NE, Laser JA, Wisneski H (2012). Differences in Motivations of Cutting Behavior Among Sexual Minority Youth. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 29(1): 41-59. PDF Download. Abstract.

Noyes P, Alberti P, Ghai N (2008). Health Behaviors among Youth in East and Central Harlem, Bedford-Stuyvesant and Bushwick, and the South Bronx. New York, NY: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Full Text.

O'Donnell S, Meyer I, Schwartz S (2011). Increased Risk of Suicide Attempts Among Black and Latino Lesbians, Gay Men, and Bisexuals. American Journal of Public Health. Abstract. Full Text.

Olshen E, McVeigh KH, Wunsch-Hitzig RA, Rickert VI (2007). Dating violence, sexual assault, and suicide attempts among urban teenagers. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 161(6): 539-45. Abstract. PDF.

Omar, Hishamuddin Bin (2011). Constitutive rhetoric and the rhetoric of hope in the It Gets Better project. Master of Arts' Dissertation, San Diego State University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Ortiz-Hernández L, Garcia Torres MI (2005). Efectos de la violencia y la discriminación en la salud mental de bisexuales, lesbianas y homosexuales de la Ciudad de México. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 21(3): 913-925. Abstract & Full Text. .

O’Shaughnessy M, et al. (2004). Safe Place to Learn: Consequences of Harassment Based on Actual or Perceived Sexual Orientation and Gender Non-Conformity and Steps for Making Schools Safer. CA: California Safe Schools Coalition and 4-H Center for Youth Development, University of California, Davis. Full Text.

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Pathela, Preeti (2008). Same-sex sexual behavior and sexual risk behaviors among in-school youth in New York City: representative data from the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Paper presented at the 2008 National STD Prevention Conference, March 10-13, Chicago, Illinois. Abstract. PPT PresentationDownload Page.

Paul JP, Catania J, Pollack L, Moskowitz J, Canchola J, Mills T, Binson D, Stall R (2002). Suicide attempts among gay and bisexual men: lifetime prevalence and antecedents. American Journal of Public Health, 92(8): 1338-45. Internet: - (PubMed Abstract)

Peterson, Jean (2011). Gifted, Gay and Suicidal: A Study of the Adolescent Experience. PPT Presentation. PDF Download.

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Plöderl, Martin (2005). Sexuelle Orientierung, Suizidalität und psychische Gesundheit (Google Books).

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Plöderl M, Kralovec K, Fartacek C, Fartacek R (2009). Homosexualität als Risikofaktor für Depression und Suizidalität bei Männern. Blickpunkt DER MANN: 7(4): 28-37. PDF Download.

Polders LA,  Nel JA, Kruger P, wells HL (2008). Factors affecting vulnerability to depression among gay men and lesbian women in Gauteng, South Africa. South African Journal of Psychology, 38(4): 673-687. PDF Download.

Poon CS, Saewyc EM (2009). Out yonder: sexual-minority adolescents in rural communities in British Columbia. American Journal of Public Health, 99(1): 118-24. PDF Download. Abstract.

Pope, R, Sherriff N (2008). West Sussex Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Unsure (LGBTU) Youth Research Project. Final report to the West Sussex Youth Service and West Sussex PCT: Brighton, International Health Development Research Centre (IHDRC), University of Brighton. PDF Download.

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Qin P, Agerbo E, Mortensen PB (2003). Suicide risk in relation to socioeconomic, demographic, psychiatric, and familial factors: a national register-based study of all suicides in Denmark, 1981-1997. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(4):765-72. Abstract. Full Text. See: Frisch M, Bronnum-Hansen H (2009). Mortality among men and women in same-sex marriage: a national cohort study of 8333 Danes. American Journal of Public Health, 99(1): 133-7. Abstract. After 1995, higher risk of death in same-sex marriages occur in first 3 year of the marriage. Note: The paper does NOT mention the Qin et al (2003) suicide results, and suicide is only mentioned as possibly being implicated in the higher risk of death for same-sex couples.

Quinn K (2003). Rural suicide and same sex attracted youth: issues, interventions and implications for rural counsellors. Rural Remote Health, 3(222): 1-6. Full Text.

Rainbow Health Ontario (RHO, 2011). RHO Fact Sheet: LGBT Mental Health. Full Text.

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Ramsay R, Tremblay P (2005). Homosexually Oriented Adults: At Risk for... Mental Disorders? Suicidality? Suicide? Information Handout at the 2005 AAS (American Association of Suicidology) 38th Annual Conference. Broomfield, Colorado, April, 2005. The Handout.

Ramsay R, Tremblay P (2004a). The Changing Social Construction of Western Male Homosexuality: Associations With Worsening Youth Suicide problems. Same as Ramsay & Tremblay (2004), with one addition.  Poster Presentation at the "Diversity & Health" Conference, Calgary, Alberta: November 12, 2004.

Ramsay R, Tremblay P (2004). The Changing Social Construction of Western Male Homosexuality: Associations With Worsening Youth Suicide problems. Poster Presentation: 2004 CASP (Canadian Association For Suicide Prevention) Conference held in Edmonton, Alberta in October.

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Remafedi G (2002). Suicidality in a venue-based sample of young men who have sex with men. Journal of Adolescent Health, 31(4): 305-10. Full Text. Full Text. PDF Download.

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Remafedi G, French S, Story M, Resnick MD, Blum R (1998). The Relationship Between Suicide Risk and Sexual Orientation: Results of a Population-Based Study. American Journal of Public Health, 88(1): 57-60. Internet: Full Text. PDF Download.

Remafedi, Gary (1994).The State of Knowledge on Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youth Suicide. In Remafedi G, ed. Death by Denial: Studies of Suicide in Gay and Lesbian Teenagers. Boston, Mass: Alyson, 1994. Internet: Full Text .

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Remafedi G, French S, Story M, Resnick MD, and Blum R (1998). The relationship between suicide risk and sexual orientation: results of a population-based study. American Journal of Public Health, 88(1), 57-60. Full Text. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Remafedi, Gary (1987). Male Homosexuality: The Adolescent's Perspective. Pediatics, 79: 326-330. Internet: .

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RI Departments of Health and Elementary & Secondary Education (RIDHESE, 2009). Sexual Orientation and Health Risks Among Rhode Island Public High School Students in 2007. PDF Download. Download Page.

Richardson N, Clarke N, Fowler C (2013). Young Men and Suicide Project: A Report on the Young Men and Suicide Project. Ireland: Men’s Health Forum &  the Institute of Public Health. Full Text.

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Roberts S, Green A (2009). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans communities and suicide prevention. UK, PPT Presentation.

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Robinson JP, Espelage DL (2011). Inequities in Educational and Psychological Outcomes Between LGBTQ and Straight Students in Middle and High School. Educational Researcher, 40(7): 315-330. Abstract. PDF Download.

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Roen, Katrina (2007). The cultural context of youth suicide: identity, gender and sexuality: Full Research Report. ESRC End of Award Report, ES-000-22-1239. Swindon: ESRC. PDF Download.

Romero, Pedro (1999). Impact of Racism, Homophobia and Poverty on Suicidal Ideation among Latino Gay Men. Berkeley McNair Research Journal, 7 ( N/A). Internet:  Full Text  (PDF version of study). Related Paper: Diaz RM, Ayala G, Bein E, Henne J, Marin B (2001). The impact of homophobia, poverty, and racism on the mental health of gay and bisexual Latino men: findings from 3 US cities. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6): 927-32. (PubMed Abstract)

Rosario M, Shrimshaw EW, Hunter J (2005). Psychological Distress Following Suicidality Among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths: Role of Social Relationships. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(2): 149-161. Springer Abstract. Full Text.

Rosenfeld MJ (2007). The Risk of Suicide, the Safety of Sexual Minorities in High Schools, and the Response of Gay-Straight Alliances. PDF Download.

Rosenstreich, Gabi (2011). LGBTI People: Mental Health & Suicide. Briefing Paper. Sydney: National LGBTI Health Alliance. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Rosenstreich G (2010). Excluded from the table: LGBT health and wellbeing. Health Voices: Journal of the Consumer Health Forum of Australia Issue 6, April. PDF Download.

Rosenstreich G (2007). PreventionThe Significance of Diversity for Suicide Prevention Initiatives. SPINZ Symposium 2007: Building the Jigsaw: Collaborating for Suicide Prevention. PDF Download.

Rossen FV, Lucassen MFG, Denny S, Robinson E (2009). Youth ‘07 The health and wellbeing of secondary school students in New Zealand: Results for young people attracted to the same sex or both sexes. Auckland: The University of Auckland. Download Page.

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Røthinga Å, Svendsenb SHB (2010). Homotolerance and Heterosexuality as Norwegian Values. Journal of LGBT Youth, 7(2): 147-166. Abstract. Full Text.

Russell ST (2003). Sexual minority youth and suicide risk. American Behavioral Scientist, 46(9): 1241-1257. PDF Download.

Russell ST, Joyner K (2001). Adolescent Sexual Orientation and Suicide Risk: Evidence From a National Study. American Journal of Public Health, 91(8): 1276-81. Internet: Full Text. (PubMed Abstract)

Rutter PA, Soucar E (2002). Youth suicide risk and sexual orientation. Adolescence, 37(146): 289-99. Full Text.

Rutter, Phil (2011). The Intersection of Ethnicity and Sexual Orientation in Youth Suicide Risk. NewsLink E-Community: A Publication of the American Association of Suicidology, November: 14-16. Full Text. PDF Download.

Ryan C, Huebner D, Diaz RM, Sanchez J (2009). Family rejection as a predictor of negative health outcomes in white and Latino lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults. Pediatrics, 123(1): 346-52. PubMed Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Ryan C, Russell ST, Huebner D, Diaz R, Sanchez J (2010). Family Acceptance in Adolescence and the Health of LGBT Young Adults. Journal of Child and Adolescence Psychiatric Nursing, 23(4): 205-13. PubMed Abstract. PDF Download.

Saewyc EM (2007). Contested conclusions: Claims that can (and cannot) be made from the current research on gay, lesbian, and bisexual teen suicide attempts. Journal of LGBT Health Research, 3(1): 79-87. PDF Download.

Saewyc EM, Bearinger LH, Heinz PA, Blum RW, Resnick MD (1998). Gender differences in health and risk behaviors among bisexual and homosexual adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 23(3): 181-8. Full Text.

Saewyc EM, Homma Y, Skay CL, Bearinger LH, Resnick MD, Reis E (2009). Protective factors in the lives of bisexual adolescents in North America.   American Journal of Public Health, 99(1): 110-7. Abstract. PDF Download.

Saewyc EM, Poon CS, Homma Y, Skay CL (2008). Stigma management? The links between enacted stigma and teen pregnancy trends among gay, lesbian, and bisexual students in British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 17(3): 123-139. Abstract. PDF Download.

Saewyc E, Poon C, Wang N, Homma Y, Smith A & the McCreary Centre Society. (2007). Not Yet Equal: The Health of Lesbian, Gay, & Bisexual Youth in BC. Vancouver, BC: The McCreary Centre Society. PDF. Download Page.

Saewyc EM, Skay CL, Hynds P, Pettingell S, Bearinger LH, Resnick MD, Reis E (2007). Suicidal ideation and Attempts in North American School-Based Surveys: Are Bisexual Youth at Increasing Risk? Journal of LGBT Health Research, 3(2): 25-36. PDF Download.

Sandfort TG, Bakker F, Schellevis FG, Vanwesenbeeck I (2006). Sexual orientation and mental and physical health status: findings from a Dutch population survey. American Journal of Public Health, 96(6): 1119-25. Full Text. Abstract.

Sandfort TG, de Graaf R, Bijl RV, Schnabel P (2001). Same-Sex Sexual Behavior and Psychiatric Disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58(1): 85-91. Internet: .

Sandfort TG, Melendez RM,  Diaz RM (2007). Gender nonconformity, homophobia, and mental distress in Latino gay and bisexual men. Journal of Sex Research, 44(2): 181–189.  Full Text Full Text. (PubMed Abstract) 

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Schlatter J, Irala J, Escamilla I (2005). Psicopatología asociada a la homosexualidad [Psychopathology related to homosexuality.]. Revista de Medicina de la Universidad de Navarra, 49(3): 69-79. PDF Download. Google Translation.

SFUSD School Health Programs Department (2008). LGBTQ Student Health: Analysis of SFUSD Health Survey Data. PowerPoint Download. Download Page.

Shelly, Marc (2002). Prévention à la carte : un outil pour sensibiliser, réduire le risque chez les jeunes. Atelier IX. : Stratégies de prévention. Actes du Deuxième Congrès international de la francophonie en prévention du suicide : "Prévention du suicide et Pratiques de Réseaux." Liège, du 18 au 22 novembre, 2002. Download Page. PDF Download.

Shelly M, Moreau D, Tubert-Bitter P (2005). Soufrance Psychique et Conduites à Risque. PPT Presentation. PDF Download. For methodology description, see Shelly (2002). The Shelly et al (2002) study sample is included in this study.

Shelly M, Moreau D, Yang L, Gendre C, Mailloux M, Segouin C, Bertrand D (2002). Evaluation de l’effet éventuel de la sursuicidalité sur les comportements sexuels à risque chez les jeunes hommes ayant des relations entre eux. Conséquences sur la pratique du dépistage du VIH. Presented at: Prévention du suicide et pratiques de réseaux-congrès international-Liège, Novembre, 2002. Internet: . Alternate Link.

Sherriff N, Pope R (2008). The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and unsure (LGBTU) Youth Research Project: Views and experiences of young people living in West Sussex. Education and Health,  26(4). Full Text.

Silenzio VM, Pena JB, Duberstein PR, Cerel J, Knox KL (2007). Sexual orientation and risk factors for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among adolescents and young adults. American Journal of Public Health, 97(11): 2017-2019. Full Text. Full Text. Abstract.

Skegg, Karen (2005). Self-Harm. The Lancet, 366: 1471-1483. PDF Download.

Skegg K, Nada-Raja S, Dickson N, Paul C, Williams S (2003). Sexual orientation and self-harm in men and women. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(3): 541-6. Lifetime suicide attempt incidences for young adult males: Heterosexual (6%), Minor Homosexuality (16%), Significant Homosexuality (25%). For females: Heterosexual (9%), Minor Homosexuality (11%), Significant Homosexuality (33%). American Journal of Psychiatry web site. Full Text. (PubMed Abstract) - Related New Item: Same Sex Attraction Increases Risk of Self-Harm.

Smith MU, Drake MA (2001). Suicide and Homosexual Teens. American Biology Teacher, .63(3): 154-62. Reprint: Full Text. Full Text.

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Staunton, Shaun (2007). Uneven Ground: Mapping the terrain for LGBT young people: A Brisbane mapping report on LGBT young people and the service providers who work with them. Queensland, Australia: Queensland Association fot Healthy Communities, Inc. PDF Download.

Steele LS, Ross LE, Dobinson C, Veldhuizen S, Tinmouth JM (2009). Women's sexual orientation and health: results from a Canadian population-based survey. Women Health, 49(5): 353-67. PubMed Abstract. Full Text.

Storksen, Ingvill et al. (Oslo, Norway, 2002). GLB and Suicide Prevention: English Summary of Strategies and Actions. Internet: Full Text.

Suicide Prevention Australia (SPA, 2009). Position Statement: Suicide and self-harm among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender communities. PDF Download.

Suicide Prevention Resource Center (2008). Suicide risk and prevention for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Newton, MA: Education Development Center, Inc. Prepared by the Suicide Prevention Resource Center for the Center for Mental Health Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Download: A Related Google Cache Document.

Sullivan MG (2004). Gay, bisexual youth at risk for suicidal ideation, action. Clinical Psychiatry News, December. Full Text.

Sullivan S, Valles J (2006). Real Life Issues Curriculum Infusion for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender and Questioning (LGBTQ) Students. Full Text.

Svensson, Anneli (2011). Homo- och bisexuella ungdomars tankar och upplevelser av suicidhandlingar. En studie av riskfaktorer och skyddande faktorer. Korolinska Institutet, Institutionen för klinisk neurovetenskap Sektionen för psykiatri. Full Text.

Syracuse University Students in CFE/QSX 300 (2010, Under the direction of Elizabethe Payne). 2010 Report on Queer Youth in the Syracuse City School District. PDF Download.

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Toronto Police Service's LGBT Community Consultative Committee (2011). LGBTQ Youth Suicide Prevention Guide. Full Text.

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Transgender Equality Network Ireland (2012). Ireland's Trans Mental Health and Well-Being Survey: Self-Harm and Suicide. Full Text.

Tremblay, Pierre with Ramsay, Richard (2000). The Social Construction of Male Homosexuality and Related Suicide Problems. Research Proposals for the Twenty-First Century. Paper  Presented by Pierre Tremblay at The 11th Annual Sociological Symposium: "Deconstructing Youth Suicide," San Diego State University - March, 2000. A part of the present updated paper was presented at the Gay Men's Health Summit in Boulder, Colorado - July, 2000. Available at - . (At this site)

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Tremblay P, Ramsay R (2004). The Changing Social Construction of Western Male Homosexuality: Associations With Worsening Youth Suicide problems. Updated Paper.

Tremblay P, Ramsay R (2003). Socially Constructed Binaries & Youth Suicidality. Presentation Segment from "Bi-Multi-Racial Adolescent Males At Risk For Suicidality".  CPS (Centre for Suicide Prevention) Research Symposium. Calgary, Alberta: April, 2003. PowerPoint.

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Tremblay P, Ramsay R (1997). Gay and Bisexual Male Youth: Overrepresented in Suicide Problems and Associated Risk Factors. Paper prepared for distribution at the Third Bi-Regional Adolescent Suicide Prevention Conference Breckenridge, Colorado, September, 1997: An Invitational Conference. Defining the Problem and meeting the challenge: Creating a Safety Net in Our Communities to Prevent Youth Suicide. Full Text.

Ungdomsstyrelsen (2010). Hon, hen, han, en analys av hälsosituationen för homosexuella och bisexuella ungdomar samt unga transpersoner. PDF Download.

Charles V, Conron K (2002). Double Jeopardy: How Racism and Homophobia Impact the Health of Black and Latino Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Communities. Boston Public Health Commission, LGBT Health. Internet:  .

VanKim NA, Padilla JL (2010). New Mexico's Progress in Collecting Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Data and its Implications for Addressing Health Disparities. Albuquerque, New Mexico: New Mexico Department of Health, Chronic Disease Prevention and Control Bureau. PDF. PDF. Download Page.

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Vermont Department of Health (VDH, 200_?). High Risk Nonsexual Behaviors in Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Adolescents: The 2005 Vermont Youth Risk Behavior Survey. PDF Download.

Walker PH. (2001). Sexual identity, psychological well-being and suicide risk among lesbian and gay young people. Educational and Child Psychology, 18: 47-61. Full Text.

Walls NE, Freedenthal S, Wisneski H (2008). Suicidal ideation and attempts among sexual minority youth receiving social services. Social Work, 53: 21-29. Abstract. Full Text. Full Text. Full Text. PDF Download.

Walls NE, Laser J, Nickels S, Wisneski H (2008). Correlates of cutting behavior among sexual minority youth and young adults. Manuscript submitted for publication. Download Page. PDF. Mentions not to cite without author's permission.

Wang J, Häusermann M, Wydler H, Mohler-Kuo M, Weiss MG (2012). Suicidality and sexual orientation among men in Switzerland: Findings from 3 probability surveys. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 46(8): 980-6. Abstract. Full Text.

Wang J, Häusermann M, Ajdacic-Gross V, Aggleton P, Weiss MG (2007). High prevalence of mental disorders and comorbidity in the Geneva Gay Men's Health Study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology,  42(5): 414-20. Abstract. Full Text.

Warner J, McKeown E, Griffin M, Johnson K, Ramsay A, Cort C, King M (2004). Rates and predictors of mental illness in gay men, lesbians and bisexual men and women: Results from a survey based in England and Wales. British Journal of Psychiatry, 185: 479-85. PubMed Abstract. Research Results SummaryFull Text.

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Webb, D, Wright D (2001). Count Me In: Findings from the lesbian, gay bisexual and transgender community needs assessment 2000. Southampton, England: University of Southampton. (Brighton and Hove Region). Research Summary Results: . Some result: . Some Results: . Some Survey Questions and Suicidality Results: .

Wells H, Polders l (2004). Levels of Empowerment among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender [LGBT] People in Gauteng, South Africa. Research initiative of the Joint Working Group conducted by OUT LGBT Well-being in collaboration with the UNISA Centre for Applied Psychology. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Wells, Kristopher (2009). Research exploring the health, wellness, and safety concerns of sexual minority youth. SIECCAN, The Sex Information and Education Council of Canada, 18(4): 221-229.. Full Text. Full Text.

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Wells, Kristopher (2006). Risk and Protective Factors: A Literature Review on the Impact of Homophobia on LGBTQ Youth in Canada.  Prepared for the Society for Safe and Caring Schools and Communities. PDF Download.

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Whitlock J, Knox KL (2007). The Relationship Between Self-injurious Behavior and Suicide in a Young Adult Population. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 161(7): 634-640. PubMed Abstract. Full Text. Full Text. Related Informaton & Related Publications. Related Information: "College Mental Health Issues and Suicide-Prevention Program Discussed" - Access via Google.

Whittle S, Turner L, Al-Alami M (2007). Engendered Penalties: Transgender and Transsexual People’s Experiences of Inequality and Discrimination. Manchester Metropolitan University. A Research Project and Report Commissioned by the Equalities Review. PDF Download.

Whittle S, Turner L, Combs R, Rhodes S (2008). Transgender EuroStudy: Legal Survey and Focus on the Transgender Experience of Health Care. Brussels,  Belgium: ILGA-Europe: The European Region of the International Lesbian and Gay Association. Download Page. PDF Download.

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Williamson IR (2000). Internalized homophobia and health issues affecting lesbian and gay men. Health Education Research: Theory & Practice, 15(1): 97-107. PDF Download. Full Text.

Winzer R, Boström G (2007). Psykisk ohälsa, självmordstankar och självmordsförsök bland homosexuella, bisexuella och transpersoner (hbt) resultat från två svenska undersökningar. Suicidologi, 12(1): 10-13. PDF Download.

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Zhao Y, Montoro R, Igartua K, Thombs BD (2010). Suicidal Ideation and Attempt Among Adolescents Reporting "Unsure" Sexual Identity or Heterosexual Identity Plus Same-Sex Attraction or Behavior: Forgotten Groups? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 49(2): 104-113. Abstract. PDF Download.

Zians J (2006). The San Diego County Transgender Assessment Report. San Diego, California. Internet: Full Text.

Site Index
                  Index: GLBT Information in 21 Categories.

                  Information at: The Original Site on GB Male Suicide